The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892, February 01, 1890, Image 3

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    THE FAKM.URS' ALLIANCE: LINCOLN, NEB., SATURDAY, FEB. 1, 1890.
ALLIANCE DIRECTORY.
NATIONAL FARMERS' ALLIANCE.
President, H. L. Loucks, Dakota. ,
Vice-President, John H. Powers, Nebraska.
Secretary, August Post, Iowa.
Treasurer. J. J. Furlong, Minnesota.
Lecturer, N. B. Ashby, Iowa.
NEBRASKA STATE ALLIANCE.
President, John H. Powers, Cornell.
Vice President, Valentine Horn, Aurora.
Secretary-Treasurer, J. M. Thompson, Lincoln.
Lecturer, V. F. Wright, Johnson county.
Asst. lecturer, Logan McReynolds, Fairfield.
Chaplain, Ilex. J. S. Edwards, Wahoo.
Door Keeper, D. W. Barr, Clay county.
Asst. loor keeper, James Underhill, Syracuse.
Seargeant-at-arms, J. BillingBly, Shelton.
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.
J, Burrows, chairman; B. F. Allen, Wabash ;
J. W. Williams. Filley; Albert Dickerson,
Litchfield; Frank II. Young1, Custer.
Post Office at Lincoln, Neb., June 18, 1889.
I hereby certify that The Alliance, a week
ly newspaper published at this place, has been
determined by the Third Assistant Post Mas
ter General to be a publication entitled to
admission in the mails at the pound rate of
postage, and entry of It as such is accordingly
made upon the books of this office. Valid
while the character of the publication re
mains unchanged. Albert Watkins,
Postmaster.
THE VOICE OF THE PEOPLE
This department is conducted by the Secre
tary of the State Alliance to whom all com
munications in relation to Alliance work,
short articles upon various subjects of Inter
est to the Alliance etc., should be addressed.
Write plain and only on one side of the paper.
Sign what you choose to your articles but
send us your name always.!
TOR MONETARY REFORM.
' Palmyra, Neb., Jan. 23, 1890.
Editor Alliance : A sample copy
of the Farmers' Alliance duly re
ceived, dated January 18. In it I ob
served an article headed, "A Criticism
on J. W. Iiaskel." The purport of Said
article was on the usinjr of script for
municipal purposes. Now to clearly
illustrate the working of such a plan I
beg to quote from Stanley Jevons', M.
A. F. R. S., celebrated work, entitled:
"Money and the Mechanism of Ex
change," a case in point. The writer is
a decided inonometalist, and does not
favor paper money; therefore his testi
mony will, or ought to, have weight
with metallic currency men. But, recol
lect, I am not a believer in the barbaric
system of metallic coinage. It savors
too much of Israel's ancient error in
creating a golden calf. Now for Je
vons' illustration: "Daniel LeBroc,
the governor of the Island of Guernsey,
determined to build a market in St.
Peter's, but not having the necessary
funds lie issued, under the seal of the
Island, four thousand market notes
(local arreenbacks) for one pound each,
with which he paid the artilicers. When
the market was finished and the rents
came in, the notes (mark, Guernsey's
greenback) were thereby cancelled, and
not an ounce ot croiu was employed in
tfie whole matter. There is no mys
tery, however, in this advantage of
' paper money." One might write a vol
ume on the subject and not elucidate
the matter one whit easier than is done
in this short quotation; and I trust the
idea generated in your article anent
Smith's communication will . be thor
oughly ventilated. Your's for a mone
tary reform. John S. Maiben.
Farmers Shipping Their Own Products.
Clarks, Neb., Jan. 21, 1890.
Editor Alliance: I have shipped
from this point twenty cars of corn and
two of hay, and will load from one to
two cars a day for the next week. We
are getting from 1 to 2c more for corn
than we could get here. We had a
hard time at the start to get cars, but
can get them all right now.
One of the grain buyers said to a man,
"Who bought your corn?" The man
replied, "No one." "What are you do
ing with it?" "I am going to ship it."
Says the buyer, "The h 11 you are!
What right have you to ship? We have
the right to handle your corn, and I'll
I see if you get any more cars." This
man thinks he owns the state of Neb.
Thank God he don't live in Clarks; but
his elevator I think can be bought this
spring for a ware house. It looks as
empty now as my pocket book.
1 would like to say to the brothers of
the different Alliances to roll up their
sleeves and see how many names they
can get for their next meeting. I have
got thirteen for the last two meetings,
and think I am safe for five more for
next Saturday. Our Alliance is well
pleased with your paper, and will give
it their support. Yours truly,
S. B. Cochran, Alliance Agent.
ENTHUSIASM IX RICHARDSON CO.
Shubert, Neb., Jan. 25, 1890.
