The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892, March 22, 1890, Image 2

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Lincoln, - - - NeDiaska.
J. BURROWS, : : Editor.
J. M. THOMPSON, Business Manager.
" In the beauty of the lillies
Christ was born across the sea,
With a glory in his bosom
That transfigures you and me.
As He strove to make men holy
Let us strive to make men free,
Since God is marching on."
Julia Ward Howe.
" Laurel crowns cleave to deserts,
And power to him who power exerts."
"A ruddy drop of manly blood
The surging sea outweighs."
' He who cannot reason is a fool,
He who will not reason is a coward,
He who dare not reason is a slave."
Sheridan's Photograph.
We are greatly surprised at the result
of our offer of the photograph of Sheri
dan and his Generals. By ordering
these pictures in large quantities as we
are now enabled to do, we can reduce
the price to our customers. We now
furnish the picture and The Alliance
one year for $1.25
The Alliance office is removed to
where we have capacious quarters, and
will be much better able to receive and
-entertain our friends than at our late
office in Bohanan Block. The office of
the State Business Agent and the office
of the State Secretary will be on the
ground floor, and the publication office
and editorial rooms of The Alliance
on the second floor. We are happy to
inform our friends that we now have as
pleasant and commodious printing and
editorial rooms as are to be found in
the city. We are also adding to our
facilities for
and are prepared to do as good work
at as reasonable rates as any.
-will have a full line of samples of Im
plements and Farm Machinery, which
he will sell in large or small lots.
Remember our latch-string is always
A 1m Mnnetarv Svstem.
For several years we have advocated,
" not the loaning of money to farmers on
their iarms a3 a measure oi temporal j
relief, but the issuing of all money upon
'land security. This is no new idea. In
-1848-49, eleven years before the war,
unci thirteen years before a greenback
was ever heard of, Edware Kellogg, a
retired New York merchant of the ri
pest experience in all financial matters,
a friend and contemporary of Horace
Greeley, wrote a book entitled "Labor
and other Capital: The rights of each
secured and the wrongs oi ootn eradi
cated; or an exposition of the cause
why few are wealthy and many poor,
and the delineation of a system which,
without infringing the rights of proper
ty, will give to labor its just reward."
Some vears earlier Mr. Kellosrsr had
written a powerful essay on the same
subject, for which Mr. Greeley pro
cured a publisher, and which he com
mended and recommended for study in
an editorial article in the Tribune of Au
gust 17th. 1843. headed "Usury, the
Evil and the Remedy."
This question is now fairly and prom
inently before the people of this coun
try. It is true some of those who are
advocates of the idea do not yet appre
ciate its full significance. It is true it
has come up under the form of a propo
sition to loan money to iarmers on
their lands, as a measure of relief for a
depression the real cause and extent of
which is understood by comparatively
few. But the agitation will soon take
the form in which we have always ad
vocated it, viz : a proposition to make a
radical change in the system of issuing
monev. It is beginning to be under
stood that the causes of the general de
pression cannot be found in any tem
porary stagnation, nor in so-called over
production; but that they lie in a de
fective monetary system. Public at
tention once fixed upon this fact, in
quiry and investigation will soon lead to
a fuller and better understanding of the
whole question. Senator Stanford's in
terview with Frank Pixley, which we
publish this week, is a. masterly pre
sentation of the present condition, the
need for relief, , and the direction in
"lit e ' i
which reiiei win ue iounu, viz: in an
increased volume of money. A hun
dred millionaire, it would seem that
,Mr. Sanford would be on the side of the
monev power in this question. But it
is not so. He is on the side of the peo
ple, and his great wealth jriakes him
independent of any influence whatever
While .his article is a surprise to us, we
hail it with great pleasure as a means
of bringing this subject before the pub
lie. '"-; : '
- We publish below a chapter from
Kellogg introducing the "true mono
tary system." we win ioiiow it naxt
week with another chapter giving the
specific plan of his proposition to issue
money upon land security.
"We now enter upon the most impor
tant and yet the simplest part of this
" i i a.
subject; nameiy.tne insiiuuion oi a u ue
monetary system, oy wmcn me uisiriDu
lion of wealth can be properly regulated
It has been proved in our foregoing
arguments, ; that the amount of a cur
rency should be equal to the wants of
the people, and that gold and silver, of
which the quantity is necessarily limited,
are not the proper materials. It re
mains to be proved that a piper cur
rency can be established, which shall be
always adequate in amount, and which
can be maintained at a uniform value.
The present chapter will offer some con
siderations of the security and compe
tence of a paper currency, as a medium
of exchange.
