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About The alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1889 | View Entire Issue (July 10, 1889)
THIS ALLIANCE PIB. CO.
Selected From Onr Best Authors.
lioTtj Iiabor Sentiment. -
Bight forever on the scaffold, wrong for
ever on the throne;
Bat the see ff old sways the future, and
behind the dim unknown
Standeth Ood within the shadow, keeping
watch above His own."
Labor men, beware, "he needs a
long spoon who - sips with, the devil."
The labor cause is rich enough to
afford to do without the greatest intel
lects God ever let the devil buy.
Natural philosophers tell us that if
you will only multiply the simplest
force into enough time, it will equal
the greatest. .
Stranded along the past, there are a
great many dried mummies of dead in
: tellects, which the American labor
cause found too heavy to drag forward.-
The republic which sinks to t leep,
trusting to constitutions and machinery,
to politicians and statesmen, for the
safety of its liberties, never will have
Eternal vigilence is the price, of lib
erty; power is ever stealing from the
many to the few. The manna of popu
lar liberty must be gathered each day
or it is rotten.
All clouds, it is said, have sunshine
behind them, and all evils have some
good result. Never look, therefore,
for any age when the people can be
quiet and free. ,
Thanks to the printing press, the
people now do their own thinking, and
statesmen as they are styled men in
office have ceased to be either the
leaders or the clogs of society.
The greatest praise government can
win is, that its citizens know their
rights, and dare to maintain them.
The best use of good laws is to teach
men to trample bad laws under their
In working great changes, in such
an age as ours, the so-called statesman
has far less influence than the many
little men, who, at various points, are
eilentlyjDoaiuring a regeneration of
publio opinion. " ' - -
This is a reading and thinking age,
and great interests at stake quicken
the general intellect. Stagnant times
have been when a great mind, anchor
ed in error, might snag the slow-going
current of society. Such is not our
era. Nothing but freedom, justice and
faith is of permanent advantage to the
mass of mankind.
"In distrust," said Demosthenes, "are
the nerves of the mind." Let us see
to it that these sentinal nerves are ever
on the alert. If the Alps, piled in cold
and lill sublimity, be the emblem of
despotism, the ever-restless ocean is
ours, which, girt within the eternal
laws, of gravitation, is pure only be
cause never still.
We always allow our opponents to
paint thtir own picture. Our humble
duty i to stand by assure the specta
tors that what they would take for a
inave or a hypocrite on the labor ques
. . ,i American labor estl-
tion is reany, f-"r. . .
Nation, a doctor lof divinity, secretary
of state (or a corporation-bought mem
ber of our-legislature.)
'Let us, then, who, unlike "the pur
chased press," are not afraid to. tell,
even now, all and what we wish, -let
tis look at the real nature of the crisis
in which we stand. The "press," and
the party poltician say we should
'forget the labor struggle. But it
seems to us that all our past, all our
present, and all our future command
lis at this moment to think of nothing
but tne American labor question.
The nation which, in moments when
great social questions disturb its peace,
consults first for its own safety is
atheist and coward, and thare are three
chances out of four that it will end by
being a knave. We were not sent into
the world to plant cities, to - make
Unions or save them. Seeing that all
men are born equal, our first civil duty
is to see that our laws treat them so.
The law has been always wrong.
Governments began in tyranny and
force, began in the feudalism of the
soldier and bigotry of the preacher;
and the ideas of justice and humanity
have been fighting their way, like
thunderstorm, against the organized
selfishness of human nature. And this
labor problem is the last great protest
against the wrong of ages. It is no
argument to our mind, therefore, that
the old social fabric of the past is
against us. ,. -
Republics exist only on the tenure
of being constantly agitated." The
labor agitation is an important, nay,
an essential part of the machinery of
state. It is not a disease nor a medi
cine. No; it is the normal state, the
normal state of the nation. Never, to
our latest posterity, can we afford to do
without prophets, like Powderly, Trav
elick and other noble minds, to stir up
the monotony of wealth, and reawaken
the people to the great ideas that are
constantly fading out of their minds
to trouble the waters, that .there may
be health in their flow.
Some of our friends ask today taunt
inglv, "what good has the labor agita
tion" done?" "What changes has it
wrought?" As well stand over the
cradle and ask of what use is a baby ?
