The alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1889, October 26, 1889, Image 1
OFFICIAL ORGAN KEBIUSKA &1.G0 PEB YKAIi . IN ADVANCE. 7 LIANCE STATE FARMERS' ALLIANCE. I l "THERE IS NOTHING WHICH IS HUMAN THAT IS ALIEN TO ME" Terence. LINCOLN, NEBRASKA, SATUED AT, OCT. 26,1889. NO. 19. VOL. I. B fc 1 r THE ALLIANCE. PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY MORNING. BY TIIE ALLIANCE PUBLISHING CO. BOHANNAN BLOCK, Lincoln, - - - Nebraska. J. BURROWS, : : Editor. J, M. THOMPSON, Associate Editor. All communications for a5f' ?25&d be addressed to THE ALLIANCE PLIlLISH 1NG CO., aud all matters pertaining to the Farmers Alliance, includitg subscriptions to the papc. to the Secretary. Notice to Subscribers. expirations. As the easiest and cheapest means of noti fying subscribers of the date of their expira tion? wo will mark this notice with a blue or red rencil on the date at which their sub scription expires. We will send the paper two weeks after expiration.. If not renewed by that time it will be discontinued. SUBSCRIBE FOR The Alliance! -00- THE FARMERS' OWN PAPER ! -00- Magniflcent Premiums ! 00 Tiie Alliance has been started as the official organ of the Nebraska State Farmers' Alliance. It has already taken a high place among the papers of the country, and is gaining patron age which promises to make it a bril liant success. It will be conducted SOLELY IX TIIE INTEREST OF THE FARM ERS AND LABORING MEN OF TIIE STATE AND NATION. J. BURROWS, its Editor, is President of the National Farmers' Alliance, and Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Farm ers' State Alliance. He has had long experience in newspaper work. He will bring to his aid able'men in differ ent spheres of thought, and w ill make The Alliance one of the ablest pa pers in the west. The Alliance will be absolutely FEARLESS AND UNTRAMMELED in the discussion of all public ques tions.- Its publishers will accept no patronage from corporations that will embarrass their free expression of opinion upon all topics. NO MONEY WILL BUY TIIE OPINIONS OF THIS PAPER. the ALLiAJSUJi win be lound in the front ranks of the opposition to all trusts and combinations to throttle com petition, and extort from the producers and laborers the lion's sharelof the fruits of their toil. We shall advocate the tree coinage of Bilver the same as gold, and its re storation to its old time place in our currency; The issue of all paper money direct to the people on land security, and an increase of its volume proportioned to increased production and population: Government ownership of railroads; The U. S. postal telegraph; The restriction of land ownership to the users of land, and its reasonable limitation; The exclusion of alien landlords; The election of U. S. Senators by a direct vote of the people; And all other reforms which will inure to the benefit of the Farmers and Workingmen. MR. BURROWS was the first man to officially propose the union of the Northern and South ern Alliances into one body; and the first to propose the formation of a Na tional Business Committee.which prom ises to develop into one of the large st co-operative enterprises in the world. " Now Brother Farmers and Working men, it remains for you to prove that the often-made assertion that you will not stand bv your own friends, is false. We appeal to you for support. Give us your support and we will give you a grand paper. Every member of the Alliance, and every Farmer, should make the suc cess of this paper HIS OWN INDI VIDUAL CONCERN. We want an agent in every Alliance in the North. Terms, Single Subscriptions $1.00 per year, invariably in adyance; or, Five yearly Subscriptions Four Dollars. Canvassers wanted. SEE OUR MAGNIFICENT PRE MIUM OFFER in our advertising columns. All kinds of Job Work Promptly and neatly executed at rea souable prices. Particular attention given to Alliance work. Address, Alliance Pub. Co Lincoln. Neb A .new Trinity. Church Howe, rp n r i -r rt J.OH1 .aiajors ana John b. btull are stumping Nemaha county together. Tom Majors has been considered heretofore half-way respectable. He has most of the time been in onnosition to Clmroh J. x Howe. In this campaign he is sand wiched between two of the vilest politi eal knaves in the country, and expects " to benefit by the association. ' A viler political trinity was never organized. If these men elect a treasurer the public funds of Nemaha county will be at the service of the corporations in the next state campaign. The people of Nemaha county know this well enough, and therefore will vote with their eyes open. Our Ships That Can Never Come In. Ob, wondrously fair are the Islands of Rest The islands we never have seen But we know they are smiling out there in the West, The! r valleys all glowl ng 1 n gree n. No cloud ever crosses their tropical sky. They know naught of sadness or sin, At rest in their harbor, all peacefully He Our ships that can never come in. There dwell thefair faces our fancies may see, With eyes of the tenderest blue, That come in our slumbers to