The alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1889, October 05, 1889, Image 1

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    OFFICIAL 0RGA1I
NEBRASKA
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PER TEAK
IN ADVANCE.
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STATE F ARMS' ALUAHCE.
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"THERE IS NOTHING WHICH IS HUH All THAT IS ALIEN TO HE." Terence.
LINCOLN, NEBRASKA, SATURDAY. OCT. 5, 1889.
NO. 16.
NC
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THE ALLIANCE.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY U0RNIN6.
BY THE
ALUAHCE PUBLISHING CO.
BOHANNAN BLOCK,
Lincoln, - - - Nebraska.
J. BURROWS, : . Editor.
J, M. THOMPSON, Associate Editor.
All commimtoatloiw for tho, paper PhoiiM
be iwMres! to THE AIXIANC. PUBLISH
ING CO., aiul all matters pertainlnjr to ithe
Farmers' Alliance, includitgr subscriptions to
the pape., to the Secretary.
EXPIRATIONS.
Your subscription fcas expired, and unless re
lewtnl within the W" "JT" next flfteen -days,
r satisfactory ar raneraentt mfe
with the editor, your -name will be
removed from T( mr booksandthe
paper discontin il . wd. We trust
you will feel it your duty toend
with us. Should -A. BL,thi8 pamitrraph be
tnarked with a blue cross IT meaks vott.
Take Heed.
HV JOHN BOYLE O'REiar.
Take heed of your Civilization, ye, on your
pyramids built of qulverinsr hearts;
" There are etajres like Paris in '03, where the
commonest men play terrible parts.
Vour statutes may crush, but they cannot Mil
the patient sense of a natural Titfht:
It may slowly move, but thepeople's witl,lfke
the ocean o'er Holland, is always in sight.
' Tis not our fault!" sr.y the rich ones. No;
tis the fault of a system old and strong:;
1 Jut men are the makers of our systems; so
the cure will come, if we own the wrng.
BUSINESS AMOUHCEMEHT.
SEW EDITORIAL MANAGEMENT.
With the issue of Sep. 21 a new man
agement took charge The Alliance,
Mr. J. Burrows, President of the Na
tional Farmer's Alliance, becoming its
Managing Editor, ."with Mr. J. M
Thompson, Secretary Neb. State Alli
ance, Associate Editor.
The scope of The Alliance will be
much broader than heretofore, and it
will aim to embrace a view of our na
tional work in its weekly issues. It
will also have occasional correspon
dence from national leaders.
It is the intention of the new man-
iagement to bring the paper up to a
high standard of excellence, making it
'worthy of the cause of the Alliance and
th support of its members. Mr. Bur
rows brings to the work some experi
ence as a newspaper man. In his early
. life lie learned the trade of printing,
and followed the business many years.
His connection with the Alliance in
this state is known to most of its niem
." bers. lie presided over the meeting
which organized it in 1881, and has
faithfully stood by the organization
from that day to this. Through all its
vicissitudes he has claimed that there
was good in tlie society, that it was a
necessity" to the farmers, and refused
to abandon it. In all the offices he has
held in it he has served without a dol
lar of compensation, and he now aban
dons his business to take charge of the
, Alliance paper. This he cannot do
witliout peerrniary sacrifice, abandon
ing? that which was paying a certain
livlihood for an enterprise which at
best is quite 'uncertain.
The Company, asks the members of
the Alliance to meet'it in tle same
spirit- The paper is an absolut e ne
cessity to the Alliance. With the sup
port of its members it can be made a
grand success.
Remember, Alliance 'men, that The
Alliance is your paper. Its contin
ued existence and success depends upon
you it patronage. We. ask ho subsidies
of money, but only your subscriptions
and support.
. FIVE SUBSCRIBERS
from each Alliance will place the pa
per on a sure fojndation.
TEN SUBSCRIBERS
from each Alliance will enable us to
-enlarge it to double its present size,
and make it the equal of any farmers'
paper in the coi.ntry. We absolute
ly guarantee a full equivalent
for every subscription.
CASH PREMIUMS
For Subscribers.
To all officers of Alliances and others
(Who will canvass for us we will allow a
cash premium of 20 per cent, on all
lifts of five yearly subscriptions and
. upward. That is we will send five copies
one year to separate addresses for four
dollars. This liberal offer will com
pensate our friends for their labors,
and we now urgently request all who
are devoted to the cause to go to work.
