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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 22, 1890)
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY UORWKG.
muncE pnousBins co.
BOH ANNAN BLOCK,
Lincoln, - - - Nebraska.
J. BURROWS : : : Editor.
J. M. THOMPSON, Business Manager.
, What to Plant.
The sowing of wheat is going rapidly
forward, and all farmers are consider
ing the problem ot what crops will pay
best. We ! remember no year since we
have been in Nebraska when plowing
was begun so early as the present sea
son. The above problem is an im
portant one, and upon its proper sola
tion will hinge the prosperity of many
a farmer. Corn is certainly the poor
man's crop. Its varied uses, the fact
that it is mainly made during the grow
ing season of other crops when little
else could be done, the ease with which
it can be stored and preserved make it
pre-eminently a desirable crop to raise
for consumption. But at the prices which
have prevailed for the past five years
there has been no profit in raising it for
shipping purposes in its raw state. As
a matter of fact this is . never good pol
icy when it can be avoided. But only
comparatively few of us have been able
to convert our corn into the various
products into which it can be trans
muted, and have therefore been com
pelled to put it on the market for what
it would bring. This condition of af
fairs is likely to continue with a great
many of us. But it is desirable that
less land should be planted to corn, es
pecially if it can be done at a saving of
labor and an increase of stock-production.
It is likely, on account of a worm
which has attacked the corn root, that
this desirability will be changed to a
necessity, as where this worm has
gained a foothold it has been found
that only a rotation will destroy it, and
that corn cannot be followed with corn.
The remedy that we propose is more
pastures and better pastures. We have
found clover and timothy the most
profitable crops in Gage county. We
have found these crops assure, as easily
raised, and giving quite as large yields
per acre, as in eastern central Iowa,
one hundred miles north of this latitude.
That this will prove true in this state in
any part east of the one hundredth me
ridian we have no doubt whatever.
Now the great vUue of corn is that it
can be converted into cattle, horses,
mules, hogs, milk, bufter, chee&e, etc.
But this conversion involves a great
amount of labor in addition to raising
corn. When once seeded down to
crasses the, fertilitv of thn soil nnn hp.
K;onvertcd into all these commodities
with very little labor.. An acre of well
seeded fertile land will make in the east--ern
part of Nebraska two hundred and
J s. 1
-and the same proportion of the other
products named. The easiest, pleas
antest and most remunerative work a
farmer can do on a rainy afternoon is
to sit on the" porch and smoke his pipe,
and watch the pigs and colts and steers
eat grass. After the dinner dishes are
cleared away his wife can share this la
bor with him, all but the pipe, without
to any great extent impairing her vital
There is no doubt that .more money per
acre can be taken from land by this
method than by any other. But in ad
dition to this ' prime consideration the
land is gaming a needed rest, in fact is
actually recuperating its fertility.
Clover is a biennial plant, lhat is, it
dies at the end of two years. Clover
pastures and meadows are maintained
by the annual reseeding by the portion
of the eropthat ripens seed. The cloyer
roots peno trate. to a great deith. We
have followed them down six feet. It
often attains the size of a man's thumb
at its crown. -The weight of the roots
of a large crop of clover is said to be
over 15 tons per acre. This immense
mass of roots is grown every two years,
penetrates the soil, loosens and opens
it mechanically, "and carries into it
from the atmosphere a large amount of
nitrogen, and thus stores fertility for
future use; which to the careful farmer
is as good as money in the bank.
We hav e said "more and better pas
tures." Nothing in farming is much
more unsatisfactory in its results than
poor pastures. ,. Fertility being equal,
poor pastures are caused by two things,
both wrong bad' seeding and over
stocking. Over-stocking is fearfully
wasteful, first, the stock does not
thrive; second, the pastures are de
stroyed for future years. Pastures
should be so seeded and stocked that
the grass should be always fet lock
high or higher. -
If interest should be felt in this sub
ject we may recur to it. A practical
experience of , over twenty years of
stock-farming has taught us something
Figures Never Lie -That is. Hardly Ever,
At the last County Alliance meeting
of Nance county Bro. E. B. Spackman
exhibited a freight bill for a car-load of
barb wire sent from Des Moines, Iowa,
to iullerton, via Council Bluffs. The
charge from Des Moines to Council
Bluffs, 165 miles, was $24.48, while the
charge from Council Bluffs to Fuller-
ton, 125 miles, the charges were $76 16
These figures tell the story. The Ne
braska charge is four times a$ high per
ton per mile as the Iowa charge. Anc
ret Mr. Garber admits, in his reply in
behalf of the board to Mr. Horn, that
the board of transportation has ful
power to fix local rates. Of course the
boaid knows of this outrageous differ
enee between Iowa and Nebraska rates
but, instead of applying the remedy.
jsome ot its mcmoers make "a tool s er
rand" to Chicago to try and get a tem
porary reduction on one rate.
