The alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1889, October 05, 1889, Image 2

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Agricultural Statistics.
The department of agriculture has
issued an interesting work consisting
of a series of colored maps with figures
and diagrams illustrating the agricul
tural statistics of the United States.
The first map or chart conveys in 'fig
ures and colored diagrams the propor
tion of the superficial area of each state
that is not in farms, the. proportion of
farms that is cultivated or productive,
the proportion that is unproductive,
and the. proportion of "woodland."
The average for the United States is
71.1 per cent not in farms; of the land
in farms 15.3 per cent of the entire
area is productive, 10.3 per cent in
woodland, and 3.3 per, cent unproduc
tive. The proportion given for Nebraska
is 79.6 per cent in farms, 11.3 per cent
productive, 0.7 per cent woodland and
2.3 per cent unproductive. Ohio leads
the procession with only 6 per cent of
area not in farms, '69.3 per cent pro
ductive, 22.9 percent woodland and 1.8
per cent unproductive. ;
The chart showing the acreage of
corn in 1888 in the various states and
the number of acres to one thousand of
superficial area, planted to corn, gives
the average acres of corn to every
thousand acres of superficial area of
the United States as 41. The average
in Nebraska is 84. The total acreage
in the United States was 75,672,763.
The acreage in Nebraska was 4,097,067.
Anothet chart gives the average
yield of corn. The average for the
United States for ten years last past is
24.2 bushels per acre. The average
yield in Nebraska during the same
period is 32.7 bushels. This is the
.highest average of my state in the
union according to the chart except in
Maine, which was 33.9 bushels, New
Hampshire which is 34.1 bushels and
.Vermont which is 34.3 bushels.
But as the entire acreage of these
three states is only about one-fortieth
f t the acreage of Nebraska, their corn
being apparently in little garden
patches, the comparison cannot be
fairly made. Nebraska Jeads all the
great corn state's in the union in the
yield per acre for the last ten years,
the next to her being Ohio with a
yield of 31.7 bushels. Iowa comes
next with 30.2 bushels, then Indiana
with 29.3, Kansas with 28.3, Missouri
with 27 and Illinois with 26.3 bushels
per acre. This table is the pride of
In the average value of her cattle
per head another table gives Nebraska
a flattering figure. It is $24.20. This
figure is equalled or exceeded by Colo
rado only west of the Ohio, which is
put 16 cents higher. The average in
the United States is $19.87.
, Another chart shows that of the farms
in Nebraska 82 per cent are worked by
the owners, 3.1 ter cent are rented for
money and 14.79 per cent are worked
on : snares. It is evident that the
"tenant system" is not destroying the
spirit of Nebraska farmers. The aver
age for the Uniced States is 74.5 per
cent of farms worked by owners, 8 per
cent rented for money and -14.5 per
vcent worked on shares.
All Over the Stare.
The opening exercises of the new
Christian university took place Tues
day afternoon at 2 :30 o'clock at Lin
coln. Owing to the unfinished condi
tion of the building a large dwelling
house at the southeast corner of the
campus was made to serve as a tempo
rary school building. There was a
large crowd of happy, expectant peo
ple present io witness the opening of
the first snssion of the Nebraska Chris
tian university.
Mrs. Br u& ha, mother of the B. & M.
agent at Wilcox, was fatilly injured in
a runaway accident Sunday.
Cedar Rapids is to have a new ceme
tery with a pquare for the Grand Army
where a monument will be erected
dedicated to the old soldiers.
An aged citizen of Ogallala, named
A. P. Curtis, started out with a rope
to hang himself and had written a fare
well note, "I die to please others,
when he was discovered and prevented
from carrying out his design. He is
supposed to have been driven insane
by family troubles.
There is a great howl among the re-
tion of the county central committee
in deciding not to call simon-pure re
publican convention. As a conse
quence seventy-seven republican voters
have signed a call for a mass convention-
to make nominations.
The Seward Reporter says : At the
present rate of increase of population,
Seward county will surprise the world
when the next census is taken. "Within
the past ten days thore have been over
twenty births in this city and the im
mediate neighborhood, so we are in
formed, and che returns are not all in
yet. -
Mrs. John Shinest, of Gilead, Thayer
county, is under arrest for attempted
murder. While her husband was
asleep she stealthily approached and
struck him a murderous bio on the
head with a corn knife. The wound is
considered dangerous. The cause of
the dime is unknown. "
Peter Waldorf , of Western, is a pret
ty good guesser. He came within
eleven of guessing the number of pack
ages required to build a house of cof
fee and yeast on the Omaha fair grounds
and gets a fifty pound case of coffee in
return for his knowledge. The exact
number used was 5,566.