Ten subscribers from each alli
, ance will be easily obtained. We in
tend to make TnE Alliance absolute-
ly necessary to' every member.
! We invite our farmer readers to send
us short ai tides on live topics, and
also give us news items of general in-
. terest. - -:" :iy .
No objectionable advertisements
y will be admitted to our columns.
CANVASSERS WANTED.
, Terms $1.00 per year, invariably La
advance.
Trial subscriptions for six months
oO cents. Address
Alliance Publishing Co.
Lincoln, Neb.
EDITORIAL NOTES.
Tanner says he owes everything to
his mouth. There's lots of fellows out
here in the same fix, and they think the
only legal tender is booze.
Roek Island Road Master Mechanic
Twombly with dissipated son Twombly
. m "I
jr. drunk on amy Aram retescopeu
half-a-dozen new grave Another mile
stone to whiskey.
The Omaha Republican wants all of
this year's wra crop made into starch
at Omaha. Probably it wan ts to starch
the Missouri river, set it on end and
show it at the World's Fair.
Blaine-McCokmick , were married
the other day. 'The boy had a smart
-dad, the girl had a rich one. The boy
is in luck. The girl well, if the boy is
like most smart men's boys now-a-days,
she's in the -soup.
Bought in, toobably. The Hastings
Independent, rather late in the day,
comes squarely out for Laws for Con
gress. That fine Italian hand that wields
such potent influence in Nebraska poli
ties shows its velvet touch here. . ,
The Iowa Tribune says: "The cut
throat mortgagors hold the western
farmers down while the railroads, Ar
mour and other trusts go through his
pockets."
It might add that the mortgagors take
the lion's -share while holdiug him down.
The Beatrice Express says: "The city
Avill le idled with farmers the next three
days. The Express hopes the merchants
will re ap a harvest from them."
That's about the size of it. The Ex
press is owned by a railroad contractor
and edited by a doctor.
It is said Ferdinand Ward has learned
the printer's trade at Sing Sing. So,
great names are added to the crafi's
roll of honor. Bon Franklin snatched
lightning from the clouds, but Ferdi
nand Ward snatched half a million from
Wall street, a much greater feat.
Before Henry George's single tax idea
can be practically applied all mortgages
must be paid. Under that system the
community will, own all the land, the
holders only owning the improvements.
The improvements w ill hardly be con
sidered good security for the present
amount of incumbrance.- Well, let her
go Gallagher! If the state will pay the
mortgages we'll try to stand the single
tax. ' . '
It is said times are now as hard in
" free trade" England as in "high tariff"
United States. It is also said that when
we had free trade here we had just as
hard times as Ave have now. y .
These things being true, just note that
the money system of this country and
England are essentially the same. Note,
also, that hard times are always periods
of money contraction. Note, also, that
the most potent, factor influencing the
Avelfare of a country is its money system.
Will Bring the Railroad Compa
nies to Time. A list of questions Avas
submitted to the railroad managers of
Iowa by the commissioners aud gov
ernor. Some of the companies refused,
and some neglected to answer these
question; and some haA'e not yet re
ported. Gov. Larrabee has 'instructed
the Attorney General to bring action
against the recusant roads to compel
them them to obey the law.
The questions prepared by the-gov -
ir are designed to bring out infor
mation which the people have a right to
have, but w hk-h the companies have long
withheld. Some of them aire as folloAvs:
li Names it stockholders, .their tresi-
denee and auwnmt of stock.
2. Salary paid to general -officers
down to diA"iion sujerintendent.
3. A Average daily wages paid '-to em
ployes from station agent down.
A. Names of regular and -other attor
neys employed during the past .year,
and compensation.
5. Number and total mileage (0f so-
called 1,000 and 2,000-mile tickets issued
for other than cash . consideration., and
Avhether said mileage tickets are in
cluded in the gross reseipts.
A Pointer About Costs and Fines.
The costs in all cases of state criminal
prosecutions in Nebraska are assessed
against the general fund. The fines ac
cruing iu all such business go into the
school fund of the tOAvn .or city Avhere
the business arises. Farmers Avill do
Avell to turn this matter over in their
minds. One of the largest items of tax
ation is to defray the expense of our
criminal courts. Nearly all the criminal
business is the outgroAvth of the saloon.
