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About The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 27, 1900)
THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT
December 27, 1900.
THE KEW CEKTUHY
3et tm r tati! Iha
The rtfervndara is the "logical" pro
o to obtain the will of the people on
any subject, bat when the people num-U-r
7C.(rjfcc0 and Are spread over &
etTZZlmm 3.0C xailet broad. It is c
t'o and costly procet- For cities
and tovu it I neither a slo cor
err costly proc. and ebotjld be re
torted to whenever any coafiderabie
number cf the people desire It.
No great line of policy w ever
adopted by the American people un
til after snany year of discussion, dur
ing which Uase there were many elec
tion. That vaa true of the annexa
tion of Texaa. of the slavery question
and many other. The question of an
Asnericaa ytea of finance has been
before the pcp!e ! year than any
cif the other great quf-itlom that have
been finally ttdL After every elec
tion on which the majority aid they
were not rrady for a change it was al
ways proclaimed that the question was
finally setrlHL Hut then it was not
Thai is what we have heard very fre
quently said ahoct the rold standard
and the issne of money by the hanks.
A republican can always e recog
nized by the following characteristics:
The liahility to be caught by fallacies,
the inability to rergnize facts that
are not v?n with the eye. but must he
thoosrht cut, the Incapacity to imagine
the effect of any line of lefriition that
does not InrclTe "prot action or sub
sidies and a belief that his party Is
ordained cf God and can do no wrong.
To escape public condemnation for
the stealing of a franchise from the
people, the giving away of valuable
rights to a corporation, or any other
torn cf p-ablie theft, it is only neces
sary to g-t members of both parties
to errsjce In it- Then the leadership
cf both will keep silent for fear of in
Jirirg their party and no general con
demnation follows, let the stealing
b !oae by the members of one party
only, and the other party will keep
the atmosphere in a quiver with their
Tnaledictloui until all the morld knows
The AmeiicaJi citizen bo attends to
all his political duties hss no easy
tie of it. He has eosgr-es to look
after, the stat legislature, the city
council ar-J tb county coraraissioners.
Thes he has always with him. Late
ly the matter has grown worse for the
president, whom he ha heretofore
looked epos simply as aa executive of
has taken to enacting laws of
his own nwt will for millions of peo
ple, waring wars of conquest and do
ing tr.se y cthT thicrs that will re
quire tin strict attention cf the citizen
who performs all his political duties.
G"1 has always taken care of chil
dren and the l"nitd States of America.
Let tu try to believe that he will still
coctirn to lo it in spite of the xna
chi cations cf Attorney General Griggs,
!r Kicy ard a pMtoeratle upreme
lodges that don't believe la an income
New I2e& are not evolved by states
man. They are started by Independent
thinkers, economists and social re
formers. The American statesman Is
a listener, not a thinker. He strains
his ears to catch the accents of public
opinion an! nses his wits to conform
himself to the demands of the hour.
Vt"ho can rse a siagie American
state xnaa who eTer Inaugurated and
carri4 to eompltioa any line of leg
islation? New ideas, a statesman will
have nothing to do with. He wait and
when someone else, by sacrifice and
many years cf patient work, has made
aa Idea popular, then he takes bold
and gathers to himself all the glory
by giving tls aid to enact It Into law.
The man who seeks truth only In
the voir of the majority Is the most
dacgeross of citizens. The majority
rales and the minority ever seeks to
offer something better, that It may be
come the ruler. The world is held
back by the majority, but the minority
ever tries to ptiih onwards by oifer
isg something cf more advantage. In
the minority is the potency of all ele
ments cf reform.
The fathers made the constitution
rood, bet Grigrs and MeKlaley have
songht oit many Inventions of which
we never heard before.
