The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902, March 13, 1902, Page 8, Image 8

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    8
THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT.
March 13, 19 02.
ENCOURAGING LETTERS
C"' - ..- . .... . V-'- .
Readers in Every State and Territory Recognize the
Importance of the Undertaking to Construct
Liberty Building
ORDERS FOR POSTALS FROM EVERYWHERE
Many Have Sent for the Second and Third Block, Recognizing the Indepen
dent as the Foremost Champion of Liberty
in America
During the past week The Indepen
dent has received hundreds of encour
aging letters from its readers in ev
ery part of the country commending it
for the splendid work it is doing in de
fending the rights of the plain people.
Slowly but surely the powers of plu
tocracy are advancing and encroaching
upon the rights of the people. On ev
ery hand can be found evidence that
the present administration is hand in
glove with the money power of the
country. Special privileges are con
tinually given to those who have al
ready grown rich and powerful through
special favors from the government
and gradually the people are denied
rights guaranteed by the constitution
and the Declaration of Independence.
The scriptural prophecy that "To him
that hath shall be given and from him
that hath not shall be taken even the
little that he hath," is being literally
fulfilled. The press of the country,
subsidized by the gold of plutocracy
and hypnotized by the glories of con
quest makes no protest. Through
ignorance of the real dangers the peo
ple tamely submit. If liberty and the
privileges of self-government beneath
the American flag can be denied to peo
ple in the Philippine islands on the
merest excuse by the powers of or
ganized greed now in control of the
government, how long will it be before
the same powers find good and suffic
ient excuse to deny the same privileges
to the people at home? It is only by
education that the people can be awak
ened to the real dangers ahead. The
best educator is a weekly newspaper if
edited honestly and fearlessly. It is a
weekly text-book, a lesson once a week
to all who receive and read it. With
this In mind readers of The Indepen
dent everywhere are making every ef
fort to increase its circulation. For
their assistance The Independent is
thankful and in return will fight the
best fight that it can in their behalf.
As our army of readers increases the
good that we can do becomes greater.
To all who send for a block of five
cards we send a roll of sample copies
of The Independent for free distribu
tion among their neighbors and
friends. When you have the sample
copies it is easy to get your neighbors
to subscribe. Many have disposed of
several blocks in this way. Why not
send for a block of five? If you have
difficulty in selling them you may re
turn them. It costs you nothing to
try. Here is what others are doing:
FROM ARIZONA TERRITORY.
I am pleased with the way in which
you lay the facts before the masses.
Please to send me a block of five and
I will sell them if I can. Asa Turner,
Solomonville, Ariz.
FIRST FROM COLORADO.
Send me a block of five. I did not
see anyone from Colorado and thought
she ought to be represented in this
good work. Mrs. M. E. Brown, Gree
ley, Colo.
SOLD THREE IN 15 MINUTES.
Enclosed find' $3.00 for five Liberty
cards received Saturday. I disposed of
three of them in fifteen minutes after
receiving them, the other two the next
morning. I believe I can sell another
block. Joseph Burr, Leoti, Kas.
FROM OLD MISSOURI.
Send me a block of five of your
cards. I will sell them and remit the
price to you with names- and postoffices
of purchasers. W. J. Gardner, Brack
en, Mo.
BEST IN THE U. S.
I enclose $3.00 for cards sent me
which I have sold. I have been a sub
scriber to The Independent for sev
eral years and think it the best politi
cal paper in the United States. Peter
Johnson, Gordon, Neb.
FROM MONTANA.
Enclosed $3.00 for block of postals.
Let one pay my subscription and send
me the others which I will endeavor to
sell. H. L. Keene, Canton, Mont.
WANTS TWO BLOCKS.
You may send me two blocks of your
cards if you will. I have one block al
ready sold or spoken for. I am 'In
dependent to the backbone and will do
what I can to help the cause along.
Frank Thomas, Arcadia, Neb.
SOLD THEM EASILY.
I received your postals and sold them
a short time. Would like to have
another block of five. Will help you
all I can. H. L. Shelton, Wauneta,
Neb.
In
FROM WAY DOWN SOUTH.
Enclosed is check for $3.00 for block
of five to help you erect a castle in
and from which to advocate and de
fend liberty, equal rights to all and
special favors to none. J. P. Bridger,
Mt. Airy, Ga.