Mr. Garber don't give our Hamilton
county brothers any new tip when he
tells them the board has no power to
fix a through rate. They simply ask
the board to f mend the matter ."where
they have the power to do so." This
car of barb wire was billed to Council
Bluffs, and then billed to Fullerton.
The three mile haul from the Bluffs to
Omaha make it interstate business.
But it is evidently charged for in Ne
braska at the local rate. Omaha peo
ple will do well to remember that as
long as an extravagantly high local
rate can be charged in Nebraska the
Iowa roads' will never change their
terminus from the Iowa side.
The Nance County Alliance proposes
to go to the next legislature for a rem
edy, and that's right. -
Meeting of the Saunders Co. Alliance.
The Saunders County Alliance held
its regular quarterly meeting at Ithaca,
Saturday, Feb. 15. The business ses
sion was held during the day, and a
public meeting in the evening. There
are nineteen Alliances in Saunders
county with a membership of nearly
one thousand. There were sixty-two
delegates present at the meeting, and
we imagine from the crowd nearly all
the membership of the county. We
were present at the evening meeting.
This was immense, and the enthusiasm
unbounded. The large church at Itha
ca was packed to its utmost limit, every
inch of available standing room being
occupied. Extemporaneous addresses
were made by many members whose
names we carelessly neglected to ob
tain, much to our regret. Among them
was Hon. Wm. H. Dech. The addresses
were good evidence that there is no
lack of oratorical talent in the Saun
ders Alliances. An excellent choir dis
coursed sweet music, and there were
several excellent songs by persons not
belonging to the choir.
It will be strange indeed if the Alli
ances of Saunders county do not have a
potent influence upon the affairs of that
county and the state.
The Farmers' Meetings.
Gov. Thayer suggested the holding of
farmers' meetings to "express their de
mand for a corn rate." The suggestion
was approved by the Bee, Republican,
World-Herald, Lincoln Journal, and some
other papers. Some farmers' meetings
have been held, but they have not
panned out quite as Gov. Thayer ex
pected. Fulsome resolutions, endors
ing his supplications to the railroad em
ployes, have not been adopted to any
great extent. On the contrary .the res
olutions almost uniformly denounce the
governor and the state board for not
exercising their power in regard to lo
cal rates, and demand a reduction on
all rates, instead of on, the corn rate
alone. In addition to this the most of
them intimate that there may be de
cided changes in November. It isn't
wise to appeal to the people, governor,,
unless you are sure of your position.
We publish this week a petition in re
lation to money which explains itself.
This petition has been called for from
all parts of the state. We hope it will
now be immediately signed and for
warded to this office. We will consoli
date and place them in hands where
they will receive attention. Do not
confine signatures to members of the
Alliance, but obtain all names possible.
When Alliances authorize the secretary
to sign the names of the members, that
fact should be stated on the petition, or
appended to it. FIFTY THOUSAND
NEBRASKA FARMERS SHOULD
SIGN THIS PETITION.
The Call and R. R. Taxation.
Governor Thayer has a splendid opportuni
ty to do something for the people. He asked
ana demanded or the railroads a twenty per
cent reduction on freight rates and he did not
get it. Now let him as one of the state board
of assessment raise the assessment of the
railroads in Nebraska twenty per cent. Here
is a chance for him to do something that will
do the citizens and taxpayers some good, and
ho has the power to do It. Call.
We would ask the Call whether, with
the roads left free to fix freight rates.
is at present, an addition to their taxes
would lessen the burdens of the people
of Nebraska. Would not the roards
simply be made the agents for collect-
ng a larger proportion of the tax, and
the ultimate burden of all of it rest just
where it now rests?
The U. P. Railroad Petition.
We publish this week the form of a
petition to congress against the exten
sion of the U. P. debt. It is likely that
the bill for the extension of this debt
may soon be acted upon. It is there-
ore important that these petitions be
filled out and sent in at once. Cut out
this form and paste it on a sheet of
foolscap, and get it filled with names
ana forward to this office at
once, and we will place them where
they will do the most good.
If action on the bill is delayed we
may send out regular forms but DO
The temperance people are holding a
convention at Lincoln as we go to press.
ine aixenaance is large ana there is
much enthusiasm. Hon. A. P. Dickey
spoke on Wednesday evening, and John
P. St. John on Thursdav evenincr. The
convention is for the purpose of orga
nizing ior ine pronioition campaign
which is now opened.
