The alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1889, October 19, 1889, Image 1

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NO. 18.
VAT. T '
Lincoln, - - - Nebraska.
: . Editor.
Associate Editor.
All communications the pair shmild
be addressed to THE ALLIANCE PUBLISH
ING CX)., aud all matters pertaining to ' the
Farmers' Alliance, includitg subscriptions to
the paper, to the Secretary.
Notice to Subscribers. ,
Af the easiest and cheapest means of noti
ly' subscribers of the date of their expira
tf we will mark this notice with a blue or
which their sub
'lAtlrtn ornlrwi. We Will Send
. fi 4. u si Haro sir
the paper
Ark ivnnlra oftor OTDl ratlOIl.
f. M u hi ..mj-- -
If not renewed
y that time n win uwwinuiuw
. ... . . tiii.A Ifinnntlnliafl
The Alliance!
Magnificent Premiums !
TnE Alliance has been started as
the official organ of the Nebraska State
Fanners' Alliance. It has already
taken a high place among the papers
of the country, and is gaining patron
age which promises to make itabril
liant success.
It will be conducted SOLELY IN
its Editor, is President of the National
Farmers' Alliance, and Chairman. of
the Executive Committee of the Farm
ers' State Alliance. He has had long
-xrerience in newspaper Avork. He
fr -mt
will bring to his aid able men in differ
ent spheres of thought, and will make
The Alliance one of the ablest pa
pers in the west.
The Alliance will be absolutely
h. in the discussion of all public ques
tions. .Its publishers will accept no
, patronage from corporations that will
embarrass their free expression of
opinion upon all topics. NO MONEY
THE ALLIANCE will be round in
the front ranks of the opposition to all
trusts and combinations to throttle com
petition, and extort from the producers
and laborers the lion's sharejof the fruits
of their toil.
Y e snail advocate the tree coinage
x of silver the same as gold, and its re
storation to its old time place in our
The issue of all paper money direc
to tiie people on land, security, and an
increase of its volume proportioned to
increased production ana population;
' Government ownership of railroads;
The U. S. postal telegraph;
The restriction of land ownership to
the users of land, and its reasonable
The exclusion of alien landlords;
The election of U. S. Senators by a
direct vote of the people;
And all other reforms which will
inure to the benefit of the Farmers
and Workingmen.
was the first man to officially propose
the union of the Northern and South
ern Alliances into one body; and the
first to propose the formation of a Na
tional Business Coramittee,which prom-
ises to develop into one of the largest
co-operative enterprises in the world.
Now Brother Farmers and Working
men, it remains for you to prove that
the often-made assertion that you will
not stand bv your own friends, is false.
W e appeal to you for support. Give
tfs your support and we will give you a
grand paper.
Every member of the Alliance, and
every Farmer, should make the suc
cess of this paper HIS OWN INDI
we want an agent in every Alliance
m the North.
Terms, Single Subscriptions S1.00 per
year, invariably in advance; or, Five
yearly Subscriptions Four Dollars.
Canvassers wanted.
MIUM OFFER in our advertising
All kinds of Job Work
Promptly and neatly executed at rea
sonable prices. Particular attention
given to Alliance work.
Address, Alliance Pub. Co..
Lincoln, Neb.
The Railroads Know Their Men.
The Hastings Nebraskan admits that
the railroads secured Judge Norval's ordinary political procedure. "In the
nomination, but intimates that that fact ' name of the people," for "Union" we
will not influence .his judicial action, j now give . the corporation devils who
Well, if it does not his human nature is are usurping power in this state grim
tafterent from most men's. It is well , warning, that a force is now marshall
cnough to remember that the history of ing which may storm the doors, , and as
tne railroads in politics show very few , surae the chair, of their next convention,
mistakes in the choice of men. (The word will be "MARCH!"
The Autumn Scene.
Within the sober realm of leafless trees,
The russet year inhaled the dreamy air,
Like some tanned reaper in his hour of ease.
