The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902, April 17, 1902, Page 7, Image 7

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    April 17, 1902
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T 1" VT. W TT TT VT . W
Si IS jit SI? ffi
iTf Rooievelt-H&nna Contest Flun
kies Must Toot Their Own Bills. j4
American Labor and the Chinese
n n u n n n nn n n
Special Washington Letter.
T is a pretty fight as it stands
that is, the fight betwixt Colonel
Roosevelt and Senator Hanna for
the Republican nomination for
president. They are leaving no
stone unturned, no card unplayed, no
trick untaken. Recently Senator Mark
attended the good roads convention at
Charlottesville. Va., near Montlcello,
where rests the greatest statesman
that ever lived, the profoundest phi
losopher that ever devoted his life to
politics, the chief priest, apostle and
prophet of civil liberty, Thomas Jeffer
son, and even there the Ohioan re
ceived an ovation which Jenkins de
scribes with rapture. More recently
Teddy "swung round the circle," a sec
tion of it at least, by visiting Charles
ton. S. C, where he was tendered an
ovation several in fact which threw
Jenkins into fits of ecstasy and which
perhaps also threw Marcus Alonzo into
a lit of the blues. Both those illus
trious statesmen know how to play to
the galleries, whoop up hoi polloi and
cause a beating of the tomtoms. It is
youthful enthusiasm and military
glamour versus perfect organization
and an abundance of the sinews of
war. The country will hold its breath
while these famous gladiators wrestle
and some man like Senator Spooner
of Wisconsin or Senator Fairbanks of
Indiana or Uncle Shelby M. Cullom of
Illinois will walk away with the prize.
The Democrats and the country have
nothing to lose by reason of the bitter
ness which the Roosevelt-IIanna con
test will arouse within the G. O. P.,
for the more bitterly Republicans fight
each other, even unto the death, the
better off the Democrats and the coun
try will be. So "on with the dance"
of war. war to the knife and the knife
to the hilt, betwixt Mark and Teddy J
It is given out now that onr imperial
embassy, consisting of Whitelaw Reid
et al., to the coronation of King Ed
ward VII. will have to go down into
their own pockets and pay their own
expenses. And it is well. After all it
seems that there is such a thing as a
robust Am rican sentiment in this
county which must be heeded. No
doubt when this idiotic junket was ar
ranged it was thought by those who
arranged it that the American taxpay
ers would throw high their sweaty
caps in air and gladly get out their
weasel .skins and furnish the where
witMMl to pay the fiddler for our
"bloom'ng haristocrats." but instead of
doing that they kicked and sulked and
used language about the administra
tion not f?t to be put in a model "Let
ter Writer For Young Ladies' Board
ing Schools." So Messrs. Reid et al.
will enjoy the luxury of footing their
own bills. No man in either branch
of congress will have the gall to rise
in his place and move that their ex
penses be paid out of the public treas
ury. Without being egotistical, I can fair
ly claim part of the credit at least for
this saving to the taxpayers, for on
Jan. 20 I started the first inquiry on
the subject and said inter alia: "So
far as I am concerned, I will never
vote one cent to pay any man's expenses
to go to England or elsewhere to help
crown a king. We went out of the
coronation business July 4, 1776, and
are not yet ready to return to that un
natural and un-American habit."
For saying that and a few more
things in the same line all the flunky
editors in the land jumped on me.
Now they can jump off again. It Is a
ten to one shot that President Roose
velt regrets that he ever appointed the
embassy and would gladly be rid of the
whole thing, for he must realize by this
time that by appointing it he played
directly and largely into the hands
of Senator Marcus A. Hanna as a Re
publican presidential candidate; not
that Mark is opposed to flunkyism, but
because he possesses the acumen to
know that the American people are.
His henchmen will play the embassy
card for all it is worth in the death
struggle with Colonel Roosevelt for
the presidential nomination.
Plain Duty.
It is the plain duty of President
Roosevelt to send Mr. Attorney Gener
al Knox hot foot after the beef trust.
It is an octopus and no mistake. Any
concern which deliberately and solely
for its own behoof puts up meat 3 and
4 cents per pound without the shadow
of excuse ought to be ruthlessly crush
ed out of existence. Its action in ar
bitrarily increasing the price of an ar
ticle of diet of prime necessity to 77,
000,000 people by one-fourth is simply
brutal. It means that millions of peo
ple will have to go without meat. If a
trust so enormous in its operations and
so aboveboard in its robberies cannot
be throttled, we had as well quit jab
bering about trusts and confess that
we are utterly impotent in the presence
of these huge modern monsters.
