The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892, May 03, 1890, Image 1

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The Moral and Political Decadence of
American Institutions.
It would be an oflice av holly ungra
cious thus to set forth the evidences of
our moral :uid political decadence,
were there not a hope behind, that, out
of the unpleasing exhibit there might
grow some suggestion of good. It is
only by portraying the evil in its fullest
magnitude that we can be fully impress
ed with the lesson of its accompanying
danger. For there is before us n danger
greater and graver than any we have
yet encountered. Hitherto the forms
of our constitution have been respected
though the spirit has been perverted.
Hitherto our personal rights have been
secure though our political franchises
have been practically lost. We need
but travel a little further on the down
ward road and even these relics of our
liberties will be swept away. In the
grand corruption which made for a
time the commercial metroplis of our
country an illustration of the ills the
people suffer when the wicked bear
rule, we had almost reached the point
at which law itself ceases to have ellica
cy and the most sacred rights of per
son and property became the sport of
the caprice of any adventurer bold
enough and bad enough and strong
enough to throttle justice in her ovvii
temples. The example of that tyrany
was typical of the system which rules
the country. It was only a little in ad
vance! of the general progress. But
nothing is more surely written in the
book of destiny than that unless effectu- !
al remedies be speedily devised to ar
rest this downward tendency, what was
true in New York in 1870 will, long be
fore the close of another century be
true universally; arid more than that,
the career of defiant corruption will
culminate inevitably in the downfall of
all law, and a sea of anarchy and a so
cial chaos will engulf all rights of the
citizen, personal or political.
Are there, then, remedies for these
evils? Undoubtedly there are, but they
are remedies which, if applied at all,
must be applied by the people them
selves, and which can only, or will only
be applied by a people thoroughly ar
aroused to their danger s and their duty.
The Aside departure from the princi
ples of the constitution which is the
source of all our woes, has been owing
to the abuse of power in the hands of
the men who hold it. We need, there
fore, no change in the constitution, but
a return to the constitution; no change
in the laws, but a great change in
methods of administration; and to this
end we must have men in power not
wedded by habit to existing abuses, or
bound to them by interest. How shall
this object be secured?
In the first place, Ave may safely as
sume that the great body of the people
are honest, and are earnestly and sin
cerely desirous of reform. It is impos
sible that it should be otherwise. It is
impossible that official corruption can
even by indirection penetrate deeply in
to the ranks of private life. If there are
public robbers, there must be a public
which is robbed; and the victims can
. have no sympathies with the thieves. It
follows that if any practicable means of
purifying the government or to any de
gree improving its character can be
pointed out, these must beyona all
question command the support of a
formidable multitude. - Such means
must exist or republican government
must be pronounced a hopeless failure.
The experiment of such government
can never be tried again under circum
stances so singularly favorable as have
been afforded it here. Now, in en
deavoring to organize the public senti
ment of the honest masses of the people
into a power which shall make itself
felt in this matter, it is by no means
certain that the attempt to break up and
trample out existing parties would be
the most judicious The people gener
ally are attached to these organizations
and cannot easily be made to be
lieve that the evils'under which we suf
fer necessarily inhere in them, or are
created by them. Many are even un
der the singular illusion that their own
party is honest, and that all the corrup
tion is on the other side, and those
who are not under such illusions still
cling fondly to the belief that reform
within the party is quite as practicable
as reform without. To organize a new
party, therefore, with the avowed de
sign to crush the parties actually exist
ing, would be to invite unnecessarily
the antagonism of many good men who
by the adoption of a less defiant policy
might be conciliated and induced to act
harmoniously. But there is certainly
already in both parties an immense and
daily increasing number who are pre
pared to shake themselves wholly free
from the trammels of nartv dsicinline.
and though these may not be enongh to
niawe a un auu inuepenuent party a
success, they are amply enough to nold
me uaiance or power between the two
existing parties, lhey will willingly
accept good government at the hands
of either. Let these pledge themselves
to each other to withhold their suf-
ferages from any candidate for office
whose knoAvn character and past rec
ord do not furnish a satisfactory assur
ance that he will discharge his duties
honestly and firmly, and defiantly, if
need be, of the malign influences which
have controlled his predecessors; and
let them, on the other hand, resolve to
give ineir yotes to mat candidate, no
matter by which party presented, who
oners mis security in me iiignest ue
gree; and the managers on both sides
will be compelled to bring forward
good men, and the the triumph of either
will be the triumph of good govern
But supposing public life mirified.
