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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (March 8, 1890)
' THE ALLIANCE.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY UQRNIN6.
' BY THE .
ALLIANCE PDBLISHIHG CO.
.Lincoln, - - - Nebraska.
' J. BURROWS, .: : : - Editor.
4i M. THOMPSON, Business Manager.
. '. t
In the beauty of the lillies
Christ was born across the sea,
With a glory in his bosom
That transfigures you and me.
As He strove to make men holy
Let us strive to make men free,
Since God is marching on."
Julia Ward Howe.
Laurel crowns cleave to deserts,
And power to him who power exerts."
44 A ruddy drop of manly blood
The surging sea outweighs."
A NEW PREMIUM.
Souvenir for Old Soldiers.
This is a Cabinet Photograph of Gen
erals Sheridan, Merritt, Torbert, Davies
and Gregg, taken in the field in the
Shenandoah valley. Gen. Sheridan is
standing in front of his tent, the other
Generals on either side. This picture
"was reproduced by Noble, of Lincoln,
in the highest style of the art, from the
original now in the possession of Mr.
Burrows. As a staff officer of the 2(1
Brig., Cav. Corps, Mr. Burrows fre
quently met these Generals, and he pro
nounces the likenesses perfect, the best
he has ever seen. This is a historical
picture, the only one of the kind obtain
able, and will be furnished only as a
premium to The Alliance.
The Farmers' Alliance one year and
the above splendid photograph, $1.50.
The picture alone is worth twice the
That's the number of Alliances organ
ized in Nebraska during the month of
February. There is a long anxious seat
for politicians and other mourners
somewhere near these headquarters,
and it is filling up rapidly.
Seeding Nebraska Land to Grass.
There are difficulties in laying down
Nebraska land to grass that are not ex
perienced in more humid climates.
But these are not by any means insur
mountable, as the thousands of acres of
well-sodded meadows and pastures in
all our older counties attest. The
first thing to determine is the kind of
grass to be sown. Persons coming into
the state from rainy regions are gener
erally predisposed in favor of blue
grass. This is not as a rule a success
here; that is it does ndt give satisfac
tion. It can. be grown successfully,
though it takes longer to establish a
blue grass sod here than in humid re
gions. But this is not the great
disadvantage. It turns brown and sere
through our midsummer months., just
at the time when we need our pastures
most. If our spring is dry it starts
late. The amount of forage it produces
is much less than that produced by
some other grasses.
We have found clover and timothy,
seeded in the proportion of twelve
quarts of timothy to four quarts of
clover give the best satisfaction for all
purposes. A half bushel of orchard
grass is a great improvement for pas
ture. Orchard grass is very nutritious
and palatable, and very productive.
In the growing season it will make
more feed in a week than blue grass
will in a month.
It is a common mistake to sow timo
thy alone. This is very unprofitable.
Timothy will produce a larger and bet
ter yield sown with clover than it will
without it, and Ave have the clover in
addition. This is for the reason, we
suppose, that it is a shallow-rooted
grass, and when sown alone the sur
face of the ground becomes too dry to
secure a good yield. Clover shades the
ground, acts partly as a mulch, and re
tains the moisture.
There are two seasons for sowing
these grasses first in the spring with
small grain crops, second in the fall on
stubble. We have found both quite
successful. We favor sowing in the
spring with small grain first, because
the clover gets abetter start the first
year, second because if there is a failure
it can be remedied in the fall without
the loss of the year. If fall sowing is
adopted the sowing of the cloyer seed
must be postponed until spring. We
have had good success in sowing grass
seed with oats on corn stubble. If this
is done the corn stubble should be
raked and burned; otherwise it is very
damaging to the first crop of hay. The
land should also be thoroughly culti
vated both ways with corn plows, and
We sow grass-seeds with the Strow
"bridge broadcast seeder. But for doing
the work well there is no better method
than by hand. If it is done this way
the seed should be divided into two
equal parts and half sown each way
This insures even seeding, with no bare
Again we advise the raising of less
orn and more grass. The latter crop
the stock can harvest for themselves,
and it will give the fanner more profit
for less labor.
The petitions against debt extension
of the U. P. railroad are coming in
by hundreds with thousands of names
appended. They are at once forwarded
to active Washington workers. The
second petition sent out, favoring the
remonetization of silver, is also being
heard from in great force. We hope
150,000 farmers will sign this petition.
Attacks Upon Mr. Burrows.