He will be a man sometime the or
ganized labor strugglo is scarcely twen
ty years old. But, it has waited long
enough; it has apologized for lying
office holders enough; it has quieted
its consciences enough; it has spilt
logic with its would-be party friends
only to be betrayed-long enough; it is
tired of trying to find a place between
the forty-ninth and forty-eighth corner
of a constitutional hair; and now that
it has got its hand on the nesk of a re
Twtllinna aristocracy, in the name of the
tVi av m pan to stranele it. It
we believe, is the body of the people
Nanoleon said: "I fear three news-
navd mvra fTifl.n one hundred thous
and bayonets." The anti-labor element
"There is not
XO JX MID D... s y
a monarch on earth," he says, whose
throne is not liable to be shaken by the
progress of opinion and the sentiment
of the just and intelligent part
normlo " "Rnt there are those
(of us American labor advocates) who
sion, and sigh for something tangible;
some power that we can ' feel and see
its operation. The advancing tide you
cannot mark. The gem forms unseen.
The granite increases and crumbles, and
you can hardly mark either process.
The great change in a nation's opinion
is the same. We stand here today, and
if we look back fifteen years" we can
see a change in public opinion ; yes, we
can see a great change. Then onr
great statesmen had almost pledged
themselves not to talk on the labor
question. They have been made to
talk. These hounds have been whipped
into humanity's car, not by three news
papers, which Napoleon dreaded, but
by t wo (as far as Lincoln is concerned)
the Call and the labor , journal. The
great parties of the country have been
broken to pieces and are crumbling.
The great sects are losing their influ
ence. Suppose you cannot put your
finger upon an individual fact ; still, in
the great result of last falls campaign
throughout this great land we see law
after law placed (in the interest of la
bor) on tLe statute books of our differ
ent states. "Depend upon it, that
between these two rival powers the au
tocrat power, maintained by arms and
force, and the populaT power,! main
tained by opinion, the former is con
stantly decreasing; and, thank God!
the latter is constantly increasing.
Beal' human liberty is gaining the
ascendent ; and the part which we, (the
labor party,) have to act in all this
great drama is to show ourselves in
favor of those rights; to uphold our
ascendency, and to carry it on, until we
shall see it culminate in the highest
heaven over onr heads."
We hail the mighty power of the
tongue. We swear allegiance to the
omnipotence of the press. The people
never err. " Vox populi, vox Dei,"
the voice of the people is the voice of
God. We do. not mean this of any
single verdict which the people of to
day may record. In time, the selfish
ness of. one class neutralizes the selfish
ness of another. The interests of one
age clash against the interests of an
other : but in the great result the race
always means right. The people
always mean right, and in the end they
will have the right. We believe in our
sixty millions-not the sixty millions that
live now, nessarily-to arrange this ques
lion of labor, which preaches and poli
ticians have sonsrht to keep out of sight.
They have kept it locked up in the sen
ate chamber they have hidden it behind
the communion table, they have ap
pealed to the superstitious and idola
trous veneration for the republican or
democrat party to avoid this question,
and so hava kept it from the influence
of the great democratic tendencies of
the masses. But change all this, drag
it from its concealment, and give it to
the people, launch it on the age, and
all is safe. It will find a safe harbor.
A man is always selfish enough for
himfelf ; the merchant will be selfish
enough for himself; yes, he will be
willing to go to hell to secure his own
fortnne. but he will not be ready to go
there to make the fortune of his neigh
bor. Rarely is any man willing to sac
rifirtft his own character for the benefit
of his neighbor, and whenever we ahall
be able to show this nation mat tne
interests of a class, not of the whole
people, yes, the interests of a portion
of the country, not of the masses, are
subserved by holding our fellow-men
at starvption wages and long hours,
then we shall spike the guns of the
enemy, or get their artillery on our
A labor congress will be held in Mon
treal, the first week in September.
A Jersev City tobacco factory runs
a night school for its 5,000 employes.
Missouri has to date 1,841 subordi
nate wheels, with a membership of
The emoloves of the Meadow Brook
button factory at Scranton, Pa., have
been reduced" ten per cent, in their
The riveters in several of the ship
building yards along the Clyde in
Scotland have received an advance
of 10 per cent in wages.
Sari Francisco tailors have won a
strike against non-union men, and
compelled the boss to file a bond of $250
to stick to the agreement.
The South Australian government
has made arrangements by which an
engine driver who has run his train for
two years without accident, shall be
presented with $50.
