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About The alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1889 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 28, 1889)
NATIONAL ALLIANCE. V
President, J. Burrows, Filley, Neb.
Vice President, H. 1 Loucka, Clear Creek,
Secretary. Auiriit Pout. Moulton, Iowa.
Treasurer, Hon. J. J. Furlonjr, Austin Minn.
Lecturer, A. D. Chase, Watertown, Daki
NEBRASKA STATE ALLIANCE.
President, John H. Powers, Cornell.
Vice President, James Clark. Wabash.
Secretary-Treagu rer, J. M. Thompson, Lincoln
Lecturer, M. M. Case. Creisrhton. TO.
Executive Committee: J. Burrowa Filley;
B.F. Allen,. Wabash: Alien Root, Omaha;
I Henry, Hansen; W. M. oray. North Loup.
Post OmciAT Liwcowe, Nft., June 18, 18S9.
I hereby certify that The Aiaiancb, a week
ly newspaper published at this place, has been
determined by the Third Assistant Post Mas
ter General tof be a publication entitled to
admission in the mails at the pound rate of
postage, and entry of it as such is accordingly
made upon the books of this office. Valid
while the character of the publication re
mains unchanged. AlbibtWatkibb,
. . D, .. -v, postmaster.
ALONG THE LINE.
rThis department Is conducted by the Secre
tary of the State Alliance to whom all com
munications in relation to Alliance work,
short articles upon various subjects of inter
est to ?he Alliance etc., should be aressed.
Write plain and only on one side oftne paper.
Siiiwat you choose to your articles but
send us your name always. .
Letter from Hon. C. W. Macune.
-t . i '
The following extracts from a letter
from Hon. C. W. Macune, Pres'tNat'l
Alliance & Co-operative Union, shows
the present status of the Southern Alli
ances on the question of union. It also
shows the energy and broad minded
spirit with which our southern brothers
are tackling the problems they have to
Washington, D. C, Sep. 13, '89.
J. BuBROWSrres't N. F. A., Filley,
Neb: Dear Sib & lino.:
For two months I have been absent
visiting State Alliances and Wheels
thioughout the south, and am happy to
report that every state organization of
any importance has ratified our pro
posed consolidation. I now have a pro
clamation in manuscript, waiting the
signatures of Bros. Jones and McCrack
en, that will declare consolidation to
date from Oct. first.
We must do all we can to dis
solve the old sectional prejudice of the
I have been devoting some time to se
curing the establishment of a good state
organ in each state, with a view of con
solidating them all into an Alliance
Newspaper Association at &c. i-ouis,
when we meet. The object being to
unite our forces, and by so doing inau
gurate the most powerful auxiliary to a
successful conflict to secure economic
leform. Yours fraternally,
C. W. Macune.
The Arrapahoe Alliance Elevator.
Arapahoe, Neb. Sept. 18, 89.
Editor Alliance: For about two
years we have bad about twelve inde
pendent local , Alliances shipping their
own stock and grain, thereby making
or saying a good deal of money. How
ever we were dissatisfied with the
primitive mode of shoveling our grain
into cars, not on account of work, be
cause we do work always, but because
good and bad wheat were mixed, there
by losing in value and working against
those who had the good grain. The
first need was to get an elevator, the
second to pay for it. There were al
ready three elevators on the It. R.
grounus, and the Company thought it
unwise to have another on account of
running too much fire risk. After a
good deal of useless fighting we bought
one of them. Now, as it was necessary
to raise the money, we organized a
stock company under the law of the
state. We issued ten dollar shares,
payable on receipt of the share. The
merchants donated liberally to have it
located in thetowu of Arapahoe.
Everybody knew that we would give
up the ghost before spring. However,
we are not the "kind to give up so easily,
so we prospered, and this spring we
were offered ont of the other elevators,
but we declined. However, as our
membership increased so rapidly we
had to tear down the old building, us
ing all good material and putting up
an elevator which is a credit not only
to the farming community, but to the
town in which it is located.
We have a thoroughly good and hon
est manager who always has orders
ahead, so that he can tell how much he
can realize for grain on the track. He
don't speculate, ft
Although all stockholders are far
mers they are not yet all Alliance men.
We have also fine stock yards, scales,
etc. Mr. Calvert of the B. & M. has
been extremely kind to us abput cats,
etc., for the benefit of our stockholders.
More anon. A. d'Allemand.
Treas. Farmers. Warehouse Co.