First, we may notice some of the ways
in which paper is now used.and in which
a legal power expressed upon it i3 deem
ed sufficient security. All titles to land,
all loans of money on bond and mort
gage or otherwise, the payments for all
lands, and for every other species' of
property on a credit, are security by pa
per. These papers must, of course, be
made legal liens upon property or tbey
would be worthless, for their value must
consist in their control of real property,
and not in any worth inherent in their
substance. Money of every description,
gold, silver and paper, is created by the
laws, and its value consists in its being
made by law a public lien upon all pro
perty for sale.
lhe difference between a private obli
gation, such as a mortgage, or note of
an individual, and money, is, that the
two former are private liens, one on, a
pecihe piece of property, the other on
any or all the property of an individual;
while money is a public lien on all pro
perty for sale, whether that property be
owned by individuals or by the Govern
ment. Between individuals and the
Government the law secures the fulfil
ment of contracts by mortgages and
other paper instruments. If paper in
struments can be made safe representa
tives of property between two individ
uals, no good reason appears why paper
instruments cannot be made safe repre
sentatives of property for any number
of individuals. If paper instruments
can be made representatives of property
or iimueu penoas oi ume, no gooa rea
son is percieved whv thev cannot be
made safe representatives of property
when payable on demand. And if made
payable on demand in something capa
ble of producing an immediate income,
they are then made competent to fulfil
all .the uses of money; for monev can
have no other use than to exchange for
property, or to loan for an income.
Governments have falsely assumed
that the value of money consists in the
inherent worth of the gold, silver and
copper materials out of which it has
been coined. This is not only palpa
bly a false assumption, but the laws of
the nations prove it to be so ;f or in nearly
every civilized nation the governments
have authorized paper money (when se
cured by State and National stocks,
bonds and mortgages, and so forth.) to
be issued in the form of bank netes and
circulate as money. England has made
paper money a tender in payment of
debts; and in other countries, where pa
per in the form of bank-notes is author
ized to be used as money, although it is
not a tender, it is generally received as
such. Bank-notes are called money,
although the law does not make them a
tender for debts. Banks are, however,
chartered by law, and therefore, the
bank-notes issued by them are generally
considered as money and answer all its
purposes. They are founded or based
upon a promise to pay specie on demand.
et us see, however, if they are not prac
tically money, instead of being merely
representatives of gold and silver coins.
A man exchanges at a bank in New
York a hundred dollars in specie for a
one hundred dollar bank-note and takes
it to a western country to buy land.
The note is thus put in circulation there,
is loaned and reloaned on interest, and
is used in the purchase ot property and
prouucis. n is coniinuauy acuve, wmie
the silver for which the bank-note was
taken in lieu lies dead in the vault of
the bank, and is neither used to purchase
property or products, : nor to fulfil con
tracts, nor to produce an income. The
bank-note has performed all, while the
specie has performed none of the func
tions of money. If the former were cir
culated for any number of years, and
should be loaned for an income, and
used to purchase property thousands of
times, and when it was returned to New
York, there would be no specie in the
vault of the bank to redeem' it, still,
every purchase made .by the bank-note
would be valid, and every mortgage for
which it had been received would be a
binding lien upon the property of its
drawer for the payment of specie both
or the principal and the interest, uoms
and bank-notes have a legal power to ac
cumulate, not natural to either of them.
Both are generally recieved in tender
for debts, so that one is practically as
much money as the other. In fact, if
either is to be despoiled of its character
as money, it must be the specie, for this
is mostly deposited in the vaults of the
banks, and while so deposited is not prac
tically money; but the bank-notes which
perform more than ninety-five hun
dredths of the exchanges, are really the
money of the country, and fulfil all its
uses with greater convenience and cel
erity than could gold and silver. Paper
made to represent landed property in
stead of specie, and endowed with legal
power to accumulate, measure, and ex
change property would answer every
purpose of money, and would be money.
The abundance of paper is not an ob
jection to its use as the material of
money, more than to its use for deeds,
notes, bonds and mortgages. It would
be a better material for money than
gold and silver, for these metals are
limited in amount, and are troublesome,
expensive and hazardous to remit. If a
sufficient gold and silver cuirency were
presented to this nation tree oi cost, tne
inconvenience and expense attending
the circulation and transmission of the
coins, would far overbalance the whole
labor and expense to provide and circu
late paper currency.
lhe question to be settled then,is this;
can a currency be formed entirely of pa
per, which will buy the productions of
labor as readily as gold and silver coins
not whether a silver spoon can be
made out of a paper dollar, or whether
a gold watch-case can be made out ot a
ten dollar bank bill as well as it .could
out of an eagle. We do not want money
to make utensils and ornaments. We
want money for a medium of exchange,
to buy such articles as are useful to us,
and if it cannot be made of paper so that
it will be as good to the man who sells
his labor or his products as gold and
silver coins, we do not want paper cur
.. '' Glimpses of Fifty Years.