Nineteen-twentieths of the brawls re
sulting in assaults, maiming and mur
der, and consequent trials and big bills
for bailiffs, judges and juries, can be
traced directly to Avhisky. As the costs
are noAv assessed, and the fines turned
over, they constitute a bounty to our
toAvns to create such business. The
town or city gets the fine, the fanners
pay the costs. '.-
One remedy for this state of affairs is
to pass a law that the costs in all crimi
nal cases should be assessed against the
tOAvn or city AA'here the business arose.
This Avould make the city fathers Avatch
their dens a little closer, in order to
save costs.
Another remedy is to destroy the sa
loon. Our advice is to apply both rem
edies at the same time.
. It is time farmers figured out these
things a little sharper. . v "
ITORIAL.
IRRIGATION,
DROUTH AND HOT
WINDS.
The Senate Committee's tour in the
west to investigate the situation of the
country relative to water supply, and
the feasibility of applying a system of
irrigation, has attracted considerable
attention. It has also brought to the
surface an old scheme for constructing
mountain reservoirs for storing the.
waters of the spring and autumn, and
using them for irrigating purposes dur
ing the summer. Considering the
enormous expense involved in this
scheme, and that at best it would be of
comparatively limited application, it
must be dismissed for the present as
impracticable. Enormous areas are to
be considered in this matter. . The
western half of the states of Kansas
and Nebraska, all of Colorado, most of
the Dakotas, and much of Montana
are often, very often, subject to severe
drouths, with accompanying hot winds.
If every canon in the Rocky mountains
was transformed into a reservoir, a
thousand millions of dollars would not
suffice to divert the revivifying waters
to the regions where it is most needed.
The Almighty has furnished the only
agency by which this can be done, and
Major Powell cannot successfully set
up as His rival.
The existing necessity seems to be
for some ameliorating influence upon
our general climatic conditions, causing
more humidity to be taken up by evap
oration over large areas, thus temper
ing heat and causing a more general
distribution of rain. Unless these nat
ural agencies can be brought into play
any general relief from the devasta
tions of drouth cannot be had.
I believe there is a remedy within
our reach, if united efforts are made to
reach it. I do not believe that there are
large areas of fertile soilwhere grass
grows and water is found not far below
the surface, that cannot by man's in
genuity and enterprise be made fit for
habitation. ,
It is generally supposed that the hot
AATnds, which are the most destructive
feature of our drouths, come from some
remote point further south where the
heat may be still greater. This is the
great mistake in relation to hot winds,
and this is the initiatory ; point of a
remedy for the whole trouble. The
fact is, that TnE hot avinds origi
nate exactly where they are
felt. Large areas of land in the re
gions destitute of largo lakes become
superheated hy long PYnnsura
direct rays of the sun at a temperature
of 100 and upAvard, and the still air
resting upon this ground becomes also
superheated. A gentle south wind now
springs up. This superheated air rises,
and by the vacuum thus created the
wind is increased in velocity, and we
have the simoon or hot wind of the
west. Its continuance depends upon
the dryness, duration and extent of the
preceding heat. But it will not ex
tend or do any damage much beyond
the area where the ground Avas so su
perheated. Hot Avinds can only be felt
Avhen the wind is from the south or
southwest. Wind from any other quar
ter at once cools the superheated air.
Hot Avinds prevailed in Dakota this
summer, but did not prevail in -Nebraska.
If they come from remote
points why should not we m Nebraska
have felt those winds before they
reached our Dakota friends? The an
swer is, that the conditions I have .de
scribed as causing the hot winds exist
ed in Dakota and did not exist in Ne
braska. We have known the hot wind
to be felt for a few hours with a south
east wind. But the southeast wind
being cool and moist, soon overcomes
the influence of the heated air. In the
south and southwest wind the air con
tinually rises, but the heated condition
of the earth supplies its place with
more heated air, but in a somewhat less
degree, the mere motion of the atmos
phere tending to coolness. This pro
cess goes on until a uniform tempera
ture is established, either by gradual
process or a storm.
Long continued absence of dew is a
condition precedent of hot winds.
