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About The alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1889 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 28, 1889)
THE ALLIANCE P(;B. CO.
Linden Tree and CoTernor Thuyer.
There wa3 a battle "at Camp Grant
near Beatrice nit down on the pro-
grame; and for a time it created mucu
Excitement. It was fought between
as fierce warrora as . ever looked into
each other's eyes, and but for cool
judgment and strong nerve upon the
part of Gov. John M. Thayer and
Gen. L. W. Colby the results might
have been very serious. As announced,
. Gov. Thayer had expressed a wish to
ride the famous Arabian horse "Linden
Tree.' When the time arrived for the
governor to go out to the camp the
aninr al was brought to the hotel and
the governor mounted him and rode
away. So far all right. The governor
is a good horseman and so is Gen.
Colby, and it is exceedingly fortunate
that such is the fact, for no sooner had
the former reached the high ground
south of the camp set apart for the re
view than Linden Tree sent out a fierce
challenge and bolted straight across
' the field. He had caught sight
of Don, tho beautiful white Arabian
ridden bv Gen.' Oolby. Challenge was
promptly met by defiance, and in an in
stant the high spirited animal faced
each other in the center of the field.
Then there was a scene not often wit
nessed. Thei stallions came together
in shock of battle. Rearing upon
their hind feet they struck and bit
fiercely at each other; then like a flash
wheeled, and kick after kick followed
with almost lightning rapidity. The
air was alive ' with' heels, and some
of them were well directed in spite
of the interference of the riders. The
fight did not. last very long, but it
was no skirmish while it did last.
The animals plunged and reared and
sought bv every means to free them
selves of their loads, but the governor
and gemral stuck to their saddles,
while some of the on-lookers sought to
interfere and part the combatants.
This was finallv accomplished. Net
results : A little spot of blood on Don's
whil-a coat, a pair of bruised legs for
the brigadier-genenl, and his excel
lency the governor of Nebraska, as
sound as a die. The general said noth
ing about his bruises, and it was not
ue til some time after that is was learned
that some of the kicks intended for tbe
ribs of Don had landed upon the limbs
of his rider. Fortunately no bones
were broken. The governor remained
upon Linden Tree '3 back until the
march to town began, when, as the
horse was likely, to prove ft disturbing
element at the head of the column, a
charge was made. Later, on the re
tturnof the column, Linden Tree made
an assault with open mouth upon an
other horse, as the result of which,
combined with the turriing of a saddle,
-Col. Hotcbkiss received an ugly fall,
.and the spirited stalliou's feet came
down like a thunderbolt withm six
inches of his body. Nobody seriously
hurt, but excitement enough in fifteen
minutes for an entire encampment. In
justice to Linden Tree his break was
not the result of viciousness, bat simply
of jealousy. Ordinarily the famous
stallion is as gentle as a kitten. But
he is constitutionally opposed to tak
ing a lack seat in any procession.
All Over the State.
Monday the Lancaster county re
publican convention made the follow
ing nominations: For treasurer, S.
W. Burnham; sheriff, Sam McClay;
county judge, W. E. Stewart; commis
sioner, Henry Shaberg ; coroner. Dr.
Holyoke; county superintendent, F.
D. McClusky; register of deeds, J. D.
Knight ; county clerk, Martin Howe ;
county surveyor,.,W. S. Scott. The
delegates to the state convention were
instructed to voto for M. B. Reese for
judge of the supreme court.
Omaha special : Early Saturday
morning, perhaps about 5 o'clock, a
collision occurred between two freight
trains at Saaberg. fifty-three miles
west of Oma'ia on the Union Pacific.
Both mgines nxid thirteen cars loaded
with freight areiin the ditch and the
track will probably he blockaded for
thirty-s'iX hours. The wrecking train
was dispatched to the scene of the ac
cident. ,;. Seven cars loaded with freight
and the two 'engine were demolished.
The engineers and firemen on both
trains jumped in time to escape injury.
Hastings has 1,600 school children.
Nebraska City gambling den.
mi ' 1 on . :1 ' ' .. i . 7 :
.mtjro art) xou pupus iu - uueiiuuuce
upon the Ravenna schools.
