The alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1889, October 05, 1889, Image 1
OFFICIAL 0RGA1I NEBRASKA SI .00 PER TEAK IN ADVANCE. 7 1 MA STATE F ARMS' ALUAHCE. I l "THERE IS NOTHING WHICH IS HUH All THAT IS ALIEN TO HE." Terence. LINCOLN, NEBRASKA, SATURDAY. OCT. 5, 1889. NO. 16. NC TtT. T f - - J r J- t 1 i ? 1 u... is Jfi ' 5s 'I 7 . : . ' I THE ALLIANCE. PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY U0RNIN6. BY THE ALUAHCE PUBLISHING CO. BOHANNAN BLOCK, Lincoln, - - - Nebraska. J. BURROWS, : . Editor. J, M. THOMPSON, Associate Editor. All commimtoatloiw for tho, paper PhoiiM be iwMres! to THE AIXIANC. PUBLISH ING CO., aiul all matters pertainlnjr to ithe Farmers' Alliance, includitgr subscriptions to the pape., to the Secretary. EXPIRATIONS. Your subscription fcas expired, and unless re lewtnl within the W" "JT" next flfteen -days, r satisfactory ar raneraentt mfe with the editor, your -name will be removed from T( mr booksandthe paper discontin il . wd. We trust you will feel it your duty toend with us. Should -A. BL,thi8 pamitrraph be tnarked with a blue cross IT meaks vott. Take Heed. HV JOHN BOYLE O'REiar. Take heed of your Civilization, ye, on your pyramids built of qulverinsr hearts; " There are etajres like Paris in '03, where the commonest men play terrible parts. Vour statutes may crush, but they cannot Mil the patient sense of a natural Titfht: It may slowly move, but thepeople's witl,lfke the ocean o'er Holland, is always in sight. ' Tis not our fault!" sr.y the rich ones. No; tis the fault of a system old and strong:; 1 Jut men are the makers of our systems; so the cure will come, if we own the wrng. BUSINESS AMOUHCEMEHT. SEW EDITORIAL MANAGEMENT. With the issue of Sep. 21 a new man agement took charge The Alliance, Mr. J. Burrows, President of the Na tional Farmer's Alliance, becoming its Managing Editor, ."with Mr. J. M Thompson, Secretary Neb. State Alli ance, Associate Editor. The scope of The Alliance will be much broader than heretofore, and it will aim to embrace a view of our na tional work in its weekly issues. It will also have occasional correspon dence from national leaders. It is the intention of the new man- iagement to bring the paper up to a high standard of excellence, making it 'worthy of the cause of the Alliance and th support of its members. Mr. Bur rows brings to the work some experi ence as a newspaper man. In his early . life lie learned the trade of printing, and followed the business many years. His connection with the Alliance in this state is known to most of its niem ." bers. lie presided over the meeting which organized it in 1881, and has faithfully stood by the organization from that day to this. Through all its vicissitudes he has claimed that there was good in tlie society, that it was a necessity" to the farmers, and refused to abandon it. In all the offices he has held in it he has served without a dol lar of compensation, and he now aban dons his business to take charge of the , Alliance paper. This he cannot do witliout peerrniary sacrifice, abandon ing? that which was paying a certain livlihood for an enterprise which at best is quite 'uncertain. The Company, asks the members of the Alliance to meet'it in tle same spirit- The paper is an absolut e ne cessity to the Alliance. With the sup port of its members it can be made a grand success. Remember, Alliance 'men, that The Alliance is your paper. Its contin ued existence and success depends upon you it patronage. We. ask ho subsidies of money, but only your subscriptions and support. . FIVE SUBSCRIBERS from each Alliance will place the pa per on a sure fojndation. TEN SUBSCRIBERS from each Alliance will enable us to -enlarge it to double its present size, and make it the equal of any farmers' paper in the coi.ntry. We absolute ly guarantee a full equivalent for every subscription. CASH PREMIUMS For Subscribers. To all officers of Alliances and others (Who will canvass for us we will allow a cash premium of 20 per cent, on all lifts of five yearly subscriptions and . upward. That is we will send five copies one year to separate addresses for four dollars. This liberal offer will com pensate our friends for their labors, and we now urgently request all who are devoted to the cause to go to work. Ten subscribers from each alli , ance will be easily obtained. We in tend to make TnE Alliance absolute- ly necessary to' every member. ! We invite our farmer readers to send us short ai tides on live topics, and also give us news items of general in- . terest. - -:" :iy . No objectionable advertisements y will be admitted to our columns. CANVASSERS WANTED. , Terms $1.00 per year, invariably La advance. Trial subscriptions for six months oO cents. Address Alliance Publishing Co. Lincoln, Neb. EDITORIAL NOTES. Tanner says he owes everything to his mouth. There's lots of fellows out here in the same fix, and they think the only legal tender is booze. Roek Island Road Master Mechanic Twombly with dissipated son Twombly . m "I jr. drunk on amy Aram retescopeu half-a-dozen new grave Another mile stone to whiskey. The Omaha Republican wants all of this year's wra crop made into starch at Omaha. Probably it wan ts to starch the Missouri river, set it on end and show it at the World's Fair. Blaine-McCokmick , were married the other day. 