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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 4, 1890)
T?I)T) 4 OT- . . .
HiiiiuaoaA is 1 AX IS ALLIANCK.
President, John H. Powers, Cornell,
'jvioo President, James Clark, Wabash.
frocretary-Treasu rer, J. M. Thompson, Lincoln
1tiectnrer, M. M. Case, Creighton.
-ExVti Committee: J. Burrows Filley;
f i.h. Allen, Wabash: Allen Koot, Omaha;
. Heury, Hansen; W. M. Gray, North Loup.
Tost Office at Lixcot.n, Nei., June 18, 1S8.
1 hereby certify that The Alliance, a week
ly newspaper published at this place, has been
determined by the Third Assistant Post Mas.
'or General to Iks a publication entitled to
admission in the mails at the pound rate of
postage, und entry of it a6 such Is accordingly
made upon tho books of this office. Valid
while the character of the publication re
'Jnains unchanged. Albeut Watkiks,
THE V0CE OF THETeOPLeT
This department is conducted by the Secre
tary of the State Alliance to whom all com
munications in relation to Alliance work,
hort articles upon various subjects of inter--t
to the Alliance etc., should be addressed.
Write plain and only on one side of the paper.
Sign what you choose to your articles but
tend us your name always.
JoTcrnmwt Control of Railroads.
Editor Alliance: I wish to call
the attention of your readers to a few
iiintorical fact3 in regard to our present
transportation system, what it has done
for the country, and its effects upon
trade and industries. About sixteen
.years ago, competition between our
reat trunk lines became so active that
thy were making very little money,per
liaps none at all. Three of these trunk
lines then entered into an agreement
-with a few cattle shippers, that if the
3atter would divide their shipments
with them they should receive a rebate
f 5? 15.00 per car for all the cattle ship
ped from west of Dunkirk, Buffalo, and
Pittsburg, regardless of ownership;
and as these few shippers only owned
about a third of the cattle thus trans
ported, they made on shippers outside
of the ri'ig $lo.oo per car, thus making
the rebate on what cattle they actually
owned, $4-5.00 per car, or one-half the
regular tariff rates. The result was
thai honest shippers who were paying
full tariff rates were driven out of the
business, and the bulk of the trade went
into the hands of this favored few. ami
thev made Chicago the great centre of
their trade, until it is said, this market
lias received in a single year, 2,500,000
bead of cittle. For a time these men
were content with their monopoly of
the trade, ai.d did not interfere mate
rially with the interests of the produ
cer, lint for a great while, with the
millions that had been dropped into
their pockets by unscrupulous railroad
corporations, and the centralization of
trade at a given point, they were ready
to dictate to the producer the price he
should have for his cattle, and for the
last seven years they have been grad
ually using this power, until to day
they are absorbing all the money there
is in the business, and some of them,
not content with the wholesale slaughter
of cattle as well as the men engaged
hi raising them -propose to run the re
tail meat business of this country also.
Of these methods I will say no more.
The gigantic evils they have consum
mated, covering this western country
like the ashes of Sodom, paralyzing the
"business of her people, and through it
crippling all industries, speaks more
eloquently than tongues of angels or
men. Let us turn from them to the
source from whence they sprung, our
1, escnt railway system, and ask our
selves if we wish to perpetuate such a
system. Bearing in mind it is not only
onr cattle industry they have ruined,
out our grain, and almost, every other
agricultural interest as well. The
farmers of Nebraska have their cribs
filled to overllowing with 12 to 18 cent
;orn, according to location. It has cost
them all of this sum to crib it. To re
move it to the nearest elevator is run
iiing them so much in arrears. It is
well for the farmer that he raises
enough from God's great store house,
the soil, to furnish him food, for if he
depended upon the profits of his indus
try tinder our present system for sup
port. his days of toil would soon end.
A Mttle slab of pine perhaps would
mark the spot where he lay, with the
inscription"I)ied of Starvation." This
is not the wail of a discontented fanatic;
it is plain substantial truth. And there
is another truth 1 will add. If the
farmer had been as unscruplous as his
oppressors, they too would have had a
touch of starvation ere this. But to re
turn to our 12 cent com. When it
rt aches its destination does the con
sumer get the advantage of the low
prices? Not at all. There have been
from two to live prices added to it be
fore it reaches him. The two classes
that should have a large share of the
profits of the product are entirely ig
nored in the deal. The protits, yes the
hard labor, also of producer and con
sumer, have gone to swell the riches of
the railroad millionare, and the vul
tures that he has created to prey upon
the dead industries of the countiy.