State Alliance of N. C We
have received a neat pamphlet of twenty-seven
pages, containing an official
report of the annual meeting of the
North Carolina State. Alliance, held at
Fayetteville, Aug. 13th. to loth. It
shows that 85 counties were represent
ed by delegates actually present. It
was also shown that the Alliances of
North Carolina are abreast with the
foremost in Alliance work. The Sec
retary's report for the current year
shews receipts to have been $15,193,01
and disbursements $8,172.52, leaving a
balance in the treasury of $7,020.40.
Julias Carr, of old Sparta, was elected
president, and A. H. ' Hayes, of Bird
town, vice-president for the ensuing
term. Hon. S. B. 'Alexander, the re
tiring president, is an able worker, as
the flourishing condition of the State
Correction. In noticing the nomi.
nation of Organizer Harrison for county
treasurer last week, we wrongly credit
hI hini to Furnas Co. He will be the
next treasurer of Perkins county instead
'NATL FARMERS' ALLIANBE,
Filley, Neb., Sep. 28, 1889,
To all Officers of State and Territorial
Alliances in North and South Dakota,
Wisconsin, Minnesota, Ohio, Illinois,
Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado and W.
Territory, and o all Subordinate Al
liances in New-York, Pennsylvania,
Indiana, CaliforniaOregon, Greeting
Brothers: In Feb., 1888, a meeting
of the Executive Committee of the Na
tional Alliance was held at Des Moines,
Iowa. An invitation had been sent to
the Southern Alliance and Co-operative
Union to send representatives to this
meeting, for the purpose of considering
the question of a union of the Northern
and Southern Alliances; and in re
sponse to this invitation Bro. Evan
Jones, President of the Texas State Al
liance, attended the meeting as such
representative. At this meeting action
was taken in favor of a Union of the
two Alliances, and a Committee of the
National Alliance was appointed to at
tend the meeting of the Southern Alli
ance at Meridian, Miss., in the follow
ing December. Unfortunately no mem
bers of the Committee attended the
Meridian meeting, therefore the Na
tional Alliance was not represented.
But action looking to the union of the
two bodies, and the Agricultural Wheel,
was taken, and a declaration of pur
poses and constitution were adopted.
The matter was then referred to the dif
ferent State Alliances 'and Wheels of
the South for their action, and a meet
ing of delegates was appointed to be
held at St. Louis, Mo., Dec. 5, 1889.
At the last Annual Meeting of the Na
tional Alliance, held at Des Moines in
January, 1889, representatives from the
Southern Alliance were present, and
laid before the meeting-the action taken
at Meridian. Our meeting received
this report favorably, and referred the
question of union to the different State
Alliances, their final action to be re
ported by their delegates to the next
Annual Meeting of the National Alli
ance, which was appointed to be held
at St.. Louis, Dec. 5, 1889.
It has thus come about that the final
decision of the question of Union be
tween the Northern and Southern Alli
ances will rest with your delegates in
the next Annual meeting, and that you
can approach that question entirely free
and unpledged. Your President has fa
vored the union was the first, in fact,
as far as he knows, to take any active
official step to promote it. My opinion
on that subject remains unchanged, but
it is not my purpose now to advance ar
guments in favor of it.
It is my duty now to lay this matter
before you, and to ask that you will in
your annual meetings, carefully con
sider the whole subject, and instruct
your delegates as to their action at St.
Louis, if you should deem it wise to do
so. It may be wise, however, to leave
them some discretionary powers. The
Constitution adoqted at Meridian has
been furnished you. You need not,
however, confine your action to the
adoption or rejection of that document,
but rather instruct your delegates upon
the broad principle of union, upon
whatevar terms may be agreed upon at
Your President desires to urgently re
quest that full delegations from all the
States and Territories be sent to the St.
Louis meeting. This is the first time in
the history of the , country when the
plain farmers from so many States and
Territories have been called together
for consultation and united action.
Brawny and brainy men of the frozen
North and the tropical South, men of
the East and .men of the West,' and
men of the great interior basin, will
meet at St. Louis in friendly and frater
nal intercourse Many of them will
bring their wives and daughters, to
cheer the meeting with their smiles, and
to greet their sisters from remote but
united climes. But the meeting will
not bo one for pleasure and enjoyment
alone. Business matters of momentous
import will be discussed in a broad and
statesmanlike spirit. It is yet to be de
cided whether me"n or dollars shall rule
this country whether the republic shall
be maintained or a monied oligarchy be
established. A successful meeting at
St. Louis will be a long step towards
the solution of this question.
All members of the Alliance will be
cordially welcomed to the meeting.
Sincerely and fraternally, your most
obedient servant, J. Burrows,
Pres't National Farmers' Alliance.
