The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892, April 19, 1890, Image 1

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NO. 41.
in i
Notice to Subscribers.
As tire easiest and cheapest wrre&ts of notl-
Sring subscribers of thu date ot their xpira
ona wa will mark this notic. Trith u oiue or
red Tncil, on the dte at rtiich their bud
cription expires. We will -send the paper
two weeks after expiration. If not renewed
by that time it will be discontinued.
Government Ownership of Railroads.
'Editoi: Fahmeks' -Alliance: In au
'editorial in a recent number in ppeak
!in of the interest realized from farm
property you practically admit that
interest on railroad property is right,
that private ownership and control of
'these national public highways is all
right, is in accord with the- principles
of republican government; of the con
stitution of this country. And Mana
ger lloldrcdge in his letter to Attorney
General Leese reminds that ollicial that
lie, has acknowledged that the compa
nies have a right to draw reasonable in
terest from railroad property.
And I notice in the last Alliance,
April 5, that the executive committee
of the Minnesota Alliance requests the
co-operation of their brothers to so
amend the constitution as to abolish this
new slavery.
Now if you or Mr. Leese, or your
Minnesota state committee or any body
else will ((note from the constitution of
the United States the article that autho
rizes the government to permit private
citizens to own and control national
public highways, "the commerce be
tween the several states,'' or show how
it is possible under a real republican
government, a go eminent that is in
reality as well as in name a govern
ment'of the people, by the people, and
for the people, for private citizens to
own public highways, reap a perpetual
proht ot interest ami dividends lrom
these public highways, or for time in
stead of eternity, I will acknowledge
that I may have been mistaken in say
ing that the whole sj'stem is a fraud;
resting entirely upon the willingness of
the people to be fooled and defrauded
by a set of boodlers that they them
selves had created in violation of every
' principle of republican government,
and without even a shadow of authority
in the national constitution. If I am
not mistaken in this, and 1 am very con
fident that neither our attorney general
or any one else can show that I am,
then the state rights doctrines of Cal
houn, or ''secession" Avere no more
rank treason than is the creation of
these "great American rulers,'' who tax,
rob. and oppress the great mass of far
mers and other toilers to a greater ex
tent than any government, whether re
publican or iimited, or despotic mon
archy. v The creation of a public debt of ten
billion ol-tlollars--for a-debt - created -
by private citizens in building and ope
rating public highways is a public debt.
by a few private citizens who are en
craered in the most lucrative business of
the country, and who draw annually
from four to five hundred millions of
dollars in interest, dividends and cor
ruption funds from the four and a half
million farms there Mere 4,008,907
farms of three acres and upwards in
1880, according to the United States
census report shows an amount of
robbery that is not exceeded even in
landlord rack-rent cursed Ireland.
The amount of "net earnings," se
cured by these private property public
highways, "great American riders''
from 1879 to 1888 inclusive was $2,858,
44,4, more than $100,000,000 more
than the whole national debt Aug. ill,
180."). While this nation of fifty and
sixty million people in twenty-live
years still lack about a bullion of having
paid the debt.
At the rate of increase for the next
ten years these railroad kings will aver
age more than $500,000,000 a year "net
earnings." The value of all the farms
of this country, including land, fences
and buildings in 1880, the last census
report gives at $10,197,096,770, or just
about the amount of the railroad stock
and debt; and as farmers have to pay
for everything they must pay this mort
gage, which is nearly equal to the full
value of their farms, or rather for ever
pay interest and dividends.
The estimated value of all farm pro
ductions sold, consumed or on hand
in 1879, the census report gives at
$2.',U,4O0,ni54, and the "gross earnings"
of the railroads for that year was $225,
020,577. just about one fourth the value
of the total productions.
The "gross earnings" for 1887, the
last year 1 have the figures for, was
$910,150,702, and wiih the extremely
low price of farm produce at the pres
ent time, the just about one billion of
"gross railroad earnings" may requira
nearly half the farm productions for its
Of course, railroads are a good thing,
a necessity; but a little common sense
ought to teach every bod' that these
puMic highways, like common public
highways, should be made only where
the public nee ds them, anil should lie
paid for by the public, and have no
debt with its eternal interest, much less
ten billions of debt on two billions of
property. And any reform movement
that allows any public highways to re
main private property, or any public
affairs to be owned or controlled by pri
vate citizens is only a little less of a
fraud than the great republican anil
democratic parties that have created
and maintained this the most gigantic
and disgraceful system for robbing the
many to benefit the tew, to enslave the
toilers for the benefit of a boodle aris
tocracy that ever cursed any people
from the day of Adam to the present
time. C. M. Clakk.
President Clover's Letter.
That sturdy patriot and honest man,
15. II. Clover, president of the Kunsas
State Alliance, has stirred up a hornet's
nest by writing a straight-forward, out
spoken letter to tbe Kansas delegation
in reply to a bunch of inter
views published by the members of that
delegation in the shape of a manifesto
against the Alliance. Addressing one
of the members, Judge Peters, he says:
"Mr. Peters, allow me to say that the
people are looking at things in the light
of reason, and the facts as they exist are
being investigated; the dishwater twad
dle you use in your interview with the
press correspondent wont go down any
longer. You seem to be possessed with
no other idea than that the people who
have come to Kansas and made her
what she is agriculturally, must leave
and give ip their homes to a class who
may coaae after them. I know- that is
the monopolistic idea, but the farmers
are gating other ideas into their heads.