And this rise in price of meats does
nobody any good except the trusts.
Farmers and stock raisers are not the
gainers by one penny, for, while the
trust arbitrarily fixes the price for the
consumer at one end of the line, it ar
bitrarily fixes the price for the stock
raiser and dealer at the other. It has
its trap set like the nigger's celebrated
coontrap to "kotch 'em both cummin
an' gwine." If President Roosevelt will
send Mr. Knox after this trust and
break it up. millions of people will bless
his name forever and forever; but if he
doesn't do -so, possessing the power.
people will conclude, and not unreason
ably, that he is only playing at fighting
the trusts. It is said that he has al
ready become persona non grata to Mr.
J. Pierpont Morgan. The president
during his life as a ranchman no doubt
became familiar with the old saw,
"One might as well be hanged for an
old sheep as a lamb." If Morgan is al
ready mad at him, he might as well go
the whole hog and make war on the
trusts all along the line. He has noth
ing to lose, for by assaulting them hip
and thigh he will win favor with the
masses, whereas if he keeps mum on
the beef trust and other trusts he wins
them not, though he has already alien
ated Morgan. Of course it is not my
business to advise Colonel Roosevelt In
political matters, although I like him
personally, but as a sort of amicus
curise I throw out the foregoing sug
gestions to aid him in his hand to hand
battle with Senator Hanna., They will
do him no harm and may do him good.
The Philippines and American Labor.
The organized labor of America,
numbering about 2,000,000 male adults,
most of them voters, are beginning to
grow uneasy as jio the result of our
holding the Philippines permanently.
At present their uneasiness grows out
of the fear 'that Chinese may come
from the Philippines to our mainland
to compete with them. Consequently
they Insisted that the following section
be incorporated in the Chinese exclu
sion act:
That from and after the passage of this
act the entry into the mainland territory
of the United States of Chinese laborers
coming' from any of the insular posses
sions of the United States shall be pro
hibited, and the prohibition shall apply to
all Chinese laborers, as well those who
were in such insular possessions at the
time or times of acquisition thereof re
spectively by the United States as to
those who have come there since and
those who have been born there since and
those who may be born there hereafter.
Being a member of the foreign affairs
committee, which reported the bill, I
helped force it into the bill, and in dis
cussing the bill in the house, deeming
it a good opportunity to argue the re
lation of American labor to the Philip
pines, I said inter alia:
The question of Chinese exclusion has
for more than a quarter of a century been
one of extreme difficulty, taxinjr to the ut
most the ingenuity of the congress and
the thought of the country to devise a so
lution which will exclude the Chinese
from competition with our laborers and at
the same time retain and increase our
trade with China.
Within the last five years both the dif
ficulties and the dangers of the situation
have been multiplied, first, by a decision
of the supreme court of the United States,
in the case of Wong Kim Ark against the
United States, declaring that a Chinese
born of Chinese parents in this country,
subject to our jurisdiction, is a citizen;
secondly, by the annexation of Hawaii,
the Philippines, Porto Rico, Guam and
other islands, as the sale bill says, "too
tedious to mention." That decision of the
supreme court sounded like a fire bell at
midnight. In the wild orgy of annexation
in which we have been recently Indulging
we took to our palpitating bosoms hun
dreds of thousands of Chinese of all
classes and conditions, ranging all the
way from savants and merchant princes
to Chinese coolies, who are a. little above
the beasts that perish.
A Difficult Proposition.
When we annexed the Sandwich Islands,
we took twenty odd thousand Chinese.
When we acquired the Philippines, we
took in a number of Chinese variously
stated before our committee at from 200,
000 to 1,750,000. Consequently, for the first
time, the congress is confronted with the
exceedingly difficult proposition of hold
ing our newly acquired provinces, colonies
or insular possessions whichever or what
ever you please to call them and at the
same time excluding from our mainland
the denizens of those same provinces, col
onies or insular possessions whatever you
choose to denominate them.
