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About The alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1889 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 7, 1889)
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Lincoln, . -U . -o-: Nebraska.
'All communictions for the paper should
. te addressed to THE ALLIANCE VUBLISH
. ING CO.. aud all matters pertaining to the
Farmers' Alliance, ineluditg- subscriptions to
the pape, to the Secretary- .
, . II; G? ARMITAGE, Editor,
President, J. Burrows, Filley, Neb. ' V
Vice President, Hi L. Loucks, Clear Creek,
Secretary, August Post Moulton, Iowa.
' Treasurer, Hon. J. J. Furlonjr, Austin Minn.
Lecturer, A. D. Chase Watertown, Dak.
NEBKAjdZA STATE ALLIANCE.
President, John H. Powers, Cornell.
Vice President, James Clark, Wabash.
Secretary-Treasurer, J. M. Thompson.Lincoln.
Lecturer, M. M. C!ge, Creiarhton.
Executive Committee: J. Burrows Filley;
- B. F. Allen, -Wabash; Allen Hoot, Omaha;
L. Henry, Hansen; W. M. Gray, North Loup.
Deputy Organiers: Bobert. Gray,;inman;
Alva Tompkius, Hansen; James A. Butler,
Ewingr; Wm.Ctark," Banner; John A. Hogg,
Shelton; J. W. Hartley, West Union; P. J.
Reese, LexinjrtonrC. J. Mecham, Cambridge,
W.J. Holly, Cam&idjre; L. C. Floyd, Brom
fleld; Charles Rooster, Silver Creek: Herbert
O. Miller, Cambridge; Thomas Sinclair, Fuller,
ton ; W. A. Mansfield. Gandy ; F. J. Frederici,
North Platte: Ji F. Black, Indianola; J. 8.
" Kiddle, Arcadia: J. FHarrison, York; Sher
1 man StevensonTAima; G. W. Norman, La
mar; J. Y. M. Swig-art, Fremont; E. M. Har
rison, Venango: Geo. W. Felton, Angus;
Louis McKeynoV'airfleld; Jas. C. Hether
i ngton, BeatrieeF'T
Dakota Territory: President, H. L.
Loucks, Clear Lake: ' ".''-'''
Secretary, C. A. Soderburg-, Hartford.
Minnesota :--fesident, George W. Sprague,
Secretary. George W, Haigh, Mankato.
IowA:-President, A. L. Stuntz, State Centre;
Secretary. AugustPflst, Moulton. '
IixtsoiR: PresiAnt, ; Secretary, Da
vid Ward Wood, 158 Clark St., Chicago.
Wisconsin: President, N. E. Moody Viro
qua; Secretary, A. F. Sands, Fairfield. . -
Kansas: President, J. M. Morris, White
City; Secretary, TJ J.McLain, Peabody,
Washington Territory: President, J. M.
Iteed, Oaksdale ; Secretary, J. W. Ar rowsmith,
Colfax. ; :
Ohio: President, a M. Smith, Climax;
Vice-President, W. H.Likins, Caledonia; Sec
retary. A. T. Goorley Iberia; Treasurer, N.
C Bader, Marits. Executive Committee:
eo.C.Gruber, Marits f Wm. Brocklesby, Ca -.cdonia;
D.N.Auld. Maactell; Enoch Dunham,
Harwood; J.D.Armstrong, Mt. Gilead.
DECLARATION fF PURPOSES.
Profoundly impressea that we, the Farm
ers' Alliance, united by the strong and faith
ful ties of financial and home interests,
should set forth our declarations, we. there
fore resolve :Tte t,.' ''" M
To strive to secure, the establishment of
right and justice to ourselves and our pos
terity. t-:- ' '"
To labor for the edufttlon of the agricul
tural classes in the science of economical
government in a strictly non-partisan spirit.
To endorse the motto, "In things essential,
unity; in all things tbarity."
To secure purity of Jpe elective franchise,
and to induce all vote to intelligently exer
" eiff. :t for the enactment and execution of
laws which will express the most advanced
public sentiment upoll questions involving
J tne interests or iHoorere auu inruicre.
To develop a better 6tate mentally, morally,
coeiaily and financially. .
To constantly 6trive o secure entire har
mony and good-wiH-mong all mankind, and
brotherly love amoiig ourselves.
To suppress personal, local, sectional and
national prejudices; all unhealthful rivalry,
and all selfish ambition.
To assuage the sufferings of a brother and
sister, bury the dead, care for the widows and
educate the orphans; to exercise charity to
ward offenders f to construe words and pur
purposes in their mtfct favorable light, grant
ing honesty of purpbt? and good intentions to
others, and to protect the principles of the
Allianee unto death. , :
Post Office at LifsrcdtN, Neb., June 18, 1889.
