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About The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 14, 1902)
Aug. 14, 1903
THE IIBBEACHA IITDEPEI7DEITT.
SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES
Fall Term Opens September i.
I7th& Douglas Sts
ROHRBOUGH BROS., Proprietors.
: FALL TERM Begins Sept. ist. Krw classes in all Departments. - ; ,
- COURSE OF TUiY Regular Business, Preparatory, Combined, Normal,. Civil Service.
Telesrraphv, Shorthand. Typewriting," Elocution, Oratory, Law, Physical Culture and Penmanship.
. IVOitk FOR BOA.KD. Any student will be given a place to work for board while - attend
ing the College. Write ns about it.
GENERAL INFORMATION The' College was moved into new quarters March ist.
Many additional facilities and equipments have been added. Over one" thousand students en
rolled last year. The Omaha School of Law is now connected with the College. We have a Col
lege Band, a College-Orchestra; a Literary Society, a Lecture Course, a Series of Public Entertain
ments, a Board of Trade and many other features not common to the ordinary Commercial schools
We have accommodations for over six hundred pupils at onetime. Position for graduates are
always provided. It will pay you to attend the Omaha Commercial College this year.' A Cata
logue will be sent free to any address. - Li . " : y
ROHRBOUGH BROS., Proprietors.
COURSES. Business, Shorthand, Typewriting,
and Common English.
TEACHERS. Men. of successful business ex
perience and recognized, teaching ability.
EQUIPMENTS. Excellent. . Every facility for
the rapid advancement of students. '
EXPENSES. Vary reasonable. "
Catalogue and -beautiful souvenir of Lincoln
FtfEJE. r Address. .
ADVANTAGES. 1 Individual instruction wbn
- 2 Students permitted to advance as rap
idly as ability will allow.
3 Classes for. those of limited as well as
advanced education. . '
4 Assistance rendered in securing em
; 6 All advantages of a Capital City.
LINCOLN BUSINESS COLLEGE, LINCOLN, NEB.
30 Courses Preparatory.' Normal,
Shorthand, Telegraphy, etc. Strletly
upwards for board, room, and tuition
tuition to one from each county. We
touoomiles. Fall term opens Aug,
. - Collejriate, . Business, 1 1
first-class. $8o and 1 1
48 weeks. FREE M
pay your car fare up M
.19. Catalog Free. M
The Lincoln Academy.
LINCOLN, NEBRASKA. m
PREPARES FOR COLLEGE, TECHNICAL AND PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS.
by the State Universities of Nebraska, Iowa, and six other colleges.
all specialists, college graduates, holding Master's and Doctor's degrees.
in chemical, physical and botanical apparatus. .. ,
Athletics, literary and Isocial clubs, splendid library privileges. New
modern building:. Tuition, $20 a semester.
REFERENCES. Chancellor E. B. Andrews, Hon. ;W.' J.. Bryan, Ex
Governor Poynter, Editor Nebraska Independent. .
T. M. HODGMAN, Prin. and Prop.
ASSOC. PROF. MATH., UNIV. OF NEB. '
CClCtl ChllUcothe Normal. School
OLTLil I Chiltlcpthe Commercial College
nnriT I Cnllllcothe Shorthand Collegre
lint A I ChllUcothe Telegraphy College,
AMtinrii t I ChllUcothe Pen-Art College
SnHIJlll S 1 ChllUcothe School of Oratory -
OUIIWWkU ; ChllUcothe Musical Conservatory.
Last year's enrollment 729. $13Q pays for 48
week's board, tuition, room rent, and use of text
books. .For" FREE Illustrated Catcdoy address
ALLEN MOORE, Pres., Box 21, Chillicothe. Mo
Typewrirfng, Book-lceeplng. 18 pro
fesSon. 1,00 students, 'flOO.OOOcoI-'
lege building, cheap board and
reasonable tuition. Graduates se
cure good situations. 61-page Illus
trated Catalogue F.ee. Address
D. 1m Muaaelaan, Pres.
GEM Cin BUSINESS COLLEGE,
Qulncy, ' lUlnola.
1622-24 Farnam Street
Business. Shorthand, Typewriting and English.
