The alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1889, October 05, 1889, Image 2
he $iUcmce PUBLISHED BT THE ALLIANCE Pi n. CO. LINCOLN, NEBRASKA. NEBRASKA NEWS. Agricultural Statistics. The department of agriculture has issued an interesting work consisting of a series of colored maps with figures and diagrams illustrating the agricul tural statistics of the United States. The first map or chart conveys in 'fig ures and colored diagrams the propor tion of the superficial area of each state that is not in farms, the. proportion of farms that is cultivated or productive, the proportion that is unproductive, and the. proportion of "woodland." The average for the United States is 71.1 per cent not in farms; of the land in farms 15.3 per cent of the entire area is productive, 10.3 per cent in woodland, and 3.3 per, cent unproduc tive. The proportion given for Nebraska is 79.6 per cent in farms, 11.3 per cent productive, 0.7 per cent woodland and 2.3 per cent unproductive. Ohio leads the procession with only 6 per cent of area not in farms, '69.3 per cent pro ductive, 22.9 percent woodland and 1.8 per cent unproductive. ; The chart showing the acreage of corn in 1888 in the various states and the number of acres to one thousand of superficial area, planted to corn, gives the average acres of corn to every thousand acres of superficial area of the United States as 41. The average in Nebraska is 84. The total acreage in the United States was 75,672,763. The acreage in Nebraska was 4,097,067. Anothet chart gives the average yield of corn. The average for the United States for ten years last past is 24.2 bushels per acre. The average yield in Nebraska during the same period is 32.7 bushels. This is the .highest average of my state in the union according to the chart except in Maine, which was 33.9 bushels, New Hampshire which is 34.1 bushels and .Vermont which is 34.3 bushels. But as the entire acreage of these three states is only about one-fortieth f t the acreage of Nebraska, their corn being apparently in little garden patches, the comparison cannot be fairly made. Nebraska Jeads all the great corn state's in the union in the yield per acre for the last ten years, the next to her being Ohio with a yield of 31.7 bushels. Iowa comes next with 30.2 bushels, then Indiana with 29.3, Kansas with 28.3, Missouri with 27 and Illinois with 26.3 bushels per acre. This table is the pride of Nebraskans. In the average value of her cattle per head another table gives Nebraska a flattering figure. It is $24.20. This figure is equalled or exceeded by Colo rado only west of the Ohio, which is put 16 cents higher. The average in the United States is $19.87. , Another chart shows that of the farms in Nebraska 82 per cent are worked by the owners, 3.1 ter cent are rented for money and 14.79 per cent are worked on : snares. It is evident that the "tenant system" is not destroying the spirit of Nebraska farmers. The aver age for the Uniced States is 74.5 per cent of farms worked by owners, 8 per cent rented for money and -14.5 per vcent worked on shares. All Over the Stare. The opening exercises of the new Christian university took place Tues day afternoon at 2 :30 o'clock at Lin coln. Owing to the unfinished condi tion of the building a large dwelling house at the southeast corner of the campus was made to serve as a tempo rary school building. There was a large crowd of happy, expectant peo ple present io witness the opening of the first snssion of the Nebraska Chris tian university. Mrs. Br u& ha, mother of the B. & M. agent at Wilcox, was fatilly injured in a runaway accident Sunday. Cedar Rapids is to have a new ceme tery with a pquare for the Grand Army where a monument will be erected dedicated to the old soldiers. An aged citizen of Ogallala, named A. P. Curtis, started out with a rope to hang himself and had written a fare well note, "I die to please others, when he was discovered and prevented from carrying out his design. He is supposed to have been driven insane by family troubles. There is a great howl among the re- tion of the county central committee in deciding not to call simon-pure re publican convention. As a conse quence seventy-seven republican voters have signed a call for a mass convention- to make nominations. The Seward Reporter says : At the present rate of increase of population, Seward county will surprise the world when the next census is taken. "Within the past ten days thore have been over twenty births in this city and the im mediate neighborhood, so we are in formed, and che returns are not all in yet. - Mrs. John Shinest, of Gilead, Thayer county, is under arrest for attempted murder. While her husband was asleep she stealthily approached and struck him a murderous bio on the head with a corn knife. The