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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 28, 1889)
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY
BOHANNAN BLOCK, .
' Lincoln, - - - Nebraska.
J. BURROWS, :
J, M. THOMPSON,
: . Editor.
AH communications for the paper should
lc addressed to THE ALLIANCE PUBLISH
ING CO., awl all matters pertaining to the
Farmers' Alliance, includitg subscriptions to
the papc', to the Secretary.
The Nationalization of Industry.
To those "who have read that great
work of Edward Bellamy, "Looking
Backward," the above caption will have
a significance which it will not possess
for others. The idea of all industries be
ing controlled by the central power for
the common good is not by any means
new; but the benefits to be derived by
-the community, the relief to mankind,
the adv ance in equality, in kindness, in
luxury, in intelligence, morality, public
beneficence, and in fact in a higher and
nobler civilization, have never been so,
invitingly described as they are by Mr.
Bellamy in this book. It is not our ob
ject here to review the book, nor yet to
advocate the benefits which may be de
rived from the nationalization of indus
try; but rather to show that in some
Important directions industry is already
nationalized, with the difference that
the benefits of such nationalization ac
crue to the few instead of to the many.
First, what is meant by the nationali
zation of industry? The general defini
tion we give above is good; but it is in
adequate to express the full idea. For
that we must refer our readers to Mr.
Bellamy's book. But let us look at the
subject in' the case of one industry. Let
us suppose that the government ac
quired the sole ownership of all the rail
roads in the country, and instead of
operating them as now for gain, it
should operate them solely for the ad
vantage of the people. That industry
to that extent would be nationalized. It
might be under our present system of
money and competition; or it might be
under the much better, more rational
and Christian system supposed by Mr.
Bellamy. But in either case the ex
penses of the roads would be provided
for by the government, and their bene
fits be enjoyed by the people, and they
would no longer be an agency by which
the few could tax the man v..
Now. in some very essential particu
lars is not the railroad industry already
nationalized? Let us see. In the first
place the projectors of a railroad are
Invested by law with the whole power
of the government as exercised in the
right of eminent domain. What does
that mean? It means that if the line
runs through your garden, orchard, best
parlor or your wife's bed-room, that said
projectors can take it with or without
.your consent. The governments itself
couhi not do more. So the railroad in--vlustry
is effectually nationalized in this
..particular at least.
Now let us see as to revenues. The
same law under which the railroad is
incorporated, and which confers the
right of eminent domain, also confers
the power to charge tolls for services,
and the road fixes the amount of the
tolls. Property is placed in the posses
sion of the road, and it will not be sur
rendered until. the tolls are paid. These
tolls an- divide ! into two classes, pas
sengers and freights; but in each case
I hey are based on labor are the direct
fruits of industry. The charge is per
mitted bv law, and consumers of goods
or users of roads in any manner, can no
more escape their payment than they
can the. import duty on goods they con
sume, or any other tax imposed by the
govern nient. So to this extent, alo,
the. railroad industry seems to be na
tionalized. Magnitude considered certainly the
term national seems quite applicable.
There are now nearly nine thousand
millions in stocks and bonds afloat in
the IT. S. Of these between four and
live thousand millions represent no in
vestment, but have the same force of
law, and draw through inexorable taxa
tion the same revenue from the fruits of
industry, as does that portion which
represents honest investment.
So in every essential particular ex
cept one the railroad industry is now
nationalized. The important exception
is that the people do not derive the ben
efit. A few manipulators of stocks and
lionds. a few men expert in making
combinations,' are absorbing the wealth
which ought either to go into the public
treasury or remain in the pockets of
There is another business which is
nationalized to exactly the same extent
that railroading is. That is, its exac
tions can no more be escaped thau can
government taxation. This is the mon-ey-lending
business. It is made possi
ble and is upheld by vicious laws. Its
charges are legalized and guaranteed by
law; and through the supremacy thus
acquired fix the charges in many other
kinds of business. Its burden far ex
ceeds the railroad burden, and its bene
fits are far less tangible.
But Mr. Bellamy finds the happy
world he has pictured dispensing with
money; so we will let our readers study
his book before we discuss this question
The Chicago Clan-na-Gael.
If Chicago will send her Clan-na-Gael
policemen to Nebraska, they can be
shot by any citizen, under an exception
to one of the laws passed last winter by
Church Howe's legislature. This pre
vious enactment provides for the pun
ishment of any person who discharges a
firearm within sixty feet of a public
road, "except to destroy some wild, fe
rocious and dangerous beast, or an of
ficer in the discharge of his duty."