Editor Alliance: Probably a few
words" from this part of the state would
be in order. We are getting along well
considering the luck we had by our or
.ganizer being on the U. S. Grand Jury
iit Omaha for twenty-six days; but he is
in the field again. , We recieved a call
from Verdon February 7 to organize a
county Alliance. We have made appli
cation for a site on which to erect an
elevator. Old Richardson has been be
hind in the past, but she will not be in
the future. We have been waiting for
something to turn up, now we propose
to turn something up. Pull down the
statue of King George. "We worship
,no more at the shrine of Kings." Kindle
watchfires upon the hill tops, light up
the flames upon freedom's altars, illu
minate your dwellings from floor to
dome, hoist up the American flag and
let us swear the farmers will be no long
er slaves. Yours for universal emanci
pation, W. li. Wells, President No. 837.
NEMAHA COUNTY ALLIANCE.
Johnson, Neb., Jan. 27, 1890.
Editor Alliance : Nemaha County
Alliance was organized Saturday, Jan.
25, at Auburn, with J. M. Wright, Ne
maha City, Pres.; Wm. Clark, Talmage,
Vice Pres.; A. B. Taylor, Johnson, Sec;
Fred Parker, Johnson, Treas.; Wm.
Gordon, Johnson, Lecturer; J. II. Ell
more, Talmage, Chaplain. Executive
Committee John Ashley, Glenrock;
Geo. E. Dye, Nemaha City; Geo. Peter
son, Talmage,
The county organization moved off in
good shape, every delegate being pres
ent, besides a goodly number from the
subordinates. Next regular meeting
second Saturday in March.
W. F. Wright, Co. Organizer.
Wilson's Catalogue. We have re
ceived a very attractive illustrated
price list and catalogue of Seeds, Trees,
Shrubs, etc', from Samuel Wilson, Me
chanicsville, Pa. A glance at its pages
makes one desire to buy and test the
novelties in vegetables and plants with
which its pages are filled. See Mr.
Wilson's advertisement in another col
umn.
TOWNSHIP OFFICERS.
Under the existing laws of Nebraska
in
-townships, under township organization, are
xownsnip otncers ana supervisors elected at
the general election in the fall, or at township
meeting in the spring? J. W. Z.
. They are elected at the general elec
tion in the fall.
Q. Who is a wrecker, or one who
tears down values on the Produce Ex
change? A. The seller of futures. The short
seller. The gambler. The discounter
of future values.
GENERAL LEESE'S OPEN LETTER,
The
Document Forwarded to U. S. At
torney General Miller.
GROSS VIOLATIONS OF LAW.
The Tnion Pacific Company Charged
With Misappropriating: Funds and
Other Breaches of Faith With
the Government.
Attorney General's Office, Lin
coln, JNeb., Jan. ai, 18U0. Hon. W.
H. Miller, Attorney General United
States, Washington D. C. My Dear Sir:
desire to call your attention in an
open letter to a subject which is oi vi
tal importance to the people of the
United States, and more particularly to
the west, especially Nebraska. It is ml
regard to the gross violations of law by
tne union 1'acihc railway company.
You will remember that section 5.256
of the acts of 1873, United States stat
utes, pacce 1.017, forbids the Union Pa
cific railway company from making
any mortgage on, or giving pledges of
its property or future earnings, without
the consent of congress. The law is
plain and readily understood by any
one who will read, and notwithstand
ing this positive law, the Union Pacific
railway company has grossly violated
its plainest provisions; for, without the
consent of congress, it issued in 1879
collateral trust bonds amounting to
$4,852,000. In 1883 another like issue
was made of $4,500,000. On January
12 it issued and guaranteed Oregon
Short Line bonds, $14,800,000. This
guarantee cost the Union Pacific annu
ally $300,000. In 1886 it issued and
guaranteed St. Joe & Grand Island
bonds for $7,000,000. This guarantee
cost the Union Pacific road in 1888 $14,0
000. In 1888 it issued and guaranteed
the Union Pacific, Lincoln & Colorado
railroad bonds, $4,400,000. This guar
antee cost the Union Pacific railroad
that year $11,000. It also leased and
guaranteed dividends on the stock of
the Oregon Railway and .Navigation
company. This guarantee cost the
Union Pacific railway in 1888 $349,000,
and in 1889 $700,000. And it now pro-
ia,s ,crIU
oc South Park railroad bonds to tne
amount of $2,200,000
last mentioned road was purchased for
$4,000,000, and the road has never
earned its operating expenses. In 1888
its earnings fell short of the operating
expenses $172,000. Under the act of
1878 the assets and net earnings of the
Union Pacific railway have been made
subject to the lien of the government,
and the president of the road, in his
testimony before the Union Pacific rail
way commission, tries to excuse the
violations of law in wasting the assets
and net earnings, bf saying that he
acted under the advice of counsel; that
is, under the advice of counsel that he
employs, he has used the money that
should have been applied to the pay
ment of the government debt for the
purpose of construction and the pur
chase of about 2,500 miles of branch
lines that fail to earn the annual inter
est on their bonds, by $1,500,000. This
deficiency is paid by the Union Pacific
railway from its net earnings. When
we come to consider these branch line
transactions, and the participation of
some of the directors therein, it looks
suspicious to say the least.
