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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (March 15, 1890)
THE FAKMJ4KS' ALLIANCE: LINCOLN, NEB. , SATURDAY, MAK. 15, 1890.
national farmers alliance.
President. H. L. Loucks, Dakota.
Vice-President. John H. Powers. Nebraska.
Secretary, August Post, Moulton, Iowa.
Treasurer, J. J. Furlong, Minnesota.
Lecturer, N. B. Ashby, lies Moines, Iowa.
NEBRASKA STATE ALLIANCE.
President, John II. Powers, Cornell.
Vice President, Valentine Horn, Aurora.
Secretary-Treasurer, J. M. Thompson, Lincoln.
Lecturer, W. F. Wright, Johnson county.
Asst. lecturer, Logan Mclteynolds, Fairfield.
Chaplain, Rev. J. S. Edwards, Wahoo.
Boor keeper, D. W. Barr, Clay county.
Asst. door keeper, James Underbill, Syracuse.
Seargeant-at-arms, J. Billingsly, Shefton.
J, Borrows, chairman; B. F. Allen, Wabash;
J. W. Williams. Fllley; Albert Dickerson,
Litchfield; Frank II. Young, Custer.
Post Office at Lincoln, Neb., June 18, 1889.
I hereby certify thatl'HE Alliance, a week
ly newspaper published at this place, has been
determined by the Third Assistant Post Mas
ter General to be a publication entitled to
admission in the mails at the pound rate of
postage, and entry of it as such Is accordingly
made upon the books of this office. Valid
while the character 'of the publication re
mains unchanged. Albert Watkins,
THE VOICE OF THE PEOPLE.
Bro. McDannel Sizes the Matter up About
Bromfield, Neb., March 6,. 1890.
Er. Alliance: Our Lodge, No. 531,
has been, organized a year, and its
membership is still increasing. It is a
hard pull against the stream, but the
farmers out here have picked up the
oars and said we will row our own boat
across the treacherous sea or drown.
The state board of transportation says
that railroad companies should be al
lowed a fair return for capital invested,
etc. I would like to know who are
looking after the farmers' interests to
see that they are to get a fair return
for their capital invested. It seems
as though the railroads must be well
cared for if the farmers perish. There
are several thousand veteran soldiers
of the late war in this state Avho are
living on homesteads and are paying
tribute to the curse that they fought to
lut down, and whose children should
own the land that was granted the rail
roads, and now they are slaves to the
monied aristocracy, so the country is
full of men who are looking for work
and have no hope of owning a home,
and the farmers cannot affort to pay
living wages. Now there is something
radically wrong. We are well aware
that taxes and official salaries are con
tinually "increasing regardless of the
depression of the agricultural interests,
and when we investigate these ques
tions we lind that the principal cause
of our financial, moral and intellectual
grievances is that there is not a suffi
cient supply of money in circulation to
transact the great increasing business
that has been brought about by scien
tific and improved methods of farming
and manufacturing, and I think unless
our circulating medium is increased to
correspond with our scientific methods
of production that the producer will be
a slave to the money controlling power
(as we are now). Now the farmers are
bearing the burdens for that power the
.same as a dumb brute for its master,
and will bear them as long as the mon
ied power through political shysters
keep us separate by party prejudice. I
thiuk we have been a set of stool pig
eons, or worse, stupid fools, who are a
disgrace to a so-called free and civilized
country. But there will be a day of
reckoning next November. Will we
be drove into the trap by the party
lash or will we set our own trap and
catch the wolves that seek to devour us?
I expect I am taking up too much
room in your valuable paper, The Al-
xiance, which is the best farmers' pa
per I ever read. Long may it live.
As ever yours in friendship,
B. h . McDannelL
The Alliance in Phelps Co.
- Romeyn, Nee., Feb. 17, 1890.
Editor Alliance: Our Alliance is
flourishing. Interest in the work in
creases at each meeting. I believe the
farmers of this county are doing
more solid thinking than ever be
fore. We realize that there is some
thing radically wrong with the indus
trial system of our country, where thou
sands upon thousands of honest and in
dustrious people are forced to go hungry
and half clad through enforced idleness
in the land of plenty.