Some of the railroad organs of the
state, notably the Lincoln Journal and
Omaha Republican, hit between wind
and water by the uprising of the farm
ers, are trying to set the pace for a per
sonal attack upon Mr. Burrows, hoping
thus to turn the. war into another
channel, and distract attention from
the real questions at issue. These pa
pers can only do mischief by inducing
that part of the press which is subser
vient to the same interest to copy their
articles, their own circulation being too
limited to be harmful. According to
them Mr. Burrows is a "demagogue,"
is "playing into the hands of the demo
cratic party," "came to Nebraska to
recuperate, his wrecked political for
tunes," and has "brought discredit upon
the state." Having no better ammuni
tion, the Alliance Memorial is brought
into requisition, denounced as false,
and Mr. Burrows held responsible for it.
We do do not alltade to this matter to
make any defense of Mr. Burrows, but
to show to what desperate straits the
slavish branded crew are reduced.
They dare not attack the farmers.
They are afraid to assail the Alliance.
They cannot controvert the principles
set forth in the Alliance Memorial, and
the facts it stated as to farm mortgages
stand to-day more firmly established
than ever. So they begin a sneaking
warfare upon a man who by accident
or fortune more than design has be
come a feeble champion of the Alliance
and the rights of the people.
The position of Mr. Burrows is im
pregnable. The epithets heaped upon
him are vague and meaningless, and
glance harmless from his coat of mail.
If the principles he advocates are just
and true they will receive assent. If
not they will be rejected.
"Laurel crowns cleave tadeserts,
And power to hin who power exerts ;
Hast not thy share? On winged feet
Lo! it rushes thee to meet;
And all that Nature made thy own,
Floating In air or pent in stone.
Will rive the hills and swim the sea,
And, like thy shadow, follow thee."
He asks no favors in any controversy,
but stands upon the truth. He has
long been throwing rays of light into a
wilderness of corporate and monopo
listic darkness, haunted by caitiffs with
the brand of monopoly on their cheeks;
and his heart swells now with triumph
ant gladness as he sees the gloom re
ceding on the limits of the horrizon.
Mr. Burrows would gladly lay down
the pen, cease the .fight, and take a lit
tle of the ease to which his years and
his life of hard work entitle him. But
it seems to be otherwise ordered, God
only knows why. Fearing no man,
hating no man, with charity for all, he
will stay in the fray until his sense of
duty no longer demands it.
We have said this much in justice to
our own friends. We wish them to let
no personal attacks upon individuals
cool their ardor in a good cause. We
wish them to remember that whether
this man or that man is right or wrong,
ambitious" or not, has nothing to do
with principle. Men come and go, but
truth abides forever. If a cause is just it
will have defenders. The place of
every lost champion will be supplied
with many new ones. Life is a pro
gress, not a station. All men who are
battling for the truth are putting God
in their debt. Those who, though
without professions or creeds, feed the
hungered, lift up the lowly and succor
the oppressed, are the true Christians,
and are truly doing the work of Christ.
" No ffood deed ever joins the dead."
Truth always wins, in the long run.
Men who antagonize it might as well
turn a hose upon tiie stars, or upon the
ruddy aurora of the morning.
So to these little tools with branded
cheeks we say, good-bye. Some of them
lave not the manliness to sign their
own names, but sneak behind a norn tie
plume. We do not answer such we ig
nore them. These men are like figures
on a canvas which are off their centre
of gravity. They arc grotesque, out of
joint with the time, meaningless, and
make no impression. But mark the
figures in the Ansrelus simply feelina
the truth! How grand and mighty!
And now again, once for all, we say to
detractors and villifiers, good-bye.
Disfranchising Districts by a Vote of the
As the contested election cases come
up the republican contestant is always
seated ."by a strict party vote." This
is not a new state of affairs. It has
happened for many years that contested
cases have been decided in this way,
and always in favor of the man who
was on the side of the majority. But it
is none the less reprehensible. The
validity of an election should be de
cided by a court, and not by the house
or senate. The rule that evary parlia
mentary body may judge of the qualifi
cations of its members does not really
aPPly in these cases. The question
arises prior to the fact of membership,
and should be decided by a judicial
and not a partisan political power.
There is another legal point of great
importance involved. There is a wide
difference between the negative power
of rejecting one man and the positive,
power of appointing another. - A man
may have received a majority of votes,
but be rejected on account of informal
ity. This rejection should not elect the
man who received a minority; but un
der the action of the present house of
representatives it is doing so. The
right of rejection or expulsion is no
more than mere custom or usage. The
right of election is a sacred right, and
the very essence of the constitution.
To violate that right is a step towards
anarchy. If it can be violated by a
partisan majority on one pretext it can
on another. It leads directly to the
destruction of representative govern
ment to the establishment of a con
gress which does 'not represent the peo
ple, but only a party.