I hereby certify that The Alliance, a week
ly newspaper published at this place, has been
determined by the Third Assistant Post Mas
ter General to be .-publication entitled to
. admission in the mails at the pound rate of
postage, and entry of it as such is accordingly
inad&jjpon theJtooSs of this office. Valid
while the character, of the. publication re
mains unchanged."" Albert Watkiks,
, . Postmaster,
v. ; '. i
This department is conducted by the Secre
tary of the State Alliance to whom all com
munications in relation to Alliance work,
short articles upo various subjects of inter
est to the Alliance etc should be addressed.
Write plain and only ou-tme side of the paper.
Sign wnat you choose to your articles but
send us your name always.
Charters granted since last issue of
Xo. 657, J. BI Carnes, secretary.
" 658, E. F. Winter,
44 659, J. X. MeRoberts, "
u 660, Miss Adda McCallnin, "
44 661, Geo. M.nyder, u
' 44 662, Robert' Hesselgesser, "
44 663, II. W. Kessler, 44
44 664, John F: "Kyle, 44
44 665, A. W: Hunt, 44
" Secretary HenryCrandall, ol Plain
view, sends us two subscriptions from
his place this week.
Bro. John C. Spencer,- of Mason
City, Neb., sends a club of . six sub
scribers to the patjerv
Bro. John H.v Brown, of Cumro,
sends a list of ' fiveubscribers along
with quarterly report of their Alli
The Alliances of Frontier county
have formed a buiness association,
with Bro. L. H. FitcH, of Curtis, as
i ... r
V" 'Bro. Chas. A. Price, of Adams, re
ports that they are all very busy with
their harvest and threshing, and that
crops are good.
Bro.' J. II. . Kk)tz president of
Coughman AllianceV Memphis, Neb.,
reports an addition of four new mem
bers at last meeting -
Bro. Ii. S. Orcutt; of Hansen, sends
two subscriptions to .the paper, and
says we can look for more soon.
Thanks to Bro. Orcutt. ;
. . ..... v .
Bro. Evans, organizer for Loup
county, sends application for a charter
for an Alliance in thatcounty to be
called.Gracie Creek Alliance. '
Mr. Niels C. Sorenson, of Minden,
writes for the necessary flanks for or
ganizing an Alliance in his locality.
They have eleven fanners ready to
becpme charter members.. "
Secretary C; F. Hue efeld, of tne
newly organized Alliance of Harmony,
i.urora,says:We have a membership of
enty-ight, and a nuffber of others
' P8 their wishes to Join, for every
feels the heavjburdens that
.an trusts are placing upon
fractureav. Surely it is time farm-
Bro.. W. P. Filbert, of Stratton,
writes and encloses a subscription to
the paper. Our friends are doing well
by the paper and we appreciate their
Bro. John S. Leis, of Atkinson,
Neb., sends four subscriptions to the
paper and says he will do all he can for
it. We are- certainly under obliga
tions to Bro. Lies.
Bro. W. A. McDonald, of Homestead
Alliance, Cambridge, reports that they
are going to work with a will and ex
pect to accomplish something. A good
will and strong determination never
Organizer Sam'l ' J. Plymesser, of
Pierce county, is getting ready to take
the field and sends for all necessary
blanks, constitutions, etc. The secre
tary forwards them and.' we bid Bro.
Plymesser god speed in the work.
Unity Alliance, of Frontier county,
has at last "swarmed" just as we ex
pected, and have added another new
hive which will be known as Lincoln
Alliance No. 661. Talk about the
busy bees, you will find them in the
Frontier county hives.
Bro. J. J. Baker, of Orafino, reports
their Alliance progressing finely. Their
quarterly report shows an addition of
seventeen new members during last
quarter. Bro. Baker also says that
tliey have received copies of Tiie Al
liance and are all pleased with it,
and are getting up a club for it. Thanks
brothers. ? ,
Organizer John A- Hogg, of Buffalo
county, sends names of officers of Elm
Island Alliance as follows: " President,
James JF. Lippincott; Secretary, Harry
Kessler; Treasurer, Frank Griffers;
Lecturer, Joseph Switzer; Chaplain,
Jerre Miller; Doorkeeper, Harry Peck.
Bro. Hogg also reports the Alliances
of Buffalo county progressing nicely.
They contemplate organizing a County
H. W. Kisler, secretary of a new
Alliance called Elm Island Alliance,
located in Kearney county, sends ap
plication for charter with eight charter
members to start ' with. This Alliance
is northwest of Kenesawi which is
opening up a new field in the work.