Verily, verily, we have troubles of our
own lots of them. Not having enough on
hand prior to the Spanish war to suit our
taste, like the knight of La Mancha, we
went forth in quest of adventures to the
uttermost ends of the earth, even to far
Cathay, and we accumulated troubles
enough not only to last us during our nat
ural lives, but to last our posterity to the
remotest generation unless we possess the
courage, the resolution, the wisdom and
the patriotism to unload them and thereby
end them. Without being a prophet or the
son of a prophet I make bold to predict
that should the supreme court of the
United States decide as many think it
will decide that the citizens or subjects of
Spain, resident in the islands we annexed,
became when annexed ipso facto citizens
of the United States the people of this
country will speedily find a way to unload
themselves of that huge incubus, because
it cannot be that in their sober senses
Americans will deliberately determine to
subject American laborers to death deal
ing competition with the cheap labor of
the orient.
The truth is that it is high time the la
borers of this country were waking up to
the fact that the one escape not only
from competition with European cheap la
bor, but from the unrestricted competi
tion with the cheaper labor of Asia, is for
us to at once and forever cut loose from
the Philippine Islands. It is their only
salvation. Suppose the supreme court of
the United States decides that the sub
jects of Spain residing in the islands w
annexed became American citizens by the
act of annexation; then what? The prob
abilities in the case are that the supreme
court will decide that congress has no
power to restrict the free locomotion of an
American citizen into any part of the ter
ritory over which the stars and stripes
float, and the laborers of the country, for
whose benefit this bill is made, might just
as well wake up now as later on to the
realization of the fact that the whole
tendency of this latter day annexation is
to bring them into ruinous competition
with the cheap labor of Europe and the
cheaper labor of Asia. There is no sense
in locking the barn after the horse is
gone. The quicker we get rid of the Phil
ippines the better the laborers will be off,
the better we will all be off. 1 -
If we do not speedily unload these ac
cursed islands, the day is not far distant
when all of us, especially the laborers of
the Hand, will in agony of soul exclaim.
"Who will deliver us from the body of this
death?" Should it be decided that the free
locomotion of the Inhabitants of the Phil
ippines cannot be restrained : the yellow
-flood will pour in and utterly submerge
the laborers of America, Our retention of
the -Philippines means a reduction of
wages to the Asiatic level. ' That is one
of the main reasons why I was opposed to
acquiring them and why I am dead
against keeping them. , '
That the longer we keep them the harder
It will be to get rid of them is a proposi
tion too plain to be argued. ,
Let no man hug to his breast the delu
sion that Asiatics can work only as un
skilled laborers, for the, evidence in the
case flatly contradicts tjiat theory. They
have the imitative faculty largely devel
oped and soon learn to do anything they
.see done. Consequently' they will not only
compete with unskilled laborers, but also
with those of all degrees of skill even unto
the highest. '
The cry once rang along the Pacific
coast, "The Chinese must go!" Some day
the laborers of America in self defense
will raise the cry, "The Philippines must
go!" '
The policy of Chinese exclusion is bot
tomed on the Instinct of self preservation,
the supreme law of nature. It is not a
mere demagogical scheme to win votes for
any party or for any man. It is a philo
sophical aifd patriotic movement, growing
out of facts that can be neither denied,
blinked, obscured nor shunted out of the
way. It not only goes to the root of our
institutions, but it lays hold of the foun
dations of Caucasian civilization on this
A Racial Question.
It is largely a racial question, and it
raises the paramount issue, "Shall the
white man continue to dominate the west
ern hemisphere or shall he be placed in
the process of ultimate extinction and be
supplanted by the yellow man?" It is ut
terly futile to vaunt our superiority and
vaingloriously assert that in free com
petition with the Chinese in any field of
physical endeavor we shall triumph, for
it la not true. Governor Taft, our great
proconsul in the Philippines, testified that
a Chinese can live on 2 cents a day not
only live, but flourish like a tree planted
by the rivers of water. A cloud of wit
nesses support the governor general in
that mystifying statement, so mystifying
and so variant from our experience in
living that I endeavored to ascertain how
that seeming miracle can be wrought.
The only answer I elicited was that a
Chinese can live on 2 cents per diem be
cause of centuries of enforced practice in
the difficult art of curtailing his diet to
the minimum.
By reason of both constitutional charac
teristics and of ancient habit an American
cannot compete with a Chinese in cheap
ness of living even if he so desired, and in
the fierce light in the arena of labor, con
stantly growing fiercer as our population
multiplies, for the right to live, the in
finitesimal cost at which a Chinese can
exist will Inevitably give him the victory
over the white man. The starvation test
would end in a survival of the unfittest.
It is written, "The laborer Is worthy of
his hire." The American laborer is the
foundation of the republic and of our civ
ilization, the highest civilization the world
has known since the primal curse was
placed upon man, "In the sweat of thy
face shalt thou eat bread."