you and to me. In dreams that can never come true. We joyfully greet them, nor wish they were here Midst earth's ceaseless sorrow and din. They are blissfully guarding the hopes that are dear Our ships that never come in. Manderson's Melancholy. Good-by, certificate, Good-by! i This parting brings a deep-born sigh. I never wanted you at all ; Still I'm regretting your recall. And to my mind the thought will come, Four thousand is a nice little sum. I've always had a gnawing fear I eouldrit read my title clear; Still, bad the public shut its eyes, I might have caught your pretty prize. I very frequently have pressed The inside pocket of my vest, And wished with tintings of despair I had the smn you called for there. Thoujh Tanner meant well, I confess He's made a rather sorry mess; And since this thing began I've feared My popularity is "queered." But Tanner's honest so is Ben We all of us are honest men. And thus I gladly let you go, Because the people will it so. No one our motives dare impeach. WE NEVER TAKE WHAT'S OUT OF REACH ! Chicago Herald. EDITORIAL. THE TAXATION OF FRANCHISES. Taxation on the Lines of Least Resist ance. While a surplus revenue is accumu lating iu the treasury it would not seem necessary to seek new points upon which to apply taxation. But it is de sirable to impose all taxes upon the lines oi least resistance that is upon lines wnere they will he least ielt as a burden by the people. The principle which seems to have become quite firm ly established of taxing a portion or all of the people for the benefit of another portion of them, through the tariff, is un-American, inasmuch as it is unequal in its operation. As it is stimulated by special interests it becomes unjust and oppressive; and the day will never come when a fair system of. taxation, which will bear equally upon all classes, can be evolved out of it. An income tax is advocated because it tends to place taxation upon those who are most able to bear it. But it cannot be fully commended as placing taxation equally upon all classes ac cording to their wealth and the protec tion they receive. When lines of resist ance are considered its objectionable teatures are at once seen, it is an odious and inquisitorial tax, and would cause immense friction in its collection. -me uwiav scneme 10 lay au laxes upon land values is under discussion If it would accomplish half that its ad vocates claim it ought to be adopted at once. lint it is not clear that it would do so. The tariff tax is imposed to nro- tect. The single land tax would be im A- JL posed to destroy private ownership of and. Both of these motives are for eign to the legitimate purpose of taxa tion. This is to raise a revenue for the actual necessary expenses of govern ment. The single land tax will prima rily transfer all taxation upon consump tion, and to that extent diffuse it equally through all classes. Under that system if a citizen could get along without consuming anything he could evade all . 1 - 1 i taxation, uniess ne happened to be a tiller of the soil. But as all taxes are paid out of current business and cur rent production, and not out of accu cumulated capital, ultimately the single tax would fall upon production. Car ried to its final analysis, it would rest upon .the actual producers of wealth from the soil. Hence this tax. instead of being levied upon lines of least re sistance, would impose an unusual aud unbearable burden in fact all the bur aen oi taxation upon one class, viz: the actual soil tillers. We . will not deny that the land be longs to the community, and that its value is created by the community, and that in an abstract sense it would be just for the community to confiscate this value, as the single-taxers propose. But there are other values which the ' com munity have created, the right of the community to which is undisputed, and which could be taxed, or retained and used for purposes of revenue, with per fect justice, and without radically chang ing long-established institutions. These values consist of franchises. The value ot franchises arises exactly as rent arises, Casper for member of congress, and in from aggregations of population and the state vote for John H. Ames for su their growing needs. The state of Illi- preme judge. If you cannot do this, ,nois affords one excellent example in the Illinois Central railroad of revenue uerivea irom a irancnise. isy the re- A J 11 teniion oi a small per cent oi the gross receipts of that road, Illinois is almost relieved from a state tax. There can be no tax devised that would diffuse its burden so equally and so imperceptibly over all classes of the people as a tax upon the gross receipts of railway, ex- press and telegraph companies. Like Mr. George's land tax, it would collect itself. : Unlike that tax. it would not ho. necessary to impose a great burden to gain a small revenue. Its extent couia be graduated according to need; and as business increased ks burden could be diminished. With the Henry George tax increase of values must increase the imposition. The