Then, again, I find on examination,
that $9,000,000 have been paid on land
grant bonds from the earnings of the
Union Pacific railway instead of from
the proceeds of the land grant sales
These lands,' as far as Nebraska is con
cerned. were sold to a iavored lew at a
nominal price, when, by a little judi
cious advertisement, the lands would
have brought their full value. The re
mainder of the lands are being used in
paying off, before maturity, the third
mortgage, or sinking fund bonds, when
the act of 1878 covers the assets of the
road and makes them subject to the
government lien (Section 9, chapter 96,
act of May 7, 1878), and should be pre
served for that purpose. Some two
million five hundred thousand dollars
($2,500,000) in bonds inferior to the lien
oi tne government nave Deen pant on
in 1889.
It is true that the United btates su
preme court has held that the govern
ment had no right to the income irom
lands as net earnings, but the earnings
of the road have been used to pay the
land grant bonds.
Again, the directors have also used
the assets and earnings of the Union
Pacific railway to partly construct a
rival read, consisting of the Oregon
Kailway and .Navigation company, the
Oregon Short Line railroad, and the
Denver & Ft. Worth railroad, and I am
strongly inclined to the belief that the
traffic which properly belongs to the
Union Pacific railroad through Ne
braska is being diverted over the rival
road. If such should be the case, the
object is plainly visible. It is that the
government lien on the Union Pacific
railroad will be rendered valuless should
the government be forced to take fore
closure proceedings. ine lact is ap
parent that the directors of the Union
Pacific railroad cling to the belief that
the branch lines have been created out
of the net earnings of the road that
should have been used as dividends and
paid to the stockholders, claiming their
dividends having been diverted into
branch roads they, by rights, should
own such branch roads. This is the
claim that will be made when the gov
ernment calls for a final accounting.
These facts are mentioned, and, should
you conclude to act promptly in the
matter, a large amount of valuable as
sets belonging to the government lien
would be preserved that are now being
diverted.
m - T -1 1
1 hen, again, iseorasKa is groaning
under extortionate ireighto charges.
Our granaries are overflowing with a
bountiful harvest, but our farmers are
unable to send the same to market on
account of the high rates of transporta
tion. The Union Pacific railroad, being
a creature ot congress, retuses to obey
the orders of the transportation board
of this state, regulating the local freight
rates, and claiming federal protection,
which is cheertully given.
Under this state ot tacts, their local
rates are unjust and unreasonable, and
oppressive to the people, but are pro
tected by our federal courts. The un
subsidized roads make their rates a
tritle lower and then turn to the rates
charged by the Union Pacific as a prece
dent for their authority.
It is needless to call your attention to
the political revolution in Iowa, brought
about by excessive freight charges, and
if the rates in Iowa which caused this
great change of sentiment were oppres
sive, what can we expect of Nebraska,
that pays from 100 to 350 per cent
greater rates than are now charged in
Iowa tor similar services.
These are facts that the present ad
ministration must meet. Should con
gress pass the extension bill it w ill en
tail upon the people of this state the
payment of that enormous debt that
will last for generations to come. And
I solemnly protest, in the name of an
outraged people, against the extension
of the government debt, until these vio
lators of the law have been brought to
justice.
In June, 1886, a resolution was offered
in the house calling on the attorney
general to enforce the law against the
Union Pacific railroad. The resolution
was reported favorably by the juuiciary
committee, but lor some reason un
known to me the subject matter was
dropped.
Now, I will ask what reasons have we
to believe that these same persons who
have so grossly violated the act of 1873
and 1878, will comply with the new act?
Will they not act in the same manner
under the new law, if it should pass,
arid then say that they acted under the
advice of counsel? It seems to me that
the advice of such counsel should be
approved by the attorney general of the
United States, or some higher power
than themselves, when the security of
the government lien is at issue. The
new act, if passed, will confer a large
subsidy on the Union Pacific road, and
rob the government of a large amount
of property due it, as well as all secur-
ity for the final repayment of the prin
cipj
ipal.
All this will certainly be secured to
the government, should an investiga
tion and prosecution precede the pas
sage of the act.
It will give confidence to the western
people, that the present administration
will do its duty without fear or favor.
It will inform the people of the east
that no more tribute in the way of
freight charges will be levied on tnose
who desire to locate in Nebraska.
Yours very truly,
Wm. Leese,
Attorney General of Nebraska.
Wise Words.
By Wm. Hunt, of Ancora, X. J.
When our public men have reasona
ble assurance of appreciation and sup
port, many of them will take an ad
vanced position. If we learn to be po
lite and respectful, from a spirit of
modesty, charity and good will, we can
draw attention and support to anything
that is rational and useful. If we can
only get right with God and man, we
can save the world from evil, and bring
in a better paradise than Adam and
Eve ever lost.
There is a serious error prevalent in
parties and sects, namely: regarding
party more than principles, and sect
and denouncing all who seek social jus
tino .i,.,-..-!, n ar.
other party, or moral
and spiritual righteousness through any
other channel than their own sect, lhe
sect should be the servant of religion.
not tne master, rarty snouid nave no
claim on us only so far as it can help
.iii -r i i i i
the end we seek justice. We ought
not to care through what channel any
good work is done, and we may find
that a good thing can come out of Naz
areth. The tendency to forbid all to
cast out devils who do not walk with
us must be overcome if we ever accom
plish our task of educating and emanci
pating the people.