A little girl, bound from some point
in Kansas to Linscott, this state, fell
from her seat in a Burlington train in
dead faint. When resuscitated the
passengers ascertained that she had
not tasted food since she began her
journey, and the traveling men on the
train purchased her a meal and col
lected a purse of $15 and presented it
to her.
Says the Logan County Pioneer
The present acreage and prospective
yield of com is the largest in the his
tory of this county. It is a problem
among our farmers what to do with
the mammotti corn crop, and as a solu
tion of this problem they are securing
all the hogs possible. This demand
for porkers has raised the price away
above their 'actual worth.
Registration. Provisions
of the
. New Liaw.
The new registration law provides
for the registration of voters for elec
tion purposes in metropolitan cities,
cities of the first class and cities of tbe
second class, including all portions of
the voting precincts in which said cities
are situated.
Section 1 makes it 1he duty of the
mayor and council to prepare books
for the registration of voters, and pre
scribes the form thereot.
Section 2 provides that three super
visors of registration shall be appointed
by the city council in September of
each year for every precinct in such
city, and not more than two of whom
shall belong to the same political party..
Section 3 provides for the challeng
ing of any person who applies for reg
istration and prescribes the oath to be
administered in such cases.
Section 5 provides that the salary of
supervisors shall be $3 a day for the
time actually employed.
Section 8 provides that the days for
registration shall be on Tuesday four
weeks, the Wednesday of the third
week, the Thursday of the second week
and the Friday x and Saturday of the
first week preceding the day of the
November election of each year for gen
eral election and on Friday and Satur
day of the second week, and on Satur
day of the first week preceding the day
of all other elections.
Section 9 provides that the super
visors of registration shall be in session
on the days of registration from 8 a.m.
until 9 p. m.
Section 13 makes it the duty of the
city clerk to furnish the supervisors of
registration with the necessary books
and blanks.
Section 16 provides that the regis
tration books shall remain in the cus
tody of the city clerk.
Section 18 provides that the judges
of election in each precinct shall have
at the polling place on election day the
registry books for such precinct, and
no vote shall be received unless the
name of the voter shall appear on such
registry book, unless some voter shall
present an affidavit sworn to before the
city clerk, or other person appointed
by the mayor, and subscribed to by at
least two freeholders, setting forth
that such person is a qualified voter,
and giving his reason for not appear
ing before the supervisors of registra
tion, i -
Section 21 provides that each politi
cal party shall be entitled to have a
challenger at each place of registration,
who shall be assigned a place where
he can see every person who presents
himself for registration. ;
Section 29 provides that any person
who shalLregister or procure the regis
try of any person through fraud, or
who shall vote illegally under the pro
visions of this act shall be deemed
guilty of a felony, and on conviction
shall be sentenced to the penitentiary
for a term of not less than one,, nor
more than five years.
Si ction 30 provides that if any su
pervisor of registration shall be guilty
of wilful jneglect of duty or corrupt or
fraudulent practice in the execution of
the same ho shall be deemed guilty of
a misdemeanor, and on eonviction
thereof shall be sentenced to the county
jail for hot less than ten or more than
sixty days, or fined not less than $100
nor more than $200, or both.
Section 31 provides that if any su
pervisor, clerk or other officer haviDg
custody of records shall destroy, change
or mutilate any of the records, he shall
be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor
and on conviction thereof sha 1 be sen
tenced to the county jail for not less
than ten days nor more than sixty,, and
forfeit his office.
Section 32 provides that any person
not an officer who shall be guilty of
the above offenses shall be sentenced
to the county jail for not less than ten
days., nor more than sixty days,, and
fined not less than $50; nor more than
$500, or toth. .
Section 33 provides that any person
making false oath or affirmation pro
vided in this act shall be guilty of a
felony, and on conviction thereof shall
be sentenced to the penitentiary for a
term of not less than one nor more
than ten years.
Sections 34 to 40 inclusive provides
penalties for the violations of the pro
visions of this, act, and' for offenses
against peace and good order, the per
sons provided by law to carry out the
provisions of this act.
Section 41 provides that no irregu
larities or dpfects in carrying out the
provisions of this act shall constitute
a defense for the violation of the pro
visions of this act.
Section 41 provides for the publica
tion in a newspaper in each city the
boundary of election precints, and the
time and place of registration.
