The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892, May 31, 1890, Image 1

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i V
NO. 50.
cyrv Av rn rn
W W t 1
'A. - -
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t .
Clear the Way.
Men of thought be up and doing
Night and dar'.
Sow the seed, withdraw the curtain,
Clear the way,'
"Men of ao-tictj, aid and cheer them.
As ye may!
There's a fount about to stream ;
"There's a light about to beam:
There's a warmth about to glow;
There's a ilowtr about to blow;
There's a xnklnUht darkness changing
Into gray;
"Men of thought and men of action,
Clear the way:
Once the welcome light has broken.
Who shall say '
'What the unimagined glories
Of the day ?
What the evil that shall perish
In its ray?
Aid the dawninr, tongue and pen;
.Aid it, topes of honest men ;'
-Aid it, paper, aid it, type;
Aid it, lor the hour is ripe;
.And our earnest must not slacken
Into play.
I3Uen of thought and men of action,
Clear the way'.
Xo! a cloud about to v anish '
From the day;
:i.o! the right's about to conquer
Clear the way '
.And a brazen wrong to crumble
Into clay.
With that .rig lit shall many more
Enter smiling at the door;
"With the giant wrong shall fall
.Many others, great and small.
That lor ages long have held us
For their prey.
JVleu of thought and men of action.
Clear the way!
Talmas Ta'kj oa tas Great Labor Ques
tion of the Day.
He Congratulates the Laboring Man on His
Xrcspects, and Advises the Capitalist to
Make Investments for Eternity But Mark
the Goldan Kulo.
The sub'ect of Dr. Talmage's sermon of
3ast Sunday va3 "The Old Fight to be
453etUetL"..f'om. the text, "Whatsoever ya
would that men should do-j you, do ye
. -even so to them." ( Matt 7 : l!i. )
Two hundred and fifty thousand labor
ers in Hyde Park, London, and the street
of American and European cit es filled with
T?roces3ion3 of workmen carrying banners,
brings the subject of Labor and Capital to
the front. That all this was dona in peace,
end that as a result in many places, arbi
tration has taken plac a hop3f ul sign.
The greatest war the Avorld has ever seen
is between capital and labor. The strife i3
not like that which in history is called the
Thirty Years' War, for it is a war of cen
turies. It is a war ot thi fivj continents, it is
a war hemispheric. The middle classes
in this country, upon whom the nation has
.depended for holdiug the balance of power
and for acting as mediators between ths
two extremes, are dimishing, and if things
go- on at the same ratio as they have for the
Jast twenty years been going on, it will
mot be long belore there will be no middle
tlass in this country, but all will be very
rich or very poor, princes or paupers, and
the country will be given up to palaces and
hovel 3.
The antagonistic forces have aga'n and
again tlosed in upon each othjr. You may
ipeoh-pooh it; you may say that this trouble,
i ko an angry child, will cry itself to sleep;
you may belittlo it by calling it Fourier
asm, or Socialism, or St. Simonism, or
Nihilism, or Communism, but that will
sot hinder the fact that it is trie
mightiest, the darkest, the most terrific
hreat of this century. Most of the at
vmpt3 at pacification have been dead fail
ures, and monopoly is mora arrogant, and
the trades uuion3 mora b tter. ' Give us
sioro wages." cry the employes. "You
Hitidll have lcs3," say the capitalists. 'Com
- sel us to do fewer hours of toil in a day."
'You shall toil more hours," say tha oth
ers. 'Then, under certain conditions, we
will not work at oil," say those. Then
you shall starve," say those, and the work
men gradua'ly using up tint which they
-accumulated in better times, unless there
$e some radical change, wa shall have soon
In this country three million tiu lgry men
and women. Now, three million hungry
people can not be kept quiet. All the
fcnactmsnts of legislatures and all the con
stabularies of the citiei, and all tha army
nd navy ot the United States cannot keep
"tares million hungry people quiet. What
then? Will this war between capital and
lbor be settled by human wisdom? Never.
"The brow of the one becomes mora rigid,
-the fist of the other more clinchel.
But that whi.h human wisdom cannot
achieve will be acooaiplisaed by Christian
ity if it be given full sway. You have heard
.of medicines so powerful that one drop
-would stop a disease and restore a pat'ent;
-and I have to tell you that oae drop of my
text properly admin stored will stop all
these woes of society and give convales
cence anl complete health to all classes.
" v hatsoever ye wouid that men should
-do to you, do ye even so to them."
I shall first show you thu morning how
this controversy between monopoly md
liard work cannot be stopped, anl then
will show you how this coutrovorsy will be
Futile remedies. In the first place thero
-will come r o pacinoatioa to th.s trouble
-through an outcry against r.cJi mn merely
because they are rich. Therj is no labor
ing man on earth that would not be if
heouid be. Sometimes turoagh a fortu
rtate invoation, or through some aecidarrtof
prosperity, a inan wtiu had nothing comes
lo large estate, and we sea him arrogant
und supercilious, and taking people by .the
throat just as otucr peope took him by the
throat. Taera is something very mean
-about human nature when it conies to the
'top. liut it is no more sin to ba rich than
it is a sin to ba po r. There ara those who
tiave gathered a great estata through
fraud, and then taera are millionaires who
have gathered their fortune through fora-
sight in regard to change in th?
markets, and through brilliant b-si
ness faculty, and every dollar of
their estate is as honest as the
. dollar waiih the plumber gats for mnd
ing a pipe, or the m ison gets for bmldln? a
wall. 1 here are triose who keep In poverty
because of their own fault. They might
'have been well off, but they smoked or
I .chewed up th;ir earnings, or they lived be-
yona their me ins, while others on the
same w ig j and on the same salaries went
o i to competency. I kuo.v a m in who i
all the time c m.daininjof hi poverty and
cryinsr out Against rich men, white he him
self keeps two dogs, and chewj and
smokes, an 1 is fillad to the chin with
vh'sky and bwr!