the. republic redeemed, the constitution
restored, what is to be our guaranty
tnat the evils from which we have sue
ceeded in extricating ourselves may not
return to piaerue us aeramv History
teaches us that nations easily forget the
sharpest lessons of experience. How
shall we prevent the causes Avhich have
once so nearly wrought our ruin from
operating to engender the same per
nicious consequences a second time? We
must see k this preventative in the edu
cation of our youth. Hitherto our
higher institutions of learning have
neglected almost wholly to instruct the
young men whom they undertook to
train, in the principles of the govern
ment under which they arc to live, and
of which they are to be a part; and in
the duties which are to devolve upon
them as citizens, as freemen, and as
constituent elements of the popular
sovereignty. Every other branch of
their culture has been sedulously cared
for. They are taught a great deal about
the properties of matter, but very little
about the passions of men; much about
the perturbations of the planets, but
very little about the interactions of
parties; much about the constitution of
the solar system, but very little about
the constitution of the United States;
much alout the laws of the universe,
but very little about the laws of the
land; much alxnit universal gravitation,
but very little about universal suffrage;
much about the Grecian democracies
and the Roman republic, but next to
nothing at all about the republic to
which they themselves belong. Indeed
so far is the teaching of our colleges at
present from leing suited to prepare
young men for the proper discharge of
what, under our constitution, is really
the most important duty before them in
life, that it almost seems to have been
purposely planned to evade that object.
Thus the political education of our
youth, after we have given them the
highest degree of intellectual culture
our institutions are capable of provid
ing, is turned over to the worst of all
possible schools, the worst, at least, at
present the school of practical politics.
Such of them as enter public life imbibe
there the habits and fall in with the
practices which they find there preva
lent. They learn by imitation, as chil
dren learn to speak! They rarely refer
any of these matters to principle, or
make them questions of conscience.
They even accustom themselves to look
with lenient eyes, or at most with only
.,1," 1 . ..1.11- i . .1 -.
mild disapproval, upon paipame irauus
in politics, such as false registration,
false counting, repeating, and ballot
box stuffing, provided such frauds do
not result in iajury to their own party.
And thus the men Avho are destined to
stand foremost in the ranks of party
and to Aveild the largest inlluenee in po
litical affairs, are regularly trained from
the beginning to familiarity Avith, tole
ration of, anil finally willing acquies
cence in, tne Avorst vice oi me system
that has brought us to our present Ioav
estate. Destined, I say, to stand fore
most, and to Avield the largest inlluenee.
Certainly of the men of high culture as
a class this must be true, or the theory
that it is well to be educated is a fallacy
and wiiat Ave familiarly call the advan
tages of education are an illusion. It
is true that there individuals exception
ally endoAved by nature Avho rise by
force of genius, and supply to them
selves the culture which has been de
nied them in schools; as there are also
some Avhom the schools can never raise
above the level of mediocrity but, other
things being equal, the advantage of
the educated man is immense. When
the adage, knoAvledge is poAver, was
first uttered, it Avas intended, no doubt,
in a merely material sense, as expres
siA'e of the truth that knowledge fur
nishes its possessor with a magazine of
reasources which the ignorant man has
not, for the application of means to
ends; but knowledge is poAver in a high
er and a moral sense in the fact that it
lends to opinion the Aveight of authority
and commands the respect always in
voluntarih' rendered to recognized su
periority. Genius, no doubt, is poAver,
but culture is power also; and in genius
and culture combined, humanity at
tains its grandest and noblest aspect.
Inequalities of political rank may fall
before the spirit of democracy; inequali
ties of material wealth may be SAArept
away by the Avild breath of communism;
jut in cultivated intellect there is an in
destructible aristocracy, which Avill still
survive, in spite of all the elaborate pro-
isions of human constitutions, and in
defiance of the delirious rage of human
The class of educated men, therefore,
though comparatively small in numbers,
is, in the inherent power to control the
course ot human anairs, immeasurably
superior to all the rest combined. That
it is not distinctly felt to be the ruling
class ahvays and everywhere, in public
and private life, in the state as in socie
ty, is oAving to the fact that it is not an
organized class. It has no concert of
action; on many questions it is divided
against itselt and neutralizes its OAvn
nlluence, and tOAvard some it is too in
different to be disposed to use it. Un
fortunately it is in regard to the affairs
of political life that this indifference is
most frequently manifested. Though
some feAv of the youth who emerge
Vora our schools of high culture engage 1
ictrvery in the political stnies which
they find going on about them, and do
this at present, as 1 :have already re
marked, under circumstances of great
disadvantage; yet by far the greater
number, either through insensibility to
their duties as citizens, or through un
consciousness that they have any such
duties to perform, hold themselves
throughout all their li-es entirely aloof
from the political field, and look upon
the struggles oi politicians Avith some
thing of the same kind of interest with
Avhich they might regard a bull fight or
a gladiatorial conflict, lheir leelings
are to some extent enlisted, indeed, on
one side or the other; but it seems not
to occur to. them that it is any part of
their business to make the fight their
I do not mean to say that the majori
ty of this class are so indifferent to po
litical affairs that they do not even vote,
though that is certainly true of many;
but it is true of nearly all of them that
they do nothing more, and even this
simple duty they perform in an unre
flecting way. Their party affiliations
they inherit from their father, as they
inherit the family name and the family
estate; and the propensity to vote on
one side or the other might, from the
point of vieAV of a Darwinian, philoso
pher, be regarded as a manifestation of
an acquired instinct; while the persist
ent act of so voting would seem to fur
nish a happy illustration of what is
called automatic reflex action. Ought
it not to be with us a matter of serious
concern, that the vast flood of potential
energy unceasingly poured forth upou
the country from our institutions of
superior education, powerful enough if
property directed, in spite oi tne oppos
ing eddies and currents of meaner and
muddier streams, to keep the great en
gine of the constitution in its normal
majestic action, should continue year
after year to run almost Avhollj to
Avaste;Avhile the small portion of it
which becomes really effective is ex
pended in aiding to turn the Avheels of
a miserable and ill-conditioned machine
devised by crafty inventors to operate
for their own benefit, and to supersede
the great engine which Avas designed to
operate for the benefit of the whole peo
ple. And is it net time that Ave eu
deavor to provide against this enormous
and runious waste? How shall Ave do
so? How, but by making the science
of government, the constitution of the
United States, and the duties of the
citizen, a part of the regular course of
instruction in our colleges.