Building is going on extensively in
the city of Jerusalem, Palestine. House 3
more or less ornamented in exterior
are being run up in blocks and the area
of the city is extending in every direc
tion. In England the railway signalmen
are a verv poorlv paid class of people,
receiving only $1 per day and working
twelve hours per day, except at Leeds
and other large centers, where eight
hours is the rule. .
The cotton industry is beginning to
flourish in Greece and there are several
mills among her classic isles in which
both spinning and weaving are carried
on. It is Greek cotton that is gener
ally used in these mills.
In 3,2G7 factories in Berlin, Ger
many, there are 4,970 apprentices, be
ing sixty-six apprentices to every 1,000
workingmen. Some attempts were
made to increase the proportion of ap
prentices lately, but they were bitterly
At Glen arm, on the coast of County
Antrim, there are whiting mills which
give employment to nearly half the
population. Whiting is the slacked
lime ground down and cleansed. The
wages of the men average from $3.50 to
$4 per week.
The farmers of Eldorado, la., held
a mass meeting and passed very strong
anti-monopoly resolutions, demanding
that the candidates for the legislature
should stand by the farmers and labor
ing men ; that - they should take no
backward steps on prohibition or rail
road eontrol ; demanding uniform school
books; legal interest at 8 per cent.,
and several other reforms.
The Patrons of Industry have had a
grand picnie at Otisville. Over 6,000
were in attendance, and there wee
nearly 550 teams in line when the pic
nickers entered Hunter's grove. The
speakers of the day advocated organiza
tion, education, co-operation, and the
intelligent use of the ballot as the only
way out of the present industrial de
pression and servitude.
And Lancaster County Farmers Bead
This Article Carefully, Then
Hand It To Your
ON WHAT PROPERTY THEY PAY
H :... t TAXES.
Some Startling Discoveries Made in
Connection With Homes or
....... Citizens. , , .?
Sunday Morning Glebe. - x
All over this beautiful city are scat
tered palatial residences.
To a man or woman who treads the
humbler walks of life it is a pleasure
to look at these handsome palaces and
dream of the comfort and luxury that
is surrounded within those walls.
The assessor you - know what an
assessor is dispels all such ideas. Go
to the county clerk's office and look
through the sworn statemenis made by
these wealthy men lor the purpose
of taxation, and you will find, that
there is a shocking absence of all
these luxuries that should surround
Go to the cosy cottage of some hon
est laboring man and you will find
there many articles of comfort and lux
ury not found, apparently, in the homes
of the rich, if the statements are to be
believed. It is remarkable what a
shabby lot of furniture fills these latter
houses. The diamonds you saw ma
dame wearing at the opera or the ball
are all paste; they are not real.
0ust let us look into this matter and
see what a few of our rich men do
have inside their houses.
Everybody has admired the elegant
home of J. J. Imhoff, one of our most
progressive citizens. Well, he drives
a mighty good team. At least one
would think so to look at it. But
Mr. Imhoff, about the first of April
when the assessor made his rounds, said
that these two fine looking animals
were only worth $17.50 each. No w that
is cheap. Anybody, it seemo to us,
would take a pair at that price. Then
he carries a $10 watch. Would von
think that of Mr. Imhoff? Then, his
piano is only worth $30; his sewing
machine is worth $o, and those three
buggies and carriages which he drives
are only worth in the aggregate $55.
He only has $600 worth of furniture in
that big house.
J. H. McMurtry, Mr. Imhof f s neigh
bor, has three $20 horses, a $50 piano, a
$20 "cattle," three carriages worth $50
and $200 wrth of furniture. Mac
don't have a cent in the bank, he hasn't
any diamonds, not a bit of silverware
in the house, and in fact it is pitiful
how very little he has. To be around
him you would think he was living
pretty well, but it is a mistake, as can
be seen by this list. He doesn't even
have a watch.
J. D. McFarland only has $250 worth
of furniture in that place of his just
built and furnished last season. It
seems almost impossible, but the fig
ures on the assessor's list won't lie.
He has a watch and a clock, however,
which are worth $30, a $10 "cattle, a
$30 horse." and a carriage and buggy
Frank Sheldon, who lives in one of
the most magnificent houses in the
city, only has $200 vorth of furniture.
Mr. Sheldon owns two $10 carriages,
however, a watch and a clock which
are worth $20, a $25 piano, and a $5
sewing machine. But then he has
$10 worth of plate and $50 worth of
diamonds. Think o' that.