The creamery at Newport has been
completed and is now open for busi
ness. ' "
The Sarpy count j republican conven
tion will be held a Papillion Septem
A Sons of Veterans camp has been
organized at Loup Oity with thirty
The town board of "Western hasjrar-
chased a sixty-gallon chemical engine
for protection from fire.
The Kearney telephone office has a
new switchboard which will accommo
date 250 subscribers. ,
Steve Hill, a laborer, and Patsy Cor
rigan, a stonecutter, of Omaha, fought
to a finish Sunday night. It took thir
, teen rounds for Hill to whip his oppo
nent. The stakes were $30 and spite.
Weeping Water is to have a second
hardware store which will be opened
for business October 1.
A special election will be held at Ord
October 8, for the purpose of voting
$4,000 additional water bonds.
John Van Honsen of Schuyler, claims
to have , raised the champion potato
crop of the world 760 , bushels to the
acre.' ' .r " , - .
There is said to be a growing feeling
of dissatisfaction over the township or
ganization system in Seward county.
Fred S. Hassler has retired from the
editorship of the Beaver City Tribune
and has been succeeded by Merwin &
W. W. Cole, a Callaway farmer, has
raised over four hundred pounds of
tobacco from seed which he brought
from Pennsylvania. f 1 '
Lizzie Cassion, a Columbus nur3e
girl, climbed a tree and is now nursing
an arm broken in tvro places and a dis
The Adams county republican con
vention to select delegates to the con
gressional convention will be held at
Hastings October 1.
Kendall & Smith of Lincoln, exten
sive owners of elevators, have purchased
three elevators at Ulysses, Garrison
Bert Southern, a young Fullerton
man did not feel well for several days
and concluded to end his existence by
cutting his throat. He used a razor,
but did not bear down hard enough
and subsequently will recover.
The people of Ord are talking of
making an artificial lake, it bciag as
serted that by building a dam 1,300
feet long and eight feet high, the
waters of Dane creek would form a
pond bigger than the famous one at
L. B. King of, Hebron, recently
visited Blunt, Dak., using a thirty-day
round trip ticket. While at Blunt Mr.
King died, and after considerable dis
cussion the railway people decided that
the body could be returped to Hebron
on the same ticket, which was done.
Exeter has the champion croquet
club of tne state, it having recently
defeated the crack players of Platts
A district convention of the Christ
ian churches of southwestern Nebraska
is to be held at Arapahoe, October 2
, Frank Houser of Hastings attempted
to jump on a moving passenger train,
and is now minus his left leg just be
low the knee.
Mrs. Henry Schneyer, of Stratton,
tried to cut off the head of tt"chicken
with an ax, but instead she clipped off
about an inch of her thumb.
The efforts of the Falls City board
of trade to secure the meeting of the
State Dairymen's association in Decem
ber have proved successful.
The Grundy Star says that many
Logan county farmers are sowing fall
wheat, they having discovered that it
pays a great deal better than spring
Co-Operative Plan of the Farmers'
From The Statesman.
The most extensive scheme of a
operative character, ever undertaken
in this or any other country, is under
way at present by the National Farm
ers' Alliance. The philosophy of the
undertaking is entirely sound the
purpose is at once of the most serious
importance and of unquestioned jus
tice. Co-operation in exchange is an
effort to organize the producers of dif
ferent articles of value in such way as
to reduce the cost of exchange to tho
lowest figure. Boards of trade have
a similar organization, only tne pur
pose of the board of trade is primarily
to serve the traders, not the producers.
The Farmers'. Alliance is feeling its
way to the organization of a "Board
of Producers," with centers of distribu
tion in every county in the nation.
It is proposed to make these not
only centers of distribution, where the
cost of exchange shall be greatly re
duced, but also sources of the fullest
information regarding all - matters
of serious importance to the producing
classes. It will be a close organiza
tion of the largest market in the
world, and but a step will remain to
be taken to compel natural prices in
all staple lines of goods. It would
be a refreshing thing to see a sugar
refinery, or a twine lactory, once es
tablished, and its entire product en
gaged in advance at a cost of produc
tion and transportation with a fair and
honest profit added. If the farmers
will thoroughly organize their mar
ket, refineries and factories of all sorts
will be at their command. The trouble
has always been that wholesale prices
to consumers has involved a break
with the regular trade with no other
sufficient constituency to take its
The farmers have not been the only
sufferers, the manufacturers as well
are the constant victims of cornered
products and unnatural prices, i. e., the
prices they pay for finished articles for
their own consumption pushed up, and
the prices received in the market for
their own products pushed down.
