The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892, July 05, 1890, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

President. H. r.. rnirVa. TtnVnta.
Vlce-Prosidnn .inhn ii PnirnM. Nebraska.
Secretary, August Post, Moulton, Iowa.
Treasurer, J. J. Furlong, Minnesota.
Lecturer, N. B. Ashby, bos Muinos, Iowa.
President, John II. Powers, Cornell;
Vice PreRtdpnt.. Valentino Horn. Aiimrft.
fiecretary-Treasu rer, J. M. Thompson, Lincoln
Aecturer, w. r . wriBrnr, jonnson county.
Asst. lecturer, Lojran Mclteynolds, Fairfield,
i Chaplain, Kev. J. S. Edwards, Wahoo. 1
i Doorkeeper, D. W. Barr, Clay county.
Aut. door keeper, G. O. Underhill, Unadilla.
8eargeant-t-ftrn8: ! Blllinyniy, Shelton.
""V iJtfccuiiVE committee.
1. Burrows, chairman; B. F. Alien, Wabash;
J. W. Williams, Filley; Albert Dickerson,
-Litchfield; Frank H. Young, Custer.
. Post OrriCE at Lincoln, Neb., June 18, 1889.
I hereby certify thatTHB Ali.ianck, a week
iy newspaper puousneu attms place. nas uen i
determined by the Third Assistant Post Man-
J ter uenerai to be a publication entitled to
F admission in the malls at th vnma rate of :
i postage, and entry of U as 6Uch is accordingly ? '
mae apon the books of thiB office. Valid',
while the character of the publication re- Edoae, June 22(1, 1890.
mains unchanged. Aujbkt wat kins, Editor Alliance: As I have Dot
- Postmaster. Sfiftn items from tnig vI0Iritv in
For The Aixiasce.
What's Wrong?
, ,,
Oh what is the matter? Oh tell me what
xum me lanncrs anu worm.iKiucu vu v setiu,y were making from 23 to 40 per cent
alnnrr. ' .u. . l .xt .
mousrn the harvest is great tnatwe getna mistake. fori have been farming lor
the fall, Uhe past live years, and on an average I
When the spring rolls around we have noti;
ing at all.
Perhaps there are so Qy
whose ituuics ate re-
liut how many hands arc now big and
Yet know not the glory of chisel or pen,
Ifut toil for their loved with the might of
true men.
There are hearts that are nobte aod lires that
are great
Who know naught of fame or honor of state.
For who is more noble than he that will give
All the strength of his years that his loved
ones may live?
When you talk of the noble, the good and the
Itaie not the brave toiler 'neath ruler of state;
For what was the power that developed our
Was it pallet and chisel, or sturdy brown
Who built the prond vessels that 6ail on the
Who leveled tke forest? who felled the great
Who drove back the savage? what won our
fair land?
Fave the might that God gave to the 6turdy
brown hand?
Who digs in the bowels of old mother earth
For tit-asure there hidden, for gems of great
Too oft for a pittance they risk life and
While they add to the store of the nation's
great wealth.
Though a man be a sculptor, a painter. or
To the toiler he freely a tribute should brinjr.
For his ruiment, his bread, all the fruit of his
Is won by the toil of the 6turdy brown har.d.
If then fair maiden when decked as a bride
"Tis the stroDg son of toil who stands by your
Fear not, for your future is safest with him,
When wealth has departed and fame has
gro'.vn dim. - - '
If his heart is as true as his strong hand is
Surely no better refuge could ever be found.
In sickness he'll be the best nurse in the
There's the tenderest touch in the sturdy
brown hand.
If poverty comes he'll meet it half way;
If death's angel carries a loved one away
He'll be strength in your weakness, a solace
in grief;
In his strong, manly faith you will find sweet
And ixt last when he's called to heaven's fair
land 1
You will lean o'er his coffin and kiss his
brown hand;
And his children who tenderly fit his last
In hife broad calloused palm will read of his
'Tis the same old. old story of toil and true
So often retold since the world first began,
That when God has a work He'd have wrought
for the land,
He ever has chosen the sturdy brown hand.
Meeting of Greely Co. Alliance.
Editor Farmers' Alliance: Our
county meeting held J une 7th was a
success as a demonstration of our num
ber and strength. Delegations from
nearly all Sub. Alliances in the county,
also Knights of Labor, met at Greely
Centre. Both associations formed in a
grand parade, and marched to a dinner
served by Alliance women. After din
ner speeches were made Mr. Bigelow of
the K. of L., and Mr. Sullivan of the
Alliance, and an article written by the
"Great Dehorner" was read. Alliance
;ongs were sang by members, while Ave
Lad a grand good time all around.
Mr. Sullivan said he served this
country during the war of the rebellion
and was proud of it, and he had now
enlisted for another struggle in the de
fense of right and justice, and he was
also proud of that. The seutimenls ex
pressed that day coincide with the gen
eral opinion of Antelope county, that
we have no more use for G. W. E. D.