The Press and the L. S. L.
It is amazing, the amount of virtuous
indignation expressed by the press at
the proposition to license the Louisana
Lottery in Dakota; and it is about
equally amazing to see that the papers
that are loudest in their denunciations
mostly havs a flaming L. S. L." adver
tisement in their columns.
EST:! he Farmers' Alliance is the
best advertising medium in the west.
For the free and unlimited coinange of sil ver, the defeat of the Windom bill, the defeat of the bill to issue
bonds as a basis for bank notes, and the continuance of government supervision of banking in the interest of
To the Honorable the Members of the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States in
Congress Assembled : , , ,
Your petitioners, members of the Farmers Alliance and cit izens of the State of Nebraska, respe5ully represent:
That the volume of money determines the general level of the prices of commodities.
That the constantly falling prices and continued depression of values, the growing indebtedness of the people,
and the cry of complaint from the great circle of producers prove that there is an insufficient volume of money.
That the demonetization of silver in England, France and Germany, and its partial demonetization in the
United States, has been a potent factor in producing the industrial depression and the stagnation of trade called
hard times, which now afflicts the country and the world. -
That the bill known as the Windom bill, now before your honorable body, would, if enacted into law, tend
still further to destroy the use of silver as money, would make it solely and only a commodity, and would entirely
stop its coinage, and therefore aggravate the present strained industrial situation. . -
J hat the restoration of silver to free and unlimited coinage, upon an-equality with gold, would measurably in
crease our volume of money, and largely contribute to remove the present commercial paralysis, and restore
prosperity to the country, as well as increase the value of silver, which is one of our considerable products.
That the proposition to create a bonded debt, drawing interest from the people, to afford a basis for banking,
is unstatesmanlike, opposed to the true interests of the people, and solely in the interest of a class.
We your petitioners therefore most humbly pray -that your honorable body will not pass the Windom bill or
any similar bill; that you will not issue or refund bonds to furnish a basis for the issue ot bank notes; but that
you will restore silver to free and unlimited coinage, on an equality with gold, as it existed from the foundation
of the government to 1873; and that you will supplement this money with United States legal tender notes until
the volume of currency shall reach 550 per capita of the population; and that you will, as soon as possible, dis
continue the issue of any other kind of money whatever.
Also that you will in your wisdom provide for the continuance of banks under the supervision of the United
States for the safety of depositors. .
, Cost of Railroad Construction.
The agitation about rates has made
the question of the cost of roads a mat
ter of much interest. - In reply to a re
quest for information we have received
the following letter from Gen. Leese,
inclosing an estimate published here
with:; Lincoln, Neb., Feb. 17, 1890.
Hon. J. Burrows, Lincoln, Neb.
Dear Sir: The cost of railroads in
this state, as given by the various com
panies, is very unreliable, vague and
incomplete, and would be a very unsafe
computation to rely upon. I inclose
you the figures prepared by one of our
secretaries, showing what the actual
cost of construction is per mile, basing
the whole computation on the purchases
of the Uuion Pacific Ry. Co. This is a
fajr basis, and what the present actual
cost per mile of road amounts to.
The most of the roads in this state
are purchased for cash received from
bonds, and do not cost the company
anything except yearly interest on such
bonds. Then the stock is issued, and
when added to the amount of bonds is
sued show the cost of road in their re
ports. Yours &c,
Cost of one mile of railroad:
05 tons of eteel rails, 60 lbs. to the
yard at 930 ier ton S 2.850.00
2,500 oak ties at 65c each 1,625.00
12,800 lbs. angle bar Joints, at 2lic. 320.00
1.400 lbs. bolts for ansrle bars 75.00
2,500 lbs. spikes at 2o each 63.00
12,000 yards grading at 15c a yard.. 1,800.00
24 acres of right of way at $50 per
1 mile of engineering at $200 .... 200.00
1 mile of track laying at $200 200.00
1,250 rods of fencing at 50c per rod 640.00
1 raile of bridging at $1,000 1,000.00
Cattle guards 100.00
Station houses 100.00
Round houses, machine shops, wa
ter tanks and wind mills.: 300.00
Depot grounds, per mile 100.00
Sidings and switch tracks per mile 1,025.00
Grounds for terminal facilities per
Equipment, including all rolling
stock, per mile.. 3,000.00
Depot buildings.. 250.00
btock yards 40.00
Coal sheds and machinery for same 100.00
Total cost for one mile of road . . . . $ 15,988.00
Practical men will not' fail to see that
there are seyeral points in the above
where the cost must be excessive for
the average road in Nebraska. Station
houses is put down at $100; depot build
ings at $250; depot grounds at $100;
grounds for terminal facilities at $1,000;
and siding and switch tracks at $1,025
per mile, making for depot and termi
nal facilities for 100 miles of road $247,
700. As stations may be averaged at
about ten miles apart, this would seem
large for ten stations.