WANTS THE THIRD BLOCK.
Enclosed is P. O. order for $3.00 for
my last block of five. Will try an
other block of five if you please. I
have two more subscribers already en
gaged. Received the sample copies to
day. A. W.Halleck, Clarks, Neb.
We have many more letters like the
above, but cannot take room to print
more. All bring words of encouragement.
What we need most is a home. At
present we are located in a building
which we rent. In the midst of a cam
paign or other inconvenient time we
might be compelled to move. To that
extent we are at the mercy of land
lordism. What we desire to do is to
buy a little spot of mother earth from
which we can fearlessly champion the
the plain people from the aggressions
of organized greed, aifd from which
we cannot be driven by the order of
some plutocrat. We want to construct
a "Liberty Building," dedicated to the
defense of the . liberties of the plain
people. In time of peace we wish to
prepare for war. ,
We need a building 30x142 feet, two
stories high, of the most economical
construction.
We will use it without plastering,
heat it with ordinary heating stoves
and be thoroughly happy and at home
to and for all our friends and patrons.
We will get along without the luxury
of steam heat or hot air furnace.
The plan adopted to accomplish
the undertaking is to sell "Liberty
Building Postals" in blocks of five for
$3.00. Each postal is good for a year's
subscription to The Independent to je
sent to any address in the United
States or Canada. tWhat we ask of our
friends and patrons is their co-operation
in disposing of 2,000 blocks of 5.
10,000 cards. We have made the
price low to make it easy for them to
dispose of the cards. When you ask
your neighbor to buy one of these
cards you are not asking him to con
tribute or donate anything. You are
in reality offering to sell him a year's
subscription to The Independent at 40
cent less than he could buy the sub
scription direct. We can afford to make
this low rate for these cards in blocks
of five for three reasons: First, we do
not have to pay an agent his wages
and traveling expenses to secure the
subscriptions. All that expense, which
is usually heavy, we avoid by this
method. Second, we will use the mon
ey to build a home for The Indepen
dent an'! quit paying rent which now
costs us $65 per month. Third, we
wished to make it easy for our friends
to sell the cards. Those are the plain
easons why we are selling "Libertv
Building Subscriptions" in blocks of
five at the low figure we are. We have
been as liberal in our offer as possi
ble. It costs more money to publish
a paper devoted to the defense of the
plain people than to publish one ad
vocating the cause of plutocracy. The
money power would gladly furnish
material to fill all our columns free of
charge if we would accept it. They
would be liberal with their advertis
ing patronage and generous to a fault
if we would indorse their , legalized
robberies. That's why plutocratic
sheets cost so little. Shall we give you
that kind of a paper? Never! We
will print the truth and sell the paper-
as cheaply as we can. Invite your
neighbor to try it for a year, Ask
him to compare it with the hand-me-downs
and ready made stuff furnished
him by the organs of plutocracy.
Here is the roll of Liberty Guards
and what they have done to date. Let
us add your name to the list:
No. cards
ordered.
H. L. Keene, Canton, Mont 5
L. G. Todd, Union, Neb 10
J. F. Vandrala. Ravenna. Neb 5
L. D. Austin. Moulton. Neb 10
S. C. Faddis, Jefferson, Pa 5
W. J. Gardner, Bracken, Mo 5
N. Cochenour, Roseland, Neb 5
W. W. LaMunyon, Rising City, Neb. 5
L. B. Harrison, Bancroft, Neb.... 5
G. A. Y. Reeds, Burkemont, Ore... 5
C. W. Kinch, Lexington, Neb 5
Tv tt n : xti l w
ij. ii. x1 nets, xNiiciwjvH, eu o
A. W. Halleck, Clarks, Neb ... 5
J. C. May, Buck Horn, Wyo 5
S. Jones, Patterson, Mo 5
E. R. Woods, Burwell, Neb 5
Asa Turner, Solomonville, Ariz 5
E. E. Warner, Newcastle, Neb o
J. W. Cox, Louisville, Neb 5
C. A. Skoog, Holdrege, Neb 3
W. F. Kellogg, Red Cloud, Neb.... 5
G. W. Beauchamp, Wichita, Kas... 5
Frank Reger, Dunn's Station, Pa.. 5
R. W. VanAlstine, Neb. City, Neb.. 5
J. A. Hogg, Shelton, Neb.... 5
P. J. Cox, Amsterdam, N. Y 5
A. J. Best, Decatur, Neb 5
J. E. Lamb, Mariaville, Neb 5
W. A. Roberts, Greenfield, Tenn 5
PREVlbUSLY ACKNOWLEDGED.
