The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902, February 27, 1902, Page 8, Image 8

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February 27, 1902,
Main Office
Lincoln, Heb.
Nerrunt, Chronic and
Private Diseases,
All private diseases sod dis
orders of men. Treatmemt
br mail : consultation f ree.
hrphllit cured for Ufa.
All forms o! female weak
ness and Diseases of Women.
Enables us to guarantee to cure all cases curable
el tne noce, tnroat. cdest. swniacn, urer, uiooo,
'akin and kidney dieeapec. Lost Manhood, Night
Kmiwionp, Hydrocele, Varicocele, Gonorrhea,
Gieet, Pile. Fistula and Rrcta: Ulcers, Diabetes
and Bricbt's Disease, 31100.00 for a case of
rS"iPHlLa we cannot cure, if curable.
Stricture SGIsfil method without pain or
cutting. Consultation FKtE. Treatment by mail
CalL or address with staraj 1 Mala Office
flrs. Searlss & Ssarles I Lz?.
A Distinction That the Independent Is Still
Unable to See Harbors Always Delong
to the Whole People
" Editor Independent: I notice that
the editor repeats his question to sin
gle taxers as to social values. Per
mit me a word.
In my opinion the editor fails to dis
criminate between such values as. at
tach to a thing which is the product of
human toil and social values that at
tach to land. In one instance it is la
bor bestowed upon the raw material
to make an article of utility that gives
it is value. This thing, being the prod
uct of toil, it follows, if exact jus
tice Is maintained and all have equal
access to the raw material (nature's
resources), that the toiler has the
right to name the conditions upon
which he will part with the product
of his effort.- It cannot be construed
into injustice, if two or more men.hav
ing equal access to the resources of
X ' " I 11.1 M
nature, inauuiaaure auy aruciea oi
utility and then freely exchange th5
products of their toil, one with thi
other. The injustice can only . appear
when the one secures the source 'of
supply and then names to the pro
ducer the term3 on which he may produce.-
The editor, I think, makes another
error when he says that the goods in
mercantile houses would become val
ueless in the event of the disappear
ance of the community. As long as
any person is left, the product of hu
man toil, except it be a useless ar
ticle, will still possess a utility valve
(as distinguished from exchange value)
though such value may somewhat di
minish, since the larger the society,
the greater will human wants appear;
while in the absence of the community
land values would entirely disappear.
Now, social values of land are ex
clusively those values that attach to
land in proportion as this land is de
sirable for location, such as harbors
and all natural advantages. Now these
values are not in any conceivable sense
of the term the product of human toil,
except so far as the whole of the com
munity prove enterprising. If, then,
they are natural values and rightfully
belong to all mankind, by what rule
of justice or equity can one person
claim them? Land cannot be increased
or diminished in area. It must al
ways remain the same in extent. But
the productivity of mankind is illimit
able. A man might be totally divested
of every form of wealth that human
toil has established, yet could live and
finally prosper in his way, if left free?
to apply his labor to the earth. On
the other hand, give him the wealth
of the human family, but separate him
from the earth, and his death from
want will only be. a question of hours.
It therefore follows that those who
control the source of supply Includ
ing the means of using nature's re
sources and conveying the finishel
product to the market control the
welfare of mankind.
Now I have never known a single
taxer who was not also a greenbacker.
The single taxer recognizes the im
portance of leaving the medium e?
exchange between mankind absolutely
free. But he also sees the greater im
portance of having the source of sup
ply also free, for if the source of all
wealth, the earth, is monopolized, it
matters not what the medium of ex
change may be, the real master will
be the man who has the monopoly of
the earth. A gentleman once said to
Henry George: "If I control the me
dium , of exchange I can make it em
barrassing for you." "True," said
George, "but if I own the earth and tell
you to move off, what will you do?"
asking questions, permit me a few.
AO v V, 11 tllUb 1V1 iXi KJL LC A
upon the products of human toil tends
to check, hinder or prohibit the pro
duction of them? If such is tru-?,
would not the converse also h trim
that is, the removal of the tax be a
stimulation to production? If pro
duction were stimulated, would it "not
create a greater demand for labor?
it there were a greater demand for
labor would It not rise in price? Is 5t
not true that the market value of any
thing is fixed by the demand for that
thing In relation to the supply? Is it
not true that land values attach ex-
- rtitetrol tr- frt in nrAnAnf !xr . A-1-. .
demand for It. and not primarily t
what may be hidden in it? For in-r
fitanpp thft irnld mi-no xehlrh ' the edi
tor mentions, is not valuable simply
because it is gold, but because men
want the gold. ; Now. if only one man
demanded the use cf the land where
the gold lay hidden, the chances are
.1.-1 A. 1 1 I. x 1. a .
max ie migui secure it iree ui any
tax. So the price he might have to
pay for it would not be regulated by
what he took from the earth, hut. hv
the demand for that particular site. Tf
this value attaches to land as the sole
icaun ui.iuc unjnuu iui it. auu 11 iu:
11RP. of ih earth 1s rle'htfiill v ; the
heritage of all men and if there are
some spot3 of its surface more desir
able and therefore more valuable than
men to occupy these more valuable
sites, is it any more than justice that
those, .who are dispossessed should
have something to say as to the te rims
upon which the users of , it may so
use it? t .'