They want these homes and intend to
make the best tight for them they know
how. 'Hasten foreclosures,' indeed!
when money loanersare bunching the
business of foreclosing and employing
attorneys at reduced rates. Injure the
credit of the state! How can the credit
of the state be injured w hen the world
can look on and see her magnificent
cities, her bursting granaries, her
esteeming fields and hopeful though poverty-stricken
people. All this while her
political interests and law making pow
er has been almost from infancy in the
hands of the most unscrupulous, self
seeking and corrupt gang of political
shysters that ever infested any land
since time began? These same politi
cal barnacles have held the people in
their grasp and allowed them to be rob
bed by every combine, trust or corpora
tion, and generally got pay for the ser
vices thus rendered monopoly. They
enacted real estate mortgage laws which
the late Governor John A.Martin truth
fully said were simply legalized thef t.and
chattel mortgage laws which he said
with equal truth were little short of
highway robbery. The people of Kansas
are getting their eyes open and from
this time on things will look different.
The Alliance will not go into politics,
and there Avill probably be but two par
ties the Papsuckers' and the people.
The former will represent those who
are now in the official pen, enjoying the
public teat, as well as those who an
squealing along the fence. The people
will represent those who love Kansas
for herself alone, and not for the olli
cial patronage she may have to distri
bute or the party boodle she may have
to bestow.
The Star of March 18, speaking of the
manifesto editorially, voiced very near
ly the true feeling of the Alliance,and
shows that it has had its linger on the
Alliance pulse, but when it expresses the
fear that after doing all other tilings
just right it will be wrecked on the tar
ill' rock, it 'reckons without its host."
Possess your soul in peace, dear Star;
the Alliance looks upon the tariff ques
tion as a matter of business anil not one
of politics. The Alliance is ready and
intends to demand far greater reduc
tions than your dear old democratic
party ever dared to demand. "When
these demands come they may not be
labeled strictly and purely democratic,
and, if not, will the Star come up to the
rack simply for the tariff reduction fod
der found therein, or has it a
fatuity for party allegiance?
Those votes you speak of, whatever
they may number, will be behind the
Lwhoie - - lifc - of demands, and -we will ask
our brothers ot tne south anil or the
north; of the east and of the west, to
join in the grandest movement of the
century. We ask the lovers of liberty
everywhere to rally to the stand
ard of truth, justice and right, and with
uplifted hand declare that as the labor
er is worthy of his hire, by the eternal
we shall have it!" Yours Truly,
15. II. Clover.
The reply made to Pres't Clover is,
"O, you want to be governor." Well,
whether he wants to be governor or not,
the people of Kansas cannot do better
than to make him governor.
Red Willow County Alliance.
Indianola, Neb., April 5, 1890.
Ed. Alliance: The following reso
lutions were adopted by the Red Willow
County Alliance at its session to-day:
Whereas, Experience and observation
have, beyond a reasonable doubt, proven
that legislation is not in favor of the
masses, but in the interests of capitalists;
That the beet sugar scheme is but an
other cunningly devised plan for the
further concentration of the fruits of la
bor without recompense into the hands
of the few; Therefore,
Resolved, That we demand that sugar
be put on the free list.
Ihat legal tender money be loaned to
home owners at a rate of interest that
will defray expenses of issuing the
Resolved, That we will vote for such
persons only for public officers as will
use their best efforts to legislate in the
interest of the whole people; and that a
copy oi these resolutions be sent to G.L.
Laws M. C, and to the Faumeks' Alli
ance for publication. A. C. Black,
Salaries of Public Officials.
Alma. Neb., March, 22, 1890
Ed. Alliance: I noticed in your issue
ot this date an article lrom J. is. Asler,
in regard to the "salaries of our public
servants, lhis is one branch ot reform
that has been very little agitated by the
reform element in this state. I believe
that it is a question that should receive
the attention of all good citizens of the
state and nation.
As a matter of fact the salaries of our
public servants have been increased out
ot all proportion to the wages ot the
producing classes of the country.
Is the great advance on account of bet-
- it..
ter services rendered, better economy
in the administration ot our anairs?
We think not. We believe it a scheme
not only to enrich an army of office
holders, but to so blind their sense of
duty to their constituents that they will
more lavishly expend the people's
monej'. Looking over the appropria
tions made by the present congress, we
hnd public buildings ranging in cost
from $60,000 to $2,500,000 are being
planted promisciously through the states
with as little concern as an ordinary
hay-seed farmer would have in planting
the cotton-wood trees that he gleans
from the river bank upon his mortgaged
farm. I think we can-trace this extrava
gance from the inception of the salary
grabbing era of the sixties to the present
A-l '1 M- i- -A 1 ,
unit;. j.init cAiiitvai'ance in puoiic Or
, -i -i ,.
nee nas increased, ana increased in
erreater rat 10 since larere salaries have
been granted to our public servants is
an indisputable fact.