The American laborer produces the
wealth of this country, a wealth that is
too vast to be comprehended by the
mathematical powers of the human mind,
a wealth so stupendous that it eclipses
the wondrous tale of Alroy or any story
out of the "Arabian Nights." We all take
pride in the fact that American laborers
are the most intelligent, the most skillful,
the best . clothed, the best fed, the best
housed, the most public spirited and the
most ambitious laborers on the whole face
of the earth. For one I am unalterably
opposed to anything that deprives them
of a single comfort or that will in any
manner reduce their standard of living or
that will lower them in the scale of civ
ilization even in the estimation of a hair.
So far as in us lies it is our duty to pre
vent Chinese competition with American
laborers either on land or sea,
More Scandals.
On a celebrated occasion Daniel Web
ster gave utterance to the famous say
ing, "Murder will out!" So it appears
will scandal, swindling, practical thiev
ery. In 1898 and 1899 Democrats de
clared truthfully that there had been
wicked and wanton waste of the pub
lic money, scandalous jobbery and
criminal favoritism in buying and fit
ting up transports for service in the
Cuban and Philippine wars, for let it
never be forgotten that there were two
wars, one of which is still running.
The Republicans held up their hands
in protestation, solemnly raised their
eyes toward heaven, unctuously thank
ed God that they are not as other peo
ple and vociferously declared that the
charges were Democratic lies. Well,
the elections are over, and now It ap
pears from belated official reports de
layed Intentionally that the Democrats
were right and that the Republicans
were doing the lying. The Washington
Tost prefaces a long article on the sub
ject' with the following headlines,
which teil the whole ugly story briefly:
"Ugly Facts Are Out; Scandals In
Transport Service Now Before Con
gress; Riot of Extravagance; Many
Thousands Wasted In Fitting Up the
Army Vessels; Public Funds Dissipat
ed by Incompetent If Not Dishonest
Hands Under Pressure of Moving
Large Bodies of Men; Materials Pur
chased and Fat Contracts Awarded
Regardless of Cost to the Government."
What a pity it is that the Democrats
did not elect the hoisse of the Fifty
sixth congress In November, 1898! Had
we done so we would have set on foot
Investigations to have unearthed war
scandals enough to have swept the
country in 1900 from sea to sea. Only
at this late day Is a little of the truth
coming out. We would have got it all.
The Same Cast of Characters.
There is one habit of Republicans in
which they are consistent they stand
by their veteran leaders whatever may
betide. Should they elect the next
house, of which they now have very
poor prospects, the same individuals
will play the principal roles. General
Grostenor has just been renominated,
the opposition to Speaker Henderson
for renomination has petered out, "Un
cle Joe" Cannon, chairman of appro
priations; Hon. Sereno E. Payne, chair
man of ways and means; Colonel Wil
Uam Peters Hepburn, chairman of in
terstate and foreign commerce, and
Hon. John Dalzell, one of the three
czars, will all be renominated without
opposition. These are the men who
run things with a high hand. Individ
ually they are amiable gentlemen, but
they are "sot in their ways," and there
can be no reform while they dominate
the house.
Entertaining Remarks on a Ro
5 . mance of Roulette. .
Danoriit Say the Work Belonjra
to "Der Modern or Reallsmatle
School" Quotes Few Chapters to
Sho-vr Rich Man's Perils When
Caught "Monkeylnar Mlt der Mint
ad Monte Carlo."
The following burlesque , book re
view by D. Dinkelspiel. per George V.
Hobart, recently appeared in the New
York Journal:
"Dit He Break Id or Only Bend Id?"
a Romance uf Roulette wrote py
Charles M. Schvab, authprshipper uf
"Four Aces? Dot's Goot!" also der
builder uf der wolume entitled "Der
Bad Break ad der Bank uf Monte
"Dit He. Break Id or Only Bend Id?"
is vun uf der mosd frilling stories Id
has efer been my duty to eggspose.
Dis is der da uf realism in books. Ven
ye haf finished mit der purchase uf a
new suit uf pajimmle8 ad der insomnia
counter in der department store, ve
valk ofer to der book counter und ask
for der latest nofel uf der day.
Ve oben U1 ad der fairst chabter, und
If ve find dare der hero pleasantly en-
gaged in kicking der roof garden a vay
from a cubb'e uf t'ieves und decperan
dums ve buy der book because id Is
Realism is now. der chincher rich
moves der vorld. Realism has taken
civilization py der hand und leads id
into all der foolish places on der map.