There is nothing like hard times to
set farmers to thinking, and times are
surely "tight" enough now to set the
dullest wits to work to try to find out
the cause thereof. All the monopolistic
papers cry, "over production? "you farm
ers produce so much that the world
cannot consume it." This excites the
indignation of every intelligent, well
informed farmer; but there are some
foolish enough to believe such stuff, if it
happens to appear in "My Inter Ocean,"
or "My State Journal," and feel flattered
and thankful to think that they live in
such a vastly productive and well-governed
country! Such thoughts must be
of great comfort to the farmer who is
compelled to wear his last summers'
overalls and plowshoes all winter, bor
row money to pay his taxes, go without
tea, coffee and sugar, warm nis toes by
a corn fire or sell his grain and livestock
for less than the cost of production. It
is folly to argue that there is so much
bread and meat and clothing produced
in the United States that thousands of
honest and industrious people are com
pelled to suffer with hunger and cold!
A paradox indeed. Over-production
could not possibly cause hard times.
There would be a good demand for all
Ave could produce if the money necessary
to back no the demand was in circula
tion, instead of being locked up in banks
to be loaned out to the dear people at
from one to five per cent per month.
Restricted exchange of commodities,
caused by high freight rates, high inter
est and high tariff on so many of the
necessaries of life, are a few of the
many causes of hard times among us;
and the farmers know, or are fast find
ing out that they all spring from or are
fostered by purchased legislation in fa
vor of the few against the many. They
also realize that they need never expect
any relief from a set of Millionaire Con
gressmen and bribe-taking legislators.
As soon as they are thoroughly organiz
ed they will proceed to remove such fel
lows to private life (when their terms of
office expire) and fill their places with
honest men who cannot be bought or
intimidated; and they will do so just as
systematically as a farmer would "plow
under" a patch of big weeds and plant
the ground to corn. I am glad to say
that there are more papers published in
the interest of the farmers now than
ever before. They realize this, and are
rallying to the support of such papers,
regardless of the tons of taffy thrown to
them by the subsidized press.
Every member of our Alliance here
would take The Alliance, paper if able.
"We are discontinuing ail papers not
known to be in full sympathy with our
organization. - V
I send with this a club of five for The
Farmer's Alliance one copy of which
is for our Alliance, and hope to have
more names to send soon.
John W. Haynes,
Sec. Alliance, No. 872.
Come again, Bro. Komeyn. Your views
are sound and your promises flattering.
We hope your prophecies about farm
ers' actions will be fulfilled.
The Richardson County Men Mean What
At a regular, meeting of Barada
Farmers' Alliance No. 834 held in their
hall at Barada, Richardson County,
Neb., on the 22nd day of Feb., 1890, the
following resolution was unanimously
Vhereas, The farmers of Nebarska
are to-day in a worse financial condi
tion with an abundant crop, than in
the memorable dark days of drouth
and grasshopper raids; and
Whereas,, The railroads are to-day
taking half of our corn for the trans-
Eortation of it for 500 miles, and the
alance is left the producer at the net
arrd enormous sum of 15 cts per bushel
with which to purchase the necessaries
of life in a protected market of 50 per
Whereas, Every fair and candid
minded man must see that the farmer
of Nebraska cannot under such condi
tions pay his debts, mortgages, taxes,
interest on railroad bonds, increase of
officers' salaries, and and at the same
time make a fair and comfortable liv
ing for himself and family; therefore
Resolved, By the Farmers' Alliance of
Barada, No. 834, Richardson county,
Neb., That we hereby give due and
timely notice that no man, be he repub
lican or democrat, prohibition or mug
wump or of any other political organiza
tion whatsoever, will receive ovir sup
port for state or legislative office who
does not favor and pledge himself to
use his bst eflorts to secure reasonable
and just local and through freight rates
and a reduction of all unnecessary
Fulton Peters, Pres.
Isaiah Tompkins, Sec.
Will there be a change?
Editor Farmers' Alliance: Will
there be a change ? Nearly every body
prophesies, " lhere will be a change."
Common expressions now are, " There
will have to be a change of some kind."
" This state of an airs cannot last much
longer." " We are slaves." If there be
a change coming, what will the na
ture of fhat change be? Three kinds of
changes are possible. 1st. Men in pow
er and wealth may secretly unite, disarm
the people in the name of law and order,
take possession of the government and
proclaim an empire at any time and if
the people are unguarded, the same be
established. 2nd. .The people being sen
sitive of their condition may organize in
to defensive societies for sympathy and
counsel, 'humble themselves, pray and
petition to the priests of The Golden
Calf until they have endured the burden
and their backs break. Then Anarchy
would follow, the result of which would
be a matter of chance. There would be
a conflict of all the evil elements melt
ing with fervent 'heat. Government
would become disorganized, which may
again become organized, retaining all
its former imperfections. 3rd. The
people may organize, lay definite plans
of 'action founded in wisdom. Being
forewarned they will be forearmed, and
be able to resist any encroahments upon
their constitutional rights. By being or
ganized with a dehnite aggressive pur
pose in view, they may perfect the Con
stitution and the laws by the ballot in a
peaceable way, and thus return prosper
ity and happiness to the people. Let us
hope, pray and work for the latter.