Every day last winter during the
legislature, Senator I. M. Baymond's
team of handsome bays and his old
baronial coach was driven to the state
house conveying the senator and guber
natorial aspirant to the legislative
halls. What do you think these horses
are worth Well, he has five animals
worth in the aggregate $100. His cat
tle is worth only $5, and his coaches
$55. What does he want with a watch ?
Time flies anyway.
A. S. Raymond, a brother of the sen
ator, has three $10 horses. Cheap,
ain't they? Also two $12.50 carriages.
It is appaling to think hat he doesn't
have, however. .
Ex-Mayor Burr you would think
would own a couple of diamonds and
one or two silver spoons. But that's
just where you hit wide of the mark.
He has a $40 billiard table, however.
He has three clocks and a watch, the
whole lot being worth $10. That big
house of his has only $500 worth of
furniture. Wonder if he puts it all in
one room? His carriages are only
worth" $20 apiece.
Then there is another ex-mayor, A.
J. Sawyer. Those who have admired
that brilliant flash from his manly
bosom, will be thunderstruck to learn
that it is all a myth. He has no dia
monds. Silverware to the extent of $5
worth, graces his table, and he has a
$15 organ and a $25 piano. His furni
ture cost him a mere bagatelle, only
It would seem that Lionel C. Burr
has bought everything by the $5 worth.
Hir cattle are worth $5; his two
watches are worth $5 ; he has a $5 sew
ing machine, and has $5 worth of
Frank M. Hall's house is occupied
by a library, his value on it being $200.
The furniture in his house is only
worth $50. At least that is what he
While there are many things that G.
M. Lambertson does not have, he has
agricultural tools, implements and ma
chinery to -the amount of $25. He
mast be the only farmer in the city.
Of course he has no money in the bank,
or anything of that . kind. It is re
markable how few of our leading men
have spare cash.
Harry Tibbitts, when he -is home,
drives a $10 horse, and a $10 carriage.
He carries a $3 watch, and has in his
house $55 worth of furniture. And he
also has a $2 sewing machine.
L. C. Pace must have the worst
piano in the whole lot, as it is only
Those two fine bays of N. C. Brock's
are worth only $25 apiece.
C. E.Montgomery's handsome blacks
are only worth $20 each. Then he has
$40 worth of "other property."
We always understood from horse
men that C. T. Boggs had some
"world beaters" which he would put on
the track soon, but this is a mistake.
His five animals are worth only $25
Chas. Hammond, "tho rich Ham
mond," is about the only man who has
any money or bonds. From the list it
seems that he has $225 outside of the
banks and $237 in other credits.
Ex- Councilman Hoovey is not at all
extravagant as you will see. He has a
$15 horse; a $5 buggy; a$l watch; a $1
sewing machine; a $10 piano; $10 worth
of plate and $20 worth of furniture.
All that F. B. Potvin has. in this
world besides his brick blocks (which
by the way are a great concen to him),
is a $50 piano and $150 worth, of furni-.
This list could be continued through
columns, illustrating the frugal man
ner in which our rich surround them
selves with what is esteemed by many
as essential to happiness. To young
people who have been contemplating
matrimony this list will doubtless be
encouraging. You have no doubt put
off the happy day thinking that the
purchase of household furniture would
be more than your income and financial
condition would" allow. It should be
plain to you now that it requires but
little to run a household in this line.
Profit by the example of these worthy
men and go and do likewise. When
bankers, capitalists and statesmen sur
round themselves with so little,", it is
not expected that people in humbler
circumstances should expend more. If
you want a genuine surprise, spend a
half day among the records of the as
sessor's list, and you will get it. The
Laborob from time to time will refresh
The. alien law g$es into effect in Hl
inois July 1st, and the authorities of
Chicago are preparing to enforce it.
After that date the city cannot employ
an alien on any contract or in any
capacity. Contracts already made
will not be affected, but hereafter no
alien will be employed until he has
taken out his first papers and if he
fails to take out his secend within three
months of the specified time he will be
discharged. " Look out for a new influx
of foreign tourists." -
This is the second week of the car
penters' strike for nine hours at Lowell
Mass. About 250 carpenters are out
and seem confident of victory, Tho
contractors are trying to keep the work
moving. They have set their team
sters, laborers and tar-roofers in the
place of the carpenters. Forty-five
brickmasons and tenders struck Tues
day they would not work with non
union carpenters. At a meeting of car
penters Monday night forty new mem
bers were initiated.