Students who desire it are assisted to positions to earn
board while attending. Send for catalogue. ;
The professions at all times offer in
viting fields for the ambitious young
man or woman. We often hear it said
that the professions are crowded, but
at no time in the history of the world
has there not been an actual demand
for the especially skilled inr each of
the so-called , learned professions. We
believe this to be , markedly true of
dentistry. ; A young man or woman
enters a dental college and at the close
of their college course they at : once
find themselves in possession of a
working capital which in almost any
of the towns of our state will give an
income of one, two or three hundred
dollars a month; We have within our
acquaintance a recent graduate of the
Lincoln Dental College of this city
whom we have reasons to believo
equals the largest named amount each
month. Such conditions will bear in
vestigation by those seeking to change
their calling in life. W. Clyde Davis,
M. D., D. D. S., Dean, private office;
206 Richards block.
ON'T Set Hens the Same Old Way,
ana lei uce am mem on me nest.
Tufany's Sure Death to Lice Powdtn
will kill all vermin.and your hen will bring
her brood ofTfree from lice. Tlflany'a Para
gon Lice Killer "Liquid," guaranteed to kill
all Uce and mites. Instantly kills lice on
colt, calves, and nogs. By nsing our Sprayer a very
little goes a greaU way. Penetrates all cracks. Spray
bottom of house for spider lice. It 1 a powerful duin
frctant. II per gal. can; 65c gal One gallon and
Pprayer, $1.50. Can get It free wb re no agents by a
Uttlevoxlcforw. Tax Tijtajtt Coit Lincoln, Neb.
Good farm, 1 miles to station, Fill
more county, good 8-room house," barn,
granaries, hog house, 150 acres under
cultivation; price till August 1, 1902,
$35 per acre. Anotner nearby, in
York county, at $31.25 per acre. Sev
eral very. goof fajms in Harlan, Fur
nas and Gosperl cpuntles at $12.50 jto
$15 per acre. .Lancaster county, $30 to
$67.50. Gage county, $42.50 to $45,
near Firth: Four hundred acres near
Endicott, Jefferson county, $16.50. Two
very fair farms In Hall at $22.50, Sev
eral in Buffalo, $10 to $25. Ranches,
all sizes, some for trade, in Holt, Rock
Brown, Cherry,- Sheridan, Keith.
Blaine, Custer and other Nebraska
counties. Also some very cheap prop
erty in Colorado. When writing say
what you want and how you want to
pay fpr itv LAWS & DOLAN,
THE NEW MODEL SUSPENDER
Is a new invention that promises to revolutionize
the Suspender, trade. . The 1
web is of the best quality;
the notched tips are of firm,
oak-tanned belt leather;
the fasteningsot first-class
calf, very sott and flexible.
Adjustable front and back;
they will not slip off the
shoulders or tear off but
tons. There is no metal to"
rust, break, or cut the
clothing the onlyabjust
able suspender made with
out metaL It will outwear
any suspender made. While
for men of heavy work it
has no equal on account of
material and wearing qual
ities, yet it is dressy enough
for anyone, making ita de
sirable suspender for all
classes. Less value is re
ceived in the purchase of
the ordinary suspender
than in any other item of
dress. The best js the cheapestt
. Ask your Dealer for .
, "THE NEW riODEL"
and take no other, or send 00 Cents and we
will mail you a pair postpaid. Regular lengths
31, 33 and 35 inches, special length made to order.
Give length when ordering.
All of these goods are made out of the very
best material. We believe the people will ap
preciate the value they get at these low prices.
Meserve-Edgerton Mfg. Co,,
JLINCOLN, - - - NEBRASKA.
FAT TO FAT
Kedacs yonr ' 1 i . j.
weight with nCuUCIO
. Beduce your fat and be refined. Kcflne your
fat and be reduced. "Reducto" Is a perfectly
harmless vegetable compound endorsed by
thousands of physicians and people who have
tried lfc We send you the Formula, you make
."Keducto" at home if you desire, you know
full well the ingredients and therefor need
have no fear of evil effects. Send $1.00 for re
ceipt and Instructions everything mailed In
plain envelope. Address ,
Ginseng Chemical Co.,
3701 S. Jefferson At., St, Louis, Mo
. Wanted For U. S. Army.
Able-bodied unmarried men between
ages of 21 and 35, .citizens of United
States, " of - good character and- tem
perate habits who can speak, read and
write English. For information apply
to Recruiting Officers, Postofnce Build
ing, Lincoln, Neb., or 16th and , Dodge
sts., Omaha, Neb. .. .
GREATLY REDUCED RATES
Half Rates Round Trip (Plus $2.00) to
Sandusky, Columbus, Toledo, Cincin
nati, Indianapolis, Louisville and
many points in Illinois, Indiana, Ohio
and Kentucky 'Tickets sold Sep
tember 2, 9, 16, 23.