To all officers and members of the Sub
ordinate and County Alliances in
Sec'y's Office, Lincoln, Neb.
Sept. 28, 1889!
By order of the Executive Commit
tee, your State Secretary invites your
attention to the Annual Meeting of
the National Farmers Alliance at St.
Louis, Dec. 5, 1889; and also to the im
portant question to be decided at that
meeting, viz: Shall the National Farm
ers' Alliance join the Farmers' and La
borers' Union which has been formed
by the Southern Alliance and Agricul
President Burrows of the National
Alliance has, in a circular letter print
ed this week,, outlined the action to be
taken by each State Alliance on the
question of union; and as our state
meeting does not convene until after
the St. Louis meeting, we ask the lo
cal Alliances of the state to take indi
vidual action in this matter at once,
and report to the state secretary, as
early as November 15th. The action
taken by the Alliances will be tabu
lated and form a basis of instruction
for your delegates, and it is therefore
very necessary that definite action be
taken. J. M. Thompson,
. Sec'y Neb. State Alliance.
From The National Economist.
We commend the following extracts
from an article by R. A. Dunning to the
careful attention of our readers. Vol
umes of sound philosophy and fcict on
the great question are embraced in this
article. Study the proposition that "la
bor and products always buy money " in
all its bearings, and also carefully con
sider what Mr. Dunning says about pri
ces, - We have long been teaching this
doctrine in our feeble way, and we are
glad to be sustained by such eminent
Production, distribution, consump
tion, and accumulation are the four
great factors in business. The history
of the past clearly demonstrates, and
the situation of the present proves be
yond question, that the one governing
.factor is distribution.
Production can and will take care of
itself. It is simply an expression of hu
man nature. The active brain, the rest
less nerves, and the inborn determina
tion to accomplish something for one's
own self, all tend to force the human
race into production. Natural wants,
original desires, ' fancied necessities or
comforts, together with the frailties in
cident to this life, furnish ample ways
and means for consumption. In fact,
economists now concede that our wants
increase equally if not more rapidly than
production, and the doctrine of a gener
al over-proauction is last oecoming ob
solete. The real danger to be avoided
is large accumulations through unjust
distribution. The greatest minds of
nearly every age have given this subject
much attention, and yet it remains Un
It is for lack of proper distribution
that the world suffers to-day. All the
factors in production were never so com
plete as now, and the devices for unjust
accumulations were never so successful
as at the present time. The results ob
tained by the former are absorbed to a
large extent by the unfair advantage
given to the latter. If a just measure of
istribution could be enforced these
dangerous accumulations would cease.
I believe the key to this difficulty is
the currency. I admit there are other
important agents connected with the so
lution, but a proper amount of curren
cy, elastic in its nature, quick to respond
to the demands of business, will, in my
opinion, open the way for all other re
There is a middle ground in this
controversy alike honoranle and just to
both labor and capital. That condition
is reached when an idle dollar -will
bring to its owner no more benefit than
a day's work undone brings to the la
borer. This can only be accomplished
by increasing the numbers of dollars or
lessening the number of days' work.
Which would be the most practicable?
A proper distribution means that the
producer shall have the benefit of such
a price for his labor and products as
will enable him to retain possession of
the wealth he has created. To obtain
such prices the volume of currency must
be enlarged, for by that medium, all
economists agree, the price of labor and
its products are measured. Under pres
ent conditions labor is forced to assume
all risks in production. Every mort
gage, bond, bill of sale, or. deed of trust
is a witness of the truth of this proposi
tion. I would remedy this unfair dis
crimination by increasing the volume of
money until each . individual would be
compelled to assume his share of the
risks, failures and accidents Avhich nat
urally accompany production and dis
tribution. In other words, I would make
money so cheap, by making it plenty,
that nothing but production and a just
and proper distribution would bring any
reward. When prices are low it is in
disputable evidence that an unequal dis
tribution is taking place. Yet some
farmers will say, I can buy more for a
dollar than ever before. Can you pay
any more debts or interest? The only
thing it will buy more of is the fruit of
another's labor. One common error in
to which the world has fallen, and which
leads to many others, is that money
buys products. The fact is, labor and
its products always buy money. The
application of low wages proves -this
conclusively. Low wages and prices
are the results of competition among la
borers or producers for money. The
one who will pay the most for it that
is, w ill part with the greatest amount of
labor or its products tor a stated amount
of money gets it With money for any
length of time the object, as it is at pres
ent, and not the instrument, commerce
or exchange becomes a species of confis
cation. It means the products of one
part of labor competing with the pro
ducts of another part of labor, and mon
ey feasting and enriching itself on their
It is a doubtful advantage for the
farmer to buy cotton cloth for five cents
per yard that is really worth ten, when
in consequence of the low price' of this
and similar products he is compelled to
part with his wheat and corn at a beg
garly price to enable the producers of
this cloth and like products to purchase
them. In this exchange money is the
object because of its scarcity, and not
the incident or instrument, as it would
be if sufficiently abundant.
