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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (April 26, 1890)
THE FARMERS' ALLIANCE: LINCOLN, NEB., SATURDAY. APRIL 2G, 1890.
NATIONAL FARMERS' ALLIANCE.
President, II. L. Loucks, Dakota.
Vice-President. John II. Powers. Nebraska.
-Secretary, August Post, Moulton, Iowa.
Treasurer, J. J. Furlonjr. Minnesota.
'Lecturer, N. II. Ashby, Des Moines, Iowa.
NEBRASKA STATE ALLIANCE.
President, John II. Powers, Cornell.
vice President, Valentine Horn. Aurora.
:becrctary-Treasurer, J. M. Thompson, Lincoln.
Lecturer, V. F. Wright, Johnson county.
Asst. lecturer, Lopan McKeynolds, Fairfield.
-Chaplain, ltev. J. S. Kdwards, Wahoo.
Doorkeeper, D. W. Uarr. Clay county.
Asst. door keeper, O. C. Underbill, Unadilla.
Seargeant-at-arras, J. Billingsly, Shelton.
J, Burrows, chairman; B. F. Allen, Wabash;
-J. W. Williams-, Filley; Albert Dickersou,
Litchfield; Frank H. Young, Custer.
Post Office at Lincoln, Neb., June 18, 1889.
I hereby certify that The Alliance, a week
ly newspaper published at this place, has been
-determined by the Third Assistant Post Mas
ter General to be a publication entitled to
Admission in the mails at the pound rate of
.postage, and entry of it as such is accordingly
made upon the books of this office. Valid
while the character of the publication re
mains unchanged. Albert Watkins,
THE VOICE OF THE PEOPLE.
W ealth as a Political Power.
BV W. A. M'KEIOIIAN.
Red Cloud, April 14, 1890.
Editor Alliance: In compliance
with your request for short articles for
.your paper I will resume the subject of
"ealth as a political power. In our
.road land of freedom and equal rights
we have been taught to believe that the
poor man is as great a political power
. as his rich neighbor. In theory this
may be true, but' when we see a few men
controlling fabulous wealth, electing
their agents to congress and shaping
the legislation of states and controlling
the national policy, we are led to be
lieve that in practice this beautiful the
ory does not hold good.
The present political power of wealth
in our government is rendered possible
by its accumulation in the hands of a
First. Through the railway corpora
tions controlling the transportation of
Second. Through the banks and mon
ey loaners controlling the currency of
the country and exercising the power
of contracting or expanding its volume
whenever it is their interest to do so.
Third. By a vicious system of nation
al taxation, which enables the protected
manufacturing class to levy and collect
tribute from the wealth producing
Reference to the history of other na
tions fails to afford a single instance of
the accumulation of so great wealth in
the hands of a few individuals as that
furnished by the United States during
the last twenty-live years. During
thee years the earnings of a great na
tion have been flowing into the coffers
of a class of capitalists that rival the
of Europe in the extent of
must exist to
produce such abnormal
rot i Its. lhey
are lounu in the special
. legislation of the country.
aid and protection to capital..
What are the facts in support of this
proposition? In the lirst place the rail
ways have been aided by the govern
ment in the grants of land to the ex
tent of over two hundred million acres.
They have also received the credit of
the government to the extent of more
than sixty millions of dollars. In addi
tion the people in their corporate ca
pacity have bonded their municipalities
to an incredible extent to aid in their
construction. So general has this be
"0).ne that there is scarcely a county,
city, town or village in the west that is
not mortgaged to the railway corpora
tions. These corporations now ride
rough shod over the rights of the peo
ple, and plunder and extort from them
the last dollar that the public will bear.
. "How long, oh Lord, how long."
How is it with the banks? In the
first place the national banks are the
creditors of the government to an
amount ten per cent greater than their
circulation. In their character of pub
lic creditors they are exempt from tax
ation on their bonds, and receive inter
est upon their entire capital from the
government. As banks they receive
ninety per cent of their capital in cur
rency to be employed in their business.