Less than half rates to Washington, D.
C. and return. Tickets sold October
Half Rates, Round Trip, to Buffalo, To
ronto, Niagara Falls, Pittsburg, De
troit, Cleveland, Columbus and many
points in . Michigan, Indiana, Ohio,
Pennsylvania, West Virginia and Ken-
" tucky. Tickets sold October 2, 3, 4, 5.
Half Rates Boston, Mass., and return.
Sold Oct. 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10. Long lim
its and stopovers allowed at Niagara
Falls and Detroit on above tickets.
For rates and all information call at Wabash
New City Office, 1601 Farnam St., or write
Harry . Moores, Qeml Agent, Passenger Dept.,
We will send the value of ore dol
lar and ten cents ($1.10) in booklet,
containing twenty-seven pen and ink
photo-reduced sketches of ' Washing
ton life by mail for ten cents (cash or
stamps). . Queen Victoria knighted Sir
John Tenniel for similar artistic work
in London. (Your editor has sample
of this.) " ' ' ,
NUTSHELL PUBLISHING' CO.,
1055 Third' Ave., New York
1 876-1 90 1
A Comparison, of These Tears With Kaveh.
Other and With 1874 Have the Ball,
roads Escaped Paying Their
Share of Taxes
(Reprinted to correct error in issue
of July 31.)
"Based upon present assessed val
uation of all property we will increase
the assessed valuation or tne railroad
property of this state from 26 millions
10 at least 40 millions of dollars."-?
Populist state platform, adopted at
Grand Island, Neb., June 24, 1902.
In order that there might be no mis
understanding as to the position of tha
populist party on the question of how
much the assessed valuation of ths
railroads should be raised, this plank
states . specifically , the . minimum
amount which the fusion state board
cf equalization will say the railroads
of' Nebraska are worth for purposes of
taxation. The republican plank is real
ly meaningless. It can be construed
to suit the wishes of the railroad man
agers and it will be if the republican
state ticket is elected. Doubtless a
slight raise would be made say a hun
dred thousand dollars or such matter
but the populist plank declares that
the assessment should be raised sub
stantially 50 per cent, or one-half
greater than it is today.
Our former comparisons were with
the years . 1874, 1875, and 1901. As
soon as the board of equalization fin
ishes making the levy for J902, every
thing will be brought down to ' the
The grand assessment roll of 1874,
consolidated to make but four Items,
Js as follows:
11,000,579.5 acres at $3.91. $43,004,800.01
City and village lots . 9,941,809.00
1,107.69 miles railroad at
Personal property. 16,624,320.76
Total '.. $80,754,044.17
The grand assessment roll for 1876,
similarly consolidated, is as follows:
11,625,763.44 acres at $3.49$40,589,284.99
City and village lots.... 9,434,420.7$
1,115.467 miles railroad at
Personal property... 16,026,117.24
r e e (
The grand, assessment roll of 1901
is as follows:
32.207,201 acres at $2.47. .$79,675,195.00
City and village lots 34,188,950.00
5,706.32 miles railroad at
Personal property. 33,852,218.19
" Total ' :
. . . . .
..... . 19 3
Now, let us first see what happened
in 1876 aa compared to 1874. We find
Acres Increased 625,183.94, or 5.7 per
But the assessed valuation DE
CREASED $2,415,515.02, or 5.6 per cent.
It is very evident that the assessors
were doing their best to crowd down
the valuation of lands.
Assessed valuation per acre de
creased 42 cents in the two years, or
10.7 per cent.
However, in the two years the rail -road
mileage increased only 7 777
miles (less than eight), or seven-tenths
of 1 per cent.
And the state board .DECREASED
the assessedKvaluation $2,168,408.23. or
19.4 per cent.
The assessed valuation of each mile
of road was decreased $2,014.34, or
slightly less than 20 per cent (19.95
plus to be exact).
Now, it is evident that the railroads
got the best of tie crowding down pro
cess in 1876. Each acie of land was
assessed on the average at nearly 11
per cent less than in 1874; but each
mile of railroad escaped with a valua
tion nearly 20 per cent less than In
1874. If the railroad valuation had
been decreased exactly in proportion
with lands (at 10.7 per cent decline),
the railroad assessment of-1876 woui-1
have been $10,056,537.75
It actually was 9,014,706.17
A tax shirking on, ......$ 1,041,831.58
Suppose, however, we assume that
the assessment of-1874 was unjust to
the railroads and that the assessment
of 1876 was an attempt to correct ths
injustice what can we say of the as
sessment of 1901, made by the present
republican board? We find that
Acres increased 21,581,437.56, or 189
per cent in other words, the average
nearly trebled in the 25 years.