There have been fewer strikes thus
far this year than there were during the
same period of the previous two years.
We quote from Bradstreets' as follows :
since January 1 there have been re
ported 296 strikes, "involving 75,110
strikers, against 398 strikes and 111,
201 strikers in 1888, and 511 strikes
and 212,317 strikers in five months of
The Grand. Arm) Encampment at
It is estimated that fully 120,000
people will pass through Chicago cn
route to Milwaukee to attend the
Grand Army encampment. As there
are but two railway lines between the
two cities and this immense number
of people will have to be transported
in two or three days, it is apparent
that the resources will be taxed to the
Parties desiring to attend from points
in Nebraska will, by taking the Chi
cago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railway
from Council Bluffs (which ii the only
direct line to Milwaukee, from Council
Bluffs), avoid the great crowd and rush
at Chicago, and be sure of the best
of accommodations in the way of free
chair cars, sleeping and dining cars
through to destination, and will have
the privilege of returning via steam
boat from Milwaukee to Chicago if they
Half fare has been made for the round
trip. Children between five and twelve
years of age half of the excursion rate.
For mrther information apply to
F. A. Nash, General Agent,
1501 Farnam street,
Omah , Neb.
Jno. E. McCixre,
Western Passenger Ggent, -1501
, Omaha, Neb.
The Arlington hotel at Holdrege is
for ale or trade. Address T. M. Hop
w od, Holdrege, Neb.
The Lucky Number.
SteubenvUle (O.) Herald, June 6.
Mention was recently made of Thomas
Williams' great lnck in holding a ticket
which drew the $25,000 prize at the May
drawing of the Louis ana State Lottery. A
representative of this paper thle morning
found Mr. Williams at his work in the
Jefferson-Iron works. He -was at first
rather adverse to saying anything about
his good fortune, but hnally said: "I had
alway understood that the Louisiana State
Lottery was straight about awarding1 the
Frizes drawn, and two or three months ago
sent for a one tenth ticket. I was vn.
success! ul in capturing anything, but kept
on until before the May drawing, when I
sent 2 and received a one-tenth ticket,
numbered 87,826. The drawing took place
on May 14, and on the 17th I learned that
ticket 87.856 had drawn the t25,0G0 prize. It
was pretty good news, and the next morn
ing I placed the ticket in the hands of the
Adams Express company for collection. May
24, or only ten days after the drawing, I
received a draft for $2,500."
Mr. Williams has betn in receipt of many
congratulations upon his good luck, and
many who had not tried their chances
were surprised that the ticket was cashed
so promptly without any deduction. That,
however, is the way which the Louisiana
State Lottery company invariably pursues
upon presentation of successful tickets.
CATTLE Butchers' steers.. $3 50 3 50
Cows. 2 00 2 75
HOGS Fat..... ........ 3 25 3 7J
Stockers 2 (0 (52 25
SHEEP .. 1 50 2 CO
WHEAT No. 2 spring 65 fa 80
OATS No. 2 16 20
RYE No. 3 30 35
CORN No. 2 new 19 21
FLAXSEED . 1 35 1 40
POTATOES 25 ' 33
APPLES Genetin, per bbl... 8 00 3 50
HAY Prairie, bulk 450 5 CO
CATTLE Prime steers...... S3 7i) (53 8
Cows 1 75 &2 25
HOGS Fair to heavy 4 10 $4 15
Mixed 4 CO 4 10
Kansas City, Mo.
CATTLE Corn fed......... .12 90 3 85
Feeders 2 CO 3 10
HOGS Good to choice...... . 4 05 4 30
Mixed 4100 4 10
CATTLE Prime steers...... 3 35 4 25
Stockers and feeders ..... 2 25 r3j3 30
HOGS Pac it I ng 4 25 4 50
SHEEP Natives 3 50 ($5 10
WHEAT 8 83
For poison oak, bathe in cream
and gun powder twice aday till cured.
"Wash gilding with water in which
onion has been boiled, and dry with
a soft cloth. ; i
To remove white spots from fur
niture, rub them with a cloth wet In
weak spirits of camphor, and aftor
wards with a very little linseed oil.
For polishing windows and mirrors
use a teaspoonful ofammoniaineach
pailful of water, or enough to make
it feel soft; dry with a clean cloth or
The repeated application of oil of
cinnamon will cause those ugly
?xecresences warts to disappear.