If this value attaches to land :s
the result of the demand for It, is it
not true that land values are in tU)
centers of population? If so, would
not a tax upon those values, instead
of upon the , products of toil, relieve
the already overburdened agricultur
al classes; of their present burden of
taxation? Is It not true . that in all
ur cities large tracts of land are held
out of use for speculative purposei ?
Is it any advantage to the people at
large that this land should be held out
of use? Does this unoccupied land en
hance the value of the property sur
rounding it? Does it beautify th
city? Does it employ labor? Is it-not
true that our present system of taxa
tion Is equivalent to fining a man for
being enterprising and offering a pre
mium on Indolence? If not, what else
can we call it when we increase taxes
as improvements are made and de
crease them as the property is al
lowed to go to ruin? -'If the single tar
principles were applied, would it nut
result in forcing idle holders of idle
land to improve it? If that were done,
would it not create a demand for la
bor and the products of the farm? And
would not this great demand for la
bor cause a rise in its price and make
prosperity permanent?
These questions misrht be extends!
indefinitely, but I will close for the
present with the single statement,
for which I challenge contradiction,
that since the majority of the Ameri
can people are Jiving in rented homs
they are - already paying the single
tax, in addition to other taxes, th
only difference being that the land
lord is the collector and beneficiary
and we propose that the public shall
be. L. J. QUINBY.
Hs Couldn't "rigger"
An old farmer writes a private let
ter to The Independent in which .ho
says that he has been having trouble
with a mullet head all on account of
the fact that the said mullet head did
not know the multiplication table. He
says he showed the man the article by
Dr. Lyman. Abbott, which appeared in
The Independent in which the state
ment was made that if a man begin
ning at the birth of Adam had saved
$100 a day for the 3C0 working days in
each year until now, he would not nave
a sum equal to the Vanderbilt fortune,
and the man declared that it was an
a pop lie. The farmer says that ha
submitted to . him the. following fig
ures: From Adam until now, y rs . . C00O
Multiply by 300 days for
each year.
$100 per day.
That is twenty millions short of thii
amount the old man Vanderbilt owned
when he died and he by some means
accumulated it all in one lifetime. Th
farmer says that the mullet head hav
ing denied the accuracy of the. finuros
he did not ask him by what means
such an enormous amount of wealth
came into one man's hands during one
short lifetime.
The disgust that the farmer ex
presses for this mullet head applies
equally to the two by four congress
man who struts about Washington and
imagines himself a statesman while he
votes for the laws and policies under
which a man can accumulate $200,
000,000 in one short lifetime. See the
pigmy with an air of wisdom which is
expected to duly impress the rustics
and listen to him while he denounces
all men as wild-eyed lunatics wnu
make objections' to great accumula
tions of capital or point to the danger
that lurks in a system that will soon
make nearly the whole populatioa
hirelings whose very existence depends
upon subserviency. Watch him as he
contemptiously refuses to discuss these
questions with any opponent chal
lenging him to a joint discussion. No
tice how he smiles whenever a corpor
ation magnate condescends to.Jook at
him. That man is a bigger fool than
the one who did not know the multi
plication table.
The Rights of flan
Editor Independent: Being an
ancient republican and abolitionist, I
know and recollect the doctrine taught
by U3 from '53 to '66. ' It was then the
declaration pure and simple. "Free
and equal" was the war cry, and we
always closed our speech by saying:
"The gates of hell should not prevail
against it." Now the facts are,
whether man was created by omni
potent and supernatural power or
came by spontaneous generation, he
has inalienabla rights to life, liberty
and the pursuit of happiness. We ad
mit that one generation could not leg
islate for all time to come, nor are
the same laws adapted to all people
or nations, but the Inalienable rights
of man remain the same, and that
governments derive their just powers
from and by the consent of their sub
jects. This theory of government by
the people does not preclude the mak
ing of laws to regulate elective fran
chise based on common sense and
knowledge , of government affairs,
based on majority rule of the compe
tent must govern. : The divine right of
kings was fought out in 1776 on the
bloody; fields of Bunker Hill. Lexing
ton and Saratoga, and in 1812 on Lake
Erie and at New Orleans, and written
down by the author-hero of the Amer
ican revolution.. Whoever undertakes
to reverse the question of the right of
governments by the people and for
the people opens the gates of hell. I
am for the Declaration.