Bro. John. A. Hogg, of Shelton, was
the organizer. We tender this Alli
ance our best wishes y for its utmost
success. ' ,
Organizer W. J. Holly, of Cam
bridge, reports the organization of
North Ridge Alliance ; with the follow
ing officers: President, C. S. Corwin;
Vice-President, Geo. M. Cady; Sec
retary, J. L. McRoberts; Treasurer,
E. M. Pratt; Lecturer, Geo. M. Cady;
Doorkeeper, R. Williams; Assistant
Doorkeeper, E. M. Pratt; Sargeant-at-arms,
C. C. D. Maulsby; Chaplain,
John Donovan. Executive committee,
C. C. D. Maulsby, R. Williams.
President Towers made a trip into
Hayes county last week where he or
ganized Antelope Alliance No. 660
and appointed Mr. E. D. Glaze as dep
uty organizer for that county. . Ex
cessive wet weather hindered him
from meeting many of the farmers,
but he reports that county as ready for
complete organization this fall. The
entire western half of the state will
soon be supplied with organizers and
ready for a vigorous forward move.
Ansley, Neb., Aug. 4. Editor
Alliance: Please find enclosed
three subscriptions to Tiie Alliance.
I will send more soon, as several have
said they want the paper as soon as
they could raise the money, and some
of our members subscribed with other
parties. Our Alliance is in a good
condition and increasing. At last re
port we had twenty-one members.
Have not heard from state secretary in
reply to report yet. Your paper is just
what we a? farmers want, and I think
every farmer should help the wheel
roll. Yours fraternally,
J. C. Zimmerman, Sec'y 520.
W. C. Clifford, secretary of Garfield
Centre Alliance, sends application for
charter for an Alliance in Holt county
to be called Deloit Alliance, and says:
44I think this Alliance will be a strong
one. The people are fast awakening
to a sense of their duty to themselves
and their families. They have been
squeezed by the iron hand of the mon
ey power so hard that at last they have
to cry out and own up that they were
on the wrong track and call on us for
help.: It is like the cry from Macedo
nia, and we gladly help. Send this
Alliance a good supply of 'the neces
sary papers. Also, I would like if
you could, send them a few copies of
The Alliance , for I find it .to be a
great eye opener to the people. Every
body likes it. Old republicans and
democrats alike are beginning to
think that there is some other way to
be opened up for their relief, and it is
strange how fast they are turning.
Men who once ridiculed the Alliance
are now its strongest supporters. . - Let
the grand work go on." This is a good
letter from Bro. Clifton, and we take
the liberty to publish it. We'll do as
he requests, and .cheerfully send our
brethren of Deloit Alliance sample
copies of our paper this week.
Broken Bow, Neb., July 27, 1889.
J. M. Thompson: Will you please
send me some supplies such as consti
tutions, applications for charters etc.,
as we are sadly in need of them; also
send me a few sample copies of our pa
per for distribution o various Sub-Alliances.
We are progressing aai'cely as
an organization and expect to have one
hundred SuKAIliances in the county
by January 1st." "Not only is the first
work of organization ioing on, but ed
ucation on the objects and aims and
grand purposes of the Alliances. The
camp fires of liberty are being kindled
on every hilltop and great ) interest is
being manifested by the "plowholder,"
and they are seeking the truth and
delving deeper and deeper into the
sciences of economic and civil govern
ment, and are trying to solve some of
the problems that confront them, and
effect the perpetuity of civilized society.
I am, at present making a tour among
the various subordinate Alliances of
the county, and find them all in good
working order so far, with perfect har
mony and unity of purposes and senti
ment which is very encouraging. ' Open
meetings are being held which is an
important factor in educating public
opinion and has resulted in an increase
of membership almost in every instance.
We as an Alliance in Custer county,
have adorned anew the armor of cur
cause, and, are determined, to never
lay it down oh the field of human rights
until every unjust law that disgraces
our statute books is righted; high
freight rates, high interest, high taxa
tion. Combines and trusts, high pri
ces for what we consume, and low pri
ces for what we produce. Until this
is accomplished in a measure that will
be the greatest good to the greatest
number the Alliance will have a grand
mission to perform. .
John G. Painter.
The Laborer Gives a Suggestion-Think
Fix the Delegations to there can be no Prox
ies f 1 Sale Tne Ring are Belying on lay
ing up Pn xtes as the Only Meant of Getting
Some of Tneir Big Onns in the Convention
Their Wards and Precincts Wilt Not Elect
Th9m The War is On. - S
JThe Laborer gives its friends in the
different wards and precincts in Lan
caster county the following timely
warning, viz : Proxies ire to be bought
right and left, so if you make no pro
visions against this crying evil, all
your' hard work in the primaries may
'serve for naught. The honest, unsus
pecting farmer may have some hay
down, or some business to attend and
think it all right to give his proxy
to some person who has more tima
to attend the convention and Ood
knows that the Lincoln rin;; .has any
supply .ot this crawlinc rotten set on
hand thinking that his place will be
filled all right "maby it will,' and
maby it won't," but, maby's won't do
in Lancaster county conventions. The
remedy i3, elect your number of dele
gates, at the same time (having already
chosen them) elect alternates with a
distinct understanding that in case the
delegate or alternate fail to attend the
convention, that the balance of the
delegation have power to cast his or
their'a the absent delegate or his al
ternate's vote. This is the only way
of keeping the State Journal, railroad
influence and the Clark crowd out of
he covention. It is said that if one of
them gets there, it will be through a
proxy. It is a well kxown fact that
politics have decended so low in Lan
caster county that we are cursed with
a "sleek eioment" in the different
wards and precinsts who have not the
manhood to have an opinion of their
own, but who are frequently
elected as delegates to our conven
tion but invariably sell their right
for which there is good demand. Save
all this annoyance ; anything that is
worth doing is worth doing well. Do
not work hard in the primaries without
you protect that work by this safe
guard no proxies.