. - i-i . ,
Upon mis iney iiKewise receive a pront.
It is difficult to imagine how pro- I
tection to capital could be carried furth
er than this. The power to issue cur
rency delegated to banking Corpora
tions is a menace to the interests of
the wealth producing classes.
In regard to the protected manufac
turers it is sufficient to refer the reader
to the tariff laws on the national statute
books to show the nature and extent of
the protection extended to this class of
capitalists. An examination of the
census reports will show the effects of
this system on the value of the farms
of the country and on the profits of
those engaged in agriculture. The
- present condition of the laboring classes
. of the country shows clearly the effects
of this policy, wherein the powers of
the government are invoked for the
sole benefit of capital. In the protec
tion thus extended to these three class
es of capitalists, we have the key to
their rapid accumulation of wealth. I
maintain that no other result (other
things being equal) could by any possi
bility follow the present policy of the
government. No effort of the people,
no degree of economy, no amount of
industry : in their several avocations
could have averted these results. The
people are as powerless as though they
were actually in a state of bondage.
They cannot change these results while
the present policy is continued. While
the cause exists the evils must and trill
remain. The remedy must be thorough.
It must go to the source of the evil, and
tear it up root and branch.
In my opinion three things must be
done, and done quickly. The first is
for the people to rise above party and
party predjucies and place the private
corporations in their proper place as
servants and not masters of the people,
even though it should be necessary to
take the control and management of
their property and pay a reasonable
compensation therefor. Let this be
come the recognized purpose of the
people and these corporations will be as
careful to subserve the general interests
as they are now regardless of the rights
of the people.
The second thing that need.1? to be
done is for the people to demand that
the government provide for the free
coinage of silver, making it a full legal
.tender for any and all debts, and that
the present bank currency be retired
.and that a government legal tender cur
rency be issued in its stead to an amount
.equal to the wants of the legitimate
business of the country. Will the Alli
ance demand this (not by resolutions)
but by their votes?
The third thing is for the people to
demand that the government undo its
mischievious legislation protecting capi
tal employed in manufacturing, and
leave the distribution of wealth to fol
low natural laws free from government
meddling and interference. Protection
disturbs trade, establishes monopolies,
creates trusts and interferes with the
operation of the national laws that
otherwise would govern the creation
and distribution of wealth. There is
and can be no creative power in legisla
All that prohibition ever has done or
ever can do for the country is to effect
the distribution of wealth and build up
a priviliged class; and in any country
it means centralization.
Your comments on the late meeting
of Messrs. Leese, Nettleton and others,
and their address to the republicans of
Nebraska, were timely and to the point.
If these gentlemen believe that all our
efforts as organized farmers are to be
directed to the accomplishment of one
single reform, and that within the lines
of a party such as they have so well de
scribed, they will discover their mistake
when our votes are , counted. Their
wail over a sick and dying party re
minds one of a horde of hungry wolves
in a grave yard, or the wail of an old
maid over her dying pet cat, or the last
call of an auctioneer, "going, going,
gone!" Their urgent calls for disinfect
ants suggest to us the urgent need of a
speedy burial. The corpse will not be
wanting unless the present congress
makes haste to relieve the people.
"I Vote for Measures Not for Men."
Some forty years ago I often saw the
above remark from the father of our
country in the newspapers; but modern
political efforts have no use for any such
sentiment or principle. Right measures,
wise laws are necessary to secure
and maintain that"genei-al welfare"and
liberty, the chief objects of all popular
governments, while great"leaders,"par
ties or organizations or great institutions
of learning.commerce or art amount to
nothing so far as the general welfare
and liberty, the independence, happi
ness and safety of the people or the gov
ernment are concerned. This univer
sal law was well understood by our fa
thers who, in destroying primogeniture,
the law of entail and hereditary titles,
supposed they had secured"freedom and
equal rights" for all except the colored
And probably they had but for the
unforeseen steam engine, and the equal
ly unforeseen "incorporation".
The evil results of the unwise and un
constitutional measures establishing
these incorporations that own and con
trol the public means of transportation,
communication and exchange are plain
ly seen in the census reports.