purpose of the tax be ing to destroy speculative rent, the vol ume of the tax must all the time ad I vance as rent advances. But suppose, instead of relinquishing its own property, the public franchises, into the hands of corporations or indi viduals, and then taxing them, the com munity retains original possession and uses them for the purpose of defraying the expenses of the government. The city of Lincoln has granted that is given away franchises which, properly administered by the city government, w ould defray all its expenses, and in time lay out parks and adorn them, es tablish libraries and endow schools. These franchises go to enrich a few fa vored individuals, and build up monop olies which are grevious burdens. Cer tainly, with'all our boasted progress our ; methods are full of unreason, and far behind what our intelligence and our civilization demand. The same is true of the state and the nation. If they used their own wealth for the benefit of the whole people, instead of conferring it as a bounty upon special classes" much of the injustice of privilege would disappear, and the burden of taxation be lifted. HOW SHALL WE VOTES . This is the time of year when great solicitude is felt about the welfare of the farmers. In the opinion of most of professional politicians and all of the candidates, it is important that the farmers' interests should receive more looking after by our legislative solons, and that he is entitled to a much higher place in the government than he actu ally receives; and each one of these can didates and professionals is just the man to accord these high privileges if he can get the opportunity. And he will remain steadfast in that opinion until after election. But as a prelimi nary to entitle the farmer to this char itable consideration he must "stick by the party" and "vote the straight ticket." President Elliott, long a republican, then a. mugwump, and now declaring his adhesion to the democratic party, declares that every man should join one of two leading parties, and his failure to do so is evidence that he is without political convictions. -A fervid republi can county boss in southern Kansas de clared last week that a desertion of his political party wras as much a crime as a desertion of his colors in time of bat tle by a soldier. Both of these posi tions are radically wrong. With all men of honor adhesion to a party im plies acceptance of the rule of the ma jerity in, that party, and a support of the candidates and principles which have the approval of that majority. The man wrho remains in a party, and at the same time stabs its candidates and op poses its declarations, is a traitor in the house of his friends, and will receive the contempt he deserves. If corrupt men and bad counsels are approved by the majority, the only manner in which a self-respecting man can assert his manhood is by withdrawing from the party and opposing it until better coun sels prevail. Nearly all the corrupt practices, credit mobilier steals and vile judicial decis ions have been made possible by en forcing the dogma that men must vote the straight ticket, no matter if a yellowr dog was nominated. Per contra, every reform that has been accomplished, and every advance that has been made to wards a higher civilization and better political methods has been brought about by men who broke the shackles of party and repudiated the domination of the caucus. If the opposite principle nau prevailed L,oveiov would have re mained silent, and Wendell Phillips and Wm. Loyd Garrison been smothered beneath a party majority. .No. Xrue manhood and the sturdy independence that makes a free people demands the independent voter. JS'o man who is imbued with the spirit of a Hampden can subordinate his con science to a political caucus. J.ne approaching election oners a case peculiarly in point. The republican candidate for Supreme Judge is the creature of the railroad power of this state. Were he pure as the driven snow. and as deaf to the voice of corruption as the sphinx, no self-respecting citizen who is opposed to the domination of corporate power can give him his suf frage. Such men owe it to 1 themselves and to their state and county to rebuke the power that placed Mr. Norval in nomination. Though their rebuke may have no practical effect, they will at least preserve their own self-respect. In the Second district vote for C. D. abstain from voting, and then you will have no blood on your skirts. All Eights Reserved. Senator Stewart says that when the government DC" BCluw a qua.. sauuu w iu.u it ought to guarantee him enough water for irrigating purposes. So it had. Turn about is fair play, j That is what it has been doing in the case of franchises given to corporations I for the tast twentv vears. "SPLENDID FINANCIERING." "The New York money market has been a little tight. I , Notwithstanding Bradstreet's improving business, money on call has brought from 8 to 20 per cent of late. Mr. Secretary of the Treas ury went down to New York the other day, and just to ease the money market, bought seventeen mijljon dollars worth of bonds, for which he paid twenty mil lions of dollars. Every little whipper snapper of a machine paper in the country has been laading Mr. Windom j for this transaction. "What splendid j financiering," etc., etc. Let's see about it. In considering financial transactions it is proper to be gin at the beginning.