The above is the title of the most de
lightfui and readable- book that has
been published this year. It is "The
Autobiography of an American Wom
an," by Mrs. Frances E. Willard. The
book is a gem in every sense of the
word in its typographical execution,
in its binding, in its illustrations, and
above all else in its matter. The life of
Mrs. Willard embraces the most active
period in literature and material pro
gress of this country. She has been an
important actor in the great movement
for the enfranchisement of women, and
in the women's temperance movement.
This book embraces an epitome of all
this period, presented in the most
charming style. It will undoubtedly
have an immense sale. C98 pp. H. J.
Smith & Co., Publishers, 351 Dearborn
St., Chicago.
Sugar Beet Culture and Beet Sugar.
There is much interest now in sugar
beet culture in this state. As we have
.been appealed to for our views as to
bounties, and as to the propriety of
voting bonds in aid of projected fac
tories, we have been to some pains to
collect accurate informatian in relation
to the matter. We give below most of
a letter from Senator Manderson:
Washington, D. C, March 13, 1890.
Hon. J. Bcbrows, Lincoln, Neb. :
Mr Dear Sib: Your letter was received
and I comply with your request for copies of
my beet sugar bills offered. As endorsed
they are substantially corrected as they will
chance to be reported from committee.
-' :' -
I regard this question as one of the most
important, in an agricultural industrial sense,
that the west can consider. It involves a di
versification of farming, the obtaining from
land in Nebraska more per acre than corn
will return, the keeping of $100,000,000 of
money per annum at home now annually sent
abroad for sugar, and the enriching of our
people who seem to have soil and climate,
capital and energy. The apprehended dan
ger is that if the tariff on sugar is badly cut at
this time, it will allow Germany and France
to dump their surplus beet sugar in upon us
to deter capital from investing in factories
and prevent farmers having a market for
their beets. The tariff abroad, except in Eng
land, on sugar is from 2V, to 3 cents, and
ours is 2 cents. Senator Paddock has my
bills In charge and will make a report soon.
1 would be pleased to have the Alliance look
into this matter carefully and at an early
day, and forward its views to myself or to
any one of the delegation. .
Nebraska is purely an agricultural state by
nature and we should do all possible, as it
seems to me, to get the most out of every
acre of land. Very truly yours,
Chas. P. Manderson.
There has been undoubtedly much
exaggeration as to the yield of sugar
beets per acre. In cases like this,
where a new industry is to be intro
duced, such exaggeration always takes
place. Of course the cultivation of
beet sugar in Germany is no longer an
experiment; but at the same time the
industry here by American farmers,
with high-priced labor, is an experi
ment; and it is a great deal better to
approach it cautiously, recalling our
memories of the morus muliicaulis and
the Chinese sugar cane or sorghum
craze, than to go in with too much en
thusiasm and meet a disappointment.
There is a beet sugar factory at Laven
ham, in Suffolk, England, or was as
late as 1887, at which records of yield, per
cent of sugar, &c. have been kept. In
1887 571 acres averaged 13 tons per
acre. Of this two:thirds averaged 15
tons, and the other third only tons.
This, it must be remembered, is in a
country where fertilizers are largely
used, and where the most thorough
and careful hand cultivation is given.
It is well to compare these facts with
the exaggerated yields which have been
stated in this state. Five tons of clean
roots give about 41 cwt of coarse sugar,
which gives about 160 pounds of double
refined sugar, and 60 pounds of inferior
lump sugar, and some molasses from
which spirits are distilled. There is a
refuse of pulp which may be fed to
stock, amounting to 22 per cent of the
weight of beets.
Up to the present time Russia has
produced the best sugar beets, having
achieved 12 per cent of refined sugar.
The law enacted by the last legisla
ture provides, (Sec. 1,) "That there
shall be paid out of the state treasury
to any corporation, firm or person en
gaged in the manufacture of sugar in
this state from beets, sorghum or other
sugar yielding canes or plants grown
in .Nebraska, a bounty oi one cent per
pound upon each and every pound so
manufactured under the conditions and
restrictions of this act."
It will be seen that this equals $20
per ton.