Just do Your Best.
Tiie a itrns is bad when folks commence
A-flndin fault with Providence,
And tmlkin' 'cause the earth don't shake
at every prancing step they take.
No man is great till he can pee
How less than little he would be
Ef stripped to self, and stark and bare,
He hung his sign out anywhere.
My doctern is to lay tside ,
Contentions, and be satisfied;
Just do your best, and praise or blame
That toilers that counts je3t the same.
I've alius noticed great success
Is mixed with troubles, more or less.
And its the man who does the best
Thatg-ets more kicks than all the rest.
James Wbitcorob Riley.
The Tale Is Old.
The tale is as old as the oldest hills.
Twas told when the earth was young;
The gloom of it aye 1 the joy of it fills
Love's song wherever it's sung,
'Tis nothing but this: That a woman loves
As a river ilows down to the sea,
And a man see how old ocean moves!
Man copies him faithfully.
The sea is as bold as the wind and tide
May choose, and It shakes the shore,
As it cuts a swath in the sand so wid';
With a boastful surging roar.
But over the bar the waves are less.
Where old ocean salutes the river.
And she gfves her all, and he ah, yes.
What does old ocean give her?
The tale is as old as the oldest hills,
'Tvvas old when the earth was young:
The gloom of it aye! the joy of it fills
Loves song wherever its sung.
'Tis nothing but this: That a river Hows
As a woman lives for her lover;
And the sea? Who watcheth tlie water
The likeness he shall discover.
Know her? I should calculate!
Fourteen years she has been my mate.
A mighty good wife she has been to me,
And a loving mother to little Dee.
Back some fourteen years or so
She's stuck to me, high or low;
When I got mellow, staid out all night,
In the window I would find a light.
No matter how late, I found the door
It was key under the mat, on the floor.
If the key hole had moved while I was out
And I had to climb up the water spout
She'd smile a smile that made me sick,
But scold she'd not nary a kick,
But lie in bed, laugh herself hoarse,
And say,"poor f'ellow.it was business o'course,
Working so late to support your wife,
I know it will surely shorten your life.
There is a large glass of milk on the shelf."
Then she would laugh a low laugh to herself.
She knew my back teeth were ajmost afloat
And my skin was chuck full as a goat;
That it was booze, not biz, that kept me late,
For she waa up in (I and onto her mate.
Well, I tried pretty hard to look stiff and sober
She'd laugh and giggle till I though she'd boil
While I was mad clean through to the core.
She'd snicker, "Get into bed Charles that's
I gathered my strength, jumped up at abound
And caught onto that bed on its twentieth
The last thing to 7Jie she laughingly wired.
"Go to sleep Charles, you make me tired."
Know her? Well I should say very much,
And she knows me to beat the Dutch.
Omaha. December 21. Majoi: Sukwky.
THE PRESS OF TO-DAY.
The press of to-day is an unclean
thing. Jt is a disgrace to modern civ
ilization. Nature partially hides her
processes of decay, and her dissolutions
which involve corruption. By her di
vine alchemy noxious places are made
to bring forth sweet fruits and llowers.
But unlike nature, the press revels and
glories in and parades ostentatiously be
fore the public, every day, all the vile
ness and crime and immorality and
beastiality that its minions of unclean
ness can scrape from the foulest slums
of .society. It is very rare that a daily
paper can be seen the first page of
which is not adorned with several slug
ging mat dies, rapes, divorce cases,
murders or suicides. And all this is
done in the name of enterprise, and be
cause it is news. News, indeed! We
have often of late wondered whether
the public taste does i-eally demand
such a daily picture of hades. Does the
press really create public sentiment, or
only follow it? If it creates it, it will
soon have occasion to be ashamed of its
work. it it only follows it if the pub
lic taste-is becoming so morbid and un
healthy that it really demands such dis
gusting aliment, then indeed are we in
a bad way.
But whatever the ethics of the case
ma j be, Ave earnestly protest against all
this vileness. Leave crime to the police!
Leave domestic quarrels to their unfor
tunate victims, and divorce cases to the
courts. Or, if these must be published
as news, let the summary bo brief, and
omit the sensational details which are
now so disgustingly elaborated by im
pecunious penny-a-liners. Do you daily
press editors ever reflect what sort of a
menu you are spreading before the pure
young girls of this generation? Do you
know you are doing more to poison the
springs of social life every day than all
the preachers of the land can counteract
in a month? For God's sake and hu
manity's sake, give us a cleaner press.
The Work of the State Meeting:.