TT "1 j 1 A A 4 O 14 1 1 m
i nua mat up 10 1041, tne end oi our
first half century, the entire expen
ditures of the government, including
. : i Y.-,-i: ii . it i i P
pensions aiiu exciuuing me puunc ueut,
was $632,351,388, and our population
naa reached beyond seventeen millions
At this date our population may reach
sixty-live minions, ana the aDnroDria
tionsof the present congress will doubt
less reach $700, 000. 000, or in other words
more than the entire expenditure of our
government for the first fifty years of
its existence.
"Growth in population," says an emi
nant writer, "must involve some increase
in the expense of government, but it
cannot be shown that the necessary in
crease would be even observable except
through a considerable period of years."
Our public servants are losing their
heads. They seem to forget that the
country is heavily in debt and that mil
lions of farmers are almost hopelessly
involved. One would naturally suppose
by the adroitness with which they intro
duce and pass bills that it was simply a
matter of how much money they could
expend during the session, and not how
much of the people's earnings they
could save. There will le no surplus to
fight over in '02.
We want less venality and more hon
esty; less fine thinking and more right
doing in congress. Cut salaries of pub
lic officers in two in the middle, and if
the great agricultural people continue
on the downward move cut them in two
Perhaps this method would have a
tendency to enlist our law-makers with
the producing classes instead of the
rnonied corporations. When our pub
lic servants saw that the price of farm
and other implements had something to
do with the price of their services, we
would spetdily get help.
Salaries must be reduced, retrench
ment must commence at once, money
must be issued to correspond with the
increased production and the general
government must absolutely control the
volume of money. We must have more
old time frugality and less modern .hy
pocrisy to bring about these results.
So far as the affairs of our own state
are concerned, we must have 100,000
readers for the Faioiehs' Alliance.
W . J. IIickox.
A Chapter on Insurance.
I have partly canvassed the town
ship in which I live and find that there
has been paid out for insurance $1,075,
and that our people have received for
losses $648 in the last ten years. Or
about 38 per cent, while the balance 02
percent, has been used y the com-
any to pay agents, ofiieers, advertis
ing (such as tin plate calendars, etc.., )ro
ay nothing of the dividends and cor-
uption fund, the latter perhaps used to
nlluence state legislators to believe
that the farmers are fools and do not
enow enough to run au insurance com
iany of their own on an honest plan,
and that they will use their (the peo
ple's) money to pass a law regulating
he organization and running oi mutual
companies, so tnat it cannot oe none
without a fraud, viz. a cash capital paid
in one day and out the next.
Hut let us consider the $1,0 oj taken
from our township w hile Ave have re
ceived but $648 in return. Stock com
pany men tell us that Ave can't imagine
the immense expense that companies
are to in maintaining a company on a
sound basis, as they please to call it, but
lere is $1,027 taken from our township
in the last ten years, or $100 per year
for this self same management. 1 take
it for granted that what is true of one
township is true ot the county over,
and as Ave haA e 25 townships in our
county Ave are making money for
somebody at the rate of $2,400 per an
num. Rut ot course the stock insur
ance man will tell you that I have not
represented facts, but if you will take
the trouble to look over your own
township you can tell them (or any
one else) how it stands at home. And
then again let us see Avhere the money
r i ill 1 . 1 a i
goes, li you win iook at ine statement
of any company you Avill see that their
cash capital is on the increase (lrom
the surplus,) that their dividends are
high, and that their management ex
penses'are collossal.aud that their bonds
and mortgages on (your) farms (my
brother) are on the increase. Let us
look at almost any company organized
twenty or more years ago Avith, say
$50,000 capital, almost all of them have
a cash capital now ot $200,000, and all of
the difference viz. $150,000 made out of
the $100 per annum from the many
townships in the different states, and
Avith only a real inACstmcnt of their
OAvn of the original $50,000; and aside
from this addition to cash capital yo
Avill find that the stock holders are
drawing an interest of say 5 per cent.
on their stock, but Avheu the stock has
been raised out of the earnings of the
company to four times the original you
Avill plainly see that the o per cent, is
sue is 20 per cent, ot the real money
paid for the first $50,000; and further
you aviII notice that most companies
have a cash dividend annually paid,
many ot them about $40,000. bo you
will see that this amount is 80 per cent
of the original, Avhich if you will add
to the seeming 5 per cent, (or actual 20
per cent:) you Avill have the insurance
companies receiving the snug sum of
$100 per cent, per annum on actual
cash invested. And still Ave are told
that Ave have no idea of the expense of
running an insurance company. Of
course all ofiieers and agents are paid a
good round sum for their Avork. Some
of them reaching to the thousands,
while all must be paid for by the far
I hope the time Avill come when, the
laws of Nebraska" will admit the run
ning of an insurance company on a
sound and substantial basis on the mu
tual plan. But I must not take too
mucn space tins time, but win give
another chapter some time if it is
thought best. A Farmek.
For the Druggists.