wound is considered dangerous. The cause of the dime is unknown. " Peter Waldorf , of Western, is a pret ty good guesser. He came within eleven of guessing the number of pack ages required to build a house of cof fee and yeast on the Omaha fair grounds and gets a fifty pound case of coffee in return for his knowledge. The exact number used was 5,566. A little girl, bound from some point in Kansas to Linscott, this state, fell from her seat in a Burlington train in dead faint. When resuscitated the passengers ascertained that she had not tasted food since she began her journey, and the traveling men on the train purchased her a meal and col lected a purse of $15 and presented it to her. Says the Logan County Pioneer The present acreage and prospective yield of com is the largest in the his tory of this county. It is a problem among our farmers what to do with the mammotti corn crop, and as a solu tion of this problem they are securing all the hogs possible. This demand for porkers has raised the price away above their 'actual worth. Registration. Provisions of the . New Liaw. The new registration law provides for the registration of voters for elec tion purposes in metropolitan cities, cities of the first class and cities of tbe second class, including all portions of the voting precincts in which said cities are situated. Section 1 makes it 1he duty of the mayor and council to prepare books for the registration of voters, and pre scribes the form thereot. Section 2 provides that three super visors of registration shall be appointed by the city council in September of each year for every precinct in such city, and not more than two of whom shall belong to the same political party.. Section 3 provides for the challeng ing of any person who applies for reg istration and prescribes the oath to be administered in such cases. Section 5 provides that the salary of supervisors shall be $3 a day for the time actually employed. Section 8 provides that the days for registration shall be on Tuesday four weeks, the Wednesday of the third week, the Thursday of the second week and the Friday x and Saturday of the first week preceding the day of the November election of each year for gen eral election and on Friday and Satur day of the second week, and on Satur day of the first week preceding the day of all other elections. Section 9 provides that the super visors of registration shall be in session on the days of registration from 8 a.m. until 9 p. m. Section 13 makes it the duty of the city clerk to furnish the supervisors of registration with the necessary books and blanks. Section 16 provides that the regis tration books shall remain in the cus tody of the city clerk. Section 18 provides that the judges of election in each precinct shall have at the polling place on election day the registry books for such precinct, and no vote shall be received unless the name of the voter shall appear on such registry book, unless some voter shall present an affidavit sworn to before the city clerk, or other person appointed by the mayor, and subscribed to by at least two freeholders, setting forth that such person is a qualified voter, and giving his reason for not appear ing before the supervisors of registra tion, i - Section 21 provides that each politi cal party shall be entitled to have a challenger at each place of registration, who shall be assigned a place where he can see every person who presents himself for registration. ; Section 29 provides that any person who shalLregister or procure the regis try of any person through fraud, or who shall vote illegally under the pro visions of this act shall be deemed guilty of a felony, and on conviction shall be sentenced to the penitentiary for a term of not less than one,, nor more than five years. Si ction 30 provides that if any su pervisor of registration shall be guilty of wilful jneglect of duty or corrupt or fraudulent practice in the execution of the same ho shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and on eonviction thereof shall be sentenced to the county jail for hot less than ten or more than sixty days, or fined not less than $100 nor more than $200, or both. Section 31 provides that if any su pervisor, clerk or other officer haviDg custody of records shall destroy, change or mutilate any of the records, he shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and on conviction thereof sha 1 be sen tenced to the county jail for not less than ten days nor more than sixty,, and forfeit his office. Section 32 provides that any person not an officer who shall be guilty of the above offenses shall be sentenced to the county jail for not less than ten days., nor more than sixty days,, and fined not less than $50; nor more than $500, or toth. . Section 33 provides that any person