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About Will Maupin's weekly. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1911-1912 | View Entire Issue (June 23, 1911)
TRADE UNION BEST
Most Effective Agency For the
Uplift of Toilers.
MOVES STEADILY ONWARD.
Organized Labor Thrives In Spite of
Opposition and Makes No Promises
That It Does Not Fulfill The Only
Hope of the Wageworker.
A careful review of the labor move
ment and labor conditions strengthens
the claim we have always made and
which we now renew and reassert,
that labor must work .out its own
salvation and within its own ranks. It
requires no great thought to reach the
conclusion as to how this can be done.
Everybody knows, except those who
are blinded by prejudice or through
lack of experience, that the trade union
is the simon pure, absolutely safe and
only plan through which we must con
tinue to work until all workers are
thoroughly organized. Then wages
will rise more rapidly, hours shorten,
conditions improve and we will be in
a position to absorb our full share of
the wealth we create regardless of
what system of government we may
be working under.
Everybody agrees that we want bet
ter wages and better living conditions,
and everybody knows that we have se
cured both through our unions. Our
Improved working and living condi
tions have come to us solely through
trade union activity.
While political parties, co-operative
enterprises, land schemes and many
other visionary schemes to hurry the
workers toward the millennium have
gone up In thin smoke, proved abso
lute . failures, the trade union move
ment has steadily advanced, constantly
growing in numbers and usefulness,
just as we have always said it would.
The trade unions have lived on de
spite the opposition of our natural ene
mies from the outside and the luke
warm, doubting ones and knockers on
the inside, and, what is more, they will
continue to do so. The workers have
never been deceived or misled by the
trade union advocates.
Trade unions have done what their
advocates have said they would do.
No false hopes . or glowing prospects
have been held out or promised. The
trade union advocates have always
said, and say now, that the move
ment Is slow, evolutionary, construc
tive, protective, and is the only means
whereby all can unite for better work
ing and living conditions.
Trade unionism is composed of wage
workers only and is strictly a class
movement. Other movements embrace
capitalists, nonproducers and vision
ary, get-there-quick people who don't
know where they are going, but who
think they are on the way, and so
they are on the way to confusion, dis
cord and up in the air.
The trade unions know what they
want and how to get it. They are
securing results every day and are
marching as working men and wom
en shoulder to shoulder, heads erect,
over the safe but sure road to better
working and better living conditions.
Stand by the good old battle scarred
trade union movement. It is your
friend, your hope, your aspiration and
your final salvation. Clgarmakers
Hatters Adopt Referendum.
The convention of the United Hat
ters of North America, recently in ses
sion in New York city, will meet again
in that city in May,. 1915. One.pf the
Important propositions adopted was
the one providing for the recall of the
union's officers. Another was the ref
erendum in elections on and after
next January. Simon Blake of Dan
bury was made president and Martin
Lawlor. the present incumbent, secretary-treasurer,
to hold office until the
referendum goes into effect on the first
of the year 1912. It was one" of the
most progressive conventions held by
the hatters in years. Matters not
reached by the delegates will' be taken
care of by the new executive board.
Haywood Advocates a Fool Strike.
At Omaha the other night William
D. Haywood, formerly secretary of
the' Western Federation of Miners, is
reported to have advocated a general
strike In all industries throughout the
country on the day the McNamaras
are brought to trial at Los Angeles.
"There is only one course left for
you laboring people," he is reported.
"Fold your arms the day McNamara
is brought to trial and demand that
he be taken back to Indianapolis. Let
the strike be general, of every kind of
working people, and you will win."
Verily, the fool killer is not abroad
In Omaha. Brooklyn Eagle.
Brotherhood of Trainmen.
The tenth biennial convention of the
Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen,
that represents 300,000 men in the
United States and Canada, was held
recently In Harrisburg, Pa. One of
the chief topics was the suggestion of
federal legislation defining the em
ployers' liability and workmen's com
pensation for death and injury. The
trainmen take the position that the
railroads should be held responsible
for personal mishaps to the men In
their employ. The brotherhood paid
out more than $2,000,000 last year in
death i antf "disability claims."
Five Thousand Lose Jobs.
The Dwight and Chicopee Manufac
turing companies of Chicopee. Mass.,
have shut down. Five thousand cot
ton operatives are affected. The Chic
opee company closing is indefinite.
REST FOR TRAINMEN.
Supreme Court Decides In Favor of
Time Limit Law.