When the people are educated to see
where the real trouble lies they will
readilv unite in demanding the essen
tial laws requisite to establish justice.
And when thus united in demanding
specified laws, legislators of all parties
will, generally, unite in carrying out
their wishes.
The Knights of Labor
have recently
set us a good example.
They started
(-r.ixi.-t.u:,, :
with the purpose of "establishing in-
dustry on a scienunc basis." Alter a
long struggle, they have been educated
to the point of seeing and demanding
the three essential measures necessary
to establish industry on a sound basis,
namely: Abolition of land monopoly.
Money at cost. Transportation at cost.
lhe Anights ot .Labor do not require
their members to vote with any partic
ular party, but instruct them in the duty
of nominating and voting for legisla
tors who are pledged to work and vote
for the necessary specified laws.
If the J; armers Alliances and other
industrial organizations will adopt a
like wise and liberal policy, and unite
with them in voting for men so pledged,
without regard to party, the necessary
statutes can soon be secured, and the
producing and debtor classes be eman
cipated from the tyranny of capital
without real injury to any.
iteducing prices oi products, by con
traction of the currency, practically
amounts to the same thing as adding
an equal portion to all debts, public
and private, and a proportionate in
crease of rate of interest. After the
war closed, and till 1873, it was as easy
to pay twelve per cent interest as now,
with a contracted currency, to pay six.
v e can succeed it our watchword is
Excelsior. Any reactionary policy is
fatal. The result of the last presiden
tial election may delay u financial col
lapse till the people can be educated to
see where the real trouble lies and ap
ply the remedy.
Eet us educate the people on three
cardinal principles of political economy.
First Abolition of land monopoly.
Second Money at cost.
Third Transportation at cost.
Let us concentrate on these three es-
Jt AA.
sentials and commence the eammiern
now. If we can do this in the right
spirit we shall find plenty of good ma-
tenai coming to our aid irom all par
ties. Enough to insure either the en
actment of the needed laws by the pres
ent congress, or to elect the next con
gress in 18U0 and the president in 1892.
LOUP COUSTY ALLIANCE.
Taylor Republican.
Pusuant to call delegates from Local
Alliance in Loup county met in Taylor
on January lb, 189U, anil perfected the
organization of a County Alliance bv
electing the iollowing olticers: Pres.
Wm. H. Sweet; V ice Pres., O. Mover;
Secretary, v . m. lay lor; Treasurer,
Wm. Stevens, Lecturer, Wm. Evans;
Sergeant-at-arrns, Jos. Dills; Door-
koeper, J. E. lolen; Executive Com
mittee, John Hesselgesser, C. A. Worth-
lngton, Win. Evans; Business Agent,
W. 11. Sweet, lime and place of next
meeting, Madison Square school house -
baturday, lebruary 15, 1890, at 10
o'clock a. m.
Members shipping stock to Allen
Root, care of Bell & Co., Omaha, will
get all there is in it. Give the agent
notice when shipped. Mr. Root is state
agent for the Alliance. W. R. Bennett
fr, Cn. will saII crrnrprips ntn tr the
Alliancft at iohhfvr's rates SpthI nil nrrlern
to Allen Root. Shipments of vegetables,
fruits or poultry, should be billed to
Mr. Root, care of Bowman, Williams &
Howe's, Omaha.
Price List of Oils to Allances.
150 test, medium -white coal oil, 1Y cents.
150 " prime " " " 104 "
175 " Y. L. " " " 13 "
74 stove gasoline " lift "
These oils in barrel lots. The best
harness oil in either one or five gallon
cans, 70 cents per gallon. Pure Neat's
foot oil in one to five gallon cans, 60
cents per gallon. In barrel lots, '50
cents per gallon. Axle grease, thirty-
six boxes in case, $1.8o. ,
Aixen Root, State Agent.
Flax Seed Wanted for Seed.
Addr38 Allen Boot, Omaha. State
Agt,
W. C. T. U. COLUMN.
Edited bv Mrs. S. C. O.JJPTOX, of Lincoln,
Neb., of the Nebraska woman 8 Christian
Temperance Union.
The rxiitny nr Twk Alliance places the re
sponsibility of this column m me care or the
above, editor.
THE SCHOOL HOUSE CAMPAIGN.
Are there not many schools in the
state where the teacher or the older pu
pils would like to work up interest in
the prohibitory amendment by having a
debate on the subject by local talent,
or by having a meeting at which tem
perance songs may be sung, temper
ance essays read, and someone induced
to make a temperance address?
Much good may be done in this way.
If the agitation of this question can be
begun in the country school houses it
will be spread all over our state, and
may result in carrying the state for pro
hibition. Even if that result did not
follow, the work is still worth attempt
ing. Many stanch temperance workers
received their first impulse to work in
the cause by being drawn into local de
bates and discovering how all just argu
ment and right-feeiing supports the
cause of prohibition.
President Lincoln was induced to
sign the pledge in a temperance meet
ing in a country school house, and him
self testified, years afterwards in a tern-
perance speecn, tnat nis pieuge tau
been strong to keep him trom making a
wreck of his life, as did many of his
early companions.
