Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Will Maupin's weekly. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1911-1912 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 6, 1911)
The best in the west. Just the
place for those delicious summer
Lincoln's popular after-the-matr
ee and after-tne-opera resort.
Good senrke quickly performed.
The parlor de luxe.
12th and O St
1211 O Street
Jewelry and wares ot
Best selected stock in Lincoln.
Here you can get anything you
want or need in the line of
jewelry, and at the inside
price. Especially prepared for
commencement and wedding
H 'atch repairing and
See Fleming First
DR. R. L, BENTLEY,
Ofhce Hows I to 4 p. in.
Mow H At the Hay.
There ro still soa uiigh'y waters
left Not long go a Berlia market
porter undertook, for a wsssr, to put
far? at c:;c s ":-.s six rsiuttc-R colons.
IS ess. Sse. a duck. s!x rorn-.is of
potatoes a;:d . anii of tiay iY;5
eu'ties wer-o aw'-'r . j;- th ' -.
course, ard Hrs-e - s we--against
tee .wx:s:i!i:s.iHE! i .
feat The irs-: - s ;c-er --...'
citccuity ty r.;:.'T :r a
after be 1: d finished the a e';
thtn set to si"-- i- X. r,; . j
ashs w H "",'v - -
lowd t:e lot. ..- s
ion. th- re;:vv i: .-ir. t ; .
Housekeeping and Business.
Mothers should rvracaiber that when
tfceiT dr-'sMiTs become wives they
n t "-- valises, not only the values
ci Iced clol!!ig. but the values of
s:rt ; a ' " " V..ee, of rerseveranc
rr cf 'i -"-.-r-sf a Ts they have
bn t- i v ,-" . fcow are they
; ; i ,.s ;Ke? How can they
" "v 1 !:.-? f-.itur lies to a
r.-'-'- . -s hrt- hands, to make
. cri bile? In house
- i ; s: s.s much busl
ro ;-:rc as la t,j maa-
r . -e'
ea a certain
... . -i -rrajr. so many
I . -, . . .y tt;e end of
Om a recent pubUoatloa day of
Mwapaper printed out west, a boy,
osw tea or twelve year ot ace, cam
Into th offlce, and. with a peoulhta
Krta on hta face. Inquired, "tt that pa
per." pointing to th copy, "has as
account of tbe maa that has bees mar-
sored is Dlvasr He was
swered tn the afflmaUv. bn de
postttnc five cents apoo the table, he
wtth aa air ot eelMmpoc
"We that's my. dad, aad I
it to read shoot htm." Boston
Cannon Sells of Stone and I
Stone ballets were need antll the
year 1514 whea they were supplanted
by troa. It was near the doss ot the
sixteenth eestory for leaden bal
lets were carsJly adopted. Stoss
tsbst balls are yet used tn some ot
the essters countrtea.
Early Efforts of Workingmen to
Improve Their Condition.
THE ONLY MEANS AVAILABLE.
WhB First Inaugurated Strikes Were
Called "Turnout'' Principle Must
Be Kept Sacred to Avoid a Stat of
Tbe strike ot workmen against em
ptoyet? for a redress of grievances is
not a hi.w instrument in this country.
Even a half century before tbe sign
ins of the Declaration of Independence
strikes occurred. It'is true they were
not of a general character, being spo
radic and infrequent, but nevertheless
emphasized the spirit which was ris
ing in tbe breasts of workmen who
were compelled to work under unfa
Among the first of strikes to occur
was that of the Journeymen bakers in
New York city in 1741. The men en
gaged in this strike were indicted, but
the records are ot so hazy a character
that it cannot be determined accurate
ly as to what disposition was made
of the case, although from the best
Information obtainable the men were
convicted under the Indictment, but
sentence never passed.
The next stride ot record occurred
In May, 1790. of the journeymen shoe
makers in Philadelphia. A strike was
then called a "turnout" and was par
ticipated in for the purpose of secur
ing an increase in wages. These men
were also indicted in court, but the
Issues involved in the controversy
were won by the striking: shoemakers.
Another strike by the shoemakers In
Philadelphia was had In 173S. which
likewise proved successful, another in
crease in wages being secured. In
1799 the shoemakers again struck to
resist a reduction in wages. The
strike lasted about ten weeks, and the
shoemakers were partially successful.
The number ot shoemakers involved
at this time was only about 100.
In Xovetnber, 1S03, a strike occurred
In New York city which Is commonly
known as the sailors' strike. A lum
ber of sailors who had been receiving
$10 per month demanded an increase
to f 14. These sailors formed in a body,
marched around tbe city and induced
other seamen who were employed to
leave their ships and join the strike.