When all the fields are lyingr brown and bare.
The irray uarns looking- from their hazy hills,
O'er the dim waters widening In the vales,
Sent down the air a greeting: to the mills,
On the dull thunder of alternate flails.
All sights were mellowed, and all sounds sub
The hills seemed further and the streams
sang- low;
As in a dream the distant woodman hewed
His winter log- with many a muffled blow.
The embattled forests,erowhile armed in gold.
Their banners bright with every mart ial hue,
Now stood like some sad beaten host of old,
Withdrawn afar in Time's remotest blue.
On slumb'rous wings the vulture tried its
The dove scarce heard his sighing mate's
And like a star, slow drowning in the light.
The village church vane seemed to pale and
faint. . " " '
The sentinel cock upon his hill-side crew,
Crew thrice, and all was stiller than before-
Silent, till some replying wanderer blew
His alien horn, and then was heard no more.
Where erst the jay within the elm's tall crest
Made garrulous trouble round her unfledged
And where the oriole hung her swaying nest.
By every light wind like a censer swung;
Where sang the noisy mason of the eaves,
The busy swallows circling ever near,
Foreboding, as the rustic mind believes,
An early harveit, and a plenteous year.
Where every bird which charmed the vernal
Shook the sweet slumber from its wings at
To wcrn the reapers of the rosy east,
iVll now was song-less, empty and forlorn.
Alone from out the stubble piped the quail,
And croaked the crow through all the
dreamy gloom;
Alone the pheasant, drumming in the vale,
Made echo to the distant cottage loom. ,
There was no bud, no bloom upon the bowers.
The spiders wove their thin shrouds night
by night;
The thistle-down, the only ghost of flowers,
Sailed slowly by passed noiseless out of
Amid all this in the most cheerless air,
And where the woodbine sheds upon the
Its crimson leaves, as if the year stood there,
Firing the floor with his inverted torch
Amid all this, the centre of the scene,
The white-haired matron with monotonous
Plied the swift wheel, and with her joyless
Sat like a Fate, and watched the flying
thread. ,
She had known sorrow. He had walked with
Oft supped and broke with her the ashen
And in the dead leaves still she heard the stir
Of his black mantle trailing in the dust.
While yefc her cheek was bright with summer
Her country summoned, and she gave her
And twice war bowed to her his sable plume,
He-gave th3 swords to rest upon the wall.
Kegave the swords but not the hand that
And struck for liberty the dying blow ;
Nor himwho, to his sire and country true,
Fell mid the ranks of the invading foe.
Long, but not loud, the droning wheel went on,
Like the low murmurs of a hive at noon;
Long, but not loud, tne memory of the gone
Breathed through her lips a sad and trem
ulous tune.
At last the thread was snapped, her head was
Life dropped the distaff through his hand
ind loving neighbors smoothed her careful
While death and Winter closed the Autumn
The push of the west and the lack o
it in the east is fairly illustrated in the
rivalry between Chicago and New York
for the World's Fair. It can hardly be
called a rivalry, in fact. New York has
done scarcely anything has just agreed
upon "a basis for a plan," and conclu
ded if congress will give her the fair
she will start in to raise the money.
Chicago has got nearly $8,000,000 sub
scribed, and no appeals to congress for
help. The "long haul" is' hurting New
York just now. New York and Boston
capitalists are deeply interested in road
which run to Chicago. And so are Phil
adelphiaris. These two places will pro
bably be soon actively advocating the
claims of the Queen City of the west.
Romance on the Road. A modern
Dick Turpin is at large In Minnesota
His real life is full of romantic adven
tures; and when he holds up a stage
coach of passengers he treats the ladies
with distinguished politeness. He was
captured a short time ago and well
jailed; but he courted the jailer's wife
and eloped with her, she furnishing the
keys. "Love laughs at bolts and bars,"
and sheriffs, too, it appears. Will
she turn road agent, too? If we're
bound to be robbed let's go to Minne
sota. '
The convention which nominated
Mr. Norval was a revolutionai-y bod v.