HSTiie Farmers' Alliance is the
best advertising medium in the west.
FARMERS' ALLIANCE: LINCOLN, NEB.,
Let us Deny that Hard Times Exist.
A very remarkable editorial article
appeared in the Call of Feb. 28th, in re
gard to the hard times and their causes.
The drift of the writer's idea was that
the .press of the country, by denying
the existence of a financial depression
could really alter the fact. The writer
also assumes that there is a large sup
ply of money in the country, . which is
not true. The article is headed, "Times
not hard." We quote:
"The low prices of products, the consequent
slow movement of crops and the hard collec
tions resulting therefrom, have given rise to
a general tendency to complain of hard times
and take a despondent view of the prospects
for the coming year. The fact that a general
belief of this kind is sufficient to produce
temporary financial depression, whether that
belief is well founded or m t, gives a good
deal of importance to the drift of public sen
timent on financial matters and makes it
worth while to consider whether or not such
a tendency as now exists cannot be checked
by showing that no good reason for it exists.
If it can be checked it must be done by the
press of the country."
A "general belief in a financial de
pression never existed until after the
depression had become general. To
show that no good reason for a depres
sion exists, if the Call can do so, is just
the thing to do. But the depression
cannot be cured bv any concerted de
nial of its presence by the press. If the
press is so potent as this let us extend
its influence in other directions. If we
had all agreed to it we might perhaps
have had a thaw during the late frigid
ity; or if we can all agree to say so,
there is no such thing as immorality or
greed in these halcyon days. Shake
speare says, "There is nothing either
good or bad in this world, but thinking
makes it so." Unfortunately the say
ing is an abstraction, and we do have
bad weather, bad morals, and bad
times, whether we think so or not. The
important thing for the Call to consider
is that "the drift of public sentiment"
follows the fact instead of preceding
it. We quote again:
"Another condition which makes very
great financial depression improbable is the
large supply of money in the country. Money
is scarce here but it is because produce is not
moving; but the fact that the product is
known to be here gives confidence to eastern
capital and investments in western property
and securities promise to be larger this year
than for at least four years past. When the
granaries of the country are full and money
may be secured ou farm loans at 8 per cent or
less and on city property at 6ix and even five
per cent no fear of a panic need be felt."
The Call is badly off in its facts. In
stead of there being a "large supply of
money in the country," there never
was a day since the war when there
was so small a supply of money in the
country in proportion to the produced
wealth to be exchanged as there is to
day. This is the great fact upon which
so much disagreement exists. It is this
condition of affairs which superficial
thinkers and men who remain in the
old ruts of belief in financial matters
find it so difficult to understand. Nom
inally low interest, an apparent glut of
money at financial centres, and diffi
culty in making safe investments in
business, are all the direct result of an
inadequate supply of money relative to
production and business. We will say
to the Call that 8 per cent on farm loans
is a higher interest the money derived
from it will buy more wealth, and the
labor required to produce it is much
greater than at any time since the
Avar. The burden of interest is deter
mined by the labor required to create
the wealth with which money is pur
chased to pay the interest. Its nomi
nal rate has nothing to do with de
termining its burden. T,his is deter
mined by the general range of prices.
The lower prices are the greater is the
burden of interest. And the decline of
interest nominally, under the present
monopoly money sj-stem, follows the
fall of prices, but never precedes or
keeps pace with it. As the Call says,
"no exhaustive discussion of this ques
tion can 1x5 made in a newspaper arti
cle;" but we earnestly recommend the
Call to study the subject of the volume
of money as it relates to prices, interest
and labor. A careful investigation on
these lines will bring it light.
As bearing on the question of hard
times we quote from the American
Banker, of New York City, part of an
article published week before last, en
titled, "The Financial Needs of the
"This country has increased in population
from 5 1,000,000, at the date of the resumption
of specie payments (Jan. I, lsT'J), to (50,UiO,000
in.l8.H), while the wealth of the nation has
grown in the same time from 113.000,000,000 to
tf0:,000,000,000. The business of the country
has enlarged in fully as great proportion with
a corresponding increase in the demand for
money, the sinews of business. With this
enormous growth in population, wealth and
business, there has been a policy of contrac
tion strenuously pursued by the government
which has cripoled trade and made produc
tion largely unprofitable, to much so that the
wonder is at the great improvement under
the depressing circumstances."
