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About The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902 | View Entire Issue (May 15, 1902)
May 15, 1902
TEE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT.
The State Press
The Hon. Charles Wooster of Mer
rick is engaged in a joint debate with
Uncle George Wells of the Central City
Democrat over the Meserve matter.
If tho honorable Charles would study
the treasurer's report of 1898 he could
see exactly the amount of money Bart
ley turned over to Meserve.
Horace M. Davis of the Greeley
Leader-Indpendent claims to have a
card up his sleeve on the Sixth district
congressional nomination. He's for a
democrat f r governor, but accepts Dr.
C. E. Coffin of Ord as second choice.
Col. C. J. Bowlby of the Crete Dem
ocrat, in answer to the Nebraska City
News' question: "Well, what is the
matter with General Victor Vifquain
(for governor)?" says, "He's all right;
but we do not believe he has any show
for the nomination. Smyth has the
support of nearly every anti-trust
voter in the state either as a first or
R. O. Adams of the Grand Island
Democrat believes D. J. Koenigstein
(the Norfolk Times-Tribune's candi
date for governor) is certainly worthy
E. A. Walrath of the Polk County
Democrat, Osceola, thinks "W. L.
Stark for governor will poll more
votes than any other man at the pres
ent time. No other man in the state,
in our opinion, can poll as many votes
as did Silas Holcomb but our own
Stark." But Bowlby of the Crete Dem
ocrat and Wahlquist of the Adams
County Democrat believe Stark is the
only man to win in the Fourth for con
gress. Alfred Pont of the Stanton Register
observes that "John C. Sprecher is
not being fought by any fusion paper
in the state" and believes that Sprech
er will do more than any other candi
date to promote unity and harmony
among the fusion forces. Most of the
third district papers are whooping it
up for Sprecher.
J. P. Hale of the Red Cloud Nation
says. "Dr. Robert Damerell, in our
opinion, will be the next governor of
Nebraska. He is our own choice of a
man who, if elected, will make the
best governor Nebraska ever had."
Col. Edgah Howahd of the Columbus
Telegram has changed his tactics
slightly and Is now writing para
graphs for reproduction in his own
party papers. Most of the time he
writes that the republican papers "will
please copy." "Stay with 'em, boys,"
is his latest slogan, "and make the
nominee for governor a democrat of
the Smyth or Vifquain stamp. Let's
make the best fight there is in us. If
we lose, then let us be ready to grace
fully accept the leadership of some
good and clean pop, like a Sutherland
or a Sprecher." Good for Ed.
The Third district congressional
nomination seems to have developed
some misunderstandings. Moseley
Warner of the Lyons Mirror brought
out the name of R. A. Tawney of
Pierce, and a number of the Third
district papers took up the cry In
good earnest. Afterward a report got
circulated that Tawney refuses to ac
cept. "Tawney hasn't pulled out of
the race," Warner tells Mark Murray
of the Pender Times, "why don't some
of you democrats look up matters be
fore you commit yourselves? Senator
Allen's Madison Mail can also spend
some of its time looking up."
R. D. Kelly of the Fremont Leader
Is determined that Congressman Rob
inson shall not forget that he ousted
Maxwell on the plea of taking turns,
and notes that Tawney is mentioned
and suggests that "Sprecher has been
a standing candidate."
The Sixth district congressional
fight lines up with R. L. Miller of Bur
well backed by the Mascot of that
place, his former paper; Judge W. H.
Westovcr of Rushville backed by the
Holt County Independent; the St. Paul
honograph-Press favoring either
Judge Homer M. Sullivan of Broken
Bow or Mike Harrington of O'Neill;
and the Greeley Citizen favoring Gen.
P. H. Barry of Greeley.
Jason L. Claflin of the Ord Journal
devotes over a column in supporting
Dr. C. E. Coffin for governor. And C.