- - If the purchase of seventeen million - dollars' worth of bonds for twenty million dollars would relieve a stringency, the leaving of the twenty millions in the hands of the peo ple would have prevented it, would it not? If this twenty million dollars had been left in the hands of the people, where it belonged, instead of paying seventeen million dollars of three per cent debt, it would have paid twenty million dollars of ten, per cent debt. The actual loss to the people in this brilliant financial transaction includes the three million bonus given to bond holders, and the unpaid 7 per cent on the unpaid .twenty millions of ten per cent debt, and amounts in all to about eight million dollarsdead loss. From the financiering that creates a stringency by locking up the people's money, and then relieves it by paying twenty per cent bonus on bonds on which the government has an option, - New Decision Bearing on the Beef Combine. The Iowa supreme court has just de cided a whiskey case in which the prin ciple embraced by the decision of the Minnesota court in regard to the beef inspection lawr is involved. The decis ion is that the constitutional right , of the United States government to regu late inter-state comme"ce ceases as soon as the goods reach their destination at which point the state Iniay at once take the goods out of the hands of the car rier and destroy them. This principle must apply to all goods as well as whis- key. It is in accord -'with common sense and sound principle! It is exactly in accord with the position we took a few weeks ago, when commenting on the Minnesota decision. " The opposite principle, which it was claimed by the Bee that the Minnesota: decision estab lished, would absolutely destroy every vestige of state power to regulate or prohibit the sale of any article, or to protect its citizens from adulterations and frauds. Under the Iowa decision an inspec tion of cattle on the hoof at the place of slaughter may be made legal, and the importation of dressed beef indirectly prohibited. While the state may not prohibit its importation, it has the un doubted right to regulate its sale, or prohibit it altogether if it so chooses. THE CURRENCY Q L ESTION. The prominence which leading pa pers are giving to the currency ques tion fully justifies the memorial on that subject which was issued by the State Alliance last winter. The position of this memorial wras that a large and con tinuous increase of population and pro duction demanded a corresponding in crease of money, the agency for ex changing products; and it showed that, instead of such increase a large decrease had taken place The bankers' convention at Kansas City practically admitted the truth of these propositions, and that the country had reached such a condition of pros tration from that cause that relief was sorely needed. But it did not possess smncient statesmansnip to lormuiate a plan of relief. The scheme that, was proposed by Mr, St. John, of retiring the greenbacks and increasing the sil ver coinage to four millions per month, has been rejected by the Central Execu tive Committee So, this great combination of bankers these men of "brains" who, with their money, rule this country these men who have fought silver, and by their policy of contraction have brought the country to the verge of ruin meet in convention and fail to offer the country any plan of relief. . The Bee, in an article on "silver and greenbacks," in its issue of the 21st, makes some statements which. Avhile fully in accord with the Alliance me morial, will strike the average gold-bug as rather startling. Speaking of the proposed retirement of the greenbacks, it says, - in the nrst piace it is not nec essary to an improvement of our cur rency to do so, and in the second place the legal tender notes are a part of the circulation which costs the people NOTHING, AND IS EQUALLY SAFE AND SER VICEABLE WITH THE OTHER PART OF TnE circulation." The Bee goes on to say that there is no good reason Avhy the legal tender notes should be retired to give piace to anotner iorm of currency T .1 l which would increase the taxes of the people. 