Sec. 1, of the bill introduced in the U
J3. senate by .senator Manderson, pro
vides that the sum of $1 per ton shall
be paid as a bounty to the farmer or
planter for every ton of 2,000 'pounds
delivered at a factory and manufactured
into mercantile sugar. Sec. 2 provides
that a bounty of 100 cts per 100 pounds
shall be paid upon all merchantable su
gar made from sugar beets, to be paid
to the manufacturer thereof .
It is well to scrutinize these bounties
If Senator Manderson's bill becomes a
law the Nebraska beet sugar maker
would receive $40 per ton on his gross
production of raw sugar, while the
farmer would receive $1.00 per ton on
his production of beets. According to
the Lavenham fignres, it takes about 22
tons of beets to make one ton of sugar.
The farmer would be receiving - $22 to
the maker's $40. This would be in ad
dition to the duty of 2 cts per pound
which all consumers pay in favor of the
In all the beet sugar enterprises we
have heard of the manufacturers pro
pose to cultivate a large area them
selves, and thus they would receive the
three bounties, and of course give their
own beets the preference in working,
tnus placing individual growers at a
still greater disadvantage. '
The bounties are enormous, and
could not be long continued without re
duction It would seem as though they
were sufficient without the tariff. The
people of this country paid in duties on
sugar and molasses in 1888, $52,000,000
to protecta home product worth about
$15,000,000. Suppose the duty increased
the price to its full extent, viz: 2 cts,
the Louisiana growers received a boun
ty in 1888 of $7,000,000, which cost the
people $52,000,000.
we nave Deen asked to express our
opinion as to voting bonds for beet-su
gar factories, and we have been asked
not to express it. We are opposed to
bonds to promote private enterprises
Any one who has carefully read this ar
ticle will see that without bonds the
manufacturer has by all odds the long
est end of the string. Our protective
laws are all to protect capital and not
labor," as they are all obtained by capi
tal. It is doubtful if any locality gets
nearly all of the advantages expected
by the establishment of sugar factories.
But if they are to be established with
public money let the municipality that
furnishes the money own the factories.
We do not share the sanguine expec
tations of the advocates of bonds.
These bonds are generally a clear gift
to the beneficiaries, with ohly a small
advantage to the tax-payers. It might
be well for other localities to await the
outcome of f he Grand Island enterprise
before assuming large burdens. If it
pays as well as predicted capital will
seek it as an investment. If it does
not pay much will be saved by being
not over-hasty.
Some Gems of Political Economy From
A. S. Paddock.
We find floating around in the papers
an article on the invasion of English
syndicates in our business enterprises
which is attributed to Senator Paddock.
We quote a paragraph:
'Undoubtedly the busine field in this
country Is too extensive for the capital in
the hands of our people at the present time;
and thus in obedience to the inexorable law
of supply and dem and, our Interest rates are
universally too high. Our industrial enter
prises suffer as much from competition with
the cheap money of Europe as with cheap la
bor. If, therefore, a part of the enormous
surplus of 3 per cent money in Europe could
be transferred permanently to these enter
prises, although the proprietorship should
pass into foreign hands, I think we would be
materially strengthened in our competitive
commercial trade with other nations. If the
money onee comes to us, I don't see bow it is
going to get away again. It is true the incre
ment in the form of dividends would go, and
yet it is not unlikely that a considerable part
of this might be left with us in new iarest
met." .
There are almost as many misconcep
tions and misstatements in the above as
there are sentences. In the first place
the word "capital is used instead of
money." Capital is any portion of
wealth which, may be used to create
more wealth. The "capital" in the
hands of our people 1 unlimited. Our
ands, our undeveloped mines, our for
ests, our streams,, are all capital. It m-
money, the medium, of exchange, with.
which to employ labor to unlock and.
develop these treasures-,, which is lack
ing. These resources this-capital, are
American. Why should, they not be
developed with. American money? In
terest is controlled by the conditions
and method of the issue of. the money
of the government. In this country,,
with the exception of the limited vol
ume of greenbacks, it is issued to cor
porations, and they are specially au
thorized to charge a. high rate of inter
est. All the money of Eurooe mierht
" o
be imported and this fact would not be
changed. Interest would continue to
be controlled by the two facts which.
control it now. In fact, an. increase-in
the yolume of money would by increas
ing the volume of business raise the
nominal rate of interest. But at the
samc time the burden of interest would
be lessened and the margin of profit to
producers increased, by the- advance in
prices. Why should not our govern
ment issue money to our people at 11
pr. ct on land security.,so as-to give us- lt
per cent advantage over England in the
matter of money, instead, of suffering
by competition with, her,, or becoming,
tributary to her letting, her take the
"increment in the form, of dividends)"
as Mr. Paddock says- she will. Money
is the life-blood of business, and it is al
ways created by law. Why should we
depend upon England for it?