Des Moines, April 11. The pharmacy bill
under consideration in the senate, repeals
the present law and provides that permits
be granted by the district courts to sell
and dispense liquors for mechanical,
medicinal, culinary and sacramental pur
poses and these alone. Physicians may
dispense liquor as medicine. Permit hold
ers must be under oath and file bonds
Liquors can be sold only on a written cer
tificate of the person as to the
legality of the purpose for which they are
to be used, and such purchaser must be
personally known to the seller. Each per
mit holder must show everv two months
the amount of liquor bought, on hand and
sold during the period. Conviction for
violation of the act works the revocation
ct the certificate of the pharmacist. Per
buhs masinsr raise certmcates oi the pur
chase, or signing false names, shall be
punished by a fine of 920 to $100, or im
prisonment for ten to thirty days. The
bill Is a substitute for the measure wo.
posed by the state pharmaceutical associa
tion. .
Tbe Senate.
Washington, April 8. In the Ecnate to
day the house bill to admit free of duty
articles intended for the St Louis exposi
tion in 1890 that may be imported from
Mexico, was amended so as to read "and
other republics and the Dominion of Can
ado." The bill then pasted and a confer
ence was aeked.
The senate then resumed consideration
of the Montana case and Spooner contin
ued his argument in favor of the republi
can claimants.
Pogh argued in favor of the minority
report. When he had spoken for half an
hcur Butler stated that Pugh was not
well enough to continue his speech; he
moved the Montana election case be
laid aside for a day and the an ti trust bill
bs taken up.
Sherman eaid that -while the amended
bill wan not at all what he wanted, he be
lieved It the best that could bs get and
would vote for It.
Vest said he was satisfied on reflection
that the public interest required the pas
sage of the bill as it stood.
After further debate tbe bill was passed
yea? 52, nays 1 (Blodgeci).
Tbe bill as passed is exactly cs it came
from the judiciary committer.
Washington. April ft Mr. Wiison of
Iowa cflered a resolution, which was ;
agreed to, instructing ithe cammlttee on
interstate commerce to irquire what ad
ditional legislation if necessary in respect
to commutation and excursion tickets to
prevent the abuses now existing in regard
to individuals and localities.
The houtel bill appropriating $75,CC0 to
supply tbe deficiency occasioned by the
Silcott defalcation pasped.
The senate then resumed fionideratiou
of the Montana case and Mr. Patrh con
cluded, h a arguments in favor of the dem
ocratic claimants.
la the course ol the discussion as to the
time for a vote it was etated by Mr. Mor
gan that the democratic senators were
ready to vote upon tie question without
further debate.
The oiler was accepted on the republican
fside, but the arrangement wan deft ated by
Mr. Call taking the floor and stating his
desire to address the senate on the subject
Washington, April 10. Among the bills
reported from the commifctee3 and placed
on the calendar, were the following: The
senate bill appropriating $2,284,000 for the
improvement of the Columbia river; Ore
gon; the house bill to aid vesaels disabled
in waters co-terminu3 to the United States
and Canada; the senate bill to revive the
grade of lieutenant general of tha army.
The Montana election case was again
taken up and Mr. Call addressed the senate
in opponon to the report of the majority of
the committee declaring the two republi
can claimants, Sanders and Power, entitled
upon the merits of the case to seats in the
Eenato irotri jvioiv - . ,
As the conclusion oi Jttr. call s speeon
Mr. Hoar spoke in support of the majority
After several other senators had spoken
upon the subject the matter went over.
Washington, April 11. In the senate to
day consideration of the Montana election
case was resumed. Senator Evarts epeak
ing in favor of the majority report He
said the proposition on the democratic side
was that the senate was to be a canvassing
board higher than the territorial canvass
ing board, while the proposition on the re
publican side was that the senate had no
such power of revision. The latter, he
eaia, was a propsitlon oi tne constitution,
of the safety of the senate and of the
equality of the states.
Alter tnrtner aeoate noar gave nonce
that on Monday he should ask the senate
to remain in session until the Montana case
was disposed of.
Hawley, from tne committee on quaaro-
cectenmal celebration, reported back,
with amendments, the house bill for the
world's fair at Chicago, and said he nopea
to have it taken up and passed Monday.
Washington, April 12. In the senate to
day Dawes presented the petition of the
BoBton board of trade endorsing the reso
lutions of the New York chamber of com
merce "remonstrating against the pro
posed legislation for driving the Chinese
out of the country."
