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About The alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1889 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 12, 1889)
"THERE IS NOTHING WHICH IS HUMAN THAT IS ALIEN TO BE." Terence.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY UORNIKE.
, BY THE
ALLIANCE PUBLISHING CO.
Lincoln, - - - Nebraska.
J. BURROWS, : : , . Editor.
J, M. THOMPSON, Associate Editor.
All communications i??1?
be addressed to THE ALLIANCE PUBLISH
ING CO., aud all matters pertaining: to the
Farmers' Alliance, Jncluditg subscriptions to
the pape, to the Secretary.
Tour subscription has expired, anil unless re
jewed within theT- ;.TT next fifteen days,
-r satisfactory ar - rang-ementt mae
with the editor, f your "name will be
removed from our books and the
paper discontin A ued. We trust
you will feel it : your duty to semi
as your eubscrip M tion and continue
with us. Should-- Jk- this paragraph be
marked with a blue cross it means you.
THE FARMERS' OWN PIPER !
Magniflcent Premiums !
TnE Alliance has been started as
the official organ of tbe Nebraska State
Farmers' Alliance. It has already
taken a high place ;among the papers
of the country, and is .gaining patron
age which promises to make it a bril
It will be conducted SOLELY IN
THE INTEREST 'OF THE FARM
ERS AND LABORING MEN OF
THE STATE AND N ATION.
its Editor, is President jzf the National
Farmers'' Alliance, and Chairman of
the Executive Committee of the Farm
ers' State Alliance. He has had long
experience in newspaper work. He
will bring to his aid able men in differ
ent spheres of thought, and will make
TnE Alliance one -of the ablest pa
pers in the west.
TnE Alliance will be absolutely
FEARLESS AND UNTRAMMELED
in the discussion of all public ques-
Fj w a ii i n A.
lions. - its puunsners win accept no
patronage from corporations that will
embarrass their free expression of
opinion upon all topics. NO MONEY
WILL BUY THE OPINIONS OF
: THE ALLIANCE will be found in
the front ranks of the opposition to all
trusts and combinations to throttle com
petition, and extort from the producers
and laborers the lion's sharejof the fruits
of their toil.
We shall advocate the 'free coinage
of silver the same as gold, and its re
storation to its Id time place in our
The issue of all paper money direct
to the people on land security, and an
increase of its volume proportioned to
increased production ana population;
Government ownership of railroads;
The U. S. postal telegraph;
The restriction of land ownership to
the users of land, and its reasonable
The exclusion of alien landlords;
The election of U. S. Senators by a
direct vote of the people;
And all other reforms which will
inure to the benefit of tbe Farmers
was the first man to officially propose
the union of the Northern and South
ern Alliances into one body; and the
first to propose the formation of a Na
tional Business Committee,which prom
ises to develop into one of the largest
co-operative enterprises in the world.
Now Brother Farmers and Working
men, ,it remains for you to prove that
the often-made assertion that you will
not stand bv your own friends, is false.
We appeal to you for support. Give
us your support and we will give you a
Every member of the Alliance, and
every Farmer, should make the suc
cess of this paper HIS OWN INDI
W'e want an agent in every Alliance
in the North.
Terms, Single Subscriptions $1.00 per
Tear, invariablv in advance i or. Vivo
yearly Subscriptions Four Dollars.
SEE OUR MAGNIFICENT PRE
MIUM OFFER in our advertising
All kinds of Job Work
Promptly and neatly executed at rea
souable prices. Particular attention
given to Alliance work.
Address, Alliance Pub. Co.,
The rapid growth of the Alliance
and other farmers' organizations is one
of the most hopeful signs of the times.
All branches of honorable toil will soon
be consolidated under one head and for
,one general purpose -the best interests
of the producing classes. ;
What's the Use!
The daily press is striving: hard
Hut what's the use?
That folks their follies may discard,
But what's the use?
For people still blow out the fas,'
And trains at crossings try to pass,
While ladies still chew g-um, alas !
So what's the use?
The fanners still are signing- notes
So what's the use?
And buying- wild Bohemian oats.
So what's th use? ;
For though we warn them day by day,
Yet suckers still will dearly pay
For every "snap" that comes their way,
So what's the use?
THE U. P. BOiD.