Union, Neb. c " . :
Buy and Try a Box Tonight
While you think of it, go buy and
try a box of Cascarets Candy Ca
thartic, ideal laxative, tonight. You'll
never- regret it. Genuine tablets
stamped . C. C. C. , Never sold in
bulk. All druggists, ioc
When writing to advertisers do not
fail to mention The Independent. If
our; advertisers don't treat you rigb;
One Third of the Liberty Building Postals Necessary
to be Sold for the Construction of Liberty
Building Disposed of in one iVlonth
All Who Have Tried Find It an Easy Matter to Sell thfe Postals to Neigh
". bors.' Some Have Sold as Many as Four Blocks . .
In its history The Independent never
announced a proposition to its readers
and asked them for their assistance in
pushing it to a success that met the
enthusiastic support that has been
given for the construction of a Liberty
Building. We have received sufficient
requests for blocks of five . together
with the sale to the state committee ti
cover more than one-third of the 2,000
blocks we offered for sale. Of the 10,
000 cards necessary to be sold 3,500
have already been subscribed for. So
far only one block has been-returned
by any reader of The Indepsndent un
sold. There are a considerable num
ber, however, not yet heard from, but
every mail brings the mo3t encourag
ing reports and results. Several have
ordered the third or fourth block of
five and have found it easy to dispose
of all of them. If you have not yet
ordered a block of five we would ba
more than pleased to have you do so.
There is no more effective political
work that can be done than to help in
crease the circulation of The Inde
pendent in your neighborhood. One
loyal friend at Sparta, Tenn., writes:.
"I enjoy reading your paper. I can
feel in its columns the back-bone Of
its editor and the unafraid beating
of his outspoken pulse. Wish we 4had
ten thousand more like The Indepen
dent." ;
Perhaps it is not possible to have
"ten thousand more like The , Inde
pendent," but w ith the assistance of
our friends and subscribers it is pos
sible to increase the good it is doing
by ten thousand times by increasing
its circulation. Men who read The
Independent soon come to understand
the operations of organized greed and
soon see what complete control the
trusts and aristocracy have of the re
publican party. They see the prophetic
words of Abraham Lincoln being ful
filled. In a speech at Peoria, 111., in
1854, Lincoln predicted the growth of
imperialism exactly as it has grown.
He said:
"Little by little, but steadily as
man's march to the grave, we have
been giving up the old for the new
faith. Near eighty years ago we be
gan by declaring that all men are
created equal; but, now, from that be
ginning we have run down to the other
declaration that for some men to en
slave others is a 'sacred right of self
government.' These principles caii
not stand together. They are as op
posite as God and Mammon; and who
ever holds to the one must despise the
In 1857. at the same place, referring
to the same subject, he said:
"In those days our Declaration of In
dependence was held sacred by ail.
and thought to include all; but now
to aid in making the bondage universal
and eternal it is assailed and sneered
at and construed and hawked at and
torn, till, if its framers could rise
from their graves, they could not at
all recognize it."
Already the FREEDOM OF THE
PRESS guaranteed by the constitution
has been seriously crippled through
the imperialistic rulings of a third
class assistant clerk in the postofflce
department. One large publication un
able to circulate in free America has
found greater FREEDOM OF THE
PRESS beneath the folds and protec
tion of the flag of the greatest mon
archy on earth. Americans have
stood idly by while "little by little,
but steadily as man's march to the
grave" the forces of imperialism have
trampled upon one of the most sacred
privileges guaranteed to American
citizens. Already through the . power
of the Associated press the .national
administration practically ruin by
false representation and . malicious
criticism every citizen or official who
dares to denounce its imperialistic
policy. Their plan is to . destroy all
who will not indorse and join wjth
them in the plunder of foreign, coun
tries and the destruction of liberty at
home. The Independent defies them.
It will not join with them. It appeals
to the plain people for their patronage
and support, and will fight the best,
fisht that it can against the encroach
ments of organized greed. Will -you
join in the battle?