The calendar waa then taken up and
among the lills passed were the following:
Appropriating $95,000 for a public build
ing m Fargo, N. D. ; the senate bill extend
ing to the states of South Dakota, North
Dakota, Washington and Montana the ben
efits of the act a; lowing to certain states
5 per cent on the sales cf public lands;
the senate bill to amend and continue in
force the act of August 6, 2888, abolishing
the constiucvon or a Dridsre across the
Missouri at Forest City, Dak. ; the senate
bill to increase the rates of pensions for
cases of deafness to $40 per month; tho
house bill for the payment, or lor the for
f elture of lands purchased, and not pat
ented nor i aid for In tne rawaee reserva
tion Jin Nebraska; the senate bill to in
crease the efficiency and reduce the ex
penses of the slernai corps of the army,
This bill transfers to the department of
agriculture the weather bureau, leaving
the signal corps of the army to remain in
the war department
Washington, April 14. In the senate to-
dav Mr. Piumb introduced a bill for the
disposition of certain funds in the treasury
and asked if it could ba read, as he desired
to call the attention of the finance com
mittee to it is provides tnat tne monev
requdred to be deposited for the- redemp
tion of national bank circulation be car
ried into the treasury and treated as funds
available for the reduction of the public
debt and for the current expenses of the
government; that all the funds held for
the payment of the matured debt -and in
terest due and unpaid be similarly treated
and hereafter that no funds available
above the sum of $10,000,000 be retained in
the treasury. This is not to be construed,
however, as permanently diminishing the
runa oi 7iuu,utu,uuu now neia lor the re
demption of treasury notes. He said there
was lees than $7C0,000,000 of circulation for
the use of the 65,000,000 of people of the
United States, probably not more than $10
per capita. The system of finance that
had been built up and maintained had
breught about that result It had Its mer
its and Its great defects. One of the great
est defects was the compulsory holding
in the treasury of a large sum of money on
the theory that it was needed and on the
further theory that the secretary of the
treasury was to be the arbiter of financial
questions, it had been stated in the pub
lic prints that in pursuance of the policy
of controlling the finance" of the country
the secretary of the treasure
tracted the currency during Februarv over
$10,000,000. He (Plumb) believed that the
retention of money in the treasury and the
assumption on the part of the secretary
might have been at one time proper but
that it now constitutes
business of the country and onirht tA be
prohibited by law.
him had asked him for what nominal pur
pose $250,000,000 was neld in the treasury.
He would tell him. A $100,000,000 was
held in assumed obedience to the law of
1832, to provide for the redemption of
legal tenders treasury notes. Sixty odd
millions were held for the redemption of
national bank notes ot banks that had
gone out of business or that were retiring
a poition of their circulation. Between
$5,000,000 and $G,000,000 was held for the
redemption ot such notes of the national
bonds us frcm time to time came into tbe
treasury and were found to be utfit for
further circulation. About seven million
dollars was held for the purpose of the
payment of coupons due and not present
ed and of debs which had matured lrom
time to time, but the evidence of which
had not been presented and some of which
probably never would be presented. As to
the remainder, it was impot Riblo to tell
wby it was held. The confusion of sub
jects and amounts was such that it was im
possible for any one to tell about it, but
the whole sum retained was about $ 0,
(.00,000. During the last year nearly $100,
000,000 of the national bank circulation
had been withdrawn. To meet that re
duction there was a coinsga of silver $2,
000,000 monthly and coinage of gol , but
experience showed that net only were
there two agencies needed, but was also
needed paper money to the maximum
amount outstanding at any time.
Tne business of the country was lan
guishing. New enterprises were withheld,
old enterprises were struggling to keep on
their feet. Sach a condition of things
would continue until a remedy was at
tained, and that remedy could only come
by legislation, because legislation, com
bined with executive action had brought
the country to where it now was.
Congress would legislate some oi these
days on the silver question, but no one
knew when and no one knew how. w cat-
ever was done would result in a great ad-
dition to the money of the country, but
this measure cf his would give an addition
at once and the money could bo disbursed
within Klxty days. He had ventured thus
puoliciy ana oileny to call tne matter to
the attention ot the finance committee
and he hoped it woul?. report on some-
tMog Use it after its next meeting. The
bill was referred to tbe finance committee.
A message from the house announcing
the death of Mr. Randall and the appoint
ment cf a committee to attend his funeral
was presented and read. Mr. Cameron
moved concurrence. Agreed to and
Messre. Qaay.-Allison, Dawes, Voorhees
and Eu?tis were appointed as the senate
committee to attend the funeral. A" a
timber maTk of respect to Mr. llandah'd
memory the senate adjourned.
The House.
Washington, April 8 In the house today
the bill was passed providing that persons
settling on the second indemnity plat of
the Northern Pacific railroad grant between
August, 1S87, and July, 18S9, may transfer
their entiles from that track to other gov
ernment lands subject to entry. Aleo tho
bill to cause certain lands at the head
waters of the Mississippi, St. Croix, Chip.
pewa and Wisconsin rivers, set apart for
reservoir purposes, to be restored to the
public domain.
'JUtia onmmUToa om. n1 ra nollafl lift
the bill to prevent the enlistment of aliens
in the naval service of the United States
and it wa9 passed.
Adams of Illinois called up the motion to
reconsider the vote by which the home de
feated tne bill making an appropriation to
supply the deficiency caused by the 8:Jcott
defalcation. The motion was then recon
sidered and the bill passed.
Washington, April 9. On motion of Mr.
Strubble.of Iowa, the senate amendment
was non-concurred in to the house bill pro
viding far townsite entries of land in Okla
homa, and a conference was ordered.
The house went into a committee of tho
whole on the naval appropriation bill. .
Mr. Wilkinson of Louisiana, said he would
not emulate Great Britain in building ships
but China bad a bitter fighting armament
today than the United Stutrs. The govern
ment had been taking extreme measures
with China. It was a part of proper pre
caution to build ships which could cope
with those of other nations upon which
contumely had been cast Ho advocated
the establishment of a navy yard at Al
giers, La.
