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About Will Maupin's weekly. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1911-1912 | View Entire Issue (March 17, 1911)
Bill Under Consideration In New
WHAT MEASURE PROVIDES.
Makes Orderly Boycott Lawful and
Penalizes Attempts to Coerce Work
ers to Refrain From Joining a Labor
Trade unionism has the public ear
open and attentive to its pleadings for
relief by law from unnecessary bur
dens and gross injustice bound on its
hack by the emploj-ing class and the
courts. This is proved by numerous
facts. Among the most significant
and hopeful of these is the quickened
consciences of legislators in many
parts of the country with reference to
laws for the protection and assistance
of labor in its struggle for the better
ment of its own legions and the whole
eople of the country.
A striking case in point is this: The
legislature of New York has before
It and is seriously considering a bill
providing for the addition of five new
sections to the state labor law, all re
lating to the rights of laborers.
The bill makes it a misdemeanor for
any person, company or the officer
or agent of such company to compel
persons to refrain from joining any
labor organization as a condition of
such persons securing employment
with the company or person. Viola
tion of this provision Is punishable by
a fine of not less than $500 nor more
than $1,000 or imprisonment for not
less than ninety days nor more than
twelve months, or both.
It permits boycotting. It provides
that agreements or contracts between
persons to do or not to do any act In
contemplation or furtherance of any
trade dispute between employers and
employees in the state shall not be
deemed criminal and shall not be pun
ished as a conspiracy.unless such acts
would be criminal if committed by one
person. Such acts are not to be con
sidered In restraint of trade and may
not be enjoined. Violence is prohibited.
It also prohibits employers from
bringing in employees from other
states or from other 'parts of the state
by means of false or "deceptive induce
ments or representations as to work
to be done, the conditions and the com
pensation to be paid. Failure to state
in an advertisement that there Is a
lockout at such place of employment is
to be deemed a false advertisement.
Violation of this provision is punish
able by a fine of not less than $500
nor more than $2,000, or imprisonment
for not less than one month nor more
than one year or both.
Strike breaking is also prohibited.
It provides that any person who shall
hire or aid in hiring persons to guard
with arms or deadly weapons olh?r
persons' property and persons coming
from without the state so armed for
that purpose without the consent of
the governor shall be guilty of a felony
and upon conviction shall be impris
oned for not less than one year nor
more than five years. But no person
is to be prohibited from protecting and
guarding his property, as is now pro
vided by law.
The provision regarding strike break
ing and false advertising is to apply
only to worklngmen brought into the
state or induced to go from one place
to another within the state. "Working
men so brought in are given certain
rights to recover damages sustained.
A similar measure has been intro
duced In the Oregon legislature also in
which the same course of legislation
1? Prop.osed. There has been no con-
ference or agreeinent between the east
ern and western states, but the new
labor bills they are considering are al
most identical in what they contain.
This is a strong indication that the
sentiment of the people east as well as
west is aroused and insistent on the
Profit Sharing Pays.
Believing return in loyalty and am
bition on the part of their employees
made it doubly worth while, Ilibb'ard,
Spencer, Bartlett & Co. of Chicago
have extended their profit sharing
plan to include every one connected
with the institution. Several hundred
employees, ranging from department
manager to office boy, recently receiv
ed checks of from 4 to 12 per cent of
their salaries, representing their shares
in the firm's earnings during the last
"The profit sharing system has
proved an immense success with us,"
said Frank Ilibbard, fourth vice pres
ident of the firm, "and the time will
come when every progressive business
house will realize its advantage and
put it into effect.
"We have found that the plan not
only encourages employees to stay
with us until they have qualified for
participation in the benefits, but that it
creates a sentiment of loyalty to the
house that is invaluable."
Miners Support Mitchell.
