The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902, July 12, 1900, Image 1

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    VOL. XI L
NO. 9.
Democrats and Silver Republicans Given a Place on
the Ticket With but Little Friction.
A Ticket That Pleases all Classes mad Recognizes all the Claims Hade by
Foreign Bora Citizens for Preferment.
Fm Prdttil lZ-ur . ..
J H. .xn Mm L KtmOM. W. If.
Htns, W. i. ax-tar. W. U. f.
kx ii:r o-h.ulO'U. L. N. t ute. Jtiu
JW LirdctiaU Cowftuf ... .........
.. ............ Tm A. GlllUI
1 ---rrtry 5Lt
C V. htuDA
Fr A4 tur f I'o.i Arches
, ...... Txi-ni iiauttl
Tut TfwTr
. . . il. UoKX
Fr t ' 4 f's.lic L4
..sciii bmliolic
Fu ttwrt-jr Ceari
W. It. UUJfiM
Wien ib reform force came to Lin
e4a V Loid tiir Cocreiioc4 it took
tie auiiVriusL, tie !a.rr-t iieatre and
ie tarrtt tall is ti-e city to hold tie
Cflrxlf. That this cxte&iei.t ha it
-at 15 the terr heart of the people is
weU emoctratid by tie nearly three
ihaA&d delegate who ae2bied to
put a stat ticket in tha field. There
iren USI ot- raet ta tLe populist caa-
Tr.ti4J iwM. ' ILfSjemlMrr tL&t tlfl
leraS f!'f ti-e nx-t jrt were hrd
vorkszg farskrrs, cans kfi? dLtaRcse-f at
larjre cat! of tsccy tLt thj could ill
Seed to jare. No iK-h frlierir
tat lra rn ia tLU routtrr ticc tLe
4d aWIitscai day atsd tli day of the
eitil ar. Tb bjijr tf tisat coo taction
us. cad p of Lard workisg fartuem
aai nxen Lo labor wita tbeir txand in
ti- alios trad-' ar.-J aerapatioas of
th ntMr atd tcra-c. Erery man f
fu git"o UL fu"t o,'jKrtc.ity
to ipr aiti ct Li ojieioa on etery
qtietk tit mryi-. WLat tLry did a
rh vtJth cf tt e-aj' rity of tbe oj.l m bo
E-ake tLe jarty acd by it we are all
t-tisd- It a a fair aad jut con fen- j
?ko. No ts.x tid hi of era ruled :
it. It mm a dIitufTate UJy caie up of
tie rcits-esos ' i.f. tie tate. Of ;
txmt1 thm jTo-ftwiosi were represented, ;
but tbey wre in a tery asaall minority.
Acy can mho ay tLat lb work of tLat
c.'et retina wa cct as Looest expression
of the cjirity of it, iay what i caza
fertlr uctra.
Tie vu called to order at
3.1 'j p, &. by Ctair&aa Cdtsitn and
"j-irJ t-y Ter by Iw?r. Mr. Harri.
ejr !.'- vcjtit .kTertior. After a few
"mr-p.r-At; r-o.rk by 5 Jr. Jri2miten,
w tferJa were retei with cLeers,tle con-
i.:"?! r ied to tijp e'ectka f
tec:j-rry ( Serf. Mr. h'pm-ker noici
r atrd f. r tii j-rry cL&:rn.n, M. F.
llitriz tr.' z. t.d Mr. Mary of OsuaLa,
I Le rt resulted; Aies, CJ; Hit
rir .., IVj.
htatM' A Tea aotsed ti.e etalr and
j&ad a Sort jca hx-h was recti ted
witii rLeer by tie delegate's.
Tfc rt basing! taken tip wat tie
ar fotetr-ect f a cocfretiee caiSiittee.
A Umz d-bat occurred efja tie .ub-j-ct
wfcjrtbf-r tiat oasuaattw lrtild be
e-tt by tie debate of tie different
ex-crre-wMoiiaJ ditrsrU or -ituld ix p
. i.4ted y tie chairman, It a a Hcaily
!rided by tote tiat of ti cscjtsmittee.
ef ea in catber, ore eLotiki be elected
by Mkcb cxj;reAcnal diRtrict axd oiie
arreted by tie ciatr.