The methods bv which it was eonstitn-
' ted are unknown to law. and outside, of
At the Second district congressional
convention held at Hastings last Tues
day, Mr. Laws was, after a brief strug
gle, nominated for congress.
We record this fact with feelings of
profound sorrow. No excited or fever
ish declamation no mere denunciation
of the aggressions of railroad corpora
tions can adequately express those
feelings. Nor does the question of Mr.
Laws' personal character have much to
o with the matter. He may be a cour
teous gentleman, fully mindful of his
obligations as a man towards his fellow
men, and still that would make no dif-
erence. The pregnant, prominent fact
stands out in all its nakedness, that a
corporation, an artificial creation of the
with an undying existence, with
no soul and no patriotism, and with
greed for gold and power, unlimited by
no known law of human action, steps
into the political arena with the people
who created it, and within a week dic
tates to them who shall wear the judi
cial ermine in their highest court, and
who shall sit in the highest place among
their makers of laws. The people of
the Second district have never yet been
represented in congress. And under
the present order of things it does not
seem that they ever will be. And what
ever else Mr. Laws may do whatever
aid he may extend to the old soldier el
ement, or to this individual or that, in
the way of special relief or special law
it is undoubtedly true that his best
efforts will be jriven to maintaining the
present order of things as they are.
This will be true all along the line
This will embrace the present order in
finance as well as the pi'esent order ir
railroad domination, for these two pow
ere are in full sympathy with each oth-
Eaeh of them is keeping the mass
es in subordination to the classes. Each
of them is wringing from the farmers
and laboring men the last dollar that
can, be extorted, without killing produc
tion. Mr. Laws is the creature of one
of these powers; and he would be less
than human is he did not stay by and
serve his creator.
With the hungry wolf licking his bloody
chaps before almost every door with
chattel mortgage sales of almost daily
occurrence in all our principal towns
with the best bushel of potatoes, the
best calf and the best colt laid daily on
the altar of the usurer's claims these
powers of money, these creatures of the
people, these insatiable corporations,
step into our conventions and seize the
sacred ermine and the law-giver's power
solely in order to stifle future legisla
tion, and hold their gripe upon the
purses of the people. The ballot-box
is the people's sacred ark of the covenant
of God. Its seizure bv these powers
means its destruction. Mere thieves
might be let off by society with only
mild condemnation, and no great harm
be done. Buccaneers and pirates might
foil the clhtches of the law, and society
be only temporarily the worse. . But
when pirates and buccaneers seize the
very source of the law and the very
fountain-head of justice, with the fell
design of perverting them to their own
uses and maintaining themselves in
power, Liberty must cover her face with
her mantle to hide her tears, and the
last hope of the people sinks in a som
bre cloud. O, for a pen of fire, that we
might write words that would burn in
to the people's hearts, to warn them of
the danger and the loss that threatens
The question is not now, "Watchman,
what of the night?" It is, "Watchman;
what ot the morrow!" Ve dare-not
nope that society is merely passing
through a period of ngly transition, out
of which it will come rejuvenated and
regenerated. The fearful evil has its
roots deep down in our social organism.
Public opinion is not only dormant and
inactive, but it is morally cankered and
diseased. It worships success and lies
prone before gold.
- One ray of light is left us in the belief
that our present political machinery af
fords no adequatp avenue for the fair
expression of public opinion, but that it
furnishes instead an effective mean3 to
outrage and misrepresent it ; and one
ray of hope beams in the belief that the
new secret ballot system may partially
or wholly reform this defect.