What we need most is a home. At
present we are located in a building
which we rent. In the midst of a cam
paign or other inconvenient time we
might be compelled to move. To that
extent we are at the mercy of land
lordism. What we desire to do is to
buy a little spot of mother earth from
which we can fearlessly champion the
cause of good government and defend
the plain people from the aggressions
of organized greed, and from which
we cannot be driven by the-order of
some plutocrat. We want to construct
a "Liberty Building," dedicated to the
defense ofthe liberties of the plain
people. In time of peace we wish to
prepare for war. ;
We need a building 30x142 feet, two
stories high, of. the most , economical
, We will use it without plastering,
heat it with ordinary heating stoves
and be thoroughly happy and. at. home
to and for all our friends and patrons.
We will get along without the luxury
of steam heat or hot air furnace. ,
The plan adopted to accomplish
the undertaking Is to sell "Liberty
Building Postals" in blocks of five for
$3.00. Each postal is good for a year's
subscription to The Independent to ue
sent, to any address in the United
States or Canada. What we ask of our
friends and , patrons is their, co-operation
in disposing of. 2,000 blocks of 5v
10,000 cards.. We have made the
price low to make it easy for them to
dispose of the cards.; When you ask
your neighbor to buy one of these
cards you are not asking him to con -
in reality offering to sell him a year's
subscription to , The independent at 40
cent, less than he could buy the sub
scription direct. We can afford to make
thi3 low rate for these cards in blocks
of five for three ! reasons i First, we do
not have to pay an agent his wages
and traveling expenses to secure the
subscriptions. All that expense, which
is usually - heavy, we avoid by this
method. V Second, we will use the mon
ey to build a home for The Indepen
dent anA. quit paying rent which now
costs us - $65 per month. Third, we
wished to make it easy for our friends
to sell the cards. Those are the plain
reasons -why we are selling "Liberty
Building Subscriptions" in blocks of
five at the low figure we are. We have
been as liberal in our offer as possi
ble. It costs more money to publisa
a paper devoted to the defense of tne
plain people than to publish one ad
vocating the causo cf plutocracy. The
money - power 'would gladly furnish
material to fill all our columns free of
charge if we would accept it. They
would be liberal with their advertis
ing patronage and generous to a fau'.t
if we would, indorse their legalized
robberies.-;' That's why plutocratic
sheets cost so little Shall we give you
that , kind of a papsr? , Never! We
will print the truth and sell the paper
as cheaply as vwe -can. Invite your
neighbor to; try it for a year. Ask
him to compare it with the hand-me-downs
and ready made stuff furnished
him by the organs of plutocracy.
Here is the roll of Liberty Guards
and what they have done to date. Let
us add your name to the list:
, . No. cards
. . ; , ordered.
S. J, Boies, Hough, Neb;.......... 5
C. M. Lemar, W ahoo, Neb ......... 5
A. C. Caskey, Oregon, Mo. ......... 5
F. L: Buel, Hickman,. Neb.. 5
Joseph ,Burr, Leotl, Kasi. 5
Arthur. Gwynn; Palmer, Neb 5
R. D. Parsons, Ameia, Neb 5
W. .DeVoe, Brooklyn, N. Y. . ...... i.
G. W. Ben jamin, Trenton, Neb 5
J. Higgins, Cambridge, Neb 5
P. J. Fox, Amsterdam,-N. Y. ...... . 5
C. A. Skoog, Holdrege, Neb 5
J. F.-Dodd, St. Paul, Neb.. 5
A. W. Pomeroy, Germantown, Neb. 5
JosephTE., Spencer, Beemer, Neb... 5
H. D. Rogers;- De Witt, Neb 5
H. L. "Shelton, . Wauneta, Neb 5
A. B. .S. cyder. Folks, O. 5
G. A. .Will, Ithaca, Neb . ....... 5
Otto. Trittschuh, Middletown, Ind.. 5
W, S. "tfadley, Arlington, Neb 10
J.' M. Smi tli', Baker, Neb ..10
H. L iiittle, Stegall, Tenn 5
G. Hickel, ;Ashland, : Neb 5
Chancy; Cooper, Leland, 111........ 5
Wm. Alexander, Elba, Neb 5
J. C. Stocking, Wahoo, Neb 30
iG. W. Ferbrache, Sutherland, Neb.. 5.
L. M. Calvin, Ough, Neb,. 5
Paul Nelsoix; Pilger, Neb 3
Vaughn, Foster, . East Bethel, Me.. 5
A. C. Caskey, Oregon,- Mo. i
Matt Sterup; Gresham, Neb. 7.