B. Sprague of the Blair Republican
"fully indorses Dr. Coffin's candi
dacy." The Greeley Citizen, however,
wants Coffin for auditor.
Between the lines one can read that
Edwin S. Eves of the Holt County In
dependent would be glad to announce
that M. F. Harrington would accept
the nomination for governor. The
question Is. Will MUve accept? The
Ewing Advocate and Boyd County
Register are both enthusiastic for Har
rington. Mr. Eves believes the nomi
nee should be a populist, although he
concedes that it "would certainly he
hard for any fusioni3t to cast a vote
In convention or at the polls against
Billy Thompson (of Grand Island)."
R. S. Scofield of the Loup County
News remarks that "G. W. Berge of
Lincoln is frequently mentioned as
the proper man for the fuslonlsts to
nominate for governor. He would suit
all sections of the state and would
make big inroads on the B. & M. vote
at the state capital."
D. Livingston of the Lawrence Loco
motive quotes with approval from the
Nelson Sun, which takes occasion to
defend R. D. Sutherland against the
fight being made upon him by Col.
Lyon of the recently Hannaized Her
ald. J. H. Dundas of the Auburn Gran
ger evidently never acted as chairman
of the state committee. Here is the
proof: "This would be a good time
for the several political parties to
set about raising campaign, or cor
ruption funds. A tax of $1 per head
on every fellow who is anxious for
the nomination for governor, or for
congress, would raise a fund sufficient
to conduct a rousing campaign and
raise Texas generally." It Is true that
the suggested tax would raise a com
fortable fund if it were paid. But
Bro. Dundas has been so busy with re
ligion and historical matters the past
several years, he probably doesn't
know that populists are getting "very
near," as the Scotchman would say.
Without a dollar in the committee
treasury, yet with over $1,600 unpaid
on last year's business, the outlook
for raising a "campaign, or corruption
fund," as Bro. Dundas puts it, it not
Nebraska .' republican state conven-:
tion, Lincoln, June 18.
Nebraska populist state convention,
Grand Island, June 24.
Nebraska democratic state conven
tion, Grand Island, June 24.
First district republican congres
sional, Lincoln, May 27.
Fourth district .republican congres
sional, Beatrice, June 16.
Fifth district republican congres
sional, Hastings, June 10. ;
Kansas democratic state, Wichita,
Kansas populist state, Topeka,
South Dakota populist state, Huron,
Sixth congressional, democratic;
Kearney, July 9.
Sixth congressional, populist,' Kear
ney, July 9.
NEBRASKA COUNTY CONVEN
TIONS. Harlan, republican, at Orleans, June
6; nominating. . - .
Red Willow, republican, at McCook,
May 24; nominating.
Pawnee, republican, Pawnee City,
Burt, republican, Oakland, May 19.
York, democratic, York, June 14.
York, populist, York, June 14.
Fillmore, republican, Geneva, May
Knox, republican, Center, June 7.
Madison, republican, was held at
Battle Creek, Wednesday, May 7; dele
gates selected to state convention. In
structed for W. M. Robertson for governor.
Cass county, democratic, at Platts
mouth, May 17.
Hall county, populist, at Grand Isl
and, May 17.
Hall county, democratic, at Grand
Island, May 17.
Fifth congressional district, demo
cratic, Holdrege, May 17.
Fifth congressional district, pop
ulist, Holdrege, May 17.
Hitchcock county, republican, Tren
ton, May 17.
Hayes county, democratic, Hayes
Center, May 24.
Two bills which were introduced at
the last session of the legislature by
Mr. Taylor of Custer county deserve
notice at this time because there will
doubtless be an effort to introduce
them again at the next session. These
are house roll No. 428 and No. 430 of
the 27th session.
No. 428 disqualifies any person for
serving as a petit juror if within a
year previous to the time of his be
ing offered as a juror he has received
or used free railroad transportation.