Thus in 18G0the total public debt, not
national but state, county, city, school
district, etc, was $94,774,421; per capita
$3.01; per! male adult $15.05; per farm
Same 1880, $9,117,585,546; per capita
$22.30; per male adult $111.50; per farm
'Railroad debt 1887, $8,890,431,214;
per capita $148.27; per male adult $741.
35; per farm $1,850.19.
Number of insane people in each mil
lion of population 180, 1,834; 1870, 917;
1800, 705; 1850, 673. Number of homi
cides in 103,000 population, 1880, no re
cord; 1870, 5.3; 1860, 3.1; 1850, 1.
Total number of suicides 1880,2,511;
The population had gone from 23,191,
870 in 1850 to 50,155,783 in 1880.
Total number of persons in prison
1880. 59,255; 1850, 0,737.
The number of strikes and lockouts
in 119 years prior to 1860, 136. Same in
6 years 1881 to 1886 inclusive, 24,518.
Number of employes involved 1,483,
036. Loss of employes, employers and
Thirty-three states have enacted con
spiracy' laws in the past few years.
Number of farms over 500 acres and
under 1,000, 1870, 15,873; 1880, 75,972;
of 1,000 acres and over,1870, 3,720; 1880,
Number of millionaires in the country
1850, 2; 1880, frond 5 to 10,000. " In con
gress, prior to 1860, not one; 1880 in the
senate, 25 or 30; in the house, unknown.
Annual income of a railroad presi
dent, 1880, (Vanderbilt) $25,000,000, or
$65,000 per day.
Wages of a railroad section hand,
$1.15 per day of good weather, Sundays
This record shows that as a republican
government, a government of, by and
for the people, ours has been an utter
failure for the last thirty years. As a
government of the boodlers, by the
boodlers and for the boodlers, a system
of robbery of the many toilers for the
benefit of a few idlers, it has been the
success the world ever knew.
Cost of Corn Meal.
W. J. Deaver of Nebraska, writes;
I would like to ask Bro. Win. Hess
why he doubts that the miners of Penn
sylvania are paying 5 cents per pound
for corn meal. What does he have to
pav for oat meal? I buy it here in Ne
braska and pay o cents per pound, and
sell oats at 10 cents per bushel. 1 am
stating this for a fact. Now don't I have
to give two grists for one toll? If I buy
100 pounds of oat meal 1 would have to
sell 1,600 pounds of oats to pay for it if
I paid for it with oats. Corn is worth
12 cents per bushel and if 1 paid for it
with corn it would take 40 bushels, or
2.400 pounds of corn. Then again, raw
hides sell here for 2 cents per pound,and
a pair of three-pound boots cost $5, and
very common harness costs here
You see it would take about 1,400 pounds
of hides to pay for them or about 18
average cow hides. We pay $16 for a
plow, and the real cost of the plow, or
all there is in it that represents labor,
is $2.50. The ore in the earth and the
timber in the tree are valued at about
2o cents; these allow American wages
for putting up and $.oo will cover
all the cost and we should have them
for $5 or $6 instead of $16. We are lots
of us using old plows and old wagons,
old harness and old implements of all
kinds which we can t do a good 10b with,
simply because we have to sell our grain
for nothingand implements are too high
What has become of our "natural laws
of supply and demand" which the old
parties talk so much about? Wre sup-
ply the world nere in me west witn an
1 . Ill J 1. A 1 1
the grain Ave can raise, but it seems as
though the east will supply only what
they can sell at a high rate price They
think it is better to starve a lot of us
than to let us have good implements at
living prices. I think Bro. Hess is nap
ping. Chicago Sentinel.