The farmer is producing food and
the miner fuel ; each must have both
food and fuel. Let them exchange
each a portion of his own products for
a portion of the products of the other.
This exchange is what constitutes
trade. Whoso interests shall be of first
consideration the trader's or the
producer's? As the multitude must
always belong to the producers, it
would seem that their interests are
of the first importance. Properly the
agencies of exchange are the servants
of the producers, but practically these
servants are the masters of their em
ployers. The rush of the industrial
classes and their children for clerical,
mercantile ' and professional employ
ments is inexplicable on? any other
assumption, as is also the discrsdit
which, in certain circles, attaches to
the man or woman who honestly earns
a living with manual labor. '
Labor has had a long and hard fight
to. establish in the thought of the
world that it is not discreditable to be
a laborer, but this victory even is not
complete, until it is matched by an
other, which shall make it entirely
discreditable" not to be a laborer in
some useful and beneficient calling.
There is one thing which can compel
respect when all other considerations
fail. It is vain to contend that certain
things ought to be, if coupled with no
coercive power to compel them to be.
It will be in vain that the industrial
and agricultural interests will plead
their rights in commerce on the ground
of sentiment alone. Let the shop and
farm get closer together; let the farmer
and the miner organize a successful
co-operative exchange of products ; let
them once become the masters of the
markets, which they respectfully fur
nish to each other, and considerations
of respect will crown these masters.
APICULTURE AKD HORTICULTURE.
Borne Useflai Information Relating
to Both Branches.
D. D. T. MCOK.
' THE POTATO EOT.
A bulletin of tho New Jersey Exper!
mert Station, in discussing tbe treat men
of field and crop wtatr po to ret prevails
favors early digging and thorough flryg
as we have lately advised In the Witnen
It is ev'dnt, says the bulletin, Iba sf'er
the vines have b en killed there can be r
farther growih of the tubers, a- d s th
dhesEo first attack? tbe leaves and tip rf
the vices, and works downward lo"'.
and finally into the tnbes. ;t follows tba
there can he no 1ps in vield, ard a gr a
possible gain in healtfcf nines?, by esrU
digging A a rulr, ,be potatoes b on u
be removed from the soil ss soon a9 psei
ble after tbe vines have hem 's'rucfen
rot. Tbe dradvire- abour d in tb sport-
as tbe d'seasr, and it is popsi le f r t
tubers to be Infected by con'a"t wltb in
vines at the time f digging. Tbrt toy
is an Jmportant and inexpensive prMi'
Hon to rake tbe vines into a bcp -r
burn them before the potato s are unr,
the same time destroying mflliors f
germs cf tbe rot, pome of which migh
otbewiee do injurv elsewhere. The snv
conditions favor tbe rot afrra bf frr
digging, and hence the due tubfrs fhouk
be left to dry thoroughly; then the eovn
one may be ttorcd where tbey ran be k' p
dry, cool, atd with a good circulation of
fresh air. A.dmp, warm, c!o? cel'a
favors tbe growth of the rot. Air-slaked
lime, a handful or to per busbtl, may t
dusted over tbe freehly harvested potato e,
to dcEtroy any adherine permf.
PJPER SACKS FOR DEI ED FBC1TS. ' " "
A California journal says 'its attentat
bas been calltd to the. fact that dried trui
packed in stout paper sacks or packages
tightly tied, will keep good until late i
the Spring in good conduit n, and at tha
that time will be perfectly free from worm
It add that this may be true if tbe fru't
was not infested prior to bein? placed 'r
tbe packs and tied up. Tnere is no doubt
but what heavy muniia paper such as if
used in the Eastern States for fl-mr eack
would make a very handsome package for
dried fruits. There is a sack especially
manufactured for dried fruits, consisting
of a burlap bag, lined with heavy manila
paper; which will answer admirably not
only for keeping the fruit from the air arl
it sects and free from dust and dirt, but
which makes a very ttrong package from
which there is no liability cf the fruit be.
come foul from the ttreads aad fuzz, as in
the case where tbe fruit is placed in an or
dinary burlap sack, This paper-lined
package for dried fruits is something new,
and should be tested thoroughly.