The State Alliance meeting which is
to be held at Grand Island will be the
most important Alliance meeting ever
held in the state. The State Alliance
has reached that period in its existence
when large numbers of its members
will consider it an irresistible power in
the state, and will propose? and urge
measures predicated upon that assump
tion which could not fail to be very in
jurious to the society if adopted. The
new party crank will put in an appear
ance, and urge the immediate change oi
the Alliance from anon-partisan society
into a political party. Now we confess
to being considerably cranky on that
subject ourselves. If the country is to
be regenerated by parties, the one to
do it is ytt to come. But it will not be
brought by resolutions, nor by changing
societies like the Alliance into political
parties. Reforms must be brought
about by law. Every law of a reforma
tory nature must have behind it an irre
sistible pressure of public opinion, first
to procure its passage, next to secure
its enforcement. Now when public
opinion demands the passage of any
law, it will be passed, no matter what
party is in power. The organization of
a small minority party will not secure
the passage of any law, unless public
opinion demands it. If public opinion j
demands it, it wiil be enacted .without'
the minority party.
We respectfully ask all the gentlemen
who have resolutions in their breast
pocket making the Alliance a political
party, to remember that it has ouce
been utterly destroyed in. this state by
such action. We also invite them to con
sider that there are 200,000 voters in
Nebraska, "and that the Alliance has
not one fourth that number, and
these are of diverse political opinions;
that it is gathering to its membership
men of all political faiths, and unifying
and harmonizing their political convic
tions; but that if it is made apolitical
party it will only gather thenceforward
men of that one faith We trust a care
ful consideration of these things will in
duce these men to throw such proposi
tions into the fire.
Politically, the work of the Alliance,
both state and national, lies in the di
rection of leading public sentiment to
favor certain well-defined lines of pol
icy and certain specific measures enforcing-
that policy. These measures
are for financial reform, land reform,
transportation reform. Whenever our
members of congress are convinced
that the people demand a certain spe
cific law on any of these subjects, they
will hasten to pass that law, no matter
what party tney belong to. it is our
work and our duty to convince them.
One important duty of the state meet
ing is to see that a business house is
opened by some competent man, under
the supervision of the Alliance, through
which the Subordinate and County Alli
ances, and even individual members,
can reach the numerous manufacturers
and wholesalers who are anxious to
deal as directly as they can with the
farmers. Through such an agency
an enormous trade can at once be es
tablished with every county in the state
where Alliances are organized.
The Mutual Insurance law of the
state was amended last winter, at the
request of the Alliance, so that any
number of persons can now associate
themselves for the purpose of insurance,
instead of only two hundred, as hereto
fore. This law opens the way for the
Alliance to establish an insurance! de
partment in connection with the Alli
ance. Such a department is loudly
called for. The state meeting will be
called upon to decide the matter.
The memorial which was adopted by
tie last annual meeting, and which was
attacked by the money-lending interest
throughout the country, and by its tool
Church Howe in his legislature, should
be re-adopted, with some trifling amend
ments to adapt it to the altered condi
tions of the money question, ami ar
rangements should be made to secure
tin signatures of '.0.00') Nebraska farm
ers ahd workingmen. and it should
then be sent to Washington, and pre
sented in both houses of congress. It
will be remembered that the economic
propositions of the memorial have never
been attacked. The attack was made
alone upon its assumption that the
mortgages in Nebraska amounted to
$150,000,000. After the abuse that has
been heaped upon the Alliance on ac
count of this memorial, it is the duty of
the Alliance to repeat it, backed by ."().
000 names, and it is abundantly able to
Of other work of the meeting we need
not speak. The Executive Committee
have arranged a partial programme, in
tended to expedite business, and make
the session entertaining and instructive.
Undoubtedly some business will arise
for which no preparation has been
made. But we hope and trust this
meeting will prove the most useful, har
monious and instructive ever held in
JIOIHFYIMi THE WOOL TARIFF.
The house committee on ways and means
has li ved upon Jan. 2 and !1 for hearing state
ments and recommendations upon the sub
ject of modifying the tariff on wool and
Kven manufacturers of woolen goods who
during the last, campaign frantically cried
against Cleveland's free wool utterance for
fear that any change in the tariff on the raw
material would lead to a considerable reduc
tion in the protective tariff on the manufac
tured goods, are said at last to be in course of
changing their minds. There appears now to
be quite a widrspread conv iction that Ameri
can industries, however well protected, can
not prosper when the raw materials which
they consume are made inordidately e.vpen
pensive by takation. Ex.