making false oath or affirmation pro vided in this act shall be guilty of a felony, and on conviction thereof shall be sentenced to the penitentiary for a term of not less than one nor more than ten years. Sections 34 to 40 inclusive provides penalties for the violations of the pro visions of this, act, and' for offenses against peace and good order, the per sons provided by law to carry out the provisions of this act. Section 41 provides that no irregu larities or dpfects in carrying out the provisions of this act shall constitute a defense for the violation of the pro visions of this act. Section 41 provides for the publica tion in a newspaper in each city the boundary of election precints, and the time and place of registration. Section 43 provides that the cost of carrying out the provisions of this act shall be paid out of the general fund of such city. THE MAitKKTS CATTLE Butchers' steers . .. 92 50 ;iS 0 Cows.... 'I HOGS Fat . S 7 or 00 at 25 fir (AS HO a3 Oh & s :V$ -.55' (a. 'r,1 i'i: ; ' Stackers 3 SSEEP i 3 WHEAT No. 2 eprinir OATS No. A BYE No. 3 OEN No. 2 new FLAXSEED .. , 1 POTATOES APPLES prbbl 2 HAT Prairie, Dnifc... CATTLE Prime steera 8 ; (M 15 Cows.. .....175 ai2 25 BOGV I air to heavy. 3 05 im 00 Mixed... 8 85 4 OP CATTLE Ciiol ee 4 2( m 25 Stackers and feedara 2 20 'j3 2? HOGS Packing: 4 20 (u& 30 HaEP Natives... 3 75 &4 80 WHEAT 71 oohn m KA iA ITS 'ATTLis. uum raa 'd4 15 FM"i.. , 1 60 'Ji Mixed 8 5 M FOR THE FARMER. Farm. JfotM. He 5s wise who profits by his ow; experience; but he is wiser who also profits by the experience of others. Signing your name before a strang er is not "bread , cast upon the waters," but it is very sure to ''re turn after many days." , Poor butter and poor cheese, for the low quality of which the maker cannot account, may sometimes be traced to impure water. Cornstalks in the silo occupy but one-fifth the space they doin mow or stack; this is a very important con sideration in favor of the silo. If ensilage is no better feed than dry stalks still it has much to com mend it on the score of economy, it is more easily and cheaply stored and fed. : - How about the supply of road dust for hen house, cow stable; privy, etc.? As a'deodorizer, disinfectant and ab sorbent it would be regarded as al most invaluable it it were not so plen ty and so cheap: In reply to a request for a report on the condition of his crops, from a wheat , speculating firm, a farmer writes: "The Lord and I a re in part nership this year; it is nobody's bus iness what or how Ave are doing." Farmers in Central Missouri, ac cording to Column's Rural World, nearly abandoned tobacco-raising. It is estimated that the acreage planted this year will be the smallest since the State was admitted to the Union. During very warm weather the pigs will suffer if they have no fresh war, ter and shade. Some breeds of hogs, such as the Yorkshires, have very tender skins, and it will benefit them to give them a good washing occas ionally. Cleaning the wheat and keeping the offal at home to be fed to sheep and chickens is a short road tor-hick-en pot-pies, fresh eggs, choice mut ton, and dowLy fleece, and innumer able little household comforts and uxuries. Try it once. The pig and the cow in conjunction make a great pair; as co-operators they are a success; harnessed togeth er they would not make a stylish team but they can nevertheless pull the farmer towards prosperity at a very gratifying pace. More farmers should possess the art of nicely slaughtering a lamb, calf or pig, so that it will make an enticing article of trade when he takes it to his nearest town for sale. And more farmers should have such animals to slaughter. An Ohio court has decided that the owner of u dog which sprang in to the road and caused a team of iorse to run away, crippling them selves, bruising the driver, and de stroying the carriage, was responsi ble for mi nam a so done. 1 his is a ust decision. No class of citizens keep a sharper eye on the country's crops, none now better the localities of the best yields than the sharper whose busi ness it is to devise schemes for swindling farmers. The country will soon be lull of them, and where the crops- were- best there will they be thickest. No-succulent food is more greedily eaten by pigs at any age than beets. They may be fed any time from the first thinnings during the growing season to the fully grown roots in Winter. I hey are especially valua ble as a part of the Winter food for breeding sows, and some beets should always be saved for that purpose. J. F. Ryder, of Franklin County, Pa.r writes to the Weekly Tribune that ten or twelve years ago he transferred the bell from a sheep to a young dog which manifested great fondness for sheep s blood, and it broke up the habit completely. Why not, he asks, make it compulsory that every dog wear a bell, and it caught without it that he be shot? A scythe will pull the buckwheat together in bundles that will need no binding except a slight twist of straw around the head, 'setting each bun dle by itself on its butt. When dried by cold weather, the flail on asmooth floor will take out the gram better, cheaper and nearly as quickly as it can be done bv threshing machines.