1. The science of government the
theoretic basis of the supremacy of the
state, the varieties of form in Avhich
sovereignty may be embodied, and the
actual development of governmental
institutions as illustrated in history.
2. The constitution of the Onited
States not merely its actual provisions,
Avhich are soon learned, but the reasons
Avlry they are Avhat they are, the lessous
of past experience of Avhich they are
the succinct expression, and the antici
pation of possible dangers which their
wise precautions Ave re designed to
3. The duties of the citizen practi
cally the most important topic of them
all, but one for which the others are an
indispensable preliminary. For the du
ties of the citizen derive their character
from that of the government under
which he lives. Under a despotism the
duty of a citizen is to be submissive,
obedient, and quietly attentive to his
own affairs, leaving those of the state
in the hands of his masters, to whom
they belong. But under a repubHc the
citizen is himself an element of the su
preme authority, aud the ruler is a
representative and a servant, and not
his master. For the character of the
rule he is responsible, and his responsi
bility, Avhich is not the less real that it
is shared Avith many, consists in this,
that if the government is bad and he
has done nothing to prevent its being so
or is doing nothing to make it better,
he is justly censurable as a bad citizen.
Our young men must therefore bo
taught'that as citizens they are sover
eigns, with the duties and responsibili
ties of sovereigns; and that unless they
make practical assertion and . actual
exerciseof their sovereignty, it Avill be
usurpedand wrested from them. It is
not enough that the constitution make
the people supreme. Unless they make
themselves so, their supremacy is mere
ly a paper fiction. A constitution is
not a government, any more than the
verbal expression of a laAv of nature
is a force; but as behind this A erbal ex
pression there is an ever active living
energy, so beneath the forms of the con
stitution the soA ereignty of the people
should be no less a liing and substanti
al reality. We should teach our youth,
therefore, that the first duty of every
good citizen is at present to use his
most energetic efforts for the breaking
up of machine government; for it is
through the political machine that the
people have been practically divested
of their rights, and subjected to the
rule of a usurping- and unscrupulous
In order to this, effort must begin at
the bottom. If the system of Avhat is
called regular nominations is to be con
tinued, the nominations must be honest
nominations of honest men. The pri
mary meetings in which they originate
must be really meetings of the honest
voters, and must express the will of the
honest voters; instead of being Avhat
they have so long been heretofore, close
caucuses ot petty hot-house politicians,
employed to give the outward forms of
reguliarity to corrupt arrangements al
ready perfected in secret. And this
they Avill be, so soon as honest voters
do their duty, by direct and personal
participation in the selection of the men
Avho are in turn to name their rulers.
Our young men should also be in
structed as to the nature anil use of
parties in political affairs, and taught
to distinguish the limitations Avithin
which the action of such is healthful,
and beyond which it may be destruc
tive of the ends of good government.
Upon every great measure of public
policy, and upon every great question
of constitutional interpretation, opin
ions Avill necessarily be divided; and on
these divisions will inevitably arise op
posing parties, which, in spite of their
differences, may be equally honest and
equally patriotic. But it is in the na
ture of things human that these points
of differences cannot be eternal. Ques
tions of constitutional laAv must in
some form or other be adjudicated.
But though Avith the disappearance of
the original cause of difference the
reason of their being is itself removed,
it is rarely the case that parties reeog
nize the fact that their usefulness has
ceased, and voluntarily dissolve them
selves. For Avhile the questions divid
ing them Avere living questions, it was
unavoidable that the struggle over these
should take the practical form of a
struggle for the possession of the gov
ernment, and these being lost, the pos
session oi the gOAernment becomes
itself the object of contention, the greed
of gain becomes the bond of union, and
selfishness takes the place of patriotism
as the ruling motive.
Our Dorsey's Bank Circular.