By aU means let the republican party
put wool upon the free lit. It is the
only agricultural product that receives
any tariff protection of any account. It
will be perfectly right and proper to re
move protection in this one ease, so as
to entirely remove the illusion of pro
tection to farmers. Tariff protection of
labor is about exploded, and the home
market fraud played out. When the
farmers are convinced that protection
is a myth, as far as they are concerned,
they mav vote the other way.
Earl Wemyss, a British landlord, asks
"Why not create a bread and beef court as
well as a land court?" His lordship no doubt
considers this a fine stroke of sarcasm, but it
is really a very pertinent suggestion, and be
fore long he may be surprised to find himself
taken at his word. If the trusts and monopo
lies keep on raising the prices of the necessa
ries of life, and at the lame time cutting down
the farmers' prices so that the latter can
hardly exist, it won't be long before the peo
ple are ready for Earl Wemyss' bread court.
Journal of the Knights of Labor.
'This same principle may. also be ap
plied in "other directions. New railroad
corporations in the west are buying
their right-of-way, and taking deeds in
fee. They; are setting up the claim that
they own; and have a right to control
the land .thus acquired to exactly the
same extent that a private citizen has
the land he has bought, and we are ex
pecting to see this ?laim set up before
our Board of Transportation, and in
our courts. The British Earls and our
railroad barons have gall enough to
claim the very air of heaven, and (iod's
sunshine, if they thought they could
maintain the claim-
In answering advertisements always
mention The Alliance.
Farmers' Co-Opcrative firain and
valor Co. of Osceola, aco.,
The Omaha - Republican Valley Rail-
This is a case in which the Omaha &
Republican Valley Railroad Co., or in
other words the U. P- Railroad Co., re
fused to lease the above-named Farm
ers' Grain Co., incorporated and doing
business at Osceola, grounds aud track
privileges for an elevator.
This case was heard by the Board of
Transportation at Osceola, Dec. 4th,
and the date fixed for a decision by the
Board is Dee. 80th. The decision will
be looked for with much interest.
It appears in the evidence of Mi
Monson, Secretary of the Farmers'
Grain and Elevator Co., of Osceola,
given at Osceola, Dec. 4th, that there
were two elevators at Osceola, and that
a Mr. Hotchkiss was buying at one of
these for a Council Bluffs elevator, and
that a Mr. Johnson was buying at the
other for the Union Elevator Co., of
Omaha. It also appears that the two
Companies of Council Bluffs and Oma
ha were subsequently consolidated, and
that thenceforward', the two Osceola
houses were, while nominally compet
ing, actually buying for and shipping to
the same company, viz: the Union
Grain Co., of Omaha.
It also appears from the same evi
dence that the U. P. Railroad Co. re
ported stock which it owned in the con
solidated elevators to the Board of
Equalization, which was assessed at a
valuation of $6,000.00, or GO per cent
of the whole.
It therefore appears
road, which operated
defendant at Osceola,
trolled every avenue
that the U. P.
the road of the
for the sale and
shipment of grain at that point.
Mr. Monson also testified that grain
brought a better price at neighboring
stations than at Osceola; that he sold
his grain at Stromsburgh, though he
had to haul it further. Difference in
favor of these other stations was to
cents per bushel.
Testimony of Mr. Van Wye confirmed
Mr. Monson as to price, and the fact
that farmers living near Osceola hauled
their grain a greater distauce to other
stations on account of lower prices at
We hope every Alliance and Farmers'
Association in the state which is re
fused track and elevator privileges will
promptly appeal to the State Board.
The publicity that will be given to these
cases, and the expose of the grain steal
ing of railroad companies, and their
collusion and partnership with local
grain buyers, either active or passive,
will aid in convincing the general pub
lic that the government should own and
operate the railroads.
We have reason to believe some in
teresting developments could be, made
along the Rock Island lines, if proper
efforts were made.
Meeting of the Saunders Co. Alliance.
On Saturday afternoon, Dec. 21, we
attended the ' meeting of the Saunders
County Alliance, held at the Saunders
School House, about three miles north
of Ashland. Though the day was
stormy and cold the house was packed
with sturdy and intelligent farmers
from all parts of the county. All but
two subordinate Alliances in the county
were represented by delegates. There
were several lady delegates present, but
not so many as there should have been.
The one speech by a lady delegate was
exactly to the point, contained just
words enough to state the point clearly,
and no more, and for directness, brevity
and force, was the best address of the
afternoon. We were culpably negli
gent in not obtaining her name. Ami
we wish to say right here that the men
who are neglecting to induce their
wives to join the Alliance, and take an
interest in its meetings, are not doing
their whole duty to the society.