Neither will the contest be settled bv
cynical and unymp tthetirj treatment of
the laboring classes. There are thos3 who
speak of hem us tnough they were only
cattle or draught-horses. Their nerves are
nothing; th ir domestic comfort is noth- I
iug; their happiness is nothing. They have
no mora sympathy for them than a hound
hns'for a hare, cr a hawk for a hen, or a
tiger for a elf. When Jean Valje-tn, the
greatest hero of Victor Hugo's writings,
after a 1 o of suffering and great endur
since, proa into incarceration and death,
they ;.ai the book shut an t say, "Good
for him!"' They st imp the r feet with in
dignation and siy ju3t the oposite of "Save
the wo; k ng classes." They have all the;r
sympathies with Shylock, and not with
Antonio and Portia. 'J hjy ara plutocrats,
and their feelings are infernal. Thay are
filled with irritation and irascibility on this
subject. To stop this awful imbroglio be
tween capital and labor they will lift not
so much as the tip end of tha little finger.
In this country the torh' put to the fac
tories that have discharged hands for good
or bad reason ; otstructions on the rail-track
in front of midnigat exp eis trains because
the offenders do not like the president of
tho company; strikes on shipboard the hour
they were going to sail, or in printing-ofU es
the hour, the paper was to go to press, or in
mines the day the coal was to ba delivered,
or on house scaffoldings so the builder fails
in keeping his contract all these are only
a hard blow on the he id of American labor,
aud cripple its arms, and lame its feet, and
pierce its heart. As a result oT one of our
great American strikes you find that the
operatives lost four hundred thousand
dollars' worth of wage3, and have had poor
er wages ever since. Traps sprung sud
denly upon employe's, and violence, never
took one knot out of the knuckle of toil, or
put one farthing of wages into a callous
palm. Barbarism will never cure the
wrongs of civilization Mark that!
Well, if this controversy between Capital
and Labor cannot ba settle 1" by human
w sdom, it is time for us to look somewhere
eisa for relief, and it point3 from my text
rose tte and jubilant, and puts ono hand on
the broadcloth shoulder of Capital, und
puts the other hand on the ho uespun-cov
ered shoulder of Toil, and says, with a
voice that will grandly and gloriously
settle this, anl sattle everything, "What
soever ye woull that men should do to you,
do ye even so to them " That is, the lady
of the household will say : 'I must treat
the maid in the kitchen just as I would
ike to be treated if I were down-stairs,
and it were mv work to wash, and cook.
and sweep, and if were tha duty of the
maid in the kitchen to preside in this par
lor." Tha maid in the kitchen must say:
If my employer seems to 'hi moro pros
perous than I, that is no fault of hers; I
shall not treat Jiecas-Ain-enemy- Iwl.l
have the same industry and fidelity down
stairs as I wo ;ld expect from my sub
ordinates, if I happened to- be the wife of a
silk imporier."
The owner of an iron mill, having taken
a dose of my text befora laaving noma in
the morning, will go into his foundry, anl
passing into what is called the puddiing
room, he will see a man there stripped to
the waist, and besweatel and exhausted
with the labor and the toil, and he will say
to him: " Why, it seems to be very hot in
here. You look very much exhausted. I
hear your child is sick with soar et fever.
If you want your wages a little earlier tais
week, so as lo pay the nurse ard get the
medicines, just coma into my oSica an.
After awhile, crash goas tha moaay mar
ket and t acre ;s no mora dauian i for tha
articles manufacture! in that iron iniii.
and the o vner does not know what to da.
He says, "Shall I stop the mill, or shall i
ran it on half-time, or shall I cut down tho
mens' wages z" no walks the floor or bu
ccuu ting-room all day. hardly knowing
what to do. Toward evening he calls all
the laborers together. They stand aT
round, some with arms akimjo, some
with folded arms, wondering what th
boss is going to do , now. Th3 manufac
turer says: " vlen, business is bad; I don't
maka twenty dollars whera I used to maka
one hundred. Somehow, there is
no demand now for what wa manufacture,
or but little demanl. You saa, 1 am a.
vast expense, anl I have called yon togeth
er this aft&.'noan to sae wnat yoi woull
advise. I don't want to shut up the milL
because that would force you out of work.
and you have always baan very faithful,
and I like you, and yon seem to like me,
and the bairns must be looked after, anl
your wife will after awhile want a new
dress. I don't know what t do."