will require to watch its delegation
closely. Labormen and farmers are
determined to have something to say in
this county. They are about the only
ones that pay honest, personal prop
erty tax ; they are the majority in this
county, and they intend to have some
thing to say in it.
Bead the Laborer ; send for it ; read
it; hand it to your neighbor.
The Scientific American of a re
cent issue sayp, an act passed by the
Nef York legislature to go into ef
fect Jan. 1. 1892, which makes it
necessary for all R. R., corporations
to provide their engines and coaches
with patent self adjustable couplings,
under a penalty of from $500 to $1000
fine for evtry offense. This is a
most hum ane and charitable law that
will prove a blessing to roil road em
ploye s and will saye hundreds of
lives end a multitude of physical
wrecks that the present I arbarously
constructed cars are every year caus
ing to.. te recorded. Let the other
states now follow the lead.
Read the article in regard to Lin
coln assessments which we take from
the Nebraska Laborer. The Laborer
is fearless and outspoken in this mat
ter and commends itself to the sup
port of all fair -minded people of the
city and 'county.
cj PRODUCTS! j
The way to do this is to ship your Butter, 'Eggs, Poultry, Veal, Hay, 'Grain, Wool, Hides,
Beans, Broom Corn, Green and Driett Fruits, Vegetables, or anything you nave, to us. The
fact that you may have been selling these articles at home for years n no reason that you
should continue to do so if you can ilnd a better market. We make a specialty of "receiving
shipment direct from FARMERS AND PRODUCEHS. and probably have the largest trade in
this way of any house in this market. Whilst you 'are looking around for the cheapest mar
ket in which to buy your goods and thus economizing in that way, it will certainly pay you
to give some attention to the best and most profitable wcj of disposing of your 'produce. We
invite correspondence fro INDIVIDUALS, ALLIANCES, CLUBS, and all organizations
who desire to ship their produce to this market. If -requested, we will send you free of
charge our daily market report, shipping directions.and such information as will be of ser
vice to you if you contemplate shipping. Let us hear from you.
COMMISSION teRCHANTS, 174 S. WATER, ST., CHICAGO.
'REFERENCE :-:MetropoUtin Nation Barfk,
Some of the Property
Anesssisats of Xincolns Big Guns as
Compared with Other that are
Honestly Struggling. Ho Wonder the
City is Chort of Honey- No Wonder .
Our Peer Clerks, Eaok Keepers and ,
Labor men are Called upon to Fay a
Poll Tax- Ho wonder the Dog has to
Wear a Collar with a City Tax Card
H. T. CLARK & CO ,
Compared with Herman Keonig.Sarah
T Donnelly and Zlary Bliss, all .
In Block 31 and 32 this City. .
H T CLARK & CO.
Assessment on Personal Property an
Compared with Mrs. J. H.Blair,
Milliner, on the Equalization
Incidental to the changes made
Ibis week in our office, this co'umn
mu-t necessarily be cut down. How
ever, we have selected the First ard
for our camping ground and no less
personage than that of II. T. Clark :
& Co., the druggist. To commence
with we find that out Lincoln equali
zation board gives II. T. C ark & Co.
reductions on four lots, amounting to
$5,200. The lots and property up
on which this immense " wholesale
house stands, are reduced by the
equalization board as follows: Lot
11, from $5,000 to 3,500; lot 12,
from $7,000 to $4,000. Just think
of it, on that , immense building and
property on Q street, $4,500 in as
sessments struck off by the equaliza
tion board with one scratch of the
pen. But . that is not all. Then
comes lots No. 10. 11 and 12, block
31. The first fronts Q street and is
known as the Daily property, for
which H. T Clark & Co paid 36.C00
some time ago, and upon which'
stand two houses. This is assessed
at $700.00. Then come lots 11 and
12 upon which stand large foundry,!
these wpre assessed respectively,
$1,300 and $1,600 but the Lincoln
equalization board cut them down to
$1000 and $1200. Another slice for II.