The assessed valuation, however, In
creased only $39,085,910.01, or 96.3 per
cent that is, did not quite double In
The assessed valuation of each acre
decreased $1.02, or 29.2 per cent.
But, in the 25 years, the railroads
increased 4,590,855 miles, or 411.6 per
cent; that is to say, tner were more
than Ave times as many miles of rail
road In 1901 as there trere in 1876.
Yet the total assessed valuation did
not quite treble; it increased $17,418,
C26.13, or 193.2 per cent..
The valuation per mile decreased $3,
451.12, or 42.7 per cent, ,
;Now, if it Is admitted that the rail
road assessment of 1876 was fair, what
shall we say for that of 1901? If the
assessed valuation of each mile of rail
road had been made on the same basis
of decrease as lands per acre (29.2 per
cent), the railroad assessment of 1901
would have been . r. $32,650,090.84
It actually was.......... 26.422,732.30
A tax shirking on . . ......$ 6,227,358.54
We know that the eleven 'million
For over sixty years Mrs. Winslow'
Soothing Syrup, har been used by
mothers for their children while teeth
ing. Are you disturbed at night and
broken of your rest by a sick child
suffering and crying with pain of Cut
ting Teeth? If so send at once and
get a bottle of "Mrs. Winslow'a Sooth
ing Syrup"' for. Children Teething. Its
value is Incalculable. ; It' will s relieve
the poor little . sufferer immediately.
Depend upon it, mothers, there is ,no
mistake about it. It cures diarrhoea,
regulates the . stomach and bowels,
cures wind colic, softens the gums, re
duces Inflammation; and gives tone
and energy to the whole system. 'Mrs.
Winslow's Soothing: Syrup" for, chil
dren teething is pleasant to the taste
and Is the prescription of . one of the
oldest and best female physicians and
nurses In the United States, and Is for
sale by all druggists throughout the
world. Price, 25 cents a , bottle. Be
sure and ask for "Mrs. Winslow's
teres 'of farm lands assessed in 1876
were located in the best part of No
br&3ka; and that the thirty-two mil
lions in 1901 embrace a large amount
of Ir:di In western Nebraska. It is
difficult to say just how much has been
the increase in actual value of an av
erage acre of Nebraska land since
1876, but it is certainly safe to say
that the Increase . is relatively no
greater than the ; Increase in actual
value of an average mile of railroad.
Of course, it is cheaper to build rail
roads today, but we must look to earn
ing capacity ' as our basis of value;
and when this is; considered, the rail
roads of Nebraska have certainly kept
pace with lands in actual value. Yet
in assessed valuation they have de
clined nearly 43 per cent, while farm
lands have declined only 29 per cent.
It the assessment of 1901 was fair, the
railroads have for years been fearful
ly imposed upon. ,
Is It Just? 5
"Is It just," asks Mr. Hardy in his
column this v-eek,"to make railroads
reduce their rates of freight and pas
senger fare and at the same time make
them pay more taxes and higher wages
to their men?" That depends upon
circumstances. If the roads are capi
talized far in excess of what it cost
to build and equip them, and if they
are earning any paying interest upon
this excessive capitalization, that is
prima acie evidence that rates are
too high and taxes too low. Govern
ment has nothing; to "-do with deter
mining the rate of wages specifically;
that is to say, that Engineer Doe shall
receive 3 ' cents per mile run, or 2
cents, or any other amount.
A railroad is not a private business
like Mr. Hardy's furniture store. The
governmental function of eminent do
main was exercised to secure the right
of way. Theoretically the government
has no right to take private property
except for public, use, and compensa
tion must always be made: Of course
the right of way is paid for, and fre
quently at what inight be thought
fancy prices; but that has nothing to
do with the principle of eminent do
main. The mere f&ct that private
property can be taken" "Willy hilly" at
the outset proves that a railroad is
not a private business, Mr. Hardy's
furniture store was . secured by busi
ness negotiations with the other fel
low, but at no stage : of the. proceed
ings was . he able to secure the loca
tion by invoking the aid of goverri
ment unless the other fellow had done
something which coiild.be construed as
Of course a railroad is not wholly a
public business and, populists are in
sistent in their demands that it shall
be. It is commonly known as a "quasi
public"; corporation a sort of non
descript institution, ' half public, half
private. Public, when it comes to se
curing its location yi private, when it
comes to gathering in the shekels
Now, If we consent to the manifestly
wrong act of taking private property
for private use (and that is what the
exercise of eminent . domain amounts
to in railroad business), it is only with
the understanding that the private
beneficiaries shall have no more than a
fair return upon what they actually
invest. They are not entitled to a
fair return upon the increasing value
of their property, as is the owner of a
business really private in all its de
tails. ?And this for the good reason
that the property would never rise in
value above the original investment
unless exorbitant rates were charged.