'The boy had a smart -dad, the girl had a rich one. The boy is in luck. The girl well, if the boy is like most smart men's boys now-a-days, she's in the -soup. Bought in, toobably. The Hastings Independent, rather late in the day, comes squarely out for Laws for Con gress. That fine Italian hand that wields such potent influence in Nebraska poli ties shows its velvet touch here. . , The Iowa Tribune says: "The cut throat mortgagors hold the western farmers down while the railroads, Ar mour and other trusts go through his pockets." It might add that the mortgagors take the lion's -share while holdiug him down. The Beatrice Express says: "The city Avill le idled with farmers the next three days. The Express hopes the merchants will re ap a harvest from them." That's about the size of it. The Ex press is owned by a railroad contractor and edited by a doctor. It is said Ferdinand Ward has learned the printer's trade at Sing Sing. So, great names are added to the crafi's roll of honor. Bon Franklin snatched lightning from the clouds, but Ferdi nand Ward snatched half a million from Wall street, a much greater feat. Before Henry George's single tax idea can be practically applied all mortgages must be paid. Under that system the community will, own all the land, the holders only owning the improvements. The improvements w ill hardly be con sidered good security for the present amount of incumbrance.- Well, let her go Gallagher! If the state will pay the mortgages we'll try to stand the single tax. ' . ' It is said times are now as hard in " free trade" England as in "high tariff" United States. It is also said that when we had free trade here we had just as hard times as Ave have now. y . These things being true, just note that the money system of this country and England are essentially the same. Note, also, that hard times are always periods of money contraction. Note, also, that the most potent, factor influencing the Avelfare of a country is its money system. Will Bring the Railroad Compa nies to Time. A list of questions Avas submitted to the railroad managers of Iowa by the commissioners aud gov ernor. Some of the companies refused, and some neglected to answer these question; and some haA'e not yet re ported. Gov. Larrabee has 'instructed the Attorney General to bring action against the recusant roads to compel them them to obey the law. The questions prepared by the-gov - ir are designed to bring out infor mation which the people have a right to have, but w hk-h the companies have long withheld. Some of them aire as folloAvs: li Names it stockholders, .their tresi- denee and auwnmt of stock. 2. Salary paid to general -officers down to diA"iion sujerintendent. 3. A Average daily wages paid '-to em ployes from station agent down. A. Names of regular and -other attor neys employed during the past .year, and compensation. 5. Number and total mileage (0f so- called 1,000 and 2,000-mile tickets issued for other than cash . consideration., and Avhether said mileage tickets are in cluded in the gross reseipts. A Pointer About Costs and Fines. The costs in all cases of state criminal prosecutions in Nebraska are assessed against the general fund. The fines ac cruing iu all such business go into the school fund of the tOAvn .or city Avhere the business arises. Farmers Avill do Avell to turn this matter over in their minds. One of the largest items of tax ation is to defray the expense of our criminal courts. Nearly all the criminal business is the outgroAvth of the saloon. Nineteen-twentieths of the brawls re sulting in assaults, maiming and mur der, and consequent trials and big bills for bailiffs, judges and juries, can be traced directly to Avhisky. As the costs are noAv assessed, and the fines turned over, they constitute a bounty to our toAvns to create such business. The town or city gets the fine, the fanners pay the costs. '.