It appeared t tii writer tiat sotse
retat isade duritg tbw dieuiion
were Tery ir jediciutu. Wteaeter a del
ejrate wasted Li way about acytiicg,
fc would declare tiat if be didn't hare
ti way. tie twiddle of tie readers would
jat pjy iah. Tie ludrpf-ndent ba
ty jti5e ti tiat kind of talk. Of
cour-e tie rejtif.:an pap-r will make
tie twt of it. and it baa aa foundation
in peet oondjtkma ta tiii state. Tee
Indepeedee gw to rery pcpulikt ig
thU s-tate who takes an active part in
tie work of reform. There is perhaps
aot a populist in this state who attends
primaries and conventions and does
art ire party work, who does not take
tie IcJ-pcdenL .We axa indoors tan t
communication with the workers hi the
tarty in every county in this state and
tn many counties with hundreds of them.
If there was any euch state of affairs as
some of thee debaters imagined to ex
ist, news of it would have reached this
oSice. The fuzzie wuzzies in this state
are orJy as a fly in the ointment, a speck
on the horizon.
The convention continued in session
nntil 3:15 a. m and the time was filled
with speeches and any other way to pass
it away while it waited for the confer
ence report and then adjourned to meet
at s a. m. Thursday.
It was t13 when Senator Allen called
it to order. The chair suggested that
sooae one be gent after that conference
committee, and as one delegate suggest
ed, bring them in dead or alive, which
suffresuon me cnatr accepteo. A mo
ment or two afterward the chair an
noucced that Mr. I-rick Johnson who
was a member of the committee was on
the fiuor and he was called to the plat
form. Mr. Johnson said the committee
was ready to report, lie then said that
after being up all night the committee
on conference had agreed as follows
Tie populists should be given four of the
presidential electors, the democrats three
and tie t ilver republicans one. As to
the state offices, the democrats were to
have the treasurer and the commissioner
of lands and public buildings.
Judge Suliran Kabmitted a minority
report or rather the views of a minority
of the populist committee on conference
that allowed the democrats only one of
Upon the submission of these reports
a red hot debate followed. i3oth sides
to it being men who were in deadly ear
neU One side favored the adoption of
tie suggestions of the minority and the
other that of the majority of the commit
tee. hue this debate was going on.
committees from both the democratic
and silver republican conventions ap
peared and reported that those conven
tions had adopted the report of the ma
jority of the committee.
There was something of a red hot time
for about half an hour. The delegates
from C usstr county moved that the dem
ocrats be given nothing at all and claim
ed that they were the original populists
of the fetate. A delegate from Buffalo
county resented this statement and said
that I'J years ago, the people of that
county inaugurated this reform move
ment before Custer county ever thought
about it.
Lcking at the convention from the
platform and judging from the mani
festations on the floor, it appeared thfct
there was a majority in favsr of adopt
ing the report to give the democrats two
feSlces. There were motions, amend
ment and substitutes, involving a1;
fcorU of propositions, and it was with
great difficulty that Senator Allen and
tie sergeants at arms kept order.
Finally M. F. Harrington mounted the
platform and said that the main ques
tion, and in fact the only real question,
before them wa how to elect Bryan and
all thes other things were very minor
matters. He said that he knew most of
the delegates to the democratic conven
tion and they knew him and he believed
that be could go over there and get
tbf-m to consent to fuse on one state
ofiiire. The convention unanimously re
solved to fcend him on that mission.
For some minutes after this, Senator
Allen strove to get order, and failing,
declared tiat convention was adjourned
for twenty minutes.
(Continued on page 8.)
An Immense Gathering of Patriots AY hose
Hearts Sara Within Them While They
Listen to the Defense of Liberty.
This has been a week of outbursts of
patriotism and shouting for liberty in
Lincoln. Liberty for ourselves, liberty
for the Boers, liberty for the Filipinos,
for the Porto Ricans, for all mankind
everywhere. It was heard in conversa
tion, it was seen in the faces of men, it
was in the very air that we breathed.
This republic shall live. No empire shall
ever be established on its ruins. We
will hand it down to our children as the
revolutionary father gave it to theirs
and as Lincoln preserved it to us.
The first formal proceedings to give
expression to what was in every ones
heart, was at the auditorium on Tuesday
afternoon. That immense audience room
was . decorated from end to end with
American flags. Great portraits of
Bryan, Towne and Stevenson were hung
against the east wall and on the front of
the platform was a portrait of ' Lincoln
and the declaration of independence.