There is a dead halt for a minute or two,
and then ona of thi workmen step3 out
from the ranks of his fellow i. anl says:
"Boss, you have bean very goal to us, and
when you prospared we prospered, aad.aoyr
you are in a ..tight , pluca, .ani I am sorry,
and we have got to sympathize with yoa.
don't know how tha others feal, but
propose that we take off twenty pjr cent.
from our wages, and that when the times
get good you will rememaber us anl raise
them again." Tha workman looks around
to his comrades, and says: "Boys, what do
yoa say to this I All in favor of my propo
sition will . say ay. ' "Ay I ay I ayl"
shout two hundred voices.
But the mill-owner, getting in some new
machinery, exposes hims.-ir very macn, and
takes cold, anl it settles into pneumonia,
and ha dies. In the procession to the tomb
are all the workmen, tears rolling down
their cheek3, and off upon the ground; but
an hour before the proue33loa gits to tha
cemetery tha wives and tha children of thoa
workmen are at tha grave waiting for th?
arrival of the funeral pageant. The min
ister of religion mvr have daliverod an
eloquent euloium bafora tha1 started from
the house, but the most impressive thinzi
are said that day by the working-classas
standing around the tomb. ,
That night in all the cabins of tha work-
'ng-peoplc where thay nave family prayer,
j widawaood and tha orphanage ia tua
mansion are romembarad. No glaring
populat on3 look oyer the iron fence of tea
cemetery; but, hovering ovor tha seen 3,
the ben;diction of Golund man is comin
tor tha fulfillment of thi Chriitiika injunc-
. AX f If I .....
uon, -vvaax.so3ver ye would that mac
should do to you, do yo even so to tliam."
"Oh," says soma man here, "that is all
Utopian, tint is apocryphal, that is impoi
3ibl3." No, I cut out of a papir this:
"Ona of the pleasanta3t incidents records!
In a long tima is reported from ShaSdald,
England. The wages of t ie mm in tha
iron-wonts ai rme-uaiu ara regulate a oy a
board of arbitration, b w .oa decision
both masters anl man ara boaid. For soma
time past the iron and s;o A Ira la has b3en
oxtremely unprotitab.e, an 1 tha employer
cannot, without muca urn pay tha v w.sgas
fixed by tho board, whio t ne tha.- employ
ers nor emplo. el have t ie powar to change.
To avoid this difficulty, tha workman in on 3
of theiarget 8t;el-vvorki in Sheiliall hit
upon a dovico as rara as it -v is generous
They offered to wor.c for their employers
one week without any pay whaterer. How
much better that p an i3 than ' a strike
would ba" ;
But you go with me and I will show yoa
not so far off as Sheffield, England fac
tories, b mking-houses, store-houses, and
costly enterprises where this Christ-like
injunction .is kept, and yoa could no more
get the employer to practice an injustice
upon his men, or the men to conspire
against the employar, than you could get
your right hand and your left hand, youi
right eye and 3rouf left eye, your right eat !
and your left ear. Into physiological antag-1
oni3m. Now, where is this to begin! Ii
our homes, in our stores, on our farm3 j
not waiting for other people to do their j
duty. Is thero a divergence now between ;
the parlor and the kitchen) Then thero ia
omethin wrong, either in the parlor or
the kitchm, perhaps in both. Are the
clerks in your store irate against tha firm?
Then there is something wrong, eithar ba
hind the counts r, or ia the private office,
or perhaps in both.
Supply and Dem md ows tho largest mill
on earth, an I all the rivers roll over their
wheel, and into their hopper thay put all
the men, wjmen, and children they can
shovel out of tha centuries aud tha blood
and the bones redden the valley waile tha
mill grinds. That diabolic law of supply and
demand will yet have to stand as de, and in
stead thereof will come the law of love, th
law of i o-operation, the law of kindness,
the law of sympathy, the law of Christ.
Have you no idea of the coming of such
a timet Then you do not believe tha
Bible. All the Bible is fu 1 of promises on
this subject, and as the ages roll on the
time will come when men of fortune will
be giving larger sums to humanitarian and
evangelistia purposes, and there will be
more James Lenoxes and Feter coopers
and William E. Dodges and George Pea-
bodys. , As that time comes there will be
more parks, more picture-galleries, more
gardens thrown open for the holiday peo
ple and the work ing-classes.
And now I have two words, one to capi
talists and the other to laboring men.
To capitalists: Be your own executom.
Make investments for eternity. Do not be
like soma capitalists I know who walk
around among their employes with a super
cilious air, or drive up to the factory In a
manner which seems to indicate they are
the autocrat of the universe with the sun
and the moon in their vest pockets, chiefly
anxious when they go among laboring men
not to be touched by the greasy or smirched
hand and have their broadcloth injured.
Be a Christian employer. Remember, those
who are under your cnarge are bone of yo:n
bone end flesh of your flesh, that Jesus died
for them and that they are immortal.
Divide up your estates, or portions ol
them, for the relief of the world, be
fore you leave it. Do not go out of thi
world like that man who died eight or ten
years ago, leaving in his will twenty mil
lion dollars, jet giving how mu-w'h for the
Church of God how much for the allevi
ation of human suffaring He gave some
money a tittie while bafore he died. That
was well; but in all this will of twenty
million dollars, how much?. Ono miiiien
No. Fiva hundred thousand? No. One
Hundred dollars? No. Two cents! No.