Endorsing Leese and the Farmers' Alli
ance. Editor Alliance: At the last meet
ing of Doniphan Alliance No. 378, the
following resolutions were adopted:
Resolved, The insignificant reduction
in freight rates is an insult to the farm
ers of Nebraska, and wTe censure the
board of transportation for accepting
anything less than ten cents per 100
Resolved, That the members of this
Alliance heartily endorse the position
of Attorney-General Leese in the mat
ter, and pledge him our support
Resolved, That we will not subscribe
to or support any newspaper that is
run in the interest of any railroad or
corporation, but will use our influence
to extend the circulation of The Farm
ers' Alliance published at Lincoln,
Neb. D. Clark, i
Thos. Vorrah, -Com.
L. S. Orcutt, )
Some Pointed Questions by Bro. Orcutt.
Editor Alliance: If you have space
will you allow me to ask my Bro. farm
ers a few questions?
What are we organizing for if it is not
tor feeit rrotection?
Why do we subscribe for and support
newspapers that are run in the interests
of monopolies, and against us?
Why not let such papers get their sup
port from those whom they work for?
Why not drop such papers and support
our own paper the Farmers' alliance?
It seems foolish to think that we will
form Alliances and still support news
papers that are working against us.
Think the matter over, Bro. .banners,
and see if you are not contributing to
the press to your own injury.
L. S. Orcutt,
Show us the way.
Fullerton, Neb. March, 3, 1890.
Editor Alliance: The County Alli
ance met to-day and arrangements were
made for a complete organization of the
county. The true Alliance spirit pre
vails and it does look as though the
members will not be held by party pas
sion and prejudice. But so far as the
political work and reform is concerned
w hat can they do if they have none else
to vote for when the time comes. Even
a representative democrat or prohibi
tionist, although a member of the Alli
ance, put up and elected by a party, will
owe his allegiance to that party. Men
familiar with the history of the political
agitations of '56 will remember in what
a different light things were placed
when James Buchanan declared "I am
no longer James Buchanan, but the
Chicago platform." E. B.Spakman.
Wood From Eastern Cass Co.
Our friend L, G. Todd, of Union, was
in town this week with a car load of
wood from his farm in Cass Co. The
charge for hauling a car of wrood from
Union is $18.72. A little figuring on this
will show that the M.P.roadhas a larger
interest in Mr. Todd's wood lot than he
has himself. All the road does is to
hook on to the car and haul it 50 miles.
Mr. Todd furnishes the wood, cuts it
and does all the labor. He gets $35 per
car, wrhile the road gets $18.72. It fig
ures about this way:
Value of car of wood,'13 cords $13.00.
Cutting 75cts per cord, $7.75. Hauling
four miles and loading, $1.00 per cord,
$13.00. Total, $33,75.
Wood sells in Lincoln at $35.00, leav
ing Bro. Todd $1.25. The roads gets as
DEMAND FOR REDUCTION
FREIGHT AND TAXES.
At the end of the vear 1889. in the Uni
ted States, there were 100,000 miles of
railroad, and reported gross earnings ior
the year of $975,000,000. J.ne roaus are
capitalized at 9,000,000,000. After pay
ing runnng expenses, taxes and better
ments there go to individuals for the
year, $320,000,000. To more fully show
the meaning of the capitalization and
dividends, the actual investments and
watered stock should be separated.
The cost of building a single track road
with ordinary equipment is near $17,000
to the mile. The first cost of the roads
is $2,720,000,000. From this amount the
local subscriptions and government aid
to the Pacifies, with the value of the
mony and land grant subsidies should be
deducted. For these $1,000,000,000 is
doubtless too low, as the Pacifies alone
cover i of this amoun t. After this deduc
tion there remains the first cost of all
the mileage $1,720,000,000. Since the
construction of each line, betterments
have been continually made out of the
earnings, improving the grades, road
bed.refaying with steel rails and increas
ed and improved machinery and rolling
stock. Almost unlimited transportation
charges have paid for all the improve
ments, and much of the original capital
invested in extensions and many new
lines. Deducting the original cost from
present capitalization there are $7,280,
000,000 watered stock. Not only the ori
ginal investment, but the additional
amount of watered stock has to
be supported by the transpor
tation rates. The cost of the roads
is $29 per capita of the population, but
the watered stock swells the cost to $150
per capita. Deducting i of the popula
tion as nonproducers, the whole burden
falls on 45,000,000 people to pay the
earnings, and as only one out of five of
them work, 9,000,000 must support
themselves and families, and pay these
dividends. The dividends amount to
18 per cent on the cost of the roads, and
a little over 3 per cent on the cost with
the watered stock added. Every man
that labors on the farm, in the mine.for
est and shop must pay $36 of his earn
ings to the railroads. $13 each pays b
percent interest on the investment of
every mile of railroad in the country.