To illustrate: Suppose that it costs
a hundred thousand dollars to build
arid equip a given line of road, and for
several years hereafter the current
rate of Interest is 6 per cent. If the
rates are so adjusted as to pay all
operating expenses, enough to keep the
road in as good condition as when
first built, pay the taxes, and have left
$6,000 to be paid the stockholders in
dividends, then the stockholders and
the "public are treated equitably. Car
ry this forward ten years. Business
along the line has .increased so that
the rates bring In a net return of $12,
000 after paying the increased operat
ing expenses, repairs, .etc; but the
current rate of interest has fallen 'to
5 per cent, Owing to the peculiarity
of the business, its "quasi-public''
character, the stockholders are entitled
to only $5,000 a year In dividends in
stead of $12,000. They know that,
even if the public does not; and so,
instead of reducing rates, they vote
to Increase the capital stock to $240,
000. They inject $140,000 of "water"
into the business and draw 5 per cent
interest on It. And Mr. Hardy in
quires if it is just to ask these stock
holders to pay higher taxes and ac
cept lower rates? :
His reference to what the state of
Montana has done in the way of in
creasing taxes nearly a million dol
lars, and thereby ; frightening away
several roads about to be built, is best
answered by quoting his concluding
sentence: "There are many miles of
road through wild, rough country, that
would not sell alone for what the iron
cost." If that, Is true, why encourage
the building of more miles of such
road? C. Q. DE FRANCE.
The readers of The. Independent are
invited to read the advertising of H.
Herpolshelmer Co., which appears
with considerable regularity In its col
umns. This firm is one of the largest
mail order houses in the state and nas
one of the largest and finest stores in
Lincoln. It is as safe to buy goods
from them by mail as over the coun-j
THE FIRST DISTRICT
Calls for Congressional Conventions at
Falls Cltj Lancaster County
- De leg-ate s
PEOPLE'S INDEPENDENT CON
Notice Is hereby given that a dele
gate convention of the populist party
of the First congressional district of
Nebraska will be held at Falls City,
Neb:, on Monday, August 18, 1902, at
3 o'clock p. m., for the purpose of
placing In nomination a candidate for
the office of congressman of the First
congressional district. The number
of delegates apportioned to each coun
ty in said district is based upon the
vote given to Hon. W. A. Poynter for
the office of governor at the general
election held in 1900. The apportion
ment is as follows:
Cass 24, Lancaster 50, Nemaha 10,
Richardson 20, Johnson 13, Otoe 24,
Pawnee 14; total, 174.
J. Y. M. SWIGART,
Notice is hereby given that a delegate-
convention of the democratic
party of Nebraska will be held at Falls
City, Neb., on Monday, August 18,
1902, at 3 o'clock p. m.; for the pur
pose of placing in nomination a can
didate for the office of congressman
of the First congressional district.
The number of delegates apportioned
to each county in said district is based
upon the vote given to Hon. W. D.
Oldham for the office of attorney gen
eral at the general election held in
1900. The apportionment is as fol
Cass 24, Lancaster 56, Nemaha 10,
Richardson 26, Johnson 13, Otoe 24,
Pawnee 12; total, 174.
' . T. J. GIST,
Chairman, pro tem.
The following is a list of delegates
to the populist congressional conven
tion at Falls City on Monday, August
18, from Lancaster county: W. A.
Poynter, George W. Berge, A: H.
Wier, Charles Q. De France, A. E.
Sheldon, J. C. McNerney, Frederick
Shepherd, J. Y. M. Swigart, Guy E.
Hathaway, F. J. Jonas, Patrick Ma
loy, August Hagenow, Horace F.
Bishop, O. ,W. Meyer, C. G. Bullock,
N. Eberly, J. R. Day, J. M. Thomp
son, A. Wanmer, F. D. Eager, Dr.
E. A. Carr. H. E. Dawes, T. D. Mol
ton, J. M. Day, Leander , Westgate,
Arnold Egger, J. J. Meyer, Dr. A.