What shall we think of all. Si senator
who speaks with such, complacency of
the proprietorship of our magnificent
wealth and resources "passing into
foreign hands." If it was- tariff he was
talking about such an invasion, would
excite his holy horror.
But the facts are worse than the sen
ator supposes. It is not cheap money
that sends the Englishmen here. They
come because the avenues of invest
ment and enterprise in Europe are full.
and because ' our young and growing
empire offers these avenues in abund
ance; and they are not bringing money;
they are bringing our evidences of debt
or they are starting their enterprises
here on a debt basis, and thus adding to
the already enormous burden of inter
est our people are staggering under.
Senator Paddock might take a lesson
from Leland Stanford.
The Fractional Currency Bill.
The Washington dispatches bf March
13th say that an adverse report was
made to the house committee on bank
ing and currency by a sub-committee
on the various bills for issuing frac
tional currency. This action is not un
expected, and foreshadows that of the
whole committee. Geo. W. E. Dorsey
is chairman of the committee on bank
ing and currency t A national banker
is not likely to favor fractional cur
rency or any other government issue of
money. It is thought that the commit
tee will favor some sort of fractional
currency in connection with the postal
service. This means an evasion. If it
was not for the limitations upon it the
present postal note could circulate as
money. But the money power care
fully guards all such avenues. A nbte
sold at the postoffice for transmission,
and to be presented for payment in a
few days, is not money. The people
want fractional paper money; and if
Geo. W. E. Dorsey helps block it Ne
braska farmers will remember him.
To Make Land the Basis of Money.
The proposition to issue money on
land security, instead of as now on
bond security, is willfully misrepresent
ed by the Bee and other papers of the
money power. It is stated as a propo
sition to loan money to farmers on land
security. ; It is no such thing. The
proposal is to make land the only basis
of security for money, and city land or
mineral land could be used for that
purpose as well as farm land. If the
editors will read the little book in
which the proposition originated, writ
ten in 1849 by a New York merchant,
they would be better posted. It is La
bor and Capital by Edward Kellogg,
Lovell Library. Price 20 cts.
Interstate Commerce Commission ill Lin
Messrs. Morrison and Veazy of the
interstate commerce commission, are
holding a session at Lincoln to investi
gate the question of rates, rebates etc.
The session began at 10 a. m. Tuesday.
Mr. Monroe, assistant general traffic
manager of the Union Pacific was the
first witness. Very little that was new
was developed by this witness. One
point, however, in regard to the effect
of freights upon the prices of corn was
brought out. Mr.' Monroe said that just
before the opening of transportation in
the spring, when Vessels for Buffalo were
being chartered, the effect of the lower
rate was felt in Nebraska in an advance
in the price of grain.
.Hon. Elijah Filley, oi Gage County
was on the stand, and testified to having
recieved a rebate as high as 11 cts per
100 before the passage of the interstate
law. Also,that by careful and econom
ical work sad close figuring the average
cost of raising a bushel of corn was 17i
cents. . '
In the evening Geo. W. Hoidredge, of
the B, & M. was on the stand. Accord
ing to Mr. H.the railroads are the worst
abused institutions in the United States.
Their earnings, under the most econom
ical management, are barely sufficient
to pay the most meagre, return on the
capital invested; the rates are net only
not exorbitant, but are as low as- can be
made without forcing the roadls- into
bankruptcy. Mr. Hoidredge- made a
general denial of all charges of unfair
ness or injustice on the part of the-roods-.
The commission seemed desirous of ob
taining full information on the-subject
of rebates, the amounts so given-to ship
pers, etc, and Mr. Hoidredge- seemed
very desirous of witholding all such; in
formation. , This culminated ini at de
mand for the rebate books, andi the re
fusal on the part of Mr. Hoidredge to
produce them. This refusal was- fol
lowed by a threat from Col. Morrison,
to institute proceedings for contempt.
Mr.Holdredge then state i that he would
not leel at liberty to produce the books
without first submitting the question' to
the president of the road.
Mr. Morrison remarked that the com
mission had made its demand for the
bookst and that Mr. Hoidredge might
submit the-question to whom he pleased.