No. 430 disqualifies a judge or justice
from sitting in a case when he shall
have received or used free transporta
tion, unless by mutual consent of the
parties to be made In writing and
made a part of the records, the disabil
ity is waived.
The Independent understands that
these bills were drawn up by Judge
Ames and W. B. Price and were intro
duced by Mr. Taylor who believed
thoroughly in the justice of making
such provisions as the .bills call for.
The republicans of Lancaster coun
ty seem to be having a monkey and
parrot time over the question whether
the so-called Lincoln system of mak
ing nominations shall be extended to
the country at large.
A meeting of the Third ward repub
licans was held at the Grand hotel last
Thursday night, but it afterwards de
veloped that it was simply a meeting
of the friends of Mayor Winnett who
are booming him for the state senate.
About one hundred persons were pres
ent, but after considerable jangling
the chairman announced that he would
rule that it was a meeting of Mayor
Winnett's friends and he asked all not
in favor of hi3 candidacy to retire.
Whereupon Joe Burns and George
Moore and some thirty-six other re
publicans withdrew. Joe is a candi
date himself for the senate and an
interesting fight is brewing.
Attorney J. H. Mcintosh, of Omaha,
who was so successful with the cor
porations in the Omaha tax case, Is
proving himself to be thoroughly ac
quainted with the true rule for assess
ing public service corporations. Dur
ing the meeting of the board of equali
zation Mr. Mount objected to any tes
timony relative to the value of cor
porate stocks and bonds for the pur
pose of ascertaining the value of cor
poration franchises. In his opinion if
the board was going to assess a set of
harness the inquiry would be and
should be what will it cost to produce
the harness. "What does it cost to
produce a franchise?" asked Mr. Mc
intosh, and Mount subsided. That
was a home thrust; it costs municipal
corporations considerable to produce
a franchise. Mr. Mount did not care
to give any information on that line.
The debating team of the Nebraska
university has won the championship
of the middle west, scoring three vic
tories to balance last year's three de
feats. The last debate was held at Co
lumbia, Mo., Messrs. G. P. Craft, C. C.
North and W. Frederick Meier appear
ing for Nebraska. The Nebraskans
seem capable of debating on all sides
of a question. They defeated Colorado
a month ago on the affirmative side of
the Municipalization of Street Rail
ways for American Cities; but against
Missouri they took the negative and
won with equal ease.
Complying with a writ of mandamus
Issued by the supreme court In the
Omaha tax case, the city . council of
Omaha, sitting as a board of equaliza
tion, has determined to raise the as
sessment of the Nebraska Telephone
company from $109,310 to $175,000;
the assessment of the New Omaha
ThomsonrHouston Electric Light com
pany from $117,500 to $175,000. The
officers of the other public service
corporations ' intend to fight an in
crease in their assessments and as
The Independent predicted some time
ago they will doubtless go into fed
eral court and ask an injunction
against raising the assessment or in
any event enjoin, the collection of the
taxes. ... , - . , ; '; "-, ;' I
The raise In assessment of the two
corporations named is the result of
compromise between the real estate
exchange and these corporations. The
figures on the electric light assess
ment were arrived at in this way:
Preferred 1 stock and - bonds, $605,000 ;
deduct $100,000 for South Omaha plant
and $75,000 for real estate already as
sessed; balance $430,000, 40 per cent,
$172,000 which represents the value of
the light company's personal property
and franchise. This was fixed at $175,
000 to make even money. The tele
phone company assessment was fig
ured as follows: Value of personal
property, $121,000; value of franchise,
$54,000; totals $175,000. This makes
about 40 per cent increase in the as
sessment of these two corporations:
The outcome of the struggle will be
watched with Interest.
Mr. L. G. Todd of Union, Cass coun
ty. Neb., well known to our readers as
an -advertiser of seed corn, writes
The Independent in which he says:
"Ana gratified to learn of your success
in raising funds to erect a Liberty
Building. I have been unable to read
anything' for three or four years, "but
am now reading a little. Your issue
of April 17 is a good one. Your an
swer to the socialists meets my ap
proval. Competition makes progress,
but special privileges have intervened
to make confusion and reverse the or
der of nature and the rights of man.