HOUSE TUB IMPLEMENTS.
Spring is the time to procure good
implements snd Fall the season to see tbat
they are stored properly.. Some one eea
eonably says that every farm implement
which has performed its work for the crop
should be carefully housed, after thorough
cleaning and oiling, and put in position
for ready use when tbe next season's cam
paign begins. Tbe old custom of haying
a plough, reaper or mower in the field af
ter its work has been completed should
find no followers in this advanced age.
In the first place, no good farmer can af
ford any but the mort improved imple
ments of husbandry. There is no economy
in any way tut the best, which should al
ways be ttept in the yeiy best rondition.
Then, with good thorough work, when
the season has ended, every farm imple
ment should be carefully looked after and
securely boused. By this means a steel
plough -will wear itself out in tbe service
of its owner, instead of being worn out by
be owner frcm neglect and want cf at
tention. The same cf every farm imple
ment. Far met s must learn first to get
tbe best cf everything, use it with care,
and when not needed see that it is prop
erly looked after and protected. ,
STOETHG AND SELLING HONEY.
Don't put your honey in the cellar, ad
vises Mrp. Harrison, an apiarian authority,
in tbe Fiairie Farmer; it may do one
time in a hundred, but as a general thing
it will pet watery, ooze from the combs,
and leak frcm the boxes. A dry, hot,
well ventured room is the best place,
where a fi-e can be kindled during damp,
foggy or rainy weather. In such a r lace
honey will cure and improve all tbe time.
Mrf , II. wonders wbat people are think,
ing who are shipping honey off to cities
durine July and August, adding that huck
sters in Peoria, II'., have bought it st com-m'ssiocs-bouses
as low as eight cents per
pound. She says tbat dealers are selling
honey -just as they would perishable ber
ru s. Tbe bawkers, jf they could rot rush
it off at 15 cents, lowered it to 12 centt;
if they could not sell fast enough at that,
tbey would take ten centf. Honey should
be kept at home until there is a demand
for it. Cool weather is the feasou for
bu 3k whest cakes and honey, and not when
the country is flooded with small fruits
and flies are abundant. Honey is not
perishable, and will keep for all time, if
protected from moths and kept in the
right temperature. .
CATTLE Butchers' steers.. .$2 50 3 00
Cows 2 CO (cH2 23
HOGS Fat 8 70 3 90
Stackers 3 00 (a 3 05
SHEEP 3 00 3 05
WHEAT No. 2 spring ....... 65 (a 80
OATS No. 2. 20 23
BYE No. 2 30 31
t ORN No. 2 new . 19 21
FLAXSEED........ 1 85 31 40
POTATOES 25 & SO
APPLES perbbl 2 00 2 tU
KAY Prairie, bulk... 4 50 5 Ot
CATTLE Prime steers $3 80 04 15
Cows.. 1 75 2 25
FOGP lair to heavy......... 8 95 (dtt 00
Mixed 3 85 4 08
CATTLE Choice 64 20 (34 25
Stockers and feeders 2 20 (33 25
HOGS Packing.............. 4 20 (4 30
SHu'EP Natives... 3 75 4 80
vvTEIEAT.... . 799
CATTLEGora ted : . . . . 9 CO 15
Feeders 1 fiO tstS
Good to ohoioe.... ..4 2 KM,
Mixed 3 95 1
Tho Romance of the IleAdacfcp.
"I went down to dinner resoltfv! to
be cheerful and well conducted, . 'ml
kept ray resolution very creditaWy,
considering how mv head ached and
how internally . wrVtcbed I lelt" ("The
Tenant of Wildfell Hall"). That is
the keynote of too many pares in all
the Bronte novels. The lady who
writes has a headache, and ieels in
ternally Wretched, k She is "conduct
ing nersell very creditably, consider
ing;" but her dark brow shows how
limited is the life she lrtok3 out upon.
and how a passionate heart easrer
for love and happiness beats itself
against tne wires of her little world.
When society is better or worse
than it is todav,when governesses no
longer exist, these tales will tell peo
ple what life looked like to governess
es, in them we ure always at the
eroverness nnint m vipw. - A vonner
lady who is a guest and not a guest,
a servant and not ' a servant, poor
and clever amonsr the dull and ricn,
is watching them, despising them, de
testing them, and taking her prouu,
envious notes of them and their ways.