- One remedy for this state of affairs is to pass a law that the costs in all crimi nal cases should be assessed against the tOAvn or city AA'here the business arose. This Avould make the city fathers Avatch their dens a little closer, in order to save costs. Another remedy is to destroy the sa loon. Our advice is to apply both rem edies at the same time. . It is time farmers figured out these things a little sharper. . v " ITORIAL. IRRIGATION, DROUTH AND HOT WINDS. The Senate Committee's tour in the west to investigate the situation of the country relative to water supply, and the feasibility of applying a system of irrigation, has attracted considerable attention. It has also brought to the surface an old scheme for constructing mountain reservoirs for storing the. waters of the spring and autumn, and using them for irrigating purposes dur ing the summer. Considering the enormous expense involved in this scheme, and that at best it would be of comparatively limited application, it must be dismissed for the present as impracticable. Enormous areas are to be considered in this matter. . The western half of the states of Kansas and Nebraska, all of Colorado, most of the Dakotas, and much of Montana are often, very often, subject to severe drouths, with accompanying hot winds. If every canon in the Rocky mountains was transformed into a reservoir, a thousand millions of dollars would not suffice to divert the revivifying waters to the regions where it is most needed. The Almighty has furnished the only agency by which this can be done, and Major Powell cannot successfully set up as His rival. The existing necessity seems to be for some ameliorating influence upon our general climatic conditions, causing more humidity to be taken up by evap oration over large areas, thus temper ing heat and causing a more general distribution of rain. Unless these nat ural agencies can be brought into play any general relief from the devasta tions of drouth cannot be had. I believe there is a remedy within our reach, if united efforts are made to reach it. I do not believe that there are large areas of fertile soilwhere grass grows and water is found not far below the surface, that cannot by man's in genuity and enterprise be made fit for habitation. , It is generally supposed that the hot AATnds, which are the most destructive feature of our drouths, come from some remote point further south where the heat may be still greater. This is the great mistake in relation to hot winds, and this is the initiatory ; point of a remedy for the whole trouble. The fact is, that TnE hot avinds origi nate exactly where they are felt. Large areas of land in the re gions destitute of largo lakes become superheated hy long PYnnsura direct rays of the sun at a temperature of 100 and upAvard, and the still air resting upon this ground becomes also superheated. A gentle south wind now springs up. This superheated air rises, and by the vacuum thus created the wind is increased in velocity, and we have the simoon or hot wind of the west. Its continuance depends upon the dryness, duration and extent of the preceding heat. But it will not ex tend or do any damage much beyond the area where the ground Avas so su perheated. Hot Avinds can only be felt Avhen the wind is from the south or southwest. Wind from any other quar ter at once cools the superheated air. Hot Avinds prevailed in Dakota this summer, but did not prevail in -Nebraska. If they come from remote points why should not we m Nebraska have felt those winds before they reached our Dakota friends? The an swer is, that the conditions I have .de scribed as causing the hot winds exist ed in Dakota and did not exist in Ne braska. We have known the hot wind to be felt for a few hours with a south east wind. But the southeast wind being cool and moist, soon overcomes the influence of the heated air. In the south and southwest wind the air con tinually rises, but the heated condition of the earth supplies its place with more heated air, but in a somewhat less degree, the mere motion of the atmos phere tending to coolness. This pro cess goes on until a uniform tempera ture is established, either by gradual process or a storm. Long continued absence of dew is a condition precedent of hot winds. With a certain degree of humidity in the atmosphere, nightly falling in re freshing dews, the earth, even where it was quite bare of vegetation, could not become so intensely heated as to heat the air to the extent I have named. Hence hot Avinds under such condi tions would be impossible. From the above facts Ave infer that hot winds could not exist in a region where there was a considerable pro portion of water evenly distributed, from which there could be enough evaporation to produce the necessary humidity to prevent the superheating of the earth's surface. The great ques tion now is, can this conditiou be arti ficially