A paper published in St. Paul, Minn.,
has been compiling the actual figures
of the cost of some northern roads. It
gives the reported cost of four roads
built by corporations on the stock-bond
scheme principle, as follows:
Green Bay, Winona & St. Paul per
Minn., St. Croix & Wisconsin, per
Prairie du Chien & McGregor, per
Wisconsin Central, per mile 61,563.76
It now gives four roads built under
the supervision of local managers as
Chicago, Fairchild & Eau Claire, per
St. Cloud, Grantsburor & Ashland.
Wisconsin, Pittsville & Superior, per
To thefee astonishing figures of cost
Ser mile add the Wisconsin &
lichigan, cost per mile 15,000.00
This road is built through a country
of extraordinary difficulties, rocky,
timbered, crossed by chasms, re
moved from human habitation, and
mountainous on the Superior section,
while the estimate taken from the re
cords of the U. P. are in a beautiful
prairie country where tne cost ot con
struction is at its minimum.
But however the cost may be figured,
it will be seen that the construction ex
pense is borne by taxation. The roads
are built with the proceeds of the sale
of bonds; stocks are then issued, and
the two combined constitute the capital
upon which the road must earn divi
dends. So that the ' railroads have in
most cases become possessed of these
immense properties with no investment
of their own capital except a trifle for
preliminary expenses. The roads of
this state are capitalized at from $35,000
to $105,000 per mile. We hope the peo
ple will begin to realize what an out
rage this all is, and make up their
minds that the g overnment must own
Bro. Binfield and the Single Tax.
In response to our request for ex
tracts from Henry George's book advo
cating any other than the single tax on
land values Bro. Binfield fires a news
paper cupping at us, with no informa
tion as to what paper it was clipped
from or who wrote it. This is an "ex
tract," surely, but not such a one as we
alluded to. .
If Bro. Binfield will study the ques
tion as to who pay the taxes, and where
a single tax upon land values will ul
timately rest, he may gain some light
which will induce him to abandon the
advocacy of the single tax as a relief
from the burdens of the farmers.
Terrible Accident From Barb-Wire.
Our brother Wm. Denne, of Olney
Alliance, near Filley, met with a terri
ble accident last Saturday. At a B. &
M. crossing, just east of Filley, his
horses took fright. The road at that
point passes near the edge of a ravine,
and the road is very narrow, not more
than one rod wide, with a wire fence
on one side. At this point Bro. Denne
was thrown from his wagon and upon
the wire fence. He was fearfully cut
on the side of his neckband cheek, the
cut reaching within one-sixteenth of an
inch of the jugular vein. He is lying in
a critical condition, but will recover
unless blood poisoning or some un
toward accident intervenes.
Gov. Larrabee's Message.
The late agitation as to rates in this
state, and the outcome of the appeal to
the roads to reduce the corn rate, have
probably done more than anything else
possibly could to convince our people
that a schedule no higher than that . of
Iowa should be made legal here. Ali
information as to their success in Iowa
is valuable. We therefore give that
portion of Gov. Larrabee's message re
lating to the transportation question in
full. He says:
The last general assembly enacted a
law. to regulate the business of railroad
corporations and other common earners
in the state. The fact that the act
passed both houses without a dissenting
voice proved that great care and intelli
gence had been exercised in framing it.
Experience has since demonstrated the
wisdom and justice of the measure. The
companies made strenuous efforts to de
feat the enactment and afterward the
enforcement of the law. Failing in the
attempt, they advanced local freight
rates, immediately after the adjourn
ment of the general assembry, from 20
to 30 per cent.
1 he commissioners proceeded under
the law to prepare a schedule of rates for
the roads. They endeavored to give, as
far as was possible, relief to the business
interests of the state, which had been
greatly depressed by unjust rates, and
at the same time to grant the carrier a
reasonable compensation for the service
rendered. The rates fixed by the com
mittee were not as low as the lowest,
nor as high as the highest, which had
been charged by the railroads, but were,
as near as could be ascrtamed, a fair
and just average of the rates upon which
business had been actually done. The
commissioners, with due regard for all
interests, had but one object in view
the general prosperity of the state.