Absolute free trade will have to come
if we expect to be a -commercial na
tion. Mr. De Hart's article on the
tariff in issue of April 17 Is to the
point. I believe I am just as much
democrat as populist. Our Cass coun
ty populists acted the fool in the state
convention. I am disgusted with them.
They make a great fuss, but do little
or nothing. I enclose check for $10
to assist you in the Liberty Building."
Here is a sample of republican state
ments. Figures compiled by the repub
lican press bureau at the capitol, and
published in republican papers over
the state. Institution for feeble-minded
youth, at Beatrice. Fusion ex
penses from April 1, 1899, to April 1,
1900, as shown by the auditor's books,
under Poynter's administration. Re
publican expexnses from April 1, 1901,
to April 1, 1902, as shown by the au
ditor's books, under the Dietrich-Savage
THE REPUBLICAN LIE.
Fusion $56,896 28
Republican .. 37,159 12
Republican "saving" $19,737 16
THE REAL FACTS.
For current expenses $28,211 63
For four new buildings 26,776 04
Total $54,987 C7
For current expenses $37,165 12
Purchase of land 13,713 90
Total $50,879 02
The fusion current expenses were
actually $8,953.49 less than the repub
lican cm rent expenses. A republican
lie of only $28,000 to $30,000 for one
institution is, however, rather better
than one,' who is acquainted with re
publica; methods, might expect.
The following letter is self-explanatory.
The Independent has no desire
to do an injustice to any man. The
editorial in question -was written upon
the strength of a report published in
the Omaha Morning World-Herald,
which certainly sustained the conclu
sions in our editorial. As to the
"slanderous insinuations," If they have
no foundation, they can do Mr. Herd
man no harm. But, given: A demo
cratic federal officeholder under a re
publican administration, upholding the
beef trust and the Fowler bill and
what would be the natural inference?
If Mr. Herdman did not speak in fav
or of the beef trust and the Fowler
bill, as reported in the World-Herald,
then the World-Herald is primarily
responsible for the injustice done Mr.
Herdman, and The Independent is rea
dy to apologize; but if the World
Herald report is correct, then no
hair-splitting over the meaning of the
word "champion" would Induce The
Independent to recede from its posi
tion. W. H. Herdman, Attorney at Law,
503 New York Life Building, Omaha,
Neb. Referee in Bankruptcy, for the
District of Nebraska. Omaha, Neb.,
May 12, 1902. Editor Nebraska Inde
pendent, Lincoln, Neb. Dear Sir: Ac
cept my thanks for the marked copy
of the issue of your paper of May 8,
1902. With reference to the editorial
therein entitled "Queer Democrats,"
permit me to say that I did not at a
meeting of the Jacksonlan club, or
at any other place, champion the cause
of the "beef trust." I am not now,
and never have been, the champion,
defender, or apologist of the "beef
trust" or any other trust.
Further I would say that I did not
at a meeting of the Jacksonlan club,
or at any other place, advocate the
passage of the Fowler currency bill. I
am not now, and never have been, In
favor of the passage of said currency
-As .to the slanderous insinuations
contained in said editorial, I am con
tent to remark that they are as far
beneath my notice, as they are un
worthy of the man who penned them.
Very truly yours,
W. H. HERDMAN.
An Important Decision
The Nebraska supreme court has
finally passed squarely upon the con
stitutional right of the legislature to
create departments and boards. The
question came up in the case of Wat
son vs. Eskew, an action by the deputy
labor commissioner for a writ of
mandamus to require the assessors to
return certain industrial and agricul
tural statistics. The defendant made
three objections, (a) that the statutes
applying to assessors are invalid be
cause no compensation was provided,
(b) that it is contrary to the constitu
tional provisions prohibiting the crea
tion of new executive officers, (c) not
germane to the provisions of the orig
The constitution provides that no
Other executive state office, other than
those mentioned in the constitution,
should be continued or created and
that the duties falling upon officers
not provided for by the constitution
should he performed hy the officers
therein created. In the opinion which
was written by Commissioner W. G.