The business of the meeting was to
discuss the question of shipping and
selling products, to consult with State
Agent Root as to business arrangements
connected with his department, and
with the purchase of goods, and the
election of officers for the ensuing term.
Incidentally, addresses by Mr. Root
and the editor of Tiik Almaxck, were
At the evening meeting, which was
open to the public, a literary programme
was given, which was quite entertain
ing. The officers elected were as follows:
President, S.. II. Moss, of Mead.
Vice-President, P. J. Hall, of Mem
phis. Sec.-Treas., W. O. Rand, of Wahoo.
Lecturer, C. O. Mese, of
Assistant Lecturer. L. Lippincott. of
Door-keeper, .John W. O'Kane.
Chaplain, George Morris.
The Alliance men of Saunders county
are alive to their interests ami energetic
in the work, and we look for good re
sults from their efforts. They are mak
ing preparations .to follow their pro
ducts as far on their road to the con
sumer as it is possible to do with profit,
ami to go to first hands for their goods.
In short, they are doing just as all other
classes are doing, viz: organizing to
promote their own interests.
For the kind greetings of all we met
we feel sincerely grateful. We enjoyed
the hospitality and good cheer of Bro.
J. Saunders and his amiable wife, and
our sincere wish at parting was that we
might soon be there again.
Beauties of Daily Journalism.
The Lincoln Journal of Dec. 24 gives its
readers a column hash of nasty divorce
cases. The World-Herald of Dee. 23
gives its readers a romantic probably
highly romantic case of a St. Louis
young man who drew $30,000 out of that
gigantic fraud the Louisiana Lottery. It
also has a flaring advertisement of the
same fraud. If it is illegal to hold a
lottery in this state, it ought to be ille
gal to advertise them. -
1RR. CULVER, JURYMAN".
Mr. Culver, of Evanston, was the
twelfth juror in the Cronin case who is
said to have prevented the death sen
tence from being imposed upon the
murderers of Dr. Cronin. The Chicago
Herald jumped upon him ferociously,
and he has sued the Herald for $2."),000
damages. We hope he will get it. The
course of such papers as the Herald in
trying a case before the people, and in
inflaming public sentiment against ac
rtuciwl lnt not convicted persons, is an
outrage upon justice, and should be
suppressed by the courts. Its attack up
on a juror, after the rendering of a ver
dict, because his judgment did not ac
cord with its editor's, is another outrage
which should be redressed by law. The
sweeping condemnation and abuse by
such papers as the Herald, supposed to
have great power through their influ
ence upon public sentiment, of all per
sons who happen to go counter to their
views, is the kind of license that public
opinion should utterly condemn. The
Herald and papers of its ilk, with their
pages of unclean divorce trials, thefts,
murders, and nameless outrages, are
doing more to debauch public senti
ment, and spread obscenity aud impure
morals in the homes of America, than
all other agencies combined.
A government eook-book for workingmen's
wives is the latest. It tells how a meal for
six persons can be prepared for 24 cents. Now
for prosperity. Three meals a day for an or-
dinarr family and all for ii cents. Men will
be able now to work lor $1 a day and have $4
a year to pasr rent.doetors' bills and pew rent,
besides buying fuel, clothing, etc. Then they
will have the glorious satisfaction of knowing
that, if their employers find out they can live
at government cook-book rates, they will
have to work for government cook-book
w a ges . Exchange.
How about the prosperity of the peo
ple who furnish the raw material for
these cheap meals? Would it not be
better to have the meals cost twice as
much, and so enable the producer to
buy the goods and employ the labor of
the people who eat the meals. This
thing goes around in a circle. It doesn't
seem to be hardly worth while for A to
force down B's products to such a point
that B is entirely unable to buy A's
goods. Low prices, by destroying all
margin above mere subsistence, para
lyze demand, cause apparent overpro
duction and a consequent stoppage of
industry, which makes idle labor, more
paralysis of demand, -stagnation of
trade, etc. Let the government make a
bonfire of its cheap cook-books, and
then try some panacea that will make
DICK TREVELL1CK COMING.
That distinguished Knight of Labor
and champion of temperance reform,
Hon. Richard Treveliick, is expected to
be in Lincoln again soon. Mr. Trevel
iick is a man of great versatility and
possesses oratorical powers of a high
order. A great traveler, he has gath
ered from all quarters of the globe and
from a very varied experience a fund of
information which makes him a most
entertaining speaker. Added to these
qualifications is an unselfish devotion
to labor reform, and every good cause
he espouses, lit; should always receive
a warm welcome from the Knights of
Lincoln, as well as all other good citi
zens. TIIE CANADA STEALERS.