Win the cause, menus, by every
means possible. No effort in that di
rection will be lost.
The Demorest medal contests are
good to call out the people and awaken
interest. Anyone may arrange for a
contest, and Mrs. E. A. Blair, of Creigh
ton, Nebraska, is ready to furnish all
instructions regarding them.
Get up a contest, mends; have de
bates; set the state ringing with facts
and arguments in support of prohibi
tion and home protection.
it you have questions, want help or
suggestions as to programmes, the ecu
tor ot this column will be glad to hear
irom you, and will aid as tar as possi
ble. Educate, agitate, convince!
WASHINGTON AND KANSAS.
The Presbyterian president of the
United States serves an elegant dinner
at the executive mansion and furnishes
wine in abundance to his guests
In Kansas, where the sale of alcoholic
liquors is an offense punishable by im
prisonment, Presbyterians see the wine
drinking habit in another light, and are
so entirely convinced ot the excellence
of prohibition that a presbyterian meet
ing in Emporia, representing a mem
bership of many thousands, declares
that they will "oppose with all the pow
ers God has given us any man or meas
ure or policy that shall favor the resub
mission ot this question."
Comparing these two statements
leads to the conclusion that a national
law, like that in Kansas, would act as a
quickener of conscience, and relieve of
the shame ot seeing an elder in an hon
ored church bow down before the man
date of popular political sentiment, for
get the precept of his bible, and deliber-
nttlv "nut the Lrttl tr Tii neicrhiinr's
ately "put the bottle to his neighbors
lips," even when the eyes of the millions
over whom he rules are upon him
Surely, "Law is an educator," and now
is the time to work, that its educative
force may be felt in Nebraska in favor
of temperance. When twenty -nve in
stead of seven Of the states shall con
demn liquor selling by law, no prcsi
dent will outrage their sentiment on the
question. Magistrates rule even the
public conscience, and too often the
consciences of public men.
One of the most remarkable utter
ances made at the recent state conven
tion of temperance people atDesMoines,
Iowa, was the declaration of the outgo
ing governor, Larrabee, that his expe
rience as governor of the state had!mad
him favorable to prohibition. He said
that he had formerly oppossed it as im
practicable, but that in eighty counties
in the state the jails had been emptied,
and the number of persons in the state
penitentiary reduced by one-half dur
ing his administration, and that court
and people were agreed that the cause
of this was prohibition. He said that
the taxes were less and the markets
better, and that observing all these
things in the administration of the
affairs of the state he could not help but
become a prohibitionist. Governor
Larrabee was distrusted by the temper
ance people when elected, lest his
known opposition to prohibition at the
time of its submission should lead to
the use of his - position as governor to
belittle and defeat the law. But his
conversion to prohibition while admin'
istering a law contrary to his own per
sohal convictions, is not less a compli
ment to the character of the law than to
the sincerity and candor of the convert.
union Signal.
A convention of Nebraska prohibi
tionists is to meet in Lincoln leb. 19th
and 20th, 1890, for the purpose of per
fecting methods and means for conduct
ing a vigorous campaign lor the adop
tion of the prohibitory amendment to
the state constitution. It is expected
that some of the most distinguished
temperence workers in the nation wil
address the meeting, among them John
P. St. John and Miss Frances E. Wil-
lard.
Among the attractions of the conven
tion of February 19th and 20th will be
an entertainment by Miss Daisy Stod
dard, the gifted young elocutionist who
won tne uiamonu meuai in tne uemo-
rest contest held by the National W. C
T. U., at Chicago.
n 4
A recent number of the Chicago Lever
contains testimony in favor of the pro
hibition law that should be overwhelm-
ing. inty-eignt prooate judges and a
large ' number of district judges and
officials declare over their own signa
ture their approval of the law.
FREIGHT OUTRAGES.
We copy the following article from
the Chicago Tribune of Jan. 4, in which
paper it appeared as editorial, under
the above caption. I will be seen that
the reduction of 5 cts. a bushel on' corn
f-asK'a
for by the Governor will not
equal the advance which has taken
place. But the Governor does not ask
for any reduction except on corn; while
the charges on stock and other grains
are quite as outrageous as upon corn.
The .Lincoln letter alluded to bv the
Tribune was written by T. W. Lkw
ery. Following is the article:
A letter from Lincoln, Neb., tmblish-
ed in another column, states emphati
cally a conditiou of things to which the
Tribune has called attention more than
once within the last few months. While
corn is selling in this market at about
the lowest prices known m the last
quarter of a century the Burlington
road is charging more for transporting
it hither than it did previous to the pas
sage oi me inrer-otate Commerce law.
The present rate for 541 miles is 22
cents per 100 pounds. This leaves on-
o cents per bushel ar. me mniai snip
ping point il the gram granes sso.z on
its arrival here, and three cents less
ban that if it be passed by the inspec
ors into the next lower grade. And
out of this small sum the dealer at the
country station takes his profit, while
he farmer has to stana ine cost oi
hauling to the depot. In the seven
years next preceding the passage of the
aw the rate was not at anyume nigner
than 20 cents, and was once as low as
i4 cents per 100 pounds. The injustice
of the present imposition is all the
more apparent when compared with the
act that corn is being nauiea irom that
point to St. Louis for threft cents per
bushel less, though the distance is a
few miles greater. The rate to Chicago
is 30 per cent more man mat to St.