Hastings, it is urged that, the conten
tion of the defendant Is not tenable
for the reason that the officers of these
bureaus and departments and boards
are In effect deputies of the state offi
cers, and that the constitution does
not prohibit deputies. This is an im
portant decision Inasmuch as It sus
tains a law creating a board of trans-'
portation, the present food commis
sion law, the oil Inspection law and
others similar in character. In the
case, of State vs. Poynter the insur
ance commissioner law was declared
unconstitutional because of its method-of
taxing insurance, companies.
The board of transportation law was
unconstitutional because of a failure
in its enactment; but the principle
has been sustained and until a con
stitutional amendment can be had au
thorizing the election of the board of
transportation there is nothing now
n the way of enacting a law to have
a board appointed, If the people desire
one. At the present time there is but
little railroad law on the statute books
and the railroad companies are not
restrained in any manner. Although
considerable criticism has been urged
against the last board of transporta
tion, yet it must not be forgotten that
up to the last moment of its existence
It had to fight every inch of the way
to establish the fact that it had the
power, to require the railroads to make
reasonable freight rates and just as
this principle was being finally estab
lished the . discovery was made that
the law Itself had never been proper
ly enacted. -
When your republican neighbor
shows you a statement that the Dlet-rich-Savage-Bartley
running the state institutions more
economically than under the fusion
administrations of Holcomb and Poyn
ter and that everything is running
along so smoothly just inquire why
John Mallalieu resigned as superinten
dent of the boys' industrial school at
Kearney. He will doubtless tell you
that it was because John got a crack
ing good job out in Colorado that is
the lie the republican papers are tell
ing, although one of them has filed
away in a pigeon-hole a four-column
story of scandals connected with that
institution. John resigned before the
populist and democratic papers made
any mention of the scrapes out in his
institution he was compelled to do
Might ask that republican neighbor
if he noticed the item in the State
Journal a week or bo ago relating that
the dead body of a day-old child had
been found in the weeds near the pen
itentiary. There is not a particle of
doubt that if this matter could be
thoroughly investigated and the truth
known, that another republican offi
cial would be called on to resign
There are men about the penitentiary
who could tell the truth about the
death of that hapless infant, conceived
in iniquity, born in disgrace and put
out of the way.
FUNCTION OF THE STATE
An Address by O. "W. Meier Before the
Labor Lyceum, Lincoln, Nebraska,
May 4, 1903
Mr. Chairman and Friends? I ap
preciate the courtesy you v hiive ex
tended to me in this invitation to ad
dress you this evening, and, although
the topic I shall discuss is a difficult
problem, I trust that I shall be able
to treat the subject in a manner
worthy of your attention.
The function of the state has at
various times in the history of the
human race called forth the attention
of political scientists and public men,
but, never before has this question
been emphasized so much as it is at
the present time. What right has tne
state to exist, what field should the
state occupy, how far should the state
extend its influence, how much should
the state interfere with the actions of
individuals, these are questions which
are being asked today.
In a discussion of this kind it is
necessary for us to agree upon the
use we make of terms. You have to
know what I mean by the word "func
tion," and you must understand what
meaning I wish to convey by the term
"state," in order to comprehend what
I shall say. Now, the function of any
thing is the office, that thing fills, the
work it has to do, the duty it must
perform. I do not Intend to use this
word "function" in any special sense.
I want this word, when I use it, to
convey its ordinary and usual mean
ing. The function of the state is the
office which the state holds, the work
which the state ought to do, the duty
the state has to perform.