"Something that nobody else has
had" is what engages the attention of
the hostess who has issued invitations
for a luncheon or dinner. Mrs. Jordan
L. Mott, jr., achieved a success in a
novel luncheon she gave on Wednes
day in honor of Mrs. George B. MeClel-
lan and Miss May McClellan. Every
thing, from the table cloth and napkins
to the topmost decorations of the frost
ed cakes was in the style of the First
empire. At each plate were placed
large bunches of violets, the Napolenic
flower. A general discussion of the
life and character of the emperor fol
lowed, in which all present participated
NeAV York Journal; '
William D. Clayton, a veteran of the
civil war, who passed nineteen months
in a confederate prison, is likely to lose
to-morrow his poor apartments at 418
West Sixteenth street from inability to
pay rent. He is a sorter of ship's car
goes, an occupation seldom worth a
dollar a day, and sometimes scarcely a
dollar a week. These precarious wages
are all the income he has, his eldest son
having through an illness which con
fined him many weeks in a hospital
lost a place worth $3 a week. Mrs
Clayton died on January 9 with her
new-born child. Both would have
probably lived had nourishing food
been more plentiful in the Clayton
family. Mrs. Catharine Markey, Mrs.
Clayton's mother, died on Friday froia
debility, due to lack of proper treat
ment and good food, as much as any
thing. Mr. Clayton has put his two
little daughters in an institute, but a
sickly boy, whom his oldest son, hav
ing now nothing else to do, takes care
of, makes three persons to provide for.
Mr. Clayton's family bible shows that
he belongs to a family that have been
in this country over 150 years. He
served in the Twelfth Massachusetts.
New York Sun.
Small dinners, musicals, readings.
recitations and Patti and Tamaguo at
the Metropolitan have been the only
social incidents of the week. People
are arriving every day from r loruia,
although there are enough still left
there to make the Ponce de Leon quite
gay. Miss Cameron, Miss Catherine
Cameron and Miss Flora Davis have
returned from Washington, where they
spent a very gay week at the Shoreham
under the chaperonage of Mrs. Street,
the mother of Mi3. L. P Morton. On
the arrival Miss Davis gave a daisy
dinner, the table being decorated with
marguerites, and the "daisies" who sur
rounded it even looking fresher and
prettier than the flowers themselves.
Among them were Miss Hargous, Miss
jina Post, Miss Lleanor Duer, Miss
Camilla Moss and Miss Jeanne Bor-
rovve, the guest of honor being Prince
Yturbide of Mexico. N. Y. Sun.
Yesterday afternoon one of the in
mates of a lodging house at 15 Cresceut
place noticed an unpleasant odor from
a little room in the attic, which was oc
cupied by a woman named Mary Mul-
osney, sixty years old. (Juicer Hogan
of station 3 was notified and procuring
a key he opened the door and found
the dead body of the old woman lying
on the lloor. It was badly decomposed
and had evidently been there several
days. She had been missing, so the in
mates of the house say, for two months.
So far as can be ascertained she had no
riends or relativas in the city or in the
world. It is thought that she became
ill in the room, and having no one to
ook after her, died of want and old age
together. Boston post.
Like a vision of loveliness embodied
Marie Halton the pretty vivandiere of
the "Drum Major" company reclined in
an easy chair in her dainty room in the
Hotel Vendom when a Journal reporter
called. She wore a scanty sleeved
dress of soft lavender color, which set
off her trim figure to advantage, and
ooked supremely happy.
"I spend great sums in dress," she
said. "My dresses consume more mon
ey than I care to say."
' flow much would you average, say,
a month in dresses?"
"Oh, you mustn't ask me that. I
would be positively ashamed to say. If
I began to calculate what I spent last
month on dresses it would appal me. I
dare not do it." New York Journal.
Utica, N. Y. A young woman was
found dead here to-day in St. Agues'
cemetery. Ihere was an empty lauda
num vial near the body. Ihe name
"Mary L. Eaglesfield" was on an enve
lope containing a cabinet photograph of
the woman taken in Albany. A note
was found worded as follows: "I have
worked until I am tired out. I have no
right anywhere on earth. Won't some
charitable person bury me without go
ing to a great expense? My brother is
in Berlin, is. 1 have written him to
pay lor my burial without taking my
body to rJinghampton. liury me in the
Potter's field anywhere only lay me
to rest. I hope I will succeed in end
ing my life and not make a failure of it.