As we noted last week, the scheme
of the U. P. people to rob the govern
ment of the debt due it by the Pacific
roads is ripening. We notice in the
news dispatches of Tuesday last, that
the special senate committee appoint-,
ed to make an investigation into the
terminal facilities and property inter
ests of the Union, Southern and North
ern Pacific railroad companies, arrived
at Omaha on a special train last Mon
Senator Davis, when questioned con
cerning the matter, said:
''This committee was appointed for
the purpose of making an investigation
of the condition of the subsidized lines,
with a view to establishing a basis up
on which to formulate a funding bill.
It is intended to provide a medium of
refunding the obligations of the Pacific
roads to the government, making the
government an individual creditor, and
extending the indebtedness of the
roads to such a number of years as
may be decided upon. To all intents
and purposes it will be a creature, in
character, of the Outhwaite bill."
As we predicted last week, the Outh
waithe bill is to come up in the new
congress in a new form. Arrange
ments are being made to make the
government an individual creditor, and
extend the debt an indefinite number
of years; and failing in that, it is the
intention of the parties interested to
rob the subsidized roads of all value by
making entirely new connections with
and by the lines which have been built
with the surplus earnings of those
roads, and then leave them on the
hands of the government without any
earning capacity except , their local
traffic and subject to a first mortgage
bonded debt more than equal to their
value. In short, a1ong:headed scheme
is on foot to induce the government to
try its first experiment at railroading
so handicapped as to make financial
failure an absolute certainty, and so
nip in the bud the growing demand of
the people for government ownership
This scheme is to divorce all the Un
ion Pacific non-subsidized lines from
the subsidized system and to place the
non-subsidized lines out of the reach of
the government, against that day when
the Union Pacific shall be called to a
reckoning from which there shall be
no escape. The name of the consoli
dated system of lines divorced from
the Union Pacific is the "Oregon Short
Line & Utah Northern Railway Com
pany." It embraces the Oregon Short
Line Railway, running from Granger,
Wy. T., to Huntington, Oregon; the
Utah Northern Railway, a. narrow
gauge road running from Ogden, Utah,
to Silver Bow, Anaconda, Butte City
and Helena, Montana; the Utah Cen
tral Railway, running from Ogden to
Salt Lake City and thence to Frisco in
the southern part of Utah; the Utah &
Nevada and the Ogden & Syracuse
Railroads. The general offices of the
new system, which is a corporation by
itself, standing utterly independent of
all other corporutions, have been lo
cated at Salt Lake City. The Oregon
Short Line is the Union Pacific's route
to Oregon and Washington, and it con
nects with the Oregon Railway & Nav
igation Company at Huntington. The
Oregon Short line Railway is the lessee
of the Oregon Railway and Navigation
Company, and the Union Pacific has
nothing to say to the Oregon Naviga
tion Co. that doe4 not pass through the
hands of the Oregon Short Line. This
consolidation strips the Union Pacific
of all feeding lines west of the Rockies,
leaving nothing except the main line
terminating at Ogden. The officers of
the consolidated system, as it is known
here, are all Union Pacific men, and
include President Charles Francis Ad
ams, who fills the same position on the
Union Pacific, and George M. Cum
mings, general manager, also assistant
general manager of the Union Pacific.
Edward Dickerson, general superin
tendent of the Union Pacific, is also a
prominent figure among the stock
holders of the consolidated system.
The complete divorce of these non
subsidized lines from the Union Pa
cific system is liable to be followed by
a repetition of the deal with the non
subsidized roads east of the mountains.
A line is now building from Sioux
City west and from Ogden east. Of
course the Oregon Short Line and
Utah Northern Railway is a great sys
tem, but it must have an eastern out
let. These things have all been taken
into consideration, and it has not been
LINCOLN, NEBRASKA, SATURDAY,
forgotten that the Union Pacific main
line now owes enough to build several
main lines just like, it, and that this
same main line is competing with oth
er transcontinental lines which were
built at much les cost in the days of
cheap railroads. The Pacific Short
Line is organized to build from Sioux
City to Ogden; it passes through a bet
ter country than the Union Pacific and
is many miles the shorter line. At
Sioux City it makes connection for Chi
cago and the East with as much facili
ty and as good results a does the Un
ion Pacific at Omaha or Kansas City.