- This is the old fashioned way, and it is as good as any. In reply to an inquiry, the American Cultivator says that a little tar ' on sheep's noses, in Summer is very necessarv to protect them from the fly that lays the egg that produces grub in the head. Sheep will often dig holes in the ground mto wnich to thrust their noses to protect them selves from the attacks of the fly; but it is far better to tar the nose, and thus save them from trouble. We do not understand why cheese is not more generally -used as food by all classes. In England it largely takes the place of meat, which it su persedes, notonly because of its cheap- . . i : ?i. TM. ness, DUb its superiority, xiiu pior. quality of much cheese offered in maket is probably the reason for the popular prejudice against it. We eat more meat in this country than any people in Europe, and cheese ought largely to take its place. Sometimes when a heavy grata crop has been grown the field is more easily prepared for wheat seeding by burning over the stubble. A few fur rows should be plowed next tho fences, to prevent the fire spreading where not wanted. Oat stubble, hovyever large, does not burn as easi ly as that of wheat. Its stalk is not so firm. In burning wheat stubbl-r many Hessian flies will usually bo de stroyed, thus making it safer to sow wheat after wheat. An American Cultivator. A Wonderful Fish in the nlf. Prom the Penpacola News. , Thursday, as Capt. Dixon Reed in his yacht Wallace, was crossing the harbor from the quarantine station, and when about one mile on this side of Town Point, he noticed about 200 yards ahead and to the windward a commotion on the surface of the wa ter. He steered for the spot and ran within twenty feet of one of the larg est and at the same time one of the strangest fish ever seen in these or any other waters. It was milk white and only half as long as it was broad. In breadth Capt. Reed judges, it measured twenty-five to thirty feet. It was shaped somewhat as a spade on a playing card, and bad a head that resembled slightly a turtle's. On each side was a fin, the only ap pendages of the kind the fish had, and with these, assisted by a short tail, he propelled himself through the water. He was flat, fore and aft, and had three ridges across his back athwartships. As the Wallace ap proached the fishf which was lying with his head to the north, the mon ster turned and sized up the vessel with a dark but not wicked-looking eye, and, as he moved m the water, Capt. Reed noticed that hia nether side was of a dark gray color. He seemed to have no seales, ; and he manifested not the least alarm a the yacht bore down upon him. When close upon the fish Capt. Reed bore away, passing, as related, with in twenty feet of the fellow.. The fish remained on the surface,, and- was paddling about whea last seen from the Wallace. Water in Australia,. The future of Australia for the next thirty years will rest the en gineers. The recent discoveries of un derground rivers in the most arid portions of the continent have- given these words a greater significance.. The difficulty of Australia has al ways been the fear that the land will not support a large population.. These discoveries of water dispel that Fear. It now appears that the vol umes of rain which fall: about once in five years over the greater part of the theAustraliancontinentcoveringwith. floods the plains which for fouryears previously have not known more1 moisture than might be given in .En gland by a good falb of dew,. flnd; their way through the porous soil in to channels and chambers beneath the surace, where, at; a depth of one or two thousand feet, they provide an inexhaustible store of tho most precious commodity known to the Australian squatter. It is only to be expected that as more water is brought to the surface the clouds will take up more moisture by evaporation and the rainfall will in crease. Then, with regular rainfall and inexhaustible tanks and creeks, even the Australian squatter might begin to be contented. Macraillan's Magazine. i i mm Maine's "Chalk Pond." A use is at last to be made of the chalk-like deposit on the bottom of the pond known as "Chalk Pond," pear Beddington, Me. Massachusetts capitalists have formed a syndicate, and they intend soon to set to work draining the pond. The Transcript, cf Boston, has an article on the en terprise, in which it