And there are thousands of miles of un
necessary parallel lines and extensions
not needed for any practical purpose,
the cost of which ought to be deducted
from the burdens of the people support
ing public carriers.
- The people may complain all they
will, their burdens will never be lessen
ed until there is some way found to
bring down the rates of transportation
to correspond in some reasonable de
gree to the actual investment of capital
in the roads. The Union and Central
Pacific roads is a case in point of what
extortion will do in the hands of Wall
Street Bankers. The Government fur
nished more money than it costs to build
the road. The land grant was worth
more than double the cost of the road.
Now the road is bonded at $105,000 to
the mile. In 1889 on all this bonded
debt the road has earned 4 per cent.
Not satisfied with the rates out of which
these immense earnings had been made,
a scheme is now being formulated in
Wall Street to make a copper lined com
bine of all the roads in the country, di
vided into groups with trusted agents in
charge oi each group, all working un
der one supreme head of president, from
whose decision there is no appeal. All
the power of the Wall Street Bankers
with their $600,000,000 of deposits, and
all the power of the United States
Treasury with her $620,000,000 of cash,
are to be made to bear upon organizing
this gigantic combine to control the
transportation of all the roads and se
cure the maintain ance of rates that will
insure fixed dividends on their entire
capitalization. To accomplish this pur
pose in Nebraska the roads are confis
cating f of the value of the corn crop of
1889. In addition to that the roads have
big rates for all supplies of coal and
goods hauled into the state. The peo
ple are literally robbed by the roads
when they ship their produce to market,
and fleeced alive when necessaries are
shipped into the state. The people see
their property going out oi their hands,
and have nothing left to show for it. If
transportation were reasonable, there
are places enough to ship all the surplus
corn where it is needed. Dakota needs
all the surplus corn of both Kansas and
Nebraska, but this system of putting
unbearable burdens upon labor shuts olf
demand for everything, their earnings
going to pay fat dividends at the ex
pense of many necessaries of life.. La
boring men must economise in their
clothing and table, as well as cut off all
luxuries. The bond must be paid to the
Wall Street Shylock. N. Tucker,
City Hotel, Chicago.
Notice of Fillmore Co; Meeting.
An Alliance mass meeting will be held
at Geneva, .Thursday Mar. 20. 1890, at
11, a. m., for the purpose of organizing
a County Alliauce. Subordinate alli
ances will send delegates. All Alliance
members and all farmers interested in
Alliance work are earnestly invited to
attend. Prominent speakers are expect
ed to be present. By order of Commit
tee. T. O. Huston, Pres.
G. M. Pierson, Sec.
The Balance of Industries.
Editor Alliance: In your issue of
March 1st appears an article headed
" Balance of Industries," and signed
"Once a Farmer," which I think calls for
some attention. He says "Many things
may be surplus without being wasted,
but the one thing that must be absolute
ly valueless is a surplus of food, for this
the consumption is limited by nature.
To balance the industries of this country
is hopeless; for centuries to come there
will be too much food." Great Scott!
Why bless your dear soul, what is the
basis of all wealth? If it is not the twins
labor and food, what is it? They are
the two inseparable factors, labor to
procure food to give strength to labor.
Give me food in abundance, and just
and equitable laws, and I will give you
such a civilization as the world has
never yet seen, nor ever dreamed of. It
is the surplus that gives hours, days,
years for other occupation. The surplus
either natural or stolen, has built every
city of the past and present every
bridge, factory, railroad. It has excava
ted every tunnel and honey-combed the
mountains of the earth with mines. It
has printed every book and neAvspaper,
created every work of art. It has lifted
man from a lower to the present condi
tion. Surplus of food is the alpha and
the omega of civilization. If I can
produce food enousrh in one hour to
sustain my self and family for twentv-
four, it gives me seven hours for other
physical employment, for beautifing my
home, planting trees, shrubs, flowers,
&c. It erives me eight hours for mental
culture, recreation, and for alleviating
the sufferings of my fellow man, and
eight "hours for refreshing sleep. But
say you, food alone will not suffice. You
must have clothing, shelter, machinery,
&c. Correct. If food is easily procured
all of those secondary though vital
considerations must out of necessity be
produced on the same easy terms: as the
secondary can in justice at no time be
come superior to the primary. But un
der our damnable statesmanship the tail
is all the time alowed to wag the doer.