The Senate Committee will do well
to investigate the secret schemes that
are being nursed by the highly respect
able Chas. F. Adams and his conferes,
as well as the property interests of the
road he represents. As a matter of ab
stract right and justice all roads that
have been built out of the earnings of
the U. P., or by robbing it of ties and
iron, as in the case of the Utah North
ern, are covered by the government
lien, and should be held for the govern
ment debt. We believe if this matter
should go to the supreme court of the
U. S., such would be its decison.
Thieving jugglery should have no part
in this case.
How Shall We Maintain Interest in the
This is a question of paramount im
portance, and confronts every member
of a Subordinate Alliance. It is a com
mon thing for Alliances to languish,
and the members lose interest, solely
for the want of some organized effort to
maintain interest and originate enter
prises and schemes for' the financial
benefit of the members. This is all
wrong, and should not be permitted.
There is not an Alliance in the state
that cannot institute some business
scheme either to save or make money,
and every Alliance should do it. Bulk
your sales whenever it is possible to do
so. Follow your produce just as far on
its road -to the consumer as possible.
Join together in making up car-loads of
hogs, grain, cattle, or anything youmay
have to ship, where single members
have not full car-loads. Join together
also in buying coal, groceries, lumber,
and many other articles. Geo. Wood
ley, of Chicago, will sell lumber direct
to the consumer for cash in car-lots, at
great saving over the retail trade. Re
member any individual, under the inter-state
law, can ship goods in or out
as cheap as any regular shipper.
These business arrangements will
furnish topics of interest to occupy part
of the time of your meetings. But reg
ular discussions and literary entertain
ments should be provided for. There
is hardly an Alliance which has not
some member qualified to prepare a
programme and lead in such discus
sions. These persons should be found
and enlisted in the work, and regular
discussions should be provided for on
topics of general interest, or on subjects
on which education is necessary. These
discussions may take a wide range, and
embrace any and all questions which it
is desirable to understand.
Another source of interest is to meet
at different members' houses, instead of
regularly at one place. This is quite
pleasant in the clear fall weather. At
such meetings a social spirit will pre
vail a free interchange of views on
current politics, on neighborhood af
fairs, and farming interests, will take
place. In all these meetings, and in all
discussions, seek a higher plane of liter
ary and social development. Do not
confine your reading to the newspaper.
Seek the best books and newest and
highest ideas. Mental and moral de
velopment is one of the great objects of
the Alliance. But a higher culture is
not picked up by the roadside by chance.
It only comes to those who desire it and
seek it. But with those who once begin
to seek it the desire for it grows strong
er and stronger.
Make the meeting of the Subordinate
Alliance interesting and valuable, and
it will be the surest guarantee that the
meeting of the County and State Alli
ance will also be valuable.
' We would suggest the following top
ics for discussion at Alliance meetings:
How shall Ave improve present meth
ods of taxatian?
What is the duty of the government
to the farmers?
What is the cause of the present hard
Can our present financial system be
improved? and how?
Can monopolies and trusts continue
to exist and free government be main
tained? What kind of live stock pays best ?
Is it our duty to support our OAvn pa
per? The above "will do for the present.
The secretary of the State Alliance may
probably issue a series of subjects for
discussion, certain subjects being as
signed to each month, so that all over
the state discussion and thought may be
concentrated upon the same line.
In conclusion let us say that the Alli
ance, if properly managed, affords the
best means for elevating and educating
the farmers that has ever been devised;
and we sincerely hope the good men
who desire the advancement of society
to still higher and higher planes will
use it for that purpose.
When answering advertisements al
ways mention The Alliance.
THE OUTLOOK FOR THE FARMER.
With corn at from 10 to 15c. ; with oats
at 8 to 12c; with the cattle market in
tbe hands of a combine, t making the
feeding of steers a mere lottery, with
the chances in favor of selling at a loss
after they are fattened; with the prices
of horses, which comparatively few
farmers raise for sale,' demoralized by
the general depression, the outlook for
farmers is unusually gloomy. If a farm
er is out of debt, and can Remain so, he
is master of the situation. But very few
indeed are in that fortunate condition.
Our financial system, based on debt,
and furnishing an entirely, inadequate
volume of money, forces the business of
the country upon a debt basis. There
is a very large class of farmers who are
absolutely compelled to either borrow
money or make store bills or give notes
for machinery, &c, or quit the busi
ness. The rates of interest in one case,
and the added prices in the other, are
simply ruinous. As a result of this,
chattel mortgage sales are almost of
daily occurrence in all our considerable
towns. Property is ruthlessly sacri
ficed, and men left with families on
their hands just their bare hands.