4 This is exactly the greenback people on ground of the this question Thfi. ft h1imir.0d o,i t.aw million doUars of greenbacks supposed to be in existence. They cannot be re tired without a law by congress author lzmg it. No one wants them redeemed, as it is called. The people prefer them to gold. In fact they redeem gold with them every day, if exchanging gold for them is redeeming it. And yet su preme folly the government exchanged its interest-bearing bonds for one hun dred million dollars of gold, as a green back redemption fund, and holds that gold locked up in- the treasury idle, while all industry is languishing for it. If the Bee would progress just a little further, and advocate the release of gold from its idle imprisonment, it would show considerable intelligence. The Bee truly says: "It is necessary to material progress and to the prosperity of the masses of the people that enterprise shall not be checked and curtailed by a contraction of the currency, and the next congress will have no more important matter to consider than that of providing against any reduction in the volume ofthe cur rency." This is all right as far as it goes. But we invite the attention of the Bee to the fact that an enormous contraction, both absolute and relative to production and population, has already taken place, and has nearly throttled all legitimate industry. This contraction must not only be. stopped; but a corresponding expansion take place, to restore pros perity and do justice to the producing masses. RIDING WITH A JUDGE. Monday evening last we had a oosy ride with a district judge. He is a genial gentleman, with a high sense of probity and honor. The conductor came along, and we contributed our paste-board, bought with cash. The judge looked up, the conductor asked his destination, made a memorandum, and passed along. The judge was riding on a pass. This pass is worth to the judge probably . . . i 1 i -a about $300 a year, or upward. .Now we now that judge pretty well, and it is our opinion that if we had a case in his court, and should put $300 in ah envel ope and hand it to him, marked "com plimentary," we would very speedily get into jail. But the other fellow the corporation probably has a case in his court every term. And the sheriff who serves the process, the clerk who makes the docket, the reporter who makes the ecords, all have that little "compli mentary" $300. Add the juror, the as sessor, the legislator, each during his term, and every other business and pro- essional man In the community "bend ng the supple knee" to that artificial person the corporation suing for the same favor. Is it any wonder that the moral sense of the community is blunt ed, and moral standards lowered, when these' tHings are permitted? . KANSAS STATE ALLIANCE. The Kansas State Alliance held its an nual meeting at Topeka, Oct. 2d. One iiundred and thirteen delegates were present. The secretary's report shows the Alliance to be in a very flourishing condition. He says: "The outlook for the Alliance in Kan sas is very encouraging indeed, Since our former report one hundred and forty-five new Alliances have been char tered, and county organizations have been effected in Morris, Bourbon, Otta wa, Norton, Phillips, Rawlins and Chey enne counties; and many other coun ties will organize soon. Our members in many places are reaching out for sub stantial benefits, and co-operative asso ciations and joint stock companies have been formed, and business operations begun. , The state meeting adopted some ring ing resolutions. Among them was one in favor of the Australian voting sys tem. The officers for the ensuing year are, President, I. M. Morris, White City; Secretary, T. J. McLain, Peabody. The delegates to St. Louis are, Pres't I. M. Morris, Secretary T. J. McLain, Dr. G. Rohrer, of Chase; Col. Percy Daniels, of Girard; and Henry Shapcott, of V ellington. The delegates were instructed to fa vor the union of the .Northern and Southern Alliances. SUBSIDIES.,. It would be supposed that a confer ence of all the American states to pro mote trade relations would propose some scheme to remove restrictions upon trade. If there was some natural barrier between this country and South America plans would be suggested to remove it. But as God has established a free water way between them, arti ficial barriers in the form of import du ties have been established, which are as effectual restrictions upon trade as a chain of mountains or an impassable river. And now, instead of removing these unnatural restrictions,and letting trade establish itself, the restrictions are to be preserved, and men induced to surmount them by bounties and subsidies. ; Having taxed commerce to death by a 45 per cent tariff, Jim Blaine proposes to resuscitate it by more tax ation. No comment necessary. Farmers Meeting at Weeping Water, A meeting of the farmers of Cass Co. will be held at Weeping Water on Sat urday, Oct. 26, at 2 o'clock P. MM under the auspices of the Cass County Alli ance. Hon. C. H. Van Wyck and J Burrows will address the meeting. We are informed that a large turn out is expected. . The Lincoln Call (rep.) says, "The grand old party is a grand old fraud i it allows such cheap tools as Norval and Laws to be its favored sons." EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE. Winfield, Kansas, Oct: 19, 1889. In response to an invitation from the Cowley County Alliance I left Lincoln Friday morning last to meet with that Alliance here this afternoon. Crossing the state of Kansas from north to south, m a V or vice versa, is a devious tasK, wincn l will not undertake again