produced orer large areas, at a cost within the means of the people? We think it can. Ov r nearly all of western Nebraska and Kansas, and in eastern Colorado, and in nearly all of Dakota, the surface is gently rolling, with many drawrs, which as we go westward .become canons. There is comparatively little country that is so level that artificial ponds of from one to ten acres might not be made on nearly every quarter section. The labor of constructing these ponds is very little. It is done with plow and scraper, and is entirely unskilled labor. Now sup pose there should be a uniform "move ment through all the regions I have named to construct these artificial ponds on every farm before the ground i rcjezes this fall. The fall and spring rains would fill them with water, ready for evaporation during the next sum mer. This evaporation would take place, and the moisture thus raised would be redeposited in showers or dews somewhere in . the . great region brought within the influence of this system. An interchange of such show ers and dews would go forward, and drouths in all the great area named would be impossible. Then indeed the benefits portrayed by some enthusiastic editors to result from Major Powell's mountain reservoirs would be realized. An addition of one hundred million acres of rich but now arid land would be made to the tillable area of the west." This movementto be valuable,"must be general. Over one county it might have no appreciable effect Over half a state it could not fail fcf beneficial re sult s. We sincerely believe, if this plan could be put iu force over the western half of the state of Kansas, it would add $5 per acre to the value of every acre of land in that half of the state. And so of Colorado, .Nebraska, Dakota and Montana. . In behalf of all the pepple in behalf of increased production in behalf of those struggling farmers who have been so frequently burned out by hot winds and drouth we ask the press of the west and north west ! to take up this subject, and secure a concerted move ment to put this plan in force. This irrigating business, the inv esti gation of the nature and causes of hot winds, and the means td preA'ent them, should be under the direction of the Secretary of Agriculture instead of a junketing senate committee; and the secretary should give jthe Avhole sub ject persistent and , exhaustive atten tion, until some result ik reached." The plan we propose Requires no ap propriation from congreis only a con certed movement of the' people them selves for their own benefit. 1B.&M. DEATH TRAP. On Wednesday, Sept. 2Gth, the B. & M, killed Mr. John Reilly,; an estimable farmer living near Crab Orchard, John son county. It also at! the same time killed tAvo horses amb demolished a wagon. ! This death is solely tint result of de liberate criminal neglect and indiffer ence on the part of the B, & M. Co. The place Avhere Mr. Reilly vvas .killed is a regular death trap; and jat least three accidents have occurredtthere Avithin a year or two, one follovvedj by legal pro ceedings; so that the company kneAV A-ery'Well the nature of the place. .The railroad at that point is in a deep cut, the country road going down to it on a very steep grade. The road is also on a curve so that the track cannot be seen by drivers until they are almost upon it. Add to this the fact that the road is further obscured by timber, and you have all the fatal conditions. On the 26th a strong nortlivvest Avind avjis IjIoav ing. Mr. Reilly approached the track from the north,and the train approached from the east. : ' It is likely that Mr. Reilly had no sound of 'warning until he received his death-blow.; A neighbor Avho Avas a few rods in his rear heard no te-4be4wbistle or tram-smtnfr1 - - Mr. Lovett had a horse killed at this point, and at another time escaped a fatal accident by turning his team so suddenly that they snapped his wagon pole in two. t This killing of Mr, Reilly is an out rage. The responsibility for it cannot be unloaded upon an engineer. It is the logical result of conditions' Avhich the managers of the road kneAv all alnuit, and they ought to be indicted and pun ished for manslaughter. TheOnthwaite Bill and the U. P. Road. Congress is to convene in December. The Outhwaite bill Avill come up as un finished business, or be again introduced as new business. It extends the debt of the Pacific roads for 'sixty. 