Editor of the. Alliance: Stripped
of a garbage of words, the clean cut
proposition the bankers make the peo
ple in Mr. Jjorsey's circular is . as fol
lows: we me national cankers are
willing the people should have almost
free coinage of silver. The government
bonus due in iyu7 on w hich the govern
ment is now paying 4 per cent may be
refunded by the people and the banks
will accept the 2 per cent.
For these trifling considerations the
banks want the people to stop the issue
of legal tender paper money and allow
the currency to be increased to fifty
dollars Per Capita bv eoinincr silvpr nnrl
fold and by the issue of national bank
ills (principally by the issue of nation
al bank bills.)
Mr. Dorsey says, "I am in favor of in
creasing the -olume of currency unti
it reaches $ou per capita. But think it
should be done by increasing the coin
age of silver and issuing more nationa
bank notes."
The Alliance people in their netittons
demand the free coinage of silver and
the issue of a full legal tender paper
money by the government. Dorsey . in
his bank circular favors the limited
coinage of silver and the issue of bank
bills by private citizens organized in
national banks."
To rightly understand the merits of
these two classes of currency Ave must
consider that the issue of bank bills has
ahvays been in the hands of its friends.
That ev ery effort has been made to
make it popular Avith the people, while
the issue of the government legal tender
paper money has always been in the
hands of its enemies and the bankers
have done their utmost to discredit and
make it unpopular and to retire it from
The laAv that provided for specie
payment in Jan. 1S7D also provided for
the total destruction of the government
legal tender paper money. But at the
almost unanimous demand of the peo
ple the clause in that law that retired
the gOA crnment legal tender Avas re
pealed and $346,000,000 saved to the
people. No one objects but national
banks. Dorsey would retire them and
put bank bills in their place. He says.
"I do not like to pay for the issue of
United States notes." Of course not!
But you like to have the people pay 10
per cent interest for the issue of bank
Well, Mr. Dorsey, Avhen you and a
couple of hundred other bankers and
bank attorneys are retired to private
life and the issue of government money
is in the hands of its friends it .will be
issued direct to the people on real
estate security at one or tAAro per cent a
year, it w i 11 not cost you anything un
less you borrow.
The $100,000,000 in gold now held as
a useless redemption fund to please the
bankers by contracting the currency
that much will be paid out to the old
soldiers as it would have been years ago
but for the opposition of the bankers.
The circulation of silver and gold
Avill probadly neA er reach $20 per capi
ta. Mr. Dorsey would increase this
amount to $50 per capita by the issue
of $30 per capita of bank bills. Or for
our sixty millions of people the issue of
bank bills would be $1,800,000,003. The
bankers propose a 2 per cent bond as
far as the government debt Avill reach,
and something else for the balance as a
basis for this mountain of national bank
The people would have to pay the
bankers 2 per cent on the bonds used as
a basis. In Nebraska Ave would have to
pay at least 10 percent for the use of
the bank bills, or the bankers of Ne
braska Avould receive 12 per cent on
their investment, and they would pay
the government as at present 1 per cent
for the use of their bank bills. Their
income on their circulation in Nebras
ka would approximate 11 per cent pro
vided the bankers complied Avith the
usury law of the state. -
Take the country over the bankers
Avould realize at least 8 per cent, or on
the whole amount $1,800,000,000 bank
bills the people would pay a yearly in
terest of $144,000,000 on the circulation
alone. This would go into the hands
of a class for their benefit. These fig
ures do not .half tell the story of the
bankers income as they would also have
the use of all the deposits of the peo
ple. When the government issues the
$1,800,000,000 in legal tender paper
money direct to the people on real
estate at 2 per cent a year it would cost
them $36,000,000 a year and this would
go into the United States treasury in
lieu of other taxes for the benefit of the
Avholepeople. The people would also
have the benefit of their own deposits.
Which had the people better do? Pay
the national bankers for their enrich
ment $144,000,000 a year and increase
this amount as our population increases
until Ave fasten a debt on our children
that Avill make of them abject slaves, or
shall Ave pay Uncle Sam for the benefit
of the whole people $36,000,000 a year
for the same serA'ice and be able to es
tablish a cash system in less than tAven
ty years, and bequeath to our children
a country out of debt with homes and
happiness for every one. As the bank
ers are practical business men we sub
mit this proposition.
Mr. Dorsey says: "We all admit the
great service rendered the government
by the national banks.1' No sir! Ave do
not admit it. No one admits it except
the bankers, their relatives and em
ployes. W hen Mr. Dorsey undertakes
o proA e that the bankers have been ot
service to the government avc will prove
they have been an expensive curse to
the people.
Mr. Dorsey says: "ManT able law
yers contend that if Ave took from them
the circulating medium issued to them
y the government that the govern
ment cannot maintain a supervision
over these banks." Hold on Dorsey!
