Will Maupin's weekly. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1911-1912, December 15, 1911, Image 9
UNION STOCK YARDS AT SOUTH OMAHA The story of the founding and growth of the Union Stock Yards at South Omaha reads like a tale from the Arabian Nights, so wonderful it is; so magnificent it is in its con ception and in its fulfillment. Scarcely more than a quarter of a century old, this great live stock center has grown to be the third largest in the world, and around it has been builded the world's third largest packing industry. Doubtless its founders dreamed great dreams and saw great visions of its future, but even in their most enthusiastic moments they never eoneeived that the institution they created would grow to its present sie. It was in the brain of "Uncle Bill" Paxton that the idea was born. Smok ing his old cob pipe "Unele Bill" saw in the smoke wreaths a picture of a great live stock market upon the western banks of the Missouri river. And "Uncle Bill's" pipe didn't go out, eithor. lie knew that upon the ranges of Nebraska fed hundreds of thousands of cattle; that in her feed lots were hundreds of thousands of hogs. He saw these cattle and hogs transported from five hundred to a thousand miles to be sold upon the Chicago market. "Why not estab-li-Ji a live stock market right here!" asked "Uncle Bill" of some of his business associates. "Well, why not!" they replied. "But we've got to have packing plants," said someone. "They'll come when we establish the stockyards." said "Uncle Bill," stoutly, "because they'll come where they can get the kill." Thus it was. that after talking it over for a long time, that William A. Paxton. John A. Creighton. Alex Swan. Thomas Swobe, Peter E. Her. J. A. MeShane and other enterprising men got together and organized the Union Stock Yards Co. They did not know it then, but it was a case parallel to Alladin and his wonder ful lamp. Of course Omaha was the logical point for the establishment of the stockyards. It had the railroad facil ities, it had the freight rates, it was the natural gateway between the pro ducing section and the consuming section. Having organized their com pany these pioneer business men se lected the site for the yards the Prexel farm, five miles south of Om aha. Part of it was a cornfield.but most of it was a wilderness of brush and weeds. When the first seraperful of dirt was wheeled South Omaha was bom. and South Omaha was very much like Minerva. You will remem ber that Minerva sprang fully equipped from the brain of Jove. Of course a lot of wiseacres stood around with their hands in their pockets and worried themselves to death, almost, because Paxton and hss associates were bankrupting them selves backing a visionary scheme There is always plenty of such fel lows to stand around and "haekeap." But the members of the company kept riiht on. They had their hands in their pockets a good share of the time reaching for money. In good time they repeated the operation of thrusting their hands into their pockets but it was to put money in instead f to take money out Finally the yards were built, and in August of 1884 they were throwu open for business. It was slow work at first. A great stock market is not builded in a day. ami for a consider able time the Union Stock Yards re mained merely a feeding station for stock eu route from the west to the east. But as the volume of stock stopping at the yards increased, it began drawing buyers and dealers just as honey draws the bees. First enie the speculators and traders, some of them being shippers them selves. Then came men who wanted to buy feeders fanners and country men looking for sheep and cattle Tor feeding purposes. Then came th- buy ers front the packing houses. Then, finally, and best of all. the packers themselves came. One by one the packers began estab lishing packing plants in South Om aha and the dreams of Paxton and MeShane and Her and Creighton and others came true. Today it is the third largest live stock market in the world, and the third largest packing center in the v.orld. And South Omaha's live srock market and packing industries have made the name of Nebraska famous around the world. South Omaha is one of the -best -horse and mule markets in the United States, having handled as many as 3.667 animals in one day. There are two large firms engaged in the horse and mule business at South Omaha exclusively, namely. I. C. Gallup and the South Omaha Horse and Mule Company. The horse market may be paid to be divided into two depart ments, range horses and native horses. The range business starts in June of each year and lasts until December. The native trade continues throughout the year, but is most active from about the first of the year until June. MUTTON CHOPS EN In 1910 South Omaha received SSS 849 cars of live stock, a gain of nearly 17.000 cars in ten years and an aver age of nearly 300 cars per day for the market year. Out of this number received. nlv 837. cars were not actually sold on the South Omaha market, some of which were feeders stopped in transit to feed and rest going to feed lots east, so that it will be seen that more than 99 per cent cf the stock shipped to the South Om aha market in 1910 was sold there. Aside from the gain in the receipts over previous years, this is a remark able demonstration of the growth and stability of the market.' During the last three years the market has broken all its records in yearly receipts of cattle, hogs and sheep. The appended statement shows the receipts by years of live stock at South Omaha sinee the establishment of the yards: A summary of the receipts of live stock at the Union Stock Yards, South Omaha from the year 1884 to the year 1910 inclusive, will he interesting, and the totals will he staggering. Here they are: Years, ISSt tSS5 tSSS l$i 1S91 IS 2 I $93 193 1596 1597 1598 1599 1900 . . . . .. 