Remove these two poweaful combina
tions and our 12 cent corn, 40 cent
wheat, and low priced cattle would
bring us double price in the exchanges
we could make for them in other pro
ducts. It would give an impetus to in
dustry and trade such as this country
has never experienced. The cry of
over-production would cease. Every
nerve and muscle would be called into
requisition to supply the demand until
every home in our countiy should have
bread and meat enough to spare, until
this vast pioneer country of the west is
supplied with substantial houses and
barns and all the other blessings of
civilization. It would help to raise the
mortgages oil our farms, and better
than this it would be the means of mak
ing it unnecessary to mortgage at all.
The great highways of commerce right
fully belong to the people and not to
private corporations, to block up our
trade and crv "stand and deliver." Let
us then as a people assert our rights
iind buy them out at a fair price: or if
they do not choose to sell, build our
own lines parallel with theirs. The
"survival of the fittest" .will soon settle
the -question. Some of these roads al
ready owe us nearly what they are
Avorth, and their evident intention is to
always owe us. These are the proper
ones to begin the work upon, until grad
ually the whole system is under our
'control, and the commerce of our
country established upon the broad and
olid basis of equal rights and justice
to ail. There is only one alternative,
either the people will control our rail
roads, or the railroads will control the
people. C. II. King ,
Duvide, Neb., Dec. 20, 1889.
ItaXalo County Alliance will hold its next
aneoting at Prairie Hill school house, eight
jniles north of Kearney, at 10 a. m. Jan. 15,
1890. We want to have all Alliances repre
sented as there will be business of impor
tance to be considered.
J, Y. M. Swiqart, Pres. Co. Alliance.
The price of nearly every product is
fixed by a trust before the product
reaches the consumers. The past sea
son the farmers rebelled against the
price fixed on binder twine by the
twine trust. The price was so high
the farmers refused the twine. At
present there are many farmers doing
without sugar, attempting by its non
use ' to force the trust to decrease its
The people all agree or the main
point that they must manage the sugar
and all other trusts or become the
slaves of a monied aristocracy. Rut to
manage the sugar trust shall we do
without sugar? To control the kero
sene oil trust shall we spend our even
ings in the dark or go back to the tal
low dip? To kill the railroad trust
shall we take to our ox carts?
No, no! Better take to the woods at
once, or stop living. Kind readers you
are asking how 1 would have the peo
ple of the United States manage the
trusts and combines that are robbing
us with trust prices. Jay Gould's hired
help could run his U. P. railroad it he
were dead. Vanderbilt's employes cad
and do successfully manage his rail
roads. The men employed in the sugar
refineries manufacture A and G sugar
while the members of the trust are
viewing the Paris Exposition. We
would have the men who are doing the
work on Gould' railroad own the road.
We would have Vanderbilt's laborers
own his roads. ' We would have the
men who make the sugar own tne re
fineries. But, you say these laborers are too
poor; they cannot own anything. Bight
here we would have the government of
the United States, the people if you
please, say to Gould's laborers, "If you
want to buy Mr. Gould's railroad we
will loan you sufficient money to make
the purchase at one per cent a year and
take a mortgage on the road."
Let these laborers run the road un
der government supervision until the
debt is paid, and for all time to come.
We would not pay any one $25,000 a
year for acting as president of a rail
road, company: But the section boss
should receive $3 per day, and all other
laborers in proportion.
The people should serve the sugar or
any other trust in the same manner.
Some readers may say the govern
ment cannot loan money at one or any
other per cent.
Every bank bill in existence the gov
ernment loans to the national bankers
at one per cent a year.
The government also has about fifty
millions deposited in the banks and no
interest is received ior its use.
The government should loan to these
poor laborers on the same terras it does
to the rich bankers.
Suppose Mr. Gould will not sell his
When a railroad was graded through
our farms many of us did not wish to
sell the right of way, and have our
farms cut into three-cornered lots. The
managers replied: "It is for the good
of the country; it is for the benefit of
the whole people that this railroad
goes this route."
They took our land; we took their
price. Now it is for the benefit of the
people at large; in fact our only salva
tion is to have the government take
charge of the railroad trust, and all
other trusts, and run them in the in
terest of the whole people.
The people must do this or become
the abject slaves of king Gould and the
King Gould and the trust iingsters
must take our price tor their property
and be satisfied.
When the people take charge of the
great railroad trust as above indicated
the members of all the other trusts
will call -before breakfast to ask the
people what they shall do to be saved.