But in whatever light we view it, the
melancholy fact remains that modern
society has created a 'class of artificial
beings who are to-day tne autocrats or
their creators. Through all the strug
gle of the past fifteen years this auto
cracy has lost no power. Our republi
can forms give it advantages which it
could have under no other form of gov
ernment; and with these advantages it is
rapidly developing conditions wrhich
will ultimately make republican govern
ment impossible. The people, having no
faith in the men they are habitually
electing to power, are also losing faith
in themselves. Anathv is taking the
. . ' . Jin
vt 'g"c
torpor prevailing where energy should
be more energetic. Faith in men, and
belief in the honest integrity and single
ness of purpose which is the only real
basis of a representative government, is
eing surely destroyed by the influence
- n
of corporations and class interests.
Were these things not so,' the commu
nity would fix a brand of shame upon
the brow of every man who has had a
guilty share in the free pass bribery and
infamous sale of votes that has taken
place in this state in the past three
weeks. -
People, "what are you going to do
about it?" " Watchman j what of the
morrow?" :
"Proclaim the truth that there is some
thing mightier in this land than mon
ey," said Rev. Mr. Brobst' in his pulpit
in Chicago last Sunday. ;
Well, what is it? Is it love? Love is
the strongest passion of the human
heart. But in these modern days love
is subordinated to money, with occa
sional rare exceptions. What is it that
men seek from the rising to the going
down of the sun? Money; What is it
for which they delve and dig and labor,
and lie and cheat and betray? Money.
What is it that commands the entree of
the best society? covers j the sins and
squalor of bad ancestry? hides ignorr
ance and stupidity? gilds crime with a
goldenhalo? makes villiany respecta
Die, and puts mediocrity on tne same
throne with genius? Money. What is it
that gives leisure to successful toil, and
leads civilization ever upward to yet no
bier heights? Money. What is it that sits
enthroned in the modern temples of so
called worship? what that enables men
who daily prey upon hefr fellow-men
like blood-sucking vampires, one day
out of seven to pretend Avith mock hu
mihty to pray before the Throne of
Grace without being thrown into the
street? Money! money! monevl What
is it that destroys the ballot, buys legis
ation, corrupts judges, rules labor and
robs Industry? Money.
No, my dear Reverend Brobst, there
is nothing to-day on this God's footstool
so omnipresent, so powerful as money.
The love of God is subordinated to it
the church is dominated by it. Greed
and the love of money has done and is
doing more to dwarf and demoralize
and degrade human nature than all
other causes combined.
W e find it convenient to ride on the
A. & N. occasionally, going south from
Lincoln. We went down on a freight
train a few days ago, and being delayed
about an hour above Firth, we took oc-
casion to walk out on the track. Large
numbers of the ties were so rotten that
no spikes held. We were simply amazed
that a company would be so reckless as
to run passenger trains over such a
roati. ivionuay last Ave came up on a
passenger train. Over this same bad
ti-ack the engineer put on a fearful
spurt. Counting ten rods betAveen the
telegraph poles, Ave ran for a short dis-
tance at tne rate oi nity-nve-miles -an
hour. We are alive and well, and reas
onably happy; but aac are not indebted
to the B. & M. for either, and Ave look
foi an accident on that strip of road.
Deserted Farms in New England.
. Ncav Hampshire and Connecticut have
appointed Commissioners of ..Immigra
tion to bring settlers within their borders.
Mr. Batchelder, the commissioner of
NeAV Hampshire, issued a circular mak-
ing inquiries as to deserted larms on
Avhich are comfortable buildings. He
has received replies from 160 towns, re
porting 887 deserted farms.
lsn t the above a very peculiar state
of affairs. It's a great manufacturing
country doAvn there. There's a pro
tectiA e tariff of over 40 percent in force.
The tariff is laid to create that paradise
for the farmer, a home market. But
right at the doors of the factories the
farms with "comfortable buildings" are
being abandoned at this terrible rate.
Is it just possible that the tariff don't
protect the farmer? ,
A Mule lias a Colt.