191 1903 1903 194 1905 1906 1907 IStV 1909 Wl Tot1 A grand total of 92.312.432 head of live stock handled in twenty-seven years! Your mind isn't big enough to grasp that total. No man's mind is. But perhaps it can be put in a way that will enable you to grasp it. Suppose we trailed all that live stock out in single file, and allowed a scant ten feet for each animal. It would make a procession of live stock 174, 834 miles long more than seven times around the globe! And four-fifths of EL BUCKINGHAM General Manager Union Stock Yard Co all this live stock was fed and fattened , in Nebraska ! The largest day's receipts of cattle by the Union Stock Yards was on September 5, 1910 15,663 head. Of ROUTE sheep, October 10, 191063,714. Of hogs, June 20. 1906 21,501. The largest week's receipts of eat tie was the week ending August 31. 1910 62,164. Of sheep, week ending August 31, 1910 211,816. Of hogs, week ending May 31, 1905 119,518. The largest yearly receipts were as follows: Cattle, 19101,223,533. Hogs, 19082,424.851. Sheep, 19102,984, 870. During the last three years many new facilities have been added and a large amount of improvement work has been done. It is the purpose of the present management to make the South Omaha stock yards the most up-to-date of any in the land and pro vide service which may not be ex celled elsewhere. With this end in view, the management has in the last three years expended more than half a million dollars in extensive improve ments and new construction. In the cattle department, many new pens have been built and the yardage cspaeity greatly increased; concrete water troughs have been placed in all the new pens and in a large part of Cattle. SS.603 116.963 14S.513 239.377 S55.923 472.094 615.337 601.002 755.059 S52.456 S21.512 5S6.103 5S6.57S S10.949 812.244 S37.563 S2S.204 S1S.003 1.010.S1S 1.071.177 944.192 1.026.SS2 1.079.373 1.15S.716 1.036.625 1.14.618 1.123533 20.022.92S Hogs. 152.524 447,019 1.056.524 1.22.647 1.224,691 1.702.723 1.537.3S7 1.61S.SS4 1.406451 1.932.677 1.1S6.726 1.216.370 1.610.981 2.101.3S7 2216.4S2 200.92 2,414.05 2.247.425 2.23 1.067 2,299.627 2.293,956 2.393,551 2 53.652 2.424.S51 5.135.493 1,894.314 Sheep. 3.593 19.4S4 41,4 TS.422 172.13$ 152.517 Mules. 4S9 2.07 2.099 3.344 5.271 T.550 5.069 S.75X 169.$65 1SS.5SS 14,113 252.273 52.273 12 !S4 243.945 204.S7 355.005 627.160 1.085.136 1.0S6.319 1.276.775 1,314,841 1.742.539 1.S63.763 1.754.365 1.970.502 2,165.116 2.03S.777 2,105.949 2.167.014 2.9S4.S70 JL294 7.077 9.347 6.572 10.392 34.255 59.645 S6.S91 42.079 52.S29 46.845 45.423 42.269 44.020 S9.99S 31,711 29.734 45.460.576 2S.225.1S9 603.741 the older pens; nearly the entire cat tle division has been paved with con crete, replacing wooden plank and brick flooring; new scale houses added; new branding and dehorning chutes built; three concrete subways constructed to facilitate the movement of cattle about the yards ; double alleys built to relieve congestion during heavy runs; new elevated walks have been erected for the convenience of patrons of the market, and many minor improvements made in the inter est of better facilities for handling the business of this department. Without any regard to the economic advantages accruing to the Nebraska farmer and stockman from a market as accessible to him as is South Om aha, that market is a distinct asset to the state. The South Omaha market with its allied interests brings within the state a great industry which is fcound to make for its advancement commercially and the larger it is per mitted to grow the greater the bene fits to be derived from it by the peo ple of Nebraska. Therefore those hav ing the best interests of the state at heart can very becomingly support nd assist in building np this great industry in Nebraska. Every shipment of live stock to the South Omaha market by a Nebraska IN THE FEEDER DIVISION shipper helps to make a better, market, helps to build up a great Nebraska institution, helps to make more as sured the prosperity of the state and her people. It is a vast enterprise that deserves the hearty support 'and good will of every Nebraskan inter ested in the upbuilding of the com monwealth. The officers of the Union Stock Yards Co. are: K. J. Dunham, presi dent; J. D. Creighton, vice president! J. C. Sharp, secretary-treasurer; E. Buckingham, general manager. The directors are R. J. Dunham, R. C. Ilowe, F. II. Davis. Y. B. Caldwell, J. D. Creighton, C. B. Robbins, Lee