But when we come to define what
we mean by the term "state," we meet
something more difficult. The loose
manner in which political writers and
public speakers have used this word,
and the way they have confused such
terms as "state," "government,"
"country," "nation," "people," and
"society" makes it all the more im
portant for us to define the use of these
A society is a union of a number of
individuals bound together by mu
tual interests. When men associate
themselves for any common purpose
they form a society.
An aggregation of men living under
a single independent political con
trol constitutes what is scientifically
termed a people. The American peo
ple are the citizens of the United Stat
es, without regard to blood relation,
nationality, or race. All men who
owe allegiance to the government of
the United States constitute the Amer
A nation is a body of individuals
welded together by spiritual forces,
based upon ethnic and psychological
sentiments, regardless of political
control or geological confines. For
example, the Jewish nation is com
posed of all the individuals who ad
here to Jewish principles, notwith
standing their place of living or the
political control to which they may be
All the territory under a particular
independent political control consti
tutes a country. This country In
cludes all of our territorial posses
sions, no matter where these posses-'
sions may, be located on the globe. If
the government of the United States
is the dominant political power in
that territory it is a part of this coun
try. . ': . . : ; , "
Government is the political organi
zation of the people of a country. The
FOR 15 years we have been, engaged in the pleasant work of making: comfortable happy homes. We have fnrolshed
nearly lialf a million homes ON CREDIT throughout the United States. To-day we are the largest complete out
fitters In the world, with an outlet so great as to enable us to control some of the largest factories and mills In
America, and to sell the goods to the consumer at factory prices.
We do more than thlt toe tell from a tingle article to furntthing.t for an entire home
ON CREDIT and let .the buyer pay U4 in email monthly payments.
-no . security no publicity hut a
This oe7frnnc rrfV i given without Interest or extras of any kind i
gcuwoMA Creait strictlr confidential business transaction, i
WRITE F"OR OUR BIO
faoe: cat a L-O que
Xvery thing to
132 fAGE: CATALOGUE -Everything to A
JTV TCne.' 1 UW Furnish and 4
Mall v VK.tiiii iLiK.ni.o; lttWG$Bs KUSY ?
4 rt-Am V nrrClXft $20.00 worth, $5 down, $2 per month. f LLlillM' h Home.
Order .,J.iJi-M I fm.oo worth, $15 down, 55 per month. . 4C$feMMKf .the xiome. v,
t House in L ?4 4f2JwH J T glOO.OO worth, $25 down, S7 per month t J.txssm Y
A A . E-tSOfHl $300.00 worth, $75 down, $13 per month. , JJ.$J JMJT 4
U oi nrl . u bb
II & 1 1 H A SAMPLE BARGAIN This I II V
J JJ 4 u rtanntlfnl K-ntor Pnrlnr Suit.. In I J CI T
V 1 - mahoganr nnlsh, with brilliant II M II f
n P ft U hand-rubbed polish, hand-carved l & Li A
1 DacES ana upnoisierea, inn spring y .gj
W iwrt Kill. CUTCriUIB Ul UU1DIIC1J .rt-
ered Imnorted relours. It's a mag
nificent suit. We'll ship It to any part of the United States ON CREDIT. Simply remit ns $4.50 tnd pay CI Q Aft
h hulanr rat of S2.00 Mr month. Price 4'IJvFvr
As t our Reliability, we refer yoa to any Bank, Business House or Newspaper In Chicago.
PEOPLES OUTFITTING CO., "A'S.ttPSXift-- Chicago.
government of the United States con
sists, of the political organization of
the American people. When our revo
lutionary fathers . independently or
ganized themselves as a political body
they founded a new state. The Amer
ican people in their sovereign power
formed this state. They laid down cer
tain fundamental political rules, called
a constitution, which 'outlined and es
tablished our government, through
which the state carries its functions.
Government is the political machinery
of the state. It bears very much the
same relation to the state as the hu
man body dos to the soul of man.