Mr. Adams of Illinois, saia tne people he
represented were anxious for a navy yard
at the mouth or t.-.e Mississippi river.
Mr. Coleman of Louisiana, advocated
New Orleans.
Pending final action the committee rose
and the house adjourned.
Washington, April 10. In his prayer this
morning the chaplain of the house made a
feeling allusion to the illness of Repre
sentative Randall.
The house went into committee of the
whole on the naval appropriation bill.
Some discussion ensued, after which the
bill was favorably reported to tho house.
but no final action was taken and the
house adjoured.
Washington, April 11. In the house to
day Lacey of Iowa called up the contested
election case of Waddell vs. Wise from the
Third district of of Virginia.
E aloe of Tennessee raised the question
of consideration
The house decided yeas 124, nays 113
to consider the election case, and Lacey
took the floor with an argument in favor of
the claims of the contestant
O'Ferrall of Virginia supported the reso
lution of the minority declaring the seat
After considerable debate and witbout
disposing of the matter the house took a
recess until evening.
The house, at the evening session, did no
Ealoe of Tennessee gave notice that un
til the house allowed the private bills con -sidered
Friday he would allow no pension
bills to be passed on Friday nights He
then made a long speech in favor of the
payment of southern war claims.
After considerable talk on this sub jeer,
and pensions the house adjourned.
Washington, April 12. Immediately after
the reading of the journal the house re
sumed the consideration of the contested
election case of Waddel against Wise.
Haugen of Wisconsin and Dalzell of
Pennsylvania spoke in favor of the con
testant, and then Wise of Virginia took the
floor la his own behalf.
After further discussion the vote was
taken on the minority substitute resolu
tion, declaring the seat vacant and it was
defeated yeas 119, nays 133.
The majority resolution declaring Wad
dell entitled to the Beat was adopted yeas
134, nays 120 and that gentleman appeared
at the bar of the house and took the oath
of office.
Public business was then suspended and
the house proceeded to pay a fitting tribute
to the memory of the late James Laird,
representative from Nebraska.
After eulogistic addresses by Laws, Con
ger, Connell and others, the house ad
journed. Washington, April 14. After the appoint
ment of a committee to attend the funeral
of ex Speakar Randall, the house adjourned
without transacting any business.
Ralph K. Hill of the Hardy Herald
narrowly escaped losing - his life . the
other day by falling under a freight
A Regiment of Indian Soldiers.
Washington, April 14. The secretary of
war has under consideration a plan for
raising a reglireat in the regular army
which will be composed of Indian soldiers,
with Indians as non-commissioned officers
and tbe commissioned officers from the
regular army, lie has asked the views of
the department commandeis and the only
objection raised is that it ould have the
effect of reducing the present regular
force of tha army. Tbe law now limits the
ormy to 2.i.f(!0 men, including not to ex
ceed l.rtO Indian rcouta. Indian Commls
f loner Morgan is in favor cf this plan and
it is probable tt at ccrgrtss will be asked
to make an appropriation for such a regi
Changed its Name.
Chicaoo, April 15. The National linseed
oil trust, has ceased to exist and in its
place now stands the National linseed oil
company, chartered under the laws of
Illinoip. It is the owner of foTty-nine lin
seed oil mills, forty elevators, ranging in
capacity from 720,000 bes iels downward,
and a line ot tank cars. The capital stock
is $1,000,0 0. The old board of trustees
have been elected directors, with Mr. Fus
tsn of Missouri as president
Samuel J. Randall Dead.
Washington, April 13. Congressman
8amuel J. Randall died at ten minutes past
5 o'clock this morning of internal cancer,
after a long and painful illness Ho was
surrounded by his family his devoted
wife and affectionato children, his daugh
ter?, Mrs. Lincasterand Susie Randall, and
his sou Samuel In bis last moments.
Samuel Jackson Randall was born In
Philadelphia, October 10, 1838, the eon of
a well known lawyer and democratic pol
itician. A friend of his father was Samuel
Jackson, a distinguished physician of
Philadelphia, which then, as now, was
noted for the brilliancy, learning and skill
of her doctors, and tho father christened
his son after his frteDd. There was noth
ing remarkable about the jouth of Samuel
Jackson Randall. In was spent in his na
tive place in attendence upon school and
tne usual Doyisa pporis. lie was not a
brilliant scholar and showed rnoro foad
nets for outdoor life than for books. Tkcre
were oocasionally exhibitions of the In
domitable and stubborn will and dogged
persistence which in after life marked him
out as a man among men.
It is not generally known that he was a
soldier in the late war, but eu-;h is the
fact. There was in Philadelphia a civilian
military organization known as tho First
troop of FolJadelphia City cavalry. 1 5 was
an old esiablished organizattor, daMng its
pxietence back to 1774, when its title was
"The L'ght Horse of Philadelphia" Mr.