T.Clark&Co.of $700 making in all, on
four lots, a reduction of assessments
as against the other tat payers of this
city of $5,400. Labormen and far
mers of Lancaster county what do you
think? In the same block we will
take poor Mrs. Bliss who has strug
gled hard to hold her property on
Eigl th and S streets. She has three
apologies for shanties on her lot in
this blot k, the three not worth $100.
Mark it! facing S street she is
assessed 900. and must take it.
Again there is Sarah Donnelly, Mr.
Keonig and Con Bresnahan in this
bloik 31. The two former are assess
ed 2or their shanties $600 etch, while
M r. Bresnahan that of $900. The
Laborer conteuds that as between
the location, improvements etc., H.
T. Clark & Co. is not paying his just
portion of tax to the city and county.
It' Mrs. Bliss, Mr. Keonig, Douneliy
and Bresnahau'd assessments are cot
rect it is then patent that the reduc.
tion made ia.those of II. T. CI irk &
Co., by the Lincoln asseisaient board
is wrong, in Other words, as the same
assessor assessed both parties we hold
that. $5,200 should not be taken off
of 1J. T. Clark & Co., without taking
the sitne proportion off of these poor
people above mentioned. anT in the
same block. Some sav II. T. Clark
& Go's private secretaiy's political
influence secures favors from the
powers that be. The write.' denies that
but informs those who make these
charges, that instead of following
every wire puller in the ward, if
they would attend the council meet
ings, attend the ward meeting, fleet
their own delegates, in short attend
to their own business, not hand it
over to Tom, Dick an7. Harry their
eve teeth would soon be cut.
The same ring tJiat caused all this
are to la tryinir to iret the hon-si
men of this ward to vote for a "rotten
rine candidate" for county treasurer
assisted we are sorry to eay by honest
but mislead men, we mean Maxey
In the personal property assessment
.of H. T. Clark & Co., we fiud on this
immense wholesale drug business
with their thousands of dollars worth
of spirits, wines and brandies, (and
their private secretary one of the
license commissioners of this city)
not to speak of their sundries, drugs
etc., that they are assessed for per
sonal property only $4000., while
honest Mrs. J. H. Blair (milliner) is
assessed for $1000. Is it not patent
to every man that if this wrong of Mrs
Blairs is correct, and we doubt it,
then H.T.Clark & Co's should at
least be ten times as much. Or on the
other hand if Clark &Co's is cor.
i ect, Mrs. Blairs should bo reduced.
The Laborer will go on publishing
the assessment, only asking in re-,
turn that our friends will pass the
information trained therefrom to their
neighbor. Feeling as we do, that it
is our duty to wain the poor men
about his chances of getting justice,
next week we will take another ward.
Is it any wonder that the city
council pasred the poll tax and - the
dog tax by-law? Coupled with the
above and the late white-washing of
themselves the end is evidently ap
proaching. Bead this paptr, sub'
scribe for it and hand it to your
PRICES FOR YOUR
'Chicago. 3IentAn The Alliance.
Two lovers once a m&iden.wooe
One was prosaic, one Byronic;
Oao in a bnsineaa manner sued.
The othar'a suit was hietrioiua
Orlando to her sonnets made.
And tore Ida passion into tattersf
Silas discnased the state of trade.
Consulting her in money matters.
When e'er in maiden won't, she frownd
Their too great ardor to repress meant,
Orlando wished that he were drowned.
And Suae named some new investment
O. swore he would a pistol take,
And give bin nee thing pamioa a rent-hole,
While 8. invited her to make ,' .
. Inspection of bis yearly rent-roll
Long time the baluner hung between
One lover's purse, the other's passion;
At last the poems "kicked the beam,"
As Silas coolly poured the cash on.
Her indecision don't deride,
Orlando's vein qnite fine she thought, or
. She really feared nis suicide,
And Silas' ready money bought her.
BY MATTIE DYER BRITT3.
Oh, come now. Nancy! if I was you I
wouldn't take on ! May bo itll all turn
out right," said the sociable neighbor,
who had dropped in to take a dish of
tea, as Mother Haw tins wiped her eyes
with her apron.
"Wal, mebbe 'twill 1" sighed the good
lady. "But it don't seem so now. Sit
up, Mis' Jones; the cream biscuit'll
spile with waitin'. Poor Will ! he was
so fond o' them biscuits! I'll bet she
can't make 'em ! 'Taint his marry in' I
mind so much," she went on, as she
poured the fragrant tea into the thin,
old, china cups. "If he'd a-married a
decent country gal, an.' let her come
here to live long o nie, I wouldn't
a-cared. But no ! he must go taggin
after one o' them fin ified city gals!