We are told a day's work will buy as
much as it ever would. That may be
true, but there are about four millions
of our people at the present time unable
to find that day's work. The true meth
od of examining this question is, how
many dollars will a day's work bring,
or how many dollars will the products
Of a day's labor buy? This is the cor
rect test, and when labor or its products
kwill buy less dollars to-day than a year
ago, tne prooi is positive that money is
dearer, and consequently labor and pro
ducts cheaper. Nothing in the end is
cheap . to one producer that is made so
at the expense of another producer. , -
We have received The Statesman
for September; a monthly magazine de
voted to the problems of practical poli
tics, co-operative industry and self-help.
A. J. Jutkins and Walter Thomas Mills,
editors. It is an attractive monthly,
containing the names of some very able
writers. Price $2.00 per year. 78 La
Salle St., Chicago. -
Cincinnati Commercial Gazette New
York and Chicago are competing thro'
their great newspapers in celebrating
the hoiTors of each other's drinking wa
ter. This with reference to the World's
This thing is going too far. The next
thing they'll be discussing the horrors of
their other drinking matereal, and then
both cities will be knocked out.
"Young man," said a minister to a
member of his congregation, "do you
know what relations you sustain in this
world?" . Well, just at present theonly
relation I am sustaining in this world is
my father-in-law; but you can just gam
ble on it I am not going to sustain him
very long," was the reply.
A syndicate of cattle men has a perfect
right to water its stock.
Shot Gun Politics in LTcbraska.
THE B. & M. VOTES MEN LIKE
The way Lars will get There !
EVERY HONEST CHEEK SHOULD
BLUSH WITH SHAME AT
Under the head of "outrageous domi
nation,' the McCook Gazette, publish
ed at the headquarters of the B. & M.
division bosses, gives the following ac
count of how the bosses vote their hu
man"chattels when they want to. Read
it Fkeemen(?) of .Nebkaska and say
how you like it: ,:- V'-';;v-V'.;v pVv -'"
Another straw has been laid upon the
camel's back by the 'local managers of
the B. & M. The caucus of Thursday
was but a repetition of what has been
witnessed before by our long-suffering
people when the political plans of Mr.
Campbell in regard to some petty pre
cinct or school district official needed
to be satisfied. This time it took the
form of opposition to our present effici
ent sheriff, W. O. Russell, who had in
some manner incurred Mr. Campbell's
enmity, and consequently the round
house and gravel train must be called
into requisition to consummate the de
feat of his delegates in the caucus. One
hundred and fifteen men were voted in
an unbroken line, being obliged to pass
through the alley-way formed by Har
mon and Archibald on one side and
Rogers and Bankson on the other, and
unuer.the eye of these officials they de
posited their ballot. Blame not these
toilers for the deed. They had wife and
babies at home and w inter is not far off.
While inwardly they rebelled against
the indignity, the thought of dear ones
at home impelled them to submit. One
fine specimen of mental and physical
manhood was especially brought to our
notice. He had expressed himself as
Russell's friend. He was sent for at
once and ordered to vote "right," and
as he approached the polls iu charge of
an official he tendered the ballot they
had placed in his hand with a downcast
eye and trembling voice, while the offi
cials nudged and winked at each other
in glee. We have no objections to offer
to the candidates that were successful
on that day. It is their apparent good
fortune Our only protest is the inhu
man manrer in which.it was done. God
pity the poor who are obliged to listen
to the crack of the slave 'dn vers whip.
Some of the employes were cute enough
to switch ballots even under the eye of
the watchers, and thus voted for the
man of their choice. It would seem
that if a man works for the B. &. M. for
$1.08 per day in the round, house, he
should have the poor privilege of voting
for his friend if he chooses. If George
W. Holdredge would give his official or
ders to keep out of precinct and county
politics, and allow us to choose our own
school directors and county officials,
the people would rise up and call him
blessed. As it is, enemies are being
created every year to the road that
should claim us all as friends, and would
do so if such spectacles as this could be
forever banished. When will the day
A GREAT WORK
For the Department of Agriculture.