"Heaven was cruel when it made wo
men " Rnid onoof fieorce Uiot S peo-
pie; society was savage when it made
Inevitablv miserable themselves
thev are the source of misery to oth
ers. They see the existence that is
not theirs; they hear the words that
are not spoken for their e ars; voung,
it is their duty to interfere with., the
diversions of youth and to snub the
high spirits of the- school room. If
they mix with the grown up people,
it is under a protest which they sil
ently make themselves; if they do
not mix with them, they live in an
artificial solitude, alone, while music
and laughter and talk are echoing
iamtiy not lar away. JNo tact can
make their position endurable, as a
rule, no tact of their own nor of their
employers, and they must feel more
intensely even than other women a
feverish desire lor a justice which is
not of this world.
This was the position of Charlotte
lironte. "JNo one but myself can tell
how hard a governess work is to
me, for no one but mvself is aware
how utterly averse my whole mind
UUU J.1CLUI C UX VJJ AC CT ill JlJ lAXVil ly
Andrew Lang in Good Works.
bnckskin Joe One Day to ate.
He entered a bank in a Kansas
town just at noon, when the place
was deserted by all sa ve the cashier,
who had a far-away look in his eyes
as his pale face appeared at the wick
et. Drawing a revolver from his hip
pocket, the man with the sombrero
and buckskin shirt and long hair
rested the barrel on the edge of the
counter and said:
"lam Buckskin Joe."
..... X T -m
ine casnier reacnea arouna lor a
2 bill and laid it before him.
"Hand out the boodle or I'll blow
daylight through you!" was the
"There it i.," was the calm reply.
"Don't monkey with me! Hand'
over the funds!"
"There is every dollar we have in
the bank. Come around here and see
"liut -tmt "
"Easy enough explained. The
president and cashier sloped m com
pany last night, and this is the bill
they overlooked. I'm the teller and
I'm standing here in hopes to take
in enough deposits to pay my fare to
"And the shanty is busted?"
"As you see. Sorry for vou, old.
boy, but you ought to have dropped
in yesterday. Please do tne the "fa
vor to keep still as you go out. I've
been lynched twice in this state and
I don't admire the sensation." New
Much bran and little meal.
It will do with an onion.
Honor buys no beef in the market.
Better are small fish than an empty
Let him that earns the bread eat
Heat not your oven with another
If it should -rain norridge there's
many a man would have no dish.
lie has two stomachs to eat and one
to work. -
Bannocks are better nor nae kind
Sleep without supping, wake with
God sent never the mouth without
It is good baking when tho meal is
You cannot sell the cow . and have
He lets his cake burn rather than
another should turn it.
Eat and welcome; fast and heartily
He that eats till he is sick must
asttill he is well.
If you take away the salt, you may
throw the flesh to the dogs.
Ihe cat is honest when the meat is
on the top shelf.
He that would eat a good dinner,
et him eat a good breaktast.
it is a great pleasure to eat and
mve nothing to nay. Lucullus in
Leare Your Horses Alone.
One of the best veterinary surgeons
New York remarked the other day
that if men left their horses alone the
business of the veterinary would be, to
great extent, taken away. "Most
of my efforts," said the horse doc
tor, in a sudden fit of candor, "are
devoted to renn.irinop the ravages of
gentlemen who thfnk they know all
bout a horse because they happen
own one. JSxcept in tne very
mplest cases, people ought to make
a rule never to doctor horses un-
ler any condition. A little rest,
areful feeding and m oderate exercise
in pun a norse out ot almost any ot
je lighter illnesses. Then whenever
man nas a chance to give a horse
rest for a lew week, he should have
le animal's shnoa nlillpd nflf nnd
urn him out to pasture in the ecn.n-
niatn fcr the Rome.
It takes three large lemmons to
iiake two quarts of lemonade with
me most econonical 6kill.
Cold tea is a good old-fashioned
remedy for sore eyes. Bathe the
iyea frequently, especially before re
aring, and you will soon find renei.
A transparent mucilage of great
fcenacitvmnv be made by mixing
:ice flour with cold water, and letting
.t simmer gently over the fire.
Linseed poultice One-half cup lin
ked meal one teaspoonful. well-pre-
tW1 mutton tallow; mix with hot
arater to a smooth paste.