John Stkiuhns, Shelton, Neb.
Death or Iiro. Edwin It. Clark, of Hall
Camkron Pukcinct, Ham, Co., IJec. 28, '80. .
Editor Alliance:-! enclose herewith res
olutions of sympathy and respect to the mem
ory of our Iiro. E. It. Clark. Bro. Clark was a
very prominent farmer, and was widely
known and respected through Hall and Buf
falo counties. He was very much interested
in our cause, and we feel as if we had lost one
of our main stays.
Wherkas; It has been the will of our Heav
enly Father to remove from our midst our
beloved Brother Edwin It. Clark suddenly
and without warning; therefore be it
Resolved, That while we bow in humble
submission to the will of God, we no less
mourn the cause that has severed the tics of
Resolved. That the sympathy of our order
is hereby extended to the family of our de
ceased Brother in their great affliction, and
we commend them to Him who doeth all
I tilings well for comfort.
j Resolvkd, That a copy of these resolutions
be sent to the family of our deceased Brother
j and also be published in The Farmers' Aixi
j anoe and the Shelton paper.
J. H. Porter,
j D. C. Wood,
I It. Gill,
j Com. on resolutions.
(iood News From Merrick Co.
Clahks, Neb., Dec. 30, 1889.
Editor Alliance: There was a special
meeting1 of the Merrick County Farmers' Alli
ance held at Central City on Dec. 28, for the
purpose of considering- the best methods of
advancing the interests of the order in the
county, where, as you are doubtless aware,
Alliance matters have for some time been in
a somewhat lethargic condition. The weather
was unfavorable, as a storm commenced ear
ly in the day with a feeling1 in the air that we
might get a blizzard before it was over. But
this did not prevent us from having a good
meeting, and considering the weather a re
markably god attendance. Representatives
from five subordinate Alliances were present.
Each and every -one of them manifested, and
many of them expressed, increased interest
in the work. Members from Chapman re
ported arrangements about perfected for the
shipment of grain by Alliance men of that
Members of Alliances have been shipping
grain and hay from Clarks for the past two
weeks; have also bought and distributed eev
eral barrels of coal oil, and report themselves
well satisfied with results thus far.
w. H. Austin.
Admires The Alliance.
Hay Sphisgs, Neb., Dec. 27, 1889.
Alliance Pcb. Co. : Enclwsed find postal
note for one dollar. Please send me your pa
per oue year. If you will send me a few sam
ple copies 1 will use them in your interest.
You ought to have a good club it this place,
i have not yet seen a copy of your paper, but
take it for granted it is the right thing, as I
have long admired Mr. Burrows bold stand
in the interest of labor.
Yours "for the war,"
They Are All At Work.
We give below ad extract from a letter re
ceived by the Secretary this week:
We are at work in Gosper county, and ex
pect to be represented at Grand Island. Let
us howl moky until it is heard by every
farmer in the Union, and then let us all strike
while the iron is hot, and we think we can
mould some laws that will pay us a thousand
fold for our trouble. Yours respectfully,
Another Alliance EleTator in Cass Co.
Weeping Water, Dec. 30, 1880.
Editor Alliance: As an item of interest
1 will state that Cascade Alliance is growing,
and we now own and are running an elevator
at this place; and fanners are getting several
cents more for their corn than they otherwise
would have grot. If it was not for the Alli
ance corn would be selling now for 12 cts.
- John Dalton.
Secretary Cascade Alliance No. 432.
Meeting of Gosper Co. Alliance.
Gosper County Farmers' Alliance
holds first called meeting at Elmwood,
Saturday, January, 11, 1890. The pur
pose of said meeting is to consider the
matter of establishing a purchasing
and selling agency, and to petition con
gress in behalf of the farmers. All
Sub-Alliances are requested to send del
egates. W. II. Stone, Sec'y.
The Solidarity or Labor.
Among many other social changes
wrought by the introduction of labor
saving machinery and modern industrial
methods is the complete subversion of
the old idea of trade isolation, and sub
stitution of the broader view that all
labor lias' equal rights and interests.
While the old system prevailed, the
ideal of most trade unionists was that
each body of skilled artisans, acting on
its own account, should secure for its
own members, as far as possible, a mo
nopoly uf the right to labor without
thought or care for the unskilled work
ingman. It was sought to establish an
aristocracy of labor to draw a hard
and fast line between skilled and un
skilled, and,while protecting the artisan
from all incroachment upon his exclu
sive field, to leave the common herd of
laborers to the mercy of competition.