One class is fattening on debt the
debt of other people. To the money
lenders the present is a time of bounti
ful harvest. Never in the history of the
country were the handlers of money
gathering in spoils faster than now.
Is there any prospect of relief? Are
there any governmental measures pro
posed which promise to make prices
higher, money more plenty, times eas
ier? Is there the least prospect that
the promises of orators last fall, that the
election of Harrison would bring is
prosperity, are to be fulfilled? Candor
compels us to answer all these questions
in the negative. The only government
al scheme spoken of in connection with
money- is to issue a thousand millions of
perpetual bonds, and a.x the people to
pay interest upon them, for the benefit
of bankers. The only thing the bank
ers propose to do is to withdraw the
greenbacks and relieve a little gold that
is now hoarded in the treasury. Mean
time the continual rumble of business
failures is heard, a cry of ""hard times"
is going up from all the land and the
"misery" caused by a "shrinking vol
ume of money and falling prices" de
picted by the United States monetary
commission, is upon us.
It is very evident that what relief the
farmers have must come from them
selves. Expenses mustbe cut off, the
most rigid economy adopted. Articles
of food and clothing that have been
bought must be substituted by articles
produced at home. We must deliber
ately study and plan to live within
ourselves. The extent to which this
can be carried will surprise any one
who has not figured on it. If Ave are
forced to do it, we can go back to the
old ways of our fathers, Avhen Avoolen
and linen cloths were made on the farm,
and Avhen almost everything consumed
on the farm Avas produced on it. Car
ried out on a large scale, this Avould
breed disaster to other classes. Less
goods Avould be bought, merchants
would fail, and railroad stocks slump.
Meantime the Avorld must have the
food supplies we produce.
The interest of self-preservation is
strong, and the farmers must look out
for themsehes. Our financial system is
a breeder of periods of financial depres
sion followed by panics and Avide
spread ruin. We are in the depression
now, and the crisis will soon come. The
truth might just as well be told. Brad
street may gloze it over as he may, the
symptoms are plain. We warn the
farmers, and 6ay to them, take care of
The Omaha Bee of the 5th has a Arery
fair article on the Australian voting
system. It goes just a little out of the
way to detail an ingenious method by
which -otes may be bought, eA-en under
that system. This simply illustrates
that if men Avere fenced into paradise,
and hell was just outside, they'd kick a
paling off and stick one leg through.
The Australian law will be passed by
our next legislature, and we trust the
Bee Avill experience an entire change of
heart before that time, and become one
of its most earnest supporters.
Omaha Bee: ; Dastardly assaults of
the White Cap order can not be toler
ated in this state. Masked cowards
Avho skulk in the dark and brutally as
sault their neighbors will have to be
hunted doAvn and severely dealt with.,.
Amen! Amen! The Winchester rifle,
sharp and quick, is the proper remedy;
and there shouldn't be an instant's hesi
tation in applying it.
Hades Knows its own. In its ac
count of the Hastings' eonA-ention the
Lincoln Journal says "pandemonium
reigned in the hall Chairman Bixler
was soon worn out, and Church Howe
was called to the chair." Sound enough!
Pandemonium claims him here, as hades
The hole where Tanuer's mouth
was still yawns. The president's sup
ply of poor relations is exhausted. ' He
may have to make a requisition upon
Clarksonyet. Lincoln can spare sev
eral candidates for postmaster without
going broke. . f
Those who are ruled by law, should
have the power to say what shall be
laws, and who the law makers. Wom
en are as much interested in legisla
tion as men, and are entitled to repre
rentation. William Lloyd Garrison.
OCT. 12, 1889.
Republican State Convention.
JUDGE REESE DEFEATED!
THE RAILROAD GANG TRIUMPH
ANT. People, Wake Up!
A PEOPLES' STATE CONVENTION
This paper owes ' no allegiance to the
republican or any other party; and it
does not criticise the action of any po
litical convention in any partisan spirit.