One cent? No. These great cities groan
ing in anguish, nations crying out for tha
bread of everlasting life. A man In a will
giving twenty millions of dollars and not
one cent to God! It is a disgrace to our
To laboring men: I congratulata you on
your prospects. I congratulate you on tha
fact that you are getting your representa
tives at Albany, at Harrlsburgh, and at
Washington. This will go on until you
will have representatives at all the head
quarters, and you will nava full justice.
Mark that. I congratulate you also on
the opportunities for your children. Your
children are going to have va3t opportuni
ties. 1 congratulate you have to
work and that when you are dead your
children will have to work. I congratulate
you also on your opportunities of inform i
tlon. Plato paid ona thousanl three hun
dred dollars for two books. Jerome ruined
himself, financially, by buying one volume
of Origen. . What vast opportunities for in
telligence for you and your children I A
workingman goes along by the show win
dow of some great publishing house and
he sacs a book that costs five dollars. He
says, "I wish J could have that informa
tion;! wish I could raise five dollars for
that costly and beautiful book." A few
months pass on and he gets , the value of
that book for fifty cent3 in a pamphlet.
There never was su3h a day for the work
ing men of America as the day that is com
But the greatest Friend of capitalist and
toiler, and the One who will yet bring them
together in complete accord, was born one
Christmas night while the curtains of
heaven swung, stirred by th3 winjrs angelic
Owner of ail things all tbe continents,
all worlds, and all the islands of light.
Capitalist of immensity, crossing over to
our condition. Coming into our world, not
by gata of palace, but by door of barn.
Spending His first night amid the shep
herds. Gathering afterward around Him
the fishermen-' to be His chief attendants.
AVith ad2e,and saw, and chisel, and are, and
in a carpenter shop showing himself broth
er with the tradesmen. Owner of all
things, and yet on a hillock back of Jerusa
lem one day resigning everything for
others, keeping not so much as a shekel U
pay for His obsequies. By charity buried
in the suburbs of a city that had cas"
Him out. Before the cross of such t
capitalist, and such. a carpanter, all met
cr.n afford to shaka hands and worship.
Here is the evry man's Christ. Nono s
high, but He was higher. None so poor,
but He was poorer. At His feet tha hostile
extremes will yet renouuee their animosi
ti'js, and countenances which have glower
ed with the prejudices and revenge of cen
turies shall brighten with the smile ol
heaven as He commands: "vVhat&oevei
ye would that men should do to you. do yt
even so to tha
A New Legislative Trick.
TBKHroit, N. J., May 22. Assemblymen
Reuben Trier of Newark is more talked
about now than anybody else ia the state.
He has played a prank on the legislature
which has ledt o confusion and commotion
and created a general sensation. On Mon
day night he ran away with the engrossed
oopy of tbe Ne vwk ftevat"; rail wey bill
Since then he has not be.c Been here and
neither has he f-ent the bill to the houfee.
Tfce house ordered him a chairman cf the
committee on muniaipaL corp'rations to
report the MIL As soon as the order was
issued Trier left tha chamber, saying he
was going to the governor on noma bui
ness. Instead of doing thaV he took the
first train for his home in Newark T.he
house has been in a tuoiuit over his disap
pearance ever since. Resolution after res
olution was offered declaring nlm in con
empt and direatlng tha sergaant-at-arms
ogoinuirjtof aal'ta'ti nln lat ens
ody and briar him sforn fu hius. Ha
annoli bi tonal A.gfsl dal of money
la Interested in the defeat of the bill.
Mx. and Mrs. Peter Slack of Maple
r-i i r t- n a '
jreeir, .uoage county, nave a genuine
prodigy in a twenty -months-old
daughter who can carry a tune through
with ease. Music is as natural to her
as her breath.
H) Writes or Some Ity.eretitifc Rail
road History How tho Present
Antf-Ratlioad Movement Got its
Start The Demand for Cheaper
Rates. ."; :; f; l';.
To the Editor of The EnterpriM.
At Lincoln on the 21st inst., the al
leged boards of trade :of Lincoln end j
Hastings put in an appearance, under
the tutelage of the railroads, to show
that rates were all right and everybody
satisfied, and to show up the so-called
damnable meanness of Gen. Leese in
wanting Iowa rates. Let me state a
fewr facts on which hangs a true story,
and I challenge tba parties interested
to deny one siDgle allegation I make.
In 1887 Omaha was the ono favored
distributing point in " Nebraska. The
boom had struck Lincoln, and she
awoke to the possibilities open to her
as a distributing point if she could only
get rates. ' . ' ...
A committee oi ways and means was
formed to devise a line of action and
. ..... .3
data on which to make a kick for rates
in equality with Omaha.
The best business men and brains of
Lincoln crystalized into a board of
trade and freight bureau, and, remem
bering John Utt who used to be with
the A. & N. when she made such low
rates into Lincoln, it was proposed
that he be secured to fight for and ad
vise the board. He was hired to come
from Cedar Rapids, Iowa, and then
the music began.
Tbe Cudiys of Chicago and Milwau
kee were contemplating starting pack
ing houses in the west, and the Lin
coln stock yards wanted to : secure
them. Hon. John Fitzgerald about
completed arrangements to get them,
but by the quiet work of Holdrege and
John Mc Shane, the Cudiys- were ad
vised that Lincoln was "a good place
for schools, but a poor place for busi
ness, and the quiet ink of the auto
crat, Holdrege, decided the matter and
the Lincoln Stock Yards company and
Lincoln put their hand on the ilea,. an,d
it had floflrn to Omaha.