Republican newspapers all declare
that Cleveland's advice to the demo
cratic party is good and If the dem
ocrats will only follow it they will be
sure to win. There is no manner of
doubt that all these republican writ
ers are extremely anxious that the
democrats should win. They are ju?t
achisg far the time to com when the
democrats will kick them all out
V,ha Cleveland talks about assaults
tpoa the courts, he means the criti
cisms that have been made of the In
come tax d-eif ion. That, to bis phleg
matic Intellect, means assaulting the
The populist is the evolution of the
Ut yesrs of the nineteenth century.
He is rai generis. Opposition does not
Incense him. ixfeat breads no dispair
la his mind. Danger dos not make
him Ioe his No other man
takes a defeat so philosophically. He
has learned to ibor and to wait. Ex
ternal ikVius of enthusiasm do-s
cot mae Lira cvrr-conhdeiit. Victory
Jots not make 1.1 ta arrogant. He loves
liirty. He nates Imperialism. He
appreciates good literature and has the
utmost conurup. for the State Journal.
Grant's attt-jxpt to annex San Do
minxo. .efl C4nj;arfl to the whole
ae annexation tr,e-s of McKin
17, tta bet us a drc- cf water to the
bo'iS'!!'- ccin. It was easily de
feated because pufic opinion found
expression through the leading news-pspers-
Since that time plutocracy has
captured the great dailies and the sit
uation has changed. Let a dozen lead
ing newspapers vigorously attack Mc
Kmkr imperialism and la three
months we would hear no more of it.
TThenever a question of intricacy re
quiring keen Insight, exact reasoning
snd wide, general knowledge Is sub
mitted for derision to a vote of the
whole pcpl It la hardly to be ex-
pected that It will be decided rightly
at the first election. It takes many
long years to educate 76,000,000 of
people. The money question is a
strictly scientific question. Never in
the history of the world before was a
question of science submitted to a
rote of the people for a decision. When
not one citizen In 10,000 could give a
definition of "value," how could they
be expected to decide scientifically
upon the "value" of money?
TERMS FOR CHINA
Th I'ower at Lat Siga m Joint Hot
Maklag; aa Irrevocable Drmud Tht
Cat aa Surrender Her Sovereignty.
The following Is the joint note,
which after bo ouch delay has been
signed by all the foreign powers hav
ing trocp3 in China. No amount is
named as an indemnity, but demands
are made that no civilized power
would for a moment consider. The
note is as follows:
"First: On June 20. his excellency,
Baron von Ketteler, while on his way
to the Tsung in the performance of
bis official function, was murdered by
soldiers of the regular army, acting
under orders of their chiefs.
"Second: On the same day the for
eign legation were attacked and be
sieged The attack continued without
Intermission until August 14, on which
date Ihe arrival of the foreign forcs3
put an end to them. These attacks
were made by the regular troops, who
joined the boxers and who obeyed tb.tr
orders of the court emanating from the
imperial palace. At the same time the
Chinese government officially declared
by Its representatives abroad that it
guaranteed the security ct the lega
tions. "Third: On June 11 Mr. Sujuyama,
chancellor of the legation In Japan,
while In the discharge of an official
mission, was killed by regulars at thi
gates of the city. In Pekin and in sev
eral provinces foreigners were mur
dered, tortured or attacked by the
boxers and the regular troops and such
as escaped death owed their salvation
solely to their own determined res's
tance. Their establishments were
looted and destroyed.
"Fourth: Foreign cemeteries, at
Pekin especially, were desecrated, the
grave3 opened and the remains scat
"These occurrences necessarily led
the foreign powers to dispatch their
troops to China tc the end of protect
ing the lives of their representatives
and nationals and restoring order.
During taeir march to Pekin the al
lied forces met with resistance from
the Chinese army and had to overcom
it by force.
"Inasmuch as China has recognized
her responsibility, expressed regret
and evinced a desire to see an end put
to the situation created by aforesaid
disturbances, the powers have deter
mined to accede to her request upon
the irrevocable condition enumerated
below and which they deem Indispens
able to expiate the crimes committed
and to prevent their recurrence.