On der stage Id used to be der noble
art uf acting ven in der last act der
hero vould eat sugar ouid Uf agreen
paper und die mit his boots otr
Nowadays id Js called reldism be
cause der actor takes off his clothes,
goes to bed und sends for cter doctor
und dies in der natural vay.Vunce fid
vas on der stage dot der hero vould
laugh ad der willain-und defiance him
to did his vorst. Nowadays if der hero
is disrespectful mlt him der willain
sneers mit a loud voice und says:
"Bevare! Doan'd drive me too far or
I vill vent ouid nnd build my own thea
ter on Broad vay!"
Such is der school to rich Charles
Schvab's romance belongs, der modern
or realismatic school. Led us qvote a
fewebabters, please:
I vas drawing nearer und nearer to
Monte Carlo. Alretty I see derveels re
folfing. und I hear der shrill cries uf der
croupers: "Ante ub. Bill! Discards in der
center! A pair uf fours? Dot's goot! My
feets haf became cold hearted!"
All Is eggscitement und life und gay
ness. Der lights blaze yust as though a
gas bill vas unknown here. T'rice habby
Monte Carlo!
Ah1, der vireless telegraph Instrument on
my automobustup is vorking. ,Id musd be
sews from home. Led me listen:
"My Dear Charles ....... ve hear mit
eurbrise dot you vas on your vay to Monte
Carlo ...... vare der kitty und der
chack pot vas rushing arount . . . ...
seeking whom dey may dewour ......
Be careful for der sake uf dem dot luffs
you ... . .-. . A wold der penny ante und
listen nod to der syren song uf der two
tollar limit. ...... Der trust is nerfous
und seems to tremble mit apprehension.
...... Can id be dot you vas on der
werge of some great temptationment?
Led us hobe nod. . . . .
Charles, for my sake und for der sake uf
der trust vich bore you ...... run der
udder vay venefer you see a roulette veel.
. . . ... Ve vas all vaiting in a refer uf
anxiousiety. ..... . Yours a point low
er ..... . Plerp."
Der vireless ceases, und der blood rushes
to my forehead und den rushes back
Should 1 turn back from dls awful place
or should I vent in und hand dot bank a
cubble uf bumps?
Time alone vill tell.- But let der baddle
cry be. "On to Monte Carlo!"
I vas here!
f Here 1 vas In der greatest gambling
cholnt der vorld has efer vitnessed.
Pinochle to right uf me. poker to left uf
me und freeze ould all around me.
Id is such a skincb for me dot really id
Is pidiful!
Vy should I. a perfect stranger, come
here und took deir hard earned money?
Bud, on der udder hand, vy nod?
Der vireless telegraph station Is now
fastened to der head uf my bed. .Again
some vun is making signals:
"Id is in der papers . . . . . you vas ad
Monte Carlo ...... pudding blowholes
In der banks. . . . -. . . How painful dls is
to us all! . . , ... How much dit you via?
As friends ve deplore der situa
tion ...... but as partners ve declare
urselfs In on der rakeoff . . Ve
vould radder you vould nod play any more
. . ... . unless dare is more In sight.
...... A picture uf der bank you broke
und der ax you broke id mit ...... und
udder evidences uf der tragedy vas pup
lished in der papers. . . . . . . Id vas
painful to see how horrified Vail street
vas because you gambled. ...... Steel
dropped sigs points ven your picture ap
peared . . . surrounded py sefenteen
French cashiers shoveling 200.000.000 francs
Into your trunk. ....... Ve haf. figured
Id ouid dot dls vould be abouid eight tol
lars in real money. . ..... If your pic
ture appears vunce more, steel vill drop
tventy points . . . . . bud if you drop
nyding doan'd come home. . . . , . . Ve
vas horrified bud you mvai nod
and fmd the professionals from place
to place and by taxing each one so
much for information regarding the
"grafts" make a good thing for himself
and for them also. A general instruc
tion below the list of names read as
"A good way is to have some cheap
shoestrings or papers of pins to sell,
for them as don't buy nearly always
give something anyway."
. Devine was sent back to Cincinnati
with orders not to return. Hoover and
Hall have left, and Lancaster has dis
appeared, and the officers believe the
town is rid of them for keeps, and ev
ery professional that is found upon the
streets hereafter will be sent to the
A Tievr Breed of Stashonnd Com
bines Speed With Ferocity.