Section 43 provides that the cost of
carrying out the provisions of this act
shall be paid out of the general fund
of such city.
CATTLE Butchers' steers . .. 92
50 ;iS 0
Cows.... 'I
HOGS Fat . S
a3 Oh
& s
:V$ -.55'
(a. 'r,1
i'i: ; '
Stackers 3
WHEAT No. 2 eprinir
BYE No. 3
OEN No. 2 new
APPLES prbbl 2
HAT Prairie, Dnifc...
CATTLE Prime steera 8 ; (M 15
Cows.. .....175 ai2 25
BOGV I air to heavy. 3 05 im 00
Mixed... 8 85 4 OP
CATTLE Ciiol ee 4 2( m 25
Stackers and feedara 2 20 'j3 2?
HOGS Packing: 4 20 (u& 30
HaEP Natives... 3 75 &4 80
oohn m
'ATTLis. uum raa 'd4 15
FM"i.. , 1 60 'Ji
Mixed 8 5 M
Farm. JfotM.
He 5s wise who profits by his ow;
experience; but he is wiser who also
profits by the experience of others.
Signing your name before a strang
er is not "bread , cast upon the
waters," but it is very sure to ''re
turn after many days." ,
Poor butter and poor cheese, for
the low quality of which the maker
cannot account, may sometimes be
traced to impure water.
Cornstalks in the silo occupy but
one-fifth the space they doin mow or
stack; this is a very important con
sideration in favor of the silo.
If ensilage is no better feed than
dry stalks still it has much to com
mend it on the score of economy, it is
more easily and cheaply stored and
fed. : -
How about the supply of road dust
for hen house, cow stable; privy, etc.?
As a'deodorizer, disinfectant and ab
sorbent it would be regarded as al
most invaluable it it were not so plen
ty and so cheap:
In reply to a request for a report
on the condition of his crops, from a
wheat , speculating firm, a farmer
writes: "The Lord and I a re in part
nership this year; it is nobody's bus
iness what or how Ave are doing."
Farmers in Central Missouri, ac
cording to Column's Rural World,
nearly abandoned tobacco-raising.
It is estimated that the acreage
planted this year will be the smallest
since the State was admitted to the
During very warm weather the pigs
will suffer if they have no fresh war,
ter and shade. Some breeds of hogs,
such as the Yorkshires, have very
tender skins, and it will benefit them
to give them a good washing occas
ionally. Cleaning the wheat and keeping
the offal at home to be fed to sheep
and chickens is a short road tor-hick-en
pot-pies, fresh eggs, choice mut
ton, and dowLy fleece, and innumer
able little household comforts and
uxuries. Try it once.
The pig and the cow in conjunction
make a great pair; as co-operators
they are a success; harnessed togeth
er they would not make a stylish
team but they can nevertheless pull
the farmer towards prosperity at a
very gratifying pace.
More farmers should possess the
art of nicely slaughtering a lamb,
calf or pig, so that it will make an
enticing article of trade when he
takes it to his nearest town for sale.
And more farmers should have such
animals to slaughter.
An Ohio court has decided that
the owner of u dog which sprang in
to the road and caused a team of
iorse to run away, crippling them
selves, bruising the driver, and de
stroying the carriage, was responsi
ble for mi nam a so done. 1 his is a
ust decision.
No class of citizens keep a sharper
eye on the country's crops, none
now better the localities of the best
yields than the sharper whose busi
ness it is to devise schemes for
swindling farmers. The country will
soon be lull of them, and where the
crops- were- best there will they be
No-succulent food is more greedily
eaten by pigs at any age than beets.
They may be fed any time from the
first thinnings during the growing
season to the fully grown roots in
Winter. I hey are especially valua
ble as a part of the Winter food for
breeding sows, and some beets should
always be saved for that purpose.
J. F. Ryder, of Franklin County,
Pa.r writes to the Weekly Tribune
that ten or twelve years ago he
transferred the bell from a sheep to a
young dog which manifested great
fondness for sheep s blood, and it
broke up the habit completely. Why
not, he asks, make it compulsory
that every dog wear a bell, and it
caught without it that he be shot?
A scythe will pull the buckwheat
together in bundles that will need no
binding except a slight twist of straw
around the head, 'setting each bun
dle by itself on its butt. When dried
by cold weather, the flail on asmooth
floor will take out the gram better,
cheaper and nearly as quickly as it
can be done bv threshing machines.-
This is the old fashioned way, and it
is as good as any.