M. F. Harrington, O'Neill, Neb.... 23
J. W. Bray, Falls City, Neb 15
A. W. Cox, Bladen, Neb 10
Wm. Hancock, Loup City, Neb.... 11
W. S. Hadley, Arlington, Neb: 10
J. M. Smith, Baker, Neb 10
Cornelius Horan, Rulo, Neb. .10
J. M. Elrod, Madison, Neb 10
J. N. Diffendal, Finksburg. Md 10
S. G. Mower, Falls City, Neb .10
Frank Thomas, Arcadia, Neb ...... i0
J. C. Stocking, Wahoo, Neb 10
Matt Sterup, Gresham, Neb.. 7
Albert Beals, Omard, Mich 7
Judge W. H. Westover, Rushville,
Neb 5
Henry Deans, Ida, Neb 5
R. C. Snyder, Eaton, 0 5
J. C. Young, Kayce, Wyo .......... 5
Wm. Ogle, Scotts Bluff, Neb.. 5
W. R. Petty, Norwalk, Cal. ii
W. E. Deck, ! Ithaca, Neb 5
Mrs. M. E. Brown, Greeley, Colo.... 5
Hans Nielsen, Dannebrog, Neb ?.
L. P. Horton, Elmwood, Neb 5
C. A. Carlson, Upland, Neb 5
Joseph Burr, Leoti, Kas 5
C. S. Worley, Box Butte, Neb...... 5
Luther Minton, Bloomington, Tenn. C
H. L. Shelton, Wauneta, Neb li
L. Chartier, Clyde, Kas 5
W. J. Long, Hebron, Neb 5
Mrs. Ellen Rice, South Dayton, N.Y.-5
E. E. Berry, Fairbury,' Neb ........ -5
C. A. Skoog, Holdrege, Neb ........ 5
P. C. Davis, Grass Valley, Ore.... 5
John Klinge, Burwell, Neb.. 5
E. M. Harrison, Big Springs, Neb.. 5
Christian Brothe, Minded; Neb; .... 5
J. P. Bridges, Mt. Airy 6a. S
S. J. Boies, Hough; Neb . . . . . . . .... 5
C. M. Lemar, Wahoo, Neb 5
A. C. Caskey, Oregon, Mo .... .... 5
F. Li. Buel, Hickman. Neb......... 5
Joseph Burr, Leoti, Kas 5
Arthur Gwvnn. Palmer. Neb. . .... . 5
O
. . . 5
5
5
5
5
5
W. DeVoe, Brooklyn, N. Y ... C
G. W. Benjamin, Trenton, Neb.... 5
J. Higgins, Cambridge, Neb........ 5
P. J. Fox, Amsterdam, N. Y.. ...... 5
C. A. Skoog, Holdrege, Neb........ 5
J... P. Dodd, St. Paul, Neb 5
A. W. Pomeroy, Germantown, Neb . 5
Joseph E. Spencer. Beemer, Neb. . . , 5
H. D. Rogers, DeWitt, Neb 5
H. L. Shelton, Wauneta, Neb. .
A. B. Snyder, , Folks, O
G. A. Will, Ithaca, Neb.
Otto Trittschuh, Mlddletown, Ind
H. I. Little, Stegall, Tenn
G. Hickel, Ashland, Neb..
Chancy Cooper, Leland, 111. ......