Although the heat was intense the build
ing was packed to the last inch of stand
ing room long before the speakers ap
peared. Hagenow's splendid band was upon
the platform. After a short wait, which
was filled up with cheering music,
Towne, Cyclone Davis, Gen. Weaver,
Webster Davis and Chairman Edmisten
appeared and were greeted with storms j
of cheers.
Mayor Winnett gave in a few words a
hearty welcome to the many distin
guished men who were in the city and
said that if a democratic president was
elected he wanted nun elected from this
town. Mayor Winnett is a republican of
course, but there is a wide gulf between
him and the degenerate who writes edi
torials for the State Journal and takes
advantage of his position to insult every
distinguished man who comes to Lin
Hon. Eugene Smith of Illinois made a
short and very appropriate response.
Mr. Smith was followed by Congressman
Shaforth of Colorado, who made a rat
tling good speech defending the posi
tions taken in loUo. I he republicans in
the hall, and there were quite a number
them, must have been convinced before
that speech was concluded that the
silver question was a long way from be
ing dead. .
After him came Cyclone Davis, who in
his peculiar way wrought the audience
up to the most intense pitch of excite
ment." His picture of a money commis
sion going across the ocean to ask Eng
land if we might coin money, threw the
audience into bursts of cheers that
shook the building, but it was when he
turned his attention to the declaration
of independence and spoke for liberty
for all men, in Africa, in Porto Rico, in
the Philippines, that the old shouts that
no one has heard since this republic was
threatened in 18(30 burst forth from
hearts that were stirred to their very
The feature of the occasion however
was the speech of Webster Davis. Mr.
Davis was assistant secretary of the in
terior appointed by McKinley. He got
a leave of absence and went to South
Africa to investigate for himself. He
was so impressed with the patriotism
and intelligence of the population of the
two republics and so wrought up over
the wrongs and outrages inflicted upon
by the British empire, that he came
home, resigned his office and took the
field in behalf of Paul Kruger and the
brave burgers who are fighting: for lib
erty under the same circumstances that
W ashington fought for it on this conti
nent. The speech was a master piece of
oratory, because the people could see
that tie language was not only well
chosen and the delivery unexcelled, but
that the man was saying what he be
lieved with all his heart. This writer
has seen no such spirit in any meeting
since the old days of abolition and re
publican reform in 1860. In those days
also, men spoKe from the heart and ther
reached the hearts of their hearers, just
as Webster Davis did in the auditorium
last Tuesday.
There were cries for Towne, who was
on the platform, but the chairman an
nounced that Mr. Towne was billed for a
speech in the evening and asked to be
excused, ueneral Weaver made a few
remarks and at the close Mr. Towne
could no longer refuse to say a few words
to that audience . who were so eager to
near mm ana ne arose and spoke for ten
minutes. That ten minutes talk was the
culmination, so we thought, of the pent
up enthusiasm and love of liberty burn
ing in every breast. The ovation that
was given him was past description, but
it was exceeded by what followed during
his speech and at the close of it. It
made our hearts burn within us" trf
hear him talk for liberty here and for
those lighting and dying for it in the
islands of the sea and the continents of
the old world. .
Then Mr. Bryan appeared. The audi
ence arose as one man. Where ever Mr.
Bryan may appear during the coming
campaign, he will never receive a more
hearty welcome than he did from the
citizens of his own town and the strang
ers who were within its gates. This
closed the afternoon ratification meeting.
At night several acres of the capitol
grounds were covered with people loner
before the hour set for the speakers to
appear. Dr. Jr. Li. Hall, chairman of the
democratic state committee presided and
introduced the speakers, the first of
whom was General Weaver. The Gen
eral gave a historic review of the work
he had been encaged in since he leftthe
republican party and supported Peter
tJooper. lie told how Adlai Stevenson
wasslected to congress at the same time
he was and on the; same ticket the
ereenback ticket. Stevenson had alwavs
stood true to those principles from that
day to this without a shadow of turning.
Mr. Towne was the next speaker. He
began by saying: If you will be quiet I
will endeavor to make some acres of you
hear." While he did make some acres
of them hear, there were other acres pf
people on the grounds and surrounding
streets who could not, by any possibility
hear. Even the magnificent voice of Mr.