The several Alliances will take part
in the celebratiqn at Greely Centre on
the Fourth, when we expect lo have
another big time. Our executive com
mittee has no doubt asked the State Sec
retar3 to send us a speaker. Hope their
petition may be granted. Greely coun
ty farmers and. laborers are to-day
nearer together in their views than ever
iefore, and by next November we think
that imaginary line will be nearly if not
fiuite erased. The Farmers' Alliance is
last getting the inside track oa the "slop
slmgers" here, antt all the curt thev
throw hereafter will fall upon them
selves. We look upon "our paper" as
ii morning star!that heralds a day which
the poor people of Nebraska call grand
-and glorious, when women and children
aieed not labor in the fields to help pay
thirty per cent interest bearing debts
sis is now the case.
Yours respectfully,
Organizer of Greely Co.
Elsewhere in this issue may be
ifonnd notice of the popular neAV Alii
since songster, issued by our Kansas
friends. It is having a marvelous sale
an Nebraska as Avell as in 'Other states
By all means secure a supply for your
Sub. Alliance. They are .genuine en
tausiasers, and no mistake.
The Alliance Songster very appro
priately devotes one page to a portrait
of the popular state president, ".Kansas
lien" Clover.
( .
armers making: "?o to ao Per Cent on
Their Investment.
your valuable paper latety I will try
and gather a few. Being in the village
of Edgar not long ago I heard some
jentlemen talking about the extrava
gance of thefarmer. The crowd of men
was composed of lawyers, doctors, wer-
chants ana bankers, lhey said the
s?arnieI.g lived too well and dressed too
well to keep out of debt, and stated that
tin Lin-ir iiHuitiy mvesiuu
Now this is
,ave Xtot mate 5 per eent on the money.
Dii'ing the live years of my farming I
have only raised one crop, and two fail
ures aud two one-third crops. This year
my small grain is hailed out, and my
corn badly damaged. From such causes
I was compelled to sell ray corn last
fall for 12c to pay 2 pr ct pr mo. on my
mortgages and notes. And there are 9
in every 10 of the farmers in the same
boat as 1 am, drifting: down stream and
capital holding the oars. During the
two failures 1 paid from 40 to 5octs. per
bushel for corn to feed my team on. If
those fellows will give me 40 cents on
the dollar invested I would be satisfied;
and to help the matter I will agree to
eat grass and wear coffee sacks a while
longer. The farmers in this vicinity
are so pressed they have to sell their
last hog to pay interest; and not one in
ten have meat to eat half of the time.
Same way with their cattle everything
has to go for interest.
With these few remarks I will stop
for this time, and hope for better times
to arrive soon.. If you consider these
items worth th'eir space please let the
farmers of Nebraska know how we are
prospering in Clay county.
Yours truly,
A Subscriber.
in the Second
Hastings, Neb., June 22, 1693.
Dear Sir and Bro.: Acting under
instructions, I am requested to notify
you that a conference will be held in
Hastings, Nebraska, on Monday, July
7th, at 1 p. m., 1890, for th purpose of
deciding what line of political actiou
should be adopted by the people's party
in this 2d congressional district. County
presidents or county secretaries, one or
two of the above named officers will be
recognized delegates in the conference,
but in such counties as have elected po
litical committies to represent their
counties, sakl committee will be the
delegates, and you are hereby requested
to immediately notify such committee
of time and place of conference. If
your county cannot send a representa
tive will you please write a line to the
secretary and express your views on the
situation. One delegate from each la
bor organization other than the Alli
ance will be allowed each order in your
county. By order of committee.
II. B.'McGaw, Sec'y,
A. C. Tompkins, Co. Organizer,
J. W. Isaac, Adams Co. Pres.,
V. Horn, Vice State Pres.
Meet at Germania Hall.
"Put None but Patriots on Guard To
Night" Grant, June 23, 1890.
Editor Alliance: Millionaires are
slaveholders. The men who keep books
and collect for them are their overseers,
and the better tney imitate feambo in
Uncle Tom's Cabin the sooner they are
Although it must be an inspiring
sight to stand on a tented field at
guard mount in time of war and watch
each regiment contribute its share of
men to guard the camp from the en
croachments of the enemy while their
comrades slumber, yet how much more
it is to take a stand to-day, un-
obstructed by old party ties, and watch
the industrial army, each factor con
tributing its portion to guard their
brothers from an ever watchful con
spiring foe, while they toil in the fields,
actories and mines. Brothers, crawl
out from under those old piles of rot
ten ties and Avatch and help cheer the
grandest marshaling of forces the world
ever witnessed. J. B. Osler.
State Alliance in Missouri to be Or
ganized by the National Alliance.
Moulton, Iowa, June 21, 1890
To T16 Officers and Members of Subordinate
Alliances in Missouri:
There Avill be a delegate Com-ention
held at Savannah, Missouri, on Wednes
day and Thursday, July lGth and 17th,
1890, for the purpose ot organizing a
State Alliance under the auspices of the
National Farmers' Alliance.