Labor-saving machinery and the re
volution in the industrial system have
changed all that. The field which the
skilled mechanic can hold to himself is
continually narrowing. A thousand
and one processes which were formerly
done by hand, and requiring long train
ing and superior skill, are now done by
machinery with the aid of a compara
tively few men easily familiarized with
their duties. Every day lessens the
distance which formerly separated the
skilled from the unskilled the me
chanic from the laborer and makes it
more and more difficult for the well-paid
artisan to retain his position as the
member of a superior caste. The level
ing process oue to machinery has been
going on simultaneously with the edu
cational process, by which the ideas of
men have been broadened and the truth
enforced that there is and ought to be
no redemption for labor which does
not include the poorest and most de
pendent of the toiling masses.
It is impossible for the intelligent
skilled mechanic to hold his position,
let alone improve it, without the co-operation
and support of the unskilled. A
trade can no longer successfully isolate
itself from the general mass of suffer
ing, struggling humanity and hope by
stringent rules to keep up wages for its
members regardless of the general con
dition of the labor market. Some new
discovery, some extension of the ma
chinery system, may at any time
rob it of its vantage ground and reduce
its members to the general level. Many
who in their day have assumed a posi
tion of lofty unconcern as to the lot of
less-favored brethern of the world of
labor, secure in their fancied monopoly
of technical skill, have suddenly found
themselves compelled by some unex
pected change m processes to compete
with a throng of machine-tenders or
partiallv-skilled workmen. The days of
handicraft isolation are over. Under
the system of to-day skill in some spe
cial branch is becoming a matter of less
importance, and labor of all kinds more
on a common footing. The selfishness
of class exclusiveness is giving away be
fore a recognition of the great truth
that the depression and degraditton of
the great body of unskilled labor inevit
ably and naturally drags down the arti
san class to their level.
Improved machinery is placing all
labor in the position of subjection to
the capitalist. The old idea of keeping
up wages here and there by close un
ions is becoming impracticable. The
remedy lies, not in the weak defense of
unions on the line of caste selfishness,
formed to procure a little better condi
tions for a favored few, which are as
powerless against the advancing tide of
competition as Mrs. Partington's bioom
against the Atlantic Ocean, but in the
organization of all labor to control the
machinery and secure the benefits of in
creased production for the real wealth
creators. "The Solidarity of Labor" is
the watch worth of the future.- To en
franchise the few high-skilled and more
intelligent, leaving the mass in hopeless
poverty, is impossible, and every true
friend of humanity and progress,instead
of regretting it will rejoice that it is so,
and strive for the regeneration of labor
as a class. Journal of the Knights of
Very Sound: A steady volume of
full legal tender money, composed of
gold, silver and paper, in amply suffi
cient quantities to transact the business
of the country on a cash basis, increas
ing in volume as business and popula
tion increase, are what the people of
this country need, and what they will
have when they come to better under
stand the vast importance of a steady
volume of currency. Omaha Republi
can. A Western Wonder.
The American Grocer, New York, Decetn
bei 25, made the following complimentary
reference to the Omaha Bee:
"The Omaha Bee is a wonder. It was es
tablished and is conducted and owned by Ed
ward Rosowater, a man who during the war
was President Lincoln's telegraph operator,
in which position he exhibited all the quali
ties of abilitiy and fidelity which have distin
guished him in after life.
When he established the Bee twenty years
ago (about tho time the American Grocer wa3
established), it was in a little frame shanty.
This year it moved into the largest and
finest among the many magnificent newspa
paper buildings of the west, built by Mr.
Rosewater, expressly to accommodate the
immense business of his paper.
The difference between the first copy of the
Bee and the paper at present, is about the
same as the difference between the American
Grocer of to-day and its first issue, a fac
simile of which we issued recently."
W. C. T. U. COLUMN.
Edited by Mrs. S. C. O. Upton, of Lincoln.
Neb., of the Nebraska Woman's Christian
Theeditorof The Alliance places the re
sponsibility of this column in the care of the
We publish below Mrs. Livermore's
reminiscence of the crusade of temper
ance women, out of which sprung the
Woman's Christian Temperance Union.
The 23d of December is the anniver
sary of the beginning of this remarkable
movement, and has been kept at Ilills
boro by a gathering of christian women
who desire a new baptism of the spirit
that moved them in those times. It
would be well, indeed, if the christian
women of Nebraska might stir up snch
a revival here. In this way we could
most surely carry the amendment, and
sweep from our state the saloons that
REMINISCENCES OF THE WOMAN'S CRU
SADE, BY MARY A. LIVKRMORE.