In reply to an inquiry, the American
Cultivator says that a little tar ' on
sheep's noses, in Summer is very
necessarv to protect them from the
fly that lays the egg that produces
grub in the head. Sheep will often
dig holes in the ground mto wnich to
thrust their noses to protect them
selves from the attacks of the fly;
but it is far better to tar the nose,
and thus save them from trouble.
We do not understand why cheese
is not more generally -used as food
by all classes. In England it largely
takes the place of meat, which it su
persedes, notonly because of its cheap-
. . i : ?i. TM.
ness, DUb its superiority, xiiu pior.
quality of much cheese offered in
maket is probably the reason for the
popular prejudice against it. We eat
more meat in this country than any
people in Europe, and cheese ought
largely to take its place.
Sometimes when a heavy grata
crop has been grown the field is more
easily prepared for wheat seeding by
burning over the stubble. A few fur
rows should be plowed next tho
fences, to prevent the fire spreading
where not wanted. Oat stubble,
hovyever large, does not burn as easi
ly as that of wheat. Its stalk is not
so firm. In burning wheat stubbl-r
many Hessian flies will usually bo de
stroyed, thus making it safer to sow
wheat after wheat. An American
A Wonderful Fish in the nlf.
Prom the Penpacola News. ,
Thursday, as Capt. Dixon Reed in
his yacht Wallace, was crossing the
harbor from the quarantine station,
and when about one mile on this side
of Town Point, he noticed about 200
yards ahead and to the windward a
commotion on the surface of the wa
ter. He steered for the spot and ran
within twenty feet of one of the larg
est and at the same time one of the
strangest fish ever seen in these or
any other waters. It was milk white
and only half as long as it was broad.
In breadth Capt. Reed judges, it
measured twenty-five to thirty feet.
It was shaped somewhat as a spade
on a playing card, and bad a head
that resembled slightly a turtle's.
On each side was a fin, the only ap
pendages of the kind the fish had,
and with these, assisted by a short
tail, he propelled himself through the
water. He was flat, fore and aft, and
had three ridges across his back
athwartships. As the Wallace ap
proached the fishf which was lying
with his head to the north, the mon
ster turned and sized up the vessel
with a dark but not wicked-looking
eye, and, as he moved m the water,
Capt. Reed noticed that hia nether
side was of a dark gray color. He
seemed to have no seales, ; and he
manifested not the least alarm a
the yacht bore down upon him.
When close upon the fish Capt. Reed
bore away, passing, as related, with
in twenty feet of the fellow.. The fish
remained on the surface,, and- was
paddling about whea last seen from
the Wallace.
Water in Australia,.
The future of Australia for the
next thirty years will rest the en
gineers. The recent discoveries of un
derground rivers in the most arid
portions of the continent have- given
these words a greater significance..
The difficulty of Australia has al
ways been the fear that the land will
not support a large population..
These discoveries of water dispel that
Fear. It now appears that the vol
umes of rain which fall: about once in
five years over the greater part of the
floods the plains which for fouryears
previously have not known more1
moisture than might be given in .En
gland by a good falb of dew,. flnd;
their way through the porous soil in
to channels and chambers beneath
the surace, where, at; a depth of one
or two thousand feet, they provide
an inexhaustible store of tho most
precious commodity known to the
Australian squatter. It is
only to be expected that as more
water is brought to the surface the
clouds will take up more moisture by
evaporation and the rainfall will in
crease. Then, with regular rainfall
and inexhaustible tanks and creeks,
even the Australian squatter might
begin to be contented. Macraillan's
i i mm
Maine's "Chalk Pond."
A use is at last to be made of the
chalk-like deposit on the bottom of
the pond known as "Chalk Pond,"
pear Beddington, Me. Massachusetts
capitalists have formed a syndicate,
and they intend soon to set to work
draining the pond. The Transcript,
cf Boston, has an article on the en
terprise, in which it is stated that
the deposit is known to the scientific
world as silicia, and is very valuable
comercially. It is made up of tho
fossilized remains of millions of in
sects, and when taken from tbe water
resembles clay. It dries quite rapid
ly, and when the water has fully
evaporated the color of the substance
changes to white, and it bears-a;
marked resemblance to magnesia.
It is a perfect non-conductor, of heat
and an excellent covering for- steam
pipes and boilers. There is only one
other deposit of the kindi known, in.
the world,. and that is ini Germany;!"