The congressional ox is gored this
time, an Ass't-Sergeant-at-arms having
skipped across the border with $75,000
of the member's money. We'll bet a
cookie that some strong . move will
be made this session for the extradition
of thieves; and another cookie that the
people will have to make up Silcott's
theft. It makes so much difference
whose ox is gored.
The West Lincoln Pkkss is a new
and bright paper lately started in West
Lincoln by Messrs. Whit & Davis.
These gentlemen are fully capable of
making their enterprise a success, and
we have no. doubt they will do so.
There is plenty of room for newspaper
enterprise and editorial ability in the
upper stories. The vox populi in
tellectual lift hasn't been invented yet,
so many of these upper rooms are still
Same Old Game.
Whether a democrat like Carlisle or a
republican like Reed sits in the speaker's j
chair makes little difference the com
mittee on rules, which practically runs
the House of Representatives, is made
up in th same way. In the first place
there is Mr. Speaker; then there is Mr.
Randall, and then come Messrs MeKin
ley, Cannon, and Carlisle. Last year it
was about the same except that Carlisle
was then Mr. Speaker and Reed was one
of the so-called minority.
In any such committee as this it mat
ters little what the pretended party aftl
iationsof the members may be. Mr.
Speaker Reed. Mr. Randall, Mr. Can
non and Mr. McKinleyare all advocates
and defenders of the God-given tariff.
Mr. Carlisle, a week-kneed tariff re
former, may stand by himself or go with
the majority, as lie pleases. The com
mittee on rules binds and gags the House
of Representatives at the very outset of
its career. It is composed of old birds
who know how to do it. After they
have made their report and the House
has adopted it, the popular branch of
Congress surrenders its right to legislate
for the people. So long as that commit
tee is made up of monopolists things will
be exactly as they have been for the last
Under such auspices it is always in or
der to rob the people, to waste their
money or to impose new taxes. To re
duce the burdens of taxpayers is forever
out of order. The "regular order" is
jobbery. The true representative of the
massess can do nothing to change it af
ter the boodle tariff rides have once been
adopted. Chicago Herald.
An exchange says Secretary Noble
has recently patented to the Northern
Pacific railroad millionaires enough
land to make twenty counties, -which
was forfeited ten years ago, and which
includes much valuable mineral land
that was expressly exempted from the
grant. When all the railroad and bank
men demanded Harrison's nomination,
and Depew swung the New York dele
gation to him, they knew what they
TIIE SILVER CONVENTION.
- ' .-,
Extracts from a letter by Jcfrse Harper
lu tbieago Sentinel.
We aimed to have the following com
munication of Col. Harper appear in
the last issae of The Sentinel, but it
was delayed several days in the mail.
However, the manner in which it is
written up makes it good at any time.
It will be "good reading" ten years
from now. even:
St. jLouis, Mo., Nov. 27, 1889. Col.
S. F. Norton; Editor Sentinel,
Chicago: The first national silver con
vention, convened in Music Hall in this
citv yesterday, is still in session.
The marked feature of the conven
tion is the oweness of thought that
beams from every face. There are a
few sillibubs who part their hair in the
center; they cut no figure however. Sen
ator Stewart of Nevada, in his speech
this afternoon and it is the speech of
the convention, towering high above all
others began by saying:
"Thus far in the proceedings of the
convention Money has been both text
and sermon. And well it may be, for
without the advent of money we would
not have had civilization, and if money
leaves us civilization will die."
Truth, Senator, every word of it.
In looking over this body of men one
can see the lighting up of the bronzed.
care-worn faces as the money problem is
held forth. And the denunciation of
the "rase lis" who have brought the
country to the verge of bankruptcy,
through their schemes "contraction,"
j "demonetization," and t;hoarding"
, br6Ugnt the llOUSe down With a shout
that no other subject could.
The "fellows" that have been called
"cranks," "fiatists," "lunatics," are
here as "accredited delegates," "distin
guished gentlemen," and are recognized
now as "half white" and "partly free."
We have advanced in honor.
Scattered all over the ludl we shook
hands with men whom we have been
camping with for a decade and a half of
years. The cheery ring of their voice
was: "We are here because those sil
ver men are going in the right direction;
they want moke money."