The government is the concrete sidd
of the body politic, while the state is
Society, people, nation, country and
government, all blend together in
forming the state. A perfect state
would be a union of all these factors,
but states like individuals have their
defects, and in attempting a defini
tion of the state we are hampered in
our abstract ideas by the concrete
forms with which we are acquainted.
An independent political organization
with sovereign powers constitutes a
state. This is what I mean by the
term "state," an independent political
organization with sovereign power.
In order to determine what the true
function of the state is we must un
derstand the nature of the state. It
may be said the state is a universal
phenomenon. Everywhere, in all
times, as soon as social life begins,
men submit to the control of public
authority, which exercises its power
through political machinery. And no
matter what the form of government
may be, whether despotic, aristocratic,
or democratic, beneath the concrete or
outward forms we find the state In
all cases with substantially the same
nature and with one true aim, that of
the common welfare. The state, and
the individual go hand in hand. The
one must thrive in order that the other
may flourish. The state is a person
ality which springs from community
of interests, and can only exist by
serving the common weal.
Exercise of state authority and in
dividual liberty often conflict. The
great problem is to properly balance
the exercise of public authority, on
the one hand, and at the same time
secure to the individual personal
rights and freedom of action. There
is great difference of opinion as to the
field which .the state should occupy.
We may, however, divide the different
theories upon this question into four
distinct classes, the anarchistic, the
individualistic, the utilitarian, and
the socialistic views.
Anarchists regard the state as not
having a true basis, and deny Its right
to exist. They say that government
is an unnecessary evil. The argu
ment of those who hold this extreme
negative view as to the province of
the state Is that reason will dictate
order, and that the majority will com
bine against the minority to secure
progress, peace and justice. They con
tend that individuals will combine for
the purpose of making general im
provements, such as public roads, san
itation, and the like, and to protect
themselves against the destruction of
property and in defense of their lives.
They say that the people will asso
ciate themselves voluntarily into
clubs and societies to carry out the
general welfare. This, the anarchists
say, would be perfectly proper, be
cause this organization would be
based upon the individuals' own free
This theory is without a sound basis.
It is illogical. It denies the right of
political organization and the enforce
ment of the laws of the state, and at
the same time it opens up the way for
a compulsion which cannot be distin
guished from political control and
which might prove even more danger
ous to individual rights than well or
ganized authority. The majority may
enter into such an organization, of
their own free will and accord, for
what they may think would be for
the common good, but how about the
minority who would be compelled to
submit to the rules laid down by the
majority? This minority would cer
tainly be coerced, and the objection
able feature which the anarchists find
in government would In the very na
ture of things present itself.
Individualists lay great weight upon
private rights. They seek to especial
ly protect the individual in his life,
liberty, and his property. The state,
under this view, is regarded as a nec
essary evil, and is required only on
account of the weaknesses and imper
fections of men. As civilization prog
resses and men become more and more
perfect, individualists pay that the
need of the state will constantly di
minish until the setate will vanish of
its own accord. At this point Individ
ualism merges into anarchism, and
these two views differ only as to the
time when state authority can be dis
(To be continued next week.)
Ever since about the year 1893 the
republicans have persistently followed
their policy of refusing to discuss
questions of public policy either in
the senate or on the stump. The re
fusal, of western candidates of that
party to accept challenges for joint
debates was in accordance with orders
issued from republican .headquarters.