And it doesn't need to, from the simple
fact that there is no such thing as parti
san politics in state matters in Nebras
ka. The sole contest in this state now
as in years past, is between the corpora
tions and the people. In the republican
convention at Hastings last Tuesday
the people were most ignominiously de
feated, and the railroad gang is now on
Judge Reese, since his eleATation to
the supreme bench, has shown himself
to be a high-minded, honorable gentle
man, who based his decisions on sound
judicial principles, and could not be
made the tool of monopolies and rail
road corporations. This fact disquali
fied him for the support of the brass
collared gang who rule this state. For
the past month trusted agents of the
gang have been laying their plans for the
defeat of Judge Reese. While Judge
Reese's friends knew of these prepara
tions, they still placed so much reliance
in his well known integrity and his
strength with the people that they had
full confidence of his re-nomination.
But when the convention' assembled it
was found to be a railroad crowd. Three
division superintendents, and railroad
bosses and cappers from all over the
state were present to hold up their
henchmen to the point of violating their
pledges, ignoring instructions given to
them as delegates, and betraying the
people of the state. - v
This was all accomplished on the first
ballot. Judge Norval was nominated
by 545 votes to 269 for Reese.
Again Ave Avitness the political ma
chinery of the dominant party used to
defeat the Avill of the people.
Again we see combined monopolies
seize that which should be the agency of
free government and prostitute it to
the base purpose of retiring a . judge
whose only fault is that he would not be.
their tool, and elevating in his stead a
man whom they think they can use.
, Lancaster county had thirty-nine del
egates in the convention, elected as
supporters of Mr. Reese, and explicitly
instructed for him. Of these fourteen
were found who held their subserviency
to corporations higher than their fidel
ity to their constituents and their per
The vile agency of free passes in this
infamy may be illustrated by some facts
in relation to the Gage county delega
tion. This delegation Avas instructed
for Judge Reese; but he had no free
transportation for its members. This
fact coming to the knoAvledge of the B.
& M. outfit, about thirteen of the num
ber were captured for the railroad creAV
by the contemptible bribe of a free pass.
Think of it! Men who call themseh es
honorable ignoring the instructions of
their constituents and selling themselves
to a railroad corporation for the con
temptible pittance of a free ride to Has
tings. There were 280 proxies in this
convention, live-sixths of Avhich were
probably controlled by the railroad
But mere resentment against individ
ual traitors amounts to but -ery little,
and would amount to nothing Avere it
not that parties and conventions are
only aggregations of individuals. The
great question is, what Avill the people
do about it? Will they march up like
cattle and "vote -the - straight ticket?
Probably they will. So few of them have
yet learned that they are being ruled by
railroad cappers through the agency of
the party tie.
The right thing to do is to call an In
dependent State Convention, and
place M. B. Reese in nomination, and
thus make a square issue betAveen the
people and the corporations. But the
great organs of the party, Avho are all
the time mouthing for the dear people,
Avill hardly have the moral courage to
take this course.
When the statement is made that the
present hard times are caused bv low
prices Avhich have been brought about
by a shrinkage in the volume of money
compared with production and popula
tion, it is always met by the reply, "O,
there's plenty of monev. You can cret
all the money you want if you only
have the securitv." This is aDnarentlv
- m. A- r
true; consequently this reply is difficult
to meet except by a somewhat intricate
argument. It is true that in times of
contraction and consequent low rices.
money accumulates . at our centres of
traae, ana lies there unused, always
seeking paying investments with good se
curity. The cause of this accumulation
is low prices low prices of farm pro
ducts, low prices of all kinds of goods,
and low prices of ; labor. First let us
consider the case of the farmer. He has
seen the prices, of . his products cro down.
from some inscrutable cause, until he is
producing his crops at less than cost.
The margin of profit that is left to the
farmer must consist of those products
which are left after the current expens
es of the year have been met. If he is
producing below cost that margin will
be entirely wiped out, and he may be
compelled to sell some reserve stock or
perhaps borrow money to keep matters
even. In this case he stops making im
provements, retrenches in all family
expenses, buys less goods. Necessarily
the money that he would have used if
prices had been good is left in the bank
er's hands unemployed. The same cause
that induces him to economize will pre
vent his buying land or making other
ventures. In short, as far as the farmer
is concerned, low prices cause a stagna
tion of business and enterprise Avhich
leaves money idle, and it necessarily ac
cumulates unused at the business centres.
In the case of the tradesman the same
principle applies. Prices are tending
downward, at the same time trade gets
duller, collections more difficult, com
petition for sales keener. He sees his
margin of profit gradually disappearing;
and he also is forced into a line of econ
omy, not only in his own living, but in
his business, which reacts disastrously
upon the business of the community.