In Cloven,
An old; Scotchman. Andrew Leslie,
always rodb a donkey tohis. work,,
and tethered him out to. feed while
he labored onithe roadi or- whatever
else he might be. Finally,, a, gentle
man told: him; that he was suspected
of putting his-donkey in. the fields, atr.
other people's expense "Ehi,. laird
1 could never be tempted tOidio that,,
for my cuddle winna eat anything
but nettles and thistles,'' One da.y
however,, the same, gentleman was
riding. along the road, when, he saw
Andrew Leslie at work, and his don
key up to his knees in.- one f hia own
cloven-fields, feeding luxuriously,
"Hallov Andrew!" said .he. k1
thought you told me your cuddie
would eat nothing but nettles and
thistles."- "Ay," was. the reply;
"bufe he misbehaved the day. He
nearly kicked me ower his heid; sae I
put ham in there just to. punish him."
Transmission of Heat.
Heat is transmitted in three ways
by ' conduction, as when the end
of a short rod oi iron U placed in a
fire and the opposite end becomes
warmed this is conducted heat; by
conviction by means of currents
such as the warming of a mass of
water in a boiler, furnace or saucepan;
and by radiation, as that diffused
from a. piece of hot metal or an open
fire. Radiant heat is transmitted
like sound or light, in straight linea
in every direction, and its intensity
diminishes inversely as the the square
of the distance from its center or
point of radiation. Once a Week.
Not Enough There.
A citizen of this place was presid
ing, some years ago, over the delib
erations of a meeting, and things were
not goinjf to suit him. He finally de
livered the following opinion: "Ac
cording to parliamentary law, it re
quires a two-thirds vote to carry
cnat motion, ana tne cuair ueciues
that there are not that many here."
The meeting at once adjourned. That
. . i -i . . . - itr- m l
iecueu n. Atcnison i Jiau. j vuum
Flint for HoosewlTM.
Ammonia will frequently "restore
colors that have been spoiled by acid.
Old potatoes- are improved by
soaking for awhile in cold water be
fore boiling.
Folds of newspaper upon a tin or
earthen plate makes a satisfactory
receptacle for the oilcan;
If it is desirable to freshen salt fish
quickly, place it in plenty of cold wa
ter the flesh side down.
Suspend a small bag of charcoal
in the cistern. It will have a purify
ing effeet upon the water.
1 Ceilings that have been smoked
with a kerosene - lamp should be
washed off with soda water.
Silver may be kept : bright for
months by being keot in an air-tight
ease with a good-sized piece ot cam
phor. '
Spare your temper by inverting
the top of thet fruit jar lor a minute
in hot t ater before attempting to
remove it-
The haunts of black ants are lest
attractive to the bothersome insects
when powdered borax is scattered
over them.. "
Itis very seldom that the proper
stress is laid upon the thorough ven
tilation of the bedrooms and the ar
ranging of the bed.. -
Advice from the medical attendant
respecting diet, exercise and manage
nsent in the sick room is olte'n iar
preferable tomedicine. ,
"Never scold your wife for crying,'"
says- Dr. Agnew. "So long as- a
woman can weep she will never do
anything desperate, and she will have
much more patience than, a dry-eyed
The labor of ironing is: diminished
when clothes are well shaken before
hanging out, especially when a
wringer removes the (vater: Fringed
articles need special attention in this
, r
The French water-ices- are- some
times made with a syrup of sugar
and water boiled until it forms a fine
thread between the thumb and. fore
finger. This syrup contains- four
times as much sugar as wa"ber.
Miss Frances Graham French, of
Washington, holds the position of lin
guist and translator in the bureau ot
education, and is' engaged in the
work of classi lying 30.000 foreign
books in twenty different languages.
One way of exterminating red ants
13 to moisten a sponge with water,
scatter sugar over it and place on a
shelf frequented Ly the pestiferous
mites. It will soon be densely popu
lated; then is the time to drop it into
hot water.
The children are- now in their-
cradles who will live to see pauperism
and drunkenuess swept away, like
the hogs that hang over us forweeks
till a strong breeze comes, and smite
them with the scimitar of light and
they are gone. Mrs. Livermore.
A good work is being done in some
of Boston's suburbs by women's so
cieties supporting industrial schools
during thelong summer vacations.
These schools are generally for girls-
alone, and teach sewing and domestic
arts, and in some cases fine cooking.
There is ofteni waste of. juice and:
sugar during the-process ol baking
fruit pies. By rolling out an under-
paste an inch larger than the plate,
and turning it over the fruit whenthe
pie is filled the loss will lie prevented.
Wet with cold water belore laying the
top crust. .