"(a) The dispatch to Berlin of an
extraordinary mission headed by an
imperial prince In order to express the
regrets of his majesty, the emperor of
China, and of the Chinese government
for the assaseix ation of his excellency,
the late Baron von Ketteler, minister
"(b) The erection on the spot of the
assassination of a commemorative
monument befitting the rank of the de
ceased, bearing an inscription in the
Latin, German and Chinese languages,
expressing the regrets of the emperor
of China for the murder.
"(a) The severest punishment tor
the persons designated in the imperial
decree of September 25, 1900. and for
those wi im the representatives of the
pewers shall subsequently designate.
"(b) The suspension for Ave years
of all official examinations in 11 e cities
where foreigners have been massacred
or hae been subjected to criel treat
' Honorable reparation to be made
by the Chirese gcvernmert to the Ja
panese government for the m .rder of
"An expiatory monument to be er
ected by the Imperial Chinese govern
ment In every foreign or international
cemetery which bos been desecrated,
or in which the graves have been de
"The maintenance, under conditions
to be determined by the powers, of the
interdiction against the importation of
arms, as well as of materials employed
exclusively for the manufacture o
arms and ammunition.
Equitable indemnitv for govern
ments societies, companies and indi
viduals, as well as for Chinese who
duiing the late occurrences, have suf
fered in person or In property in con
sequence of their being in ths service
of foreigners. China to adopt financial
measures acceptable to the powers for
the purpose of guaranteeing the pay
ment of said indemnities and the in
terest and amortization of the loan.
'The r;ght. for each power, to main
tain a permanent guard for its lega
ticn and to put the diplomatic quarters
In a defensible cond'tion. the Chines?
having no right to reside in that quar
"The destruction of the forts which
might obstruct free communication
between Pekin and the sea.
"The right to the military occupa
tion of certain points to be determined
by an understanding of the powers in
order to maintain open communica
tion between the capital and sea.
"The Chinese government to causti
to be publ'shf d during two years in
all the sub-perfectures an imperial de
cree'(a) embodying a perpetual pro
hibition, under penalty of death, of
membership in any anti-foreign so
ciety: (b) enumerating the punish
ments that shall be inflicted on the
guilty, together with the suspension of
all official examinations In cities where
foreigners have been murdered or hav
been subjected to cruel treatment; and
(c) furthermore, an imperial decree
to be Issued and published throughout
the empire ordering that the governora
general snd all provincial or local offi
cials shall be held responsible for tho
maintenance of order within their re
spective jurisdictions, and that in the
event of renewed anti-foreign disturb
ances or any other infractions of te
treaty occurring and which shall not
forthwith be suppressed and the guilty
persons punished, they, the said offi
cials, shall be immediately relieved
and forever disqualified from holding
any office of honor.
"The Chinese government to under
take to negotiate additions to treaties
of commerce and navigation, consid
ered useful by the powers, and upon
other matters pertaining to the com
mercial relations, with the object of
"The Chinese government to deter
mine In what manner to reform tic
department of foreign affairs and to
modify the court ceremonials concern
ing the reception of foreign represen
tatives in the manner to be indicated
by the powers.
"Until the Chinese government he.s
complied with the above conditions to
the satisfaction of the powers the un
dersigned can hold out no expectation
that the occupation of Pekin ard tle
provinces of China by the general
forces can be brought to a conclusion."
THE CANAL TREATY
The British Win ; The Ammendent Making
It an American Affair Killed The
The American people are subject to
a censorship of the 'press that renders
them helpless. All the dispatches sent
by the Associated press during the
long discussion of the Hay-Pauncefote
treaty were to the effect that the sen
ate had resolved to show a little in
dependence of Great Britain and that
the isthmian canal, if built with Amer
ican money, should be an American
canal. The treaty, however, that has
been ratified by the senate makes It a
partnership affair, the United States to
furnish the money to build it and Eng
land to have equal benefits in it. This
treaty was put through by the votes of
republicans, assisted by a few other re
publicans who call themselves for
commercial purposes democrats.