'years. In fact, it is intended to give a claim of one hundred millions of dollars more or less to the stockholders of those roads. The U. P. cost the stockholders nothing. They never paid in a dollar of .'the orig inal stock subscriptions. They built the road with guaranteed bonds given by the U. S and had twelve million acres of land, giAen as a clear bounty. They haA'e received over $2o,000,000 in dividends, and claim to own 2,000 miles of branch roads which they have built out of the surplus earnings of the road, that is out of their stealings from the people. In addition to this they really do own three-fourths of the country neAvspapers of this state, and yearly all the city ones, through their juggle of ed itorial passes in exchange for "adA ertis ing. And now freight can be sent from San Francisco by water' to 'Victoria, then make a detour via the Canada Pa cific to Winnipeg, and then south to Omaha cheaper than over the direct route of the Central and Union Pacific, less than half the distance. Ask the U. P. officials about this and they av ill say "O, the Canada roads have been subsi dized." O, yes! I see. Yes, yes! All these expenses are paid out of the land, and farmers earn the money. Isn't it about time the government owned the railroads especially the U. P. road? , Armour and the Lancaster Co. Farmers. The meeting of farmers held at Bq hanan hall last Saturday was a grand success.- Though a very inadequate no tice had been given, about four hundred farmers were present; and an intense feeling against the destruction of the lo cal beef market by the importation of dressed beef was shown. Short speeches Avere made by Messrs. Burrows, editor of The Alliance; Branson; chairman of the meeting; Exley, the secretary; Wolf, Reynolds, and others. The sentiment of the meeting seemed to crystalize upon the idea of a boycott of all people who buy, sell or use Ar mour meat. A committee AAas appoint ed to prepare a plan of action, and re port at the next meeting, which Avas ap pointed for Saturday, Oct. 5. Every farmer in Lancaster county is invited to be present. The committee was Messrs. Wolf, Griffin, Buitoavs, Bishop, Loder, and Policy. Henry W. Grady on the Money Power. Henry W, Grady is the editor of the Atlanta Constitution. He is not classed among the cranks. He ranks v ery high as an orator, and is a man of fine culture and great scholarly attainments. Mr. Grady would not be expected to utter radical or revolutionary sentiments; but we have rarely seen any more scathing portrayal" of the encroachments of the money power than he gives in the follow ing extracts from his address before the ' Va. graduates of the Yale Law School. But when Mr. Grady reaches the ques-1 tion of a remedy he seems to be entirely at sea. He has not yet solved that pro blem. To "exalt the citizen , in the manner he depicts is perfectly right and proper, but it is no remedy. , The diffi culty is an economic, not a moral or metaphysical one. The citizen, or com binations of certain classes of citizens, seem already to be exalted above the power of the government and the reach of the law. The remedy seems to us to lie in the direction of securing equality of opportunity and privilege by withdraw ing the poAver of certain portions of the people to tax all the rest tlmnigh the agency of the law. This would destroy Avatered stocks and the power to create them; would restore to government the exclusive right to issue money, and in crease its volume; and Avould limit land OAvnership to the actual users of it. The evil being the excessive power of indi viduals through the use of law, the rem edy can only be found in the restriction of that power. "But no man can note the encroach ment in this country of what may be called 'the money power' on the rights of the individual without feeling that the time is approachiug Avhen the. issue betAveen plutocracv and the people Avill be forced to a triaf." ; "The fact that a man ten years from poA eitv has an income of $20,000,000 and his two associates nearly as much from the control and arbitrary pricing of an article of universal rise falls strangely on the ears of those who hear it as they sit empty handed, a Idle chil dren cry for bread. The tendency deep ens the dangers suggested by the status. What is to be the end of this swift pil ing up of Avealth? When the agent of a dozen men who have captured and con trol an article of prime necessity meets the representatives of a million farmers, from whom they have forced $3,000,000 the year lefore, Avith no more right than is behind the highwayman who halts the traveler at his pistol's point, and in solently gives them the measure of this year's rapacity, and tells them men who live by . the sweat of their brows and stand between God and Nature that they must submit to the infamy be cause they" are helpless, then the first fruits of this system are gathered and have turned to ashes on the lips. When a dozen men get together in the morn ing ami fix the price of a dozen