Before the law was passed making
the Department of Agriculture an Ex
ecutive Department, Mr. Wru. Hunt
proposed to the present editor of this !
paper the work named below. The
conception is a grand one, and the
work would be a grand one, and it is
fiting that the government should un
dertake it, in behalf of the great inter
est which has so long been neglected.
We give below the first official corre
spondence on this subject:
Ancora, N. J.. Sep. 3, J 889.
Hon. J. M. Rusk, Washington.
Dear Sir : As a beginner I keenly
feel the great want of an Am. Pictorial
Agricultural Encyclopedia, containing
a concise statement of what is actually
known regarding the culture of each
agricultural product in our several cli
mates. I think nearly all farmers realize how
very difficult it often is to hunt up just
when needed certain points of culture
that are well known and settled.
Few farmers with the present un
satisfactory returns for products, can
command the necessary time to study
out many points minutely.
And if here and there one does learn
something that would be of service,
there is not, so far as I am aware, ahy
general headquarters for proving and
storing such facts where they can be
systematically reached bv those need
ing them. Under the auspices of the
government this want could be grandly
It took Webster twenty years to com
pose his great dictionary. It would
probably take a very talented man with
many well chosen assistants fifty years
to complete an equally thorough Amer
ican Pictorial Agricultural Encyclopae
dia. He would have to be a man of
great wealth , and willing to invest it in
the enterprise, with a heart and genius
for the work. I fear such a man will
I confess that the only hope I have,
of seeing the work done in my day is
through the instrumentality of the
ntwly established Agricultural Depart
ment of the United States. ,
If the genius can be found and pro
cured on the work, it could probably be
completed in four or five years at a
cost derhaps of a million dollars with
a benefit in ten years of hundreds of
millions of dollars to the agricultural
interests of the country.
My prayer is that you may be the in
strument of accomplishing so great a
. Wji. Hunt.
Department of Agriculture,
Washington, Sept. 6, 1889. "
Mr. Wm. Hunt. Ancora', N. J.,
Sir: Your favor of recent date to
Secretary Rusk, has in his absence
been referred to me for ' acknowledge
ment. .Such a work as you describe
would be of immense value to the farm
ers of this country, but I doubt wheth
er the time will ever come when we
shall have such a work. In the first
place, it would take an immense sum
of money, as you say, to prepare it; in
the second place, unless distributed
gratuitously by the government, it
would be so costly that but few farm
ers would purchase it. In the next
place, there j are so many points of
dot& on the subject of. agriculture,
such a diversity of opinion among the
farmers themselves in almost every
phase ol its operation, that the state
ment of what is actually known, as you
say, is more limited than one imagines
at first glance: that which is so actu
ally known that all will concede its ex
istence, It is very discouraging some
times; what with wind and rain and
storm and insects and diseases and
frosts, that the farmer's life is a life of
exigencies. It is different in mechan
ics; there what is known is definite. A
man can make two watches that shall
not vary, and the second and third edi
tion of the same; . but no two men can
raise the same crop iu .mount or
quality, from two fields -of the same
size and character, ner from the s1
field in different years. I speak of these
difficulties as making it morejiifflcuit
to make an encyclopiedia of agriculture
that shall be satisfactory, and tnax . s
one reason perhaps why "oneb been
made. Still, there is suctaa vast fund
of information that may be compiled
and published as soot i as the farmers
shall demand it, and shall be willing to
nnv a reasonable price for it, that some
( firm will take it up and prosecute it o
It must be manifest to you that as
now constituted the department does
not include the making of such a pub
lication as a part of its functions. The
publication of such a work belongs in
part to the literary field rather that the
scientific; and yet, if congress should
feel kindly disposed towards the sub
ject, and make an appropriation, it
would be wortli while for the depart
ment to collect and utilize the vast
amount of material that comes to it.
But we cannot do so now, for the lack
of funds, such funds as we have being
specifically limited by congress in the
act appropriating them.
Thanking yon for the interest that
you feel in the subject of agriculture, 1
am Very truly,
Edwin Willits, Ass't Secy.
With a Campbell for a candidate the
campaign in Ohio will hump itself this
Orders for coal must be sent in dur
ing September to insure the price and
certainty of having orders filled. Van
Dyke, Wyoming, coal, $1.75 per ton.
Nut or egg coal $1. Freight on any
lines of U. P. in Nebraska $4.25 per
ton; on B. & M. $4.65 per ton. Cham
berlain plows, good as made, shipped
from Omaha, 14 and 16 inch, $14. By
one-half car lots, $12.25. Champion
self -dump steel wheel horse rake $21.00
CentervilSe, Iowa, coal, at the mine,
$1.25 per ton. Can be shipped direct
to all points on the Rock Island R. R.
at regular tariff rates. Points on U.