N . Y. I nbune.
Mr. Charles H. Marshall gave a rose
bud dinner on Thursday evening at
which were all the debutants of this
winter, with men belonging to an older
and sager set, such as Mr. Rid g way
Moore.Mr. John Beresford, John Kings
ford and other veterans in society's bri
gade. N. Y. World.
Resolutions of Logan County Allinnce.
Gandy, Neb., April 5, 1890.
Whereas, The producers of the coun
try are oppressed by the stagnation in
trade and the low price of all the pro
ducts of labor, and believing that un
just legislation is the principal cause;
therefore be it
Resolred. By the Logan County Farm
ers Alliance: l. lhat we demand a
change in the monetary, tariff and reve
2. We are in favor of a national bu
reau of labor whose duty it shall be to
adjust all differences between capital
3. We demand of the legislature of
Nebraska a law making the penalty for
usury a forfeiture of principal and in
4. We demand of congress the free
and unlimited coinage of gold and sil
ver, and that such coin be supplement
ed by an amount of currency sufficient
to double the present prices of the pro
ducts of the farm, and loaned to farmers
on their landed security at the same
rates as now to national banks.
5. That we demand a law making
all conspiracies for the control of the
prices of products by gambling opera
tions and trusts, a penal offense.
b. vv e demand of our next legisla
ture an act reducing the rates of freight
upon Nebraska roads to a figure not
exceeding those in force in Iowa.
7. lhat no existing party has shown
a disposition to legislate in accordance
with the above resolutions, therefore.
we believe the time has come when the
organization of a new party of the la
boring people is a pressing necessity.
W. A. MANSFIELD,
W. C. T. U. COLUMN.
Edited by Mrs. S. C. O.
Neb., of the Nebraska
Upton, of Lincoln,
The editor of The Alliance nlaces the re
sponsibility of this column in the care of the
The Non-Partisan Convention.
Thfi St.fttft Pnnvpntinn nf tl, o XVin.
Partisan Prohibition Amendment league
convened in Bbhanan's hall "on the after
noon of Wednesday, April 16.
ADout auu delegates were in attend
ance, all enthusiastic in pushing the
work of making Nebraska a prohibition
Jfresiaent J. A. Atkinson marl a nn
opening address explaining the object
of the league.
He believed that when Nebraska
swings into line with the four prohibi
tion states siirrnnndinor it will V tho
beginning of the end of the rum power
! 1 T T i 1 i ' . -vv . . . . , . , , -.
m me unuea states, tie said: 'ftnouiti
we fail, and I don't believe we will, it
will be heralded all over the countiy as
a victory for high license. People will
say, Nebraska has tried high license
and is satisfied with it." He appealed
to men not to permit this.
From the Western Brewer of Chicago
the speaker quoted statistics on the con
dition of the liquor traffic in Kansas
and Nebraska. In Kansas in 1880, 32,
436 barrels of malt liquors were sold.
ALLIANCE GROCERY HOUSE.
Largest and most complete stock of Teas, Cof
fees and Spices in the west.
at prices quoted by State Agent's price list on
all mail orders sent by secretaries or busi
ness agents of Alliances.
cent on Teas, Coffees
goods of us. Samples
Lincoln National Bank. J. W. Hartley, Alliance Business Agent.
lra45 S. P. STEVENS &
In Nebraska in the same year 40,903
barrels of liquor were sold. Kansas 1
had prohibition, Nebraska the Slocumb
high license law. In 1889 Kansas con- j
sumed 8,700 barrels of liquor; Nebraska
136,681.- Kansas had prohibition; Ne
braska Slocumb high license. Conclu
sions could be easily drawn.
Hon. E. K. Hutchins of DesMoines
addressed a large audience on Wedes
day evening. He said: "He came not
for a display of oratory, but to bring
from Iowa her cordial and sisterly
greeting to Nebraska and a hearty
"Godspeed in the mighty work upon
which the people were just entering."