Rubbing them with salt is also re
Strong Muriatic acid applied with
cloth , and the spot washed
thoroughly with water; is recommend
ed to remove ink stains from
A very convenient way to poison
rats and mice is to mix arsenic with
melted tallow and cool it into a cake.
Have the tallow merely melted, not
hot, when the arsenic is put in.
A good imitation of frosted glass
may be produced by applying to the
glass saturated solution of alum in
water. It ray be colored by the ad
dition of analine dyes.
Don't polish the parlor and give
little attention to sleeping apart
ments. Disease germs lurk in appar
ently clean corners, for they are not
of elephantine proportions.
A house wife who tried placing a
sheet-iron cover, old kettle or tin pan,
over flatirons while heating, tells
"The Michigan Farmer" she "was
surprised that it took so little fire to
keep them hot."
A neat and appropriate bag . for
soiled collars and handkerchiefs is
made of a towel with bandsomeends.
The towel is sewed in a bag fashion,
the ends turned back, and a ribbon
draw-string run through the top.
An economically inclined woman
with a taste for the beautiful has
found a use for oM lace curtains and
those which have gone out of fash ion.
She lines them with silk or . satin of
a handsome color, and drapes them
as portiers at single doors.
It is not always easy to start a fruit
jar cover. Instead of wrenching your
hands and bringing on blisters,
simply invert the jar and then place
the top in hob water for a minute.
Then try it and you will find it turns
A bottle or jar unpleasantly odor
ous can, it is said, be cleansed by
filling with buttermilk, leaving a day
or two, or longer, and then washing
well with warm soapsuds. In very
bad cases it may be necessary to re
peat the process several times.
For a burn or a scald make a paste
of common baking soda and water,
apply at once and cover with a linen
cloth. When the skin is broken ap
ply the white of an egg with a feath
er; this gives instant relief, as it
keeps the air from the flesh..
For the tomato omelet prepare a
plain omelet, and just before turning
one-half over the other place in the
center three tablespoonfuls of nicely
seasoned slewed tomatoes; then,
when the omelet is turned out in the
center of the splatter, pour around a
nicely-made tomato sauce.
Paper bags, in which many articles
are sent from the grocers, should be
saved for use when blacking a stove.
You can slip the hand .into one of
these, and handle the brush just as
well, and the hands will not be soiled,
and when through with them they
can be dropped into the stove.
Onions are excellent purifiers, and
for eradicating boils or any of the
blood humors are very efficacious.
They are good for the complexion,
and a friend who has .a won
derfully clear, fine complexion
attributes it to the liberal use ol
onions as a food.
A pillow sham, which may be de
scribed as unique if nothing else, is
made of scraps of lace insertions and
edgings put together after the man
ner of crazy patchwork, and finished
with a lace ruffle. Some one with a
bag full of such bits may like to ex
periment. A beautiful table spread is made of
Bolton sheeting edged with a band of
yellow satin nine inches wide. It is
covered with an all-over design em
broidered with heavy yellow silks.
This spread is inexpensive and very
durable, since by renovating the satin
it can be washed many times. .
The cleanest and most perfectly
polished hard-wood floors have no
water used on them. They are sim
ply rubbed off every morning with a
large flannel cloth which is oc
rnsionally dipped in kerosene. The
floor is rubbed with the grain of the
wood, not across it. This is better
M. Korosi, of the Hungarian
academy of sciences, has collected
about 30,000 data, and has come to
the following conclusion: Mothers
trader twenty years of age and fathers
under twenty-four have children
more weakly than parents of ripe
age. Their children are more subject
to pulmonary diseases. The health
iest children are those whose fathers
are from twenty-five to forty years
of age and whose mothers are from
twenty to thirty years old. M.
Korosi says and most medical men
Indorse this view that the best mar
riages are those in which the husband
Is senior to the wife. .
To purify a room set a pitcher of
prater in the apartment and in a few
hours its will have absorbed nearly
all the respired gases in the room, the
air of which will have become purer,
but the water utterly filthy. The
colder the water the greater the
capacity to contain these gases. At
the ordinary temperature a pail ol
water will absorb a pint of carbonic
acid gas and severnl pints of am
monia. The capacity is nearly
doubled by reducing the water to the
temperature of tee. Hence the water
kept in a room for a while is unfit to
To protect boots and shoes: Take
a pound each of tallow and
resin and put in a pot
on the fire; when melted and mix
ed, apply hot with a painter's brush
until neither the sole nor the upper
will soak any more. t If it is desired
that the boots should immediately
take a polish, dissolve an ounce of
wax in a teaspoonful of turpentine
and lampblack; this should be apple d
a day or two after, but not before
the fire. Thus the exterior will have
a coat of wax alone and shine like a
miror, at the same time affording
antispeptic protection to the tallow
and resin, which will prevent them
from rotting the leather.