P. add $1.60 to Omaha rates; by St.
Joe $1 to regular rate. Tnis is one of
the best Iowa mines.
Stock shipped to Allen Root, care of
Bell, Collins & McCoy, Omaha, by
members of the Alliance, will realize
from $4 to $5 more per car for their
stock. Give the agent notice when
shipped. Mr. Root is state agent for
the Alliance. W. R. Bennett & Co.
will sell groceries, etc., to the Alli
ances at jobber's rates. Send all or
ders to Allen Root. Shipments of
vegetables, fruits or poultry, should be
billed to Mr. Root, care of Bowman,
Williams & Howe's, Omaha.
State Agent's Notice.
It is very desirable and will save
some expense, and be better in every
way, if the Alliances will bulk their
orders so one shipment will do for
many parties. It is found that little
or nothing can be saved on groceries
t retail. II orders are in unbroken
packages can be had at jobbers' rates.
Price lists are of little account only in
a general way. The price on sugar
changed three cents in one week not
long since. Many other things the
same. Allen Root.
Price List of Oils to Alliances.
150 test, medium white coal oil, liy, cents.
150 " prime " " 104 "
175 " Y. L. " " " 13 "
T4 stave Rasoline " ll'i "
These oils in barrel lots. The best
harness oil in either one or five gallon
cans, 70 cents per gallon. Pure Neat's
foot oil in one to five gallon cans', 60
cents per gallon. In barrel lots, 50
cents per gallon. Axle grease, thirty
six boxes in case, $1.85.
Allen Root, State Agent.
Official Notice to Alliances.
All Subordinate or County Alliances
wanting coal the coming season f jom
the state agency should send in the
number of cars wanted, the grade of
coal used, and be sure .to state what
railroad they are tributary to. This
matter must be attended to at once
and reports sent in promptly to the
secretary of the State Alliance.
H. C. STOLL,
The Most Improved Breeds of
Poland China, Chester White, Small Yorkshire
and Essex Hogs. Satisfaction guaranteed in
all cases. P. O. Address, BEATRICE, Neb.
An Imported Shire Stallion for
Six years old, perfect temper, first class
pedigree registered in the English Shire Herd
Book. Can show as good colts as In the State.
Owner having to leave.the farm, will sell or
exchange for desirable property. Carriage
and new harness wanted. v
Inquire at The Alliance office.
J. M. ROBI2STS03ST,
Kenesaw, Adams County, Neiir.
Breeder and Shipper f Recorded Poland
China Hdgs. Choice Breeding Stock for
sale. Write for wsnts. M ention The Alliance
V OBTAIN CHICAGO
The way to do this is to ship your Butter, Ergs, Poultry, Veal, Hay, Grain, Wool, Hides.
Beans, Broom Corn, Greeu and Dried Fruits, Vegetables, or anything- you have, to us. The
fact that you may have been selling these articles at home for years is no reason that you
should continue to do so if you can find a better icwrket. We make a specialty of receiving
shipments direct from FARMERS AND PRODUCERS, and probably have the largest trade in
this way of any house in this market. Whilst you are looking around for the cheapest mar
ket in which to buy your goods and thus economizing in that way, it will certainly pay you
to give some attention to the best and most profitable wa" of disposing of your produce. We
invite correspondence from INDIVIDUALS, ALLIANCES, CLUBS, and all organizations
who desire to ship their produce to this market. If requested, we will send you free of
charge our daily market report, shipping directions and such information as will be of ser
vice to you if you contemplate shipping. Let us hear from you.
SUMMERS, MORRISON & CO.,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS, ijj. S. WATER, ST., CHICAGO.
REFERENCE: Metropolitan Nation Bank, Chicago. Mention The Alliance.
. . f aa Mttlm matins
haVe been held thl .um V
an Interest roued 10
tory d prore of Nrkv ph,pjl
tbefollowiog mavfld place in your
P Nebraska hw of 76 f 95 q i&re
miles ud contains 49,21200 acrea of
HnV Distance ff-u nortaera to south
era bound try, 293 mile?; length from
east to west, 41 J miles. With , an area
larger toati the six New E teland states
combined, ricbi soM, healthful cimite,
pure water, an laimtriqm, entiprisia?
people, it is impossible to comprehend
the possibilities of the futuro.