They started out with that policy in
view at the present session of the
senate, but the opposition has made it
so awfully hot for them that they
have been obliged to change their
tactics and attempt to reply to some
of 'the denunciations that have been
hurled at them. Senator Lodge led
off, but his oration is not likely to
live in history. The evidence is so
overwhelming, the republicans are
forced to adopt a defense consisting
of apologies for the course of events
in the Philippines as well as in the
United States, for all of which the re
publican party is responsible. They
do not deny the inhuman barbarities
in the Philippines, nor the oppression
of the trusts. They simply present
The anti-trust plank passed by the
Illinois republican state convention is
as follows: "We condemn all con
spiracies and combinations to restrict
business, to create monopolies, to lim
it production or to control prices, and
favor such legislation as will effectual
ly restrain and : prevent . all such
abuses, protect and promote compe
tition, and secure the rights of. pro
ducers, laborers, and all who are en
gaged in industry and commerce, and
we approve and commend the efforts
of President .Roosevelt to enforce the
laws against illegal combinations lu
restraint of trade and pledge him our
hearty support to all his efforts to
protect the people from oppressive
combinations of capital." This is,
rather laughable in view' of the fact
that the republican campaign funds
come chiefly from the "oppressive
combinations of capital" which the
Illinois republicans pretend to con
demn. If the Illinois republicans are
in real earnest about effectually re
straining and preventing the abuses
they mention they must get at the
foundation of the matter and declare
for public ownership of the railroads
and the abolition of national banks of
issue and free trade on all articles pro
duced by these combinations in re
straint of trade. It holds to the idea
of attempting purification. of the blood
by poulticing a pimple. It is equally
idle to talk about effectually prevent
ing such abuses without striking at
the root of the matter. -
A year or so ago the populist party
was afflicted by middle-of-the-roaders;
today the trouble' seems to be in
the democratic ranks. In many places
the democrats are urging independent
action, especially in the central states.
Occasionally, however, democratic pa
pers in these states take a sensible
view of the situation as will be seen
by the following quoted from the
Rockville (Ind.) Tribune: "The Foun
tain County Citizen, the new demo
cratic paper at Covington, has come
to this office. The Citizen seems to
be doing its level best towards repub
lican supremacy in Fountain county.
It is devoting its entire editorial pow
er to a fight against fusion. 'In other
words, it takes ; the impossible view
that 2,800 democrats and 300 populistii
can cast their votes separately and
beat 2,900 republicans. If we remem
ber correctly this is about what was
done in Fountain. county In 1894, when
the republicans elected their whole
ticket, while in 1896, with a union of
forces, the republicans were beaten
along the whole line.
During all this session of the sen
ate whenever a member of the opposi
tion arose to discuss the war in the
Philippines, the trusts or any other of
the policies of this administration, the
republican senators rose in a body, or
singly, and went out of the chamber.
While they would not listen them
selves and sternly resolved that they
would make no reply, they suddenly
found out that the people were listen
ing and were likely to make it pretty
hot for a crowd of political cowards
like that. Now they have changed their
policy and say that they are going
to "talk back."
The address of Mr. O. W. Meier,
before the labor lyceum, Lincoln,
which appears in another part of this
paper, is well worthy of a careful
reading. The labor lyceum is con
ducted under the auspices of the Lin
coln socialists, but addresses are de
livered by men of all political belief.
Mr. Meier's classification of political
beliefs into anarchism and. individual
ism on the one wing, and utilitarian
ism and socialism on the other, is well
The Chicago Public in defending the
single tax says: "The question being
whether we shall tax men in propor
tion only to their land values or to
their other values." The millionaires
of this country do not to any great ex
tent hold land values. The men of
great fortunes are not landlords, but
lords of railroads, bonds, stocks,
steamship lines and factories. If that
is a true statement of the single tax,
it is easy to see who the men would
be that paid the taxes, and how the
millionaires would go free.
General Funston boasts of having
forged the name of a Filipino general
and by that means obtained access to
Aguinaldo. And now comes General
MacArthur, jealous of the fame that
forgery gave to Funston and is envi
ous enough to claim that honor. That
is how a general of the army of the
United States will degenerate under
the Influences of imperialism and
wars of conquest. Army officers un
til this war of conquest 10,000 miles
away was begun were jealous of their
honor. Now they boast of dishonor.
$15 TO DENVER, COLORADO
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