is stated that the deposit is known to the scientific world as silicia, and is very valuable comercially. It is made up of tho fossilized remains of millions of in sects, and when taken from tbe water resembles clay. It dries quite rapid ly, and when the water has fully evaporated the color of the substance changes to white, and it bears-a; marked resemblance to magnesia. It is a perfect non-conductor, of heat and an excellent covering for- steam pipes and boilers. There is only one other deposit of the kindi known, in. the world,. and that is ini Germany;!" In Cloven, An old; Scotchman. Andrew Leslie, always rodb a donkey tohis. work,, and tethered him out to. feed while he labored onithe roadi or- whatever else he might be. Finally,, a, gentle man told: him; that he was suspected of putting his-donkey in. the fields, atr. other people's expense "Ehi,. laird 1 could never be tempted tOidio that,, for my cuddle winna eat anything but nettles and thistles,'' One da.y however,, the same, gentleman was riding. along the road, when, he saw Andrew Leslie at work, and his don key up to his knees in.- one f hia own cloven-fields, feeding luxuriously, "Hallov Andrew!" said .he. k1 thought you told me your cuddie would eat nothing but nettles and thistles."- "Ay," was. the reply; "bufe he misbehaved the day. He nearly kicked me ower his heid; sae I put ham in there just to. punish him." Transmission of Heat. Heat is transmitted in three ways by ' conduction, as when the end of a short rod oi iron U placed in a fire and the opposite end becomes warmed this is conducted heat; by conviction by means of currents such as the warming of a mass of water in a boiler, furnace or saucepan; and by radiation, as that diffused from a. piece of hot metal or an open fire. Radiant heat is transmitted like sound or light, in straight linea in every direction, and its intensity diminishes inversely as the the square of the distance from its center or point of radiation. Once a Week. Not Enough There. A citizen of this place was presid ing, some years ago, over the delib erations of a meeting, and things were not goinjf to suit him. He finally de livered the following opinion: "Ac cording to parliamentary law, it re quires a two-thirds vote to carry cnat motion, ana tne cuair ueciues that there are not that many here." The meeting at once adjourned. That . . i -i . . . - itr- m l iecueu n. Atcnison i Jiau. j vuum aion. THE HOUSEHOLD. Flint for HoosewlTM. Ammonia will frequently "restore colors that have been spoiled by acid. Old potatoes- are improved by soaking for awhile in cold water be fore boiling. Folds of newspaper upon a tin or earthen plate makes a satisfactory receptacle for the oilcan; If it is desirable to freshen salt fish quickly, place it in plenty of cold wa ter the flesh side down. Suspend a small bag of charcoal in the cistern. It will have a purify ing effeet upon the water. 1 Ceilings that have been smoked with a kerosene - lamp should be washed off with soda water. Silver may be kept : bright for months by being keot in an air-tight ease with a good-sized piece ot cam phor. ' Spare your temper by inverting the top of thet fruit jar lor a minute in hot t ater before attempting to remove it- The haunts of black ants are lest attractive to the bothersome insects when powdered borax is scattered over them.. " Itis very seldom that the proper stress is laid upon the thorough ven tilation of the bedrooms and the ar ranging of the bed.. - Advice from the medical attendant respecting diet, exercise and manage nsent in the sick room is olte'n iar preferable tomedicine. , "Never scold your wife for crying,'" says- Dr. Agnew. "So long as- a woman can weep she will never do anything desperate, and she will have much more patience than, a dry-eyed woman.!' The labor of ironing is: diminished when clothes are well shaken before hanging out, especially when a wringer removes the (vater: Fringed articles need special attention in this particular.. , r The French water-ices- are- some times made with a syrup of sugar and water boiled until it forms a fine thread between the thumb and. fore finger. This syrup contains- four times as much sugar as wa"ber. Miss Frances Graham French, of Washington, holds the position of lin guist and translator in the bureau ot education, and is' engaged in the work of classi lying 30.000 foreign books in twenty different languages. One way of exterminating red ants 13 to moisten a sponge with water, scatter sugar over it and place on a shelf frequented Ly the pestiferous mites. It will soon be densely popu lated; then is the time to drop it into hot water. The children are- now in their- cradles who will live to see pauperism and drunkenuess swept away, like the hogs that hang over us forweeks till a strong breeze