Wm. Alexander, Elba, Neb
G. W. Ferbrache, Sutherland, Neb.. 5
L. M. Calvin, Ough, Neb..... 5
Paul Nelson, Pilger, Neb , . 5
Vaughn Foster, East Bethel, Me.. 5
A. C, Caskey, Oregon, Mo . 5
J. A. Moline, Ogallala, Neb... 5
Eugene Munn, Lincoln, Neb 5
Wm Neville, Blue Vale, Neb 5
W. H. Toy, Lincoln, Neb 5
Jonathan Higgins, Cambridge, Neb. 5
S. Hunziker, Guide Rock, Neb 5
M. M. Halleck, Clarks, Neb 5
Mr. H. F. Canon, Tecumseh, Neb.. 5
Dr. W. P. Cunningham, 336 West
14th St., New York city 5
H. B. Lorain, Upland, Neb 5
H. L. Watts, Marshall, Ark 5
T. W. Granberry, Long Pine, Neb.. 5
J. B. Wolfe, Tamora, Neb 5
W. F. Wagner, Bertrand, Neb 5
J. S. Freeman, Columbus, Neb 5
J. H. Harper, Shubert, Neb 5
J. R. Lind. Negunda, Neb 5
W. H. Ground, Prosser, Neb...... 5
Wm. Surman, Carlinville, 111 5
J. E. Jamison. Battle Hill. Va: .... 5
WHEN OTHERS FAIL CONSULT
0
SEARLES & SEARLES
Main Office
Lincoln, Neb.
SPECIALISTS IN
Nervous, Chronic and
Private OlieaHt,
WEAK MEN
All private diseases and dis
orders of men. Treatment
by mail ; consultation free.
.Syphilis cured for life.
!lliJmt 11688 and Diseases of Wo-
ftfilt men.
ElectricitVMcTae.
Jfnables us to guarantee to core all cases curable
of the nose, throat, chest, stomach, liver, blood,
skin and kidney disease. Lost Manhood, Night
Emissions. Hvdroccle. Varicocele. Gonorrhea.
Gicet, Piles, f istula and Recta-. Ulcers, Diabetes
and Bricht'P Disease, 3100. OO for a case of
CATAllRH, KUEUMATISM, DYSPEPSIA
or SYPHILID We cannot cure, if curable.
StliCtUrB & GlGBt method wfioutpaTn
tattine. Consultation I'M? fciE. Treatment by mail
Call, or address with stamp 1 Mala Office
Drs. Ssarlss & Searles I J&xs.M$&
urn i
of the people do not know that any
railroad company can charge for its
service whatever it pleases and as
much as it pleases, without any real
power in this commission, or any oth
er tribunal or court, to limit the
C. Sorensen, Dannebrog, Neb 5j amount of . such charge for the future
t t .
-
A. H. Stegall, De Land, Fla........ 5
J. C. Andre, Logan. Neb 5
A. L. Caskey, Oregon, Mo 5
F. G. Welch, Cedar, la r
B. F. Ormsby, Grangeville, la 5
J. M. Smith, Baker, Neb 5
Wm. Thomssen, Grand Island, Neb. 5
J. A. Greenlee, Betrand, Neb ,. 5
C. H. Jeffry, Chadron, Neb 5
W. E. Mullikin, Somerset, Neb 5
W. C. Brown, York, NeD 5
J: C. Dietrick. York. Neb 5
A. W. Halleck, Clarks, Neb 5
R. C. Snyder, Eaton, o 5
Abner De France, El Reno, O. T... 5
J. M. Jamison, Valparaiso, Neb.... 5
L. W. Hubbell, Francesville, Ind.. 5
Mrs. E. J. Harkelrode, Wassie, O.. 5
Peter Sauber, Aurora. Ill o
W. C. Brown, Brainard, Neb 5
H. C. Stoll, Beatrice, Neb.. 5
J. H. Cronk, Ord, Neb 5
M. N. Shoemaker, Union, Neb 5
O. T. Baughn, Tobias, Neb 5
D. C. Butler, Kingsley, Ore 5
Lewis Rickard, Wood River, Neb.. 5
B. N. Cleveland, Fremont, Neb.... 5
W. W. Smith, Peru, Neb 5
E. O. Smead, Kearney, Neb........ 5
Sands Brownell, Salem, Ore 5
C. Sorenson, Dannebrog, Neb 5
Wm. Surman, Carlinville, 1 111. ... . 3
C. T. Bride, Washington, D. C... 5
Marshall Mayo, Rio, III. ....... .... 5
Julius Smith, Salem, Neb..... 5
Mamie Fenton, Dawson, Nebf 5
Wm. Graves, Rulo, Neb 5
E. R. Woods, Burwell, Neb 5
S. A. Hauston, Pickaway, W. Va... 5
Thos. O. Clark, Baltimore, Md 5
Alfred Anderson, Stromsburg, Neb. 5
A. P. Sheenden, Willmar, Minn... 5
H. C. Stoll, Beatrice, Neb 5
A L Caskey, Oregon, Mo 5