Squads of the "old guard" are here
looking on. The new men, "just out of
the shell" are "flying with silver
wings." They rush up to the old vet
erans and say: "I am glad you are here;
you know how to fight these devils of
"contraction," "demonetization"' and
How an old Greenbacker at such a
place can eat popcorn and rest! Pur
"fools" are increasing, and every new
convert, as he puts on the "silver
shield," says: "We must have more
money." Shylock calls all such "fools."
To imagine that both precious met
als, utilized to their utmost limit of
production, will supply the demand for
money, is as absurd as to suppose the
flail and distaff could fill the place of
the threshing machine and power loom.
And the attempt to crowd the advanc
ing ages down to the barbaric past is as
cruel as it would be to take your son of
twenty years and crush him into an iron
suit that fitted him at ten. That would
be murder of the boy, the former would
be murder of civilization.
And this convention sees it, feels it
and knows it. So plain is this that
when an opportunity arose to show it
the deep conviction burst out like a
pent-up hurricane. It was brought
about when the resolution was read:
"Resolved. That gold and silver be
put upon an equal footing and their
coinage left perfectly free and unlimit
ed; that their coinage be encouraged to
the fullest extent, and that all of the
gold and silver so coined be made full
legal tender money for all debts public
and private. Resolved, further, that the
government shall in addition thereto
issue full legal tender paper money in
sufficient amount to make altogether
gold, stiver and paper money fifty-two
dollars per capita."
This brought the greatest shout ever
heard in that hall. It was like the
lushing of many waters: like the bellow
ing of the seven thunders! Men shied
their hats, stood up and shouted them
It was a declaration for "more mon
ey." and found a grand response.
' The silver dollar suspended above the
head of the president of the convention,
spoke audibly: "Let her go Gallagher."
And the eagle on his perch above
the dollar and under the flag, looked
out on the great sea of faces, only as the
bird of Egis can look, and he laughed,
as only our own national bird can
laugh, and there trilled from his throat
the sublime words: "Carry the news
It is these volunteer resolutions that
give the true sentiment of the body of
the convention. Thev show that the
situation (want of money) is at last
realized, become universal.
THE MEM HERS PRESENT.
The convention was called by certain
gentlemen in St. Louis and as an initia
tory step was well conceived and suc
cessfully carried out. Some governors
of the states failed to appoint delegates,
so that the numbers were not so large
as it otherwise would have been.
In the short speeches made by dele
gates, in a kind of love-feast manner, it
was pitiful and tearful to hear the story.
Some states had full delegations ap
pointed, but had only one or two in at
tendance. "Too poor to get there," is
the way they write. When those pres
were asked, "why did not your men
come?" the answer was, "too poor; had
no money. ' So it was all through.
There were at the highest point near
ly four hundred, and they represented
the country in a sad condition as to the
need of money.
The opening addresses by the chair
man of the committee, followed by the
Governor in a welcome address, were
in a line with the broad catholic spirit
that prevailed in the body of the con
vention. There were excellent, pro
found words uttered. Those of the
Governor: "The hand of the vevv is
iron and it is being used to crush the
many; unclasp that hand if you are
The spirit of the convention on the
question that brought it together re
sponded in a shout: "The clasped hand
of gold, now upon silver, we will remove
or crush the hand."
TnE GREENBACK SHALL NOT PERISH.
The same hand is now on the throat
of the greenback "rag baby," as the
bankers' golden babe has always called
it. The old Greenbackers, the "old
guard," who know that the greenback
("rag money") saved the flag swear
now by the God of the beros dead, who
were paid in that money, that the clasp
of the hand of Shylock shall be taken
off or the hand shall perish. And if gold
and silver make a compact hvhieh w
think they will and try to outlaw t)tt
greenback, then let the tight triumph
and both metals go to tlu place w here
For the American people will never
give up the greenback. The an,i
the geenback have leen tuiptised to
gether in the best blood that ever poni ed
from the veil. a of dying heros. Wind
them round the body as you lay a u
the city of the dead and the worm will
refuse to touch thesfc two emblems of
Al'.LE DOCUMENTS HEM.
The papers read before the conven
vention were able and valuable contri
butions to the branch of economic
science relating to money. They will
appear in the published proceedings oi
the convention, and ought to be secured
and reajl by the people.
The address of General Warner m
taking the chair as permanent presiding
officer, waa a close and logical premut
ation of the wonderful depression now
affecting the whole world through the
wrongful use of money. All of it and
much more is to be found in his printed
speeches made in Congress.
f ho statistical showing in the paper bv
Mr. Jordan of New York is useful lie
cause he quotes from two authoiith.
that take different views on the same
question. And it shows that Franc
with less than half our population and
not as large as Texas, has fifty-two (
dollars per capita, and is enjoying a de
gree of happiness among her masses not
equalled in any other nation.