Nothin else 'ud do him! Mis' Jones,
do have another lump o' sugar in your
tea?" . ;
"No, Mis, Hawkinf, the tea is jest
"Wal, take a slice more o' this brilcd
ham, then 1 It's oar own home-cured
"Thankye, I don't care ef I do tako a
bite more. I don't eat much in general;
but your vittles is so good, they kind a'
give one an appetite. " '
"Wal, ye 3," said Mother Hawkins.
with another sigh. "Will always lowed
I was a fair cook. And he was that
fond o' good eatin'J And I 'low he'll
git none o' it now."
"Mebbe ho will, Mis' Hawkins. I've
knowed some o' them city folks what
was fust-raie cooks, an' liked the
"Oh, yes! they all like to come out
fur a week or .so while the berries is
ripe. But you fetch 'era out an set 'em
to cookin fur harvest hands when it's
right hot, an' you'd see !"
"Will's wife may not be one o' that
"Bet she is I He found her boardin'
in one of them big hotels, Z.iere they
go to bed at midnight, and eat break
fast next day after decent folks has
cleared up dinner. I know 'em. An',
ain't going to have nn'v thing to do
with Vai, that's flat! And I told Will
so, when he writ for me to come and
tee 'em married."
"La. Mis' Hawkins! didn't you go?"
"No, I didn't. Here, have another
spoonful o' this honey, Mis Jones do 1
It's made o' white clover, and as clear
as can be. There ! No, I didn't go,
and I writ to Will he needn't fetch her
"Now Mis' Hawkins! vou didn,t
"Yes,' I did, said the old lady dog
gedly. "I know the hull lot o' them
city gats a-switchin' an' c-dragglin'
their long-tailed gowns, an, a-ban gin'
their hair when they ought to have
their heads banged, an' -bum pin'
themselves up with bustles, to look like a
camel, an' the Lord knows what all
fur I don't. But I cet my face agin 'em!
Will is a-makin' money there, and there
he'll stay till she spends it all. Then
he'll want to come back to his old
mammy. But he can't doit. He left
his mother an' took up with her, an' now
he may jest stick to her, an' make the
best o'his bad bargain ! 'Tain't any use
to talk to me!"
Mrs. Jones knew the stubborn old
lady well enough to believe that. So
she said no more. But after she got
home she said to her own family :
"If I, hod as likely a son as Will
Hawkins, I wouldn't go back on him fur
no gal that ever drawed breath ; and
IH bet a pretty penny Nancy Hawkins
lives to wish she hadn't 1"
Meantime, in hit cosy home m the
city, Will had been gloomily reading his
old mother ,8 last curt letter.
"Don't let it worry you, Will," said
his bride, soothingly.
"I can't help it, Lily," was his reply.
"She has always been such a good moth
er to me that it hurts me to have her.
be so wrong and obstinate."
"Go out and see her, and talk it over,"
"Never!" answered Will, firmly.
"Unless business takes me, I shall never
enter my old home, unless you go, too.
If my mother cannot receive .my wife,
she cannot receive me. It is no us 9
talking to me about it."
There was a touch of the old lady's
stubborn soirit in the son. von see!
Mother Hawkins was a stout, fleshy
old lady ; but she did all her own work,
except for a few weeks in summer,
when haying and harvesting came on.
This season, right in the midst of
haying, Mary Jane, the hired girl, fell
out of the haymow, where she was
hunting for eggs, and broke her arm.
Of course, she had to go home. Not
enother girl could, be got for love or
money, and so Mother Hawkins had to
do all herself .
The two hired men eould get the
wood, and do the milking and churning.
But Mrs. Hawkins bad to sweat over
the store, and the weather growing
hotter every day.
And ene morning Mother Hawkins
couldn't get up. The hired men got
the best breakfast they could, and then
Mrs. Hawkins sent one of them after
the doctor, bidding him stop on the
way home and see if Lucy Jones
wouldn't come and stay until she could
find a girl.
Now it so happened that important
business brought Will Hawkins out to
Downport that very morning. He did
not intend to visit his mother; but he
saw John coming out of the doctors
office, and he stopped him and learned
how sick his mother was.
Then he felt in duty bound to call on
her. He went, and tho old lady was
greatly surprised, and, ai he could see.
somewhat pleased to see him.
But not once did she ask for or even
allude to his wife.
"Mother, you orght to have a girl,"
said Will. '
"Well, goodness, so I oughtl" groaned
the old lady. "I told John to get Lucy
Jones a few days, if he could. But she,
ain't no manner o 'count, if she comes.
And where to get anybody the mercy
knows 1 don't ! I've tried everywhere."
"I think perhaps I could send you
out one" said Will. "Good girls can
Bometimes be found in town."
"Well, for pity's sake, do it, then !
mpay her well if she's werth her salt."