articles of common use with no standard but their arbitrary will and no limit but greed or daring and then notify the soAereign people of this free Republic hoAV much, in the mercy of their mas ters, they shall pay for the necessaries of life, then the-point of intolerable shame has been reached." "Economist have held that wheat, grown everywhere, could never be cor nered by capital. And yet one man in Chicago tied the wheat crop in his hand kerchief and held it until a sewing wom an in my city working for ninety cents a Aveek had to pay him twenty cents tax on a sack of flour she bore home in her famished hands. Three men held the cotton crop until the English spindles were stopped aiid the lights Avent out iu three million English homes. Last sum rner one man cornered pork until he had' levied a tax of $3 per barrel on ev ery consumer and pocketed a profit of millions. The Czar of Russia Avould not have dared to do these things, and yet they if re" no secrets in this fret; gov ernment of ours!"-'.". "What is the remedy? To exalt the hearthstone, to strengthen, the home, to build up the individual, to magnify and defend the principle of local self-government. Not in deprecation of the federal government, but to its glory." . "Exalt the citizen. As the State is the unit of government he is the unit of the State. Teach him that his home is his castle, and his sovereignity rests be neath his hat. Make him self-respecting, self-reliant, and responsible. Let him lean on the State for nothing that his own arm can do and the government for nothing that his State can do. Let him cultivate independence to the point of sacrifice and learn that humble tilings with unbartered liberty are better than splendors bought Avith its price. Let him neither surrender his individuality to government nor merge it with the mob. Let him stand upright and fear less a freeman born of freemen sturdy in his own strength dowering his farii ily in the sweat of his brow loving to to his State loyal to his Republic ear nest in his allegiance wherever it rests, but building his altar in the midst of his household gods and shrining in his own heart the uttermost temple of its libertv." . , DENOUNCING TRUSTS. In an editorial under the above title the Bee alludes to the continued denun ciation of trusts by political conven tions, and says that in this matter "politicians have been paltering with the people in a double sense, keeping the : word of promise to their ear and breaking - it to their hope," and that "corporate capital in the. form' of trusts apparently was never more firmly in trenched than it is at this time." It al so says: "It is time the people insisted that their legislators and their repre sentatives in congress find and apply a remedy for the large and growing evil." Now, isn't the Bee "paltering in a dou ble sense?" Last winter when ottr legis lature proposed to protect the farmers of this state from one of the most odious of the trusts the beef combine the Bee Avas loud in opjositfcm, and in defence of the right of that combine to destroy the beei industry of this state. When the Minnesota law for the same purpose was knocked out by a decision A'hich was probably bought, the. Bee gave its quick approA-al of the decision. " Consistency thou -art a jeAvel," etc. The International Congress. The Congress of the governments of the three Americas met in Washington laet Wednesday. The programme of sub jects proposed for discussion by this Con gress is broad' enough and long enough for an all-winter's session. Among them is named measures to promote the for mation of an American customs' union. Just Avhat the promoter of the meeting, who is an ultra protectionist, means by that avc are unable to say. But this we do know, that the removal of restrictions upon trade has always lx'enlH'nefieialto mankind. This holds good whether the restrictions removed were natural or ar tificial; whether they consisted of tunnel ing mountains, bridging rivers, building canals or railroads, or in removing the artificial restraints which differences of races, religions or laws have imposed upon mankind. If the Congress will es tablish absolute free trade among the American governments it will have con ferred a boon upon the .people of the western', hemisphere the glory of which will echo down the ages. ; Another object named is the securing of a common legal tender silver coinage. Added to this should have been the free coinage of silver on an equality with gold. But if the first object can be at tained the other will soon follow. A common silver currency for the-U. S., and Central and. South America would be a great boon, and undoubtedly'' tend to promote the trade relations