The strikers were dispersed by the
constables and their leader arrested
and lodged in jail. This strike was
In 1S05 the shoemakers of Philadel
phia again went on strike for an in
crease In wages of from 25 to 73 cents
per pair. The strike was of six or
seven weeks duration and was vuly
partially successful. Growing out ot
this strike another court proceeding
was had. and the shoemakers were
found guilty of a combination to raise
their wages and were fined by the
court $S each, with the cost of tbe suit.
A series of strikes in the various
trades, dating from 1809 to 1S35. was
. . . . . ..,.. ,. !
had. but In the latter year a number
of merchants in Schuylkill. N. Y
pledged themselves not to employ la
borers "unless they would agree to
work by the dai and from sunrise to
sunset, with an allowance of one hour
to breakfast and one hour to dinner t
June 1 and from that date one hour to
breakfast and two hours to dinner, and j
then we will not give exceeding $1 per '
t,.,. . k.. i .1. . ;
t-in 1 K- !
:'" Tj." ' rh
ront.aty. tlM' '
e2Tei-t of creating a ch
ser.titceut relative to con
;x's;cn then Ihii-s fsken that if tia
Mnatiens cf workit
coirbinalions of ei
forking men were wrong ;
employers must a!so ,
i be wror.g. This was the turning point '
j which finally srure the right of labor i
! the Iflwful right to strike. J
Siuce this drtte the niintler of strikes i
has increased, owing directly, of :
j course, to the increase in pipulatiou. ;
! As to the general success of all the
; strikes that have taken place, it has
j been apparent that the greatest gains
; in increases lu wages and shortening
i of hours through the medium of the
j strikes has beeu anions the building
ii 1 1 nuu mens ill," uj ill iue ixiiiti-
InjIm In ttiA Ti5..l Q t o t . w
and Canada approximately 700.000
men who are working an eight hour
day and at a wage 20 per cent higher
than fifteeu years ago. In the great
contests between the employers and
workmen methods have been adopted
by employers and employers associa
tions to defeat the just cause ot work
men in gaining better conditions in or
der that an American standard of liv
ing may be maintained. Orders of
courts have been Invoked. Through a
decision handed down by the United
States supreme court the organizations
ot labor are denominated illegal com
binations In restraint of trade, and
every other obstacle has been placed
In their pathway to retard the prog,
ress ot the legitimate and Justifiable
demands ot labor. There is not likely
to be any cessation of hostility be
tween employer and employed so long
as Inequalities exist. The ever chang
ing evolution of industry compels
workmen to constantly engage In in
dustrial warfare to protect their inter
ests. The right to strike Is an In
alienable right, and were It not that
this right is recognised our country
would soon gravitate to one of the
worst despotisms of which history re
cords. The great race for wealth by
captains of Industry Intensifies the
struggle, but th exercise of the rights
of workmen to resist unfair conditions
ot employment and Inadequate wage
can truthfully be said to be th. safety
air ot American society.
Labor Sunday will be added to
Labor Monday In September,
and men who lead unions are ex
pected to 611 pulpits of several
churches. The movement is be
ing carried out by various cen
tral labor anions through reso
lution of tbe American Federa
tion of Labor, which asked
churches to devote some part of
the Sunday before Labor day to
the discussion of the labor ques
tion, and by the social service
commission of the Federal Coun
cil of Churches of Christ in
America. This latter body repre- j
sents thirty-three Protestant de-
nominations, with a membership g ;
of 1S.O0O.00O and a constituency 1
of 40.000.OlXX About 123.000
ministers are identified with X j
these denomination!!. I
The Rev. Charles S. Macfar- $j
land, secretary of the commis- ;
sion. has sent a can to secreta- S
ries of ministerial associations, ;
recommending that wherever -1
nossihta a nninn cr-if. tu, helit
the Sunday night before Labor
dav. to which workinsnnen be '
invited, and that appropriate ser- ? I
mens be preached in the morn- i
ing. The American Federation
of Labor has asked central labor . j
unions to co-operate with the
S. ministers. Central labor unions
are providing speakers for pul
X pits on Labor Sunday, which the
T federation has adopted as the
X name for that day.
CHILD LABOR .EXHIBIT.
Wees of Infant Toilers Shown
The child labor exhibition recently
opened in New York by the national
child labor committee Is attracting
The exhibit consists in part of many
photographs showing little children at
work for long hours in tobacco, can
ning, cotton and other factories, the
pinched faces and stunted forms ex
citing the pity ot all who' view them.