The Cheyenne Leader says that a mare
mule at the ranch of County Commission
er uyer has grven birth to a colt. This
is a remarkable phenomeon, but stran
ger things haA-e happened. The repub
lican party has just giA en birth to two
mule colts, the paternity of Avhich may
be shared equaly between the U. P. and
15. k M. railroads. The dam f cniKid
erably sick, but the colts are alive and
kicking, and the dads are jubilant.
Under the above caption the Bee al
ludes to a proposed convention of the
wheat growers of the Mississippi valley
to be held at St. Louis on Oct. 23rd.
The Bee treats this as a matter of much
consequence, and says among other
things that "it is practically the first at
tempt of those engaged in purely agri
cultural pursuits to control or regulate
the price of their products."
For the information of the Bee we
wish to say that the farmers who called
this wheat growers convention do their
farming in commission brokers ottices
St. Louis. The movement has not
had the endorsement or sanction of any
society cf actual farmers, and the con-
vention will be about as fairly repre
sentative of the farmers of the west and
northwest as was Whitelaw Reed's con
vention of American farmers held in the
Tribune tower during last fall's cam
paign. The Alliance, which is the largest
farmers' society in the country, and
fully up to the times in all matters re:
lating to farmers' interests, has never
approved of any step to monopolize any
line of production or of business, nor of
any attemp to form a trust or arbitrari
ly control prices. The Bee is right in
saying that all such efforts will fail, and
The Alliance wishes to add, that they
ought to: It is an abnormal and un
fortunate condition when industries and
trades find it necessary to combine
against the balance of the community
to keep their heads above water. Such
combinations, when their success is pos
sible, nave precisely tne same enect as
special privileges granted by law. The
industrial situation, the low prices, the
depressed condition of every trade and
calling, is brought about by special legis
lation for one interest. Reform this
evil by the government issuing money
direct to the people, instead of to a class,
in quantity sufficient to raise prices to a
remunerative point, and all necessity
for these special combinations would
The Omaha World-Herald in its week
ly edition of Oct. 9, while discussing the
proposition of a labor paper to have the
Congressional Record placed within
reach of the people, so that the doings
of congress might be known to them,
ridicules farmers as follows :
"In the rural districts, where farming
journals and almanacs still form the
standard intellectual diet, the scheme
appears to have special merit. When
ever Farmer Jones happened to cro to
thepostomce tor the Weekly Uorn Urib
... . ... . . C5
or the shanghai Manual," &c, dec.
un tne same day the above met our
eye we received a private letter from
the "agricultural department" of the
World-Herald, saying they had added
an agricultural department, antl that
they proposed to "advocate the farmers
cause," etc., etc., and asking us to fur
nish "the address of the various Alii
ance organizations, so we can get in
correspondence with them."
We respectfully decline. The Herald
is mostly made up of cheap patent trash,
with illustrations that would frighten a
wimi-mui; antl we don t think it is any
improvement on the "a manacs" Avhich
"still form the farmers1 standard intel
lectual diet." The interest of the Her
ald and all other papers of its ilk in the
the farmers' cause, is measured by the
number of farmers' dollars they can get
on subscriptions. Besides, we do not
forget, that the Herald was the Omaha
which refused to publish the
State Alliance Memorial last winter.
even Avhen offered pay to do so;nor that
it denounced Mr. Burrows as its author
in its editorial columns. Farmers, pat
ronize your own papers.
B. & M. Cattle Feeding. Some of
the brass-collared editors in Gage coun
ty are in ecstacies because the' B. & M.
has brought seAeral hundred head of
cattle into that county, and -propose to
feed them there, antl then sell them on
the market. Well, the B. & M. can do
that business at a great advantage over
an ordinaiy farmer. First, if thejr can't
buy corn cheap enough in Gage ;ounty
they can ship it in over their OAvn road.
Second, they can ship their cattle to
marnet over tneir own road, oo, as a
matter-of-fact, the farmers of Gage
county Avill be just noAA here in competi
tion AA'ith this neAV corporation farmer.