They have made a minority legalized
highwaymanry whose only business is to
demand from the farmer and laborer-and
he is compelled to deliver two, three,
and even a hundred fold more of intrin
sic wealth than they return to him, thus
necessarily impoverishing him. His
consuming capacity is contracted on the
one hand, and on the other he is goaded
on to produce more with the vain dream
that he might be able to consume more.
If he had onlv time and disposition to
investigate he would discern this fallacy 5
and learn that instead of bettering his
condition he was only giving his ene
mies a greater advantageThe fallacious
reasoning of our friend has too long been
held up before a deluded people. In.
this very cocoanut is the milk that has
fattened the few and starved the many in
the ages past.
We have the power right here with us
this day to balance our industries, of
course not under our present system of
statesmanship, but a system where ex
changes can and will be made accord
ing to intrinsic value instead of special
legislated value. Then the paupers of to
day would hold quite a different posi
tion. This result can be brought about
by honest, just, and equitable laws.
Those laws will only be enacted by a
majority of honest, intelligent and hu
mane men. The laborers and agricul
turists have the positive power to enact
them. Honest men are ready to do this
work. The proprosition that all men
have their price is a damnable libel on
humanity. The men who have sold out
the peoples, interests in all times past
were bought before their election either
with promise of office, money, flattery
or party prejudices. w. h. dech.
" DON'T TELL."
Editor Farmers' .Alliance.
In your issue of the 1st of March I
read an article headed " Don't Tell." Its
leading features, were good, and suggest
ed to me another, and that was, let each
local Alliance secretly watch the pri
maries, lhese are the very starting
point of our evils. The villiage wire
worker gets in his deadly work at these
primaries. lhe unsuspecting tarmer,
be he Democrat or Republican, goes in
unprepared, and the adroit villiage or
county politican comes there, and moves
hi3 nominee s acceptance, generally sec
onded by a decoy duck, just as our
Monte sharpers do; and the unsuspect
ing voter not being prepared before
hand, finds himself left, and is coolly
asked as 1 was once asked in relation to
Church Howe's nomination "What are
you going to do about it?" Now let our
Alliances discuss these nominees, either
Democrat or Republication fact all po
litical nominees. Well do I recollect,
Fred Douglas's refusal to tell how he
escaped from slavery. His reasons were,
"Never enlighten your enemy;" under
mine but never enlighten. General
Grant never told Lee where his mines
were situated. It may be said that se
cresy has an evil aspect. True.but it is
a grand engine when you have an en
emy like the machine politican to con
tend with; for recollect one patent fact,
it is by their secret trick they succeed.
x ours for political honesty,
JOHN s. maiben.
Agricultural Fads and Wasted Appropri
Alliance No. 916 has sent us the fol
lowing clipping from the X. Y. Times of
Feb. 20, for publication, and also a reso
lution in relation to the subject which is
l another column. State aid to joint
stock societies which are running county
race courses under the name of Fairs,
is a fraud on the tax-payers and should
no longer be tolerated. The article be
low hits the matter squarely. We im
agine an investigation of the subject will
show that Nebraska tax-payers are suf
fering in this direction much more than
The Chemung (N. Y.) Agricultural
Society has made an effort and none
too early to oppose increased burdens
upon the public in the shape of further
grants for alleged benehts to agriculture.
Among these costly propositions is $150,
000 for the erection of permanent fair
buildings at Syracuse, although ample
provisions for the purpose already exist
in no less than four convenient locali
ties, where they have been made at the
expense of the cities of Albany, Utica,
Rochester and Elmira; $10,000 is de
manded for the dissemination of dairy
information by a ring of lecturers and
showmen, who carry around cows and
churns and show dairymen how to
make butter in the old-fashioned way
that has been in use since our grand
mother's days; $15,000 is wanted for a
State roultry Association, which con
sists of three persons whose chief quali
fications are their rapacity and cheek.
and $25,000 more is modestly requested
for divison among the county agricul
turial societies, which are private ven
tures in the form of hippodrome shows
that commonly pay satisfactory divid
ends to the stock owners.