I was tilling lyceum engagements in
Pennsylvania and Ohio, in the early
winter of 1873, at the time that the re
markable movement known as "The
Woman's Crusade" startled the com
munity. The daily papers teemed with
the most extravagant and sensational
accounts of the methods and aims of
the women who had inaugurated this
new departure in temperance work.
Every morning the dailies of the great
cities confronted their readers with
staring head-lines that misled and pre
judiced in advance as was intended.
And the reports, written on the spot,
by attaches of the press, sent to study
and describe the new movement, ridi
culed and belied it. "A mob of pious
women!" "'1'iayer-meeting in saloons!"
ikCold water women drunk with zeal!"
" saloon-keepers bulldozed by frenzied
women!" " 'Rock of Ages,' the song
they sing!" These, and similar mis
leading announcements on the bulletin
boards, left one in doubt whether "The
Crusade" was the work of sane women
or of lunatics.
As I proceeded from place to place,
approaching Ohio, the new movement
more completely engrossed the public
attention, and was the one theme of
conversation on trains, in hotels, and
everywhere. It was now spreading
prairie fire, and was achieving most
astonishing results. The prayers, and
songs, and touching appeals of women
who visited the saloons daily, and whose
husbands aud sons had been ruined by
them, and their homes desolated, went
with arrowy directness to the hearts of
the proprietors. In town after town
saloons were closed by this unheard of
procedure, the liquor poured out into
the streets, and their converted owners
joined the ranks of the "Crusaders,"
and helped them in their work.
I was constantly interviewed by re
porters, and asked for an opinion con
cerning this "outburst of temperance
fanaticism," but I had no opinion to
give. I fully shared the general skepti
cism as to the reliability of the press re
ports, and waited till I should have an
opportunity to see the operations of
t'The Crusade" for myself. It came
sooner than I anticipated,
1 was to lecture at Washington C. II.,
one evening, not far from Ilillsboro, O.,
where this blessed impulse of prayer
and entreaty had its birth. As we
slowly came up to the station, I ob
served that the platform was packed
with women, and I supposed there had
been some meeting or convention in
session during the day, and that the
ladies were now to take the train for
their homes. As I stepped from the
coach Mrs. Maggie Ustick, of Washing
ton, whom I had met before, welcomed
me, and then presented me to the pre
sident of the Woman's Crusade in that
town. I think the lady was Mrs. Car
penter, wife of the pastor of the Presby
Taking me by the hand, with most
cordial greeting, she said, "Mrs. Liver
more, we are a committee of sixty
women, who have come to invite you to
accompany us to the Methodist church,
where the daily temperance prayer
meeting is in session.".
If I must be honest, I wished for the
moment that the women were all in
Joppa. For I wished to study the Cru
sade deliberately from the outside, to be
a looker-on, and not to be plunged into
the very seething heart of it, at the
start. liut if any of my readers ever
find themselves in a like predicament,
with a committee of sixty women wait
ing for them as an escort, I advise
them to do what I didgo with them.
The church was packed with a serious
and intense audience. In the. rear of
the house hundreds were standing, and
among these there was a continual
coming and going, as work or business
compelled the departure of some, when
new comers took their places.
A reformed man was speaking when
we entered,one who had recently signed
the pledge. The attidude of the
man, the tones of his voice, the very
features of his face all told of wicked
ness. He deplored his past life, and
with tremulous tones that had unshed
tears in them, told how bad a husband
he had been to "one of the best wives
God ever gave a man." He was inter
rupted by the clear, sweet voice, of a
"Never mind that now, John; we'll
forget the things that are behind."
"Only, wife, don't let me lall again!
Keep the saloons shut, or else I'm lost."
Then a woman prayed. How her pe
tition beat up against the throne of
God, as in low tones of suppressed an
guish she pleaded for help, strength,
light and comfort. I had never heard
a prayer like that before, and knew
that the supplicant had a history. My
companion whispered, "That woman
has suffered everything from the effects
of strong drink in her early home, and
now in her own family."
A young girl arose to offer a thought
that occurred to her. A man behind
me, in evident alarm, said almost aloud,
"Gracious! that's my Fannie; I hope
she won't slop over." Clear, direct,
concise, she fervently, but briefly, gave
her testimony as to the efficacy of
prayer, and sat down.