Jas. A. Haley, Philadelphia, Pa... 5
F. M. Hayes, Rensselaer, Ind Z
A. C. Cameron, Brownsdale, Minn.. 5
L. E. Hallstead, Petersburg, Neb.. 5
Chas. M. Bowen, Bath, N. Y 5
Connor Shotwell, Cambridge, Neb.. 5
O. Z. Zook, Hillsboro, Ore 5
P. B. Neal, Madison, N. C 5
J. Miner, Friend, Neb 5
W. E. Billeter, Ainsworth, Neb 5
R. C. Snyder, Eaton, 0 5
J. M. Elrod, Madison, Neb 5
Peter Johnson, Gordon, Neb 5
J. W. Rooth, Londonville, 0 5
Geo. Gillett, Burwell, Neb 5
J. E. Guthrie, Comstock, Neb 5
E. S. Gilbert, Weeping Water, Neb. 5
Louis Berry, Pawnee City, Neb 5
S. G. Haile, Clearwater, Neb 5
J. P. Bridges. Mt. Airy, Ga... 5
Mrs. Ellen Rice, So. Dayton, N. Y. 5
J. L. Brouse. Stratton, Neb 5
C. W. Kinch. Lexington, Neb 5
D. P. Pugh, Imperial, Neb 5
C. J. Jackson, Nolanville. Tex G
Wilfred Lebert, Archer Neb 5
W. E. Freeman, Cushing, Neb 5
L. E. Hallstead, Petersburg, Neb.. 5
S. Hunziker, Guide Rock. Neb 5
J. W. Bray, Table Rock, Neb r
D. E. Burkey, Giltner, Neb . 6
Lewis Reynolds, Union, Neb 5
Mrs. Eliza Sowards, Ashland, Neb,. 5
J. M. Babb, Clayton, 111 5
Jas. O'Fallon, Mead, Neb 5
Wm. Scott, St. Paul, Neb 5
C. J. West, St. Paul, Neb 5
Joseph Wittwer. Salem, Neb 5
C. W. Duncan, Pilger, Neb 5
D. W. Haskins, Geneva, Neb 5
Lewis Frey, Fairmont, Neb 5
L. O. Leffingwell. Frankfort, Kas.. 5
B. A. Dean, Juniata, Neb 5
Michael Hoferer, Wamego, Kas 5
J. Miner, Friend, Neb T,
L. Brickard, Wood River. Neb G
H. B. Lorain, Upland, Neb 5
Dr. W. P. Cunningham, New York. 5
H. F. Canon, Tecumseh. Neb 5
J. F. Abbott, Unadilla, Neb 3
A. S. Bennett, Forge Village, Mass. 2
Total 1157
To state committee of Neb 2500
GrandHotal 3857
Our readers intending to put out a
strawberry patch should send for price
list of irrigated plants to O. E. Cor
Columbus, Neb.
RAILROAD TAXATION
A Diftcntsion of the IlrTerent Principles
Involved and Suggestions for Tax
ation In Nebraska
Taxation on the one hand and gov
ernment regulation and fixing of rates
on the other, are the upper and nether
millstones from which, railroad men
aver, the railroads have no escape. As
to rate making, however, the exper
ience of Nebraska is sufficient to show
that escape is not very difficult where
those looking after the state's interests
devote their energies to helping the
railroads evade the law. It may he laid
down as a general proposition that the
railroads do not fear rate making and
regulation by the state, because they
have been eminently successful ia
evading laws looking to that end. In
its thirteenth annual report the inter
state commerce commission said: "It
when complaint is made by an ag
grieved shipper."
But taxation is quite another mat
ter. The railroads have never been
so successful in escaping from this
millstone and they fear it. By cor
rupt means, of course, they have to a
great extent kept down the amount or
taxes they pay, either through defeat
ing wholesome tax legislation or in
terfering with the administration of
the laws enacted; but they have not
been very successful in hanging tax
laws up in the courts indefinitely, as
was done with the Nebraska maximum
rate law. -
The Nebraska law relating to the
assessment and taxation of the rail
roads (together with telegraphs, tele
phones, express companies, etc.) needs
amendment, and the reform forces
must take up the fight for a better sys
tem of taxing them.