comes, and smite them with the scimitar of light and they are gone. Mrs. Livermore. A good work is being done in some of Boston's suburbs by women's so cieties supporting industrial schools during thelong summer vacations. These schools are generally for girls- alone, and teach sewing and domestic arts, and in some cases fine cooking. There is ofteni waste of. juice and: sugar during the-process ol baking fruit pies. By rolling out an under- paste an inch larger than the plate, and turning it over the fruit whenthe pie is filled the loss will lie prevented. Wet with cold water belore laying the top crust. . English girls are- to be taught laundry work besides- cooking in the boarding schools. A. committee of the-London school board and the oiby. and guilds institute have just completed arrangements for making an! experiment in. this. unique branch. There was more-fairness and com mon, sense ia the ruling of a Southern official, who, being asked, "Is there any law allowing a woman to hold such an office?" answered, "Is there any law forbidding a woman to. hold such, an office?'" andi finding that there was none,, be let the lady who had been appointed keep her position. -Woman's Journal. An attracti ve pin cushion is made by stuffing three silken sacks firmly with bran or any other material and tying them together round the necks with a bow of moire ribbon. The sacks should be six inches high and about four inches in width and made of some pretty shade of pongee silk. They may be all of one color to match the toilet set or of three dif ferent shades. A light fall of cream lace falls from the ribbon bow. It is true economy to adopt all real aids in the laundry room. Among those may be classed a good washing fluid. An ounce of muriate of ammo nia, one ounce of salts of tartar and a box of potashdissolved in a gallon of boiling water produce a cheap and efficacious fluid. Soak the clothes for an hour or two in lukewarm suds containing half a cupful of the liquid, and add the same quantity to the water in which the clothes are boiled. Let the rinsing water be abundant. "A. drapery for doors or upper parts of windows to cover stained glass,or to serve as lambrequin, is made of seine, a fishing rod used in place of a cornice pole; the edge of the seine is finished with" a cord of heavy rope; tackle and blocks are used for drap ing, the rope being fastened to a hook in the center of a coil of rope measur ing ten to fifteen inches in diameter, which is fastened to the corner of the doorway or window. ' It should be arranged in folds across tbe top and then allowed to hang from one side. icn:2i"LTi:r.E ad i::nTi:-LToriE. Home Uaeftal Information Relating to Both Branches. , IAT105S FOR A COW. Frcm n address before an ENglibh dairy aetociation the National Stockman gleans tbe following points in feeding cowe: "NotXtofc was of better money value or mora efficient than the following mixture, the whole of which could be grown on their own fauns: One cwt. wheat, one cwt. oat?, half cwt. white pea9 and quarter cwt. linseed. The whole should be ground together and fed with chopped straw and a little bay. For dairy cows the food should be given In a sloppy state, and, if possible during the Winter months at an even temperature of sixty degrees. The yield of milk depends to a considerable extent on the quantity of liquid taken into the system. A dairy cow living on dry food would require from 8 x to eight gallons of water per day. If tbe wat rct 'd be raised to a tempera ture of sixty degrees a considerable t mount of heat and fat producers would be saved, aud for the same reason the quantity i f raw roots fed to' stock has been greatly reduced within the past few j ears." , SVABLB SCGKJ-SSTIONS. "One of the most careful writers and practical stockmen says correctly that it is not surprising that in the neglected stables we hnd sore throat, Id Horned luegs, diseased eyes, grease or f cratches, farcy, mange and glanders. Nor is it wondei ful that when disease appea it spreads rapidly throe gh the whole studr giiice they have all been exposed to the me kind of provoking causes. Amnio nia is a pucgent gas, and acta powerfully on eyes,- nose and lungs. Since any affection of the wind and sight of the horse greatly damages the animal, it is a sufficient reason for extra care to secure good veKtilation. Throwing damp bed ding forward' ucder the manger defiles tne feed, and tne horse is compelled to breathe poisonous fumes. The bedding had bet ter be removed from the stable entirely each morning;, at least carefully remove all that is wet, and pile the remainder in tbe rear,. rather than under tbe ncse of the horse.. Since the days of close, warm stables, pneumonia and lung troubles are increasing. Extremes of heat and cold tax the system heavily. The