P. Ferguson, Jerry Shea, John O'Con
nell, E. E. Smith, Isaac Hogue, W. D.
McLaughlin, H. L. West, R. Dailey.
J. V. Wolfe, Eugene Munn, J. G. Neff,
Charles Williams, R. T. Chambers,
Levi Wilhelm, J. L. Burkey, P. F.
Brophy, John Holenquest, William
Foster, Dr. Demaree, C. W. Leach, S.
R. Hall, J. W. Herter, J. H. Churyea,
Owsley Wilson. Hiram Duling, J. F.
Hay, Ed Deitch, Clint Foster. '
The following are the democratic
delegates to the congressional . con
vention for the First district to be
held at Falls City, August 18. 1902:
T. J. Doyle,. P. L. Hall, A. S, Tlb
betts, Wm. Schroeder, T. D. Worrall,
Wm., McLaughlin, 'H. F. Rockey, Gen.
Victor Vifquaint t Robert Malone,1 W.
B. Price, Jacob North, T. J. Hensley,
A. V. Johnson, I. H. Hatfield, W. H.
Ungles, A. E. Lindell, G. E. Hibner,
Jas. Manahan. S. S. Whiting, F. W.
Brown, P; H. Cooper, C. S. Jones, Paul
Holm. Wm. M. Morning, O. W. Palm,
J. L. Teeters, John Carr, H. M. Leavitt,
J. H. Broady, J. R. Day, Chas. Branch,
Ed. Friend. L. F. Zeiger. Ralph White
head, J. H. Harley, Will Love, John
Keenan, J. H. Becker, W. .B. Hester,
W. J. D. Counts. P. Barton, J. E. Da
vey, J. G. P. Hildebrand, John Wels
man, A. D. Grow. Ed. Healy, Lee New
ton, P. O'Donnell, Cyrus Black, Henry
Schultz, J. J. Reitz, H. C. Worthing
ton. A. Meese, H. W. Smith, M. D.
Tiffany, E. .A. Snyder.
A High Taxed Road.
Among the late bulletins "Issued
under authority of the railroads of Ne
braska" Is one which states that the
K. C. & O. railroad, recently absorbed
by the Q system, Is the highest taxed
road in the United States. The bulle
tin attempts to show the great loss sus
tained by the promoters of the road;
but now comes the York Democrat and
urges a suit to declare certain bonds
null and void bonds which were is
sued to the K. C. & O. promoters in
consideration of certain things the
road agreed to do but has failed to
do. It seems that bonds were voted
by Henderson, Hayes, McFadden, Le
roy, Lockridge and Morton townships
and by the city of York, in the total
sum. of about $132,000, counting both
principal and interest; that about $54,
000 in interest has already been paid
and that there is still to be paid some
$78,000 In principal and interest, un
less action be taken to stop further
payment The sinking fund has now
about $45,000 already raised. 1
The Democrat urges a suit In equity
to declare the bonds void, inasmuch as
the K. C-& O. has not kept its prom
ises and has been merged into the sys
tem against which it' was expected to
compete. The K. C. & O. promoters
haven't lost anything yet on their
"high-iaxed" road, but somebody may
if Dan and George Corcoran can rouse
the natives of York county sufficiently
to get them to go into court to protect
Make the Argument Plain
There is no use shooting over the
heads of the people in discussing the
tax question. Bring it down to indi
vidual cases and then it" can better
be comprehended. Two weeks ago we
noted the fact that O'Neill town prop
erty some of It is assessed for taxa
tion at 20 to 34 per cent of its value.
Assuming ; that the assessment aver
ages only 18 per cent of the value,
then since the railways are taxed on
9 per cent of value, their tax should
be doubled to make it equal the rate
paid by O'Neill property holders.
The farms of Harlan county pay on
16 per cent of real value and since
the railways pay on 9 per cent, it fol
lows that their valuation or tax should
be raised seven-ninths to make Its
valuation ! the rate of valuation used
in Harlan county for the farmers.
The farms of Gage county are esti
mated by the county treasurer to be
assessed on a trifle over 10 per cenf.
of value.' Therefore, the railway tax
should be raised one-ninth to make it
equal the rate used for Gage county
farms.;1: -.vVv " --
The cityproperty of Beatrice, how
ever, pays on a higher valuation. The
Paddock hotel is worth about $60,000
(although it cost more in boom days),
and is assessed at $9,200ror about; 15
per cent of value. Two residence
places taken, as averages were found
to be assessed at 16 and 20 per cent,
respectively. Suppose that the city
property pays oh. an average of 17 per
cent of value, then if we would equal
ize taxes as between the citizens 1 of
Beatrice and the railroads, the latter
valuations would need , to be raised
eight-ninths "to make them equal the
rate on which Beatrice citizens pay. .