The evening session of Wednesday
was quite interesting. Farmer Church
Howe was first on the stand. His tes
timony amounted to nothing. J. Buiv
rows was next sworn. The only thing
of interest connected with his interview
was the attempt of the railroad cappers
Howe,. Thurston and Deweese to badger
him an .opportunity they rarely get
and were anxious to improve. But the
attempt amounted to nothing. The
event of the evening came at nearly, the
close-of. T.. W. Lowrey's testimony, he
following. Mr. Burrows. Not much of
interest waa reached until the cappers
had got through with him, and he was
about to leave the stand, when Judge
Morrison by two or three quiet and
well directed inquiries, ellicited the
statement that within a year Mr,
Lowrey had received a rebate from the
B- & M. Co. on through grain shipments-
to both Chicago and New York
of five cents per 100, and that he knew
of other parties who had received the
same- rebate, naming a Chicago firm as
one of them. This was . a bomb in the
camp, of the cappers especially the B.
& JxL. cappers. It was interesting to
see Geo W. Holdredcre squirm. He
said he knew nothing about it. Mr.
Lowrey retorted, "You know as much
about it as I do." Mr. Holdredcre as
serted that there was some mistake;
The attorneys ot the other roads looked
as though they might be hit by the next
bolt. Judge Morrison quietly persisted
in getting all the facts he could, and In
timated that there would be further inr
vestigation into the matter..
At the time this rebate was granted;
it was a criminal offense punishable by,
heavy fines. The "penalty has since
been enlarged, and it is now punishable
by imprisonment as well as fine.
Gen. Attorney Thurston and Geo. W,
Hoidredge would make a handsome
picture looking through the bars.. If
Church Howe could be added, looking
over their shoulders, with . his squint
eye and Mephistophelian leer, it would
equal anything imagined in Dante? In
fTI 1 a -a a a -a
ierno. - v no Knows? xne Diina may
sometime fall from the eyes of Justice,
and lime bring round some great re
venges. '
Publishing Resolutions.
J. M. Hammer, of Science Ridge Al
liance, writes us that his Alliance
adopted resolutions asking for relief as
to rates of the railroad commission, but
voted down a proposition to publish
them. He asks, -"If these resolntions
are not for publication what are they
for, and what good are they to us or
any one locked up as the surplus in the
U. S. treasury?"
Well, we say to our brother that the
resolutions. might be sent to the board
of transportation. Of course publish
ing them would be right and proper.
But we are able to publish only a small
part of what . we receive: So, send
them direct to the board of tranporta
tion, Linc6ln.
Is the Crisis Near at Hand?
I see in the near future a crisis arising that
of the war corporations have been enthroned
and an era of corruption in high places will
follow, and the money power of the country
will endeavor to prolong- its reign by working
upon the prejudices of the people until all
wealth is aggregated in a few hands and the
republic is destroyed. I feel, at this point,
more anxiety for the safety of my country
than ever before, even in the midst of war.
A. Lincoln, v
The above is exactly the talk that
has caused thousands of lesser men
than Lincoln to be denounced as cranks
and lunatics. The march of events
show that the words were prophetic
and wise But the Republic will not b
destroyed. It may pass through a trial,
perhaps of fire and blood. The blind
greed of the money power may carry
it forward on the lines of the past ten
years, until tlte people wwu
ate, and, having no more to lose, rise
in revolt. Then would come the trying
hour. A powerful interest, backed by
such aristocrats as partly compose our
senate to-day, would cry for a stronger
government a monarchy perhaps.
But we warn them now that the Missis
sippi will run turbid from a thousand
crimson streams belore the Republic
will be surrendered. No! It wouM
emerge from such . a trial with tho
rights of man more assured and sacred,
and with a truer equality among the
people. Well do we remember, after
the seven days horror in the swamps of
the Chickaborainy, with ten thousand
men slain, reading in the cowardly pa
pers that the war was a failure1, and
that we mustt compromise with the
slave power. Then, sitting on the
ground, ragged and weary and worn,
we tightened our belt in lieu of a sup
per,, and wrote t a dear friend at home
that the war would go on, that the un
ion would be saved, and slavery de
stroyed. It was so. We are older
now; but our faith is-the same; and we
would take a musket now to save the
nation with less hesitation than in '61.
To you congressmen in Washington
we say, nave a care- now you vote.
Open you eyes and look- around you.
Drop yout old theories' and take up the
facts of to-day.. Listen to- the people, and
let the money power take care of itself,
else it may be worse for all of you.
There is some demand among our
members. for lucerne or alfalfa seed.
Alfalfa does not have to; be sown until
corn-planting. The ground should lx?
warm and mellow. The- last part of
May or the first of June is early enough.