' He then gave a history of Iowa's
struggle for constitutional prohibition
and the joy of the victors when it was
won. After it had been swept from
them by a decision of the court, they
battled for statutory prohibition. This
law had been repeatedly strengthened
and although people said when Iowa
elected a democratic governor that it
meant the repeal of the prohibition
statute he assured the audience that
the legislature had adjourned the
day previous and that the pro
hibition banner stood jnst where it
had stood before. Also that it was
there to stay and that Iowa wished Ne
braska to take the same stand.
"The man who says prohibition does
not prohibit in Iowa," said the speaker,
"does not know what he is- talking
about. I might say a great deal worse,
but I guess you understand me."
"Say he lies," shouted some one in
the audience, and the speaker said he
supposed he did.
That there were 100 saloons in JJes
Moines, the speaker denied emphatical
ly or that there was one. He read a
number of opinions from district judges,
all tending to show that prohibition does
prohibit and that the country is pros
perous under the law. That there were
violations of the law was not to be de
nied, but all the criminal laws which
are prohibitory are violated and yet
they are not repealed.
Mr. Hutchins is an ex-commissioner
of statistics in Iowa and no one is better
qualified to know the workings of the
prohibitory law there.
He quoted a large-amount of statistics
showing how the cr of DesMoines had
prospered and grown under prohibition
and read statements from many Iowa
judges, all testifying to the general
effectiveness of the law to suppress sa
loons and lessen the evils resulting from
them. The chief point made and estab
lished by overwhelming evidence was
that the law was not injurious to the
business interests of Iowa, but tended
to increase the general prosperity, les
sen taxes, and build up legitimate
In closing he emphasized the work of
the children and the women in the cam
paign and closed with a beautiful figure
in which prohibition was described as a
temple reared by many willing workers
on which should be the" inscription,
"National Constitutional Prohibition."
On Thursday evening Gen. A. B.
Campbell of Kansas made a most elo
quent speech to an audience which
packed the hall to its utmost capacity.
His testimony as to the results of pro
hibition in Kansas was strongly in favor
of that measure, and he spoke from ab
solute knowledge, as did the speaker on
the previous evening, telling the audi
ence most eloquently and positively
that Kansas did not want the question
resubmitted, but wanted Nebraska to
unite with her to drive every saloon
from our fair land. The liquor men
howl for resubmission there, but no
In addition to resolutions setting
forth the well-known principles of the
league, the following was passed:
Whereas, The present contest in Ne
braska is a life and death struggle be
tween license and prohibition as meth
ods of dealing with the liquor traffic,
the results of which will be felt through
out the county; and
Whereas, The Non-Partisan Prohib
itory Amendment League is organizing
for victory in this campaign regardless
of party or religious affiliations; and
Whereas, The legitimate expenses of
such a campaign require a large amount
of money; therefore be it
Resolved, That all churches, W. C. T.
U., I. O. G. T., Y. M. C. A. organiza
tions, red, blue and yellow ribbon clubs,
temperance societies and prohibition
clubs throughout the United States be
earnestly requested to set apart Sun
day, May 18, 1890, as "Nebraska pro
hibitory amendment day," and the same
be observed with appropriate services,
and that collections be then taken and
forwarded to J. M. Stevart, treasurer
of the Non-Partisan Prohibitory Amend
ment League, Lincoln, Neb., to be used
under the direction of the League in the
Gentle and Effective.
A new notion in the way of temper
ance reform is going on in Berwick,
Pa. Most of the men in the place are
employed in the car shops of a great
manufacturing company. Recently the
president of the company called the ho
tel keepers and other licensed liquor
sellers together and proposed to pay
them the amount they would make by
the sale of liquor for one year, on con
dition that they. would not apply for li
cense nor sell liquors. . They assented
and the amount to be paid was fixed by
agreement at about six-thousand dol
lars. The company , believe thev can
afford that sum to have the taverns and
restaurants kept on temperance princi
ples for one year.. The benefit to their
workmen will be several times six
Combination and organization is the
most essential requisite for a successful
war on the liquor traffic Ex.