of those countries. The interests of all of them would also be promoted by making the coinage of silver free. We ho'pe this assembly will be too enlightened to adopt the short-sighted policy of cheapr ening their own products by limiting their money volume. What may be the outcome of an as sembly which is merely ' deliberative, and has no power to enact a law, no one can tell; but it may' be very import ant and far-reaching. If the English speaking race is destined fo rule the world, as Mr. Gladstone not long since predicted, Ave have here the elements of a combination that might easily rule the English-speaking race. THE SOUTHERN FARMERS. As an illustration of thepoAvei'of com bination, the destruction of the jute trust by the Alliance of the southern states is unexcelled. Jute bagging has long been the exclusive material for covering cotton. As it seemed that no other material could be substituted, the bag manufacturers made a combine to put jute bagging at a monopoly price. The members of the southern Alliance resolved to tise no more jute bagging, and took steps to 'have cotton bagging manufactured as a substitute, and their action was crowned with success. The jute trust is effectually destroyed, and jute bagging will go begging on the market at to say the least reasonable, prices. Jute bagging has its uses, and it is not to the interest of the southern farmers to destroy the jute industry, unless by so ..doing they substitute a greater industry the staple for which is produced in this'country. It seems that they are in a fair way to do this, as the use of cotton bagging for baling cotton, while perfectly successful, makes a new market for the cheaper grades of .cotton. If. cotton can be used for baling, it can be applied to many other uses for which jute has Wen the only material. The magnitude of this change may be seen when it is considered that there are 7,000,000 bales of cotton, and several yards of cloth are consumed for each bale. . , Again is the power of combination il lustrated. The farmers of the United States have the power to crush every trust in the United States if they will only combine and judiciously use it. RESTORE SILVER. ''The money mongers in session at Kansas City took no decided action in relation ts silver coinage. Mr. St. John of New York recommended that four millions a month, of 412i grains' per dollar, be coined; that the legal tender notes of the government be withdrawn, and gold and silver certificates he made legal tender. This .resolution was re ferred to the next executive council. This proposition,' if "'practically car ried out, would leave gold alone as the standard of value, as it is now, ami leave silver as a commodity, the market value of which Avould be fixed in Lon don by English : council bills, as it is now. Then, with the disappearance of our national bank currency v prices would continue to go down, and the money men continue their harvest of spoliation. Restore silver to its position before it was demonetized, 'making' its coinage free exactly like gold, Then issue a na tional currency direct to the people, at cost of issue, based on land security. Then "hard times will come again no more." Until some such plan is adopt ed nothing need be said about with drawing the greenbacks. A Flurry in the Money Market. On Sept. 30, money on call in New York commanded as high as 20 to 2.i per cent. All sorts of reasons are given by the money mongers for this condi tion, none of them very satisfactory. With thirty thousand, millions of debt and only one thousand six hundred millions of money with all kinds of business based on confidence,and that getting a little shaky it seems as though Ave avciv, on dangerons ground. But Bradstreet can palaver it up all right. 'Money and Brains Rule this lountrj." J.v Burrows in Farmers' Voice. The above caption was a remark tnado to me by a gentleman of Lincoln who has quite an amount of money, but :v very limited modicum of brains. It is a common remark, and is thought to 1k true by this class of men. But as a matter of fact nothing is further from the truth. . Money certainly, at this time," rule. the country; but there never was a time in our history when brains had so little to do with it. Let us look at a few fact connected with money "money and bra i us," a these gentlemen have it. Silver is one of the leading product of our mines, and is one of tho money metals of the world. We demonetized silver, thus destroying one of its lest markets and aiding in depreciating its value to an extent never before known. The influence of money accomplished this, with our assistance foreign mn ey which vvas used "against our interest. I believe it is now generally