When the rates were under considera
oion the representatives of the railroad
companies conferred freely with the
commissioners and brought every influ
ence to bear upon them, to secure a tar
iff agreeable to their wishes. Upon the
completion of the schedule the commis
sioners caused it to be published, as re
quired by law, and hxed June 28, 1888,
as the day on which it was to take effect.
They also expressed themselves ready
to modify any rate whenever it should
be demonstrated that it was cither too
high or too low.
After having secured from the com
missioners such moditications of the
schedule as they could.the railroad man
agers proceeded to enjoin them in the
federal court from enforcing it. The
attorney general then commenced a
large number of penalty, suits in the
state courts against various companies
to compel compliance with the law.
Soon after, upon the application of a
number of shippers, the commissioners
modified the original schedule by the
adoption of the western classification.
The railroad managers now again ap
plied to the federal courts for an injunc
tion, but were refused; whereupon they
adopted the commissioner's tariff, and
I directed the attorney general to dis:
continue the prosecution of the penalty
suits. The railroads showed their re
sentment,however, by discharging large
numbers of employes, and greatly reduc
ing the service. It is generally ad
mitted that our present local freight tar
iffs are at present more equitable than
any previously enforced in the state ;and
it aff ords me great pleasure to say there
is at present little friction between the
railroad companies and the people.
The number of miles in operation on
the 30th day of June, 1889, was 8,346, of
which 21 miles were built from July 1,
1888, to June 30th, 1889. The number
of miles built from July 1. 1889, to Jan.
1, 1890 was 90. The total number of
miles now in operation is therefore 8,430.
Several lines have recently been project
ed which will probably be built in the
near future. The gross earnings for the
year ending June 30, 1889, Avere $37,469,
276.26, being an increase of $193,689.58
over the preceding year, notwithstand
ing the .losses occasioned by the reduc
tion of train service. The operating ex
penses during the year were $25,b07.-
966.17, which is $689,197.75 less than the
preceding year, but exceeds the expen
ditures lor the year ending June 30, 1887,
The net earnings of the roads, after
the payment of the operating and other
expenses, including taxes, was $11,801,
oiu.uu, an increase of $862,887.19 over
the preceding year. It will be noticed
that, while the taxes are but little more
than 2 J per cent of the assessed value of
the property, the net income is over 27
per cent of that valuation. The total
assessment of the railroad property in
the state is $43,271,008, on which the
various taxes paid amount to $1,108,831.-
72. The statistics which the railway
companies furnish concerning the busi-
ness done by them are vague, incom-
plete and unreliable. But, although
they present the business and earnings
of the companies in a most unfavorable
light, they show conclusively that the
criticisms of our policy so frequently in
dulged in by railroad journals is , due
either to an inexcusable ignorance of
facts or a wanton disregard of truth.
It must be evident to the impartial
observer that the legislation of the
twenty-second general assembly has had
most gratifying results. The law mak
ing the office of railroad commissioner
elective has not detracted from the effi
ciency of the board. The voters fully
realizing the importance of the office,
have manifested great freedom from
party ties in the election of commission
ers. The duties of commissioners dur
ing the last two years, have been much
more arduous than usual, and their re
sponsibility correspondingly great.
They have performed their work with
fidelity and unusual discernment, show
ing a due regard for the interests of all
As to the practical results of prohibi
tion, Gov. Larrabee says:
It is a well recognized fact that crime is
on the increase in the United .States,
but Iowa does not contribute to that in
crease. While the number of convicts
in the country at large rose from one
in every 3,442 of population in 1850 to
one in every 860 in 1880, the ratio in
Iowa is at present only one to every 3,
130. The jails of many counties are
now empty during a good portion of
the year, and the number of convicts in
our penitentiaries have been reduced
from 750 in March, 1886, to 104, July 1,
1889. It is the testimony of the judges
of our courts that criminal business has
been reduced from 30 to 75 per cent, and
that criminal expenses have diminished
in like proportion, lhere is a remarkable
decrease in the business and fees of
sheriffs and criminal lawyers, as well as
the number of requisitions and extradi
tion warrants issued. We have less pau
pers and less tramps in the state in pro
portion to our population than ever be
fore. Breweries have been converted
5nf n rwntmonl tnilla ;inrl nnnninrr fontnrioa
and are operated as such by their own
ers. The report of the superintendent
of public instruction shows an increased
school attendance throughout the state.
The poorer classes have better fare, bet
ter clothing, better schooling and better
houses. The deposits in banks show an
unprecedented increase, and there are
every wnere indications or- a nealthy
growth in ligitimate trade. Merchants
and commercial travelers report less
losses in collections in Iowa than else
where. I think the law should be amended so
as to prevent undue searches of private
houses, and malicious prosecution; but
no compromise should be made with
the saloon. Liquor men favor high li
cense to prohibition, low license against
high license and no Jicense against low
license. They know no party in politics
save that which does their bidding.