"I'll try it," said William. "I may not
succeed, but if I . can find one,. I'll send
her out on the noon train. If you don't
like her, you needn't keep her, you
"Oh, 111 be glad to get anybody !"
groaned the sick old lady, tossing rest
John came back just then, saying
Lucy Jones was away on a visit, "and
could not be hired; 60 Will, who must
leave at once ro catch the up-train,
promised again to do hla best to find a
"I reckon I'd orter asked after her,"
said the sick woman to herself, after he
was gone, and she had not even asked
him to come back. "But I couldn't get
the consent of my own mind to do it, no
how." John scraped up what he could for
dinner, and about one o'clock he came
up-stairs, and said: "There is a lady
down-stairs to see you, mum."
"A ladv ? Good gracious ! and me in
this fix ! Who is it, John ?"
"I-hain't an idea who, mum."
"Well, fetch her up, since it's got to
be ; there's no help for it. But I hope
'tain't no company come to stay, for I
can't keep her if 'tis."
John departed, presently returning
with a tall, handsome lady, in a stylish
"Good -morning," said Mother Haw
kins, seeing she did not know the lady.
. "Good morning," "said the lady pleas
antly, advancing toward the bed. "I
suppose vou are Mrs. Hawkins ?"
"Yes, t be." And the sick woman
wondered what was coming next.
"I hear you are in need of a girl,"
said the stcanger.
"Lord kno vs I am 1" groaned Mother
"Well, your son, Mr. Hawkins, . sent
me out from the city to see if I would
"You!" Mother Hawkins sat up in
bed, in her surprise at this elegant
woman asking for the place of a servant J
"Look at your hands," she said.
"They are not very black, I know.
But they are used to doinpr housework,
madam, I assure you. Will you try
"Yon came from the' city," said
Mother Hawkins, without, answering the
question. "Do you live there?"
"Yes, madam !" '
"Then what do you know about farm
work?" "Everything," answered the stranger,
confidently. "I was brought up on a
farm, and have only lived in l.ho city
"But them fine clothes!" sighed
"I have plain calico ones in my satch
el," said this odd girl.
."What wages do you want?"
"Whatever you usually pay."
"I generally give two dollars and a
"Very well, that will suit me."
"What would you do first, if you
"The first thing, I would make you a
cup of tea and a bit of toast. Then I
would change my dress, go down-stairs,
aud get to work." . .
"For pity's sake, do it, then 1" said
Mother Hawkins, as, with a sigh of in
tense relief, she dropped back upon her
The stranger left the room. And in
a short time she was back with the tea
and toast temptingly arranged on a
waiter, and as nice as hands could make
After they were disposed of, she
brought fresh water and towels, bathed
Mother Hawkin's hot face and hands,
and brushed her hair back neatly under
"There, that's better, .isn't it?" she
"Yes. indeed." sished the sick woman.
"V hat's y our name, child?"
"Well, Mary, if you do as well for the
rest us you have for roe, I shall think it
was the Lord's massy that sent you
"I shall try to be uaeful, but it will
take me a few days to learn about things
in the house."
"Mebbe I'll be down by that time!"
sighed Mother Hawkins, as she settled
herself for a nap.
But she was not down in a day or
two. It was four weeks before she
could be helped down to the sitting
room. But everything had gone on as
orderly under Mary's hands, as if
Mother Hawkins had been mistress her
self. And no sister or mother ever had
more untiring care than she gave to the
sick woman, who felt that she had in
deed found a treasure, and could not
bear to think of the time when Mary
must go away.
William had written twice to ask how
his mother was, but he had not been
The day that Mother Hawkins went
to the table for the first time since her
sickness, a note came, savin e that he
was coming to see Her by 4he evening
Not a word about his wife did he
write. And Mother Hawkins, as she
looked at Mary moving about with
trach a bright face, though that if Will
had married a girl like that, they conld
have been so happy 1
But her sickness had softened her
hard old heart toward her only eon.
And she wanted to see him very much
She heard the whistle of the train
which brought him down. It was only
a half-mile from the station to the farm
house, and she waited, listening to every
sound, until see heard his step upon
I "That's him! that's my boy, Mary,
come to see his old mother !" she said,
eagerly, "Open the doer and let him
! Mary opened the door and what ?
Mother Hawkins couldn't believe her
eyes! Was Will, a married man, kiss
ing and hugging her hired girl, with all
'his might, right before her face? The
scandalized old lady sprang right up
in her chair, crvingout :
"Why, Willi William! stop that!
Ton, a married man! For shame!
That's my Mary!"
"Yes, mother," answered William,
brightly, "and she is my Mary, too."
And he took the new rir!
with his arm around her waist. ."Moth
er, this 23 in wife!" .
""Your wife !" And the old lady sank
back in her chair, overcome with sur
prise. 'But your wife's name is Lily.""
Yesj to is this lady's. Lily Mary
Sherman Hawkins. I sent her to take
care of you. so you would learn to love
her. You have learned, haven't yon,
"Well, that stubborn old lady, who
had vowed she never would have any
thing to do with her daughter-in-law,
just put her arms up around Lily's
neck, and cried like a baby !