Don't make any threats for your Wall
street masters. They have alloAved
those Alliance petitions to rile their
tempers. On whose meat are our bank
ers feeding that they propose to out
grow government supervision? we
think that when the great American
people pass a laAv retiring the bank
oill circulation, and the bankers to
some other business, and establish a
government bank in every toAvn to loan
legal paper money direct to the people,
the bankers aviII compiv Avith the laAv.
They Avill Avalk up like meek little
Jambs and asked to be employed: as
cashiers and book-keepers in the peo
pie's bank. John Stebbins,
Huge Hailstones.
Baltimobe, April 28. This city was vis
ited yesterday afternoon about 4 o'clock
by hail of a size and destructive power
never before seen in this city. The hall
was not like the snow coated hail of com
merce bat was plain, 'itard ice, frozen
through and through, clear as crystal an
solid as a rock. It went through thics
panes of glass as If they were tissue paper.
ana tne amount or damage done by it can
only be figured up wnen all the broken
panes are counted and the glass setters'
bills are paid. The loss will run np into
the thousands.
The hall stones weie like rooKs. some of
them ragged and sharp on the edges as a
steel blade. Hens' eggs were nothing to
them in size. Many of them were as laree
as a man's fist and as they came down they
sounded like so many cannon balls falling
on the helpless earth. The storm came
from the west, was local in its character
and swept to the east with a rattle like
heavy musketry, frightening people out of
their wits, making some of the supersti
tious think that the day of judgment had
come ana miung cnose who were on ine
streets many hard knocks' and driving
tnem into places ox shelter.
The State bank at Creighton has
commenced the erection of a two-story
brick building. . ,
The New Crop to be Planted.
Vekdon, Neb., April 19, 1890.
Editok Alliance: I see by The
Alliance of April 12th you are calling
attention to a neAv crop a crop of farm
legislators. I second the motion. There
are certainly some old fields (not so
erv old either,) that look as though
they Avere terribly foul, and need to be
thoroughly raked up and burned over
to get them fit for farming. One is
state expenses. If you will allow me I
Avill call attention to a few legislative
mployes. Iirst comes our Hon. Church
lowe Avhoasamemberof the senate (21st
session Neb. legislature,) drew pay for
sixty days as member, and seventy
seven days as president of that body.
As there was only eighty-seven days
rom the opening until the close, in
cluding Sundays, there must have been
twelve Sundays, so his Honah must
iaA-e drawn pay for two Sundays. J.
C. Watson, speaker of the house, did
equally as well, Avhile Tate, ReA J. G.,
lornswoggled 88J day s pay lor praying
or our senate, lhink ot that one-
third f a prayer. Over in the house
one Z. E. Jackson acted as janitor 142
a vs. These are only a feAV items of
many, one more and l aviu close mis
ine. That is an appropriation of $123,-
000 to pay county treasurers' fees for
ollecting state taxes, as they are en
titled to tAvo per cent except pro rata
Avith the county on the first $7,000 col-
ected which might make the average
. Stop and compute Iioav much taxes
the state of Nebraska pays annually.
This sum is for tAvo years and a defi
lhere is another held which needs
raking badly. That is our state school
una and school lands. mere nave
been granted by tne general govern
it . . i
ment to this state nearly 3,000,000 acres
of land for common school purposes.
Of this not one-quarter, or Jess than
00,000 acres were sold or under con
tract of sale at the date of the state
superintendent's last report (1888). Of
the money received by the stale lrom
these sales, nearly $300,000 were lying
idle in the hands of the state treasurer;
$1,300,000 Avere invested in county
)onds at less than five per cent inter
est, lo you avIio are paying live times
this amount, Iioav does this rate strike
ou? Nearly one-half of our school
amis were leased at an appraised valu
ation of less than two dollars ($1.80)
er acre. As Gov. Thayer seems quite
anxious just now to pose as a reformer,
et me call attention to one point in his
message to tne legislature, wnere ne
states that the assessed value of land
is $3.50 per acre, and declared that lo
ie a stigma on the state. let our
model goArernor could not see that Are
Avere assessed twice as high as school
and was appraised for the purpose of
ising. The school fund gets less than
seAen percent, ine lease is six, or n
ill is paid, less than twelve cents per
acre. lou avho nom your mie in iee
who of you can pay your taxes for
that? But Avorse and more of it. Of
the $153,000 lease rental due the state,
only about $115,000 found its way into
the school tund, or less than nine cents
er acre, lo our Logan county mend
et me say, you may be assessed very
ligh. but school land in Logan county
is appraised for leasing at less than $1
ler acre, and the lessee pays precisely
six per cent, none delinquent, oo me
state gets about five cents an acre.
What can vou pay vour taxes for?
I see by the Omaha liee ot March 20
that our delegation in congress has
been interviewed 1at one Perry S.