It lessens his purchases, as Avell as les
sens his sales, and a less volume of
money is therefore required to transact
the business, and it accumulates un
used. With business men another potent
cause of stagnation is found in the con
tinuous shrinkage of values in limes of
contraction. It would not be very
shrewd for a man to buy a piece of
property to-day which he was morally
certain that he could buy six months or
a year hence at twenty per cent, less
than to-day. Money calculates all of
these chances. Money men and finan
ciers who knoAv little or nothing of the
principles Avhich underlie money, know
all about these intricacies of invest
ment enterprise. . It often happens that
through this shrinkage in the value of
property money will earn more while
locked up in a safe idle than it would
invested in property. Hence the shrink
age in Aralues in such times as these acts
as a bar to enterprise, and causes mon
ey, which in good times would be ac
tively employed, to sAvell the reserves of
some bank, or to be invested in some
In the case of the mere Avage-laborers
the same principle of stagnation caused
by low prices operates with full force.
It is true that in such times the wages
of a day's work will buy more necessa
ries than" in other times it is also true
that as the farmer, and merchant, and
manufacturer are compelled to econo
mise, days' Avork become fewer and idle
days more plenty. Thus the laborer
finds that cheap provisions bring him
no solace, and that Avith prices loAvcr
and lower he finds it still harder and
harder to keep the wolf from the door.
It will thus be seen that the idea that
money is cheap and plenty because the
bank reserv es are large and money is
seeking borrowers, is a fallacy and a de
lusion. Money has no employment
apart from labor. Of itself it earns
nothing. A banker speaks of money as
earning so much interest. But before
this money can earn any interest it must
be used in some aA-enue of labor, and as
an adjunct and aid to such labor, and it
is the labor that earns the interest.
Prosperity demands that labor should
be employed, and .when labor is all em
ployed there will be little idle money.
In the presidential campaign the re
publicans made a great hue and cry
about .Mr. .Cleveland, having lent the
banks $50,000,000 of government money
without interest. Now, it is given out
by the republican papers that Mr. Har
rison is calling in that money and using
it to buy bonds. Of course it would not
do for Mr. H. to do such an utterly aw
ful thing as did Mr. C. Just look at
the financial aspect of this matter, and
see how utterly insincere and hypocrit
ical is the talk of both sides. ' Mr.
Cleveland lent the money to the bank
ers; Mr. Harrison withdraws it and
turns it over to the bond-holders, the
same fellows, taking their bonds at
twenty per cent, premium.
It is certainly better for the people
that this money should remain in circu
lation. If it is AvithdraAvn from the
banks it goes out of circulation, at least
until the men who exchange bonds for
it can re-invest it. As in any case the
U. S. would get no interest for it, it is
certainly better that the money should
go to the banks, and through them into
the channels of trade, than to be locked
up in the U. S. treasury. Better still
Avould it be, if the government could
lend that money to the people on land
security, at cost of handling, instead of
lending it to the banks for nothing, and
letting them lend it to the people at
The debt statement issued by the
treasury Oct: 1st shows that there is noAv
locked up $637,540,530.61.. .
One of our exchancres hns ttiA fall mi-.
ing advice to its farmer readers which
n.im1ir with onunl frrtn tn oil nunnU.
"If you have a little farm and are out
of debt, don't fret and work yourself and
good wife into graves for the making of
money. You have but one life to live
and it is very brief at the best. Take a
mue pleasure and comfort as you go
rry tj j , j " iiu
tie CTOOtl to others. A morbid. insnUnto
desire to possess the earth, to grab ev-
";WUUj Jll DlgUl, 19 M IMC XUULlMilllOU
of more, miserv than anv nn thJnrr
Wealth alone will never keep your mem
ory green alter you are gone; a good
life and kind actions will."
A WORD FOR THE CAUSE.