English girls are- to be taught
laundry work besides- cooking in the
boarding schools. A. committee of
the-London school board and the
oiby. and guilds institute have just
completed arrangements for making
an! experiment in. this. unique branch.
There was more-fairness and com
mon, sense ia the ruling of a Southern
official, who, being asked, "Is there
any law allowing a woman to hold
such an office?" answered, "Is there
any law forbidding a woman to. hold
such, an office?'" andi finding that
there was none,, be let the lady who
had been appointed keep her position.
-Woman's Journal.
An attracti ve pin cushion is made
by stuffing three silken sacks firmly
with bran or any other material and
tying them together round the necks
with a bow of moire ribbon. The
sacks should be six inches high and
about four inches in width and made
of some pretty shade of pongee silk.
They may be all of one color to
match the toilet set or of three dif
ferent shades. A light fall of cream
lace falls from the ribbon bow.
It is true economy to adopt all real
aids in the laundry room. Among
those may be classed a good washing
fluid. An ounce of muriate of ammo
nia, one ounce of salts of tartar and
a box of potashdissolved in a gallon
of boiling water produce a cheap and
efficacious fluid. Soak the clothes
for an hour or two in lukewarm suds
containing half a cupful of the liquid,
and add the same quantity to the
water in which the clothes are boiled.
Let the rinsing water be abundant.
"A. drapery for doors or upper parts
of windows to cover stained glass,or
to serve as lambrequin, is made of
seine, a fishing rod used in place of a
cornice pole; the edge of the seine is
finished with" a cord of heavy rope;
tackle and blocks are used for drap
ing, the rope being fastened to a hook
in the center of a coil of rope measur
ing ten to fifteen inches in diameter,
which is fastened to the corner of the
doorway or window. ' It should be
arranged in folds across tbe top and
then allowed to hang from one side.
icn:2i"LTi:r.E ad i::nTi:-LToriE.
Home Uaeftal Information Relating
to Both Branches.
Frcm n address before an ENglibh
dairy aetociation the National Stockman
gleans tbe following points in feeding
cowe: "NotXtofc was of better money
value or mora efficient than the following
mixture, the whole of which could be
grown on their own fauns: One cwt.
wheat, one cwt. oat?, half cwt. white
pea9 and quarter cwt. linseed. The whole
should be ground together and fed with
chopped straw and a little bay. For dairy
cows the food should be given In a sloppy
state, and, if possible during the Winter
months at an even temperature of sixty
degrees. The yield of milk depends to a
considerable extent on the quantity of
liquid taken into the system. A dairy
cow living on dry food would require
from 8 x to eight gallons of water per day.
If tbe wat rct 'd be raised to a tempera
ture of sixty degrees a considerable
t mount of heat and fat producers would
be saved, aud for the same reason the
quantity i f raw roots fed to' stock has
been greatly reduced within the past few
j ears." ,
"One of the most careful writers and
practical stockmen says correctly that it
is not surprising that in the neglected
stables we hnd sore throat, Id Horned
luegs, diseased eyes, grease or f cratches,
farcy, mange and glanders. Nor is it
wondei ful that when disease appea it
spreads rapidly throe gh the whole studr
giiice they have all been exposed to the
me kind of provoking causes. Amnio
nia is a pucgent gas, and acta powerfully
on eyes,- nose and lungs. Since any
affection of the wind and sight of the
horse greatly damages the animal, it is a
sufficient reason for extra care to secure
good veKtilation. Throwing damp bed
ding forward' ucder the manger defiles tne
feed, and tne horse is compelled to breathe
poisonous fumes. The bedding had bet
ter be removed from the stable entirely
each morning;, at least carefully remove
all that is wet, and pile the remainder in
tbe rear,. rather than under tbe ncse of
the horse.. Since the days of close, warm
stables, pneumonia and lung troubles are
increasing. Extremes of heat and cold
tax the system heavily. The cfllce ot
the lungs and skin is so essential In tbo
work of cleansing the syst(mthat it can
not be interrupted without danger. Cole-
mais Rural Worlds
The best feed for young turkeys and
ducks is yolks cf hard boiled eggs, and
after they are several days old the white
may be added. Continue this for two or
three weeks.occssiona ly chopping onions
fine, ard sometimes sprinkling the boiled
eggs with black pepper. Then give rice,"
a teacupf ul with enough milk to just
cover it, and bod slowly until tne milk is
evaporated. Pat in enough more to
cover tbe rice again, so that when boiled'
down tbe ' second- time it will be soft if
pressed between the fingers. Milk mast
not be used too freely, as it will get too
soft and the grains will adhere together.