Ieath. Senator Manderson declared
or more money, readjustment of the
tariff, and loAver freight rates. Sena
tor Paddock said "Me too." Represen
tative Laws and Dorsey said ditto, and
Connell "Me too and a-half." We
armers knew of these things, and they
earned their wisdom from us. To
send them back looks about as Avise as
for the government to make national
bank notes good by going security for
the bank instead of issuing the note it
In conclusion let me say to the Ne
braska Alliances, get the state auditor's
report, get the state school superintend
ent's report, also the report ot lion
John Steen, commissioner of public
ands and buildings. Study them, lou
will learn many things of interest. Also
beware of reformers, especially those
Avho have been Avhere they might have
reformed things and -did not do so
Take The Fakmeks' Alliance. It will
do you good. Do your OAvn thinking.
rT1..t ...ill .1 -, ., o.y-.1 n I 1
J. 1 lilt Will UU Ull 1UUIC gUUU 11K11I (ILL
the rest. And above everything else
)e as loval to your country, your family
and yourself as you are to your party,
and Ave may hope to raise a crop ot
arm legislators Avho Avill entirely clean
. 1 1 1 1 At.
up these iotu neids, anu make mem
bloom as the rose. Hoping lor our
cause unbounded success I am
Fraternally your Bro.
Geo. W atkins,
Lecturer Richardson Co. Alliance.
The Senate.
Washington, April 22. In the senate to
day Cockrell offered a resolution, which
was agreed to, directing the superintend
ent of census to communicate to the sen
ate the forms of rules and regulations
adopted by him for obtaining statistics as
to farm morttraees.
Plumb's resolution, neretoiore exxerea.
for the Increase of the treasury purchase
and the coinage of silver, was presented
and Eostls moved as an addition to the
resolution that the free coinage of silver
is essential to a sound financial policy
and is demanded oy all the great inter
ests in the countrv. and therefore all laws
limiting the coinage of silver should be re
pealed. Plumb consented to let the resolution lie
over for the present so as to give Mitchell
an opportunity to address the senate.
Mr. Mitchell addressed the senate in fa
vor of the constitutional amendment pro-
Eosed by him for the election of senators
y a popular vote. Already fifteen changes
had been made in the constitution, and
who could say that any of them were not
well advised. All of these amendments led
nn losrioallv to the pending proposition.
The present system of electing senators,
he declareed. in unreoublican and vicious.
It was in purpose a declaration that for
some reason it was unsafe to commit the
election of nfiimtors to a vote of the people
and a reflection on the honesty or capacity
or both, nf the voting classes. Amour
other things Mitchell declared secret exec
utive MeiMiirmfl no longer in harmony with
the spirit of the age. It was a ielio of mon
archy. . and should find no recognition in
the republic.
A1", the conclusion of Mitchell's remarks
the resolution was referred to the commit
tee on privileges and election?.
The house amendment to the National
Z Kj'oglcal park bill was a?red to, and the
bid now goes to tno president.
The District or Ujlnaibla appropriation
bill was padppd, and after executive session
ibe senate adjourned.
Washington, April 23. In the senate to
day Mr. ShermaD, from the committee on
foreign relations, reported back in lieu of
Mr. Reagan's bill concerning the Irrigation
of .arid lands in the valley of the Iiio
Grande river, the concurrent resolution
requesting the president to enter Into
negotiations with the government of Mer
lon on the subject. Adopted.
Mr. Keacran epoko In support of his bill
repelling all laws for the retirement of
army, navy and marine c nicer s and of the
judiciary fmm active service on pay.
ine comerence report on tne Dill pro
viding temporary government for Okla
homa was agreed to veas 50. nays 5
(Messrs. Butler. Gockrell. Pueh. Quay and
The bill now goes to the president.
The following bills were rassed: The
per. ate bills appropriating 144,89 te relm-
ourse Mouth Dakota's expenses lor tne con
stitutional convention; the senate bill
amending and further extending the ben-
fit act of February 8,1887; providing for
rne allotment ot land in severalty to tne
Indians on various reservations, eta ; the
senate bill appropriating $6),(J00 for the
construction of a military store house and
offices for army purposes at the Omah mil
itary depot, Nebraska, and for other pur
poses. The land forfeiture bill was taken up and
the senate adjourned.
Washington, Ipril 21 In the senate to
day the house bill to transfer the revenue
cutter service to the navy department was
again taken up and the amendment report
ed from the committee on naval affairs
agreed to.
Mr. Hoar then reported from tne commit
tee on privileges and elections the bill to
amend and fcupplement the election laws
and to provide for the more efficient en
forcement of the same. Calendar.
The land forfeiture bill was then taken
up as unfinished business and the amend
ments reported from the committee on
public lands agreed to.
Washington, April 20. In the senate to
day the senate bill to author iz a the sale of
timber on the lands reserved for the Meno
minee Indians in Wisconsin was placed on
the calendar.
The senate resumed consideration of tha
railroad land forfeiture bill.
Pending the discussion the senate took
np and passed the house lolnt resolution
appropriating flEO.CCO for the relief of the
destitution in tne district overnowea Dy
the MlspisBlppi river and Its tributaries.