Each Subordinate 'Alliance Avill be
entitled to three delegates, aud are
urged to see that they are fully repre
sented. Send your ablest and best
The place of meeting Avas selected
Avith a view ot being the most conven
ient to the largest number of Alliances.
The first meeting will be held Wednes
day at 11:00 o'clock A. M.
Mr. N. B. Ash by, Lecturer of the
National Farmers' Alliance, will .be
present and address the Convention.
V ery truly i ours,
August Post, Secretary.
Ambition the Ruling Incentive.
Mr. Randall in the Nationalist.
Of the many criticisms that haAe been
made of Mr. Bellamy's popular work,
"Looking Backward," the general ten
or has been that it does away with free
competition and the perfect liberty of
action 01 the people, through which it is
claimed, has come the development of
the 19th century; and that to restrict
iu any Avay this liberty of action would
be to retrograde and set back the hands
upon the dial of progress, and produce
a condition of arrested development
highly injurious to humanity.
Several reA'iewers have hinted that
there is . not enough of the good
things of life for eAery one to have
abundance, and that to make anything
like an equal distribution, A ould bring
down the Avhole community to a state of
penury, Avhich would prohibit culture
ana t ne graces anu rennement or our
highest social states. Hence for the
world's good' some must be eleAated
much above their fellows, as example
and teachers, while different grades of
poverty must always exist as noAv. We
say some ha'e hinted this. Of course
they would not directly make it an ar
gument for continuing our present sys
tem. It is rather advanced for the pur
pose of showing that things are about
as good as they can be, and that it is
best to let Aveli enough arone; or at least
only to try to improve as AAre can through
general education, in a very gradual
sort of a way.
How I do not at all pretend that there
is nothing in these criticisms. . Where
there i3 smoke there must be some fire.
But truth I hold is not usually in ex
tremes, and I believe it can be made
pretty clear that after all it is not the
restraints upon liberty of action (which
have constantly increased as man
emerged from barbarous to more civi
lized states) that constitutes a Aveakness
in Mr. Bellamy's system, so much as the
fact that it does nut take into sufficient
account one of the greatest motives of
human action, which is ambition.
It i3 ambition which leads the young
to resolve to gain place and ' power.
What youth has not thrilled with the
acts of our heroes of the War of the Re
bellion, and felt the desire to emulate
them? Is it not ambition that has made
our millionaires? In every Avalk of life
the stimulation of hope to gain so-called
prizes of success has nerved the arm
and steadied the thought to more con
tinued effort. Granted that the prizes
when once obtained are but empty bub
bles; granted that it is a comparatively
Ioav motive of action; yet the world lias
not arrived at a point where duty is su
preme. It is hard to rise each dayj
perchance before daylight, to buckle on
again and again our armor and fight
life's battles as they must be fought in
order to obtain the prize; 'and it needs
all of ambition and duty as a spur. We
have many times recalled the letter of
a suicide, "found near his lifeless body:
" Tired of buttoning and unbuttoning."
His ambition quenched, what Avas there
to live for? He lay down and gave up
the struggle.
Mr. Bellamy's admirable system is
alluring, it is spiritual, but in some re
spects beyond the present deA elopment
of mankind. However, its main fea
tures I conceive are practicable now; it !
only remains for us to believe in them,
and make them a part of our daily, life.
When Ave have acquired faith, then is
the battle Avon. '
Personally I have faith in goA-ernment
supervision and control of industries,
in co-operation in labor and in the army
of labor, but not in the doing, away of
money. I do not believe in granting
each member of the community an
equal amount of supply tickets no mat
ter Avhat his ability or position. Money
should be disbursed by government ac
cording to the nature of the labor or
service performed, and great skill and
ability should command great Avages.
With government ownership of all land,
mines, factories, etc., there would be
nothing to fear from millionaires.
The thing desirable for all is equal
opportunity, so that the skilled or un
skilled, the educated or uneducated, the
wise or the stupid shall haAre a chance
to do their best and shall be renumer
ated according to their service by pecu
niary compensation and advancement
in the ranks. of labor and official rank.
Probably twenty per cent of the popula
tion under this sj'Stem Avould hold some
official position as teachers, guides, di
rectors, and heads of various depart
ments; and official rank should be
recognized by increased emoluments,
in addition to the increased respect
Avhich would belong to the station.