Every column of this paper might be
filled with instances of waste in this di
rection. The printed matter now shed
off by the numerous experiment stations
fairly buries the community, and,- as if
there were not enough of it, the United
States Agricultural Department issues a
costly pamphlet in the form of a synop
sis of the Station reports, which is got up
by an editorial corps especially engaged
for the purpose. The trivial character
of the matter thus gathered may be
shown t by the following extracts from
various bulletins, thus:
" Commercial fertilizers vary greatly
in their effect on the yield of crops."
" Since the amount of fat can differ as
much as 43:45 per cent, between the first
and last drawn parts of the milk during
a single day, there seems to be very
great economy in taking the first part
of the milk for family use."
"When feeding calves it is quite suffi
cent to give them milk from the first
'The results of the experiments rend
er the dairyman independent of some of
the greatest difficulties with which he
has to contend, especially in making of
All this (leaving the bad grammar un
noticed) will make a y farmer or far
mer's wife smile first and then become
disgusted. It indicates extreme ignor
ance and unbounded assurance. For
what farm child does not know as the
oldest thing learned that the strippings
are the richest part of the milk; and
what farm wife will not feel indgnant
at the insinuation that the poorest of the
milk is good enough for her table, and
the best is set away for sale, while all
along the rich strippings have been
saved, if separated at all, for the family
use. And the whole pamphlet is filled
with this sort of trash. Being No. 1 of
Vol. 1., this issue might very well be
made the last and the money expended
upon it be saved hereafter.
Sherman County Alliance.
Will hold its next quarterly meeting
at Loup City, March, 22d, 1890, at 10
o'clock a. m. A full representation
from all subordinate Alliance is re
quested. J. W. Zink,
Meeting of Gosper County Alliance.
The Gosper County Farmers' Alliance
will hold its regular quarterly meeting
March 22d, at 1 o'clock p. m. sharp, in
Elwood. It is hopea that a full delega
tion will attend from each subordinate
Alliance, as important business will be
presented. W. H. Stone, Sec.
W.C.T. U. COLUMN.
Edited by Mrs. S. C. O. Upton, of Lincoln,
Neb., of the Nebraska Woman's Christian
The editor of The Almancb places the re
sponsibility of this column in the care of the
Here U a song to teach the little boys.
It comes from Mrs. Anna Gordon's
"Marching Songs, "and we wantNebras
ka boys to learn to sing . it from the
When We Are Old Enough to Vote.
Tcke: '-Yankee Doodle."
When we are old enough to vote
We'll make a great commotion,
We'll 6weep the land of whiskey clean '
From ocean unto ocean.
Old Alchohol will have to fall
From his exalted station;
We'll smite him right, we'll smite him left,
And drive him from the nation.
Some day the world will bless the men
Who now are only boys, sir:
For we are learning1 lessons true
With all our fun and noise, sir.
chorus : -Old Alcohol, etc.
For right is right, and wrong is wrong,
We know the way that's best, sir.
We'll choose the right and fight the wrong,
And leave with God the rest, sir.
chorus, Old Alcohol, etc.
The License Money.
O, the curse of the money that is in
the liquor business! How it blinds men's
consciences and judgment! How it
stifles the throbbings of pity and makes
a man forget the pleading of charity.
honor or religion, so far as to sell or li
cense the sale of the drink that steals
from the home its comfort and happi
ness, that takes the sjioes from the little
feet and puts out the fire from the fam
It is unnecessary to frame a fresh in
dictment of the drink habit, it has been
indicted before the bar of public opinion
for years. The moral sentiment of this
land condemns it as a thief who has rob
bed many a child of bliss and of bread;
as a murderer because it puts the mur
der-inspiring fluid into many an armed
ruffian's hand, and lights the flame of
all destructive passions. Like the Ital
ian assassin, who, with dagger raised
said unto his enemy, "I will spare your
life if you will abjure this religion of
Jesus Christ, and when the poor wretch
yielded, plunged the dagger through
his heart crying "my revenge is sweet,
for now I have killed both soul and
body." So, the drink curse is not con
tent with stealing life's good things, or
with destroying life itself, but gloats
over the hopeless ruin of immortal souls.