With a certain degree of humidity in
the atmosphere, nightly falling in re
freshing dews, the earth, even where
it was quite bare of vegetation, could
not become so intensely heated as to
heat the air to the extent I have named.
Hence hot Avinds under such condi
tions would be impossible.
From the above facts Ave infer that
hot winds could not exist in a region
where there was a considerable pro
portion of water evenly distributed,
from which there could be enough
evaporation to produce the necessary
humidity to prevent the superheating
of the earth's surface. The great ques
tion now is, can this conditiou be arti
ficially produced orer large areas, at a
cost within the means of the people?
We think it can. Ov r nearly all of
western Nebraska and Kansas, and in
eastern Colorado, and in nearly all of
Dakota, the surface is gently rolling,
with many drawrs, which as we go
westward .become canons. There is
comparatively little country that is so
level that artificial ponds of from one to
ten acres might not be made on nearly
every quarter section. The labor of
constructing these ponds is very little.
It is done with plow and scraper, and
is entirely unskilled labor. Now sup
pose there should be a uniform "move
ment through all the regions I have
named to construct these artificial
ponds on every farm before the ground
i rcjezes this fall. The fall and spring
rains would fill them with water, ready
for evaporation during the next sum
mer. This evaporation would take
place, and the moisture thus raised
would be redeposited in showers or
dews somewhere in . the . great region
brought within the influence of this
system. An interchange of such show
ers and dews would go forward, and
drouths in all the great area named
would be impossible. Then indeed the
benefits portrayed by some enthusiastic
editors to result from Major Powell's
mountain reservoirs would be realized.
An addition of one hundred million
acres of rich but now arid land would be
made to the tillable area of the west."
This movementto be valuable,"must
be general. Over one county it might
have no appreciable effect Over half
a state it could not fail fcf beneficial re
sult s. We sincerely believe, if this
plan could be put iu force over the
western half of the state of Kansas, it
would add $5 per acre to the value of
every acre of land in that half of the
state. And so of Colorado, .Nebraska,
Dakota and Montana. .
In behalf of all the pepple in behalf
of increased production in behalf of
those struggling farmers who have
been so frequently burned out by hot
winds and drouth we ask the press of
the west and north west ! to take up this
subject, and secure a concerted move
ment to put this plan in force.
This irrigating business, the inv esti
gation of the nature and causes of hot
winds, and the means td preA'ent them,
should be under the direction of the
Secretary of Agriculture instead of a
junketing senate committee; and the
secretary should give jthe Avhole sub
ject persistent and , exhaustive atten
tion, until some result ik reached."
The plan we propose Requires no ap
propriation from congreis only a con
certed movement of the' people them
selves for their own benefit.
1B.&M. DEATH TRAP.
On Wednesday, Sept. 2Gth, the B. & M,
killed Mr. John Reilly,; an estimable
farmer living near Crab Orchard, John
son county. It also at! the same time
killed tAvo horses amb demolished a
wagon. !
This death is solely tint result of de
liberate criminal neglect and indiffer
ence on the part of the B, & M. Co. The
place Avhere Mr. Reilly vvas .killed is a
regular death trap; and jat least three
accidents have occurredtthere Avithin a
year or two, one follovvedj by legal pro
ceedings; so that the company kneAV
A-ery'Well the nature of the place. .The
railroad at that point is in a deep cut,
the country road going down to it on a
very steep grade. The road is also on
a curve so that the track cannot be seen
by drivers until they are almost upon
it. Add to this the fact that the road is
further obscured by timber, and you
have all the fatal conditions. On the
26th a strong nortlivvest Avind avjis IjIoav
ing. Mr. Reilly approached the track
from the north,and the train approached
from the east. : ' It is likely that Mr.
Reilly had no sound of 'warning until
he received his death-blow.; A neighbor
Avho Avas a few rods in his rear heard no
te-4be4wbistle or tram-smtnfr1 - -
Mr. Lovett had a horse killed at this
point, and at another time escaped a
fatal accident by turning his team so
suddenly that they snapped his wagon
pole in two. t
This killing of Mr, Reilly is an out
rage. The responsibility for it cannot
be unloaded upon an engineer. It is
the logical result of conditions' Avhich
the managers of the road kneAv all alnuit,
and they ought to be indicted and pun
ished for manslaughter.
TheOnthwaite Bill and the U. P. Road.