The prize of place and poAver Avould
be, as noAv, a stimulus to exertion and
the dream of ambition. Absolute equali
ty, except of opportunity, is chimera, it
never did .exist and never will. The
ranks of labor should be graded and
remunerated according to skill and
ability; the loAvest getting a minimum,
sufficient for his needs but not enough
to take away the incentive for greater
skill and exertion. And here let me
state that in a peaceful, well regulated
Lorniminity there could never be any
lack 01 such things as are necessary for
the well-being of man. We have to-day
sufficient for all; it i only that it is not
properly distributed; and an economic
condition in Avhich all, or nearly all,
Avould do their share of the world's
work, Avould soon make the world teem
with abundance and blossom with
Our present system takes no thought
of human needs, beyond the advantage
flowing to the individual. In practice
it is the old adage of "each for himself,
and the devil take the hindmost." The
new system would not permit extreme
wealth to the detriment of any; and,
Avhen once started it could be worked
out in a practical way for all the affairs
of life.",Some one may ask, for example,
how about authors and poets; to-day
they are enabled to sell their Avorks and
make the most they can from them;
How Avould these fare under the neAV
system? We answer, the officers or in
spectors Avould determine such as had
merit enough for goA'ernment to huy
and publish, but if one's work Avas re
iected it might still be possible to haA e
the authorities publish it at cost, and
have it sold at government repositories,
the author being credited Avith the pro
ceeds. If an author should not be suc
cessful enough to lind readers then he
Avould need to turn his attention to such
work as would bring remuneration
We think that compulsory education
for the young should contemplate not
only effective drill in the branch of la
bor or pursuit to be followed in after
life, but also in all analagous branches.
so that one would be equipped for more
than one occupation or position per
ruitting if one department was crowded
transfer to another' so that at all times
there might be Avork and remuneration
lor all.
Of course this system implies the right
to hold personal property, but not of
trading in it as a business for money
making; as goernme t Avould sell at or
near cost of production there would not
be much opportunity for that. It Avould
also recognize the right to live without
working in the army of labor if one had
means to do so. lhe time is fast ap
proaclnng when it seems as if there
must be some economic change. The
wise will forestall action, perchance
revolution or even anarchy, by helping
to evoive a new ana more suitable sys
tern lor me people s needs.
O Neill will soon be reached by the
oaort Liine tracklayers.
In General."
Crete has a population of 2,314.
The census returns give Hastings a
population of 13,630.
Edgar's mayor cast the deciding vote
last week in favor of granting saloon
license. v-. '-"''-.
The Gazette says that Plainview is
getting rf ady to awake from her Van
Winkle sleep.
V The republican county convention of
Custer county will be held at Broken
Bow, July 19. . ' . ...
Documents relative to the proposed
mail pervice between Chadron and
Pine Ridge agency have been for
warded. ' - V:. r ' '- ' -i'
- A. M. Franklin, a brakeman, had
his foot so badly crushed by the cars
at Broken Bow that amputation Was
necessary. I
Lightning struck the electric plant
in Nebraska City Saturday night and
wrecked the machinery to the extent of
$3,000. . ::.-;v .
Sterling boasts of a building boom.
At present a brick bank, a $2,500
church and a $10,000 school house are
in course of construction
..." .. i' '''-
A Knox county Presbyterian has
come to th conclusion that a man who
uses tobacco is not fit to Jick a postage
stamp, let alone preaeh the gospel.
Reports received here indicate that
Saturday's storm wasyery severe west
of Ulysses, destroying wind mills,
sheds, corn cribs, mro sting houses and
blowing them off their foundations. No
lives lost. i
The storm last Saturday niglit did
considerable damage to crops and
buildings a few miles southeast of
Dverton. Mr. Schrake's house was
unroofed and the porch torn away. Mr.
Warner's barn. was blown down. The
roof of Mr. GreenamyerV. hense was
taken off and carried some distance
and the windows badly shattered by
hail. Mr, Trimble's granary was blown
away. Peter Johnson los three horses
b5f lightning. The Crops in the storm
belt were considerably 'damaged by
hail. . . r,:v,-."jv: ,; .
Omaha special: Omaha is indus
trious clamoring for a new census
and wi!r insist that it take place at
least thirty - days Xrom "Monday. The
reason whereof is- in this: Monday
morning Mrs. S. W. Wads worth, wife
of a stone mason living on Ninth street
near Hugo street, away in the north
part of the city, presented her hus
band, as a slight token of her esteem
for him, three pretty little baby
daughters, averaging seven pounds
atnecj. The tno bid fair to enioy a
continued existence, and the announce
ment of their, coming had a distressing
effect on the north Omaha real estate
maiket. The mother had already had
three children, all boys, and the three
little crirls came in answer to her
prayer for one.
The official census returns give Iioup
City a population of 677.
The census of school children, com
pleted bv Assessor Fellis of Hastings
shows the official figures to be 2,276
children of school age, an increase of
20 per cent over 1889.
Albert Burton, a farm hand working
near uretna, m earpy cunty, was
overcome by the heat "Wednesday and
died. He was an Englishman, and
having no relatives iD the vicinity was
juried by the county.
Mrs. Jacob Gabriel of Kearney
caught a sixteen year old burglar in
he house, and after a hard struggle
shook her husband's gold watch, a gold
ring and $21 out of his pockets and
turned him over to the police.