And now, when Mrs. Jones goes
over to take tea, Mother Hawkins caa
talk of nothing half so much as the per
fections of her daughter-in-law.
Bowie and His Knife,
Henry Clay once -told me," said
Mr. Davis, with a smile, "of his first
meeting with Bowie. It was in the
early days, and Gay was traveling
in a stage coach, where the only other
passengers were a pretty girl, a big,
rough looking countryman, and a
limp littlo figure in a greatcoat. With
the consciousness of his own perfect
physique, Clay said he was congratu
lating himself on not being the limp
figure bundled up in the corner, w lien
he became conscious that the pretty
girl was begging the rough country
man not to smoke, as it made her ill.
The fellow replied with a savage
oath, that he had paid his fare and
would smoke when he pleased. Mr.
Clay said he was just trying to screw
his courage up to the point of rei
raonstating with the country giant
when the limp little figure undo ubled
itself like magic, and, with a quick
movement, reached down its collar.. -brough
out a knife that in the ex
citement of the moment looked a
yard long, and with unother cat-like-movement
seized the fellow by the
throat. 'Throw that pipe out of the
window, or by, I'll' A compre-
hensive sweep of the murderous-looking
blade finished the sentence and
sent the pipe shattering on the
ground. In another minute the knife
had again disappeared down the ca-
Eacious collar, and the limp figure
ad resumed its former verterbraless
condition, 'but the rest of the jour
ney,' said Mr. Clay, 'I spent wishing
1 was the little man in the great coat,
who was none other than Bowie,
with his famous knife.' "St. Louis
It Is a "Zymotic"
"The disease called rabies in the
lower animals, and which is known
as hydrophobia when communicated
to a man, is a zymotic," said Dr.
Lansing. "It differs from others of
its own class chiefly by the long
period during which the virus remains
latent. To the characteristic it owes
most of its terrors, for, nlthouslulog
bites are common, hydrophobia, at
least in this country, is exceedingly
rare. Furthermore, a person who
has been bitten by a dog scarcely
knows when he may venture to con
sider himself safe. Thee anine malady
differs much in severity in different
cases, and there is reason to believe
that many di'gs recover from its
milder forms. Of persons who have
been bitten by unquestionably rabid
dogs, many have escaped hydro
phia, but there are authentic iri
stances in which the disease has re
mained dormant lormanyyears.and
there is no authentic instance of the
recovery of a human subject in whom
it has once appeared.
"The result is that every one who
has been bitten by a dog has hang
ing over him the possibility of a hor
rible death. Upon receiving a Bite,
the wound should be immediately
laid wide open and all the surplus
blood extracted and the flesh thor
oughly cauterized. By so doing the
life of the victim can be saved al
most to a certainty."
In the reception-room at the state
department hang pictures in tfrayon
of the different secretaries of state
from the beginning ot the govern
ment to the present day. Look'ng
at them tho other day 1 was struck
with a curious feature. Of the entire
list Mr. Blaine is the only man who
wears a mustache or Ix-ard. Mr.
Calhoun and Mr. Frelinghuy sen wore,
a deep fringe of hair about their
throats, by t nothing on their chins
or upper lips. " Hamilton Fish and
Martin Van Buren wore side whiskers,
but no beards. It was only a few
years ago that the beard began to
be regarded as at all tolerable. Our
forefathers wore clean faces, and
many of them regarded a hairv
cheek as an evidence ofsavagly. The
first president to wear a beard wns
Abraham Lincoln. No president be-
fore his time wore either beard - or
mustache, and most ot them were
smooth of face. After Lincoln,
Grant at times wore full beards and
the present chief executive has hair
all over his face. Mr. Harrison's
grandfather shaved his face clean
every morning. Washington Letter
to Pittsburg Dispatch.
The Moon's Influence on Sleep,
New York fcun.
"The most singular case of insom
nia of which I ever heard," said n.
physician, "is that of a friend of
mine in a neighboring town, a lady
of middle age. With the exception
of her peculiar insomnia, she is in
robust health. She is an uncom
monly sound sleeper in the. dark ol.
the moon, but as the new moon ap
proaches its first quarter she is at- '
tacked with wakefulness. She can
slefep only at long intervals during
the night, and only a few minutes at.
a time. The sleeplessness increases
with the railing of the moon, and br
the time that stage in the moon's
course is reached, she is unable to ob
tain even the slightest slumber. She
remains in a state of utter wakeful
ness until the moon begins to wane,
when she gradually grows sleepy
again, and is able to sleep longer
and sounder as themoon disappears.
When the period of dark moon has
arrived, she resumes her unbroken
slumber. This condition has pre
vailed for more than ten years."
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