Follow this plan in every county
yes, in every town, village and town
shipand then the masses of the peo
ple can clearly comprehend the com
parisons; Prof. C. Vincent in Central
Farmer. - -vv "... "
The Independent " believes that the
railroad assessment this year is much
nearer 8 r per cent than 9, and this
would make some changes in the calculations.-
It is - well to make ' local
comparisons with the particular road
which runs through. For example,
the "main line" of the Q system : is
taxed on about 4 per cent of its actual
value, although it is the highest as
sessed line in the state $10,580 per
mile. Its net earnings last year were
over $13,000 per mile, and at a 5 per
cent capitalization it is worth $260,000
a mile. In other words, the way the
bookkeeping is manipulated that road
gets the lion's share of the earnings
and they are great enough to pay 5
per cent return on a valuation of $260,
000 a mile.. '
The Tax Question
The just - taxation of corporation
property is the paramount issue in the
state election this year, the republi
cans generally . contending that rail
road and other corporatlou assess
ments are now high enough or too
high, while the fusionlsts demand a
higher valuation on this class of prop
erty. The discussion so far has been
confined chiefly to this phase of the
question, but gradually It will broaden
out until the whole problem of taxa
tion of, all property will be consid
ered. . '
This Important matter should re
ceive the undivided attention of the
people of the state and of the next
legislature until it is adjusted in an
equitable manner, The railroads are
not the only tax-dodgers by any
means. In this county, and probably
in others as well, there are men who
spend their entire time at leisure and
at ease, never working a day so far
as anybody knows, and are reputed
to have thousands of dollars In bank
and at,interest yeUihelr assessment
schedules show them to be worth only
$12 or $15, and that invested in house
hold furniture! ; What these leaches
live on is a deep rqy.stery, but per
haps the balmy air of Nebraska or
the feast of glory from past" honors
is sufficient to' keep them and their
The taxation question should - be
carefully studied by. all. Those who
pay the most taxes are the ones who
should be most deeply interested, as an
equitable taxation of. all" property will
result in lessening the taxes of those
who already give a full and complete
report of their property to the as
sessors. Clay-County Patriot.
The Patriot Is right in saying that
"the taxation question should be care
fully studied by all," but that "those
who pay the most taxes are the ones
who should be most deeply Inter
ested," The Independent is not ready
to sanction. . Equitable taxation is not
a question of who pays the most or
least, but wheiher "every person and
corporation pays a tax. In proportion
to the value of his, her or its property
and franchises. " The small taxpayer
has just as great an Interest In the
matter as the largest. The chances
are that the man who pays $10 a year
In taxes pays more proportionately
than the one who pays $1,000 taxes.
The prime idea in all this tax bureau
stuff now being printed in the papers
of Nebraska ?'under authority of the
railroads of Nebraska," is to bluff the
small taxpayer " by sayln (in effect
though not in words); "We pay more
than a million dollars taxes in Ne
braska what do you pay?" And the
little fellow shrinks back and feel3
that after all he must be mistaken.
A Different Ox
Henry W. Yates, an Omaha banker,
is said to be alarmed at the prospect
of the passage of the Fowler banking
bill, by which a New York banking
syndicate-- will be enabled to start
branch banks over the United States
and force local bankers out of busi
ness; but just how far the people who
were in distress in 1896 and asked Mr.
Yates to help them, will sympathize
with him in his distress remains to be
seen. With Henry ;W. it makes a dif
ference whose ox is gored. Senator
Allen, in Madison Mall.
Better Saw Wood x- "
The Pawnee Republican "Hoorays
for Helen Gougar" because she threat
ens to sue the populist state commit
tee for a sum. of money alleged to be
due her (for political services. Let's
see. We believe. Millard DeBord's ac
count against . the . local republican
committee for services rendered a few
years ago at .-the Kearney state con
vention has not been paid nor is It out
lawed and he gave a better "song and
dance" than Helen is now putting up
for republicans. The poor old journal
down the street will now "hooray"
'tother way and saw wood. Fred and
Will Hassler, in Pawnee Press.
t in TO Vr Vl
At afi sVug stares.
2S Dears 25.
Biggest in Years!
Nebraska State Fair.