Then more prayers from women
whose faces bore the record of long
years of heart sickness and despair, and
w ho appealed to the "Friend of the
friendless," in tones that went to my
soul. Then, pathetic and graphic bitd
of speeches from men struggling up
out of the depths, all of whom uttered
the same agonized entreaty, "Don't let
the saloons be opened again!" I was
called on for a "testimony," but I was
beyond the power of speech -I was
weeping. The audience palpitated with
intense feeling, and all hearts throbbed
in unison; and yet there was no out
ward excitement, all were calm and
self-controled, even when they all joined
in song, till the house rocked with a
very tempest of melody.
All the saloons in town but one had
been closed voluntarily by their owners,
their stocks of liquors had been destroy
ed, the proprietors had signed the
Pledge, and were working with the re
formers. I was obliged to leave town
too early the next morning to accom
pany the detail of womeu appointed to
visit the one still defiant saloon, which
yielded before the week was ended
and then Washington C. II. had a jubi
lee of thanksgiving.
For the next three weeks my woik
carried me almost daily where Crusade
work was being. done. The features of
the movement were the same every
where. Raffled in their attempts to
obtain help from the legislature in re
stricting the saloons, which overran the
southern half of Ohio like the plague
of frogs in Egjpt, and the "Civil Dam
age Bill, "for which they had petitioned,
proving a very mockery, the women in
their helplessness and unutterable woe
gathered into prayer-meeting, and out
of breaking and broken hearts called en
God for help. The plan of visiting the
saloons with entreaty and persuasion,
prayer and song, had come to them, as
thev believed, in answer to prayer.
Who shall deny it?
I lack space for reminiscences of
three weeks in Crusade towns. Like
the unseen Spirit at Pentecost, like the
voice of Christ on the troubled waters
of Galilee, this wonderful movement
harmonized the discordant element,
and brought in order and peace. Not
only were the saloons closed, and
wretched men lifted out of the depth
of moral debasement, but old family
feuds were settled, long-separated hus
bands and wives were re-united, repar
ation was made for long-standing and
unforgiveu wrongs, and whole commu
nities were lifted to a higher plane.
The reign of the Crusade was brief, but
blessed while it lasted, for the very
spirit of the Christ vitalized it.
Rut the movement was phenomenal
and emotional, and soon spent itself.
I often asked the women, "What will
you do when the Crusade is ended, for
you see it is so very emotional it can
not have a long lease of life?"
With the sublime confidence in
divine direction, they replied, "we do
not know, but God will show us." Out
of that brief Crusade has come the
Woman's Christian Temperance Union,
which has only just entered on its ca
reer, and is being slowly fitted for the
great work that lies before it, through
God's divinest agent of help, which is
On iny return to Boston, I found the
papers full of misrepresentations of the
Crusade, and of the women engaged in
it. It was never truthfully reported in
the east, nor well understood, and the
grossest exagerations were current, and
were accepted. I wrote out a statement
of my experience and observations for
the press, and sought to correct some
ot the unrighteous falsehoods. It was
largely copied in part, or in whole, and
finally brought me a request to give the
story in full to the people at a public
meeting. Dr. Xeale, minister of the
First Raptist church of Roston, and my
old and beloved pastor, offered his
church for the occasion. There was a
large audience, and very great interest
A second meeting was appointed at
Shawm ut Avenue Raptist church, when
an organization was formed, with Mrs.
Gifford as president a Quaker lady of
Worcester and my life-long friend and
early school-mate, Mrs. L. B. Barrett,
secretary. It was the first born child
of the Crusade, and although in its in
fancy, struck out immediately into vig
orous work. It went into the lowest
purlieus of the city, and established
temperance prayer meetings, sought
the reformation of fallen men and
women, organized Reform Clubs, and
helped weak and struggling men to
maintain them. It established a cheap
temperance restaurant, and a "Friendly
Inn," which finally grew into large
proportions. It galvanized the churches
into spasmodic interest in the reforma
tion of drunkards, and accomplished
much good work, which was perma
nent in its effect.
After the organization of the Wo
man's Christian Temperance Union at
Cleveland, Ohio, this Massachusetts
bantling wheeled into line as one of its
auxiliaries. And when Mrs. Gifford
retired from office at the close of the
year, I accepted the position of presi
dent, Mrs. Barrett serving as secretary.
For ten years we worked together, and
then my friend received her discharge
from the battle of life, and "was not,
for God took her."