The ground should be deeply plowed
and thoroughly mellowed andsmoothed.
A deep gravelly or loamy, sub soil is
preferable, but alfalfa, does- well on our
Gage county uplands. When the
ground is warm enough, for planting
corn or beets, and brought to a fine
tilthv sow at the rate1 of three-pecks-to
the acre, and harrow and roll. Hit
oaa be sown in drills it. is much better.
The drills should be six to eight inches
apart, and the seed in this climate one
inoh, deep. Rolling is imperative: The
ground should be -kept dean until the
plants- are well started:
If. in the next spring half .or two-thirds-
of the stand is dead wintorkilled' do
not be discouraged. It will, be better
the second, year, and better, still, the
As to the value of alf alf ai On deep
rich soils it will yield three cuttings-in
a season. If there is a gravelly openi
sub soil, and the roots can reach water,,
the-yield will be enormous. But do not
infer, from this that it will do -well on a
wet surface. For hay alfalfa is not as
good, as-clover. If intended for. hay it
must be cut early, before the stems be
gin to-harden. If not so outu will bo-
worthless for hay.
As-a soiling crop it is nusurpassed..
An acre or two sown by the side of a
hog pasture would be invaluable to out
and feed to hogs. It does-not endure
pasturing very well.
We give the above as theresultof a very
thorough five years' trial on upland' in
Gago-county, with a northern exposure-..
Bright Figures From Chairman Walker
of the Gentleman's Association.
At the meeting of the interstate eomr-
merce commission at Uhicago last
Thursday afternoon Chairman) Walker
filed a statement as to the efforts to- ob
tain lower corn rates which he-termed
a "concise review of the freight situa
tion." The way he handles figure is
amusing, if not amazing,. Ilo- com
pares the old rate and the present ooe,
and his figures show a lowering of the
rate of 0 to 3 cts per hundred. Farther
on be then says: ''If the-estimates
given by the statistician of those states
(Kansas and Nebraska) is correct in re
spect to the surplus - product to be
moved under these rates- the loss- to the
roads may be safely stated at not less
than $3,000,000." Now allowing the re
duction equalled 2 cts per- bushel, and
dividing the loss equally between the
two states, this would show a surplus to
be moved from Nebraska of 75,000,000
bushels of corn, or fully one-half of her
total product for the year. The actual
surplus to be moved has never exceed
ed one-third of this acaQUJit.
Again, on the basis of a reduction of
10 per cent, or 2 cts per bushel, the loss
claimed would amount for this state
to $15,000,000. This nearly equals the
total gross freight earnings of all the
roads of the state for the year 1887.
At 500 bushels to the car it would re
quire 150,000 cars to transport 75,000,000
bushels of corn. This would call for
the moving of 410 cars of corn every
day Sundays and all for 365 days.
These figures1 are all on the basis of a
two cent per bushel reduction. When
we remember that tho actual reduction
of rate "was only one cent per bushel,
the wildness of Chairman Walker's
figures is more glaring.
The Windom Bill.
Bro. Sharp and others asked us to
publish the Windom bill in full. There
is another bill, embracing the same
features, which takes the lead of the
Windom bill. We will publish this bill
as soon as we can get an authentic
Alliance Insurance.
We are in receipt of several urgent
letters of inquiry in relation to estab
lishing the Alliance Insurance depart
ment. The Executive Committee has
met many obstacles in this matter some
unexpected ones. This has caused de
.ay. We are hoping it will be decided so
that we can make an annoucement in
our next issue, which will be a finality.
tf The Farmers' Alliance is the
best advertising medium in the west.
ffowspaper Notoriety
Arbor SMe, (If 'y more, .S'fb.)
Just now J. ftiirrows, editor oi The
Fakmeb's Aixia JrK and for many years
prominently indeimhed with the Is ation
al Farmer's Alliance, ha its chief exen
tive ofiieer, is being Utterly assailed by
Rimh cornoration organs a.f the Omaha
Republican, and tho Lincoln Journal.
For nearly ten years the editor of the
Arhor SMe lias known Mr. Burrows
personally and intimately. Durtg that
time we have contended in som-e hard
fought battle for the rights f the wks-
es; sometime politically opposed, mh
always as we understood tho jiluation.
In all these long: years Mr. Burrows
adhered to-the owe text that an "injury
to one is the conrn of all."