Congress is to convene in December.
The Outhwaite bill Avill come up as un
finished business, or be again introduced
as new business. It extends the debt of
the Pacific roads for 'sixty. 'years. In
fact, it is intended to give a claim of one
hundred millions of dollars more or less
to the stockholders of those roads. The
U. P. cost the stockholders nothing.
They never paid in a dollar of .'the orig
inal stock subscriptions. They built
the road with guaranteed bonds given
by the U. S and had twelve million
acres of land, giAen as a clear bounty.
They haA'e received over $2o,000,000 in
dividends, and claim to own 2,000 miles
of branch roads which they have built
out of the surplus earnings of the road,
that is out of their stealings from the
people. In addition to this they really
do own three-fourths of the country
neAvspapers of this state, and yearly all
the city ones, through their juggle of ed
itorial passes in exchange for "adA ertis
ing. And now freight can be sent from
San Francisco by water' to 'Victoria,
then make a detour via the Canada Pa
cific to Winnipeg, and then south to
Omaha cheaper than over the direct
route of the Central and Union Pacific,
less than half the distance. Ask the U.
P. officials about this and they av ill say
"O, the Canada roads have been subsi
dized." O, yes! I see. Yes, yes!
All these expenses are paid out of the
land, and farmers earn the money.
Isn't it about time the government
owned the railroads especially the U.
P. road? ,
Armour and the Lancaster Co. Farmers.
The meeting of farmers held at Bq
hanan hall last Saturday was a grand
success.- Though a very inadequate no
tice had been given, about four hundred
farmers were present; and an intense
feeling against the destruction of the lo
cal beef market by the importation of
dressed beef was shown. Short speeches
Avere made by Messrs. Burrows, editor
of The Alliance; Branson; chairman
of the meeting; Exley, the secretary;
Wolf, Reynolds, and others.
The sentiment of the meeting seemed
to crystalize upon the idea of a boycott
of all people who buy, sell or use Ar
mour meat. A committee AAas appoint
ed to prepare a plan of action, and re
port at the next meeting, which Avas ap
pointed for Saturday, Oct. 5. Every
farmer in Lancaster county is invited to
be present. The committee was Messrs.
Wolf, Griffin, Buitoavs, Bishop, Loder,
and Policy.
Henry W. Grady on the Money Power.
Henry W, Grady is the editor of the
Atlanta Constitution. He is not classed
among the cranks. He ranks v ery high
as an orator, and is a man of fine culture
and great scholarly attainments. Mr.
Grady would not be expected to utter
radical or revolutionary sentiments; but
we have rarely seen any more scathing
portrayal" of the encroachments of the
money power than he gives in the follow
ing extracts from his address before the '
Va. graduates of the Yale Law School.
But when Mr. Grady reaches the ques-1
tion of a remedy he seems to be entirely
at sea. He has not yet solved that pro
blem. To "exalt the citizen , in the
manner he depicts is perfectly right and
proper, but it is no remedy. , The diffi
culty is an economic, not a moral or
metaphysical one. The citizen, or com
binations of certain classes of citizens,
seem already to be exalted above the
power of the government and the reach
of the law. The remedy seems to us to
lie in the direction of securing equality of
opportunity and privilege by withdraw
ing the poAver of certain portions of the
people to tax all the rest tlmnigh the
agency of the law. This would destroy
Avatered stocks and the power to create
them; would restore to government the
exclusive right to issue money, and in
crease its volume; and Avould limit land
OAvnership to the actual users of it. The
evil being the excessive power of indi
viduals through the use of law, the rem
edy can only be found in the restriction
of that power.
"But no man can note the encroach
ment in this country of what may be
called 'the money power' on the rights
of the individual without feeling that
the time is approachiug Avhen the. issue
betAveen plutocracv and the people Avill
be forced to a triaf."
; "The fact that a man ten years from
poA eitv has an income of $20,000,000
and his two associates nearly as much
from the control and arbitrary pricing
of an article of universal rise falls
strangely on the ears of those who hear
it as they sit empty handed, a Idle chil
dren cry for bread. The tendency deep
ens the dangers suggested by the status.