until the Gulf harbor is completed, whei time cards will be arranged for connections north and south as well as east and west. Be tween Lincoln and Winfield there were four lay-offs, making vexatious delays, viz: at Manhattan, Abilene, strong uy and Newton. ' A zigzag route. Long before reaching Winfield I felt like the old time fox of Kinderhook, didn't know whether I was going on or coming back. But I reached Winfield at last, and found a beautiful little city of fiye or a .m 1i j1 11 six thousand people, built or tne ngni limestone rock common in that part of Kansas! (The city, not the people, built of the rock, I mean.) Broad streets, electric lights, street railways, three great railroads, a surrounding country of unsurpassed fertility all it needs to abound in wealth is a system of irrigation to make it independent of hot winds and brassy skies, and an im proved financial system whichy will make good prices for products. Trade is dull, extremely dull, the weight of debt, forced by low prices and .several years of bad crops, bears heavilj upon the people of this region, as on other re gions where the same conditions exist. But in spite of the load the Kansas farm ers are struggling under, that villianous little devil Jay Gould is in thirstate making propositions for more bonuses for railroad . improvements. At . Fort Scott he wanted right of way through one of their streets, and right of way or a belt line around the city, and one mndred and fifty thousand dollars bo nus, tor which he would make a new connection and build, or let some one j else build, the belt line. When his sa- anship wants to make a trip out west le just picks up one or two such schemes to pay the expenses of his party, and scoop in a few hundred thousand in ad dition. And the poor deluded town boomers fall into his trap, and load their town with bonds so that high rents and axes more than neutralize the doubtful benefit of new railroads. At Winfield I found a large gathering of Cowley county farmers, with their wives and daughters, all members of the Alliance. There were many from neighboring counties also.. President B. i. Clover, of the State Alliance, was present, and presided at the meeting, and the pleasant beaming face of Mrs. Clover added pleasure to the occasion. An unexpected pleasure also awaited me in the meeting with Hon. Ben. Terrell, National Lecturer of the South ern jurisdiction. This gentleman had come straight across the country from North Caaolina to attend this meeting and others in Kansas. He is a man of medium height, with blue eyes and sandy complexion, and a pleasing and cordial address. He was moulded ex actly lor a national lecturer, lie is a most admirable talker, clear, cogent, smiling, humorous. He meets the farm ers on their own level, and pleases, con vinces and instructs them. His whole soul is in the Alliance work, and good will result from his labors wherever he goes. I look forward to the time when he will make a tour of Nebraska. I have never met a more intelligent audience than at Winfield. These Alii ance men and women understand the situation, and fully realize that they must pool their issues and stand together for their interests, unless they would be come entirely subordinated to the inter ests of other combinations. Mr. Terrell made an instructive lec ture in the forenoon. In the afternoon Mr. Burrows spoke, followed by a brief address from Mr. Terrell. All these people are looking forward with great hope to the St. Louis meet ing, when they expect to see the North era and southern Alliances joined in one body. In the southern half of Kansas fal rains have been plenty; the winter w neat is most sown, and much oi it is up and looking fine. J. B A Cereal Mill at St. Joe Over the Left. The manufacturers of cereal pro ducts, such as hominy, pearl barley cracked wheat, etc., apaear to have a trust. A friend informs us that a pri vate enterprise for making these pro ducts was formed at St. Joe. This would be a nice thing for the town and a nice thing for the farmers. When the building was about ready for the machinery jt was found that its manu facturers had been absorbed by a trust No machinery was to be had iu the country. Well, they would go to Scot land for machinery, though it was not as good as the American. But on ex amining into this matter it was found that there was a duty of 80 per cent on such machinery. The building at St Joe is rotting, the labor it would have employed is idle, the farmers have lost their market, and the capitalists have lost their money. Tally, one for the trust and tariff. "LADIES' PREMIUMS. ' We invite attention to our Specia Premiums for ladies. See advertising columns. Corporation-Republican Lying. uThe democrats of Iowa fixed up a little plot with a recent president of the state farmers' alliance to raid the reputation of Senator Hutchinson, the republican candidate for governor. The republicans however nipped the scheme in the bud. They produced document ary evidence showing that the ex-president had within a few weeks strongly