This made even the Hon. John R. j
Clark and Fitzgerald mad, and they
put Tip their good stuff to see if Lin
coln could not win some of the posi
tion she ought to have. A hue and cry
was raised in Liucoln and the railways
were ready to show what vast sums it
cost to" build a "road and now poor they
were, an I were willing to meet the
bard of transportation to deliberate
On the 28th of June, 1888, a meet
ing was called to determine why rates
should not be reduced and on that
date the meeting was held in the east
room of the capitol. Some twenty
five of the leading business men of
Omaha came on a special car
with George W. Holdrege and Kirn
bill, of the Union Pacific outfit.
The programme as laid out was that
the business men should present t'leir
case and the railways afterward, then a
general talk be had. What was my
amazement to see the president of the
Omaha board of trade rise in all his
Omahog grandeur and read a lo jg set
of resolutions and whereases tending
to show what a terrible thing it would
be to have rates reduced, values dis
turbed, etc. Stool pigeons were caged
from Fremont, Beatrice, Hastings and
North Platte, bearing out parrot songs
of like nature. Hon. Mr. Raymond,
president of our board, was present
and was not quite sard after all our
ight and experience preceding this
bit what rates were all right. John
Utt, our secretary of freight bureau,
said he had nothing to say. Then the
roads opened up, and a notorious rail-,
road capper from Hastings got up and
told an insulting story reflecting on
the action of the state board for c alling
the meeting which was applauded to
the echo by the heavy shippers pres
ent, and among them in the front rows
was a big smooth, red-faced alder
manic bodied individual who was
awfully tickled. I did not know him,
but from his active working supposed
his shipments must run into the mil
lions. I afterwards learned he was a
hotel keeper at Hastfngs and a ward
striker by the name of xsostwich and
the only thing he ever shipped was his
inflated paunch, and he invariably
shipped that on a pass. I began to
get mad about this time, and it came
dinner time, and I asked John Utt
why he did not say something. He
said, "It's no use. They have it all
cut and dried; just .as well keep
quiet." I wrote out a few lines at din
ner time, and coming back at 2 o'clock
told Raymond I was going to kick. He
said I better not. I thought different,
and believing that the only way to get
anything oi a bashful, shrinking outfit
like the railways was to ask for it,
with a long string that I could pull
upon. I at once jumped from a call
for rates for Lincoln to a demand for
rates for Nebraska. I kept quiet as
Mr. Raymond advised I had oetter-
thesame way Mr. Bostwick kept tav
ern and acted as shipper and rea
soned with them as follows :
Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the
Board 1 wonld like to say a tew words
not as a business man ; ot p. a a farmer;
not as a selfish, narro minded creature,
tue toot or some iccai clique or Hired re pre
sentatlve. The question before tbe board
is "ohaii the freight rates be reduce?" Re
duced from what t. Why from a rate dic
tated by men who have help the power to
dictate as high ac their selfish greed would
allow. You were appointed for the express
purpose of arbitrating: and fixing such rates
as would be just. Aud in pursuance of a
way or aeieimming . a just rate wnat a
spectacle do we see ! The representative
men of Omaha arrayed here In all their
power witn emootn tongue a arguments
aainst reeucing a rate 100 f er cent above
a rate declared by the Intelligence and jas-
tiee ox iowaaj usu ana rair rate. To a man
i o by nature more a nosr than human.
lb, a exhibition of selfish gail ard truckling
o tne railway interest Decause of the .sub-
Kihntial benefits tnev derive from a union
of canse with the railway the parties who
are endeavoring to maintain their throt
ilii g hold upon the people of this country
M?ch an exhibition I ray ought to make a
true man blush with shame for his species.
When the chairman called upon the mer
chants and business men to represent toelr
ease what did we set? Why the usually
moaest business man irom Omaba with a
eat and dried resolution substantially set
ting forth the face tbat they were taken
Cftft) of
They say reduction will stop railway
building ard eastern capital seeking this
country. They mean that the east wants
usury ot tbls agricultural conniry.ana i say
we better not have their capita), exotpt ts
wa crat It. nut nf th fields of onr rici soli in
exchange for our products carried to their
aoors as reasonaoie rarea, wiuiuuii ueiuij
fi'tered through the magnanimous hands
of our Omaha" frieucs.
Some generous representatira of Hast
ings Kindly informs, you than the farmer
maxes in tne ednaaoement ol his a arm uy
tha haHdlnc of i,ne roads more tnan he
loses in five or t?n years.
. . . . ti .r, i M J - . .j.J
wnat are tue iaoor m urm ia uonaou
to build the road. His farm raises in valae
163 rer cent. The farmer then lsays tne
railway 100 to 200 per cent each year on
tne fruit ot nts laoocs more man n ougas
to get hi grain moved for ten years.