Educate, Educate, Educate I
An army, to le efficient, must In or
ganized. It must be made up of com-
Janies, battalions, regiments, brigades,
livislons and corps. But this not
enough. These sub-division must be
drilled not separately and differently,
but all exactly alike, so that Avhen
massed together, they can all 1 wielded
by one command, by one won,, by one
So with the Fanners Alliance. It i
not enough to organize into Sulordi
nate, County, State and National Ind
ies. It is not enough to subscribe to
certain principles, or to assume certain
obligations. Those bodies must b edu
cateddrilled to act together. Theiv
is nothing compulsory about it. but it I
truly a volunteer army. We nrnv
have a true and loyal and active Suu
Alliance, or a strong and efficient and
zealous County Alliance, but it U not
enough. There must bo the most har
monious, as well as the most thorough,
co-operation betAveen all these sub-divisions
of our grand arm v. We must
act together and alike. To do this, Ave
must be educated alike think alike. '1
do this we must read alike. To do this
WE MUST HAVE OUU OWN I'APKIW AM
The aloA'c from the Progressive Farm
er of North Carolina, forcibly present
a A'ery importaut subject. Do we habit
ually, Avhen subscribing for paiiers, se
lect those which Ave know are devoted
to our interests? or are Ave not quite a?
apt to select one that is -edited in the
interest of a corporation, or which is en
tirely indifferent on the subject!
The State Alliance of this state low
repeatedly urged the members to dis
continue their patronage of papers
which do not advocate the principles of
the Alliance. The Alliances of Nebras
ka haAe a paper of their own. It advo
cates their rights aud their interests. It.
has the warm endorsement of our State
ExecutiAe Committee. It has the con
fidence and support of many of the best
farmers of the state. It Avill not pander
to vitiated sentiment or tastes. It will
be a clean paper which you can place in
the hands of your young daughters. Its
columns will be controlled by no party
nor no corporation. Is it not worthy of
your support and encouragement?
And can you not prevail upon soine
neighbor to subscribe? Can you not
secure ten subscribers for it in your Al
liance? Come to our help in building up our
great and glorious cause come to our
help in advocating the, rights of tbe
fanner against trusts, combinations and
frauds. Accept this appeal as made to
you individually. There are two thou
sand men in this state Avho should each
get us up a club of live by the first day
of November. Have not some of you
been receiving the paper ever since it
started, and not yet sent us even your
own subscriptions? Have you renewed?
We are not satisfied with our paper.
Our ideal paper is handsomer and bet
ter than any paper in the state of Ne
braska. Give us ten subscribers from
each Alliance, and Ave will make this,
the ideal paper.
Hon. Alonzo Wardall for Senator.
Hon. A. Ward all, of Huron, Dakota,
has been put forward by his friends for
U. S. Senator. In an article in the Hu
ralist defining his position, he gives the
BHITISH HOUSE OF COMMONS.
Total number of members 070.
Commerce and lrade
Professional men , . . .
Army and Navy .....
Office holders. ..............
FRENCH CHAMBER OK DEPUTIES.
Numlier of Deputies 580.
Professional men ?7(
Office holders 5
Commerce and Trade. G'i
U. S. HOUSE OK REPRESENTATIVE.
Number of Representatives 4J2."5; of
Territorial delegates 8. Total 3!13.
Professional men. ....... T 26-1
Commerce and Trade 24
He then goes on to say:
Think of it, citizens of Dakota! With
45 per cent of the population of these
United States agricultural, with mate
rial interests greater than all the rest
combined, we have but one twenty-second
part of the members of congress.
No wonder our interests are neglected,
as they surely are. It is small blame t-
the lawyers, bankers and railroad mag-
J nates, mining nabobs, lum!or kings,
omcer8 and agents oi me money i rusts
and combinations, if they look after the
interests that sent them there. Why
should they not? They would be, recre
ant to their trust if they did not No
body complains about their not doing
their duty by their employers, aud for
their class, and we as fanners have no
right to grumble if men whom we did
not select and Avho are not in sympathy .
with us, neglect our interests. If the
375 lawyers and bankers in congress
are giving you the legislation you waut,
well and good; send four more from
Dakota. If they are not doing theii
duty by you, and I believe there is not a
farmer in Dakota Avho thinks they are,
then in the name of common sense and
for your interest and safety, send at
least one farmer out of the four and try
him for a term and see if it will help
matters any. If you prefer any other
farmer to me, say so, and I will work
heartily for him but let us call a halt
on this class legislation, and say that
the people, not the 'lawyers and bank
ers alone, shall control congress.
This is excellent doctrine to apply in
other states than Dakota. Every Alli
ance man there ought to make it his
special duty to see that Mr. Wardall
Monopolists seem to think they are
the only men Avho have a right to live.
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