en dorsed Hutchinson as the friend of the farmers and all that could be desired, and they made the fact of his purchase by the democrats so patent that he and his allies are covered with general con tempt as with a garment." The lying effrontery of the above from that brass-collared sheet the Lin coln Jouanal is only equalled by the depth of its ignorance about the Iowa Alliance. The Alliance of Iowa, like that of Nebraska; is a non-par tizan body. Its support of or opposition to a candidate is based solely upon his rec ord as a friend of the farmers, or other wise, and his personal fitness for posi-. tion, and not at-all upon his party affili ations. The railroads of Iowa defeated Gov. Larrabee in convention, and nom inated Mr. Hutchinson. Investigation of the latter's record showed that through all his public career he had been a facile, though obscure, tool of the corporations. Mr. Ashby, never a president, but now and for some time past, state lecturer of the Iowa Al liance, published this record, and ad yised the members of the Alliance to defeat Mr. Hutchinson; and defeated he will be. The railroad organs have no resource in the truth; so they are covering Mr. Ashby with abuse, and spreading the a a tm m 1 J 1 A . 11 A. vile taiseuooa uiai ne nas ueen wouguv by the democrats. In other words. they appeal to the partisan tie and party fidelity to save their caudidate, in a con test in which no partisan issue is at stake, but where the fight lies solely be- ween the corporations and the people. Will the people be hoodwinked any long- by this kind of stuffy These lying Railroad-republican vil- ains can rest assured mat tne Mate Alliance of Iowa is back of its State ecturer; and they had better pull Mr. Hutchinson off the track, and put a reputable man in his place; for salt petre won't save him. Snoirr of Cars. A Chicago dis patch of Oct. 21 says: "A careful canvas failed, to-day, to find a solitary Chicago road, bound in any direction, which was itot com plaining of a scarcity of cars. The least shortage was 500 cars on any line, and the Pennsylvania was 2,500 short.' In view of the fact that the grain re ceipts last week were over 3,000 tons short of the receipts for the corre sponding week of 1888, and the gross receipts at Chicago almost exactly the same, this shortage of cars would seem remarkable. It proves that railroad officials are interested in buying grain , and that they are in a conspiracy to force the price still lower. They know that the farmers cannot haul their their grain to Chicago in wagons, and the take this method to glut the eleva tors and make money scarcer, so as to buy the grain at still lower prices. And every paper that helps spread this lie about the scarcity of cars is either the willing tool or ignorant dupe of these plundering operators. HOW TO ORGANIZE. The following from the Iowa Home stead is exactly applicable to Nebraska. Therefore we adopt it, and recommend action in accordance with it. A great many Alliances should be organized before the winter sets in. The counties that have county "Alliances should at once put an active, energetic man, who is enthusiastic for the Al liance, Id to the field as county organizer. The local Alliances should always have their eyes open to find favorable local ities in which to organize new Alliances es. When they find such a neighbor hood they should appoint a committee to arrange the time and place for the meeting, and should instruct the com mittee to call the meeting and prop erly notify those living in the locality. If there be a county organizer, he should be notified of the meeting and invited to be present Mid help in the work of organizing. But no locality should wait to be orgrnized. Let the man who feels an interest in having a good, live farm organization in his neighborhood call a meeting for the purpose of organ izing. Then let him send to the State Secretary for constitution, blank appli cations, etc. If there be an Alliance near enough invite some of the mem bers to assist,orif there be a county or ganizer, send an invitation for him to be present. But do not wait for anyone. Go ahead. Elect a chairman and sec retary as temporary officers. Have the constitution read and such other litera ture as you mav have bearing upon the organization. Call upon those present for a brief disscussionof the benefits of organizing, and the advisability of or ganizing then and there. Then let the secretary enroll those who will become charter members. If sufficient names be obtained to secure a charter, proceed to elect officers, chooe a name, and fill out the application according to the blank. Adopt the State and local con stutition by a vote. Appoint such a com mittees as may be needed. There is no civil township in Iowa where an Alli ance should not succeed, and succeed well. Where an Alliance succeeds it means a bettering of farm conditions iu every line. Therefore organize. It is said that natural gas has; been discovered at Chicago. Probably the World's Fair Correspondence Commit tee has sprung a leak.