"The more the farmer raises the poorer he
becomes wny if The price is below the cost
of production, wheat 45 to 00 cents ; corn 18 to
25 cents; oats IS to 15 cents. In the east it is a
competition against combination, capital
against labor, with the prices of articles and
labor generally lower than in 187'J, the period
of comparison for the purposes of this arti
cle. On the basis of property worth 910 per
capita, the entire circulation in money, in
cluding amount in treasury and banks, does
not exceed 254 per cent or 21. W cents for
The Banker says that if the policy of
contraction is maintained it will pre
cipitate panic in the usual train of pa
ralysis and prostration:
It will be seen that the above is di
rectly in line with the Alliance' Memo
rial, which Nebraska money lenders
have abused without understanding.
United States Senators Attempt to Insult
We suppose almost every one has
read in the news dispatches an account
of the late fracas in the United States
Senate, during which charges and counter-charges
were made, and the lie was
freely bandied. We do not allude to
this matter as one of any importance,
but simply to make it the occasion of a
few remarks about this institution.
The United States Senate stands to-day
as the exponent of special interests and
the bulwark of the centralized power
of wealth Avhich threatens the liberties
of the nation. Created as a conserva
tive check upon the possible extrava
gance of a multitude, and a guard
against the possible tyranny of a presi
dent, the senate has come to be the
mere tool of the most irresponsible
power that ever menaced the existence
of a democracy. Every monopolistic
job can find a willing instrument in its
halls. Small in numbers, its members
remote from the people by their long
terms of office; arrogant and domineer
ing because of their great wealth and
the ease with which their seats can be
purchased, when patriots consider this
body a blush of shame mantles their
cheeks. The constitution gave it the
negative power of disapproving execu
tive nominations. It has long since
usurped, under the thin disguise of sen
atorial courtesy, the positive power of
dictating them. It may be a fortunate
circumstance that wealth enfeebles and
enervates. If the great power of money
could be joinei at once with great abil
ity and great ambition, the senate
might become the tyrant of the nation,
and the arbiter of its destinies. While
weakness and inactivity appeal to our
contempt, they undoubtedly contribute
to the safety of the republic. How in
deed are the mighty fallen! The mem
ories of Webster, Clay, Calhoun, Sum
ner, and a host of other intellectual
giants, silently answer: To the low
position this once august body has
reached we are thus compelled to add
the disgrace of degeneracy. Once an
honor to be a member of it, it has now
come to be a reproach. A relic of a
system which has proved to be a fail
ure, the senate can only be improved
by being reorganized. We want no
power in this government that does not
receive its charter directly from the
people. We want no more elections of
senators at second hand. Legislators
are of two common clay, and are too
plastic to the touch of corporate tools,
to be entrusted with the power of elect
ing members of the United States Sen
ate. Let the demand of the Alliance
for the election of senators by direct
vote of the people be enacted into law
as soon as possible, and the senate may
again become a body of which the na
tion may be proud.
Financial Folly. f
One of the ideas of Secretary Win
dom, advanced in his discussion of the
new silver bill, is that foreign silver
should be "rigidly excluded." Was
there ever such folly? Silver to-day
is the exclusive money-metal of two
thirds of the people of the world. If it
comes here it will come the same as
any other product, at its market value,
in exchange for other commodities
Now the idea of exchanging a commod
ity like this, which must always have a
universal use, is extremely absurd
The price of silver will not be affected
by such exclusion, not even if our total
product should be received by the gov
ernment. Any rise in its price will be
caused alone by its partial or entire re
monetization, &.s the fall was caused by
the limitation of its use foe money.
The men who are opposingthe remone
tization of silver will be driven at last
into a , hole, and compelled to admit
that their sole and only object is to di
minish the volume of money in the in
terest of the fixed income classes. It is
the limitation of the volume of money,
without any reference to the cost of its
production, or the cost of the material
of which it is composed, that regulates
the value of all kinds of produced
wealth, and the income that the pro
ducers of wealth may receive. An in
flux of foreign money, or foreign silver,
would be an unmixed blessing. It will
not come nere unless we buy it. We
will not buy it unless we want it, and
have something that we want to sell to
exchange for it. Consequently if it
comes here it will promote trade.
The gold bugs, led by Windom and
Knox, are trying to palaver the silver
men by making a government market
for their silver, and at the same time
not increase its coinage and not use it
as money. This in not what the peo
ple want. More money is Avhat is need
ed, not more bullion.
Board of Transportation.
The board met Monday, March 3d,
when Gen. Leese renewed his motion
upon Avhich he failed to get a second a
feAV days before. Benton, Ccnvdry,
Steen and Lecse Avere present. The
folloAving is the resolution offered by
Whereas. The local rates in force in the
state of Nebraska are extortionate, and there
fore unjust and unreasonable: therefore, be
Resolved, That the secretaries of this board
be and they are hereby instructed to formu
late a new schedule of rates for the adoption
of the same on all lines of railroads in this
state and that the rates of said new schedule
shall so reduce the tariff now in force that the
same shall not exceed the rates of transporta
tion noAv in force in the state of Iowa.