When you buy a new broom, select
i dozen ot the smoothest and largest
jplints, pull them out, and lay them
iway to use in testing cake when it
lo set color in black or dark
losiery, calicoes, cambrics, etc., put
i large tablespoonful of black pepper
mo a pan oi water, and let the ar
ticles lie in soak for a couple of hours.
Delicious Waffles. Half a pint
of cold boiled farina , half a pint o
rice flour, two tablespoonfuls of
wneat Hour, one pint of milk, one
teaspoonlul of butter, two eggs well
Mildewed linen may be restored by
3oaping the spots while wet, covering
them with fine chalk scraped topow
ier, and rubbing it well in. Or soak
in buttermilk and spread on the
sjrass in the sun.
Violet-tinted silk serge over a kilt
sd skrrt of reseda faille shot with gold
formed a rich and elegant 5 o'cloi
tea-gown recently worn. Gold and
shaded tints in violet, reseda and
pale-brown showed delicately in the
smbroidered bands on the empire
vest and petticoat.
Ribbon is used this season with
jreat prodigality. Many lovely
evening dresses composed of tinted
silk net have the entira front formed
of lengthwise rows of ribbon run so
closely together that one would
scarcely suspect the means by which
the pretty eflect is produced.
Dark purplish red shades, such as
dahlia and rosewood, are largelv
imported in rich silks and ribbons,
and in velvets for dresses and bou
nets. New names are given some of
these colors, but the shades are fa
miliar and are quite different from
the light reddish mahogony tints,.
There is a great rage for flower
bonnets and toques abroad. Some
are made of foliage alone; for exam
pie, pale yellow-green rose leaves
overlapping eacli other. On evening
bonnets, sent from Paris, soft, beau
tiful rose petals are likewise arranged
over an airy foundation of pink tulle
There is nothing better for a cut
than powdered resin. Pound it until
fine and put it in an empty, clean
pepper box with perforated . top;
then you can ensilv sift it out on the
cut, and put a soft cloth around the
injured member ard wet with cold
water once in a while. It will prevent
inflammation and soreness.
For a old in the head the follow
ing is perhaps one of the most effica
cious remedies: Solution of hydro-
chlorate of cocaine. 30 drops; gly
cerine, 00 drops. lo which add
enough very hot water to fill half a
hand call anatomizer. Fassing
through the tube will sufficiently
modny the heat and render the ap
plication of this preparation to the
irritated mucous surfaces n most
soothing, and grateful expedient.
When about to sweep a large room
where the carpet is rather dusty,
have a pail of warm water handy
and dip your broom in the water
shaking off all the drops; sweep a
third of the room, then moisten the
broom again, always shaking it as
dry as possible, and you will find the
dust will all be m the water and not
flying through the air, trying to find
its way to the lungs: besides it makes
the carpet look bright and fresh.
Mothers will find that a band ot
flannel worn around the stomach and
hips of children who are troubled
with, bowel complaints during the
summer, and whose vitality is low
at all times.will greatly benefit them.
It may be gored to ht and -hooked
in the back. Three ofthese bandages
of graded thickness should ' be kept
on hand, and if changed with the
weather they will lessen the danger
of cold, neuralgia and inflammation
of the bowels.
Tea, coffee and cocoa ore three ad
missible drinks, but none in excess.
For the voice, cocoa is the most ben
eficial. It should never be made too
strong, and those cocoas are the best
that have been demived of their oil.
A cup of thin cocoa, just warm, is to
be recommended between the exer
tions of singing. Tea must not be
taken too strong, nor when it has
drawn too long, for tea then becomes
acrid and has a bad influence upon
the mucous membrane that lines the
throat. There is always a dry sen
sation after haviug a cup oFtea that
has been allowed to draw too long.
A vocalist had better do without su
gar in tea and only takemilkMith it.
To remove a foreign body from th
eye wrap dry white silk waste around
and thoroughly over the end of a
wooden toothpick, brush with this
carefully over the part of the eye
where the substance is lodged and it
will become entangled in the silk.
Bits of steel or any sharp substance
which may become embedded in the
eyeball may be removed by this
means. A gentleman once when rid
ing on the cars a window was thrown
open in front of him and he caught
a cinder that gave mm excrucianng
pain. He began to rub the eye with
both hands, when he was directed by
a friend sitting near to let the painful
?ye alone and "rub the other one. This
be did and relief followed soon.