The Chicago Champion is calling on
the friends of the liquor traffic to come
to the front with their money to help
defeat the Amendment in Nebraska,
and says that even though it should
cost $100,000 it would be worth ten
times more to the trade of the United
states man it would cost.
and Spices by ordering
of Teas mailed on appli
CO., 1207 O Street, Lincoln.
The Union Signal has this to say of
Editor Hardy and his paper:
The .Yew Republic, prohibition organ,
in Nebraska is being overlooked in the
urgent claims of other and excellent pa
pars for circulation in the great cam
paign that is now on; can we not apply
some of our funds right there in
the state to meet the needs of local
workers? If our constituteney knew
the heroic struggle of a few true hearts
to keep 4rthat paper going they would
forward their gifts to Mr. H. W. Hardy,
Lincoln, Neb., the "Abe Lincoln" of our
Nebraska work. So shrewd is he, so
kind and so indomitable, that when the
liquor men put a coffin on his door
step to indicate his fate if he continued
to prosecute them, he calmly took it to
the store, sold it for seven dollars and
gave the money to the W. C. T. U. Mr.
Hardy who has been ill all winter with
rheumatism, edits the paper from his
sick room, and his wife, former Presi
dent of the state W. C. T. U., aids him
in every way she can. Help that man
and woman to carry that load and you
have mightily helped prohibition in
It should be remembered that if the
proposed license amendment should car
ry next fall there will be no choice be
tween license and no license as now, but
wherever a saloon might- be established
there the authorities would be obliged
to license it. It would abolish our
high license and local option law.
We were traveling south on one of
the roads leading into Kansas, not long
ago, and as we approached the state
line a stop was made to take water.
We saw just across the way, a shabby
looking building with this sign nailed
over the door: "Your last chance."
Having a little curiosity in the matter
we asked a boy on the" platform what
that building was. "It is a saloon,"
said he. "What is the meaning of that
sign over the door?" "It means" said
the boy, "that if you are going into
Kansas that this is your last chance for
a sip." "What, dont they sell liquor in
Kansas?" we inquired. "No, siree; and
you will find out that they will arrest
you if they smell your breath."
No Great Man Smokes Cigarettes.
It has come to be generally under
stood that the boy who smokes ciga
rettes makes himself smell bad and
grows idiotic. The Charleston Sun on
this subject says: "And now we learn
that Emperor "William of Germany is a
cigarette smoker. This settles it He
will never turn the world upside down.
Water cannot rise aboye its level, and
smoking cigarettes has never yet in
spired any one to heroic deeds. From
Alexender to Napoleon Bonapart no
great man was ever addicted to this
habit. The man who spends the most
appreciable portion of his existence
striking matches to keep alive the
lighted end of a roll of paper suffed
with vile smelling tobacco, rehashed
out of castaway cigar stumps, has very
little brains and soon fritters away the
modicum with which nature has endow
ed him." .Yew Orleans Picayune.
In some localities there are many
foreigners who might be influenced in
favor of temperance by sending them
literature in their own language. Mrs.
Belle G. Biglow of Lincoln, announces
that she has on hand large quantities of
German, bwedish, Danish and Nor
wegian temperance literature which
will be sent free to anyone sending pos
tage for the same. Friends of the
cause who can distribute such litera
ture where it will be read please send
to her and mention the name of the
editor of "The Alliance" column and
you will receive it free, postage being
provided for by your editor until your
orders get too large. Hoping that some
may be induce d to try this way of
working we make this offer.
from the premises of the undersigned, lit
miles north of Mead, on or about April 6th
1890, three colts and one pony two of the
colts yearling ana one a two-year-oia nlley.
One colt is a gray in color and the pony and
other two colts are bays. Anyone taking up
the same and giving information or the tact.
either at the Aevocate office or to the under
signed, will be liberally rewarded.
2w45 110BERT Murray, Mead, Neb.
BK00M CORN SEED.