Liccla Spt 1st to
104 in n st
We say "Roy's" drug store as a
matter of fact It is EVERYBODY'S
drug store almost. Roy only con
ducts it, buys and keeps to sell Jie
goods, and meet and force' competition.
Our patrons do the rest. We want to
remind you of seasonable goods, vis:
Garden Seeds, Condlti - Powders, Lice
Killers, B. B. Poison, Kalaomln.
Paints, Oils, Varnishes, etc. .
Wo make a specialty of all kinds of
Stock and Poultry Foods, etc Don't
Roys' 1 04 No I Oth
FREEZE OUT SALE!
It is impossible for us to get a lease on
our present quarters at any price and we
are forced out of business.
We intend to make competition so
strong while we remain in business, that
every one in the state will remember the
Freeze Out Sale.
Here is a corporal's guard of prices
selected from a regiment of bargains:
50c Kermott's Swamp Root...i ....29o
50c Hall's Herbs . . 17o
$1 Temptation Tonic .............. 59o
f 1 Seal's- Hair Tonic 50o
Stock Foods, Heavy Drugs, Lubricat
ingOils,33fr off. Peruna, Miles, Celery
Compound, S. S. S., Pinkhims 61c
each II bottles. - " t .
Keep your eye on this space for bar
gains. , ;
i2th and 0--Funke Opera House.
Specially suited for home csnnen. Mil
lions of cans are put up every soasoo tr
fanner with these machines. YOU CAN
IX) IT and make money out of the ur
plus crop. CIKCULAK FREE.
3-M. FOEBG, MERIDIAN, MISS.
Nye & Buchanan Co.,
SOUTH . OMAHA, NEBRASKA.
Best possible service in all depart
ments. Write or wire us for markets
or other information.
Long distance Telephone 2305
fill rO Fistula, Fissure, all Rectal
V 1 1 k V Diseases radically and per
ILLiV manently cured in a few
weeks without the knife, cutting, liga
ture or caustics, and without pain or
detention from business. Particulars
of our treatment and sample mailed
. Mr. W. G. McDaniel railway engi
neer, writes: Hermit Remedy Co.
Dear Sirs: I have doctored for bleed
ing and. protruding, piles for. .fifteen
years, the trouble becoming worse as
time went on, until I was laid up sick
in. bed not able to attend to. my. du
ties. My wife came to your office to
get treatment, one Saturday, the fol
lowing Monday I was able to go to
work, and in thirty days I was com
pletely cured without the loss of an
hour's time. Several doctors told m 3
that nothing but an operation would
relieve, and I think the cure in my
case, in so short a time,, is wonderful
indeed, and , is most gratefully ac
knowledged. Very truly yours, W. O.
McDaniel, 367 Milwaukee ave., Chi
cago. We have hundreds of similar testi
monials of cures in desperate cases
from grateful patients who had tried
many cure-alls, doctors' treatment,
and different methods of operation
Ninety per cent of the people we
treat come to us from one telling the
other. You canhave a trial sample
mailed free by writing, us full partic
ulars of your case. Address Hermit
Remedy ' Co., Suite 738. Adams Ex
press Building, Chicago, 111.
Low Round Trip Rates Via Union
Pacific, From Missouri Rivet
To Denver, Colorado Springs,
nn and Pueblo,Colo.,Augl. to 14,
23 to 24, and 30 to 31, inclusive.
To Denver, Colorado Springs,
C I 0 fid anc Pueblo Colo., July 14 to
0 I UiUU 31, inclusive, August 15 to 22,
and 25 to 59, inclusive.
ny)To Salt Lake City, and Ogden,
OZUiUU Utah, August 1 to 14, inclusive
To Glen wood Springs,' Colo.,
S5 (ID Aug. 1 to 14, 23 to 24 and 30 to
vtw,uu 31 inclusive.
To Salt Lake City and Ogden,
COn nn Utah, August 23 to 24, and 30
gOUiUU to 31. inclusive.
... nn To Glenwood Springs, Cola,
S3 1 nil Jul 14 to 31 inclusive, Aug.
t 15 to 22 and 25 to 29, inclusive
To Salt Lake City and Ogden,
COO nn Utah, July 14 to 31, inclusive,
0 OZiUU August 15 to 22, and 25 to 29,
Cl K nn an Francisco, or Los An
p'tUiUU geles, CaL, July 29 and August
, 2 to 10, inclusive. .
Full information cheerfully furnished on
application to E. B. SLOSSEN, Agent,
Lincoln, Nebraska. -
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