The populist party stands squarely
by its platform demand for public
ownership of these monopolies, but it
may be a good many years before the
movement will assume large enough
proportions to accomplish the desired
end; and until there is some Imme
diate prospect of success, we must take
conditions as we find them, and make
the best of them. Government con
trol of rates' is so far an "irridescent
dream." But these monopolies can be
made to bear their just proportion of
the taxes, or approximately so, and let
us investigate the various methods
and choose the best.
As to subject matter, railroad taxa
tion may be "divided into three general
classes, although it has been said that
"there is ntf method of taxation pos
sible to ber devised which is not at
this time applied to railroad property
in some part of this country." (Re
port N. Y. Ry tax committee, 1880.)
Speaking generally assessments are
made and taxes levied
1. On property.
2. On capitalization.
3. On receipts. v
A somewhat different classification,
however, may be made, taking into
consideration the underlying prin
ciples involved:
1. The property tax principle.
2. The income tax principle.
3. The fee principle.
"The property tax principle under
lies the systems of most of the statos.
It is embodied .in two distinct forms.
The predominant type is found in the
property tax pure and simple, (as in
Nebraska) where direct assessment of
property, as in the case of individuals,
is the rule. Less prevalent, but no
less significant, is the form exempli
fied in the various taxes on capitali
zation, based on indirect or inferred
valuations of corporate property."
Report of Industrial Commission, vol.
IX., p. 1018.
"The income tax principle lies at the
bottom of the transportation tax sys
tems of a number of the states, where
various taxes on receipts and earn
ings have been established." (Same,
p. 1022.) Under our present Nebraska
constitution it is doubtful whether this
principle could be incorporated into
the laws. "The legislature shall pro
vide . . . revenue ... by levying a
tax by valuation, so that every person
and corporation shall pay a tax in pro
portion to the value of his, her, or its
property and franchises, the value to
be ascertained in such manner as the
legislature shall direct." (Constitu
tion of Nebraska, art. IX., sec. 1.)
But, although no tax . could be based
directly on the income of railroads,
(without amending the constitution)
the legislature could doubtless enact a
law permitting such income to be con
sidered in ascertaining the value of
property and franchises.
"The fee principle lies at the root o?
a variety of impositions levied under
a variety of names; and in some cases
it is almost impossible to distinguish
that part of a levy which is imposed
under the fee principle from that
which is levied under the tax prin
ciple. .The most important of these
levies is the franchise tax." (Rep. Ind.
Com., Vol. IX., p. 1028.) No troublo
would be experienced in levying a ta
on franchises in fact, our constitu
tion demands it; but strange to sav
no legislature has ever undertaken to
designate a way to ascertain the value
of franchises or to tax them. 1
The fee principle works well as sup
plementary to the property tax prin
ciple; but, of course, with the income
tax principle fully in . force, nothing
supplemental Is needed. The prop
ertv tax principle prevails in thirty-
HEADACHE
At a!! drug stcrrs.
2S Doeas 25c.
four states, including Nebraska. In
three of these the tax is supplemente-l
by taxes on receipts, and in Vermont
it is alternative with a tax on receipts.
Twelve states levy taxes on gross re
ceipts. In six of these this tax Is
only supplementary to a tax levied on
some other basis; Vermont has the al
ternative system, as before stated; and
:.. ith the other five states the tax on
gross receipts is the main feature.
. ''New York levies a tax on capital
stock according to dividends, supple
mented by' a tax on gross receipts.
Massachusetts levies a tax on capital
stock tat its market value, with deduc
tions for property locally taxed. Penn
sylvania levies a tax on capital stock
and, bonded debt, supplemented by a
tax on gross receipts. Connecticut
levies a tax on capital stock, supple
mented by a net earnings tax, a tax
on passengers, and a specific tax or.
cars and locomotives. All the more
progressive states have abandoned
mere property valuation as the basis
for the taxation of their transporta
tion companies." (Same, p. 1045.)
Without any change in the Nebras
ka constitution the first and third prin
ciples of taxation may be employe J
in taxing public utilities. The consti
tution requires both property and
franchises to be taxed according to
their value. Why not tax the fran
chises? For years and years the rail
loads have been taxed only upon the
valuation of their physical property.