Louis, though the amount of service
performed is practically the same in
the two cases. A similar discrimina-
ion is made on packing-house products,
he rates being 21 and 16 cents respec
ively. The point made by the correspondent
that corn should be carried for less be
cause it is worth less than one-sixth of
an equal weight of flour is not a sound
one. The principle that should be in
sisted upon is that the railroads ought
to charge what the carrying service is
lonestly worth on the cheap article as
well as the dearer one. There is no
more reason tor discriminating in ra
vor of corn as against flour than in favor
of the poor man versus the rich,St. Louis
as against Chicago or the contrary.
The true rule should be to serve all
alike, without preferences as to com
modities, persons, or places, a greater
charge being permitted only in case ot
a larger amount of service. Under
such a rule other matters might well be
trusted to regulate themselves, between
the relative production in one set of
places and the prices paid in others by
consumers, nut he cannot too lorcioiy
express the indignation which is de
served at the hands and mouths of all
honest men by the giossly unfair dis
criminations which he mentions in the
interest of the public. It should be
about time to discover some means of
causing such iniquities to cease.whether
perpetrated in favor of lines which hap
pen to be controlled by Jay Gould or any
other person. Such enormities too
strongly invite a popular uprising - vhen
long continued to make their practice
consistent with the peace and good or
der of a community, to say nothing of
its prosperity. Why do not our granger
friends take up such abuses as impera
tively demand a reform and press
the issue to a speedy solution
NOTICE.
The annual meeting of the Scandi
navian Mutual Insurance Co. will be
held at Marquette, Neb., on February
22, 181)0. All members are requested
to be present. Members of Hamilton
County Mutual Insurance of the Farm
ers' Alliance are also invited to attend.
Oscar Gunnison,
Jan. 27, 1890. Marqutte, Neb.
A NEW PREMIUM.
LOOKING BACKWARD.
We have made arrangements to fur
nish our patrons with that wonderful
book of Edward Bellamy, Looking
Backward, as a premium. All who wish
this book can get it in this manner at
about one-half the retail price. Every
person interested in progress and re
form, and every student of the social
problems which now claim so large a
share of public attention, should read
this book. The sale it is having is al
most unprecdented. Since the phenom
enal sale of Uncle Tom's Cabin no book
has had so wide a sale.
We will send The Alliance one
year, and a copy of Looking Backward,
post-paid.in paper covers, for $1.30. Or,
we will send the book for two new sub
scribers at $1.00. Or, we will send the
book post-paid, for 50 cts.
The Iowa Steam Feed
Cooker.
The most practical, most con
venient, most economical, and
in every way the BEST STEAM
FEED COOKER MADE. A
glance at the construction of it
is enough to convince any man
that it is far superior" to any
other. For descriptive circu
lars and prices apply to N. F.
SPEaR, Omaha, Neb., or MAR-
TIN STEAM
Iowa.
FEED COOKER CO., Manning,
r 20m6
W. Jewktt Henderson,
McCredie, Mo.
D. Henderson,
Fulton, Mo.
W. Jewett Henderson & Co.
BREEDERS AND SHIP
PERS OF PUKE BRED
POLAND CHINAS f the
most popular strains
Pigs furnished in pairs
and trios not akin. Prices
the very lowest.
Personal inspection invited
and correspondence solicited
Kenesaw, Adams County, Nebr.
Breeder and Shipper f Recorded Poland
China Hoc-8. Choice Breeding Stock for
sale. Write for wants. Mention The Alliance.
BEATRICE
"W" C3 3riL ZESZ G
CHA'S HEIDEART, Proprietor.
618 EAST COURT STREET, N. E. OP
POST OFFICE.
EstaTolislieci 1868.
MARBLE AND GRANITE MONUMENTS,
HEAD-STONES, TABLETS, VAULTS,
SARCOPHAGI, & CEMETERY
, WORK OF ALL KINDS. 20tf
Branch Yards, Brownville and Rock Port, Mo.
JOHN M. STEWART, H. F. ROSE.
Ass't Atfy Gen'l.
STEWART & ROSE,
ATTORNEYS. & COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
Rooms 15 8c 16, Montgomery Block, Lincoln.
8pecial attention given to Railroad, Insur
ance and Corporation Law.
We attend personally to litigation In any
county in the state. If desired. Correspond'
ence Solicited. Reference: Judges of the Su
preme Court, Attorney Gen. Leese. Sltf s
inn
& Is
.r bo
A CURE for HARD TIMES
PUS
loviug otaoioa
loam, Wftin
lowing
lmpi or
of tba
TATO,
Sample
and beat
M a
bright,
.m r - -
Wl It It'll s ;.- vw it
AlWffttntmh -y
RRPit&r;DisnMi:si
fi.?; ci line TTir A FVVCtklfct 1
IgpwHnvi. int. rvwiykijiii i
WSaHUNDREiBllSfiElk.