The arguments used that radaced rates
do not help this country is the same as
used by tne Slave noiaer w;nn muuuun
ing that the nigger was better off in bond
than whnn frefl and if I mistake not.
it will have the same weight in shaping
. . . a m .1 a. -I V
tne nnamg ox tnis Doara as mat wovi'a. a
am not a speaker and tbls is my maiden
fTnrt. Hnsi T alrm nance some srood
men have who are luke warm to tbe inter
est of this community and state k couta
nrobablv do nw more to actuate your de
liberations in this matter taan has Deen
done now. I can assure you there is a
silent ii fluence and though c on this mat
ter thronghoat the . state that is intently
w&tohintr tha findintrs vou make, srentle-
men, and 1 have confidence and fully be
lieve you will consider the silen c voices
scattered over tnis state as fully ae you
hearken to the united cqaeallngs and
pleadings before you now.
Who is there here to represent the inter
ests of consumers in this country wh to
represent the protective interests of tbf
wealth producing tollers of the state;
Virtually nothing is arrayed against t!&e
array of distinguished attorneys and em
ployers oi tne otuer biub. jui, oiiucuiau,
I am wrong in this last: your own lnteg-
ri'v is here as the representative ot the
unbiased interests and the unrepresented
Interest the farmers and mechanic, and
work day people, trust you and rely on
your loyalty to them, and I do not believe
tnev will be oetxayea.
- -mm i aT
General Leese seemed to tnink l
was getting down to business, and so
did the railroad eraner. General Laws
and General Leese and Willard voted
to reduce the rates, notwithstanding
there was but one goose cackled in the
broach. Laws afterwards made a trip
to the Pacific coast and thought batter
of his resolution and went back on
Leese. "Willard went oat of office. I
kept writing a few letters as one whelp
and another would bob up for the rail
roads, and Lincoln now has rates just
as John Utt says in his statement of
the 21st inst. "
'Lincoln ?M h5"helrT from the ' bal
ance of the state, and I suppose on the
same principle that was shown in 1888,
"Let the devil take the hindmost."
that she does all right now to join with
the railroads in stopping tne cry ur
rates. I write this letter to show what
a broad view General Leese took of the
demand for Letter rates, and has in
season and out of season stood by the
state for rates. I am for rates for
Kearney on a par with incoln, in
rates for a circle of 100 miles.
I am for rates for Nebraska distance
tariff tho same as Iowa. Let the peo
ple of the Third district sf e tha. Leese
is sustained. The grand Cowdry
hippodrome of the 21st, when the same
brass collared person told tne pnysi
ciau'd story in 1888 and in 1800, ia
sulted Gen. Leese again and called
him a liar when one of the railroad
leaders had to corroborate Leese. Let
the people see that this gentleman,
Mr. Dietrich, is put DacK into nis
Hastings board of trade hole as cap
per for Holdrege. I was for Leese in
1888 a id I am for him more so now.
Gentlemen of the state of Nebraska,
if you want to get pay for your ox
that is gored by the railroad gang, it
von pxnect to catch the sheen-killing
dogs that feed on the railroad crumbs.
you must work to do it.
Mr. Utt savs the JLancoin oc ues
Moines railway would cost $25,000 a
mile. He gave me ngures and ficta
showing that half that amount would
do it, and also how it would be made
to cost $25,000, and I am betraying no
confidence in showing this up either.
A Bitter Fight.
Chicago, May 22. The carpenters' strike
is developing into a bitter fight between
the old bcaseb' association and the carpen
ters council, in which each side will use
everr means in its power to defeat the oth
er. Said J. W. Woodward of the executive
committee of the carpenters' and builders
association today: A sub-commit cee today
retained Lawyer C. M. Hardy, and will at
tack the pickets and their employers in the
carpenters' council ir -he courts. We will
adopt whatever action may be advised ty
at,.. offnmoTr T n.m nf tha onlnlon ttiat nro-
ceedinffs will be began in the United States
. - . . . 3 1 1 4.
court dv suing one an mjauoiiun kius
the strike committed and the carpenters'
council to restrain it ana na mu&ews um
f mtarfarrincr with niir man. Then. too. we
may prosecute them criminally undar tho
Merritt conspiracy iaw.
t w riaaaai rt t.h nlri aRiioolatlon has ba-
come wearied of securing gangs of non-
nninn man nnlT tn nave tnem driven awav
from his jobs by tha strikers' "pt'!ketB-"
Mr. Casoel learned the names of tbe mea-
beis of the committee ani tnis aioernoon
urAra dill t. TMTtlYTAYl a for thmr arrest on
charges of intimidation. I'Tbe whole west
ide is terrorized by these maraud'. r.
Nothing can be done, nd I am not going
to stana it any lonifer, eaia mr.
The carpenters' council has sent the fol
lAm4nnnHnH tn fill r.IHfH in thfl Union
"The carpenters' council ot dloago, tbe
. . Jl at aVl.. amsw aV.
representative oooy oi m jk
wishes to warn carpenters throughout t oe
country against the misleading statement
that are being ent out by the carpenters
. ... . i. w . it a a
ann Duuaers association, ior M
f AinothanltTvlth narnenters. The
strtKo trouble is not yet sattled, ani thero
la no scarcity oi carpenioru.
An Immense Structure.