Yet, with these awful charges proven
and generally believed, the liquor traf
lie still organizes its friends and en
trenches its position, while men who
control the moral force of the land hesi
tate and palter and question how to exe
cute sentence on it. Avarice shouts
"tax it or make it pay a fine." Indiffer
ence says "enact local option, that com
munities that don't want it may drive it
out." Principle says'prohibitit." Then
cowardice steps in and says "you can't
enforce prohibition." Thus, ruled by
avarice and cowardice the people allow
the curse to deepen vear by year. The
liquor trade never liad a better ally
than a high license law. High license
bribes the whole community to let the
If prohibition would simply close the
saloon and deprive the drinker of his
dram, it could be passed far easier than
it can now be, because men are per
suaded, to oeiieve tne license money is
lessening taxes, and paying for public
improvements. A community with a
hundred families will license a saloon
for five hundred dollars, saving each
possibly a tax of five dollars. What
a paltry sum for which they expose their
families to the saloon's destructive mflu
ences! It is not argument, it is but an
array of words with which men bolster
up license laws. It is a simple surrender
of right for so much money. Some
reason that by continually increasing
the license we may at last make it pro
hibitive. Do not be deluded. A license
law protects the saloon. People are
taught to respect it as an instrument to
pay their taxes. Men are educated by
them to drink and so the demand for
their continuance is kept up. The li
cense payer gets a monopoly of the bus
iness, and establishes a center of influ
ence strong enough to be self -perpetuating.
The liquor men want nothing better
than high license, and they say so.
lheretore, if high license is a move
ment toward prohibition it must be like
some one wittily says: "Like a dog
chasing its tail," it may go round and
round, but never gets any nearer its
A bushel of corn is said to make about
twenty dollars worth of whiskey. So
the drinking farmer actually sells his
corn for fifteen cents and buys it back
over the bar for twenty dollars. Kather
a poor investment isn't it?
RcshvilleHeb., March 1890.
Ed. Farmers' Alliance: Enclosed
you will please find a clipping from the
!n. Y. Times of Feb. 20. which we would
be glad to have you publish, also the fol
lowing resolution offered by this Alli
ance. Resdlved, That in view of the unsatis
factory institute work in the state of
New York, we, farmers of Alliance No.
916 of Sheridan county Nebraska, are
opposed to taxing ourselves to enable
any number of dudes to hold institute,
seances in the counties of the state of
Nebraska. Respectfully submitted, -J.
S. Kindaix, J. W. Secor,
Announcement by Alliance
The State Agent isnow prepared
to give jobber's prices on implements
of all kinds, wagons, buggies, road
carts, etc., for cash. We can make
time arrangements for those who must
have it, on large or small amounts;
but would strongly urge a cash basis.
Groceries in any quantity, boots and
shoes, dry goods, and Hardware
will be furnished our people at whole
sale prices. Address
J. W. Hartley, Alliance State Agt.
Members shipping stock to Bell, Shelly &
McCoy, Omaha, will get all there ia in It.
Give the agent notice when shipped. W. K.
Bennett & Co. will Bell groceries, etc., to the
Alliance at Jobbers rates. Send all orders to
Allen Root. Shipments of vegetables, fruits
or poultry, should be billed to Mr. Root, care
of Bowman. Williams & Howe's, Omaha.
Poultry 9 11.
Chickens, live $3.50f4.00doz.
Potatoes, good 3035. -Now
Is the time to sell old potatoes. There
are no new ones on the market yet.
Hay, baled $5.506.00.
When answering advertisements al
I ways mention The Alliance.
A-- HTjrptT-iBTJTT & CO,
GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS, HATS & CAPS.
CORNER P AND TENTH STREETS, LINCOLN, NEB. TERMS CASH.
10 per cent off will he allowed
hers the Farmers? Alliance, where tliey may be known. Onlent
hy mail receive the same attention and prices as if the jiartiestcere
present in person. A. Ilurlbut,
senior partner of IIUBLBUT cG CANE, New York JOB
BEBS IN CLOTHING, samples may he seen at his ojjhv
with above firm,) whice gives
firms in the state in their line.
The finest gTOund floor Photograph Gallery in the state. All work In the finest fin
ish. Satisfaction guaranteed. T. W. TOWNSEND, Prop., 22C3 11th street. 8m38
SILVER FRUIT FARM AND
JOHNSON, NEMAHA CO., NEB. - - - W. F. WRIGHT. Proprietor.
I keep on hand a full supply of all kinds of Fruit Trees and Small Fruits. Thirty years
experience In growing Fruits In Nebraska enables me to make selections adapted to Ne
braska climate and soils. Dispensing with agents entirely I deal directly with the people
thereby saving my patrons all agents' commission. Send for Price Lists for Spring of 1890.
Correspondence solicited. ' 35t6 W.F.WRIGHT.
BEST BUTTER CATTLE.
FOR SALE, M feS' S?T JERSEY CATTLE
cows, heifers and calves, to suit purchasers.
J. C. C. Bulls at a bargain. A good working herd,
Febrary 15, 1890.
C. B. BACHELDEB, Cambridge, Neb.
Published Weekly by the
ALLIANCE PUB. CO.