The "hours of service law for rail
road employees" passed by congress in
1907 has been upheld as constitutional
by the supreme court of the United
States. This decision was announced
by Justice Hughes in the test suit in
stituted by the Baltimore and Ohio
railroad. The decision of the court
Justice Hughes said that the words
of the statute were plaiu that only
persons engaged in interstate com
merce and interstate carriers were af
fected by the statute. In this partic
ular, he said, it differed from the em
ployers' liability law of 1906. Because
the interstate employees sometimes en
gage in intrastate business did not de
feat the law. he added.
As to the authority of the Interstate
commerce t ommission to issue the or
der putting the law Into effect, the
justice said that the entire question
of authority had been settled by legis
lation in 1910. The justice found no
other objection to the order or to the
The act made it unlawful for any
common carrier engaged in interstate
commerce to permit any trainman sub
ject to the act to remain on duty long
er than sixteen consecutive hours or
any telegraph operator more than nine
or thirteen hours, according to the time
the telegraph station was opened for
business. The act also created periods
of rest for the employees.
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
company attacked the law as uncon
stitutional on the ground that it ap
plied to intrastate as well as to inter
state railroads and employees. The
order by which the Interstate com
merce commission placed the law Into
operation was attacked also. The rail
road asserted that congress could not
and did not attempt to delegate to the
commission the power to require re
ports of violations of the law; that the
labor and expense necessary to make
the reports constituted a taking of the
railroad's property without due process
of law and therefore in violation of the
constitution, and that it compelled self
incrimination by officers and employ
ees of the railroad also in violation of
THE GOOD UNIONS DO.
If the labor unions did nothing
else than call attention to the
misery that abounds their exist
ence would be justifiable. But
they have done more. They
have not only called attention
to the effects; they have shown
the causes. They have done
more still. They have produced
remedies, upon the merits and
demerits of which professors,
editors and ministers now dis
cuss and advocate. Labor un
ions have produced thinkers
and educators from out their
own ranks and have drawn stu
dents and teachers from the
wealthy and professional. And
more yet. While doing this
they have bettered the condi
tion of thousands of families by
securing higher wages, shorter
hours and greater independence,
individually and collectively.
The result is something to be
proud of. The carpenter, the
printer, clgarmaker, clerk, shoe
maker, tailor, working long
hours, on short rations, have
stepped boldly to the front and
worked revolution in American
thought. It ts a fact beyond
4 A I 4 i
How Australia Cares For Women.
While we are struggling with might
and main to force employers and state
legislatures to treat women workers
more humanely by conceding a nine
hour or eight hour workday, our Aus
tralian brethren are outstripping us.
Led by the printers, a movement has
been started to enforce a six hour day
light workday for all female workers
The eight hour day Is universal, nud
wage agreements are made in ah
trades. Labor controls the frovorumenl.
and is quite independent industrially.
hour day wiir go into effect in alJ
Western Union offices. Wages will
also be Increased, so that the best
telegraphers will receive $100 a month
instead of $85 and $95.
The American Federation of Labor
has Issued an appeal to all organized
labor in the United States lor con
tributions to a fund to defend the Mc
Namaras and any others who may be
involved in the Los Angeles Times dy
namiting case, . . ' .
Honor Above All.
Believe it to be the greatest of all
infamies to prefer your existence to
your honor, and for the sake of life
to lose every inducement to live.
None to Do the Chores.
More than four million people are
estimated to attend moving picture
shows in the United States every day
No wonder it is getting so hard to find
somebody willing to do the chores
The fnest in the west. Just the
place for those delicious summer
Lincoln's popular after-the-mati-nee
and after-the-opera resort.
Good service quickly performed.
The. parlor de luxe.
12th and O St
1211 O Street
Jewelry and wares or
Best selected stock in Lincoln.
Here you can get anytliing you
want or need in the line of
jewelry, and at the inside
price. Especially prepared for
commencement and wedding
Watch repairing and
See Fleming First
, u, JIM
or r ce o
DR. R. L. BENTLEY,
Office Hours I to 4 p. m.
Office 21 18 O St. ' - Both Ph nc
on household goods, pianos, hor
ses, oto.; long or short time, No
ohargo for papers. No - interest
in adrance. No publicity or fil
papers, We guarantee better
te&ns than others make. Money
Eaid immediately. COLUMBIA
iOAJN GO. 127 South 12th.
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