J. A. Moline, Ogallala, Neb 3
Eugene Munn, Lincoln, Neb 5
Wmi Neville, Blue Vale, Neb
W. H. Toy, Lincoln,; Neb. 5
Jonathan Higgins, Cambridge, Neb. 5
S.. Hunziker, ? Guide Rock, Neb... 5
M. M. Halleck, Ciarks, Neb.. .. 5
Mr. H. F. Canon,. ,Tecumseh, Neb.. 5
Dr. W. P. Cunningham, 336 West
14th New York city.......... 5
H,B. Lorain, rUpland, Neb 5
Hi L, Watts, Marshall, Ark 5
T. W. Grahberry, Long Pine, Neb.. 5
J. B. Wolfe; Tamora, Neb ......... h
W. F. Wagner, Bertrand, Neb ..... 5
J. S. Freeman, Columbus. Neb. .... S
J. H. Harper,5 Shubert,.Neb... 5
Cornelius Horan, Rulo, .Neb. ...... .10
J. R. Lind. Negunda, Neb . 5
W. .H. Ground, Prosser, Neb...... --5.
Wrri. Surman, Carlinville, III...... 5
J. E. Jamison, , Battle Hill, Va . .... S
C. Sorensen, Dannebrog, Neb ...... 5
A. H. Stegall, , De Land, Fla 5
J. C Andre, Logan; Neb .......... f
A. L. . Caskey, Oregon, Mo........ 5
F. G. Welch, Cedar, la. .
B. F. Ormsby, GrangeVille, la...... 5
J. M. Smith, . Baker, Neb; ; ..... T
Wm. Thomssen, Grand Island, Neb. -V
J. M. Elrod, Madison, Neb. .10
J. A. Greenlee. Betrand Neb. ..... 5
u. ii. Jenry, Chadron, Neb.........
W. E, Mullikin, ' Somerset, Neb 5
W. C. Brown, York, Neo. r
J. C. Dietfick, York, Neb. 5
A. W. Halleck; Claris,-Neb........ 5
R. C. Snyder, Eaton, c, . . . . . ... ... 5
Abner De; France,.. El Reno, O. T... 5
J. M. Jamison, Valparaiso, Neb .... 5
L. W. Hubbell, Francesyille, Ind.. 5
Mrs, E. J. Harkelrcde, Wassie, O. . 5
Peter Sauber, Aurora, 111. .... . ... T,
W, C. Brown.' Brairiard, Neb. . . ... . 5
H. C. Stoll, Beatrices Neb. Vs. .... . . 6
J. H. Cronk, Ord, Neb i ....... ...... 5
M. N. 4 Shoemaker,' Union, Neb.-. . , 5
O. T. Baughn, Tobias, Neb ........ 5
D. C. Butler, Kingsley, Ore. .... . . . 5
Lewis Rickard, Wood - River, Neb. . 5
B. N. Cleveland, Fremont, Neb .... 5
W. W. Smith, Peru, .Neb.. o
E. O. Smead, Kearney, Neb. . . . .... . ..
Sands Brownell, 3alem, Ore........ 5
C. "Sorenson, Dannebrog, Neb. 5
Wm. Surman. Carjinville, 111... .
C. T. Bride, Washington, D. C... . 5
Marshall ,Mayo, Rio, 111.'. ...... 5
Julius Smith, Salem, Neb. .......... Z
Mamie Fenton; Dawson,. Neb. ..... 5
Win. Graves; Rulo,; Neb 5
E. R. Woods,", Burwell, Neb. ....... 5
S. A. Hauston, Pickaway, W. Va... 5
Thos. O. Clark,-Baltimore, Md vC
Alfred Anderson, Stromsburg, Neb . 5
A. P. Sheenden,- Willmar, Minn. . . 5
A. S. Bennett," Forge Village, Mas3. 2
H C. Stoll, Beatrice, Neb .......... 5
A L Caskey, Oregon, Mo . 5
Jas. A., Haley, Philadelphia, ; Pa. . . 5
F. M. Hayes, Rensselaer, Ind ...... Z
A.i C. Cameron, Brownsdale. Minn . . 5
L. E. Hallstead, Petersburg. Neb. . 5
Chas, -M .' Bowen, Bath, N.-;"Y.V. . :.. 5
O. Z.. Zook, Hillsboro, Ore . . . . ....... 5
P. B, Neai, Madison, N. C. . ... . . . . . 5
J. Miner, . Friend, Neb . 5
W. E.' Billeter, Aihsworth Neb '5
R. C. Snyder, Eaton, O.. ........... 5
J" M. Elrod, Madison, Neb ....;. . . . 5
Peter Johnson, .Gordon, Neb. ....... 3
J. W. Rdqth, Londonville, O........ 5
Geo. Gillett, Burwell, Neb. ...... ... u
J. E. Guthrie, Comstock, Neb. . ..... o
E. S.: Gilbert, Weeping Water, Neb. "$
Louis - Berry, Pawnee - City Neb. ... 5
S. G. Halle, Clearwater, Neb...... 5
J. P, Bridges, Mt. Airy,. Ga........ 5
Mrs. Ellen Rice, So. Dayton, N. Y. T.