J. BURROWS, Chairman State Alliance Ex. Com,, Editor.
J. THOMSON, Secy State Alliance, Business Manager.
SUBSCRIPTION $1.00 PER YEAR, INVARIA
BLY IN ADVANCE. Or, five subscriptions,
in one order, one year for $4.00.
The Alliance is the official organ of the. Nebraska State Alliance. It is
conducted solely in the interest of the farmers and laboring men of the
State. It is absolutely fearless and untrammeled in the discussion of all
questions. IT ACCEPTS NO CORPORATION PATRONAGE, AND ITS
EDITORS HAVE NO FREE PASSES, AND ITS OPINIONS ARE NOT
FOR SALE AT ANY PRICE. In the above particulars it is a new de
parture in Nebraska journalism.
We confidently appeal for support to all wlto can appreciate the value of
such a paper.
THE ALLIANCE one year and Edward Bellamy's great book, Lookinc
THE ALLIANCE one year, and
x hose books may be ordered from
cents; Labor and Capital 20 cents.
BSF Money sent by bank draft, Express or Post Office order, or Registered
Letters at our risk. Stamps and Postal
All officers of Alliances are requested to act as agents. Address.
Alliance Publishing Co., Lincoln, Neb.
TO PREPARE FOR A
CHANGE IN MY BUSINESS,
I will offer my entire stock of
200 Mai Bay
3 and 5 years old, and 50 pure bred mares,
AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES. 150 DEEP MILKING
MUST BE SOLD DURING
An opportunity rarely offered to secure
I am prepared to offer. Send for pamphlet
GEO. E. BROWN,
The vr&y to do this is to ship your Butter, Eggs, Poultry, Veal, Hay, Grain, Wool, Hides,
fieans, Broom Corn, Green and Dried Fruits, Vegetables, or anything you have, to us. The
fact that you may have been selling these articles at home for years is no reason that you
ihould continue to do so if you can find a better market. We make a specialty of receiving
ihipments direct from FARMERS AND I'KODUCERS. and probably have the largest trade In
:his way of any house in thfs market. Whilst you are looking around for the cheapest mai
fret in which to buy your goods and thus ecouomizmg in that way, it will certainly pay yoa
to give some attention to the best and most prontabie war of disposing of your produce. W
invite correspondence from INDIVIDUALS, ALLIANCES, CLUBS, and all organizations
Charge our daily market report, shipping directions and such information as will be of ser
nee io you ii you contemplate snipping, iet
SUMMERS, MORRISON & CO.,
KEFEREN'JE: -Metropolitan Nation Bank,
FOR SALE BY STATE AGENT.
Wagons 3J4 and '6Yt inch. f55, complete with
brake. Two seated buggy. $65.- Road carts
$13 to $60. A full line of Agricultural imple
ments at jobber's prices. Brothers can ship
their grain to the Alliance Elevator Co., Chi
cago, of which H. L. Loucks, President of the
National Alliance, is manager. Butter and
eggs can be shipped to Allen Root, In care of
Bennett & Co., Omaha. Nothing can be saved
on lumber in less than car load lots. Make
out a bill with the price at home, and the
agent can lay it down at your station for less.
Blinds, windows and doors are rated as lum
ber. : ALLEN ROOT, State Agent.
. T. MILTONHEKOFIC
on all regular prices to mem"
of IIURLBUT & CO., is the
this firm a prestige over alll
A few young bulls fit for servioe, and threcJA.
mrst cuecK gets tnem.
Send far lull Descriptive
Catalogue for 1890.
Trnmkull, Reynolds & Allen,
1426-1428 St Louis Avenue,
3m33 KANSAS CITI", MO.
Labor and Capital, by Edward Kel
this office Looking backward, so
Notes at risk of Bender.
and Sinn: Mods,
sound, vigorous and fully acclimated
THE NEXT THIIEE WEEKS.
such high class stock , at the prices and terms
giving fnll particulars.
Aurora, Kane Co., 111.
PEICES FOR Y0UE
us near lrom you.
174 S. WATER, ST., CHICAGO.
Chicago. Mention The AlUaac.
and iirsTmra or nxuxmmr.
Shorthand, and Typewriting, is the bent and l&nnwt
College In the West. 6U0 StuUenta In attenriancw W
year. Student prepared tor buM runts in from 8 to
months. Experienced faculty. monal lnstrueUoo.
Beautiful Illustrated catalogue, college journals, and,
specimens of penmanship, sent free by addresHtng-
iJIJJBRinog BOOSE. Uoeola. Nebw
ABE TI BEST
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