The Washington Monument is 555
feet high, and has no rival in stature
at present, but the Parisians are
priding themselves on the fact that
they have, standing on the Camp do
Mars, an iron tower one thousand
Naturally enough, M. Eiffel, the
eminent French engineer, who built
the tower, but who is better known
to fame on this continent as the
man who invented the svstem of
iron locks for the Panama Canal,
is proud of his .tall enterprise.
Speaking of it lately, he said
with enthusiasm: "Consider its im
portance from a meteorological point
of view. It is not every day that
meteorologists can get up a thou
sand feet above the soil. This tower
will enable them to study the decrease
of temperature at different heights,
to observe the variations of the
winds, find out the quantity of rain
that falls at different heights and the
density of the clouds. Indeed, in all
that rela tes to temperature, hygro
metry, air currents and the compo
sition of the air, the tower will afford
opportunities for study and research
many of which have hitherto been
impossible. It will be equally useful
to astronomers. Here experi
ences with the spectroscope
pan be carried on with great
facility; the laws of refraction
and the physical aspect of the room,
W, JScjr , Vic
planets and nebula studied in most
avorable conditions. Then there is
ts utility frcm a military point of
view, in the event ot another seige
of Paris, see how important this
tower would be. Communications
could be kept up by means of optic
telegraphy, for a great distance
around Paris; for from the summit
you have a magmheent panorama
extending from 120 to UjO kilome
tres. Paris by night, decorated and
illuminated as it has been during tho
Exhibition, is a sight which before
was only within the reach of aero
nauts. In fact, the tower is the chief
attraction of the Exhibition. In our
construction of the tower we have
calculated on the force of wind. We
have calculated that the tower will
normally withstand a wind pressure
Df three hundred kilogrammes per
square metre, which amounts to
a total pressure of 2,250,000
kilogrammes. We have made
this calculation on tho most
'avorable hypothesis possible. We
have reckoned the trellis work as full
tvalls and mado other allowances.
And, as the strongest tempests
Known in Paris have never been be
yond a pressure ofone hundred and
afty kilos per square metre, tb.9 tower
is perfectly secure. Should a wind
bearing a force of three hundr?d kilos
arise little would be left standing in
Paris except the tower."
lie will run the tower during the
Exposition and for twenty years
ifterwards, at the end of which time
it will become the property of the
:ity. The tower cost a million dol
lars, ot which the r l ench Uovernment
paid about three hundred thousand.
Housekeeping of the Fntnre,
?rom the Forum.
In cities and villages the kitchtu
and cooking stove and the hired girl
ire all to be banished from the home.
21othesinaking, soapmaking, starch,
naking, laundry work. coffee-
Drowning yeastmaking, butt'er-mak-'ng
all are gone. Send after them
3r rather say that organized indus
try is already taking along with
these the remaining work of cook
ing and cleaning. This state of
things Is coming aa sure as fate; and
when it comes the deliverance will be
so great that generations yet un
born shall rise up to bless the work
ings of this beneficent law.
The city of the future will not
build houses in squares, giving to
every house an individual kitchen
and prisonlike backyard. It will
rather build them all around an
open square, and the part now dis
figured with the kitchen will be given
over lor a household sitting-room or
nursery, opening info a great green
space, where children shall play in
safety, and through which the free
air of" heaven shall blow into the
houses surrounding it. In every
square will be found a scientifically
constructed building, containing a
laundry and a great kitchen, supplied
with every modern appliance fo?
skilled and scientific cookery, and
also for sending into every dining-
room any desired quantity or variety
of food. Hie individuality of the
home and the home table will be
preserved, and the kitchen smells.and
waste, and "hired girl" will all be
Old. worn-out dairy cows sell in the (
Chicago market as low as 1.25 per
cwt. Sales are chiefly to canners,
who prepare "prime steam-cooked
corn beef." Texas cows and bulla
,ell at 1.50 to $2.25.
FOR THE FARMER.
Vote tor th Fftrmtn.
With good cure there is no danger
of loss on a thrifty, well fed pig lesi
than nine months old.
The man that haa the poorest stall
ion generally does the most blowing
about him. National Stockman.