J. N. Diffendal, Finksburg, Md. . .HO
J. L. Brouse, Stratton, Neb. -...... 5
C. W. Kinch, Lexington, Neb. . ... ." 5
S. G. Mower Falls Cityi ' Neb...... 10
Albert Beals, Omard, Mich ...
Wm. Hancock, Loup City, Neb... Jl I
D. P. Pugh, Imperial, Neb......... -5
C. J. Jackson, Nolanville, Tex.... 6
J. W. Bray, Falls City, Neb. ..15
Wilfred Lebert, Archer Neb. . ...... 5
W. . E. -Freeman, Cashing, Neb. . . ., 5
L. E. ; Hallstead, Petersburg, Neb . , ': 3
S. Hunziker, Guide Rock, Neb.'... 5
J. W. Bray, Table Rock, Neb "
D. E.. Burkey, Giltner, Neb. ....... "5
Lewis Reynolds, Union, Neb...... 5
J. -F. Abbott Upadilla-, Neb. ....... S
Mrs. Eliza Sovt'ards, Ashland, Neb.. 5
J. M.-Babb, Clayton, 111 5
Jas. O'Fallon, Mead, Neb..... . C
Wm. Scott, St. Paul, Neb. . ......... 5
C. J. West,, St. Paul,. Neb........... 5
Joseph Wittwer, Salsm, Neb ....... S
jC. W.' Duncan, Pilger, Neb......... 5
D. W. Haskins, Geneva, Neb. . . . .... 5
Lewis Frey,. Fairmont. Neb. 5
L.. O.-Leflingwell, Frankfort, Kas. . 5
A. W. Cox, Bladen. Neb.. ....10
B. A. Dean; Juniata, Neb.......... 5
Michael Hoferer, Wamego, Kas.... c
J. Miner, Friend, Neb. ............ 0
L. Brickard, Wood River. Neb..'..-.; T
H. B. Lorain, Upland, Neb. . . . . . . . 5
Dr. W. P. Cunningham, New York. 5
H. F.. Canon, Tecumseh, Neb . 5
Total ;S22
To state committee ' of - Neb . . . '. .'.2500
Grand total 3322
The Plan of the Ittiilr;td to Tk nil the
ropl Produce Snre VVbRt Will -!
MaiiitHin K.ltence
One of the greatest obstacles In the
way of getting a fair amount of taxea
out of western railways is that th'iy
are capitalized for a much larger fiura
than ; tKey ought to be. When a de
mand is made for taxes in proportion
to the taxes paid by other forme, of
property the managers of . the roads
point to small dividends and ask if
the state Intends to burden-owners
who get little or nothing out of their
property. '
The truth is. that the bonds, resting
on most of the western roads repre
sent the entire cost of construction. If
the preferred stock and bonds be taken
together, they stand in thq aggregate
for more than the cost of construction.
When western roads and' a good
many eastern ones-pay the interest
on their bonds they are, in fact, paying
good interest on all the actual cash
put into them. When they also pay
dividends on -preferred stock they
more than pay interest oh all the act
ual cash put into them. - v V.-
The local managers of the lines aro
forced to try to keep clown their taxes.
The roads are controlled by financiers
who want to get dividends on watered
stock as well as on cash . invested;
Wall street brings a heavy pressure
on the managers to keep rates up and
expenses down. .
If the railways of the, United States
were honestly capitalized it is highly
probable that 85 per cent of them
would be charging lower rates to the
public than at. present and would be
paying satisfactory dividends' to their
Overcapitalization, however, der
mands that rates shall be maintained
at the : highest possible rate, so that
an actual market value, based on earn
ing capacity, shall be given to the
masses of stocks and bonds based vc.
the lines. " ' v - '
The people thus are 'made to pay
tribute, so far as it is possible to ex
act tribute from them, on the basis of
inflated capital; At . the same ; time,
the managers of the roads, in, response
to Wall street pressure, seek to pay
taxes only on the basis of the actual
cost of building the lines. They want
to leave out of account the peculiar
powers and .monopolistic privileges
granted to the railways by. the public.