Resoh-ed, That the said new schedule bo pre
pared and returned to this board forthwith.
As on Jan. 22d, the other members
failed to second the motion, and it Avas
declared not regularly before the board,
and no action taken, notAvithstanding
Gen. Leese asked that it lay oA'er to
Wednesday's meeting. Mr. Steen of
fered the folloAving resolution, Avhich
Whereas, the reduction of 10 per cent on the
rate on corn to the Chicago market was too
small to be of any great benefit to the produ
cers of this state, aud
AVhereas, The i-ailroads decline to make any
further reduction, therefore be it
Resolved, That the attorney general be re
quested to go before the interstate commerce
commission and use all honorable means to
secure a material reduction on interstate
rates, his expenses to be paid out of the appro
priation for the board.
By the above it is easy to place the
men Arho are Avilling to make some ef
fort to relieve the reople of Nebraska
from the outrageous local rates under
which they are groaning. Three mem
bers of the board refuse even to alloAv a
schedule of rates to be prepared and
presented to the board for action, as
this was all that Gen. Leese's motion
AA'ould have done if it had been adopted.
Any immediate relief from the inter
state commission in the present chaotic
state of rates east of the river cannot be
expected. But the farmers of this' state
haA'e the satisfaction of being able to
mark the railroad tools who stand as a
bulwark to protect the roads in their
extortions, and will remember them in
At the meeting appointed for Wednes
day there was no quorum.
SATURDAY, MAli. 8,
An Unmitigated and Vile Lie.
Lincoln. Neb.. March 1. fPpecial to the
World-Herald. "As the World-Herald cor
respondent eutered the Capital hotel last
evening a friend tapped him on the shoulder
Tin lnnbprl find saw th mnet. remarkable
political conclave in the history of state poli
tics. Ther stood :
Charles H. Van Wyck.
And they were engaged in a 6ingularly ani
Mr. BurroAvs authorizes us to say
the aboA-e dispatch is false. The Her
ald reporter was probably a little too
full. Mr. B. draws the line at Hoavc
He never spoke to him in his life. His
"stolid dignity" does not allow him to
associate with a man who began his ca
reer behind' a Massachusetts bar and
rounded it up as a Nebraska railroad
capper unless the man should come
forward for prayers and in that case
two Pinkerton men Avould be needed to
watch him Avhile he Avas being prayed
for. The only foundation for the
statement is the fact that Senator Van
Wyck and Mr. Burro avs met by acci
dent in the office of the Capital, and
held a f eAv minutes conversation, as
old acquaintances are apt to do.
We Avill say to the World-Herald that
the journals and the reporters who haAe
made a reputation in this country have
done it by telling the truth. If the W
H expects to gain the confidence of the
public by employing a Mulhattan Avho
manufactures news and steals editor
ials and turns them into intervieAvs, it
will learn its mistake Avhen it is too late
to retrieve it. To steal from a news
paper only differs from stealing spoons
in that it is not punishable by statute,
and to lie through a paper is just as
disreputable as any other lying. .
Hon. Allen Root and the State Agency.
For more than a year past Hon. Al
len Root has been acting as the Alli
ance State Agent at Omaha. Mr. Root
has been doing this work Avithout an'
arrangement for compensation for his
trouble, and solely for the good of the
cause to Avhich he has so long been de
voted. When the executive committee,
at the Grand Island meeting, was di
rected to open an agency at Lincoln,
and employ a competent man to take
charge of it, Mr. Root asked to be re
lieA'ed, and stated that he ' could no
longer attend to the business, Avhich
Avas groAving on his hands, on the same
basis as heretofore. At the urgent re
quest of the chairman of the committee
he consented to continue until a com
petent man to take the Lincoln agency
could be found. Such a man has been
found, is noAV at Lincoln, and has al
ready made arrangements to supply
the county agencies, Alliances and in
dividual members Avith a long line of
goods. These arrangements will be
extended vigorously, as the Avhole time
and energy of the agent will be devoted
to the business. Of course this Avill
operate to relieve Bro, Root largely of
the sale business at Omaha. m
No different arrangements have been
made about stock shipments, and Ave
hope Bro. Root Avill continue present
arrangements until some other plan is
adopted. Also that he Avill lill such or
ders for goods as he may receive,
Too much credit and praise cannot be
given to Bro. Root for the liberal and
disinterested spirit he has sIioavu in
this work; and Ave wish it distinctly
understood that the change has been
made for the purpose of securing the
whole time of an agent, and for the
convenience of having the state agency
and the state secretary at the same
place, and not from any dissatisfaction
with Bro. Root.