In driving horses on the road let
them drink at eVery opportunity; n
dozen times a day in summer is not
Small fruits have produced abun
dantly throughout the Black Hill
this year, and tbe quality has been
Don't burn the straw il you have
any stock to eat it. or tramp it into
condition for top-dressing tho wheat
or grass lands.
Cream makes better butter to rUt
in cold air than to ri3o in cold water,
but it will rise sooner in cold water
and the milk keep sweet longer.
Feter Hoffman, of Miner county,
has raised over 100 bushels of toma
toes, 4,000 heads of cabbage, and a
variety ot other vegetables on three
acres this year.
The wheat crop in the lower counties
of South Dakota was one of the
heaviest ever harvested, while corn,
millet, flax and potatoes are in ex
It you have not already protected
your grain, hay and buildings by ef
fective fire-breaks, do not sleep until
you have done so. Do not wait for
rrosts do it to-day.
It is useless to try to save pure
seed of many varieties of plants and
vegetables, if grown near other
plants'with which the flowers may
M. W. Cook savs that Iowa is nl-
ways associated in the mind of near
ly every one with rearing the best
domestic animals and"
id producing the
It is "the land of
largest field crops.
corn and swine. '
To make tho finest-flavored and
longest-keeping butter the cream
must undergo a ripening process by
exposure to the oxygen of the air
while it is rising. The ripening ia
very tardy when tho temperature is
The depth of setting 7 should vary
with tho temerature; tho low er it is
the deeper milk may be set, the high,
er, the shallower it should be. Milk
should never be set shallow in a low
temperature, or deep in a high one.
Setting dee) in cold water econom
izes time, labor and space.
Onions keep best in barn
lofts wher3 they freeze. Freez
ing and thawing injures
them. Joseph Harris onco threw
a load under his evergreenf" "
protected only with snowbanks. They
were sold at high price the next
spring. Green's Fruit (1 rower.
There is perhaps no county in the
Dakotas where so many formers own
sheep as in Spink county, and a flock
master writes: "There is no demand
for good sheep here. Those who havo
sheep want to increase their Hocks,
and no ono cares to sell, for no ciop,
or kind of stock pays so well aa
Some ingenious chap has invented
a ne'v-fangled milking stool. It is a
four-legged concern t wo or three feet
long, is provided with a seat for tha
milker, a shelf for the bucket, a stow,
away for milking overalls and a tool
box. This will never become popu
lar. With . a clumsy thing of tin.
kind, how would the" farmer" 'bo able
to punish the cow when she kicks and
runs away? One leg is a enough for
any milking stool. Iowa State Beg
A good cleaning powder for win
dows and mirrors is prepnred by
moistening calcined magnesia with
pure benzine, so that a mass will tm
formed sufficiently moist to let a
drop lorm when pressed. The mix
ture has to be preserved in glass bot
tles with ground stoppers, in order
to retain the easily volatilo benzine.
A little of the mixture 4s placed on a
wad of cotton and applied to the
glass plate. Do not use near a fire
or light, as the benzine vapor is very
inflammable and explosive.
It is often found that cows prefer
to drink stagnant water, even almost
filthy, from pools, rather than to
take that fresh drawn from the well.
It is not the cleanness of the well wa
ter that the cows object to, but its
coldness. Leave the well water in
tubs or troughs exposed to the air a
few hours in summer. The cows will
drink more freely, give more milk and
do better every way for it. Filthy
water they should not bo allowed to
drink, at least while giving milk.
When cream is colder than tho sur
rounding air it takes up moisture
and impurities from the air. When
the air is colder than tho cream it
takes up moisture and whatever es
capes from the cream. In the former
case tho cream purifies the surround
ing air, in the latter case the air
helps to purify the cream. The selec
tion of a creamer should hinge on
what is most desired, highest quality
or greatest convenience and economy
in time, spuee and labor.
An Ohio dairyman tells the Dairy
World how ho makes his cows com
fortable in hot weather. He keeps
them in etables, slightly darkened'
through the middle of the day Dur
ing this time they eat, he says, but
little. From ten to three o'clock a
little fodder corn or green food of
some kind is kept in their managers.
His experience is that underpins
treatment the flow of raiik is moro
aniform, and the cows are certainly
much more comfortable.
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