The public replies that if those priv
ileges and powers enable the railways
to gain large revenues they, are prop
erty that properly is. subject to taxa
tion. The railways must not charge
rate s based on immense stock and bond
issues, on the one hand, and pay taxes
based on a fraction of the actual cost
of building the linesron the other. Tho
people would get a "whole lot the worst
of that arrangement. These are soma
of the reasons why the assessed valua
tion of railways and similar corpora
tions should: be based on the market
value of the stocks and bonds. .: '
Only .a few weeks ago Justice Brew
er of the United States supreme court
held, in a. very important case, that
assessment of railways baSed'on the
market value of stocks and bonds is a
fair and equitable assessment. Den
ver News. ,
Dr. Bye, the. Eminent Specialist,' on
the treatment of cancer, Kansas City,
Mo., states that in his long years of
extensive practice in the treatment of
carcinoma has proven beyond a doubt
that the disease is hereditary, . having
successfully treated as many as four
or more members of one family suffer
ing from the disease. The Doctor ha.r
printed a valuable book, profusely il
lustrated, which is sent free. Parties
afflicted or ; having friends "afflicted
Should write him. Address Dr. W. O.
Bye,; Kansas ' City, Mo.
What They Could do
"Let us ttry to comprehend: this
power. Two of our rich, men can pay
the entire indebtedness of the United
States and have money left for steam
yachts and to break the bank ofJMoiite
Carlo. Six. of them can assume tho
debts of . either -Great Britain, Ger
many Russia, or s Italy and another
member or two added would make it
possible to carry the Indebtedness of
Blaqk taffeta silk waists, all lined,
solid tucks back and front, vel-
v vet buttons, al! sizes
Satin waists; in red, green, tan
and brown, all sizes, special
Percale shirt waists, solid tucked,
in pink, blue, lavender and moire
, stripes, .special bargain at. ..... ,
Walking skirts in Oxford gray;
' with five gores, welt seams, 4
i inch tailor stitching, one of our
, best values, at.
Percale wrappers, in blue, gray,
red and black and white, worth
$1.25, at,..
$3tG i
........ 50
One of the notable features of our
Dress Goods section is the Extensive
C collection of new and pretty fabric.
suitable for shirt waists, skirts an
outire dresses. All priced as low
; . pocrible.
Corded dimities and tissues, in col
cred, or white grounds, a beautir
iul selection of cholca styles and
targaias, at. ..........
Printed batiste, a fine quality in
dainty colorings, unusual val
ues, at....:..'...
Mercerized cords in a large and"
choice line of. colorings, at
Embroidered tissues, beautiful fab
rics in exquisite colorings, at..
Fancy striped crash, particularly
adapted for waists, at. .
We show a choice line of fine em
. broidered Swiss in dainty, color
. ingsat $1.25, $1.00 and.....
3 5 1
STORE.' : : ' " '' " '- -.
Send , for samples of dress . goodp,
wash goods, laces, embroidery,' etc.-;
' SEWING MACHINES with all f
attachments, 5 drawers, drop h
and all fully warranted, for $2".
$19.50 and $17.50.
Tin rl ti
)MiiH pitcMicK iYPEW
Utmw - -KJUJjl""""'
A dollar of service for every
dollar of cost. That is tne
, m record. Illustrated book free.
Smith Premier Typewriter Co.
Cor; 17th and FarnamSts., 0maha,Neb.
AstocSatocl Press Keports oii (lie Nebraska
Stiuljird OH Caao IJrought by At
" " torney -General &mytU .' ' ;
Nebraska's - supreme court has dls
posed of the la$t case brought against
the trusts of that state by the late
c-mocratic attorney general.' The de
cision,. as usual, was in favor of : the
trust that the parties complained of
were not members of a trust. -Sioux
Falls Press. - -.' . ..-;'... ' ' '
"As usual'?-'"the : 'great' iiews-gather:
ing concerns manage, to get the hows
so garbled .that ' no' correct conclusions
can , be drawn. They invariably man
age to .create an impression favorable
to anything: H"ohe by the republican
party and unfavorable to any party
opposed- to it, The Press is - not to
blame for. forming an erroneous bpin
ion of bur supreme court--the fault lies
with . the newsgathering . monopolies
Former : Attorney . General Smyth, a
democrat, began a number of suits in
the supreme court to enforce the Ne
braska. anti-trust law. . . Chief among
these were ,Uie cases of State vs; Stand
ard Oil Co: and State vs. ArgoIanu
facturing; Co (a part of 'the starch
trust). ' The supreme court Is composed
of one democrat, one populist and one
republican; Mr. Smyth was. opposed
by the strongest attorneys in Nebraska
la the Standard Oil case, notably Sena
tor Thurston, J. M. Wool worth, ,W. D
McHugh and others. Every step of the
ground was contested to the bitter
end, but Mr. Smyth had the Standard
Oil -case won .practically when - his
term of office expired. . f -
The wave of the "full dinner pail"
submerged Nebraska, and a full 'com
plement r of. republican state offieers
were elected; and the state "redeemed,",
excepting , the ; supreme .ourt. 1 Mr.