A Grand Meeting in Custer County.
The Custer County Alliance met at
Broken Bow, March 4. Sixty Alliances
Avere represented by 104 delegates
The editor of The Alliance was pres
ent by invitation, and participated in
the proceedings of the County Alliance,
and addressed a meeting of the dele
gates and citizens of Broken Bow in
the eA ening. It was a great treat to be
at this meeting. The farmers of Cus
ter county are .a grand lot of men.
Plucky and full of nerve, they are de
termined to make their influence felt in
the government of the state and nation.
The Alliance has been doing a grand
Avork in getting these men together and
thus giving them an opportunity to talk
matters over, and come to an under
standing among themselves. If it had
done nothing else this alone Avould have
justified its existence. But it has done
much more. The farmers of Custer
county are noAv concerting measures
for their benefit in a business direction,
and Ave haAe no doubt much good will
result. Custer county is sure to be
heard from at the proper time.
The Work Booming.
Bro. Post, Secretary of the National
Alliance, writes us that the work is
moving grandly forward. Great inter
est is felt in Ohio, and Alliances are
being rapidly formed. He also Avrites
that one hundred and forty-two Alli
ances Avere formed in IoAva during the
month of February. Two hundred and
sixty-six Avere organized in this state
during that month. Verily, if the Alli
ance will act together, it is becoming
to be a great poAver.
To Our Correspondents.
A press of Avork has prevented our
editing correspondence this Aveek. We
have a large amount on hand. Man'
of the letters are too long for our use.
We ask our correspondents to have
patience. We Avill get around to all of
it in time. Let us say again, boil it
doAvn. Many good letters do not get
published on account of their length.
We invite attention to the advertise
ment of T. W. LoAvrey headed as aboA'e.
This Avas handed in for insertion last
week, but Avas inadvertently omitted.
Mr. LoAvrey is an experienced shipper,
and we think his directions may be re
What to Plant.
We recur to this subject to make some
suggestions which AA'e consider impor-
nt. It is certainly very desirable
that Ave should produce as far as possible
AArhat Ave consume of articles in this state.
It seems bad policy, for instance, to sell
products to obtain money to buy another
Avhich a little labor would have produc
ed. We are many of us paying cash for
flour, when Ave could just as well raise
the Avheat to make into flour, and have
the bran for use. We recommend every
farmer in this state to soav enough wheat
to bread his family and produce enough
seed for the same amount another year.
If eA ery farmer Avill do this, it will re
duce ' the average of corn to just that
amount, and thus tend to advance the
price of corn another year.
We advise the sowing of flax wherever
neAV land is availabe. It does admirably
for a first crop on breaking. Last sum
mer Ave knew of several cases Avhere the
yield Avas fifteen bushels per acre on
first breaking. It makes a very good
second crop, if the ground is plowed tAvo
or three inches deeper than the break
ing. But flax Avill not follow flax under
any other circumstances. Flax seed is
sure to continue high for seA-eral vears
to come. We think there is little doubt
that it Avill sell at harvest next fall at
$1.00 per bushel or upward. It is a
great thing to sow flax on Avet ground,
or immediately before or after a good
rain. SoAving at this time increases the
stool and therefore yield immensely.
We have gained this knoAvledge by ex
pei ience. Three pecks of seed per acre
is the minumium, but a bushel is often
soAvn. A good hand can sow it by hand,
but the Cahoon broadcaster is better.
It should be alloAved to Avell ripen be
fore cuttincr, and then stacked as soon
as dry enough. It should not be alloAv
ed to lay on the ground any longer than
As to corn, lessen the crop. We oAAe
this to the poor railroads. They are
fearfully overAvorked. In consequence
of having too much so do, they have
been compelled to keep up the rates so
as to check shipments; though of course
one of their motives has been to benefit
the farmer by compelling him to hold
his corn. The farmers of Nebraska
OAve a great deal to a beneficient gooc
fortune, but Ave fear they do not really
appreciate the heighth and depth ant
breadth of their obligations to Pro
vidence for giving them G. W.IIoldredge
and the B. & M. Railroad. However
this may be Ave advise that the acreage
of corn be curtailed by sowing grass
seed, as Ave named in a former article
The consumption of corn is increas
ing. As knowledge of its food proper
ties extend into foreign countries its
use as food Avill be greatly extended.