John Mitchell of the National Civic
federation has been given assurances
of support by thousands of mine work
ers of the Pennsylvania anthracite
field. Big mass meetings were held in
various regions on Feb. 19. and at
these leaders of the mine workers and
others voiced their indignation over
the passing of the resolution at the
recent convention declaring that
Mitchell must either leave the union
cr give up his membership in the Civ
ic federation. At each of the meet
ings resolutions were passed condemn
ing the delegates who voted against
Mitchell and expressing the confidence
of the anthracite men in the former
national president of the union.
Union Label Shop.
A new shop managed by women for
the sale of articles made for and by
women has been opened in New York.
It is known as the Label, because each
article sold In the shop will be marked
with a label showing that the condi
tions under which it was" made are
considered fair to the employee. Miss
Elizabeth Dutcher, a Vassar graduate
and chairman of the label committee
of the Woman's Trade union; Miss
Carola Woerishoffer, a Bryn Mawr
graduate and a magazine writer Mrs.
S. M. Bridgman, secretary of the Con
sumers' league, and Miss II. C. Eck
hardt are in charge of the venture.
The object of the shop, it is stated, is
not to make money, but to make It
easy for persons interested in social
betterment to buy goods with the ap
' The Six Day Week.
The value to labor of the preserva
tion of Sunday as a day of rest is em
phasized by James Lynch, president
of the International Typographical un
ion, in one of his recent publicity let
ters, lie states that in the printing
trade, where the seven day week was
formerly in vogue and was abolished
by requiring members who were em
ployed on a seven day schedule to give
one day each week to the first obtain
able substitute, the wages for a six
day week are now In excess of the
wages formerly paid for the seven day
week. He also states that the Ger
man branch has reduced the days
from six to five, with simijar results.
President Lynch believes a movement
toward an open Sunday is a move
ment for long hours and is against
the interests of labpx.i
FOR THE CHILDREN
Fun With Problems.
"Write these problems on paper dis
tribute them among your friends and
see how many ean answer them
promptly and correctly:
First. "What two numbers multi
plied together will produce seven?
Second. How may four fives be
placed so as to make six and a ljalf ?
Third. What Is the difference be
tween twice twenty-five and twice
five and twenty?
Fourth. Divide the number fifty
into such parts that if the greater
part be divided by seven and the less
er by three to quotient in each case
will be the same.
Fifth. If you have a piece of cloth
containing fifty yards and wish to cut
Into fifty one-yard pieces, how many
days will it take you to do so if yon
cut one yard a day?
Here are the answers-:
First. The two numbers are seven
Second. The figure 5, the fraction
5-5 and the decimal fraction .5.
Third. Twice twenty-five are fifty.
Twice five and twenty are thirty..
Fourth. The two parts are thirty
five and fifteen.
Fifth. Forty-nine days not fifty
Travelers on English, roads here and
there come upon the remains of old
stone crosses, generally at no great
distance from some village or town.
In many instances the cross itself has
dpappeared, leaving only Its pedestal
with the small cavity in the top for
the shaft of the cross. At periods
when terrible epidemics have raged in
country towns these stones have been
used by the sufferers when seeking to
communicate with those free from the
disease. The practice- was as follows:
The market people placed near the
stone their different wares and re
tired to a distance, while those from
the afflicted towns came out and put
on the stone money to the value of
what they wished to take. Sometimes
this money was dropped into the cavi
ty that the rainwater, generally lying
there, might clean it. On returning
to their homes the market folk tame
again and took the payment left-for
them; hence thse remains of older
monuments have acquired the name of
Burning Black Mud.
If some one should ask you to go-dig
some mud to make a fire with you
would be more than likely to send for
a doctor and the man that takes peo
ple to the insane asylum. You know
very well that mud does not burn.
Not many hundreds of years ago peo
ple thought that some men were crazy
when they came home and said that
they had seen a fire made out of black
stones. Stones do not burn, as every
one knew, and so it was a long time
before people learned that coal is not
exactly rock, Jfust so people must
learn that there are different kinds of
mud and that some of it will burn.