The law has been more successful and
by far more beneficial than its most hope
ful friends anticipated. Its enemies
have endeavored to create the impres
sion beyond our border that it has been
a failure, but the cry of failure may be
heard in every great contest. It is the
watchword of every straggler. During
the war of the rebellion, within a few
months of the final downfall of the con
federacj', it was declared by a great po
litical party in its national convention
that the war was a failure; but
that cry did not dismav the le
gions of the boys in blue, who, battling
lor the right,stood firm until the victory
was won; and as the millions of happy
people now bless those sturdy defenders
of the union, so will in days to come,
when the( saloon is entirely banished
from our' fair state, every hearthstone
invoke blessings upon those who now
remain tine to their convictions of right
and the obligations of their trust.
Gov. Larrabee also recommends that
railroad officials be prohibited from
dealing in agricultural products. This
prohibition ' should be extended to all
kinds of products. But would not the
railroads indignantly deny that they
were dealing in products or interested
in prices? The fact that this kind of
business is kept secret is a .sufficient
proof that they appreciate its illegitima
cy. Gov. Larrabee undoubtedly knows
the facts in this matter, and his recom
mendation should have great weight.
The Governor also opposes trusts and
recommends the adoption of the Aus
tralian ballot sj'stem.
The Book of the Acts of the Hayseeds.
And it came to pass when Grover de-
arted from the White House, that
ienjamin reigned in his stead.
And Benjamin spoke to all the peo
ple in his message and said, Behold,
your taxes shall be kept very high so
that you shall be prosperous and happy.
And the Lord blessed . the farmers
with bountiful crops; yet they pros
For their substance was devoured by
the tax-gatherers, and by those who
loaned money at usury, and by such as
collected tolls on the iron highways.
Then: there arose a great murmuring
among the people. And they said, How
long snail we suffer these things? Have
we not been robbed, lo! these many
years? Can a man raise twelve cent
corn and pay three per cent a month?
And the tillers of the soil said one to
another. Go to I' let us bind ourselves
together in a great
Alliance. And it
was so. '
And many scoffed and said, It will
come to naught. Can the farmers stick
together? And they laughed. Selah.
But this Alliance crrew and waxed
mightily, insomuch that it seemed likely
to nil the whole land.
And when those who dwelt in the
cities heard of this thing they were as
tonished, and marvelled greatly that
such a thing should be.
Ana they said one to anather, uo tne
farmers mean business? But they an
swered, We can not tell.
And all such as had aforetime cheated
and robbed and ridiculed the hayseeds
now hastened to proclaim that they were
friends of the farmers.
And it came to pass, when the scribes
and all such as publish newspapers
heard of this thing they were filled with
And they took scrolls and wrote
many words concerning the interests of
the farmers and the reduction of
And straightway they began to quar
rel loudly among themselves. For one
said, Am I not the only original farm
ers' friend? And another said, Be
hold, I have always loved the farmers.
And some said one thing and some an
other. But they all said with one united
voice: Agriculture is the basis of all
prosperity. Great is the farmer!
And the farmers read these words
and smiled. Selah. -
And it came to pass that the politi
cians heard of this thing. Now they
were cunning above all the men in the
And John M. whose surname was
Thayer was Tetrarch in the Land of
And it came to pass as he rode to and
fro in the land, (on a free pass) that his
eyes fell on a great quantity of corn ly
ing in heaps on the ground.
And he said to those about him.
Wherefore is this? And they told him
the price of corn and why it was so.
And they also told him abont the Al
liance. , And when he had returned to his
palace, in the silence of the night there
came to him a still small voice saying:
Stand from under, Governor Thayer,
something 's gwine to drap.
And when he had arisen early the
next morning, he took a scroll and
wrote thereon. And these were the
words of the writing:
Harken to me! O! Ye Railroad Kings!
and give ear! You had ought to reduce
the rates on corn two or three cents
per hundred. Justice demands it, and
if you don't do something you may hear
thunder along the sky.
But he privily called a scribe and
said, See thou publish this through the
length and breadth of the land, so that
the farmers may know I am a high and
mighty friend of theirs.
And when the farmers 'had read this
they smiled audibly. Selah.
And there was in the Land ot the
Platte a Board of Transportation which
had done nothing of any importance
for several years save to draw their sal
aries with regularity and ride about on
And nigh about this time the mem
bers of this board heard a loud voice as
of a rushing mighty railroad engine.