What is to be the end of this swift pil
ing up of Avealth? When the agent of a
dozen men who have captured and con
trol an article of prime necessity meets
the representatives of a million farmers,
from whom they have forced $3,000,000
the year lefore, Avith no more right than
is behind the highwayman who halts
the traveler at his pistol's point, and in
solently gives them the measure of this
year's rapacity, and tells them men
who live by . the sweat of their brows
and stand between God and Nature
that they must submit to the infamy be
cause they" are helpless, then the first
fruits of this system are gathered and
have turned to ashes on the lips. When
a dozen men get together in the morn
ing ami fix the price of a dozen articles
of common use with no standard but
their arbitrary will and no limit but
greed or daring and then notify the
soAereign people of this free Republic
hoAV much, in the mercy of their mas
ters, they shall pay for the necessaries
of life, then the-point of intolerable
shame has been reached."
"Economist have held that wheat,
grown everywhere, could never be cor
nered by capital. And yet one man in
Chicago tied the wheat crop in his hand
kerchief and held it until a sewing wom
an in my city working for ninety cents
a Aveek had to pay him twenty cents tax
on a sack of flour she bore home in her
famished hands. Three men held the
cotton crop until the English spindles
were stopped aiid the lights Avent out iu
three million English homes. Last sum
rner one man cornered pork until he
had' levied a tax of $3 per barrel on ev
ery consumer and pocketed a profit of
millions. The Czar of Russia Avould
not have dared to do these things, and
yet they if re" no secrets in this fret; gov
ernment of ours!"-'.".
"What is the remedy? To exalt the
hearthstone, to strengthen, the home, to
build up the individual, to magnify and
defend the principle of local self-government.
Not in deprecation of the
federal government, but to its glory." .
"Exalt the citizen. As the State is
the unit of government he is the unit of
the State. Teach him that his home is
his castle, and his sovereignity rests be
neath his hat. Make him self-respecting,
self-reliant, and responsible. Let
him lean on the State for nothing that
his own arm can do and the government
for nothing that his State can do. Let
him cultivate independence to the point
of sacrifice and learn that humble tilings
with unbartered liberty are better than
splendors bought Avith its price. Let
him neither surrender his individuality
to government nor merge it with the
mob. Let him stand upright and fear
less a freeman born of freemen sturdy
in his own strength dowering his farii
ily in the sweat of his brow loving to
to his State loyal to his Republic ear
nest in his allegiance wherever it rests,
but building his altar in the midst of
his household gods and shrining in his
own heart the uttermost temple of its
libertv."
. ,
DENOUNCING TRUSTS.
In an editorial under the above title
the Bee alludes to the continued denun
ciation of trusts by political conven
tions, and says that in this matter
"politicians have been paltering with
the people in a double sense, keeping
the : word of promise to their ear and
breaking - it to their hope," and that
"corporate capital in the. form' of trusts
apparently was never more firmly in
trenched than it is at this time." It al
so says: "It is time the people insisted
that their legislators and their repre
sentatives in congress find and apply a
remedy for the large and growing evil."
Now, isn't the Bee "paltering in a dou
ble sense?" Last winter when ottr legis
lature proposed to protect the farmers of
this state from one of the most odious of
the trusts the beef combine the Bee
Avas loud in opjositfcm, and in defence
of the right of that combine to destroy
the beei industry of this state. When
the Minnesota law for the same purpose
was knocked out by a decision A'hich
was probably bought, the. Bee gave its
quick approA-al of the decision.
" Consistency thou -art a jeAvel," etc.
The International Congress.
The Congress of the governments of
the three Americas met in Washington
laet Wednesday. The programme of sub
jects proposed for discussion by this Con
gress is broad' enough and long enough
for an all-winter's session. Among them
is named measures to promote the for
mation of an American customs' union.
Just Avhat the promoter of the meeting,
who is an ultra protectionist, means by
that avc are unable to say. But this we
do know, that the removal of restrictions
upon trade has always lx'enlH'nefieialto
mankind. This holds good whether the
restrictions removed were natural or ar
tificial; whether they consisted of tunnel
ing mountains, bridging rivers, building
canals or railroads, or in removing the
artificial restraints which differences of
races, religions or laws have imposed
upon mankind. If the Congress will es
tablish absolute free trade among the
American governments it will have con
ferred a boon upon the .people of the
western', hemisphere the glory of which
will echo down the ages. ;
Another object named is the securing
of a common legal tender silver coinage.