While attending the circus at PI atts-
mouth a farmer named Ba&terholtz
purchased of a fakir for $30 a small
paper box containing $60 in glittering
gold. He retired to. a secluded spot
and upon opening the box found it
contained only a long felt want.
Four young men were convicted and
fined $1 each for distributing stale eggs
upon the person of Ray Schofield, edi
tor of the Strong reporter, while he
was making a friendly call upon a
young married lady, btow if he can
find the man who pied the type m
his office the blind eyed goddess will
be avenged.
A. H. Smith, editor of the Lyons
Mirror and a pioneer Iowau, goes back
on the prohibition state and falls dowx
before Nebraska grass in this way :
A farmer in thi vicinity who perhaps
raises more tame grass than any other
in the country, told us yesterday that
the heads of tmuthy in his meadow
would average as much as eight inches
in length, and many were as much as
twelve inches long. Where is the
Iowa man who can beat it ?"
A meeting was held at Kearney Fri
day night to arrange for the relief of
the cyclone sufferers at Pleasanton
and Sweetwater. Committees were
appointea 10 solicit aia ana a mass
meeting was called for next Sunday
night. Mayor Baker telegraphed to
Ravena to draw on him for $200. Eear
ney will do her share.
The girls of western Nebraska are re
joicing over a ruling of the general land
office which sets forth that after making
a homestead entry, a single woman may
merry without losing her claim, pro
vided she complies with the law in the
matter of residence, cultivation and im
Death on the Bail.
Helena, Mont Jaly 1. Sk. serious wrec k
occurred on the Northern Paciflo road 3 es
terday afternoon when the sleepers ot the
fast train were derailed and thrown down
an embankment near Drummond. The
passengers were thrown violently from
their seats and huddled In a maw. Miss
May a Carson of Fort Sherman, Idaho, was
Injured so bid that she died within an hour.
A dozen others wers injured and several . f,
tneiu dangerously but ihjidctans say no
more oeath wil' result. The wennded
were taken to the Northern Paolao hospital
at Missanla where very thing lsblcg done
tor ihfrm. The sleepers were quite Daoiy
Compulsory . Edncation of Indian
Washington, June 80. -The ecnaie has
passed a bill providing for the compulsory
education of Indian children. The secre
tary of the interior is directed to have a
oecfud taken of the Indian children be
tween the ages of eight and eighteen y ears
and require tue attendance of each child at
school for a j least five years. Industrial
boarding scaooli are to ba established on
every Indian reservation where tlaero are
more than five hundred Indiana and the
children from the smaller reservations are
to be sen t to t he eo tools on the nearest larger
ones. The children are to be taught me
tal labor in addition to reading, writing,
arithmetic and other rudimentary
branches. The boys are to be instructed
in agricultural pursuits and some mechan
ical trade for wnica they shall show the
greatest aptitude, and the girls are to be
instructed in b owe work, the care of poul
try and other employments suitable to
their sex. Such a bllll has been reported
favorably from the Indian committee of
the house and is on the calendar, so that it
is likely to become a law if it is reached
before the end of the session.
Some Interesting Facts.
Washington, June 29. The secretary of
the interior today sent to the senate a re
sponse to the resolution of that body di
recting him to report the cause of with
holding patents for lands within the limits
of the grant to the Union Pacific Ball ay
company, which are free from' all claims
and which was not reserved at the date of
the definite location of the company's road.
The secretary says the conclusion has been
reached that the indebtedness ot the rail
road company to the United States does
not authorize his department to withhold
the lands granted to the company and for
which lists have been filed. It in a subject
for legislative control if it can be con
trolled at all. A large portion of the lands
now nnpatented lie In the states of Kansas
and Nebraska and have already passed
into the hands of innocent purchasers
from the rauroad. company. They
being cultivated by citizens of
states for 1 arms and
on them homes of
people have been
established. Delay
in Bling these
settlers - full title to the
lands they have fully paid for and im
proved cannot be Justified. This railroad
was built in time aud iias complied, eo far
as known, with all conditions of the land
grant. No reasons remain, therefore, why I
the secretary should not proceed to de
liver to the Union Pacific company lands
which have been earned end it is his inten
tion to certify these liet3, commencing at
the eastern portion ot the unpatented
lands; in Kansas and Nabraslrs, where the
lands are agricultural, have been sold and
are in the use of actual settlers. If there
is any objection existing on the part of
congress this action may be prevented by
any resolution or act tht may be control
ling in its enect. Patents that have been
executed already by previous executive
will bo recorded. Patents will bo iesuod
on lists approved by the previous pecre
tary, and lists not yet approved will be ex
amined la due ordtr. This conclusion,
the secretary adds, is in accordance with
recommendation of the commissioner of
the sreneral land office and also with the
opinion of the assistant of the general land
department. Lists of lands selected by the
company now on file in the iaterior depart
ment, patents which have been until now
held in suspension, are said to aggregate
z,uuu,uuu acres.
Some Questions for Farmers.
Bromfield, Neb., June 20, 1890.
