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About Will Maupin's weekly. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1911-1912 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 29, 1911)
Bureau o Mines to Hold Field
Meet at Pittsburg.
MANY MINERS TO ATTEND.
Trained Teams Will Demonstrate Life
Saving Devices and Give Exhibitions
of Skill In First Aid to Injured and
The bureau of mines will hold a na
tional first aid to the injured field
meet on Saturday, Sept. 16, in Arsenal
park. Pittsburg, President Taft, Sec
retary of the Interior Fisher and Dr.
Joseph A. Holmes, director of the bu
reau of mines, will attend and speak
to the miners. The bureau of mines
will have the co-operation of the
Pittsburg Coal Operators' association
and the American Red Cross. It is
expected that between 0,000 and 30,
000 miners will attend, and many of
the important coal companies will
send their trained first aid and rescue
corps to take part in the exhibition.
Already a number of teams have en
tered and are training for the event,
which promises to be the most impor
tant gathering of miners ever assem
bled. Arsenal park is the site of the test
ing station of the bureau of mines,
and the experts of the bureau are
busy arranging for a unique program.
Congressman Wilson of Pennsylvania
is active in promoting the meeting, he
being a member of the mines commit
tee In the house of representatives, as
well as a coal miner himself. The
teams from the various coal mines
will give exhibitions of their skill in
bringing injured miners from the
mines and caring for their wounds.
Many of these teams have been in
structed in first aid by the surgeons
of the American Red Cross and also
by the rescue corps of the bureau of
Between 5,000 to 8,000 miners are
injured each year in the United States,
some so seriously that they die per
haps months afterward, and others are
so maimed that they are cripples for
life: The work of the "first aid to the
injured teams is to give the proper
emergency treatment so that injuries
will be lessened in seriousness and
some of the fatalities perhaps avoided.
In the anthracite region of Pennsyl
vania the first aid work has been
h'ghly developed through the good
work of the American Red Cross, and
luany lives have been saved through
the prompt and efficient work of the
members of the various corps. This
movement has become so popular in
the anthracite region that annual field
contests between the teams are held
each year in the presence of thousands
of spectators. Prizes are given to
the winners by the American Red
Cross, and the operators join in with
contributions of badges and cups. Fol
lowing the example of the anthracite
regions and directly as the result of
the Instructions in first aid to the In
jured and in the helmet rescue work
being introduced in all parts of the
United States by the rescue cars and
stations of the bureau of mines, teams
have recently been organized In the
bituminous mining districts throughout
the country. The members of these
teams are eager to show their skill
aud, will take part in the exhibition.
The union miners also are giving every
assistance possible to the bureau of
mines in its laudable efforts to con
serve human life.
.In addition to the exhibition by the
first aid teams the miners wIJT wit
ness gas and coal dust explosions in
miniature, which will be staged ia the
great explosive gallery of the bureau
of mines. In Arsenal park there will
also be a temporary gallery which will
resemble a coal mine. This will be
placed at the bottom of a natural am
phitheater, giving a clear view to
thousands of persons. There will be
a gas explosion in this play mine;
miners will be entombed, and one of
the government rescue corps in oxygen
helmet will enter and save the men.
One side of the miniature mine will
be open its entire length in order that
the onlookers may witness everything
that happens in an underground hor
ror except the loss of life. The fa
mous oxygen helmets that members
of the rescue corps of the bureau wear
and which have been instrumental in
saving a number of lives will be on
exhibition and explained to the miners.
The oxygen reviving apparatus, which
automatically takes the poisonous
gases from the lungs of an asphyxiat
ed miner and fills them with oxygen,
will also be demonstrated. This ap
paratus has already brought back to
consciousness a number of miners giv
en np as dead.
Women Workers In Europe.
The number of women employed In
Germany, according to the last statis
tical data, is 9.400.000; France. G.S00.
C00: Austria. 5.G00.000. and England
5.300.CGO. this great number being em
ployed in manufactures and trades.
1 TRIUMPH OF RIGHT.
Trade unionism has had a
long, hard struggle with opposi
tion, but labor's cause Is a right
eous one a just and hnmane
one and in the unequal conflict SZ,
it has not only survived the at
. tacks of calumny, but it has won
the respect and confidence of x
THE SHORTER WORKDAY.
Employer and Worker Benefit by Re
duced Hours of Toil.
Congressman Red field of Brooklyn
in a speech in the house on the tariff
made many illuminating references to
matters in which organized labor has
been and is intensely interested. Em
ployers 6f labor have been slow to ac
knowledge that short hours and high
wages work not only to the advan
tage of the wage earner, but equally
to the employer. In Mr. Redfield's
speech he brings out very clearly some
of the questions that have been con
sidered as differences not to be recon
ciled. He said In part:
"About twelve years ago the head
of a concern In Brooklyn decided that
he would put his factory on a nine
hour a day basis. He became satis
fied that there was an element in the
ten hour day that was real, but diffi
cult to see namely, the tired hour.
He became satisfied that the tenth
hour was the tired hour that at that
time the point was reached under
which a man could not work to the
highest advantage. He put his fac
tory on a nine hour a day basis and
kept a very careful record of his cost.
At the end of the year it was 4 per
cent to the good. He made an abso
lutely larger product. The wages re
mained the same. I presume you gen
tlemen are all aware of the experi
ment that took place In the great ship
building yards of William Denny &
Sons, who as a result of conferences
between them and their workmen
agreed that they would try the eight
hour day for a year, at the end of
which rime tf the result showed no
disadvantage to earnings in the eight
hour day It would be retained; other
wise the men agreed to go back to the
nine hour day. As a result at the end
of the year they retained the eight
hour day because it paid. 1 do not
mean to argue from this that you
could go with an ax and cut every
thing arbitrarily to eight hours, but
that the proper and reasonable adjust
ment of things to that will some day
obtain is unquestioned."