Ji.cxsoKvn.Lt, Fla., May 28 A model fer
the world's fair building was forwarded to
nhtr.atro todav. Ifc rtnntemolat es a struc
ture in the snap of a nyramU 1,200 fet at
tne bane and 1.200 feet bigh, to be ar
ranged in sixfcv fttnrlaff. each twantv feet
hicrh. or in fortv storiea eoh thirty fet
hiffh. the material to be entirely of steel.
irlaflB andiron Torn alectric rail wny wind
about the jjulldlng on the outside from top
to Dattom.
The Senate. .
Washington, May 26. I a the senate to
day Immediately alter the reading of the
ournal, the oath of office was adminis
tered by the vice-president o Carlisle as
senator from Kentucky for Beo 's unex
pired term.
Sherman presented a petition in f aver of
excluding from the mails the Police Gezstte
and similar publications.
Plumb introduced a bill to 'provide for
the purchase of silver ter use as lawful
money, and enid that it had been prepare
by Banker St. Jehn of New York. lie de
sired it introduced with the endorsement
of St. Jehn on account of bJa .recognized
position on financial questions. It also
met bis approval. Tue bill wad referred t
the finauue committee.
Plumb offered a- r solution instructing
the nuance cotnmlstee to prepare and re
port in connection with too tariff bill a
statement snowing the duties levied under
tne existing law, tne duties as tney wouia
be under tne house bill, and the duties and
the bill to be reported by tbe committee.
such duties to be sated in ; parallel col
umnp. tteagan moved to amend tie resolution
so .as to require, in cases oi oomaouaa
duties, epecido and ad valorem, columns
showing me equivalent ad valorem amount
oi tne cuty.
Aimon moved to insert in juaagans
amendment the words "where, practi
Tne amendment as modified .by Allison's
suggestion was agreed to. .
Tne resolution was rurtner amenaeu Dy
making lc apply also toredaotlons of duties,
and as thus uuaenddd was agreed to.
(leorj-e, from tne ia JloUry committee.
reported a bill subjecting national bank
notes and treasury notes to state taxation.
Plaoed on the calendar.
Tne pending question was on Cookreu' a
amendment to (strike out the provision for
three heavily armored battle ships at lour
millions each.
After considerable opposition the bill
Mlccnell offered a resolution, which was
agreed to, instructing the committee oa
pensions to report an amendment to tne
pension laws providing lor a more liberal
manner of pensioning the widows, minor
calidrtn and dependent relatives of de
ceased soldiers. '
Washington, May 27. Mr. Cullom of
fered a resolution calling on the se crotary
of the treasury for information as to the
authority under which merchandise In
bond, appraised or anappraleed, and goods
of domestic origin axe permitted to be for
warded between the Atlantic and Pacific
ports of the United States over the Cana
dian Pacific railroad, etc. ; also to report by
what authority merchandise other than
the products of contiguous countries is
permitted to enter the United bcates under
consular seal and proceed to its destina
tion without entry or' examination at the
port of first arrival. There was, he said,
evidence of irregularities and that the
country was probaoiy losing some of its
revenue. The resolution wens ver until
Tne senate then resumed consideration
of the imported liquor bill, the question
balng on cue euostuuee report ja yesterday
troin tne Judiciary committee.
Mr. Uoke argued agatnsc tne consutu-
tienal ilgnt oi cocgreas to delegate its del
egated powers baoK. to the state.'
Mr. Eustls said tie pending bill could not
become a law with the belp of his vote. lie
was a state's rurnt democrat or tne strict
est sort and wai in f aver of the states ex
ercising to an unlimited extent the rights
whicu taey had reserved; but , the powers
wnlch tney nad lodged in tne federal gov
ernment, ana longed wisely, he wanted tbe
feoeral government to exercise exclu
After zurtner debate tne bill went over
witnout action.
Mr. Wlison of Iowa gave notioa that he
would ask tie senate to remain in session
comorro v until the bill was disposed of.
Tne vloe president announced tne ap
pointment of Mr. Blackburn as a mem . er
of tbe committee on appropriations and of
Mr. uarllsle as a memoer of tue c jjainu
tees on finance, territories and woman suf
frage. Tbe conference report on the bill to sim
plify the law In relation to the collection
of revenue was presented and agreed to.
Tbe House.
Washtnoton, May 22. In the house to
day Mr. Flower of N ew York Introduced a
bill subjecting olemargarlneto the provis
ions of the laws of the several states. Re
ferred. The house then went Into committee of
the whole on the river and harbor bilL
Mr. Hltt moved an amendment to give
the city of Galena, UL, the right to take
up the harbor improvement there dropped
by the government and complete it, pro
viding the city shall then receive 1100,000.
Mr. Post of Illinois offered au amend
ment appropriating $250,000 for the pur
pose of securing a continuous navigable
water way between Lake Michigan and the
Mississippi river, adequate for the passage
of the largest Mississippi river steamboats
and naval vessels, and for the - continua
tion of tbe survey of thi Illinois river.
Mr. Henderson said the committee had
not considered the opposition and it
ohouldn'c be included in the bill without
Mr. Yandever cf California said that Jeal
ousy between Chicago and 8". Louis had
hitherto prevented tne adoption ot this
grand national project cf connecting the
lakes and the MieBtssippl a project wh'ch
would certainly be carried out in the end,
and place Chicago at the head of Missis
sippi river navigation as well as in com
mand of lake navigation.
Mr. Wild of Illinois explained that the
Hennepin canal was Entirely independent
of tois proposition.