I Gage county, where he has mrdb hi
homo for yewrs, hi record is untarnish"
d and his name has been tho ensign
waving that riled thr blood of corpora
tion cappers; and sent Ihem ono by ne
into enforced retirctwent. This pair
scarcely deems- it n,eceary to refer to
these assaults upon Mr, Burrows, lie
has no fallen political fortunes to recu
perate, for t he only carexpagin he ever
mado in Gage county both the demo
cratic and republican parties combined
to. defeat him. and by dint of hard
canapaigningrand the- use of thousand
of dollars in the hands-of tuai unscrupu
corporation tool, Capt.(?)Jm Marsh, he
was defeated by 85 voUi
In a county naturally rciMjErfican by
bno thousand majority., thew can cer
tainly bo no wrecked political fortunes
for him to retrieve in Gage ot&umrty.
The Arbor State may not agree with
Mr. Burrows in all things-,, bu that man
does not live who-exoels- him. in. sincere
determination to 'do his- part in ameli
orating the condition, ottho- working
and producing maBses.
A Poort Road..
Tho Q road is- too poor to reduce
rates on Nebraska produce;, but it U
not too poor to buy out a-rival, rood to
enable it to hold up rates. It has- jut
bought out the Chicago Burlington &
Northern, which has long boon a trou
blesome and unmanageable olemont iu
the freight problemthat is in tho prolv
lem of how to keep up ratos. A. nota
ble feature in this deal is the fact that
it was perfected by the Boston owmr
of the Q without the knowledge of any
of its western officers Tlie first inti
mation they had of it was from the re
porters. There are one ; or two mom
lines to be fixed, when railroad men
think everything will bt solid. Tho (
earned in January, 1890, over. two mil
lion and two hundred thousand dollar.
If it should do only half as well for. the
other eleven months - of - the will
pay a dividend of eight per cent on all
its stock, in addition, to the interest on
its bonds. It is stocked for. $70,300,000,
and bonded for $85,255,000 or a. total of
nearly 162 millions. Its stock and bond,
amount to$34,400por mile on 4,700 miles
of road. This is the road which Geo-W.
Hoidredge, in his impudent and. iusult
ing letter to Gen. Leese admits au b
duplicated for $20,000 a .mile, and assert
that it is paying only 5.3 per. cent on
that valuation, and says the inlerosm
its bonds must be paid; out; of. that.
While it is too poor to . reduce the rate
on corn, it is not too . poor. to buy out a
competing railroad .
Co-Operative .Stores.
Editor Alliance; Wo- would like
to have you give us a little -more light
on the co-operative store. 1st. Would
it not take two or three-ox pert, book
keepers to run the-store?. 2d. How
would we increase our capital to. run a
large store? We would like to. start a
store if we could see - ourwav. cloar to
success. We are twenty-five mile
from a 'railroad aud oannot deal with
commercial men, as Paxton &. Galla
gher has this country corralled. L'leaso
give us all the- information you. can.
We have upwards-of. fifty members-Ln
our Alliance, and expect to have oiie
hundred inside of two. months and we
mean business. Respectfully,
Geo. Sherman, fcnirgent, Nebs
1 . The book-keeping, of a co-operative
store is no more- complicated; nor
extensive than, that of an ordinary
store run on. tho .credit system if
as much so. If. there is absolutely no
credit given; to. members,' (and. tliero
should be none),, there is a very simple
devic to determine tho amount of
trade of each member for the month or
quarter. Metallic- tokens are procured
representing, the different denomina
tions of coin. When a member buys
any goods- he receives one of these to
kens to the amount of his purchase.
The amount in his posession at tho cud
of the quarter determines the amount
of his trade and the profit ho would lie
entitled to. Correct book-keeping in
important, but no more important nor
onerous-than elsewhere.
2. If fifty of you join in. a store, ami
do all your trading with it, and let jour
profits go into capital stock, your store
will grow with your ability to manage
it. If you had a large capital to invest
at the start we would not advise its in
vestment. It is better to make a small
beginning and let the business develop.
Your situation is a disadvantage as to
buying. But suppose you raise $250.00,
or $5.00 for each member, and pay cash
for a small stock of staples, do a ready
pay business, and be ready with th-
cash to pay for your next invoice. You
will not repeat this process long before
commercial men will find you, not
withstanding a twenty-five mile buggy
drive, and in spite of Paxton & Galla
gher. There are many obstacles to bo over
come. The Elixir of Life is found iu
overcoming obstacles.
Illness of Bro. Loucks.
We have received a line from Bro.
Loucks in which he informs us that he
has been confined to his bed nearly all
the time since tho St. Louis meeting.
He is now better, and will soon be in
the saddle again, for which we will all
be profoundly' grateful. Bro. Loucks
cannot well be spared yet.