The B. & M. having recently demon-
ttrated that it can entirely distance the
people in running the politics of the
state, it is perhaps fitting that it should
turn its attention to farming and other
branches of industry. When it gets
corn low enough to suit it, antl controls
the feeding of cattle, it might go into
dry goods, hardware, furnishing goods,
etc., etc. It is just as proper for a rail
road corporation to eneaffe in one of
these as the other. The B. & M. OAvns
an interest in most of the eleA'ators, and
controls the columns of most of the
newspapers. It has not yet set up as an
undertaker; but the people's liberties
will soon be ready for burial, when it
can monopolize that branch of trade
Our old time friend, Hon. Wm. Daily,
for many years a noted breeder of Short
Horns at Peru, in Nemaha Co. has en
tered into the LiA e Stock Commission
business at South Omaha. Mr. Daily
knoAVS all about cattle and other live
stock, and his Well-known probity antl
-1 Vnrrh.
very desirable one to deal with; See
I their card in another column.
The Sage of Tiskilwa passes away after
a Tedious Illness of three years.
With feelings of profound grief we
earn of the death of Hon. L. D. Whit
ing, of Illinois. .Our acquaintance with
lim began at the Minneapolis meeting
of the National Alliance about two
years ago. He was a leading actor in
that meeting,' and was elected Vice-
President of the National Alliance for
the ensuing terms. Subsequently we
had much intercourse with him, ami
earned to implicitly rely on his unfail
ing good judgment. So pass away the
older generation. The world is better
and wiser for their having lived in it.
Long may his memory be cherished,
and his wise counsels followed.
We copy the following notice of his
life from the Chicago Herald:
Ex-State Senator Dow Whiting died
at his home in Tiskilwa this morning.
He had been failing in health v for two
or three years, his trouble being con
sumption of the blood. Senator Whit
ing was a prominent hgure in Illinois
politics for nearly forty years. He was
tiusiuu. uv-uw-uauiui wwn ijut-u, me
famous free soiler, and when Lincoln
made his first race for the presidency
Mr. Whiting was one of his ablest coun
selors. He drafted the constituton of
the first republican platform adopted in
Bureau County, and he was elected to
the legislatures of 1869 and 1871, the
constitutional convention of 1870, and
followed these with three terms, or 12
years, in the state senate, lie was an
anti-monopolist republican during the
entire period of his public career, but
supported Cleveland through his tariff
reform tendencies in the last election.
It was he who nominated John A. Log
an for the United States senate the first
time the famous volunteer leader sought
the honor from the legislature, lie was
originally a free soiler, and in 1818
he supported Van Buren. In 1852 he
joined Pierce's standard, and two 3rears
later he carried the anti-Nebraska party
into the republican party. He was a
warm admirer of ex-Pesident Cleve
land's administration, and once he said
that Mr. Cleveland's position on the
tariff raised him above partnership.
The Whiting homestead is situated
near a romantic spot known as Rocky
Run. Mr. Whiting first saw the place
nearly fifty years ago, when with a com
pany of men led by Owen Lovcjoy he
1.1 1. . M
roue through the run in pursuit oi a
band of Indians t hat had murdered Love
joy's brother. The beauty of the. spot
pleased Mr. Whiting's artistic eye, and
it has been his home ever since. One
of his sons is principal of an-Iowa nor
mal school ; another. Herbert, is a res
ident of Tiskilwa. His daughter, Lil
lian Whiting, is tho talented literary ed
itor of the Boston Traveler, .' whose
gossipy letters from seaside resorts have
f 1 - i! TC tl'L.'i!
a Avuie circulation.. i.u.r. tv lining wits
a man of strong traits and no man ever
more f ully-en joyed the confidence and re
spect of his friends and neighbors than
he did. a or years he was a sciiooimaster mains nominally the same. This prin
in Bureau County, and all of his sons chile is applicable in all its rnmitiW.
and daughters were raised to' teach
school also. The senator's chief delight,
fiVRii whfiti his lnlirmities were erowdini?
upon him fast, was to go over the
mathematical problems that used to
make the heads of early-day pupils ache
His later-day classes generally consisted
of his children and grand-chiltlreil
Lancaster Co. Labor Ticket. On
Thursday of last week the laboring men
met in conA ention and nominated the
folloAAing ticket: .