While this is true of that Republic,
we are trying to do business on less
than ten (10) dollars per capita in circu
lation. The consequence is that crime and
misery are on the increase in this coun
try at a greater rate than any other na
tion. This branch of economic
science the relation of money to crim.
misery, happiness and bravery was iu
the most masterly manner shown by
Senator Stewart ot Nevada. He was at
his best and carried everything before
him, and loused the convention into a
storm of applause. In passing hi
swooped down on that class of econo
mists who are eternally talking about
the two metals being the recognized
money of all past i.ges wherefore,
say they, "it must be so." lie said the?
were Diagones at sea in a tub, threat
ening to sink any steam ships that came
in his way. He said truly, such had
been the view, was largely so now
rut that man could m: and would
r.E educated out ok it and stand
on higher a no u n i), making theik
MONEY OUT OF THINGS REQUIRING
LESS HUMAN EFFORT, THAT IS, LK
LAROR TO OET THEM.
But while we are not at this higher
elevation we must do cur best in the
lower, and as both the precious metals,
so-called, are not enough to answer the
sum required, it is crime to cut off half
our supply, or even cripple it.
The speech covered the three points
heretofore intimated gold, silver ami
paper. All full legal tender; all on equal
footing and a very much larger volume
per capita than France. Enough to do
business for cash, or on a cash basis.
We stand where we have for years -
LEGAL TENDER PATER MON EY. enough
of it to do business without credit.
Sixty dollars is little enough and eighty
dollars per capita would not be exces
sive. A party to carry this idea including
transportation and land, is the great
necessity of the hour. The Union
Labor Party stands here (it now takes
all three of the money gold, silver,
paper all legal tender) and it is pledged
to the accomplishment of these threw
things as primitive, first question.
More money is the cry of the masses
in every land. And unless there is rnort
money the world will go to its doom.
We are on the eiui-line and as le
truction in the past, so will destruct
in the future carry to the dust of death
the grandest achievements man has ever
wrong! t. J. Harper.
On Nov. 18, certain individuals assem
bled together in a room in the city of
Atlanta, look a vote, ami found that the
majority among them believed as follow.
The land, including all the iiatm.il
sources of wealth, is the heritage :'
the people, and should not be subject. l
speculative traffic. Occupancy aud ue
should be the only title to the po session
of land. The taxes upon land should In
levied upon its full value for use. edu
sive of improvement, ami should be sufti
cient to take for the community all the
It is a rat her contradictory sort of creed,
and I think the men who hold it can
hardly have attempted to define its arti
eles very clearly in their own mind; but
at all events, that is what a majority of
the delegates to the general assemblv ot
the Knights of Labor said they believed,
and I tliink it is a thing to rejoice over
When they come to defend their cierd.
as tlH'3 will certainly have to do. thev
will discover that it would bo impossible
to make occupancy and use the only title
of land, so long as the possession of land
depends upon the punctual payment of
taxes. And when they make that di
coverv, I am pretty certain that they
will drop the tax paying clause of the
creed, and cling to the occupancy ami
use declaration. Hut what amazes m.
most in connection with this creed, is to
find it quoted approvingly in The Stand
ard, and warmly indorsed by the very
man who not long ago stigmatized ttie
idea that oecupanev and use should U-
tlte only title to possession oi lanu. as
"vacant land nonsense." I ran scarcely
believe that Henry George intends t
join in the demand for the altolition of
ownership, of vacant land; and
yet he says of this declaration of
the Knights' of Labor delegates: "At
last the true standard is raised in the
ranks of organized labor at Ia.t tb
true path has been taken." Yet no man
bet ter understands the meaning of word
than Mr. George; and it is impossible
that he should have failed to see that the
declaration lie so lauds involves the de
mand of which he has spoken so con
temptuously. Hugh (). Pentecost, in
Every labor reformer ought to be in
favor of woman's enfranchisement. It"
we lH'lieve that the land belongs to all.
how can we logically refuse to one-half
of the people a share in the administra
tion of the common heritage? There is
no argument for excluding women from
the ballot-box, and thus establishing an
aristocracy of sex, which cannot and
lias not been just as forcibly used in fa
vor of class ascendency. The spirit
which would deny the suffrage to wom
an on the ground that her place was at
home is just the same as that which not
so long ago in monarchical countries
refused the ballot to the workingmen
on the ground of unfitness. Journal of
the Knights of Labor.
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