Editor Alliance: The farmers of
this country are on the alert for the
purpose of giving the readers of the
Alliance something worth their Avhile
ot consiaering. 1 ass the use 01 your
vaiuaDie paper to asK a iew questions.
If the farmers are working for the
pleasure there is in the business they
ought to be absolutely nappy, (at this
time of year they put in about 14 hours
a day,) but if they are working for the
money there is in it they are making a
complete failure.
Now there is a class of men in this
country that don't like to have the true
condition of western farmers discussed,
they say for the reason that the capi
talists Avill not inA est their money out
here, (just as though the capitalists did
not know Avhat this country was mort
aged for betler than the farmers do.)
.'hat class of men are ashamed of the
amount of mortgaged homes, and well
they may be. They are a disgrace to a
civilized nation. But let the truth be
known at anv cost. Noav as the greatest
complaint from the laborers of this
country is of the financial condition, I
would like to ask: rirst, if we had $.)0
per capita in circulation (instead of $0
or $8 as at present) Avould not land, its
products and labor enhance in value in
proportion to the increase of the volume
of money?
becond, 11 the aA-erage larmer pays
an indirect tax to the eastern manuiac
turers as a protection of from $40 to
$75 per annum, why not protect the
armers from the money power by the
government loaning money on real es
tate lor a per cent per annum?
Now to bring about, the state of af
fairs needed, can Ave afford to sacrifice
one of the true principles advocated by
the Alliance for the name of any party
or creed, or can we atlord to compro
mise with the devil, (as it Avere) aud act
as his imps any longer? would it not
be better for the farmers anil other la
borers to resolve to agree and com pro
mise with one another.and vote together
for their own interest, than to coinpro
raise with the old party leaders, and
vote against one another?
1 Avould like to know the uiflerence
between a traitor like Benedict Arnold
and a representative of the Americans
Avho have by the influence of British and
other capitalists sold us out to become
their slaAres, and worked to death? Or
what kind of death is most' preferred,
shot to death or worked to deaih?
Hoping the laboring class will stand
firm and never surrender, long live
the people's defender The Alliance.
B.F. McD.
1 ii
y w
The Senate.
WASHnraxoN, Jane 25. C1I arose to
dress the senate on the subject of the reso
lutions heretofore cfTired by him (and re
ported back adversely from the committee
on foreign relatione) authorizing the presi
dent to open negotiations with the Spanish
government tor tae purpose of Inducing
that goverenment to consent to the estab
lishment of a free and independent 'gov
ernment of the Island of Cuba and the
otntt in lel&tlou to the German ownership
of the bonded debt of Cuba.
When the clerk was reading the second
reouttoi Sherman arose and moved that
the doors bs cloned.
The vice nresiclent directed the galleries
cleared and the doors closed.
Qui) being thus unexpectedly cut eff fn
his defcire to make a speech before the pub
lic, said that he would wtidraw the reso
lution, bat the order to close the doors wui
instated on br fifetsrs. Khermnn Rd Ed
munds and was carried into execution.
Tae doors wero re-opened at 1.3 J, and
the senate took up the hoane bill for the
admission of Wyoming into the union as a
The bill was temporarily laid aside and
In gall s offered a resolution Instructing the
committee on privileges and elections to
Inquire into the publication in the record
today of the personal explanation by Call
and report whether it is in accordance
with the rules, etc
This led to a sharp spat, in the course ot
which Ingalls charged Call with having
"deliberately falsified tke record." He was
called to order and modified this, making
it "changed the record."
The resolution went over without action
azid the senate proceeded with the Wyom
ing admission bill, the report ot the com
mittee on territories being read.
Senators Vest and Piatt indulged 'n a
short debate, but the senate adjourned
without definite action.
Wasbdtoton, June 2d In the senate.
among the bills reported from committees
and placed on the calendar was the house
bill to authorize the secretary ot the Inte
rior to procure and submit to oongreBS pro
posals for the sale of the western part of
the Crow Indian reservation in Montana,
The resolution offered yesterday by Mr.
Call directing the secretary of the senate
to prepare a table showing the number of
bills Introduced by each senator and the
number of tnem passed, was taken up, and
Mr. Edmunds moved to lay the resolution
on the table, which was none.
The house bill tor the admission of Wy
oming as a state was then taken up and
after some discussion it was agreed that
the vote on the bill and amendments would
be proceeded with at 4 o'clock tomorrow.
The following bills were takon from the
calendar and passed: House bill to aid the
state of South Dakota to support a school ot
mineB, donating 50 per cent of the money
received from the sale of mineral land
net to exceed $12,' 00 a year nor to exceed
the amount contributed by the state.
After executive sebsion the senate ad
Washington, June 27. In the senate to
day consideration of the bill for tbe admis
sion of Wyoming as a state was resumed
and after rome debate the bill was passed
by a strict party vote yeas 29, nays J 9.