Since that time Misses Toby and Gor
don have been respectively president
of the Massachusetts union. Their la
bors have been signally successful; they
have won their way to all hearts, and
ten thousand of the best women of the
slate uphold their hands, and encourage
them in their large endeavors. The
future cannot be foreseen, but it is my
strong belief that the W.'C. T. U. has
before it a long career of usefulness.
Its steadfast adherence to its convic
tions, its splendid behavior under ad
verse criticism and unmerited obloquy,
its growing unification of hearts and
interests, are all prophecies of good
omen. Courage! "Whom the Lord lov
eth He chasteneth."
Members shipping stock to A lieu
Root, care of iiell & Co., Omaha, will
get all there is in it. Give the agent
notice when shipped. Mr. Root is state
agent for the Alliance. W. R. Bennett
& Co. will sell groceries, etc., to the
Alliance at jobber's rates.Send all orders
to Allen Root. Shipments of vegetables,
fruits or poultry, should be billed to
Mr. Root, care of Bowman, Williams &
Howe's, Omaha. - .
Price List of Oils to Allances.
150 test, medium white eoal oil, llVi cents.
150 prime lO'i
1T5 " V. l. " " " i:; "
74 ' stove gasoline " ll'i "
These oils in barrel lots. The best
harness oil in either one or five gallon
cans, 70 cents per gallon. Pure Neat's
foot oil in one to live gallon cans, 60
cents per gallon. In barrel lots, 50
cents per gallon. Axle grease, thirty-
six boxes in case, $1.80. -
Allen Root, State Agent.
H. C. STOLL,
.j .m.. BREEDER OF
The Most Improved Breeds of
Poland China, Chester White, Small Yorkshire
and Essex Hogs. Satisfaction guaranteed in
all cases. P. O. Address. BEATRICE "-
X J. THORP & Co.,
Rubber Stamps, Seals,
Stencils, B-idges and
Every Description. Established 1880.
S. llth St., LINCOLN, NE3.
to the acre,
Ho packages earliest Vegetable Seeds, pospaid, 1.01).
Over 3,)U0 acres devoted to the growing of my seeds.
Senfl For Free Catalogue Now !
JOHN A. SALZER, LaOrosse,Wis.
PREPARE FOR WINTER!
A Complete Assortment of
CL0TMI, MKT HUB
HATS, TRUNKS, &c, AT
Baker Clothing House, 1125 O St.
PRICES BED ROCK. GIVE US A CALL.
,(jnAKER CITY GRINDING ILL
IMPROVED DTUING 1W, For Corn and Cob, Feed und Table Meal. U
Grinds finer, ruus lighter, is more durable than any mill on the market.
Also Manufacturers of Hand K Self-Dump Hay Uakes, Cultivatoru, Cum
hellers Post-Hole Diggers. Send for Catalogue iK-fore buying. Agents Wanted in Unoco
iied Territory. SPRINGFIELD IMPLEMENT Co., Springfield, O.
Magnificent, Premium Offer!
In order to compensate our friends for their aid in extending the circulation of Tb
Alliance we make Ihe following UNPRECEDENTEDLY LIBERAL OFFERS of rremiuun:
History of the Johnstown Flood.
Illustrated. 450 pages. Cloth binding, elegant print. RETAIL PRICE $1,50. We will m4
The Allianco one Year and this book, post-paid, for 91.76. Or, we will Bend the book for
Seven new names for one year at one dollar.
Magner's Farmers' Encyclopedia.
profusely 1 Hunt rated. Beautifully bound In muslin and gilt. &) pages. This is weU
xnown Standard work. It embraces a full compendium of veterinary knowledge in aU
branches or farm husbandry, and a vast amount of information which should be in very
runners' family. RETAIL PRICK fci.TS. We will send this nook, post-paid, and The AlUanoe
One Year for $2,60. Or, we will send the bok for twelve new names at one dollar.
Stanley's YoMertii, Adventures in Africa.
Profusely Illustrated. Beautiful muslin and gilt binding-. 687 pagres. This is a book of
absorbing Interest, and no one will regret its purchase even at much more than our price.
RETA1 L PRICE $2,75. We will send this book, post-paid, and The Allianoe one year for $3,1.
Or, we will end the book for twelve new names at one dollar.
We are enabled to make these unparalleled otters because of wholesale contraoU mate
with jobbers. "
Laborand Capital, by Edward Kellogg.
This work should be read by every man who is interested in the financial problem. We
will send a copy, post-paid, to every subscriber for Tub Aixi anck at tl-00 per year.
Club Terms with the Omaha Weekly Bee:
We will send The Alliancb and tho Weekly Reo with Premium, one year, for $2.&0.