William A. Richards, assistant land
commissioner, is a hunter of no mean
prowess, and in his home near the Big
Horn mountains, Wyoming, has killed
more than one grizzly and mountain
lion. Several days ago Mr. Richards
was talking over sporting matters with
a Washington Post reporter, when the
conversation turned upon dogs and the
value of the several breeds for hunting
purposes, when he said:
"In my section we have at last se
cured a breed of dogs that is highly
satisfactory. As wolf dogs they cannot
be excelled, and the only time that to
my recollection I ever saw these dogs
turn tail was on an occasion when
they faced four grizzlies. Even then
they showed fight, retreating only
when it was absolutely necessary. Sev
eral years ago we began experiment
ing with a view to securing a breed of
dogs sufficiently heavy and ferocious
to attack and kill wolves and fleet
enough to run them down. After many
trials we found that a cross between
the old Scotch staghound and the com
mon greyhound proved far superior to
any of the experiments we had pre
viously tried.
"These dogs combine the fleetness of
the greyhound with the strength and
ferocity of the Scotch staghound and
as a result are being extensively bred
all through the west. A coyote stands
no show whatever with these dogs, for
as soon as the pack overtakes him he
does not strike the ground until he is
literally torn limb from limb. The gray
wolf is a better and harder fighter, but
even in a fair fight one of these cross
bred wolf hounds is an even match for
the gray wolf. In fact there are some
of my dogs that are almost as wild and
fierce as the wolves themselves.
"These animals do not hesitate to
tackle the black bear and generally
make life a burden for him, while in
hunting the grizzly bear they are quite
useful in holding the game at bay un
til the hunter arrives to give 'Wahb'
bis coup de grace."
Deseriptlon of the Ex-Boer Presi
dent's Residence fit Utrecht.
The new dwelling which Mr. Kruger
occupies at Utrecht, Holland, is called
"Oranjelust," meaning "Orange joy," or
"favor," which is somewhat appropri
ate, seeing the favor with which he
was treated by the one remaining mem
ber of the house of Orange here, the
queen of the Netherlands.
Oranjelust is separated from the
public pathway by an iron railing and
stands In a small garden. The garden
is flanked with bushes, and the center
space is occupied with- a rockery
Around the latter tulips have been
planted to represent the Transvaal flag,
and when they bloom the "Vierkleur"
will be just in front of Oom Paul's
Oom's part of the house is the right
hand lower portion, consisting of re
ception room, bedroom and dining
room. The first of these is elaborately
fitted up In the style of Louis XV., the
walnut furniture being unholstered
with green material worked with 'lilies
in white. The curtains are of green
stuff also.
Mr. Kruger's bedroom suit is of oak,
upholstered in green, and there are
green curtains to the windows. But
the dining room is the wonder of those
who are fortunate enough to get a peep
into it. Oak upholstered with red leath
er and red plush cuitains, the chamber
has a very warm appearance. The car
pet cornea from Smyrna. It is a most
elaborate piece of work. It will be re
membered that dark green is the color
of Mr. Kruger's livery.
The remaining portion of the house
is for the ex-president's followers,
while two doors farther up the road the
family' of the Eloffs have taken up
their abode. Some time ago Dr. Leyds
took a house in the town, so that now
the entire Boer court is close together,
and Mr. Kruger only needs to blow a
whistle if he wishes to hold a cabinet
council. '
Some Pretty Valentine Gifts.
A heart shaped cut glass flask for
perfume r a heart shaped box with
Bilver top for the toilet table or a ring
with a true lover's knot encircling a
whole pearl, a turquoise or an ame
thyst which is the February birth
stone, would please a young girl, says
the February Ladies Home Journal.
A heart shaped locket with a single
pearl and having a place for hair and
a photograph inside is a pretty gift, as
is also a pendant of the same shape for
the watch chain.
To My Toothful Valentine.
"My love, she's but a lassie yet."
So wrote a poet years ago.
Pull well he knew, the clever bard.
He'd but to wait, and she would grow.
And so to you. dear valentine.
With laughing eyes and golden hair,
I pray you hurry up and grow
To womanhood: I'll meet you there.
But yetperhaps I'd better not. :
f For should time prove to me unkind.
Tou then might say. oh, cruel thought,
"Why. what a queer old valentine!"
Thomas H. Wilson in Harper's Bazar.
When writing to advertisers do not
fail to mention The Independent. If
our advertisers don't treat you right
let us know it.