Jamieson Bros., of Stella, Richardson
Co., Neb., arc making 250 bushels of
corn meal a day. This is shipped to
Boston, and Ave are informed much of it
Improved breeds of stock were never
cheaper than noAv, while the money to
buy them was never harder to get. But
still they should be obtained. It costs
more to keep and raise scrub stock than
it does the improved breeds, and does
not pay near as Avell.
Palestine Alliance No. 826.
The above Alliance has sent us some
ringing resolutions Avhich Ave are unable
to print noAv. They condemn Gov.
Thayer for former apathy on the rate
question ; denounce the proposal for a
reduction on corn alone as inadequate ;
condemn the Board of Transportation
for not making a schedule of rates as
Ioav as the IoAva schedule, and declare
that as justice cannot be obtained from
the present administration that they
Avill appeal to the ballot box for relief
in November. We are compelled to lay
these and a large amount of other mat
ter over for the present.
The K. of L. and the Alliance.
The Nebraska State Assembly of
of L. held at Lincoln, Feb. 24 to
adopted the folloAving resolution:
T 1 rni .
nesoiA-eu, .inat Ave Heartily approve
the action of our general officers in
making the federation Avith the Farmers'
Alliance on the subjects of land, trans
portation and money ; and that Ave de
mand of all candidates for legislate or
congressional positions that they pledge
their support to the principles adopted
by said confederation, and that their
personal character ami former records
be a guarantee that they fulfill their
pledges before Ave will give them our
Thanks to Bro. Dorland.
Bro. Dorland has sent us about one
hundred and forty subscribers. Of
course Ave extend him our special
thanks. He is an indefatigable Avork
er. isut mere siiouid be just sucn a
Avorker in every precinct in the stale.
There arc some, but not many. To all
of them we are extremely grateful.
Bro. Orcutt and Bro. Moss are good
ones We intend and expect to send
The Alliance to 50,000 Nebraska
tanners. Every member in the state
ought to take it.
Letter From Bro. Cowden, of Thayer Co.
We find under a-mass of correspon
dence an interesting letter from Bro.
Norman Cowden, of Chester, Avhich avo
are compelled to lay aside for the pres
ent, much to our regret. Bro. CoAvden
giA'es a very encouraging account 01
Alliance matters in his vicinity just
such an account as we are receiving
from all parts of the state. We hope to
publish this letter next week, and hope
to hear from Bro. CoAvden again.
What Enemy Will They Kill?
From the Farmers Voice.
The adiulant-General of the United
States Army sent out a short time ago
a confidential circular to the military
authorities of the state asking for infor
mation as to the efficiency of the militia;
what time Avould be required to get
troops at a certain point ready for nine
months' service, and for what length of
time the President could call upon the
militia to serve.
An official at headquarters said yes
terday as to the length of time required
to put the Illinois National Guard in
the city of Chicago that In two bourn
every man in the State could be notified
and every regimeui uu ai us armory
ready to move.
"With Chicago aauie objective point,"
said this official, 4 '00 per cent of the nu n
could be there placed in mx hours' time
eadv for service, if we lopend on our
regular train service. lh rest would
urive there in about tAveiuj-ioiu mmrs.
and, if special trains are supplied, halt
a day would see the entire lorco quar
tered on the lake shore." Chicago Tri
bune, Feb. 24. 1800.
The Farmers' Voice has on many oc
casions declared that the banded mono
polists Avere Availing their chance to eii
garchize this republic, and to plai t it
under the absolute rule ol a psuioerawc
aristocracy, backed by a large and well
paid military establishment.
We do nere oy re-amrm our nnn oe.ei
that this dark and treasonable scheme
is being pushed to-day with greater
vigor than ever before, and for proof;
Ave point to tue foregoing extract item
the Chicago Tribune.
To this isolated item of news, however..
there should also be harnessed the lar
ther fact that the National Congress i
noAv deliberating on a bill that Avill un
doubtedly pass, Avhich gives in tin fust
place a yearly subsidy of one million,
dollars to the National Guard, which l
the by can bo increased to a hundred,
millions a year at the drop of the hat A
but one million dollars annually will u.f
as an entering Avedgo, for it is not ad
visable to scare the people by too largo
an appropriation at first.
' Furthermore, General Hendersons
bill provides (you see it was quite be
fitting that a military man should far
ther such a law) that the Governor of
each state can upon request got such
number of regular army officers as la
may deem necessary to have Ijinz
around Ioosg in order to be available U-.
case of sudden emergencies.