An eastern woman who tends her
own garden gives this advice to her
sisters: Have a comfortable sacque
made of some washable stuff, slip off
your dress and put it on, and a
broad brimed hat. As to corsets,
after working in the garden a week
you will discard them forever and
find yourself with better health and
a better figure than you have had
since you were a child. Don't try to
work with a heavy spade. There are
light, strong ones that make the dig
ging quite easy and pleasant. Keep
your tools handy, and always see
they are in place before you go into
the house. A basket for weeds, an
other with a ball of twine, hammer,
trowel, bits of leather to fasten the
vines, tacks, scissors you will need
all of these more or less every day,
and it's a delight to work if you can
lay your hand right on every needed
He Was On Time.
From the Youth's Companion.
Stage drivers, especially in the
newer parts of the country, are com
monly men of abundant nerve and
independent spirit. Such a man was
the famous "Jehu." Hank Monk,
whose route was over the Sierra
Nevada Mountains. Once, and only
once, he is said to have had the hon
or of counting Horace Greeley among
his passengers. The editor was to
lecture that evening at Placerville.
. As the horses climbed slowly up
the eastern side Mr. Greenly feared
he should be late. Twice he urged
the driver forward, but the reticent
Monk paid not the slightest heed.
Finally they reached the summit
and began to descend. Then cracked
the long idle whip, and the horses at
full run tore along beside precipice
where a single stone or misstep would
send coach, driver and passengers to
Tossed about in the bounding ve
hicle, Mr. Greeley assured the driver
that such haste was quite unneces
sary; that half an hour sooner or
later would make no material differ
ence. "Keep your seat, Mr. Greeley," re
plied the imperturbable Monk, with
a fresh crack of his whip; "keep your
seat. I'll get you to Placerville in
Through that overruling Provi
dence which cares for the careless, the
journey was accomplished in safety,
and the story so pleased the Califor
nians that they presented Monk with
a handsome gold watch, bearing the
inscription, "Keep your seat, Mr.
Greeley, I'll get you to Placerville in
One night afterward, when Monk's
coach was late, he drove very hard,
to the terror of a sell-important lo
cal Judge, who vainly urged Monk
aain and again to drive carelully.
At length, with pompous gravity, he
"I will have you discharged before
the week is out! Do you know who
I am, sir?"
"Oh, yes," replied Monk, "I know
perfectly well. But I am going to
take this coach into Carson City on
time if it kills every one-horse Judge
in the State of California!"
He Was Prepared.
A traveling missionary had been
through a very rough country, and
his meek spirit had been sorely tried,
he had found a spirit of irreverence
and disbelief all over the land, and
the ground was very stony. Put he
left in despair when he struck an old
man at a railway station in Texas.
They were both waiting for the train.
They discussed various things and
finally the missionary asked:
"Are you prepared to die?"
"I guess you've - always got to be
prepared in this country. Yes; I'm
prepared to die or get tho drop on
the other fellow."
"I don't mean thax. Are you pre
pared for a hereafter?"
"A hereafterl Look here, stranger,
I was brought up in Arkansaw, an' I
went from there to Missouri, an'
from there I came to Texas, an'
I've lived here ten years. I guess I
can stand any hereafter as may be."
San Francisco Chronicle.
The Ideal Snmmer Carnival.
From the Washington Star.
Halifax thinks it has a new ideal
in a "summer carnival." It has.
It is welcome to keep it. All the
carnival the average human being
cares for in midsummer is a chance
to get out of reach of everything
that reminds him of the temperature,
to wear as few clothes as decency will
permit, to have as mueh ice at hia
disposal as he can use, and to enjoy
abundant leisure to swing a palm
FOR THE FARMER. -
Too much corn meal often causes
:hicken cholera. v!
Cattle should ' be fed when they
want something to eat. If fed reg
jlarly they will come regularly.
Sell only clean eggs. If soiled,
nrash in vinegar and water and be
mre to do this the day they are laid.