EIGHT HOURS FOR CAR MEN.
San Francisco Railway to Operate on
Short Day Basis.
The labor party administration of
San Francisco has commenced the op
eration of the Geary Street railway,
which has been turned over to the
city as the result of the expiration of
a franchise. Every legal obstacle
known was put in the way of the city
administration to ' take over and op
erate this line. It was necessary, ow
ing to the extremely bad physical con
dition of the roadbed and the cars, that
It be almost wholly reconstructed, and
active work has commenced.
Labor Mayor McCarthy has an
nounced that all of the work to be
done in rehabilitating the road will be
done by union labor and that when
completed the motonnen. conductors
and all employees of the operating de
partment will be put upon an eight
hour day and a wage rate that will
enable the employees to maintain a
high standard of living. It is stated
thatthe employers" organizations and
other associations of a like character
are much perturbed over the action
taken by the union labor administration.
A Real Union Town.
"In San Francisco." said Marcel Wille.
organizer for the Bakery and Confec
tionery Workers union, "we have
what Is known as the Union Labor
party. The mayor Is a member of the
carpenters .union. The district attor
ney is a member of the typographical
union. Twelve out of twenty assem
blymen carry cards in their respective
unions. These city officials are not
friends" of organized labor; they are
members of the unions."
To Combat Unions.
Keen interest is aroi:scd In Australia
by the announcement that a commit
tee of Melbourne employers and com
mercial men has launched a well con
sidered scheme for a jiermanent fund
of $750,000 to fight the unions.
Tile Men Get Increase.
The tile layers. Improvers and help
ers of Newark. N. J., during the last
six months have secured an increase
of $1 per day. with union shop condi
tions. Salt on French Roads.
As a general rule the roads in and
around French towns are tarred at the
commencement of the summer in or
der to abate the dust nuisance. It has.
however, been found that tar, al
though excellent in the case of maca
damized roads, 13 of little or no value
where car lines exist and paved street
crossings intersect the roads in every
direction, as tarring cannot be carried
out on stones.
The authorities, basing their action
on the well known hygrometrical prop
erties of common salt, have made a
test of Its value In laying the dust.
Twenty yards of roadway have been
sprinkled liberally with salt and then
watered freely. If the results are sat
isfactory salt will be used throughout
the town of Havre, it being Impossi
ble to tar the majority of the streets,
as they are paved with rough stone
HE WAS REAL DIPLOMATIST
Man Discovers Sure Way to Get
Wife to Mend His
As Mr. Compton looked down at Lis
waistcoat he discovered that It lacked
a button. "And J asked my wife to
sew it on more firmly, last night." be
said to his commuter neighbor In the
train. "I don't see how she forgot
"Don't ever ask her to mend any
thing." said his friend. "I learned a
better way before I'd been married a
year. When I want anything m?nd?d.
say a shirt, for instance. I take ft un
der my arm. all rnusssd np. r.nd open
the closet door, and sing out to my
wife, "Where's the rag-bag. Peggy?"
""What do yo;i want of the rag
bag? she'll ask me.
""Oh. I thought I'd throw this away
I tell her. and squeeze It a little tight
er under my arm.
" 'Let me see what you have there.'
she'll say, and 111 mutter something;
about "worn-out old thing! while I
fcand It over to her.
"Why, James Holland! shell say.
when she's spread It out and looked
It over in a hurry 1 am surprised at
you! This is perfectly good. It
doesn't need a single thing except
And then and there she sits down to
mend it. looking as If I'd made htr a
present" Youth's Companion.
Costumes of Fish Skins.
Among the most wonderful gar
ments worn at the. present day ar
the curious fish skin dresses of the
wealthy women of the Gold tribe, liv
ing along the Amur river. East Si
beria. Though they can neither read
nor write these people are producing
astonishing ornaments, designs and
The dress Is composed of several
layers of fish ekin. the undermost
representing the skin of the garment
proper, the uppermost showing the
ornaments In their cut-out forms. Be
tween these two layers Is Inserted a
middle layer, which serves as a back
ground, throwing out distinctly all
parts of the ornaments. The pieces of
fish skin forming the ornaments are
generally colored blue. . The front and
back of the dress Is adorned with
these cut-out pieces of fish skin sewed
with fish skin thread. Christian Her
Coachman Had to Earn Bequest.
A quaint paragraph appears In thef
will of Mrs. Julie HalL of Brighton.;
England. At the reading of the will
the other day It was found that she
bad bequeathed 100 to her coach-:
man, provided he Is In her service at
her death, and "if I do not die
through or from the effects of a cai
riage accident when he Is the driver."
NOTICE TO NON-RESIDENT
September 15, 1911.
To Harry B. Gilson, .
You are hereby notified that the
plaintiff, Grace M. Gilson filed her
petition in the District Court of Lan
caster County, Nebraska, on the 16th
day of May, 1911, praying for a di
vorce from you on the grounds of wil
ful abandonment and non-support and
she also prays for the custody of your
minor child Marguerite Gilson. Now
unless you answer said petition on or
before the 6th day of November, 1911,
said petition will be taken as confess
ed and the prayer of the petition will
GRACE M. GILSON,
By Tyrrell and Morrissey, .
26-4t Her Attorneys.
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