Randall was a member of this troop in
1861, at the outbreak of the war, when the
new3 rang out through every town and
hamlet that Sucpter had fallen. The
troop immediately tendered its services to
tho government and it was mustered in for
ninety days. Colonel George H. Tflomas
was at this time commanding officer of the
Second United Spates cavalry, and to his
regiment tbe Philadelphia troop was at
tached. Mr. Randall was a private in tbe
company. He jaw Ma- first real service
vervruoon, lor his troop was oiuuea w ma
front and participated in the engagement
oi failing waters against Stonewall Jack
Promotion came rapidly to Private Ran
dall, and he rose through the grades of
sergeant and acting quartermaster to that
oi coionei. lie went to Philadelphia at the
close of his tbree month' service, and in
the autumn of 1862 was elected to the
Thirty-eighth congress as a democrat
ms popularity kept mm in congress
from the time of his first election until his
An American Enoch Arden.
Kansas uity, April 13. February 6 an
insane man was removed in a helpless con
dition from the uni-n depot in this city to
the city hospital. He was well dressed and
on hip person was found $150 in money and
a railway ticket frcm Cinci&Tiattl to San
Francisco. Nothing was found to identify
him. Tonight his story became known. He
is Andrew Jefferson Farnswortb, formerly
of Quincy, 111. Fifteen years ago he disap
peared from his home there and from that
time until now his friends have heard
nothiDg from him. His wife and two
children moved to Cincinnati, whero Mr?.
Farnsworth, having received supposadly
reliable news that her husband was dead,
married C. E Holly of that city. When
Addio Pratt, a sister of Mrs. Farusworth,
visited the city hospital by chance one day
sne recognized in the man who had become
insane man her brother-in-law, A J. Farna-
worth. She communicated the facts to her
brother, J. E. Pratt of St Louie, who to
night removed tho unfortuna:e man to his
From the circumstances surrounding tho
case it is believed Far us worth visited
Quincy early in the year to rejoin his fam
ily and there ascertained that his wife had
moved to Cincinnati. He went to that city
and finding that his wife had married again
determined not to reveal his identity. He
purchased a ticket to San Fr&ncleco and
proceeded as far as this city, where broo J
ing over his wife's second marriage is sup
posed to have driven him insane.
The Iowa Senate.
Des Moines, April 10. In the senate this
morning a resolution was Introduced pro
vld'ng for a sifting committee, but it went
over under the rules. It was decided to
hold evening sessions from now until the
adjournment except on Monday evening.
The hour for the consideration of the
license bill having arrived, the question
wsb on tho amendment by Finney provid
ing that if any ot the counties decided in
favor of license a suitable Inebriate asylum
must be provided before any saloon
licenses could be issued. It was voted
down. The amendment was adopted al
lowing towns of 4,000 the privilege of
choosing license or not Senator Rcnmldt
closed the debate and on the final vote the
bill was defeated by a vote of 21 to 29.
A memorial was presented by a commit
tee from the state encampment of the G.
A. 14., asking lor a memorial nai. lor a nos-
pital at the soldiers' home and the
recognition ot tho soldier element
of the
A Bnge Scandal Opened.
NewYobk, April 14. The World this
morning begins an attack upon Henry
Hilton. The article is entitled: "The open
ing chapters in a curious tale of contem
poraneous society; how a social secret was
guarded and hidden; the mystery of Hil
ton's influence over Stewart at last dis
covered; the motive for the grave robbery
made clear." The article asserts that the
influence of Hilton over Stewart waa
founded In a crime. "The crime Involved
the henor of a woman and the reputation
and vast business of the greatest dry goods
merchant on the continent. Hilton, as a
lawyer, did the work that averted the cal
amity which would have resulted from ex
posure. From that hour his star began its
ascendancy " The article then proceeds
to summarize the facts already known as
to the passing of the Stewart fortune into
Hilton's control. It closes with the declar
ation tnat tne w&ewart will casa will be re
opened and all the facts brousrht out The
article will be continued In future editions
An Exciting Scene.
Pbovidence, B. I. April 10, There was ta
exciting scene In the house of re j r sect a-
tlves today. - The democrats cime within
oae vote of adopting ths t'0) . license fee
for the sale of beer nud light wlnew. Iho
republicans thoueht that this was done to
win the Germ n American vote. Dilatory
tactics were adopted ly tie republican
... . A
some or wnr m ran out oi ice duih ih-u-o
with tho sheriff after tbem. Speaker JM1-
er (dem) counted the absent members in
the negative. After great cotluslou the
house adjourned.
A Splendid Jail Keeper.
Habt, Mich., April 13. Friday night Mr.
Sheriff Cooper went into the Jail to give
the prisoners a l'ght James Waldron,
awaitirg trial for forgery, struck her two
blows over the head with a btick. Lis pur
pose being to escape, but she dropped the
amp and struck rainy cut ircin mo
shoulder, catching Waldron on the mint
of the jaw and knocking blra out Then
the dragged him into n cell and locked
him up. Mra. cooper s neaa wrb rainy
A Call for Help
Fremont, Neb., April 15. Mayor Shcrvins
teday received a letter from Governor
Thayer requesting him to lfy before the
people of Fremont the pubjectof contribut
ing relief to tho settlers of Cheyenne
county, who had their wheat fl?ld dsvaft-
tatea ana property acsirojea ry a Dig
wind storm which prevailed cn tho 7th
Tho Sieeeton Itreorvat ion.