Stir frequently when boiling. Da not
use water with the rice, as it' forma a
paste, and the chicks- cannot swallow it.
In cold, dunp weather a half-teasp onf ul
of cayenne pepper- in a pint of fbur,,
worked with lard enough to make it
stick together,. will protect them from the
diarrheal. This amount of food is suffi
cient for two meals for ve chicks.
Give all food in shallow- tin panp.. Boiled
milk and water,. with a little lime water
iu earth occasionally,. is the best dnak un
til the chioka- aro two or three moniba
old,, when loppered and' buttermilk may
take the place of the boiled milk. Tur
keys like best to rrost on trees, aad in
tbelr absence artiflcal roosts may be
made by planting loug-forked locust poles
and laying others across the fork?.. They
take to this kind of roost readily, as they
require plenty oft room.
sasniKO. &WL38.
Swine properly cired for and suitably
fed produce wholesome and good) meat.
Afcst ot the dismasts among swine are due
to improper feeding and bad manage
ment Keeping a pig closely confined in
tilthy pens as i overfeeding with corn is
quite likely to result in disease of some
kind hog eholera, oftentimes. lioea
need some variety in their food as well as
othev animalF. It is a greai benefit to
them to have the range of a piece of
j?ra3 lard a clover the best.
CI or i a cheap feed for aog9, and sup
p mem a what is lacking in tha corn,
nderirg it a complete ration. If it is
mposf-iblo to allow pasturage for the
piga, tbey can at least be kept in clean
pens by using earth as bedding, and can
be fed wi'h a little mere of a variety of
food, including bran, oats, spplep, pota
toes, pumpkins and the like. Massadiu
setta Plowman.
Some excellent hints as to what may bo
done to make the country roadside attrac
tive are furnished in a letter from Dorcaa
E Collins, of Kltnger Lake, Mich., to
Garden and FortL She says:
"A striking feature may be added to
roadside adornment by sowing the. seeds
of wild flowers wheo grass does not
readily take root, there being many plants
that thrive where it does not. For in
stance, if a road is cut thrr ugh a ktoll of
sand and gravel, as frequently occurs, the
rugged surfaces give little encouragement
to grass, while the lupin finds them alto
gether congenial. Besides giving a mass
ot purple bloom in May, the pretty foliage
of this plant covers the ground througa.
out the summer. No other sowing than
the first is needed, as nature has provided
for the dissemination of the seed by the
bursting of the pods. The owner of a
sandy wayside has obtained very satisfac
tory results by gathering seeds from the
great variety of flowers bordering the
railroad track that bound? his farm on
one side, and scattering them broadcast
beside the highway. Among these lupin
predominates, but LUhospermum hirtum,
vetch, wild peas of several varieties, enne
flower, butterfly weed, painted cup (JJas
tillegla cocilnea), gold'n-rod la great va
riety, and Ihe persistent little barebalt. al
follow along iu their season. A trouble
some washout along this roadway that
was filled with brush and other unsightly
material to prevent the farther encroach
ments of the water, has by skilful pBnt.
ing been changed into a place of beanty.
Basket willows screen it from the road on
tte lower ide, and higher up along tbe
slopes, aro set purple lilac, red cedar,
bladder out, scarlet maple, wbitewood
and osage orange sassafras springing up
of itself. Any surplus of the fl -wtr gar
den was transferred there. Yards of
crimson boursault and yellow rosea trail
over tbe brush and flowers in their sea
son, act! in the vicinity low Scotch and
native roses flourish. The lemon lily and
iris add, too, their brightness to the
scene, and all these trees and plants
thrive without care or attention. This
f pot is a favorite nesting plnco for birds,
and I am inclined to tbink tbe roses oo
tbelr rreeaora irom the pr that Infest
tbe gardens to the presence of tbese active
During tbe .warm days the hens and
chicks should have shade. It on a range,
and especially ad orchard, tbe difficulty
will bo overcome, as they will seek tha
shade of the tree?, but when they are
cos fined in tbe yarda they mtst be pro
vided with some kind of protection from
the direct influence of tho sun during the
middle of the day. Indiana Farmer.
K 8. Carman, of the Rural Xieicr
Yorker, w.ys that for fifteen years he baa
planted all the new strawberries bo could
hear of, and durlnct these years he has
raised many new seedlings, "not one of
wbtch has chown that it was worthy cf
introduction."' Be ramrs three that in
the fi'ieen years have been some im
provement over older varieties, ot such
as have been originated in tbe country at
large the Snarpless, Cumberland and
Only a-Dog,, but a Hero.