Among those who came to the aid of
the Hay treaty was Coal Oil Johnny.
He thought that as Great Britain had
great possessions on this continent,
she ought to have equal rights in the
canal. When asked If he thought that
if England was to have equal rights in
the canal, that she should put up half
the money to build it, he had no reply.
This last act goes to confirm the belief
that there is a secret alliance with
Great Britain, and the tories in the
White house and senate are just as
much traitors to American interests as
Benedict Arnold ever was.
Tho text of the treaty as it passed
the senate is as follows:
"The United States of America and
her majesty the queen of the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ire
land, empress of India, being desirous
to facilitate the construction of a ship
canal to connect the Atlantic and Pa
cific oceans and to that end to remove
any objection which may arise out
of the convention .of April 19, 1850.
commonly known as the Clayton-Bul-wer
treaty, to the construction of such
canal under the auspices of the gov
ernment of the United States,, without
impairing the general principle of
neutralization established in article
VIII. of that convention, having for
the purpose appointed for their en
voys the president of the United Stat
es, John Hay, secretary of state, and
her majesty, the queen of Great Brit
ain and Ireland, empress of India, the
Rt. Hon. Lord Pauncefote, G. C. B.,
G. C. M. G., her majesty's ambassa
dor extraordinary and plenipotentiary
to the United States, who, having com
municated to each other their full
powers, which were found to be in due
form, have agreed upon the following
"Article 1. It is agreed that the can
al may be constructed under the au
spices of the government of the United
States either directly at its own cost,
or by gift or loan of money to individ
uals or corporations or through sub
scription to or purchase of stock or
shares, and that, subject to the pro
visions of the present convention, the
said government shall have and enjoj
all the rights incident to such con
struction, as well as the exclusive right
of providing for the regulation and
management of the canal.
"Article 2. The high contracting
parties, desiring to maintain the gen
eral principle of neutralization estab
lished in article VIII., of the Clayton
Bulwer convention, which convention
i3 hereby superseded, adopt as the
basis of such neutralization the fol
lowing rules, substantially as embodied
in the convention between Great Brit
ain and certain other powers, signed
at Constantinople October 29, 18S8, for
the free navigation of the Suez mara
time canal, that is to say:
"1. The canal shall be free and op
en, in time of war as in time of peace,
to vessels of commerce and of war of
all nations, on terms of entire equal
ity, so that thefe shall be no discrim
ination against any nation or its citi
zens or subjects in respect of the con
ditions or charges of traffic, or other
wise. "2. The canal shall never be block
aded, nor shall any right of way be
exercised, nor any act of hostility be
committed with in.
"3. Vessels of war of a belligerent
shall not revictual nor take any stores
in the canal, except so far as may be
strictly necessary, and the transit ot
such vessels through the canal shall
be effected with the least possible de
lay, in accordance with the regulations
in force, and with only such intermis
sion as may result from the necessi
ties of the service. Prizes shall be in
all respects subject to the same rules
as vessels of war of the belligerents.
"4. No belligerent shall embark or
disembark troops, munitions of war or
warlike materials in the canal, except
In case of accidental hindrance of the
transit, and in such case the transit
shall be resumed with all possible dis
patch. "5. The provisions of this article
shall apply to waters adjacent to the
canal within three marine miles of
either end. Vessels of war of a belig
erent shall not remain in such waters
longer than twenty-four hours at any
one time, except in cases of distress,
and in such cases shall depart as soon
as possible, but a vessel of war of one
belligerent shall not depart within
twenty-four hours from the departure
We present our Catalogue with assurance that the quality
of our goods cannot be excelled, and that it will pay you to
read carefully "A Few Facts About Our Range."
Display counts in the sale of any article, and taking this
into consideration, we have aimed to make our range attract
ive, as well as strong and durable.