Added to this should have been the free
coinage of silver on an equality with
gold. But if the first object can be at
tained the other will soon follow. A
common silver currency for the-U. S.,
and Central and. South America would
be a great boon, and undoubtedly'' tend
to promote the trade relations of those
countries. The interests of all of them
would also be promoted by making the
coinage of silver free. We ho'pe this
assembly will be too enlightened to
adopt the short-sighted policy of cheapr
ening their own products by limiting
their money volume.
What may be the outcome of an as
sembly which is merely ' deliberative,
and has no power to enact a law, no
one can tell; but it may' be very import
ant and far-reaching. If the English
speaking race is destined fo rule the
world, as Mr. Gladstone not long since
predicted, Ave have here the elements of
a combination that might easily rule
the English-speaking race.
THE SOUTHERN FARMERS.
As an illustration of thepoAvei'of com
bination, the destruction of the jute
trust by the Alliance of the southern
states is unexcelled. Jute bagging has
long been the exclusive material for
covering cotton. As it seemed that no
other material could be substituted, the
bag manufacturers made a combine to
put jute bagging at a monopoly price.
The members of the southern Alliance
resolved to tise no more jute bagging,
and took steps to 'have cotton bagging
manufactured as a substitute, and their
action was crowned with success. The
jute trust is effectually destroyed, and
jute bagging will go begging on the
market at to say the least reasonable,
prices. Jute bagging has its uses, and
it is not to the interest of the southern
farmers to destroy the jute industry,
unless by so ..doing they substitute a
greater industry the staple for which is
produced in this'country. It seems that
they are in a fair way to do this, as the
use of cotton bagging for baling cotton,
while perfectly successful, makes a new
market for the cheaper grades of .cotton.
If. cotton can be used for baling, it can
be applied to many other uses for which
jute has Wen the only material. The
magnitude of this change may be seen
when it is considered that there are
7,000,000 bales of cotton, and several
yards of cloth are consumed for each
bale. . ,
Again is the power of combination il
lustrated. The farmers of the United
States have the power to crush every
trust in the United States if they will
only combine and judiciously use it.
RESTORE SILVER.
''The money mongers in session at
Kansas City took no decided action in
relation ts silver coinage. Mr. St. John
of New York recommended that four
millions a month, of 412i grains' per
dollar, be coined; that the legal tender
notes of the government be withdrawn,
and gold and silver certificates he made
legal tender. This .resolution was re
ferred to the next executive council.
This proposition,' if "'practically car
ried out, would leave gold alone as the
standard of value, as it is now, ami
leave silver as a commodity, the market
value of which Avould be fixed in Lon
don by English : council bills, as it is
now. Then, with the disappearance of
our national bank currency v prices
would continue to go down, and the
money men continue their harvest of
spoliation.
Restore silver to its position before it
was demonetized, 'making' its coinage
free exactly like gold, Then issue a na
tional currency direct to the people,
at cost of issue, based on land security.
Then "hard times will come again no
more." Until some such plan is adopt
ed nothing need be said about with
drawing the greenbacks.
A Flurry in the Money Market.
On Sept. 30, money on call in New
York commanded as high as 20 to 2.i
per cent. All sorts of reasons are given
by the money mongers for this condi
tion, none of them very satisfactory.
With thirty thousand, millions of debt
and only one thousand six hundred
millions of money with all kinds of
business based on confidence,and that
getting a little shaky it seems as though
Ave avciv, on dangerons ground. But
Bradstreet can palaver it up all right.
'Money and Brains Rule this lountrj."
J.v Burrows in Farmers' Voice.
The above caption was a remark tnado
to me by a gentleman of Lincoln who
has quite an amount of money, but :v
very limited modicum of brains. It is a
common remark, and is thought to 1k
true by this class of men. But as a
matter of fact nothing is further from
the truth. .
Money certainly, at this time," rule.
the country; but there never was a time
in our history when brains had so little
to do with it.
Let us look at a few fact connected
with money "money and bra i us," a
these gentlemen have it.
Silver is one of the leading product
of our mines, and is one of tho money
metals of the world. We demonetized
silver, thus destroying one of its lest
markets and aiding in depreciating its
value to an extent never before known.