The bill declares Wyoming a etate and the
oonstitutioa which tbe people of Wyoming
formed formed for themselves be and is
accepted, ratified and confirmed. The stete
is entitled to one representative in the
Fifty-first congress. The other sections
refer to pub'io lands, provision for schools,
agricultural college, eta
The bill for the admission or Idaho went
over as unfinished business till Monday
next. ,
After an exeoutive session the senate ad
journed. -
Washxnoton, June 28 In the senate to
day a message was received from the house
asking a conference oa the silver bill It
was immediately laid before the senate and
the conference agreed to and Messrs. Sher
man, Jones of Nevada and Harris were ap
pointed as conferees on the part of the
Th calendar was taken np and a number
of bills raesed, including the senate bill
for a public building at Jacksonville, 111.,
The following bills were passed: Senate
bill to reclassify and fix the salaries of rail
WiiT Dostal clerkf : referrincr to court of
claims the claim on account ot use by the
government of te Tioe sp'rlt meter; sen
ate bill to amend the census set, providing
a penalty for giving a fee or bonus to cen
sus enumerators or supervisors or for.-re
ceiving the same.
A message was reoeived rrom tne presi
dent announcing his approval ot and slg-
natore to the dependent pension bills.
Washington, June 30. The house bill In
relation to oatha In pension and other
cases was passed.
The house bill for the admission of Idaho
as a state was then taken up for condslder
tlon. The bill having been read Mr. . Mor
rill gave nstioe that he would at the earli
est practical moment move to take np the
tariff bill. Mr. Teller remaiked that the
tariff bill could not possibly be taken np
this week, as ttte senate would probably
adjourn from Thursday till Monday and
probably the Idaho bill would not be dis
pose a ox this weeK.
lhe report naving Deeu reaa, in?
bill was temporarily laid aside and the ag
ricultural appropriation bill taken up.
Triere are a re v amendment'.
Mr. Coke moved to aad to the paragraph
fcr inveH'iirattng the history and habits of
inpects 035,000 for investigating tbe history
of and remedies for the cotton bail worm.
Agreed to aud the bill parsed.
The Icaha bill was asraln taken up and
after pome discussion it was laid artde aud
the bou joint resolution continuing the
annual appropriations thirty days atter the
clo-e of the fiscal year HI the sopropriatlon
hitia do n)t then become alaw) was passed.
The House.
Washington, June 25. In the house to
day the conference report on the naval
appropriation bill was presented.
Tho previous question was then ordered
and the oonferense report adopted.
Conger then moved that the debite on
the silver bill be extended to 3 o'clock, at
which time voting shall begin.
His motion was agreed to and a lengthy
debate ensued.
Springer moved that separate votes be
had on eaoh section, which was agreed to.
but after voting on the first section of the
bill as amended by the senate, it being non-
concurred in, the remaining sections were
r elected by a standing vote.
The house then voted that a conference
be asked with the senate on the bill.
Hltt of Illinois presented the conference
report on the diplomatic appropriation bill
and It was agreed to.
Cannon, from the committee on rn'es, re
ported back a substitute for the resolution
introduced by Lodge of Massachusetts set
ting apart five days of the present week
for the consideration of the national
tlon bill.
The substitute- provides that immedi
ately after the patsage of the silver bill
tbe houe proceed to consider the election
bill till July Sat 2 o'clock, when the prevt
NO. 3.
oisqusrtion shall be coiaidirel at or
uereu. Thi " no foterlere wfil ta
general appropriation bills.
Sprint er moved to adjourn, and Villa
shouted, "Tola Is a bill to revolattoaUe th
government" , . .
Fnally it was agreed to allow forty tmm
utes debate on tbe resolution, with tfre w
demanding that the preyta question tMid
be considered ord- red. and dprinjeer with
drew his motion to wdjonrn.
MoMillin and Bluot vigorously attacke
the hill, and from thlf trae on there wu
great oonfnsion on the floor.
Cannon and O'Neall of Indiana tn-rtct
In a oolkqny somewhat eronaI, acid UiU
added so much to the already exlat tin dis
order that the sergeant a arm, oanw for
ward with his mace f offioe and rrUre
Srrinrer moved to tnbls the reovution.
Oa a vea and ry vote this was Iot
yean 11G, nays 113. 0 tcman et Lonttes
being tae only repubucaa who voted, wttik
tb democrats.
Tbe resolution was then adopted.
After arranging to meet at 11 o'olock for
the fix days during wMoa tbe dubate will
continue the house adjourned.
Washington, June 16 In the hcuw
upon motion of Mr. Dunneli of Mnowoit,
the house bill with the senate amendment
authorizing the construction of a bridge
across the Mississippi river at WLoxmmv
Minn., paesed.
The house bill wa patted" granting AC
teen dayt- leave to clerks In first and second-class
The regular order being demanded He
Lodge ot Massachusetts began- the bebaae
upon the national eleotlon bill.