For sheriff, Robert McCartney1; for
treasurer, O. Hull, of Greenwood; for
county judge, J. D. Calhoun; commis
sioner, J. Z. Briscoe; clerk, Mart Howe;
register of deeds, I. N. Leonard; sur
veyor, Adney Dobson; coroner, Dr. E.
Holyoke; superintendent," ReA'. J.
OliA er; justice of the peace of the peace
for the first district, S. J. Kent; second,
W. H. Snelling; third, M. L. Easterday;
constables, W. M. Decker and N. Eb-
erly. ;
The folloAving nominations Avere then
made for assessors:
1st Avard, Thomas Conley.
2nd AA-ard, Harry Stine.
3rd Avard, Fred Kent.
4th Avard, J. II. Kramer.
5th Avard, M. I. Aitkin. -
GtliAvard, J. Kimmerer.
The following Avere selected for the
central committee:
J. Fentimen, Chas. Waite, II. Holtz-
man, r . ii. lveighton, E. liaker, o. 11
Craddock C. C. Carpenter was named
for chairman.
lhe central committee Avere empow
ered to fill all A'acancies and select mem
bers of the central committee to repre
sent the county.
First Abolish Land Monoply:
By means of a graduated tax on ex
cessire noioings sufficiently nigh in
city or country to prevent land being
bought for spec illation, or permanently
held for rent. This would give all the
competent an opportunity to labor, se
cure homes and become better citizens.
Second "Supply Money at Cost."
By amending the law which now re
quires our Goverment to loan money to
bankers on bonds at one per cent, so
that loans on small landed estates s ty
to the extent of half their cash value
can be obtained at the same rate.
Third Supply Transportation at
By authorizing our Goverment to
gradually purchase the railroads and
manage them in the interest of the en
tire people, as the post office is now con
ducted. Goverment should bo author
ized to construct competing lines when
existing roads refuse to sell at what it
would cost to build and equip equally
good roads. Am. Liberty, Hampton.
Va. ,
A religious fair noAV in progress in this
city is selling chances in a raffle for a
prayer-book. This is a fitst-class miss
ionary scheme, and may - get .the book
into unaccustomed hands. Put up a bible
next time. But but isn't this neAV
business for the church? ...
Does Contraction of the Currency Low
Suppose for a moment that the coun
try could bo suddenly deprived of all
money and reduced to resort to tho
primitive method of exchanging pro-
ducts, viz: barter. v hat would be the
result! Wide-spread distress and ruin,
a backward movement in civilization, a
relapse toward barbarism.
If this would be true if all the medium
of exchange was destroyed, is It not
also truo in equal proportion if a part of
it is destroyed? Does not the same
principle operate through a partial les
sening of prices as would operato
through a total destruction of 'prices.
which would ensue in case all money
was destroyed? Manifestly yes.
A stock argument of tho gold bugs in
favor of contraction is that as the vol
ume of money is lessened its purchasing
power is increased, antl that this fact af-
fords a full compensation to socfety.
Aue iact is untieniabic. liy the con-
traction since the war
the purchasing
ing power of the dollar has been in
creased three-fold, to the enormous en
richment of tho class who thrive by tho
manipulation of money antl a corre
sponding impoverishment of all men
who live by the products of their lalor.
The vital point to all producers and
by this I mean all laborers, whether ag
ricultural, mechanical or unskilled is
not the purchasing power of money.
DUCTS, or in other words, prices.
Around this point revolves the wlmut
question. Labor is a fixed quantity.
ill 1 .1 mi l t i -
iikc ianti. xne nours oi cacn tiay are
limited antl our days are numU'red.