The influence of money accomplished
this, with our assistance foreign mn
ey which vvas used "against our interest.
I believe it is now generally conceded
that "brains" had little to do Avith it.
What Would be thought of a farmer
who would do alt in his power to de
stroy the market and lessen the value of -one
of his leading products, like wheat,
before offering it for sale. This i
what we did with silver.
Again, ours was a debtor country,
and our securities were held abroad to
a large' amount. We were buying mon
ey with products to pay our inteivst t
the extent of $100,000,000 a year. ; ,
Sound business principles demanded
that we should hold up the purchasing- t
power of products, thereby cheapening
money, so we might the more easily
meet our obligations. What did w e do?
We joined Germany ami the Latin Un
ion in throwing one of the precious
metals by far the larger one in volume
out of use as money, thereby largely
increasing the value of money and di
minishing the value of products? and of
course in the same ratio increasing the
value of our securities abroad ami the
burden of paying them. I want your
farmer readers to fully realize that, a
we buy money with products, just as wo
diminish the value of products we in
crease the burden of debt.
x ins was a nauonai transaction, car
ried out by the men who "rule" the
country. How much "brains" was in
it?
In fact, was it not the worst fool op
eration any country ever perpetrated?
joining with our debtors to increase our
debt and make its payment more diffi
cult. Again, we are great exporters i. e.,
sellers of food products, which the
world must have, no matter Avhat their
price.
Now. in this regard, what would he
to our interest? Manifestly to so man
ipulate the world's money as to main
tain the price of our products to jo
manage as to obtain tin; largest amount
of money for what Ave have to sell.
This is what "brains" would dictate.
What did vve do? We did all in our
power to lessen the v olunmof the world.
money, thnsdiminishingthe v alue of our
exports which the world nuis-t have, and .
proportionately increasing our burdens
as debtors.
As large producers of silver, as a debt
or nation with hundreds of millions of
our securities drawing interest abroad,
as a great exporter. of food product,
"brains" would have dictated exactly
the reverse of the policy that lias been
pursued. One thousand millions of dol
lars would not make good to this nation
the loss it has suffered by this fool man
agement by this divorcing of " bruins"
from sound finance.
This Kiiicidakpolicy has lnn dictated
by the men whose business i dealing in
money whose income is derived from
interest. Their sole object is to enhance
the value of money, or incomes derived
from lending money, in its relation to
labor to control labor by controlling
money. Think of the comparative
smallness of the class which accom
plished this.
Arrayed against it in numbers as well
as in fact and interest, are all la I Hirers,
farmers, miners, merchants, manufac- .
turcrs, artisans, lawyers, teachers in
short, all men of all other classes.
In all this connection "brains" may
be counted out. No such national stu
pidity w as ever illustrated More.
Some Ojiecr Fact4 About Wool and Tir
1 iff Sentiment.
Texas has 26(5,000 square miles of ter
ritory, while New England, New York,
New Jersey and Pennsylvania combined
have only 167,000. These states have,
according to the report of the agricul
tural department., for 1888. y,8rG,000
sheep, w hile Texas has 4.523.000. Texas,
with l,r00,000 population, has nearly
three sheep for each inhabitant, while
j New England, new York, New Jersey
and 1 cnnsylvania have about one slice
for every three inhabitants. The funny
part of all this is that the lat named
states vote two-third. to tax wool, and
.thus tax their people largely for one of
the common necessaries of life, while
Texas, with nearly three time. as many
sheep a -people, votes solidly in con
gress for free wool.
The Iowa Tribune says: "The demo
crat in state convention forgot to say
anything about th'e Cleveland free loan
that Harrison still leaves with the bank
after promising to pay United State
bonds off with it, but instead unani
mously adopted a resolution endorsing
Mr. Cleveland with his unti-silver and
free bank loans, and all other Wall
street principles. This is not an age of
progress ? with the old partios. .They
are both as low down before the money
moloch as it i possible to get, both are
preparing to crawl into their shells."
The Meanest Conro ration on the
Earth. The fare from Lincoln to Be
atrice, if you boy a ticket, is $1,20. But
if you are caught on the B. & M. train
without a ticket you will be mulcted 30
cents extra, besides the usual 2.ct rebate.
Thore is no other corporation not even
the U. P. that can get down to smaller
business than that.