Consideration ci tee land forfeiture bill
was then resumed.
Senators Call. Ocorcre and Papco spoke
upon the subloct, but without definite act
ion the matter was laid over tin Monday.
Washington, April 26. In the eeaate to
day the bill to carry out the terms of the
agreement with the Sioux Indians of
Dakota for the sale of a portion of their
reservation, and to get an apj ropriatlon
of $1,800,C00 for the purpose, was passed.
The jsint resolution accepting the dona
tion of the sword of the late Captain Sam
uel Chester Beed, tendered as a gift by his
ton, Samuel C. lteed, and providing for the
presentation to him Dy congress or a gold
medal was taken up.
Much opposition to the resolution de
veloped and it finally went ever.
The senate bill to amend tne interstate
commerce act, as to mode of prooeeduro,
was passed.
Washington, April 28. In the eenate to
day in connection with the presentation of
the memerial in relation to the Missis
sippi river, a discussion sprung up and was
participated in by many senators, tne
point turning on the question whether the
levee systen or the outlet system was the
correct one or whether there should net be
a combination of the two.
Without any action the business of the
morning hour was proceeded with.
Mr. li lack burn introduced a bill for tne
admission cf Arizona. Referred.
The land forfeiture bill taken up and
after some discussion went over without
The senate bill incorporating the society
of the Sons of the American Revolution was
Mr. Plumb made some satirical remarks
about the efforts to encouratre patriotism
"lying around loose in the count rv" and
moved to amend the bill by providing that
Its privileges be extended to the Grand
Army ef the Republic. No quorum voted
and wl thout action on the bill, the senate
ad j surned.
The House.
Washington, April 22. The committee
on ways and means reported the bill pro
viding for the classification of worsted
cloths as woolens. Beferred to the com
mittee of the whole.
Mr. Candler of Massachusetts moved that
the house concur with the senate amend
ments to the world's fair bill. This being
agreed to, the bill is finally passed and will
be sent to the president for his action.
The house then went into a committee
of the whole 'Mr. Pay son of Illinois In the
chair) on the legislative appropriation bill,
and after some discussion tee house ad
journed without finishing the bilL
Washington, April 23. In the house to
day Mr. MUTison of Pennsylvania pre
sented a memorial from tho Manufactur
ers' club of Philadelphia, representing
many millions of capital invested in Amer
lean industries and many thousands of
workmen earning American wages, in
favor of prompt action on tariff legislation
which shall check the importation of arti
cles produced by our own people. Be
The house then went into committee of
the whole, Mr. Payecn of Illinois in the
chair, on the legislation appropriation bill,
the pending question being on a motion to
strike out the clause providing clerks for
senators. After considerable debate the
motion to strike out was lost.
In speaklnsr to a verbal amendment Mr.
Kelly ot Eansas replied to a remark by Mr.
Allen, to the enect tnat some newly ap
pointed postmasters in Mississippi bad
moved tneir omcea into tne country, by
saying that he had learned at the post-
office department that in seme places it
had been impossible for the republican
postmaster to secure a location in town
and he was obliged to go Into the oountry.
The above ana other outrages related by
Mr. Eelley caused a bitter debate, and
pending lurtner discussion the house ad
Washington, April 24 After the tr ansae
tlon of somert unimportant business the
house went Into committee of " the whole.
Mr. Payson of Illinois in the chair, on the
legislative appropriation bill.
When the clause appropriating salaries
for ihe civil service commission was
reached Mr. Cummlngs of New York made
the point of order that It was not properly
in the bill, as the commission was neither
legislative, executive, nor judicial. After
some debate tne point oi order was over
ruled and pending action the house ad
Washington, April 16 la the hjuoto.
day O'Neil of Pennsylvania, presented a
memorial of the busineM men of Philadel
phia asking the ai 1 of conzreat in trio pro
motion of the buildirg of America chips to
trade with foreign ports.
The petition of seventy eight drv good
commission boupes and v oolen manufac
turers of New Yok city was presented ask
ing for the pasiago of the bill cUtsifjlDg
worsteds with woolen. Inferred.
The bill passed providing for a trin of
court at Danville, IlL, on the Ural Monday
in May.
The house at its evening session panned
thirty private pension bills and adjjurne-l,
Washington, April 2. The houno
went into committee of the whole on the
legislative appropriation bill.
After adopting various amendments the
committee rose and reported the bill to tte
By dilatory tactics the democrats ab
stained from voting so as to prevent a
quorum on a vote on the previous ques
tion, bat the speaker counted a quorum
from thofle present and the previous ques
tion wes declared orderad, but without
action the house adjourned.
Washington, April 29. Ij the house to
day the conference report on the Fremont,
Neb., publla building bill was agreed to.
The limit of the cost of the bulldlntr tm.
The legifflatlvd, executive and judicia
appropriation bills passed without division.
The house then went into committee of
the whole on the bill relating to the Dis
trict of Columbia. The pending bill wan
for the establishment of Book creek park.