In 1810 the Anerici Par C mpsny
established a trading post where the
town of Bellerue now stand, a few miles
south of O naha. Francis Dj HMn took
charge of the post; he was succeeded by
Joseph Robfanx; and he by John Cba.
nue. In 1843, Peter A. Srp ' took charge
of the buslntSH and for thirty yenrs wv
the leading man of the place. In 1854
this place and the anrroundlne country
was opened for settlement, ths Iodiai
title having expired in 1843. February
9, 1854, a town company ws nriraaiz'd
and, in October 1854, the first Territorial
Governor, Francis Burt, was appointed;
he was in poor bealtJi and died ten days
after he arrived. He was succec did by
T. B. Cumin?, TerritorUl S jr.retary.
Tne rlrfct census was taken in 1855 the
population numbering 4 491. The drat
Territorial legislatum ansemhldct at
Omaba, January 16, 1(55 The first
State legislature met tot L ncoln, in 1SC9
The first Post office wa located at Bell,
vue, in 1849; D. E. Reed, Postmaster.
The first newspaper published in Nebra.
ka was the Ntbra&k Palladium and
Platte Vattty Advocate, located ut
Bellevue. Tne first col u mi of reading
was put in type by Thonvw Morton on
theH'h of November, 1S51 Wo now
have 521 newspapers ii Nebraska. In
1863 the homestead law was entcted aid
January 1st, 1833, the law becam? effect
ive. The two first homestead in the
United States were taken in Nebraska.
Daniel Freeman located four mlhs west
o. Beatrice and William Young near IV
myra in Otoe county, la 1861, nineteen
counties reported one hundred thirty,
nine school districts, and a total number
of school children 7041. In 1887 the
number of school houses was 5 187 and
123,778 children attending B-jhool. The
State has established and maataina a
State University, a Normal School and a
Reform Schoo'; add to theo thirteen
colleges and academies found -d bvtbe
churches and also a number of private
The churches rave made progress as
we can show from statistics ofhVi de
nomination; no doubt other churches
have succeeded q ta'ly as w jll as tb.es i.
I have copied from the official reports cf
the churches respectively as follow?:
Close Communion Bipf'st, 8.931.
Methodist Episcopal. 27 59 J.
Christian Cuurch, 20.000.
On the afurncsn of Wednedav, D1
cember 2, 1SC3. ground was broken for
the first ra'Jrod in Nebraska, the Uaioo
Pacific. Now we hive 4 ,9( 5 miles of
railroad Trie first telegraph i Nebraska
began operations Octooer 5, 18G0. The
telephone began operating in November,
1882; we now Lave 800 mile in operation.
Bat I must clos. With the prohibitl )o
of the Uquor tiaffic in practical ooeralfon,
our State will bave nothing to c'og the
whee's of progress or. to hinder her
g'orious career. Fjr this M us rav and
Ubor. F. W. Scott.
The Next Census.
Chicago is determined to c not a million
in rex 3'eai'8 ceneu. Suburbs wh'cb
bave 210,000 population are to be annexed
ths year, which will carry the figure be.
vond the limit. It is within tbo bounds
of possibility that the the new census may
show four American cities of ovr s 1.000,
000 habitants each! They will be New
York. Phildelpbia, Brooklyn, and Chica
go. No o hf r cr uitry hss more than one
city of a million populailor. Wo will
hvo by the new census a dozm of half a
million and about thirty of over 100 000.
BuQalo Courier. .
J. C. McBRIDE.
H. S. BELL.
McBRIDE & BELL
Office, 107 S. 11th St.,
'lincoln, - nebraska.
Agents for M. K. & Trust Co. Houses Built
on ten years time. Debt cancelled In case of
Death. Anything: to trade let us know of it.
NOTICE TO KILLERS
For Sale or Rent,
A Roller Flouring mill with water
power, one mile from Lincoln.
A. T. SAWYER.
FOR INSURANCE. See or address Swljrart
& Bush. Mead, Neb., Special Agents Far
mers Union (Mutual) Ins. Co., Grand Island,
PRICES FOB, YOUR
It in not generally known that fhr
custom of keeping birthdays israanj
thousand years old. It is recorded
in the 4th chapter oi Genesis, 20th
verae "And it came to pass the third
day, which was Pharaoh's birthday,,
that he made a feast unto nil of hie
servants." There is in existence a curious class
of knives, of the sixteenth century
the blades of which have on one side
the musical notas to the benediction'
of the table, or frrnc before meat
and on the other side the grace after
meat. The set of these knives usual
ly consisted of tour. They were kept
in an upright case of stamped leath
er, and were placed befort the singer
The bamboo tree doesnotblossora
until it attains its 30th year, when it
oroduces' seed profusely and then,
dies. It is said that a famine was
prevented in India in 1815 by the
sudden flowering of the bamboo
trees, where 50,000 people resorted,
to the jungle to gather seed for food.