The Last Homeseekers Excursions
On May 6 and 20th for this season vU
the NORTHERN PACIFIC will leave
N. P. R. R. eastern terminals. Very
low ROUND TRIP rates in effect.
Don't miss this chance! Send for
our rate circular at once. r I
Address G. D. ROGERS, D. P. A.,
N. P. R., Des Moines, la., or write to
Gen. Pass. & Ticket Agent, N. P. R.,
St. Paul, Minn.
The Many Conventions
to be held this summer on
offers chances not to be missed, to
visit the COLUMBIA RIVER region
and the PUGET SOUND country with
via the
their mild climates, and return eat;
The park is a wonderful spot. There
are geysers, water falls, bears, elks,
boiling springs by the thousands, a
sulphur mountain, a mud volcano, a
glass cliff 200 feet high, and the grand
canyon of the Yellowstone, 20 miles
long, 1,200 feet deep and colored like
a rainbow. Good hotels at all impor
tant points.
Write to G. D. ROGERS, D. P. A.,
N. P. R., Des Moines, la., or CHAS.
S. FEE, G. P. & T. A., N. P. R St.
Paul, for particulars, giving date when
you want to go and send six cents In
stamps for Wonderland 1902, and the -get
ready for the trip. f
Very Low Rates
Every day during the months of
March and April, 1902, the UNION PA
CIFIC will sell Colonist one-way tick
ets at the following rates:
$20.00 to Ogden and Salt Lake City.
$20.00 to Butte, Anaconda and Hel
ena. $22.50 to Spokane. :
$22.50 to points on the Great North
ern Ry., Spokane to Wenatchee in
cluded, via Huntington and Spokane.
$25.00 to points on Great Northern
Ry., west to Wenatchee, via Hunting
ton and Spokane.
$25.00 to Portland, Tacoma and Seat
tle. $25.00 to Ashland, Oregon and in
termediate points, including branch
lines on S. P. Co. south of Portland,
via Portland.
$25.00 to San Francisco, Los An
geles and other California points.
Full information cheerfullly fur
nished on application to
E. B. SLOSSON, Agent.
At all drug stores.
25 Doses 25c. I'i i mi
i . I'll
ytf I nd Return.
I 1 April 21 to 27.
II May 27 to June 8.
I I August 2 to 8.
' I I Burlington Route.
'' I Liberal return B
. l a l'm'ts an(l stop-over Q
J 9 Thro'carspastthe B
Twice Each Month During April and
May, I9O2.
CftllTU Th Illinois Central will run Hoine
OUU 1 11 Becker's Excursions to certain points in
. the South on the lines of the Illinois
Central and Yaoo & Mississippi Valley Kailroads.
from aU tbeir stations west of and Including Tara. and
from points on the Albert Lea, Cedar Kapids, Onaws
and Sioux Falls branches, March 31. April U.May 6
and 10, HK)2, and from all points east oi: and Including
Fort Dodge April 1, 15, May 6 and 20.
Ihe new "Southern Homeseeker's Guide" describes
in detail the agricultural advantages, the soil and
products of ail points South of tne Ohio Kiver on the
lines of the above mentioned roads. For a copy ad
dress the undersigned.
For Information concerning Railroad Lands in the
fertile Yazoo Valley of Mississippi address: K. P. Skene,
Land Commissioner 1. C. it. Li., at Chicago.
llrPT Homeseeker's Excursion tockets will be
If Co I 801(1 from stations in iowa east of and In
cluding cedar Falls and from points on
the Albert Lea and Cedar ilaplds branches. April 1. U,
May H and 20, to points on the Illinois Central Hallroad
to which the one way rate Is $7.00 or over. In Soma
Dakota. Minnesota and Iowa to all points west of
Ackley inclusive, except points west of LeMars.
Homeseeker's Excursions to Points on
Other Lines of Railroad.
The Illinois Central will also sell on AprU 1, 15, May
6 and 30, 1902, Homeseeker's Excursion Tickets to
points on foreign lines of railroad in many Western,
Southwestern and Southern States, Including ail points
In California.