Remember, we are much nearer you than any other maker
of this class of goods, and we can save you freight and get
goods to you in half the time of our eastern competitors.
A Few Facts About Our
It la made In Lincoln, Neb., from the
raw material to the finished product.
In workmanship, material and fin
ish ft la equal to any in the market.
We guarantee It for a year against
breakage from defect in material or
workmanship, also to work satisfac
tory In any flue where any other
ranee will work.
Our top and bottom fines are 4 In.
la the clear, having capacity enough
to bum either soft or hard coal, wood,
cobs or corn.
Our reservoir damper la so arranged
that the entire heat is thrown directly
against the aide and bottom of the
reservoir, without interfering with, the
baking of the even.
Our reservoirs are iron enameled.
Owr evens are ventilated, also ven
tilated under the oven to prevent
bunting of oil cloth or the floor.
Our soot flue door is hang on a pro
jecting incline frame, so you can put
an ask pan underneath and clean out
floe, without the necessity of getting
soot on the floor.
Our ranges hare a side draft.
Holes are cut and capped In all owr
ranges to receive waiter fronts.
Our ranges are lined with asbestos
covered with 16-gauge steel, thereby
making a doable protection.
The body of our range is made
throughout with 16-gauge steel, and
the bottom of the oven is No. 10
.gauge steel, the heaviest used in any
range made. .
Our oven door is balanced,
and can be
Our American Steel Ranges.
Hot Closet and Reservoir,
Oven inside, 19x21x13 in.
Top, 29x48 in. 6 holes.
High closet, 13xS5x9 In.
Fire box, 8xl8x9 in.
Farm and Home.
See our prices on cook stoves, folding beds, sewing ma-
chines, washing machines, trunks, valises, silverware, cuttlery,
wire fencing, fence wire, fence posts, bale ties, windmills,
pumps, harness, horse blankets, lap robes, buggies, wagons,
cultivators, harrows, plows, drills.
We have a complete stock of anything you may want in Stoves, and at remarkably low prices. We guarantee all
goods shipped by us to be as represented.
Furniture, Groceries,Stoves, Ranges, Harness, Wagons, Buggies, Steel Tanks, Etc.
SEND FOR CATALOGUEIT'S FREE!
of a vessel of war of the other bellig
erent. "It is agreed, however, that none of
the immediate foregoing conditions
and stipulations in sections numbered
one, two, three, four and five of this
article shall apply to measures which
the United States may find it neces
sary to take for securing by its own
forces the defense of the United States
and the maintenance cf public order.
"6. The plants, establishments,
buildings, and all works necessary to
the construction, maintenance and op
eration of the canal shall be deemed
to be part thereof, for the purpose of
construction, and in times of war, as
In time of peace, shall enjoy complete
Immunity from attack or injury by
belligerents and from acts calculated
to impair their usefulness as part of
"7. No fortification shall be erected
commanding the canal or the waters
adjacent. The United States, however,
shall be at liberty to maintain such
military police along the canal as may
be necessary to protect it 'against law
128-130-132 North 13th Street, Lincoln,
left open from three to five inches,
thereby utilizing all the heat of oven,
when used as a heater without hav
ing the oven door entirely down and
in the way.
Great stress is often made by manu
facturers that their oven door will hold
up a man; we can claim the same
thing of our range, but would not
recommend it for that use, as a per
son can reach higher from a chair.
Our range is fall nickel plated.
Russian iron is used in the door of
our hot closet and the joint of pipe
We use only the best quality of pig
iron in the manufacture of our ranges
and while it will not withstand the
pounding often given to malleable
covers to show how strong they are
it will withstand a much greater
amount of heat which it gets in actual
practice. It is a scientific fact that
malleable iron will not stand heat
without warping. You will notice
that most stoves having malleable
Iron tops have the centers bolted
down and are not interchangeable,
and often the covers are made double
and bolted to keep from warping.