It also provides that officers and so.
diers from each militia regiment shall
be detailed each year for a months
course of instruction on the plahis'or
other convenient places, where they will
be bunched together as a small army
under regular army officers, all hand's
to be for the time being not only undo
nationational direction, but also umu i
government pay and draw United Stair
rations. And still farther it is provided that ir.
the yearly encampments ami drill ot
each militia regiment, that a coin pans
or so of regular soldiers shall camp aloi,;j
sidc of them so as to give them an ex
ample of superior elhciency and dise':
plinc and also to accustom the regular
and militia to Avorking together iu
The exceedingly well-posted miSit t
Colonol from whom avo obtain the fun
going fact, stated Avith great gusto and
exultation, that in three day' time at
this present Avriting one hundred il.o ;
sand millitia and twenty-live thousand
regular soldiers could be put on war
footing ami be ready for action.
Let us recapitulate a little so as to get
a fair view of the entire layout.
ThegoA ernmeut pays the militia .gie
its regular officers to the militia, and
drills the militia one month iu the 'vent
Is not this, in effect, increasing 1 1
regular army oy luu.uuu men? it cer
tainly would 'look so to a man up a in 1
With 125,000 soldiers already drilled
disciplined and ready for duty. hw
long would it take toraise anofficor
375,000 more men. so as to make a stand
ing army of a half million of men? Not
A ery long you may be sure.
Friend farmer, friend Kutght of Lt
bor, friend Granger, friend everybody
Avho lives by honest toil, and lovis a
government of the people, by t ho pro
pie and for the people, Avhat think t
of this thing?
Do you imagine that this bill of ti-o
mailed hand, this bill to put th' iron
clad man of feudal days again n ho,r
back to again charge down among ti -naked
hinds and serfs, all came al t
Avithout specific intent
Nonsense. The fine Italian hand
the plutocrat is visible in every lir.o :
Where is the enemy to lie shotr
In Mexico? Not much, for the liv.a.
ciers of the Avorld are busily engaged
sucking that nation's commercial ?
blood. and will decline to be intornM ;
in their pleasant and profitable ami
Then ' probably some trans-at la'.iti.
government is getting blue mould on i
back for Avant of a fight Avith the ?: a:
Republic of the Avest. Well, i.i:v..
The strong hand of the nl'!" d ai 1
outraged Avorkingman is elutchintr "t
throat of Absolutism in every Nation
There is not a single Autocratic tn
this side of the llellspont thai 1
trembling under the surging ami gnai.
ing of the Avorld's uneasy millions.
The Kings and Emperors hae g. :
their hands as full a they want thou,
just at present, aud the common nor
ing people never fight each other, i:nh
sicketf ca by their cowardly and tru!..
So friends! Avhere is the one:u 1
our regular army to shoot?
11 win p:iv cm i'i v iui uu-i " ' -
man in tins republic to take a ua
and try and answer this query,
truly and Avisely.
Golden Words that Anneal to Souls.
From the Kawcah Commonwealth-
Will you consider for a moment l.at
are the moral principles now inot -.is
vogue? Be honest it pays. Bo if
spectable, aud you w til be promoted
Be pious, and you will gnnv rich.
pose avo taught our children to be hon
t hee.-viise to be dishonest is fooINh
and dastardly. Suppose avo taught them
4 imlnfiruiiK not. beeause thev will
w l.iO lu.nanso flli'A AVlII llu .IP'l
hprnnw rrood. Suppose wo taught thorn
not to always try to excel and pa-s otpi
their felloAVS, but to help and sorvi
them. Suppose avo taught them to grt
the best they can out of themsrlte?. in
stead of the most they can out 01 moi
fellows. Suppose avo taugld thorn nrvor
to Injure nor take advantage of a follow
creature; never to oe oruei 01 umunn
ful to man or boast; to succor and not
tn nvtich f he Aveak: to do service to their
tellows, all the service of which they ai o .
capable. The most capable eing I
Avarded by doing more, and not by rc t
tinf more. Honor being alway s held u
a Avorthy reAvard, and money as a base
and paltry thing. Suppose we taught
these children some such faith as th'.s.
Don't you think a state of society found
ed upon honor and justice would soon
become more possible? Don t you tkmk
the "forces and the splendid ambition
and aspirations that civilize mankind'
Avould then have better play? 1 think
then we should begin to understand of
irliot nrtl.ln fliinrra rnt" !" hll Ml ! M i t r I w
. A. lift. ..WKr.v llllll Vl. I'i'wi ...... 9J
capable. Why, my friends, just look at
religion, the politics, the literature, tin
commerce, the culture and the common
wealth of our people, and see hor un
utterably stupid and how unutterably
base it is.
We call attention to the advertise
ment of Fred Schmidt, dealer in drv
goods and groceries. He keeps a gooil
supply for farmers and sells cheap.
When ansAvering advertisements
Avays mention The Allianck.
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