There are also statistics and graphic
Illustrations of the number of children
of very tender years still employed in
factories of many kinds and the ef
fects of such employment on the de
velopment of their bodies and minds.
The national committee does not
work directly to induce factory owners
to stop the employment of children,
but to get legislatures to pass more
rigid laws limiting such employment.
The exhibit has already been seen In
many of the cities of the country. In
cluding Boston. St. Louis. Washing
ton, Nashville. Memphis. Birmingham.
Montgomery and Raleigh. Miss Eliza
beth McMurtie Dinwiddie. who has as
sisted in assembling it accompanied it
to all these cities. The leaders in this
demonstration against child labor are
Messrs. Owen R. Lovejoy. chairman,
and Felix Adler. vice chairman.
Chinese Go on Strike.
Through au attempt on the part of
the Master Builders' Association of
Vancouver. B. C to institute the open
."" " J" .
ancouver has for quite a number of
years past been the dumping ground
for a large number of immigrants from
all the countries in the far east, and
conditions of labor have consequently
been continually growing worse. One
unique feature in the Vancouver con
test is the fact that the Chinese car-
nter3 na.Te mad n""n cause with
the organizations of labor. The Chi-
nese are not organized into labor un-
ar-tr c uvi i;it uiirj tutu uki. uu
ion s e understand them, but are.
however, meias of v hu are termel
answer to a question as to why tis j the c5ty wbere .Vl v a'Jt ,0 work
fellow countrymen also ceased work ! iher will obtain for you sach a po-
replied: "White men quit. Alice samee siti,in s -Ton fiS: -TO alut wa?s'
.i.:....... t bojirdinff p:;ees and whatever yoa
Union Cains In New York.
On March 3L 1011 the number of
trade unionists in New York state was
KG.770. the largest number ever re-
corded. During th& six months from
Oct. 1. 1910. to March 31. 1011. the
number of members of labor unions in
the state increased from 4S1.924 to
JV". r.f or iwarir
3 per cent. Taken in connection
with the increase of 74.603 during the
preceding six months, the increase for
the year ended March 3L 1911. . was
SS,541. or nearly 22 per cent, the
largest twelvemonth gain ever record
ed with the exception of the increase
during the twelve months ended Sept. ,
To Aid the McNamarae.
The American Federation of Labor
has inaugurated a vigorous campaign
to raise money with which to conduct
the defense of the McNamaras, charg
ed with dynamiting the plant of the
Los Angeles Times. In addition to a
general appeal through the press of
tbe country, it is planned to augment
the fund by the sale of buttons bear
ing a picture of J. J. McNamara and
tbe word "kidnaped." Stamps carry
ing a picture of J. J. McNamara and
designed to be used on the back of
envelopes also will be offered for sale.
Co-operative Stores In England.
n. Manchester and the north of Eng
land generally the laboring classes of
the population continue to favor co
operative societies or stores. Co-operation
In its various phases of Industrial
and provident societies comprised In
the report of the chief registrar of
Friendly Societies for. 190O represents
a membership ot 2.777.513. with total
assets amounting to $294397,470, an
Increase ot a boot S10.&49.S25 daring
THE TRADE UNION.
5 We have Usteued to the old ?
reasoning that tbe workingman x
is able to make as good a con-
X tract individually as a labor
g union can. I don't believe the
individual switchman or a rail-
road man wbo is earning $5 a
month would get much salisfac
tion if he protested against a cut
i in his wages.
What chance has he to see the
tj superintendent and insist that be
cannot support Ms tanuly on a
But if be is a member of an
association that includes thou
sands of men in every branch of
railroading his grievance is sure
to reach the ear of the president.
Trade unions endeavor to se
cure a monopoly of labor, they
say. Well, suppose they do. If
they could create a monopoly
they could starve the world.
But it seems to me the trade
union is not the only body that
tries to establish a monopoly.
Capital does it Clarence Dar
WOMEN TOILERS' FRIEND,
mrs. aammnner, Member of mmne-
sot a Labor Commission.
Mrs. Perry Starkweather, first wom
an In America on a labor commission, '
originated, organized and is the head '
of a department at first experimental.
but daily making good, says Human
Life. She was appointed by the late ;
Governor Johnson of Minnesota and ,
aims to make the department the pio- .
' Deer working toward a federal bu
by i reau for women and children.
I Mrs. Starkweather is wealthy and a
mother and was for many years a
mill owner. The adverse conditions
surrounding the mill girls set her to
active work Investigating and better
ing their conditions. Then she took
up the cause of children unlawfully
employed. It is significant that ten
other states have written to her re
garding the organization and -maintenance
of such a department.