Catchings ot Missouri moved to amend
the amendment by fixing the appropriation
an $125,000. This was accepted by Mr.
Pjbo. but the entire proposition was re
jected by the bouse. When the paragraph
appropriating $510,000 for the construc
tion ot the liliuois and Mississippi (Eljn
nepin) canal was reached, Mr. Turner of
Oeorgia made the point of order that tbe
committee bad no Jurisdiction over canals,
Pending decioion tbe oommltije rose and
house took a recess until evening.
The house at the evening session passed
forty-two private pension bills and ad
Washington, May 27. In the house today
Mr. McElnley submitted the conference re
port on the customs administrative bill
Mr. McMlllln, one cf the conferees, said
ho had declined to ajree to the report for
the reason that he believed tho bill would
Increase taxation,
The conference report was adopted-
yeas 17, nays IS She speaker pro tern
couatlng a quorum. The democrats re
frained from voting.
The house then went into committee of
tbe wnole on tne river una harbor appro
priation DU.
After some dlECUEsion the house ad
State of Nebraska,
Section one, article five, of the Con
stitution of the IS t ate of Nebraska reads
as follows: .
"The governor may on extraordinary
occasions, convene the legislature by
proclamation, setting forth the pur
poses for which they are convc netl, ami
the legislature shall enter upon no
business except that for which tiy
are called together.
Whereas, Matters of vital interest to
the people of the state greatly agitat
ing the public miud, coustitute, in tho
judgment of the executive, an extraor
dinary occasion which justifies tho as
sembling of the legisUture.
Now, Therefore, I, Jahu M. Thayer,
governor of the state of Nebraska, by
virtue of the authority in me vested by
the constitution above quoted, do
hereby issue thi, my proclamation re
quiring the members of the two house
of the twenty-first joint assembly o
the state of Nebraska, to convene ia
their respective legislative halls in the
capitol building on Thursday, tbe 5th
day of J une, 1800, at 10 o'clock a. m..
for the purpose of considering and tak
ing action upon the following named
subjects and these only :
First For the purpose of enacting
a law establishing maximum railway
freight rates, and repeal that sec
tion of the statute creating the state
board of transportation.
Second For the purpose of consid
ering and amending our election lawa
by the adoption of what is known as
the Australian ballot system.
Third To consider and give ex-
piession in favor of an increase in the
volume of currency, and of the free
coinage of silver.
No other subject will be proposed
for the consideration of the legislature
it this special session.
In testimonv whereof, x have nero-
unto set my hand and caused to be
affixed the great seal of the state.
Done at Lincoln this 24th day of
May, in the year of our Lord one thou
sand eight hundred and ninety, of the
6tate tho twenty-fourth and of tho In
dependence of the United States the
one hundred and fourteenth.
John M. Thaykk.
By the governor.
Ben B. Cowdeby,
Secretary of State.
Governor Thayer issued Monday a
proclamation supplementary to tha
one promulgated on Saturday. Ho
discovered that there would be no
means of paying tho expenses of the
gathering unless an appropriation trill
covering tbe subject was made
part of the call. 11 is second
proclamation therefore sets forth
that in additisn to the business before
mentioned the legislature should be
called to enact legislation for the pay
ment of the expenses of the special
session and the mileage and per diem,
of employes. "Expenses," he Bay,
covers the pay of employes and all in
cidentals. All Over the 8tatr
A 5,000 bushel lot of corn brought
24 cents at Bulo last week.
According to the Indianola Timed
hog cholera has appeared in that vi
cinity. Columbus will open her spring
boom May 27 by entertaining an ex
cursion party from Onaha.
' Madam Lipp of Fremont, was Sat
urday fined $150 for serving beer to
her friends without having the necessa
ry license.
Dr. J. N. McCasland, one of the old
est residents of the state, living at
Pawnee City, is very low with paraly
sis and is not expected to live.
William Blevins of Nebraska City,
who threatened to kill his family the
other day, has been adjudged insane
und will be sent to the asylum.
Considerable excitement was c&usod
Saturday at Beemer by the elopement
of William Fox with a girl named
Belle Ashburn. Fox leaver a wife and
two children in destitute circum
About $40,000 worth of bonds voted
by Plattsmouth in aid of the Omaha
Southern railway were sold Saturday
to a Kansas City firm. This give
Plattsmouth assurance of another rail
A special election was held ia
Thurston county Monday to vote
bonds for a $24,000 court house. The
contest will be close, but it is thought
the court house will be built.
A government steamer, Capitol a
Butt, arrived Saturday at Plattsmouth
and will immediately commence tha
contemplated government work on the
Missouri river.
Wisner people have, run short of
freph fish on account of the West
Point dam and will accordingly ap
peal to the law of the state.
After hearing arguments in the Laa-dorsh-Lemmon
commissioner contest,
which has been hanging fire in Thurs
ton county since last J anuary, Judge
Morris reversed hie decision.
On ohe of tho principal streets of
Kearney,- within two blocks, can Ins
found four cornets, one tuba, throe pi
anos, four organs, a parrot, and a num
ber of smaller instruments in tbe way
of jewsharps, harmonicas and flat
When they all tnrn loose the overflow
of tbe canal stops to "listen, farmer listen."