cfllce ot the lungs and skin is so essential In tbo work of cleansing the syst(mthat it can not be interrupted without danger. Cole- mais Rural Worlds BEST FEED FOB YOUNG- TCKK-KT8. The best feed for young turkeys and ducks is yolks cf hard boiled eggs, and after they are several days old the white may be added. Continue this for two or three weeks.occssiona ly chopping onions fine, ard sometimes sprinkling the boiled eggs with black pepper. Then give rice," a teacupf ul with enough milk to just cover it, and bod slowly until tne milk is evaporated. Pat in enough more to cover tbe rice again, so that when boiled' down tbe ' second- time it will be soft if pressed between the fingers. Milk mast not be used too freely, as it will get too soft and the grains will adhere together. Stir frequently when boiling. Da not use water with the rice, as it' forma a paste, and the chicks- cannot swallow it. In cold, dunp weather a half-teasp onf ul of cayenne pepper- in a pint of fbur,, worked with lard enough to make it stick together,. will protect them from the diarrheal. This amount of food is suffi cient for two meals for seventy.fi ve chicks. Give all food in shallow- tin panp.. Boiled milk and water,. with a little lime water iu earth occasionally,. is the best dnak un til the chioka- aro two or three moniba old,, when loppered and' buttermilk may take the place of the boiled milk. Tur keys like best to rrost on trees, aad in tbelr absence artiflcal roosts may be made by planting loug-forked locust poles and laying others across the fork?.. They take to this kind of roost readily, as they require plenty oft room. sasniKO. &WL38. Swine properly cired for and suitably fed produce wholesome and good) meat. Afcst ot the dismasts among swine are due to improper feeding and bad manage ment Keeping a pig closely confined in tilthy pens as i overfeeding with corn is quite likely to result in disease of some kind hog eholera, oftentimes. lioea need some variety in their food as well as othev animalF. It is a greai benefit to them to have the range of a piece of j?ra3 lard a clover the best. CI or i a cheap feed for aog9, and sup p mem a what is lacking in tha corn, nderirg it a complete ration. If it is mposf-iblo to allow pasturage for the piga, tbey can at least be kept in clean pens by using earth as bedding, and can be fed wi'h a little mere of a variety of food, including bran, oats, spplep, pota toes, pumpkins and the like. Massadiu setta Plowman. KOAOS1UK -ADOBNMKNT. Some excellent hints as to what may bo done to make the country roadside attrac tive are furnished in a letter from Dorcaa E Collins, of Kltnger Lake, Mich., to Garden and FortL She says: "A striking feature may be added to roadside adornment by sowing the. seeds of wild flowers wheo grass does not readily take root, there being many plants that thrive where it does not. For in stance, if a road is cut thrr ugh a ktoll of sand and gravel, as frequently occurs, the rugged surfaces give little encouragement to grass, while the lupin finds them alto gether congenial. Besides giving a mass ot purple bloom in May, the pretty foliage of this plant covers the ground througa. out the summer. No other sowing than the first is needed, as nature has provided for the dissemination of the seed by the bursting of the pods. The owner of a sandy wayside has obtained very satisfac tory results by gathering seeds from the great variety of flowers bordering the railroad track that bound? his farm on one side, and scattering them broadcast beside the highway. Among these lupin predominates, but LUhospermum hirtum, vetch, wild peas of several varieties, enne flower, butterfly weed, painted cup (JJas tillegla cocilnea), gold'n-rod la great va riety, and Ihe persistent little barebalt. al follow along iu their season. A trouble some washout along this roadway that was filled with brush and other unsightly material to prevent the farther encroach ments of the water, has by skilful pBnt. ing been changed into a place of beanty. Basket willows screen it from the road on tte lower ide, and higher up along tbe slopes, aro set purple lilac, red cedar, bladder out, scarlet maple, wbitewood and osage orange sassafras springing up of itself. Any surplus of the fl -wtr gar den was transferred there. Yards of crimson boursault and yellow rosea trail over tbe brush and flowers in their sea son, act! in the vicinity low Scotch and native roses flourish. The lemon lily and iris add, too, their brightness to the scene, and all these trees and plants thrive without care or attention. This f pot is a favorite nesting plnco for birds, and I am inclined to tbink tbe roses oo tbelr rreeaora irom the pr that Infest tbe gardens to the presence of tbese active neighbors. During tbe .warm days the hens and