And it came from the four corners of
the earth, the north and the south, the
east and the west.
And they wist not what it was till
there came a voice out of the roaring
Stand from under! O! Worthless
Board of Transportation! Something's
gwine to drap!
Then they said hastily one to another.
Let us hustle, lest a worse thing come
upon us. And they passed a strong
resolution advising and demanding that
the railroad companies should grant
the farmers relief.
And some of the members got them
selves up early in the morning and rode
away to Chicago Jon free passes) to
plead for the suffering farmers. And
they took good care that all these things
should be published in the newspapers.
But the Railroad Kings heeded not to
any alarming extent; but when they
had lowered the rate on corn about one
cent a bushel, they went about their
And when the farmers knew this they
smiled a bitter smile and said one to
another, Behold, the day cometh when
we shall have our innings at this
And all such as bought and sold made
haste to offer their wares at reduced
prices, and each besought the farmers
to buy of him.
But such as loaned money at usury
harkened not to the demands for relief,
but hardened their hearts, : for they
were very powerful. " ;
But the Alliance grew and increased
more and more. And the farmers met
often in secret, and communed one
with another concerning these things.
And they encouraged one another
saying, Let us be strong; let us stand
fast by each other, and justice may yet
And hope sprang up in their hearts
and a spirit of enthusiasm filled them.
And as for the rest of the acts of the
Alliance, behold, they are not yet
acted, and no prophet hath arisen Avho
can foretell them.
S. E. Thornton, KearnejvNeb.
Ingersoll on Combination.
"Capital has alway claimed, ami still
claims the right to combine. Manufac
turers meet and determine prices, even
in spite of the great law of supply and
demand. Have laborers the same right
to consult and combine? The rich meet
in the bank, club-house or parlor.
Workingmen, when they combine, gath
in the street. All the organized forces
of socity are against them. Capital has
the army and navy, the legislature, the
judicial and executive departments.
When the rich combine it's for the pur
pose of "exchanging ideas." When the
poor combine "it's a. conspiracy." If
they act in concert, if .they really do
something, it is a "mob." If they de
fend themselves it is "treason." How is
it that the rich control the departments
of Government'. In 'this country the
political power is equally divided
among men. There are certainly more
poor than rich. Why should the rich
control? Why should not the laborer
combine for the purpose of controlling
the executive, the legislative and judi
cial departments? Will they ever find
how powerful they are? A cry comes
from the oppressed, the hungry, from
the down-troddcn,from the unfortunate,
from the depressed, from men who des
pair and wome who weep. These are
the times when mendicants become re
volutionistswhen a rag becemes a ban
ner, under which the noblest and bravest
battle for right."
Exposition Dining Hall.
Odell's Dining Hall is re-opened un
der above name. Our friends will find
it an excellent place to get meals. 1121
We invite attention to Brol W. F.
Wright's advertisement. Bro. Wright
has an excellent reputation where he is
Endorsing Senator Vest.
Nysted Alliance No. 548, Feb. 8, '90.
Resolved, That wo heartily endorse
the action taken by Senator Vest in re
gard to Phil Armour and the steamship
companies, and respectfully ask the
State Alliance to do the same.
A. C. Nielsox, Secy.
From tne State Laborer, Lincoln.
The Short Haul and Personal Abuse.
The Journal of Friday, while com
menting upon a dispatch sent to the
Senate by the officers of the State Alli
ance protesting against the repeal of
the long and short haul clause of the
interstate law, goes out of its way
to abuse Mr. Burrows, Chairman of the
Alliance Executive Committee. It say
he is a demagogue and professional agi
tator, and came to Nebraska from Iowa
to recuperate his wrecked political for
tunes. We have been at some pains to ascer
tain the facts, and can state that Mr.
Burrows went to Iowa in 18G5 from the
army, (m which he had served since
1861,) and engaged in farming. He re
mained there until the spring of 1880,
when he removed , to Nebraska. In
that time he was never a candidate for
either a nomination nor an office, ex
cept that he was kept in the position of
Justice of the Peace for several years.
He has as good an army record as any
man in this state, having been promoted
from the ranks for bravery and faithful
service on the field of battle, and hav
ing two commissions to show, one from
Hon. Edwin D. Morgan, and one from
Hon. Horatio Seymour, governors of the
state of New York. He has always
been since the war and is now a farm
er, managing a large farm in Gage
county in addition to managing his pa
per, The Farmers' Alliance, in this city.