I have a quantity of very choice California
Evergreen broom corn seed for sale at f 2.00
per bushel. Address, L. S. Orcutt,
Sec'y Farmer's Alliance No. 387.
Your name neatly printed on one hundred
visiting cards with your photograph in one
corner for one dollar. These photos are neat
ly finished and aa good as any cabinet size
picture you can get. and one hundred or them
costs you less than one-third the price of one
dozen crbinets that you get of any one else,
in ordering, send a caoinet photo or tintype
of yourself, which will be returned to you
write your name and address plain and aa
press all orders to
LINCOLN CARD CO.. Lincoln. Neb.
Mention the paper you saw this ad in when
nDRSERY STOCK AND SEEDS.
Write at once for our complete cata
logue and see how low we are
We are headquarters for Apple,
Plum, Grapes, Small Fruits and Nur
sery Grown Forest Tree Seedlings.
SIOUX CITY NURSERY AND
43i Sioux City, Iowa.
TEN CAE LOADS OP HARDWARE AT ONE TIME.
Not implements, wagons. &c, but Ton Car
up a first class hardware stock. We are in better shape to do a
"W HOLE SALE
than anj house in the state outside of Omaha.
UMU Will IUHKU
Better Prices than any of our Competitors.
We have adopted a schedule of prices
ESPECIALLY FOR THE
As we are making wholesale pretensions and buy largely, and from flrat h
safely place your orders with us. Wo
in every instance, both as to prices and quality of goods. Our stock consists In part of the
very best lines of Builders' Hardware: a complete line of Mechanics' Goods;
$5,000 in Bolts and Screws
alone. A larjare stock of Granite I ron Ware
Special Low Prices on Stamped and Fieced llnware. We are also manufacturers of Tin,
Copper and Sheet Iron ware. Any orders In that line will receive prompt attention.
We unload to-day
A CAR LOAD OF BARB WIRE AND NAILS.
Give us atrial: send us your wants: remember we have received a train load of ha.nl.
ware Inside of one month .
1140 O Street.
ONE OF THE
Write for New
BOOTS AND SHOES
We carrv the LARGEST STOCK for all aorta
of trade of any house
fill all orders by mail
anything m the SHOE
WEBSTER & ROGERS,
1043 O Street, Lincoln, Neb.
A. HURLBUT. T. MILTONBERQER.
.A.- UTTIRXjIBTJT 8o CO.,
GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS, HATS & CAPS.
CORNER P AND TENTH STREETS, LINCOLN, NEB. TERMS CASH.
10 per cent off will he . allowed on all regular prices to mem
bers the Farmers Alliance, ivhere they may he hnown. Orders
hy mail receive the same attention and prices as if the parties were
present in person. A. Hurlbut,
senior partner of HURLBUT & CANE, New York JOB
BERS IN CLOTHING, samples may he seen at his office
with above firm.) whice gives this firm a prestige over alll
firms in the state in their line.
Loads of the very best makna thnt tm tn n.u
As we sell almost strictly for casn, wo can
Sa - tisfetotion.
direct from the manufacturers. Can make
SIIARPE ROSS CO.,
A North 10th St., Lincoln, Neb.
F. W. H0IDIAN,
Oldest and most complete Music
House in the state, display
ing leading and Jirst-class
PIANOS and ORGANS.
A full line of Violins, Accordeons, and Mu
sical Merchandise. Sheet Music and Musio
Books. Agent for celebrated makes of
Brass Instruments. The Alliance can savo
from 15 to 20 per cent. Special Terms to
Clubs. Correspondence or a call solicited.
F. W. IIOHMAN.
April 15th. I
west of Ohicasro. and can
at once. Write us for
J. M.O RANTHAM,
J. M. Bennett,
Stock Com. Co.
SALESMEN : D. C (Shan) P axson, Cat
tle.. G. W. Jackson, Hogs.
MONEY FURNISHED TO RE
Reference: Any bank in Nebraska.
Write us for any Information to Room
9, Exchange BuildiBg:, So. Omaha. . 40tf
of HURLBUT & CO., is the
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