In recent years they have doubtless
paid their share of taxes on the actual,
tangible property; but their fran
chises have wholly escaped taxation.
Shall we submit to this any longer?
It is high time that the reform forces
get together and nominate men for
the legislature who will do their duty
without fear or favor if they do not
do it, they deserve overwhelming de
feat. How may the value of franchises bo
determined? There are various meth
ods. One is to ascertain the total
value of the railroad by "capitalizing
the net. earnings" and deducting there
from the value of the physical proper
ty. "Capitalizing the earnings" means
this: Suppose the net earnings to be
$1,000,000 and that 5 per cent is held
to be a fair return; such a road would
be worth $20,000,000, franchise and
all; and if the physical property
should be appraised at $15,000,000,
then the franchise would be valued at
$5,000,000.
Another method is to call the market
value of the stocks and bonds the value
of the road, franchise and all. From
this deduct the value of the physical
property, and the remainder is the
franchise value. Where a road runs
through more than one state, each
state is entitled to tax in proportion to
its mileage. This principle has been
upheld by the United States courts.
(See Pullman Car Co. vs. Pennsyl
vania, 141 U. S., 18.)
The easiest method in Nebraska, and
doubtless as fair as any, would be to
ascertain first the total value of the
railroad by reference to the actual or
market value of its stocks and bonds.
Then the valuation of the physical
property may be ascertained in the
same manner as is now in vogue. From
the first deduct the second the re
mainder is franchise. Tax both; but
have the valuations of property and
franchise separate. This is necessary
for the reason that when the question
of fixing rates comes, the rates should
be made with reference to the value of
the physical property.
Two Number One Farms For Sale
One of 360 acres, 150 under cultiva
tion, balance pasture and hay land;
two improvements (can be divided into
two or more farms); all good land; no
waste land and plenty of water. Two
never-failing wells of soft water and
spring in pasture. The other farm,
consisting of 80 acres, 60 acres in cul
tivation, balance timber and pasture,
with splendid improvements and never-failing
supply of water. Price of
both farms, $25 per acre, one-third
down and balance to suit purchaser at
6 per cent on deferred payments. For
further information address E. E.
Warner, Newcastle, Neb., Rural Route
No. 1.
LUCIEN STEBBINS
The Great Middle of the, ltoader ia Heard
From and He Gives His Opinion of
The Independent
North Platte, Neb., March 6. Your
paper is good enough for a paper that
dont relate to any thing. As to its be
ing a peoples party paper, it has bo
trayed and destroyed the peoples par
ty in this state, its whole political in
fluence is given to the support of W. J.
Bryan a democrat that has destroyed
by his indefinite exploytations the
democratic party, the fusionists and
the populists.
Your paper is an irregular tirade cf
declimation against whatever comes
in your mind. You never speak of a
populist encept in vituperation. You
have driven seven or eight thousand
populists in this state to vote the re
publican ticet rather than vote your
"wil-o-the-wisp" fusion.
Better 3Tou look over the work you
have done and correct your nagrati
tude. L. STEBBINS.
(The writing of this statesmanlike
document by the great middle-of-the-roader
was caused by the receipt of a
polite note from this office requesting
Mr. Stebbins to pay up his back sub
scription, which, up to March 7, 1902.
amounted to $4.90. It is only just to
give the views of the middle-of-the-road
populists publication. Since the
True -Populist was discontinued and
he editor was given a lucrative office
by the republicans they have had no
paper in which to express their views.
The editor was therefore glad to print
Mr. Stebbins' communication and gave
orders to the linotype man and proof
reader to very carefully follow the
copy in its reproduction. Ed. Ind.)
Hull, of Iowa?
One of the western congressmen
who had his son appointed to a fine
life position in the army -over tb
heads of men of experience and ser
vice Is at home trying to negotiate a
renomination. His constituents are
propounding some rather hard ques
tions, and his opponent is having some
Buy
Grb
C606
from a big mail order grocery house an old establisLc 1
firm whose reliability is known all over the northwest. Yo'i
can save money by trading with us. We pack all our good?
securely and deliver to depot free. This week we have th -following
to offer: ;
y READ. .
Any of the following combinations
packed securely and delivered to rail
road station here. Remit by draft, ex
press or money order and the goods
will be shipped same day order is received.