Range manufacturers using malleable
castings always claim that the fire box
of their ranges are made from cast
iron, they knowing that it will stand
the fire better than the malleable cast
ings. In ordering, give the No. and name
of the range, as it Is just as plain to
as as though you cot a page from the
price list and sent it.
Fire bor, wood, 8x23x9 in.
Weight, 525 lbs.
Price of range with reservoir... $37 25
Price of range with reservoir
and high shelf 40 50.
Price with hot closet as shown
in cut 43 75
lessness and disorder.
"Article 3. The present convention
shall be ratified by the president of
tha United States, by and with the ad
vice and consent of the senate thereof,
and by her Britannic majesty, and the
ratifications shall be exchanged at
Washington or at London within six
months from the date hereof, or earl
ier if poesible.
"In faith whereof, the respective
plenipotentiaries have signed this con
vention and hereunto affixed their
"Done in duplicate at Washington,
the 5th day of February, In the year
of our Lord one thousand nine hun
Every amendment that had any ten
dency to make the canal an American
affair "was voted down by the same
vote 26 to 44 The most irritating
thing about the whole business is a
lot of cablegrams which were sent out
along with the report of the action of
With High Shelf.
Oven, 1914x21x12 in.
Top, 29x35 in. 6 holes.
High shelf, 16x13x35 in.
With high shelf.
Oven 171x21x13 inches.
Top 29x33 inches. 4 holes 8
inches, 2 holes 6 inches.
High shelf, 16x13x33 in.
Fire box, 8ixl8x9 inches.
Fire box, wood, 81x23x9 in.
Weight 405 pounds.
Price of plain range $25.90.
With high shelf as shown in
With hot closet, $32.40.
the senate, telling how the British
were incensed at the amendments
made to the treaty and that it wouM
never be ratified. All that is to keep
up the deception. If the people had
been informed of the true situation in
the senate there would have been an
uproar all over the country, but th?
Associated press and the special cor
respondents of the great plutocratic
dallies had their cue, and they stuck
to It to the end. The senate was a
great patriotic body and was going to
let England know that she and other
European powers must keep hands off
this hemisphere. That kept the peo
ple quiet until they got their surren
der through. It is about time that the
reform forces had a newspaper man
at Washington who would send them
the news. .
God and Battalions
A funeral ship came across the Pa
cific the other-day with 1,500 corpses
of American soldiers in her hold.
u y 9
Fire box, 8xl8x9 In.
Fire box, wood, 8x23x9 in.
Weight, 425 lbs.
Price of plain range ,$29 10
Price with high shelf (see cut). 32 40
Price with hot closet 35 65
nigh closet and raief
Oven 171x21x13 in.
Top, 29x45 in., four
holes 8 in., 2 holes C
High closet 13x33xt
Firebox, 8xl8x9 in,:
Fire box, wood, 8ix
23x9 inches. ,
Straight grate shipped
with all ranges un
less otherwise or
dered. WeWrht 500 pounds. '
Price of range witfc
reservoir, (34.00 .
With reservoir sod!
high shelf, $37.25
.With reserve, . high!
shelf and bet cieaet
as shown in out.
Think of the American homes desol
ated, think of - the American lives
wasted, and ask: "Is It worth while?"
Then read Henry Cabot Lodge's "Am
erican Revolution" and draw two par
.Read of the sufferings of Washington,
of his repeated defeats, of the achieve
ments of Greene the hero of the South
in the Carolinas, the splendid persis
tency and courage of the giant central
figure in the north, how they fDught
guerilla fashion against Immense odds
and won at last. Then cast your eyes
upon the Filipinos and their gallant
struggle for their own independence
as a government; look across 15,000
miles of ocean to South Africa and
see how the Boers are fighting there,
and ask yourself if God is upon the
side of the big battalions now any
more than he was when the American
Ml1 1 1
pp , l
colonists, undisciplined and practical lv A
unarmed, wrested the scepter of power
from the bullying hands of great Brit
ain? Is this nation a bully, too?
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