For rates, rentes, etc., inquire of your nearest nil.
nols Central Ticket Agent. ,
All Homeseeker's Excurston Tickets are sold at a
rate of
for the round trip.. Tickets limited to 21 days for re.
tnrn and good for stop-over privileges at certain points
within a going limit of 15 days. -
. - -J- F.MER1RY. ; -
Asst. Gen. Pasii. Agent, .... ;
Tax' on Corporations Will ray Entlr
State IipcDtci and Levies Made for ,
Loral Purposes Only
Henceforth the quasi-public corpor
ations of Ohio will pay an annual state
tax of 1 per cent on their gross In
comes. Private corporations, formed
for the purpose of profit, will pay a
tax of one-tenth of 1 per cent on their
capital stock. The two sources of
income will furnish $2,000,000 of rev
enue yearly to the state. To that ex
tent the general property tax for state
purposes will be decreased. Still an
other law is to be enacted levying a
tax of 2 1-2 per cent on the premiums
of foreign insurance companies do
ing business in the state. From this
source $800,000 a year may be ob
tained. Before long their will be in Ohio
a complete divorcement of state and
local taxation will be left exclusively
to the counties and municipalities.
The state will obtain the revenue It
requires in other quarters. When this
shall have been accomplished a state
board of equalization, with its elabor
ate and usually ineffectual machinery
for the just division of a state general
property tax among the different coun
ties, will cease to be necessary. Then
the assessors will remain unaltered
and local taxing bodies, when, they
levy taxes,. will know that their work
will not be upset by a change In the
assessments made by an outside au
thority. This is a .system that 'will prob
ably be adopted by every state in the
union. The state government will
then be entirely supported by taxes
on corporations and there will tax
levies for local government alone..
Each county, and city will levy anl
collect its own taxes and they will bj
cxpf nded for local purposes.
How Are Tonr Kidneys I
Dr. Ilobbs' Sparagus Pills cure all kidney Ills. Prn
Die free. Add. Sterling Hcmedy Co., Chicago or N. Y.
A Valuable Book.
One of the most valuable books
for stock raisers that we have had
the pleasure of examining recently
Is the International Stock book, pub
lished and distributed by the Interna
tional Stock Food company of Minnea
polis, Minn. The book contains 160
pages of valuable and interesting read
ing matter, illustrated with colored
plates throughout. It begins with . an
interesting account of the horse and
its value and use to man. It gives
pictures of all the' famous trotting,
pacing, draft, coach and racing horses
with the 'records they have made. It
gives a list of the diseases and in
juries most common to horses and de
scribes the causes. The same valuable
information it gives in the same book
concerning cattle, hogs, sheep and
poultry. , Every stock raiser should
have a copy of thl3 book. Its free to
all who write for it. Address the In
ternational Stock Food company, Min
neapolis, Minn., and tell them you read
this notice in The Independent and
would like a copy of their stock book,
and you will receive it by return mall.
We guarantee you will find it worth
your trouble.
Big Horn Basin
Are you interested In the Big Horn
Basin of Wyoming?
It's a rich but undeveloped portion
of Northwestern Wyoming. ' It con
tains marvellous openings for small
rancLes along good streams In the
valleys, with one million acres of gov
ernment land open to S3ttlement under
the United States land laws.
The Burlington Route has just pub
lished a folder descriptive of the Big
Horn Basin. ' It is illustrated and con
tains an accurate map. It tells about
the lay of the land, character of the
soil, products,, yield. Irrigation and
If you're interested, better write
for a copy. It's free. J. FRANCIS,
, Gen. Pass. Agt., Omaha, Neb.
Low Settlers Rates
During March and April, 1902, the
Northern Pacific will sell ONE WAY
from eastern terminal points St.
Paul, Minneapolis, Ashland, Duluth.
and the Superiors at greatly reduced
rates to nearly all points on Its main
line, .branches and connecting lines,
west of North Dakota. These tickets
to Northern Pacific points will be good
for stopover west of Hope, Idaho.
For further detailed Information
about these rates call upon or write
to G. D. Rogers, D. P. A.. N. P. R., Des
Moines, la., or address Chas. S. Fee.
Gen. Pas. & Tkt. Agent, Nor. Pac. Ry..
St. Paul, Minn.
Some of the Important valleys
reached by the Northern Pacific are
the Yellowstone, Gallatin, Madison,
Deer Lodge, Bitter Root and Clark
Fork in Montana, the Palouse, Big
Bend, Colville, Clearwater, Walla Wal
la and Yakima In Idaho and Washing
ton, the Puget Sound and Britsh Co
lumbia regions and the Oregon coun
try. It is a vast empire where climate
soil and other advantages make of it
a favored lan '
Daily Tourist Cars.
Personally Conducted
Also Personally Conducted Tourist
Excursions Every Wednesday and
Friday via
For full information address E. W.
Thompson, A. G. P. A., Topeka, Kas
John Sebastian, G. P. A., Chicago.