chicks should have shade. It on a range, and especially ad orchard, tbe difficulty will bo overcome, as they will seek tha shade of the tree?, but when they are cos fined in tbe yarda they mtst be pro vided with some kind of protection from the direct influence of tho sun during the middle of the day. Indiana Farmer. K 8. Carman, of the Rural Xieicr Yorker, w.ys that for fifteen years he baa planted all the new strawberries bo could hear of, and durlnct these years he has raised many new seedlings, "not one of wbtch has chown that it was worthy cf introduction."' Be ramrs three that in the fi'ieen years have been some im provement over older varieties, ot such as have been originated in tbe country at large the Snarpless, Cumberland and Bubach. Only a-Dog,, but a Hero. "Yes,, boys, Homeo deserves to live in history, as be certainly will in the heart of at least one family in Johnstown n Why? Who iaRcmeof Ob, tell us about it. Don't whet a fellow's cuiioslty bo sharp," cried Fred, who being ids uncle's namesake, had special privileges. Unsle Fred bad just return d from the Conemaugh valley, 'bnnglng stories enough to last a year," Frank said. 'On'y they make ma cry," wailed Mj mie. "That's because you are a girl,"' ex claimed little Bert, the smallest, and in his own opinion the bravest of tbe family. 'Now, Uncle Fred begin,"' whispered Mam'e, laying her head over oa her uncle's roomy shoulder. "Well, one night about nix o'clk, I was walking down Main street looking for a supper, and a supper wasn't easy to find, even when you had money to pay for it. I noticed a crowd of men and women in the next block, and when I reached tbcmt.Itsaw tbe attraction was a beauti ful wate r spaniel. 'Come here, Iiamco,. my noble old dog !?'eaid one woman." y If it ain't a dog story!." exclaimed Fred,, in parenthesis; Yes,. Borneo is a dog,"" replied Uncle Fred, "but he bote his honors in a way to shame some men, who, more by acci dent then he have become famous. An other woman said with a sigb,. 'Ah, Ifc meo, il' a pity. Johnstown badnl more such as you; there wouldn't be so many people dead here now.' "I soon learned what was meant. When the South Fisrk Reservoir gave way, and the flood came upon the town, Mrr. Jiret y Romeo's mist rets, flvd to her sister's house taking Romeo with hir. Still the water came sweeping down, i a-hing right through the pailors, and driving them all upstalrr; tben rising to tbe ceiling aud up per floors, to they toon bad to go out p on tbe roof. Suddenly a big wave rushed over them,, carrying Mrs. Kress swiftly down' the stream. Sbe was quickly drawn under by the current, and,, as she disappeared, i Romeo plunged in. Wheu her dres3 came i to the ju-face he grasped . it in his teeth, and pushed her toward a cm-ill frarao house, which ttill resisted tbe waters. His noble effort proved successful, and his mU tress, draggtd o the light frame, felt quite secure p but it was only for a moment.. Another wave of tbe wldenioie, deepening current struck the weak build ing, iu walls yielded with a crash, and woman and dog were again upon the flood. Tbe noble brute swam by his mistress side, keeping her head abova water wbilo sbe was borne upon the current. For over an hour this battle with tbe waves weDt on. Finally the dog succeeded ia bringing his precious charge to A' mi Hall, where she was taken out of tbe water, and carried to the roof lor safety. There her strength failed and she fainted. Then for tbe first time R?mco 'lost his head, as Irt here would say. He thought his mis'res wes dead. He howled frantical ly, ard nothing comforted him until th opened her eyes and put out her ban J to hioo. Then be lay down by her side and went to sleep." He must have been a tirel doggie," said May wiping her eyes. "That's so !" said Frank. "Swimming is hard work." Frank was just taking his first lessons in swimming. "Uncle Fred, what did you mean by saying Romeo would put some folks to shame J" "Mamie never get the wholo of a story till she gets the moral." And Fred's inter, est was evident. "You boys need to get the moral," answered Uncle Fred. "I mean, Mamie, that Romeo dtd not gt proud by being praised. He looked very happy, and it's allr'ght to erjoy being appreciated, but he d'dn't swaeger, amd try to boss ether dogs." Frank nudgrd Bet, who changed the drift of the story hy wondering if Romeo got spv of the things sent to the Johnstown vtt rer." And ail agreed that he deserved lasting fame for loyalty, faith fulness, presence ot mind nd mcdestv thou eh he was ."onb a de " ' fi HRFWD tF who know what' whitt- "enCTaved goodn." yuick workers mmk Z XV Pot .of money without r.wk. l'articnla f-,-, t 1 Ylritfht twrtiett by express only. Name v.iur nrwt 1 f jxpre office. AUdre "KXCELS toil V SU RAV IVlNO CO. " 26 B. Clark be, Chiw lfi.