Or, Thk2Alhance and the Weekly Ree without Premium, one year, for 91.75.
For our Lady Friends.
SILK CREPE SHAWL. Si inches squarr inside ' fiinjre, w hich is 3 knot S inches dee.
This is a very beautiful and dressy shoulder snawi. Colors, black, cream, pink, cardinal,
iijrht -blue and lemcn. We Mill send The Ai.lt a nck one yeai und this bhawl post-paid foe
$3.75. Or, we wil send the shawl for fourteen new names at SI. 00 a year.
CHINA SILK SHAWL,
With heavy all over hand embroidery: size inside of frinjre ' inches square, with 8-kixrt
heavy 6c inch silk frip;re. A very rich and dressy shawl. Co ors. old jroid, pt-arl, cream, pink,
white. Iijrht blue and cardinal. We will send Tiik Allianck one year and the alove shawl
post-paid for $7.25. Or, we will s'.nd the shawl for 32 nev names at one dollar a year.
Persons eompethur for these premiums aud falling to obtain enough names to secure
them, will receive our rcjrular c ash commission, viz: we se iul five papers one year for (4-00.
Our Lady friends eun easily obtain theso beautiful shawls by spending a portion of their
-eisure canvnssifjr for The Alliance. Address,
Alliance Publishing Co., Lincoln, Neb.
BSr Money sent by bank draft, Express or Post Oflice order, or Registered
Letters at our risk. Stamps and Postal Notes at risk of sender.
AURORA, KANE CO., 111.,
IMPORTER AND BREEDER OF
Cleveland and Shire Horses.
300 YOUNG AND VIGOROUS oTALLIONS AND MARES,
OP CHOICEST BREEDING NOW ON HAND.
LARGE IMPORTATION RECENTLY ARRIVED.
I will make special prices and lfteral terms to parties buying- before winter.
Higli-Bred Holstein-Friesian Cattle. Deep Milkiug Strains at Low Prices.
When answering" Advertisements mention The Alliance". . Cta
The way to do this is to ship yourButter, Ejrjtrs. Poultry, Veal. Hny. Grain, Wool, II ides.
Means. Brwom Corn, Green and Dried Fruits. Vegetables, or anything vou have, to us. The
tact that you may have been selling these articles at homo for years is no reason that you
should continue to do so if you can find a better terket. We make a specialty of reeeivinir
'htpmenls direct from FARMERS AND PRODUCERS. and probably hare the larrest trade in
:1ns way of any house In this market. Whilst you are lookiujr around for tho cheapest mar
ket in which to buv vour iroods and thus economiirir in tlm. wav. it will certain tv uv
to jrive some attention to the best and most protllahie wi;- of disposing of your produce. We
invite correspondence iroxi INDIVIDUALS, ALLIANCES, CLUHS, and all organizations
who desire to ship their produce to this market. If requested, we will send you free of
charge our daily market report, shipping directions ami such information as will Imnftor.
ucc to you if you contemplate shipping. Let us hear from you.
SUMMERS, MORRISON & CO.,
REFERENJE; Metropolitan Nation Bank,
We have a quarter million of
our is:w Need Catalogues, prob
ably the most complete cata
logue published in America,
containing a largo list of farm
all of unquestionable merit,
tested and of vigorous growth
and enormous yields. We
would like name of every Sec
retary and President of tho
Farmers' Alliances in Nebras
ka to seud our Catalogues to,
and also our discount sheets to
Farmers' Alliances. We sell to members of the Allium-
Our stock of Flower and Vegetable Seeds, of Farm
Seeds such ns Barley, Corn, Oats, Wheat, Potatoes.
Grasses and Clov ers, and Fodder Plants. Is by all odds th
largest west of New York City, and we know it will par
you to get our prices before buying. Remember that WB
SPECIAL PRICES TO ALLIANCES. My Bonanza
Outs, which have taken tho Great American Prize of
'M in Gold. .open to the world. Yielding over 1 54 bushels
the Genuine Seed, which can bo bought onljr
m of us, is offered at a special Low Price. Soo Catalogue
f'l about it.
? My Okanagan Spring Wheat just the Wheat for Nt-
bruska and Iowa soils yields from 25 to 40 bushels ixr
acre, and can Ik? had only of us.
.'CI packages of choice Flower Seeds, postpaid, $1.00.
PRICES FOR YOUR
174 S. WATER, ST., CHICAGO.
Chicago. Mention The Alliauco,
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