Mr. B. was a republican on national
issues. He cast his first vote for John
C. Fremont; and voted for every re
publican president who has been elect
ed, opposing Grant for third term, and
As to his coming to Nebraska to "re
cuperate his wrecked political for
tunes," that must be a mistake, as the
above shows he had no political for
tunes, wrecked or otherwise, to recu
perate. His course certainly shows
that he had no personal political ambi
tions. If he had he would have re
mained in the majority party, where
bis brilliant military record and hi
ability would have insured his success.
On the contrary he joined a hojU'lesM
minority faction wha are lighting for
principle instead of plunder, and his
course from that day to this has showed
that he cared nothing for office but a
great deal for progress and reform.
The Journal says he is a demagogue
and agitator. It is fortunate tho Journal
can say nothing worse of him. It is
hardly likely that he cares to do any
thing to win the approbation of that pa
per, its condemnation being more flat
tering than its praise. Suppose he
should retort by saying that the Journal
and its brass-collared editor had stood
sponsors for every contemptible steal
that had ever been attempted on the
people of Nebraska; that the shrewdest
men of the community believe now
that it and its editor draw a monthly
stipend from the B. & M. railroad; that
he has been at once the mouth-piece
and the tool of as nasty a political ring
as ever disgraced a state; and lhat he
is now, as postmaster of Lincoln, en
joying a political reward foratcrm of po
litical vileness and triekery that would
find a more suitable ending in the peni
tentiary. Mr. Burrows might say this
and much more, and be believed by a
great many respectable people.
Tho great wealth of the Journal Co.
as a business corporation maintains it--
paper in existence. But if tho feeling
of contempt which the people of Ne
braska have for it could have due effect
it would be sunk so low that it could
never be resurrected.
Cardinal Manning Approves Emperor
William's Action in Calling a ISurope- i
an Conference on the Iabor
Cardinal Manning has written the fol
lowing letter to Richard Fleischer, edi
tor of the Deutsche lieono, by whom he
was asked to give his opinion of the em
peror's action in summoning a confer
ence of nations on the labor question:
Akchibshop's House, Westminster.
Feb. 10 Sir: You ask me what I think
of the invitation of the emperor of Ger
many to the Luropean powers to meet
in conference on the subject of labor.
I think this imperial net the wisest and
worthiest that nas proceeded from any
soverign of our time. The condition of
the wage earning people of every Euro
pean country is a grave danger to every
European state. The hours of labor,
the employment of women and children,
the scantiness of wages, the uncertain
ties of employment, the fierce competi
tion fostered by ino Jem political econo
my, the destruction of domestic life re
sulting from these and other kindred
causes have rendered it impossible for
men to live a human life.
"How can a man who works fifteen or
sixteen hours a day live the life of a fa
ther to his children?"
"How can a woman who is abs nt
from home all day long do the duties of
"Domestic life is impossible, but on
the domestic life of the people the whole
order of human society reposes. If the
foundation be ruined what will become
of tho superstructure? Emperor Wil
liam has therefore shown himself to !
a great and far-sighted statesman.
Believe mo always yours faithfully,
Henky E., Cardinal Mannimj.
Archbishop of Westminster.
Notes From Richardson County.
Verdon, Neb., Feb. 11, lbSH.
Editor Farmers' Alliance:
Permit me to say a few words through
The Alliance to my brothers in the
order.' Wo have no before breakfast
job on our hands. To succeed is going
to try all our tenacity. To fail h w orse
than to never have tried at all. "Ask
nothing but vwhat is reasonable. De
mand justice; ask nothing more. Jus
tice demands the foreclosure of the
mortgage on the U. P. B. H. by the gov
ernment. Uphold Attorney-General
Leese in his efforts in this direction.
Justice demands free coinage of silver
on equal terms with gold. Demand
our representatives and senators to use
their inline nee to this end or promptly
retire them. Justice demands many
other things. If this does not find it
way to the waste basket I may mention
them in a future article. Hoping the
utmost good may come from our organ
ization, I am Very truly yours.
Geo. VY atkin.
The York Co. Meeting.
We have another account of the
grand meeting at York, sent us by It.
it. Ityan. We omit it because w o pub
lished the same thing in substance last
Mr. Ryan says:
We have made arrangements to have
Capt. Trevelliek with us on Friday
evening the 21st, for speech in Alliance
work, -at ilarmony church, and on Sat
urday the 22nd at Arborville. Then on
Sunday we have two lectures in the in
terest of prohibition, and are making
arrangements to keep him for two or
three more days at other points near
by. We propose to have one hundred
members before spring work com
mences. Wo now have forty-three
and several applications in. Wishing
Hie alliance great prosperity. lam
tliQYours, U. K. Ryan.
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