Washington, April 10. Senator retti-
grew was loasy instructed cy tne com
mittee on Indian affairs to report f avert
bly the bill throwing open to settlement
the Sieseton Indian leservnt'on in S-uth
Dakota; aleo tho bill appropriating 11,100,-
C0 to meet the promlsfs made by General
Crook to the Sioux Indians in treating for
tho opening to fettle merit of the ret
Slcur reservation. TMh Mil we
upon by Fre&ldent Hanlnr. llo ImvUi
Dukota fenntors are fceth taVirtr tho por
tion ifcot their f tate hiss too ir.uch hud
Irdian reservation. ThyOtiie tho In
dians to take lands in m v rally nr-el to
open upforeettlement ioie e f ltecro!c t
unoccupied lards. Iho Crow Creek
tdlan reservation in south rsicm wui
hlso be opened shortly.
Tho Ijatest 91evcinent.
Chicago, April 15. The mrst important
move in tbe carpenters' fctrlke was rawis
this mcrniug, when the matter was brcugM
before Judge Prendergast in tbe c-cunty
court on the request ct Andrew McXally
that the court proceed wilh the woric cu
tho new Rand-MoNally building on Adm
street. Tho court's., connection with tho
matter comes tlrou&h the rooent failure of
the company which had tbe
the 'work on the building.
assignee was appointed be Jrvv,,,,?rlr,"rt
iaj uu.u.. 1 uf tLfl court all
existing oontracts, and thus the county
court ac the time cf tco strike occupied
the same position as tho otJ-tr contractors.
Judgi? Prendergast Raid b& could not
forco tbe men to work rrd did rot wlt.h to
do so, and would make no f uch endeavor.
He instructed the assignee to comply with
all the demands of the men to give them
40 cents per hour, eigl t hours per dy and
full recognition of the union. Fattber
than this he would not go at present
After the Commissioner.
Nsw Yobk, April 14. At a meetirg of the
Central labor union today a copy of tho
resolutions passed by the police commis
sioners last week, stating that tbey were
always ready to examine into any charges
which the Central labor union might make
against the police department were re
ceived. In answer a long preamble and
resolution was passed Mating that the po
lice commisbioners were in pr-Mess-ion of
sufficient evidence to clce "every one of
the hundred gurcblirg tocses, trcthcl.
dance houeec, etc., but they preferred to
iave that state of uiralrs e x't o tteir pub
ordlnates could trra s J) gutter, wealth.
Tiie resolution "instructed u srcnl com
mittee to call for voJnbteern frrm the
affiliated unions to artist in 'sbu-iowina
every police captain in New YoTk au 1 hi
tools,' iu crder to rtbife'r utcie tleir
misdeedp, nnd swe p frcm r"wer thei
famous ra which has f o r d immor
ality ai-d crlma in public p ace "
A Notable Invent.
New Yoke. April 11 The president of the
associazione dull a sta-npa pcroedloi In
Italia writes from Rome to tho United
press. New York, requesting that the at
tention cf the press of America bo called
to the Interesting event in K ino durinr
the coming mouth of May. A reries of
fetes is being arrarged in coutectlou with
the exposition of kcal industries and the
opening of the grand national racing
meeting at wlich thn Brand r rlx d Rome
of 100,000 francs will be competed for by
horses from all countries. l.o Italian
press association will be pleased to take
part, together with the European prca.i
generally. In a reunion with representa
tives of the principal American journals on
that occasion. Every I acuity win be ar-
f ordea to tho visitlrg journalist to ob
serve and study ail that may be of intert
to them in" Rome, and every possible
courtesy wJJl be extended them. The ad
dress of the association is No. 1 A, via Dell
Missione, Rome.
General rains arc reported through
out Kansas, which cause tbe fanners
to be jubilant over the crop prospect.
Lincoln, Nui
CATTLE Butchers' steers.... 92 75 a S 5J
Cows 2 0a2 fO
HOGS Fat 3 65 a 3 S
Stockers 8 25 a S 50
SHEEP 3 00 a 3 fO
WHEAT No. 2 spring 55 a 60
OATS Ne. 2 11 a 15
RYE No. 2 25 a 27
CORN No. 2, new 15 a IS
FLAXSEED 1 02 a I 01 U
POTATOES 18 a 24
APPLES Per febl 3 75 a 4 CO
HAY Prairie, bulk 5 00 a 6 00
Oxaba, Net.
CATTLE 3 80 a 4 25
Cows 1 75 a 8 25
HOGS Fa'x to heavy 3 93 a 4 00
Mixed 3 90 a 3 95
Chicago, ix.
CATTLE Prime steers f3 50 a 5 00
Stockers and feeders 2 l5 a 3 65
HOGS Packing , 4 00 a 4 20
SHEEP Natives 5 00 a 5 25
Kansas Cm, Ma
CATTLE Corn fed 1 SO a 4 60
Feeders....... 2 40 a 3 40
HOGS Good to eholoe S 75 a 3 1)5
Mixed 3 55 a 3 60
it 4
A senator sitting near
tram in motion.
of the World.