He was followed ,by Mr. Hemphill ot
South Carolina, he being eongratciktedl
upon its ineilte by his friends. A nomkr
of other representatives spoke oa the uit
Ject, but after non-concurring In the orn
ate amendments to the postoffloe appro
priation bill, the house adjourned.
Washington, June 27. In the house to
day Mr. Dockery entered a motion to i
oonsider th vote by which the pMa
clerks bill, passed, leaving it pending for
tke present
Consideration of the election 11 vrac
then resumed and after considerable ce.
bate the house took up .the ooafereaoe re
port on the legislative 'appropriation ntl!
and further conference, on some anteor
point, was ordered.
The speaker announced the appotntnaea&
ot Messrs. Conger, Walker and Bland con
ferees on the silver bill. Orders wre tat
tered setting apart Saturday and kC oaday
nights for debate on the election MIL
At the evening session the house pMmt
105 pension bills and adjourned at 1(1:3
p. m.
Washington, June 23. When the houm
met this mording Ealoe of Tenaeacn
moved to correct the Journal so as fo strike
therefrom the titles of a number of private
pension bills passed by the houaa leas
He claimed that the bills were passed be
fore the house went into committee of that
whole and were not properly before the
house. The house, however, refused to
agreo to his motion, so the bills stand a
pa Bed.
The house then went into committee oc
the whole cn the federal eleotlon bliL
The debate lasted till reoeae, and after
convening again the discussion we eontf
ued until 11:80, when the house adjsurrjod.
Washington, June 80. In the house to
day Mr. Breokenrldge ot Eentnck present
ed the credentials of W. W. Dickenaoa en
representative-eleot to fill the vacancy oa
catioaed by the resignation cf Me. Cr
liaie.. Mr. Dickenson then took the oath o t
The debate on the federal election, bill
was then resumed until recess. After re
convening the debate was continued anUL
11:35, when the house adjourned.
National Capital Notea.
Washington, Jane 3d Represextxtlr
Laws today Introduced ablll providlaar Cue
the appointment by the president of a.
o 3m mission consisting of five persona ha
make an Impartial and thorough tnveatf.
gation ot social vice In all ita phaeea hm.
relation to 'abor and wages, marriage aed
divorce and the general welfare of the
people. f
Captain Etbeu, president of the booxA
appointed to try the cruiser Philadelphia
reports that the vessel male an average
spesd of nineteen and one half kaota per
hour over a forty mile course, and eowae
quently had mors than mat her contract
requirements. He said he would snbeatt a
written report on the sub ject tomorrow.
His report insures tne acceptance of tfc
Philadelphia and guarantees her construct
ors the premium of i 100,000. They made
an informal application tor another trial,
bnt the department practically deotdeal
that they must stand by the record of the
first trial.
It if estimated at the treasury depart
ment that there has been a deoreeot" fl.
CUH) 000 In the pnbllo debt since Jaeel.
Thi4 makes the total decrease for the fLseel
year 987,800,000. as against 114,000,000 tor
the previous fisoal year.
Senator Paddock tody succeeded in se
curing the endorsement of the senate txxaw
mlttee on public lands of a propnUtfena
made by him to submit as an aaandoa;nt
to the sundry civil appropriation Mil him
bi'l decreasing the appropriation fw th
geological snrvey from 70i,,)to fSOiM
and making ic applicable forsurveyn,mtcr--voirs,
channels, ditches and not for a mat-
vey all over to arid plains ot tbe eenabry,.
and annulling tho act which withdrew
from public entry all arid lands. The latter
act has had or will have tbe effect ot keep
ing lm migration out of a vast portion f
the public domain.
During tbe course of a brilliant pg
in the senate this afternoon In favor ctrs
Idaho statehood bill Mr. CuHom of Iltfnefe
paid a handsome tribute to Nebrk aad
rer great mart. Omaha. He said: ro!k at
Nehrack", admitted lo the union March 1
1837, with an estimated population ot -COO,
with Its eastern border upon the Si hu
so urt river. The state has grown rapidly
in population and wealth until lta forma
are sufficient to fill the granrte ot the
world and its greatest city, Omaha, cow
pares in magnificence with the rnoatet
and oldest cities of te union."
A Panic.
London, June 80. A Buenos Ayresf ear
respondent of the Tlc?es telegrapha that
the National bank of Buenos Ayrea anaw
pended payment Saturday, and that the
shares of tne bank fell from 168 to lvr
cases at 118 A panto was created
bourse at Buenos Ayrea, and a arari.
feeling of distrait prevald. Oold ir
commands a premium of 141
Chinese to be Importet.
San FaANCisco, June 29. A local prac
says a large number of Chinamen are t be
imported to work in the proj&otrd fiu-
ies west of the coast of Mexico. Ik la al
proposed to construct a railroad from tbe
west coast to theOlty of M x'co.and tbJa
lean consul understands that a move
1 is on foot to build a road through tn vca
; Crc a competing with vlowtagua oaaev. FaXf
i eight thousand chinamen will br tmjiwkjc:
to do work on mis road.