The kind of mud that is in many
swamps is not much different from
half finished coal, if you can imagine
such a thing, and so some people are
going to dig it out of the swamps of
Indiana and sell it. There are many
places, especially in Europe, where this
mud, known as "peat," is used more
than anything else for making fires.
Snails Hard. to Kill.
"Do you know," said an eminent nat
uralist, "I consider a snail the great
est curiosity in the animal kingdom.
Here is a snail which you can se is
live, yet I have haTfE packed away
for fifteen years under the impression
that it was dead. This is even more
astonishing than that of the Egyptian
desert snail which came to life upon
being immersed in warm water after
it had passed four years glued to a
card in the British museum.
"Nothing seems to kill a snail except
piercing its vitals or burning it A
snail may be frozen for weeks in a
solid block of ice and be thawed out
alive. The eggs of this creature are
as hard to destroy as itself. They seem
perfectly indifferent to freezing and
have been known to prove productive
after having been shriveled up in an
oven to the semblance of grains of
Who First Made Ice Creai?
The first ice cream maker is said to
have been a French confectioner, who
prepared the dainty for the Due de
Chartres in 1774. Lord Bacon was
aware of the process of congelation
by means of snow and salt, but to
him it was a scientific fact of great
er or less interest, and he had no idea
of the delightful possibilities of this
process on various eatables. Iced
drinks and water ices were known to
the Parisian epicures a century and a
half earlier, the dainties having prob
ably come from the far east by the
hand of some traveler who had tasted
Unions Thrive Under Opposition.
Los Angeles perhaps more than any
other city of like size in the United
States has been the field in which,
bitter opposition to the existence or
growth of the trade union Idea "has
been prevalent for a long period of -years.
Twenty years ago there were
two or three trade unions in Los An
geles. Today there, are ninety-two.
Thus do the unions prosper wherever
they meet the most strenuous opposition.
Articles of Incorporation of the
LINCOLN TYPESETTING CO. .
Notice is hereby given of the incorpor
ation of the Lincoln Typesetting- Com
pany in conformity with the following
The name of this company shall be the
Lincoln Typesetting Company.
The principal place of business of this
corporation shall be Lincoln, Neb. .
The purpose of this .corporation shall
be to engage in any or all of the various
branches of the general printing business;
to own, lease or operate any or all kinds
of machinery used in the general print
ing business; and to own, lease or control
any real estate necessary to the pursuit
of ' the purposes! of this corporation.
The capital stock of this corporation
shall be 510,000 divided into 1,000 shares
of a par value of $10 each. This stock
shall be preferred stock and in voting oh
to one vote. Any such owner may, by
proxy duly filed with the secretary of
this corporation, authorize any other
matters of business, policy or manage
ment each share shall entitle its owner
stockholder to vote for him. Immediate
ly on the filing of these articles of in
corporation, the incorporators shall pro
ceed to the election of a president, vice
president and secretary-treasurer who
shall hold their respective offices for the
term of one year. The annual meeting
of the stockholders of this corporation
shall be held on the Saturday next pre
ceding the expiration of the terms of the
officers of said cornoration.
The business of this corporation shall
begin as soon as 50 per cent of the au
thorized capital stock shall nave been
subscribed. The term of the existence
of this corporation is fixed at tniriy
years from the date hereof.
The officers of this corporation PhaU be
those enumerated in section 4 of these
ar icles and their duties shall be those
ordinarily entrusted to such "'fleers
This corporation may adopt such by-,fw
for its management as a majority; of tne
stockholders shall at any time determine
at the annual meetings or at any meet
ings called by the president, no ice of
which shall have been duly served on all
The limit of indebtedness of this cor
poration shall be two-thirds of its sub
scribed capital stock. By
GEORGE MVj KLINE,
G. A. MOSSHRT.
, : Incorporators,
O. H. KLINE
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