Smyth's successor, was a partisan re
publican, a good pettifogger in justice
court, but wholly . incompetent--and
worse-rto represent the interests' of
the people of Nebraska, lie naa'tne
opportunity of a lifetime to make
himself famous by getting a victory
out of : the hard . work done by. Mr.
Smyth. But .he simply, allowed the
case to go by default.
Referees had been appointed by the
court to hear the testimony and make
and report' findings of fact and con
clusions of law. " Most of the testimony
was in ; the form of depositions, and
these ; referees,' upon . what ; The Inde
pendent considers exceedingly flimsy
grounds, ruled out the most impor
tant . testimony and then reported - to
the supreme court that as a matter of
tact, the sate had not sufficient eyf
dence to ; support its contention1 and
that as a 'matter of law the defendant
company was entitled to a judgment
of dismissal. - The court gave ten days
in which exceptions might be filed
to i this report, but the attorney gen
eral' stubbornly refused, to .file 'any.
He was satisfied with the referees'; re
port; it was against the siate and In
favor of an infamous trust, and . that
just, suited -.him. . i ' .
The court could do ; nothing except
to render judgmentupon the report of
the referees.: It could not assume the
role -of , court and public . prosecutor.
The fate of the litigation was in the
attorney -' general's hands j" and be
helped out; the trust. The people of
Nebraska are not entitled to any sym
pathy, however, because th ey, elected
him. They -voted for a-trutit attorney
general ahd they got it. Irt the Argo
rastheattorneygeneral tcok the blt
didn't "want to make an ass of h!
self," dismissed the ease. There w
no dangernature had attended
that pretty ..effectually.
... , Prohibit Passes
The public business of every ??..
in the union suffers from the grant!:
ofrrailroad passes and franking pr
lieges over telegraph, telephone at
express lines. It is not only a puL!1
nuisance, but a very grave (iam
to ' every public interest. Why i
suppress it? It is one of the easn -things
in the, world to accompli.-:.
Let the next legislature pass a bill run
tainlng the following words:
Be it enactedetc.: No public offn
or person elected or appointed to pn
lie office under the laws of the star
shall directly or Indirectly ask. !.
mand, accept, receive or consent
receive for his use of benefit, or t
the use of benefit of another, any fn
pass, free transportation, frankin.
privilege or discrimination In passes
ger, telegraph, telephone or expre
rates from any.person or corporatlor:
or make use of the same himself or i
conjunction with another. A
who violates any provision of th"
section shall be deemed guilty of
misdemeanor and shall forfeit his of
fice at the" suit of the attorney eennrj i
Any corporation or officer or arr.
thereof who shall offer or promise r
a, public officer or person elected n.
appointed to.a public office any w :
free pass, free transportation, frank
ing privilege or discrimination sha!
also be deemed guilty of a misd"
meanor and liable to punishment, r
cept as herein provided. No person
or officer, Or agent, of a corporatlui
giving any such free pass, free trar.
portation franking privilege or dis
crimination hereby prohibited shall
privileged from testifying in relatlof:
thereto, and he shall not be liable t
civil or criminal prosecution tfcerefo
if he shall testify to the giving of th
Hss Republican Dyspepsia
The Conservative seldom resent
criticism. But it can not resignedly
submit to being classed among th--1
democratic periodicals of Nebraska
This journal owes no allegiance to th
adulterated democracy of today in thi
state. Democracy has been dilutr !
with populism until there is no health
in it. and Is so highly flavored wm
"the initiative and referendum" that
it has a nauseating taste, which causes
the goree to rise.
The Conservative is not an exponent
of fusion in Nebraska. The Conserva-
tive protests against the libel of beinc
classed as democratic under the "Ne
braska 'standard, where populirt va
garies are as sixteen-to-one a?a'n-r
tho real principles of democracy.
Jsterlingmorton's Conservative.
No Surprise
Many people in Lincoln have be?n
surprised at the audacity of the c:tr
council of that place granting two
blocks right of way in one of their
principal paved streets to a railroad
company to lay a switch track.. But
no one need be surprised at anythins:
coming from, the outfit which helped
get Bartley out of . the penitentiary In
rtr-rtaiv to ni-vfiTif ti pirnnsA or tneir
rottenness. Omaha and Lincoia city r
governments could give the muc1- (
talked of Tammanyites pointers whei
t comes to corruption in politics.