0n JlFi 'IT retail 1'lrt li
v0nv k I'llllMUIIIji'l
MfllL IIIDPL agaJCULTIVATlNO.and ONE who! POTATO fcr I eUV
V
OOFl'LL
OAr.TL YSILGON. r.iechanicovlile, cC Pa.,."?.
THIS
1STIIEI
IMPROVED DURING 1880.
Grinds finer, runs lighter, is
Also Manufacturers of Hand
aV
fin
JUXIIVJJIL
RhPiifln. Post-Hole Diireers. Send for Catalogue Dcrore Duyimj. Agent wanted in unoccu
pied Territory. 3ml8J SPBINOriEU IMPLEMENT Co., Springfield, O.
SUBSCRIBE FOR
THE ALLIAICE!
THE FARMERS' OM PAPER.
-00-
Magnificent
-oo-
In order to compensate our friends for
Alliance we make the following UNPRECEDENTEDLY LIBERAL O.ifiERS of Premiums:
History of the Johnstown Flood.
Illustrated. 450 pages. Cloth binding, elegant print. RETAIL PRICE f I.M. We will send
The Alliance one Year and this book, post-paid,
Save now names for one year at one dollar. ,
Magner's Farmers' Encyclopedia.
Profusely Illustrated. Beautifully bound In muslin and gilt. 630 pages. This is a well-
ten own standard wonc. it emuracw u iuu
branches of farm husbandry, and a vast amount oi inrormauon wnicn enouiu w in
farmers' family. RETAIL PRICE $2,75. We
One Year for $2,60. Or, we will send the book
Stanley's Wonderful Adventures in Africa.
Prof usely Illustrated. Beautiful muslin and gilt binding. 687 pages. This is a book of
absorbing interest, and no one will regret its purchase even at much more than our prio.
RETAIL PRICE $2,75. We will send this book, post-paid, and The Alliance one year for $2,Tfc
Or, we will send the book for twelve new names at one dollar.
We are enabled to make these unparalleled otters because Of wholesale contracts made)
with jobbers.
Laborand Capital, by Edward Kellogg.
This work should be read by every man who is interested In the financial problem. We
will send a copy, post-paid, to every subscriber
Money sent by bank draft, Express or Post Office order, or Registered
Letters at our risk. Stamps and Postal
Alliance Publishing Co., Lincoln, Neb.
TO PREPARE FOR A
CHANGE IN MY BUSINESS,
I will offer my entire stock of
200 Ctelani Bay
3 and 5 years old, and 50 pure bred mares, sound, vigorous and fully acclimated
AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES. 150 DEEP MILKING
MUST BE SOLD DURING THE NEXT THREE WEEKS.
An opportunity rarely offered to secure such high class stock at the prices and terms
am prepared to offer. Send for pamphlet giving fnll particulars.
GEO. E. BROWN, Aurora, Kane Co., 111.
OBTAIN CHICAGO
The way to do this is to ship yourButter, Efrgs, Poultry. Veal.
Keane, Broom Corn, Green and Dried Fruits,
ract that you may nave Deen selling mese arcicies at nome ror years is no reason that you
should continue to do so if you can find a better iptrket. We make a specialty of receiving
shipments direct from FARMERS AND PRODUCERS, and probably have the lartrost trade la
.his way of any house in this market. Whilst you ore looking around for the cheapest mar
ket In which to buy your jroods and thus economizing in that way, it will certainly pay you
to give some attention to the best and most profitable WE7 of dlKposlng of your produce. We
invite correspondence from INDIVIDUALS, ALLIANCES, CLUBS, and all organizations
who desire to ship their produce to this market. If requested, we will send you free of
sharjre our daily market report, shipping directions and such information as will be of ser
vice to you if you contemplate shipping. Let us hear from you.
SUMMERS, MORRISON & CO.,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
REFEREN CE: Metropolitan Nation Bank,
J. TIIORP & Co.,
Manufacturers of
Rubber Stamps, Seals,
Stencils, Badges and
Baggage Checks
:yt Kvei v Description,
JKCJ S. ilth St..
Established 1880.
LINCOLN, NEfl.
25 Million Nursery
Grown Forest Tree
SEEDLINGS.
No agents. Deal direct with customers. Save
commission middle-men. Send for price list.
Also GENERAL NURSERY Stock.
ROBERT W. FURNAS,
6m31
Brownville, Nebraska.
H. C. STOLL,
BREEDER OF
'iter
The MoBt Improved Breeds of
Poland China, Chester White, Small Yorkshire
and Essex Hogs. Satisfaction guaranteed in
all cases. P. O. Address. BEATRICF
JONES, HE PAYS THE FREIGHT.
TOM WACON SCALtS, eJOU,
SEAXSOX
1 eiu
r . Freight Paid.
Warranted for & Yean
AccaU Wanted. 8ed for Ten
FARMERS'
Haua ! Warka S-ialea.