conceded that "brains" had little to do Avith it. What Would be thought of a farmer who would do alt in his power to de stroy the market and lessen the value of -one of his leading products, like wheat, before offering it for sale. This i what we did with silver. Again, ours was a debtor country, and our securities were held abroad to a large' amount. We were buying mon ey with products to pay our inteivst t the extent of $100,000,000 a year. ; , Sound business principles demanded that we should hold up the purchasing- t power of products, thereby cheapening money, so we might the more easily meet our obligations. What did w e do? We joined Germany ami the Latin Un ion in throwing one of the precious metals by far the larger one in volume out of use as money, thereby largely increasing the value of money and di minishing the value of products? and of course in the same ratio increasing the value of our securities abroad ami the burden of paying them. I want your farmer readers to fully realize that, a we buy money with products, just as wo diminish the value of products we in crease the burden of debt. x ins was a nauonai transaction, car ried out by the men who "rule" the country. How much "brains" was in it? In fact, was it not the worst fool op eration any country ever perpetrated? joining with our debtors to increase our debt and make its payment more diffi cult. Again, we are great exporters i. e., sellers of food products, which the world must have, no matter Avhat their price. Now. in this regard, what would he to our interest? Manifestly to so man ipulate the world's money as to main tain the price of our products to jo manage as to obtain tin; largest amount of money for what Ave have to sell. This is what "brains" would dictate. What did vve do? We did all in our power to lessen the v olunmof the world. money, thnsdiminishingthe v alue of our exports which the world nuis-t have, and . proportionately increasing our burdens as debtors. As large producers of silver, as a debt or nation with hundreds of millions of our securities drawing interest abroad, as a great exporter. of food product, "brains" would have dictated exactly the reverse of the policy that lias been pursued. One thousand millions of dol lars would not make good to this nation the loss it has suffered by this fool man agement by this divorcing of " bruins" from sound finance. This Kiiicidakpolicy has lnn dictated by the men whose business i dealing in money whose income is derived from interest. Their sole object is to enhance the value of money, or incomes derived from lending money, in its relation to labor to control labor by controlling money. Think of the comparative smallness of the class which accom plished this. Arrayed against it in numbers as well as in fact and interest, are all la I Hirers, farmers, miners, merchants, manufac- . turcrs, artisans, lawyers, teachers in short, all men of all other classes. In all this connection "brains" may be counted out. No such national stu pidity w as ever illustrated More. Some Ojiecr Fact4 About Wool and Tir 1 iff Sentiment. Texas has 26(5,000 square miles of ter ritory, while New England, New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania combined have only 167,000. These states have, according to the report of the agricul tural department., for 1888. y,8rG,000 sheep, w hile Texas has 4.523.000. Texas, with l,r00,000 population, has nearly three sheep for each inhabitant, while j New England, new York, New Jersey and 1 cnnsylvania have about one slice for every three inhabitants. The funny part of all this is that the lat named states vote two-third. to tax wool, and .thus tax their people largely for one of the common necessaries of life, while Texas, with nearly three time. as many sheep a -people, votes solidly in con gress for free wool. The Iowa Tribune says: "The demo crat in state convention forgot to say anything about th'e Cleveland free loan that Harrison still leaves with the bank after promising to pay United State bonds off with it, but instead unani mously adopted a resolution endorsing Mr. Cleveland with his unti-silver and free bank loans, and all other Wall street principles. This is not an age of progress ? with the old partios. .They are both as low down before the money moloch as it i possible to get, both are preparing to crawl into their shells." The Meanest Conro ration on the Earth. The fare from Lincoln to Be atrice, if you boy a ticket, is $1,20. But if you are caught on the B. & M. train without a ticket you will be mulcted 30 cents extra, besides the usual 2.ct rebate. Thore is no other corporation not even the U. P. that can get down to smaller business than that.