The main idea, of Mrs. Starkweather
is to keep every girl in the home if
possible until she is at least eighteen,
to teach her cooking and honskeeping
and to tt her for motherhood. If she
must go to work outside make condi
tions safe and sanitary.
Mrs. Starkweather gives personal
answers to hundreds of letters from
women and girls, giving advice and
sometimes money, finding places for
those needing work, often getting med
ical and dental aid and in some cases
seeing that girls dying without friends
are buried by the department and
saved from the potter's field. In one
year nearly 3,000 places have been
visited where women and children
work, and in every instance general
conditions have been improved.
For ten years Mrs. Starkweather has
been active In Minnesota public life.
She Is Indefatigable in her work and
an old fashioned housewife. She says.
"Eleven people, some my own children,
some adopted, call me "mother. She
Is also called "the mother in Minne
sota. L To. Mrs. Starkweather is due perhaps
the greatest known feat of philanthrop
ic advertising in the northwest. She
composed, had printed and caused to
be hung in every railway station in
Minnesota r.ixl in many trther public
places a notice to young women and
girls which read as follows:
"Do not po to the large cities for work
unless you are compelled to. If you
must go write at least two weeks in
j advance to the women's department.
bKref!n of St. Tim!, or to the
' Young Wostoa's Christian association
want to know.
T- SnT3 t efore y mi !eave home
s " ' 5a-v and honr
rour "3 w"!' TlTe. sad a re- ,
I sponsible wsaaa wi',1 meet you at the
- f n . -J- -TOT,r
j r v ot s ouosticus of strangers
s Utr ? nlvU-e from th?m.
-Vs- a uniformed railway official or
This advi'-e is issued by the state bu-
rcsa of lsber and posted through the
ccisrlesy of the railway officials of this
road. New York Sun.
Trade Union Briefs.
Plasterers Of Richmond, Va secured
the eight hour day without a strike.
Carpenters at Oreenwich. Coiul.
have secured an advance of 23 cents
Brewery workers of Providence, R.
L, recently received an advance of $2
Patternmakers of Chicago have ob
tained an increase of 34 cents per hour
and a forty-four hour week.
Organized labor in Atlanta has pur
chased a site and will soon begin the
erection of a $30,000 labor temple.
The Wisconsin State Federation or
Labor has placed the Buck's Stove and
Range company's products on their
The Western Federation of Miners
In convention at Butte voted to levy a
monthly assessment of 25 cents per
member to aid In the defense of the
The Rev. S. W. Steckel addressed
the Central Federated union of Provi
dence and urged that organized labor
and the churches be more closely af
filiated. The Rev. Mr. Steckel is
recularly accredited delegate from th
The Habit of Saving
It needs to be cultivated. Regularly set aside a
portion of your income be that portion large or
small, let be it something and put it where it will
work for you. Idle money is useless. Deposit your
savings with us from week to week, or from month
to month, and we will pay you
Four Per Cent Interest
Systematic saving means a competency in after
years. We will help you acquire the habit and the
Call and let us explain our methods of doing
American Savings Bank
110 South Eleventh Street
FIRST SAVINGS BANK
The directors of this bank are the same as the
directors of the First National Bank of Lincoln
4 per cent. Interest on Deposits
It gladly open accounts for sums as torn asone dollar
The Dr. Benj. F.
r'oc non contmgioos cbronio diseaaaa. Largest,
equipped, most besnti fully farnished-
Shamp Machine Company
317 South Eleventh Street
Lincoln - - - - - Nebraska
Automobile Repairing a Specialty
"Welded-AH" machine for all kinds of electric welding;.
Repairing of all kinds done promptly and at lowest prices
consistent with good work.
Autos for Hire at Reduced Rates Call Bell A2779
Once Tried Always Used
Little Hatchet Flour
Made from Select Nebraska Hard Wheat
WILBER AND DeWITT MILLS
RYE FLOUR A SPECIALTY
Bcfl Ptraoe 300: Aao. 1439
Read Will Maupin's
is an every day delicacy that all
A few cents a month covers the difference .
between ordinary butter and "MeadowGokL"
Butter is one of those "big little things a poor V
I quality can leave a feeling of dissatisfaction with an I
I entire meal, while good butter lends an additional I
I charm f
I The delicious flavor of "Meadow Gold Butter I
is particularly enticing. Its rare richness
appeals to the most fastidious palate.
Sold by all V
J&EtSzffX delw who are I
siJLWX butter particular.
So, 9th Su LINCOLN, NEB.
Weekly. $1 a year
Powered by Open ONI