The Swiss watchmakers have in
vented a watch for the blind. A
small peg is set in the middle of each;
figure. WJien the hour hand is mov
ing toward a given hour, the peg for
that; hour drops. The person finds
the peg is down, and then counts
back to twelve.
Air cushions are supposed to be nn
invention of modern times, but that
this luxury was anticipated as long
asro as the time of Ben Johnson U
evident from a passage in the "Alche
mist," where Sir Epicure Mammon,
enumerates to Surly a list of good
things to be expected. Among these
indulgences is this prophetic forecast
of modern inflated india-rubber lied
and cushings. "I will have all my
beds blown up, not stuffed: Down is
It has been demonstrated in Vacca
Valley, Cal., that peuch stone
will make as good a Are for
household purposes as the best of
coal. The fruit-grower, instead of
throwing the pits away, disposes of
tnestones at the present time at. the
rate of $Q a ton. A sack of the
stonoswillweighabout eighty pounds,
and will last as long as an etiual
number of pounds of coal, ana a
greater intensity of heat.
Verv tew consumers of wheaten
products are aware of the fact that
packers are the oldest form of bread.
Fragments of unfermented cakes
were discovered in the Swiss lako
dwellings, which belonged to the neo
lithic age of the world. Although
this rude form of bread was early
discarded for the fermented variety,
yet in this, as in many other matter,'
it was found convenient to return to
discarded and apparently valuless
proce8. Thin, unfermented cakes
were found ta possess merits for spe
cial purposes. They would keep good
for a great length of time, and thus
afford wholesome and nutrit ious food
in a portable and convenient lorm.
The simplicity of their making and
baking was also a point in their favor.
A Congress of Sneezers
The sneezers of the United State?,
who are known as the Hay Fever
Association, have just completed
their sixteenth nnnunJ session at
Bethlehem, N. If. This organization, t
.vhich Henry Ward Keecher put such
.ife into, still meets regularly once a.
rear, cracks jokes and tells stories to
teep up the spirits of the hay-fever
rictim members, talks of ways and
means to dry up tear ducts and pro
vide nose suliduers for sneezers, and,
in a word, liirhts nn annunl battle
igainst the disease that makes such
market for pocket hand kerchiefs.
Col. M. Richards Muckle, of tlio
Public Ledger, and Dr. Edwarl
Townsend were among Philadelphia's
delegates to tho convention, and
meezed enough to give Philadelphia
the reputation of being tho biggeat
nty in the country. Col. Mucklo
made a big impression by his speech
before the association. There wero
bears in every eye and pocket-handkerchiefs
at every noso as he told of
the $3,000 he had spent in forty
iight years to get the better of his
aose. He said that cauterization of
ihe nasal nerves was the only rem
dy. He had tried it himself. Time
was whon in going from Providence
to Bethlehem he had sneezed 1 ,200
times, according to a tally kept by
the conductor, and used up bo many
handkerchiefs that he had to mnko
wash line out of the bell rope in the
;ar. On his last trip he onlv snoze
twenty-five times, and didnt have
to have a special car, thanks to his
The sneezing and crying was re
doubled when Dr. Edward To wnsend,
of this city, told the convention that
hay fever was a moral disease; that
it never attacked New York alder
men or convicts, and that its worst
victims were always brainy peoplo
like himself. President Lock wood,
in an address, estimated that there
were at least 200,000 sneezers in the
United States, all nfore or less ad
dicted to tears.
Was it a Yhlont
We were having a new home built
pud my husband went tt it every
flay to wee what progress was being
made. One day, as he stood in the
front room upstairs his attention
was attracted to the street. Look
ing out the window he saw n funeral
procession passing from the door
and out through the gate. The
;asket was white and covered with
flowers. He recognized friends and
neighbors in the crowd, and through,
come indefinable impression, he un
derstood that the corpse was that of
his son. His son, though he had no
ion at the time. Surprised and
Itartled at the thought, he saw the
procession vanish, and he felt un
able to account for the experience.
Within a few months a little son.
was born to. us, and before three
years it was carried out the gate in
ft flower covered, white casket and
followed by the same friends my hus
band had seen tfiac noontime long
before. What explanation can be
given of this circumstance? Amur
ala Martin- in Hall's Journal oi
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