"Yes,, boys, Homeo deserves to live in
history, as be certainly will in the heart
of at least one family in Johnstown n
Why? Who iaRcmeof Ob, tell us
about it. Don't whet a fellow's cuiioslty
bo sharp," cried Fred, who being ids
uncle's namesake, had special privileges.
Unsle Fred bad just return d from the
Conemaugh valley, 'bnnglng stories
enough to last a year," Frank said.
'On'y they make ma cry," wailed Mj
mie. "That's because you are a girl,"' ex
claimed little Bert, the smallest, and in
his own opinion the bravest of tbe family.
'Now, Uncle Fred begin,"' whispered
Mam'e, laying her head over oa her uncle's
roomy shoulder.
"Well, one night about nix o'clk, I
was walking down Main street looking
for a supper, and a supper wasn't easy to
find, even when you had money to pay for
it. I noticed a crowd of men and women
in the next block, and when I reached
tbcmt.Itsaw tbe attraction was a beauti
ful wate r spaniel. 'Come here, Iiamco,.
my noble old dog !?'eaid one woman." y
If it ain't a dog story!." exclaimed
Fred,, in parenthesis;
Yes,. Borneo is a dog,"" replied Uncle
Fred, "but he bote his honors in a way to
shame some men, who, more by acci
dent then he have become famous. An
other woman said with a sigb,. 'Ah, Ifc
meo, il' a pity. Johnstown badnl more
such as you; there wouldn't be so many
people dead here now.'
"I soon learned what was meant. When
the South Fisrk Reservoir gave way, and
the flood came upon the town, Mrr. Jiret y
Romeo's mist rets, flvd to her sister's house
taking Romeo with hir. Still the water
came sweeping down, i a-hing right
through the pailors, and driving them all
upstalrr; tben rising to tbe ceiling aud up
per floors, to they toon bad to go out p
on tbe roof.
Suddenly a big wave rushed over them,,
carrying Mrs. Kress swiftly down' the
stream. Sbe was quickly drawn under by
the current, and,, as she disappeared,
i Romeo plunged in. Wheu her dres3 came
i to the ju-face he grasped . it in his teeth,
and pushed her toward a cm-ill frarao
house, which ttill resisted tbe waters.
His noble effort proved successful, and
his mU tress, draggtd o the light frame,
felt quite secure p but it was only for a
moment.. Another wave of tbe wldenioie,
deepening current struck the weak build
ing, iu walls yielded with a crash, and
woman and dog were again upon the
Tbe noble brute swam by his mistress
side, keeping her head abova water wbilo
sbe was borne upon the current. For
over an hour this battle with tbe waves
weDt on. Finally the dog succeeded ia
bringing his precious charge to A' mi Hall,
where she was taken out of tbe water,
and carried to the roof lor safety. There
her strength failed and she fainted. Then
for tbe first time R?mco 'lost his head, as
Irt here would say. He thought his
mis'res wes dead. He howled frantical
ly, ard nothing comforted him until th
opened her eyes and put out her ban J to
hioo. Then be lay down by her side and
went to sleep."
He must have been a tirel doggie,"
said May wiping her eyes.
"That's so !" said Frank. "Swimming
is hard work." Frank was just taking
his first lessons in swimming.
"Uncle Fred, what did you mean by
saying Romeo would put some folks to
shame J"
"Mamie never get the wholo of a story
till she gets the moral." And Fred's inter,
est was evident.
"You boys need to get the moral,"
answered Uncle Fred. "I mean, Mamie,
that Romeo dtd not gt proud by being
praised. He looked very happy, and it's
allr'ght to erjoy being appreciated, but
he d'dn't swaeger, amd try to boss ether
dogs." Frank nudgrd Bet, who changed
the drift of the story hy wondering if
Romeo got spv of the things sent to the
Johnstown vtt rer." And ail agreed that
he deserved lasting fame for loyalty, faith
fulness, presence ot mind nd mcdestv
thou eh he was ."onb a de " '
fi HRFWD tF who know what' whitt-
"enCTaved goodn." yuick workers mmk Z
XV Pot .of money without r.wk. l'articnla f-,-, t
1 Ylritfht twrtiett by express only. Name v.iur nrwt
1 f jxpre office. AUdre "KXCELS toil V SU RAV
IVlNO CO. " 26 B. Clark be, Chiw lfi.