The cause which fixes the price of pro
ducts determines tho price of labor
and this I repeat is tho vital poiut for
Let us suppose tho case of the fanner
upon whose farm is a one thousand dol
lar . mortgage, drawing 10 per cent.
This interest he must pay by the sale of
products i. e., the sale of labor. Sup
pose he produces wheat, and tho price
i i.i .i ,
is $i per nusnei, it laKes one nuuuivu
bushels of wheat, or the labor required
to produce that amount of wheat to pay
one year s interest.
huppose wheat is only lift v cents per
bushel, it now takes two hundred bush
els of wheat, or the labor required to
produce two hundred bushels to pay
one year's interest. The question of
price is undeniably the vital point in
this case to all parties. To the farmer
it determines the cost to him of bor
rowed money to the banker it deter
mines tho value of his income from in
terest. Diminishing the price of wheat, as
supposed in this case, has doubled tho
value of the banker's mortcaee ami
haired the ralne of the farmer's labor
and land, though the rate of interest re-
tions, antl applicable to all labor alike
When, by loAvering the price of tho
farmers' products, the farmer is hin
dered from building the barn, as sup
posed in my first article, antl demand to
that extent is clogged, the effect
on labor other than agricultural is
Juite as disastrous as upon the farmer,
t remains unemplovetl, or 'employed
only part of the time.
Labor lying idle is the most utter loss
that can be inflicted upon society, ex
cepting destruction by lire or flood, re
membering that the same day and hour
neAer comes twice in a man s liletim..
As "chockfull of day's Avorks" as any
man may be, he only holds just so many.
It aviU be sen from the above that Ave
haA C tAvo great interests whose Avelfaiv
is apparently diametrically opposed,
Avhen the price, of products is consid
ered the producers of all kinds on one
hand, and the men Avho live by incomes
derived from interest on the other. If
there actually is a conflict of interest
here, which (Mass ought to be first con
sidered? Which class is most useful to
society? Which class produces all
Avealth? Which class is numerically the
largest? Which class is absolutely es
sential to the welfare, in fact tho very
existence of the social fabric, andAvhich
might easily be dispensed with? I im
agine there is only one correct answer
to these questions.
But 1 deny that the conflict of inter
ests between these classes is anything
like so great as it at lirst appears. In
Hush times, when prices are good, antl
all labor is profitably employed, men
use borroAvetl capital freely. In such
times they Ijoitoav, impelled by enter
prise to make improvements, to extend
their business, to open new sources of
wealth,. to employ more labor.
In times like the present they lorrow
from necessity, to refund old loans, to
pay interest, to replace unavoidable de
ficiencies of income. In flush time
borrowing means prosperity, in hard
times it means distress. The result to
the money lender is economically the
same. Sentimentally, if that was worth
considering, in one case he may have
the consolation of ministering to pro
gress, refinement, enterprise, in the oth
er of draAving blood from an almost ex
hausted antl depleted body.
In my next article I will inquire
whether money has actually decreased
in relation to products antl Avhether the
present supply is inadequate.
Senatorial Morality.
"Politics, like Avar, has little concern
with morality. It is a struggle for
"So the pohtcian considers that votes
do not smell badly after they are cast
and counted, no matter what may have
been the methods by which they AAero
procured. Number and not quality ob
tains the certificate of elections."
"The ambitious statesman therefore
endeaA-ors to ascertain what is popular
rather than what is right, and the
possession of an active conscience or of
a sensitive moral nature is a formid
able if not an insuperable- obstacle to
sucess." J. J. Ingalls.
A rich man said tho other day. "Why
should the rich pay taxes, av hen the poor
ait? so Avuung to pay inemr iu. tney
not repeal the income tax, and bank
taxes, and stamp taxes, so they could pay
them all?'!
No they did not. Those taxes were re
pealed by the influence and solely in tho
interest of the rich.