COMBINATION NO. 69E.
40 lbs. best fine granulated sugar. $1 00
20 lbs. good rice 1 00
1 keg choice syrup... .- 1 00
2 lbs. choicest uncolored tea.... 100
2 lbs. best baking powder.. 50
3 pkgs. best soda 25
1 lb. purest pepper 25
All the above for $5 00
COMBINATION NO. TOE.
40 lbs. Lest fine granulated sugar. $1 00
4 lbs. roasted Moca-Java coffee.. 1 00
ZZ bars laundry soap 1 00
1 lb. choicest tea. 50
6 lbs.. choice large raisins. 50
6 s. very best rice. 50
2 1 lb. cans best bak. powder... 50
All the above for $5 00
COMBINATION NO. 71E.
40 lbs. best fine granulated sugar. $1 00
4 lbs. Moca-Java coffee 1 00
25 bars laundry soap 1 00
1 lb. choicest tea 50
3 pkgs. best soda 25
3 lbs. best rice 25
3 lbs. soda 25
3 cans lye.... 25
1 lb. best baking powder 25
1 lb. pure pepper 25
All the above for ....$5 00
COMBINATION NO. 72E.
40 lbs. best granulated sugar". ..$1 00
1 keg choice syrup 1 00
1 bucket white fish 75
6 lbs. beans.... 25
3 pkgs. best corn starch 25
1 lbs. best 50c tea 50
1 lb. best baking powder 25
5 lbs. rice 50
5 lbs. choicest raisins 50
All the above for $5 00
SPECIAL COMBINATION NO. 6ii:
40 lbs. best fine granulated sugar. $1
2 lbs. Moca and Java coffee r
3 pkgs. best soda -
4 lbs. fancy evap. peaches
4 lbs. choice raisins i
4 'lbs; choice Cal. prunes...
2 lbs. best baking powder f
x lb. pure pepper.
2 lbs. best tea..,..
e i
All the above for $5
SPECIAL COMBINATION NO. til
1 3-gal. keg choicest syrup $0
4 lbs. Lion or Arbuckle's coffee.
10 lbs. best fine granulated sugar.
1 lb. best tea "
2 lbs. best baking powder
12 bars Fairbank's soap
4 lbs. choice apricots 5-
5 lbs. fancy Japan rice i
6 lbs. choicest raisins "
6 lbs. California prunes r.
All the above for $5 h
SPECIAL COMBINATION NO. 67 E
2 doz. cans choice sweet corn..$l .
1 doz. large cans tomatoes 1
1 doz. cans ojrsters 1 -
6 large cans table peaches 1 .
1 lb. best tea
1 lb. pure pepper
1 lb. best baking powder "
All the above for $5 00
SPECIAL COMBINATION NO. CSV..
40 lbs. best fine granulated sugar. $1 (
25 bars laundry soap 1 i
5 lbs. extra good roasted coffee.. 1 K
1 lb., best uncolored Japan tea.. .
2 lbs. best baking powder f.w
5 lbs. best rice r. )
1-2 lb. best ginger 2".
1 lb. best pepper 2
All the above for $5 00
THE FARMERS GROCERY CO.
226-228-230-232-234-236-238 If&gJif'il&gZgZS''
On
the Press.
1:
0000
Our Spring Catalogue is now on the press and will be
sent through the mailt in a few days.
It will cost you the sending of your
address on a postal card, and can
easily save you from
$5 to $25
according to your Clothing needs.
Samples of goods, full description,
with prices quoted, giving you all
the advantage possible for ordering
by mail.
You owe it to yourself to get
our prices and compare with others.
If you do, we believe you will
promptly decide in our favor.
Remember, we have been in the
Clothing Business in Nebraska for
twenty years, and our present vast
business is evidence that we have
V I II I I -Ml
mi CLOTHING
anDH.
the confidence of all Clothing Buyers who know us.
ricntion this paper.
Lincoln, Nebraska.
u
MARBLE, GRANITE, SLATE
Several hundred FINISHED MONUMENTS
always on hand, from which selections can be made.
A personal call desired where this is not convenient we
will mail designs, prices, etc.
Send for illustrated booklet, free. "Mention this paper
KIMBXLL BROS.,
1500 0 Street. Lincoln, Nebr.
J)
0