JONES 07 IUfGHAUTOlf. Binghamton, .T,
r
Send (or fall Descriptive
Catalogue for 1890.
i
Trnmbull, Reynolds & Allen,
1426-1428 Bt Louia Avenuit,
KANSAS CITV, MO.
AT YOUR DOOIt AT WHOLESALE
IMMCICM. Havinc mwi ft larra anutttf ml Ik rwi
aud valuable amda lh pul muto, aaU In orter to tatrndae
oar wonaerrui new roma, imo ntu.wu iobh, wi maaa am a
ll.l'KGlw.i'Kni bU uiimm r or i.w in !
mooej, wo wiu araa a dox poavpaia. mwauii nom -i-rl tanfc
rollowlog KGw AHi urnuviii pr..in. mod one Mrdlaa.
thorreatool dlKWTorr 01000 mr aavenloi too KARUT Hi-HK.
ABE
TI
BEST
WIlMira t.mrlr Hlnoa Aairnip Jtrx-i, wrum tni Mo I. Kan.
tlan'o lUlf.Lonat WUter Ueet, at tarietj. U Uono Itmt
of All loi Iltwaa, food tor map bono la winter. U 1 1 ',
Ifeat or All Haach Ucaaft, "on, woaer, and battorr. Hmrir
Adraacw Cabbam, boot anil oarllook Wilson's Preadaaa
Flat itutcb. Cabba-, boat ariotv. Karlr lima
1'laater Oavaaibcr, best for tahl wo. llwa'i I mmst
Vrtm Caeaaiberv boot for ft0!'"- New (rf faitr
vorn, too oarueoi In toe world. llaoa . lircw l.nw
fiw Haejar Cera, owoet and dellntou. Vallraralaow
ttoldea Pop Cora, boot variety. Mow Vlf-UlaarbUc
'elery, extra miaUty. need do bankloc op. M lleaa'.
Kxtra Earir Lcttiam. beading - Jordaa'a link
Monarch Wa ternieloa, Tory largo, twert, and lucer.
MUleVa Cream Nutate Mrlon, tmtnatered la eaa.
tiTitloo. Improved lloand Yrltow Dan V ere Oatoaw
NEW ftPAMMI K1NU ONION, I powud onoafro
ed flnt rear. Abbot 'a Improved Masai l'araala.
Kaby K(ng Pepper, Unnl, larirwt, owocuet lfV -
ceo. J UMBO, of CALIKOKMA, the Urent pumr.aj.
In the world; bai weighed 400 lb. V.arly ltoay
Kadlab. beet and oarlleot. New 'b artier Had Ue., baa
dimmer variety. White Pineapple rHiiianb., roo"! forr.Ua.
keepi all winter. Early Numamer Hatter Hanaaa. Tar.
ner'a Ilvbrld Tnmiln. h.1 nA Bneot ever latrodaoad.
NEW ZEALAND VIU TOMATO, ex-ltcnl for prMtT
ing: cured and dried, eanal to the beet Br. Manleb Ptrap
LearTaralp, tonder. tweet. Ooldea fJloba Kate, llama,
beat ft table ute. VEGETABLE PEACH, oaaily greoa ta
eed Bret veari makoa nloo or nraaorvae eanal La the beat aeeoaoa.
packet of Wllaoa'a True Learning Cora, the eartteat
field corn la cultivation. New Maaaaaoth Zlaala. aeabto
Dahlia, brlabt aa a roaa. Waalilaataa Aateeau vor tare, all
beautiful oolore. tJlaat Geraaaa Paaaleo, beat Milled, taait
RIZKD PACKETS, with DIRECTIONS PO gt4 afa
1
For Corn and Cobs, Food and Table McaL H
more durable than any mill on the market.
At Self-Dump Hay Rakes, Cultivators, Cora
Offer!
their aid in extending the circulation of Tb
for VI, 7 o. ur, wo wm seuu iuo uw ur
uumuuiuiu v uai
will send this book, post-paid, and The Aiuanc
for twelve new name at one wuw.
for The Alliance at f 1.00 per year.
Notes at risk of sender.
and Shire Stallions
j
PRICES FOR YOUR
Hay, Grain, Wool, IIMps,
ilnar you have, to us. Th
Vegetables, or anything ;
174 S. WATER, ST., CHICAGO.
Chicago. Mention The Alliaue
GEO.
C. W.
A. BELL.
MCCOY.
T. C. SHELLY.
S. F. MrCOY.
Bell, HI? & McCoy
(Successors to Bell & Co.)
Mod Co
Merchants.
Room 39 Eichanere Building. Cash Advances
on Consignment.
references ask your bank.
Union Stock Yards, South Omaha,
Nebraska. U23
GENEVA NURSERIES.
40,000,000 FOREST TREES,
ALL NURSERY GROWN.
200,000 Grape Vines.
We have a complete Stock of everything in
the Nursery Line, which we offer to Nurse
rymen, Dealers and Planters at
Bed Rock Prices.
100 11.00 Collections by Mail.
20 to 50 per cent discount on List Price
to Alliances.
Send for Price List. Address .
(3m31) YOUNG ER3 t CO., Geneva, NeU
CITY GBfflD
If ILL
mission