Ia the courie of the debate Mr. Hooper of
Mississippi alluded to the confederate
graves in Arlington cemetery on the head
boards of which is carved the word "rt bel.
He did not obj ct to thlc "itebel" was not
a word of repi-oaob. It only showed that .
they were tho men who wtre led by the-
second great rebel of America It bert 1-1.
Le Qsorge Washington having been the
The committee bavin ir risen, the Hock
creek park bill was defeated. Mr. Hemphill
of South Carolina moved its reconsidera
tion and the houso adjourned.
Eight Women Hmotliered.
San Fbancieco, April 30. A stearushfi
that torlved yesterday morning from Hong
Eong end Eokohama brings news that on
the arrival of the Japanese steamer in
HongKorg, March 6, from Nagafcka, Ihe
bodies of eight dead Japanese women werv
discovered in the held, haviag been suffo
cated during tho psiage. They had hid
themselves away in their endeavor ti
leave the country.
Anarchists Arrested.
Paws, April SO. Twelve anarehleta were
arrested in this city yesterday. Auionjr
those taken into custody were the Marouen
DeMores and .bis secretary. A number of
additional arrests were then made at
various places throughout Franco of per
sons chareed with inciting workmen to
riot and pillage.
Hall road Accident.
Staunton, Vt, April 2a Early this morn
ing the brake of an express train on tho
Chespeake It Ohio, became unmanageable
and the train ran through the town at the
rato cf eighty miles an hour, tearing away
the depot roof. A Pullman sleeper, la
which were fifteen members of the "Pearl
of Pekln" troupe enrouto for Baltimore.
was derailed and turned over. Of the com
pany Miss Myrtle Enox died while belntr
taken from the car, Mlrs Edith Miller had
a leg broken and a number of others u
tamed more or less serious injuries. Mina
Enrx was formerly a telegraph operator lu
Eansas City and joined the com r any not
very long ago, contrary to the wishes of
her ather.
Myra Clark Gaines' Heirs IleltcfillU
Washington, April 27. The house com
mittee on private land claims has author-
iz9d a favorable report on the bill for the
relief ot the heirs of Myra Clark Oatnes.
The bi'.l recites that M a Clark Gaines.
the legal representative of Daniel Clark
(deoeased), ot Louisiana, was entitled by
reason of Spanish grants, to S8,457 acres of
land and provides for the bsue of patents
to those heirs for all these lands which the
commissioner of the general lad offloe
shall find vacant, unapproprtajed and un
disposed of by the Uni ed States, And shall
not impair or preclude any adverse claim
ants from the r'gt to aHcrt thevalidttv
of their claims. For all Knds disposed of
by the United States or otherwleo lawfully
appropriated, provided there shad insus
certificate of location of th character pre
scribed In the act of tho adjustment of the
private land claims in Florida. Lou'slann.
and Missouri.
Hard on the Saloons.
Boston, April 2a An order has been
lspued by the Boston police board that
after May 1. next, the sale ot intoxicating
liquors over bars must bs stopped. The
enforcement of the law will work great
injury to almost every saloon keeper In
the city. Hotels and saloonkeepers protect
and the former are or the opinion that the
law will work Injury to the hotel business.
Omaha Market.
Any member of the Alliance having pro
duce to sell In Omaha can ship to aIW n Knot.
care of Bowman ti Williams.
A PHIL ll, 10.
Sujrar granulated OX 7.
SuRar X C Q U 4 .
HuRar-Anti-trust 5?i 0 614'
Butter 14 fo Irt.
Poultry 9 & 11.
Poultry Live, $3. B0 f 4.00.
Potatoes JW cents if good.
Errs 11K7&12.
oats lix&ao.
Baled Hay f
Lxnoolji, .Vu
CATTLE Butchers' steers .... 13 75 a 3 50-
Cows 2 to a 2 to
HOGS Fat 3 65 a 8 M
Stockers 3 25 a 3 50
SHEEP 3 00 a 3 0-
WHEAT No. 2 spring 55 a CO
OATS Ne. 2 11 a 15
RYE No. 2 25 a 27
CORN No. 2, new 15 a IS
D'LiAXHJSKll 1 ov a 1 (X W
APPLES Per bl 3 75 a 4 00
HAY Prairie, bulk 5 00 a 6 U)
Omaha, No
CATTLE.. $3 80 a 4 25
Cows 1 75 a 3 US
HOGS Fa'r to heavy 3 W a 4 oo
Mixed s Was
Chicago, u.
CATTLE Prime steers 3 50 a 5 00
Stockers and feeders 2 85 a 3 G5
HOOS Packing 4 00 a42O
SHEEP Natives 5 00aS25
Eansas Crnr, Mo.
CATTLE Corn fed 13 SO a 4 00
Feeders . 8 40 a 3 40
nOQS-Good to choice 3 75 a 3
Mixed S5f0a