An acre of land devoted to jBmall
fruits will often give a larger return
than five .. acres devoted to grain.
Sheep that have plenty of exercise
will grow a longer staple of wool
than they would if kept closely con
fined. , .
It is said that rags saturated with
kerosene . and fastened in a split
stick that has been driven into the
squash, melon and cucumber hills,
will keep bugs off.
The "Worden grape is becoming
quite as popular as the Concord. It
is earlier that the latter, hardy, and
fruitful to a degree which will please
any one who tries it.
A temperature of about 65 degrees,
or a little above, appears to be the
best for churning whole milk sweet,
but the usual temperature employed
is from 60 to 65 degrees.
Butter at 40 cents pays a good
profit to the producer, but there is a
wide range between 16 cents for poor
and 40 cents tor good butter, when
it takes as much cream to make one
as the other.
In marketing your fattened hogs
they will bring better prices when
assorted in lots of uniform sizes. The
brood sows should be bred as near
together as possible that the pigs
may have an even start.
The importance of taking good
sare of the brood mare and her foal
and of feeding the mare well so as to
make her yield an abundance of milk,
zannot be over-estimated, if a flrst
ilass, vigorous colt is to be raised.
The pig man should make it a point
to compel young pigs to take exer
cise on cold and chilly days, as they
will lie and sleep too much, getting
too fat. This compelling exercises
should be attended to till the pigs
are at least five weeks old.
It a farmer buys ahorse and makes
no inquiries as to its soundness or
quietness, and the seller makes no
statements in regard to these quali
ties, and the animal turns out to bo
stone blind, or to' be such an inveter
ate kicker that he is practically une
less, the purchaser must stand the
loss, and cannot fallback on the sell
er for damages. E. P. Kendrick.
Old gardeners recommended a gen
tie pressure with the foot around the
newly planted tree, but more recent
sxperiments have demonstrated that
the soil at such times should be
tramped as firm as possible. This
is really one of the most valuable dis
coveries of modern times, and may
be applied to every department of
plant culture, even to seeds .ivhen
committed to the soil.
The "Rodfcford Register" gives tho
condition of a contented farmer in
that part of Iowa: "He had to feed
squealing hogs three times a day,
milk kicking heifers, tret besriatered
with milk, and bunted sore, teaching
contrary calves to suck, and had one
everlasting round of chores to do,
whick kept him tied right at home
365 days in the year."
Our improved modern pigs are the
result of the infusion of Chinese and
Siamese blood with the pigs of Eng
land and Ireland of 100 years ago.
The Chester Whites and Poland-Chinas
of this country are not thorough
bred in the strict sense of the term,
that is, they do noj; always repro
duce their ancestors. The Poland
China is the best one for the practic
al farmer. Edward Burnett.
Too much corn is used by poultry
men, and not enough wheat, oats,
barley, middlings, bran and green
food. Clover rowen for winter use h
valuable owing to tho large percent
age of albumen it contains. Variety
of food is essential to the well-being
and productiveness of fowls. The
composition of eggs requires variety
of material, and these constituent
are found in plain and cheap iood of
one kind or another.
Armour says if he can make tho
tongue of a beef animal he is satis
fied. A tongue sells to dealers at
about. 40 cents, which is not much in
itself, but when 3,500 cattle are
killed in a day as at Chicago, the
profit at that rate would be $1,400.
Armour probably kills daily at his
several packing houses ten times
that number. How then could our
farmers compete with such a concern.
Grafting-wax is made of wax, three
parts, tallow three parts, and roin
three parts. These are melted to
gether in an iron vessel, kept for the
purpose, at as low a temperature as
will serve. It may be applied with a
brush to wounds. When used for
zrafting it is more convenient on
cloth. Old cotton, calico, or other
fabric that will tear readily is torn
into strips, made into rolls, soaked
in the hot wax until it is thorough
ly saturated drain off the excess ol
wax, and when cool is ready for use,
The Scientific Farmer estimates
the value of hen manure from grain
fed fowls at $2 per hundred pounds,
the valuable constituents being ni
trogen, phosphoric acid, and potash,
and says it may be fairly compared
with ammoniated superphosphates,
which it resembles in composition,
with the addition of a little potash.
Its comparison with Peruvian guano
is not warranted, since, though both
are excrements of birds, their food is
mtirely different, being in ono casa
3sh, in the other grain.
occasionally weary 01 tms mum em
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