W. Spratlin. Thos. B. McPherson. The late Senator Charles F. Manderson was a director at the time of his death. THINGS WE ARE PROUD OF Nebraska has more things to be proud of than any other state. She ought to be making every one of them known to all the world. Nebraska is remiss in her duty to herself when she fails to advertise her resources and pos sibilities to the remotest corners of the earth. Nebraska has some mighty big things, thank you. She has the largest creamery plant in the world. Her largest city, Omaha, is the great est butter market in the world. She has the third largest packing center in the world. She has the second largest smelter in the world. She is the third largest corn pro ducer. She is the third largest dairying state, and promises to be the largest inside of ten years. Her annual egg output is worth more than the gold output of any state or territory. Her annual butter, egg and poultry output is worth more than the gold and silver output of any two states or ter ritories. Her annual output of corn and wheat is worth more than the nation's annual output of crude petroleum. Her annual output of grains and grasses is worth more than the coal output of Pennsylvania, Her annual corn output is worth more than the nation's annual output of copper. If one year's product of her farms were loaded in standard freight ears and the ears made into one train, the train would reach from St. Petersburg, Russia, to a point in the Pacific ocean nearly a thousand miles due west of San Francisco, crossing the Baltie sea, the English ehanneL England, Ireland, the A tl an tie ocean and the United States. She has nearly a million acres in al falfa, and the acreage is increasing at the rate of 10 per cent a year. She has more than eight million dol lars worth of interest bearing securities in her permanent sehool fund, and school property, including sehool lands, worth $40,000,000. She has 49,000,000 acres, " three fourths of it fertile and less than two fifths of it under cultivation. She has a climate unsurpassed, a soil more fertile than that of the valley of the Nile, She offers more opportunities to the honest and industrious home-maiei than any other state or territory and she isn't doing a blessed thing to make the f aet known. SHOE MANUFACTURING. There may be many reasons why Ne braska is not at the forefront in the matter of manufacturing shoes, but the indications are that the ehief reason is a failure of westerners to appreciate the faet that Nebraska can and does manufacture shoes equal to the pro duet of any manufactory in the east. Few people realize the enormity of the penitentiary shoe output in this coun try. There are no shoes made by con vict labor in Nebraska, yet in 1910 Ne braska shoe factories turned out up wards of $1,000,000 worth of shoes as good as the best and better than most. All of these shoes were made by well paid men and women who are building homes and maintaining fami lies in Nebraska, thus adding to the prosperity of the state. It is a sad com mentary on the loyalty and good judg ment of Nebraskans-that- the largest share of the output of Nebraska's shoe factories was sold in other states. There are four large shoes factories in Omaha, employing perhaps 750 skilled workers. These factories turn out every kind of shoe from the patent leather dress shoe to the laced boot used by cattlemen and other outdoor workers. The greater portion of the output is the medium grade shoes that sell everywhere. Despite many draw backs the industry is growing at a gratifying rate. Will Maupin's "Week ly is of the candid opinion that as soon as Nebraskans realize the foolishness of shipping green hides east by the mil lion to be tanned into leather and made into shoes, then buying the shoes baek, thus leaving all the wages in the east, Nebraska will see a wonderful growth of shoe manufacturing industry. Then we will employ hundreds of Nebras kans in the industry of tanning the millions of hides taken from Nebraska cattle, and thousands in the manufac ture of shoes from that same leather. In the meantime let loyal Nebraskans cultivate the habit of demanding Ne braska made shoes. They will find them equal to any made, and every time a Nebraskan buys a pair of Nebraska made shoes he is giving employment to Nebraska labor and keeping Nebraska money at home where it will do Nebras ka and Nebraskans the most good. THE GOOCH MILLING COMPANY. Elsewhere in this number will be found a brief review of the milling in dustry in Nebraska, together with some idea of its magnitude. One of the mill ing concerns contributing largely to the tremendous volume of Nebraska mill ing output is the Gooeh Milling Co, of Lincoln. This is one of the largest Soar ing mills in the west, and was erected less than three years ago- It is a model mill in every respect. By virtue of the excellence of its produet ihis mill has become known throughout jthe country. "Gooeh 's Best" is a synonym for the best there is in fiour. This com pany is adding largely to the xolum of Nebraska's business, and its payroll is a big factor in the industrial life of Lincoln.