Bryan could not extend to the verges of
that crowd. Mr. Towne discussed the
money question in his masterful way and
then turned his attention to imperialism.
All jthe way through his address he was
greeted with volcanoes of cheers.
Senator Allen was called for but he
refused to make a speech saying that he
should make a canvass of the state and
all would have the opportunity to hear
his views on future occasions. He then
turned and introduced Webster Davis.
Mr. Davis was taken completely by sur
prise, not expecting to speak at all. Sen
ator Aljen said the people wanted to
hear about Mr. Davis travels in South j
Africa. This speech, while it was on
new lines was just as patriotic and thrill- j
ing as the one delivereU in the afternoon, j
He told of the capture and imprisonment
of Cronje on the island of Si Helena
and compared that treatment, with the
treatment of Napoleon, saying that of
the two, Cronje was the greatest, for
Cronje fought for liberty, while Napo
leon fought for conquest and ambition.
He closed with an appeal for everybody
to stand by Bryan and work for his elec
After a little waiting Mr. Bryan ap
peared and received such an ovation as
only NebrasfcansNcan give. On the sub
ject of the vice-presidency he spoke as
"When the convention came to the se
lection of a candidate for vice-president
there was diversity of opinion. Some
preferred an eastern candidate, believing
that he would strengthen the ticket in
the east. Some preferred Mr. Towne,
knowing of the sacrifices which he made
for principle and of his devotion to the
principles set forth in the Chicago plat
form. But the choice fell upon a dis
tinguished Illinois democrat, who once
discharged with great credit the duties
of the office. In the campaign of 1896,
when plutocracy and democracy met
face to face, Adlai E. Stevenson was an
able and courageous defender of the
cause of democracy. During the cam
paign he spoke in seven of the close
states. When I visited Bloomington,
near the close of the campaign, he was
chairman of the meeting. In beginning
my speech I referred to his as follows:
' 'We who have been keepers of the
democratic faith love Adlai Stevenson,
not only for what he is, but we love him
also because he is all we have left of the
last national democratic ticket. The
Bible tells you of the father who loved
the ; prodigal son when he returned. I
tell you , of the democratic father 'who
loved the son who went not astray.
"I know that some of. our allies felt
grieved that they were not given the
second- place upon the ticket, but I am
sure that they cannot feel undindly to
ward one who, like Mr. Stevenson, was
loyal to the ticket nominated at Chicago
and who is able to defend the magnifi
cent party creed set forth at Kansas
"In this campaign issues are greater
than men. I shall not ask anyone to
vote our ticket merely because it is the
ticket of the party." It deserves support
because it stands for the declaration of
independence in dealing with the Philip
pines and for the doctrine of equal
rights for all and special privileges for
none in all domestic questions.
, Mr. Bryan was followed by Mr. Steven
son who spoke as follows:
"It is too early in the campaign to
hold political meetings all night. Some
time between 12 and 1 o'clock is the
proper hour to adjourn even a Bryan
meeting in the state of Nebraska.
"To-day I have had the pleasure of
shaking hands with about a hundred
former - citizens of Illinois. I was glad
to see them. I know how much they
kave contributed to the upbuilding of
this state for their fathers did the same
service in my own state and they will
follow in their footsteps here. Years ago
a neighbor of mine left Illinois and went
west. To-day 1 have had the pleasure
of meeting him in the person of your
governor. Some years later a young
lawyer came here and cast his lot among
you. On the fourth of .next March
Nebraskans will turn out and witness
his inauguration at Washington.
"I have greatly enjoyed listening to
speeches here to-night. 1 hope that in
the campaign to come we may hear the
voice of Mr. Towne m every state m the
union. The other gentlemen will also
be heard with pleasure wherever they
go. We all are fighting not for a mere
political organization. If that were all,
I should decline to enter the fight. The
party is following the great uprising of
the American ' people and I trust that
victory will perch on .her banners and
bring the government back to the gov
ernment and doctrines of our fathers.
Now let us work till next November and
let all who cherish the name of Wash
ington and Jefferson and the other lead
ers work that the government may be
brought back to its original purity."
One would have thought that this was
enough of public speaking to have satis
fied any crowd, but it did not prove so
with this crowd. Thousands of men
yelled so loud and long for Cyclone
Davis that he was forced to come for
ward and make a speeeh to quiet them.
And that speech! Well, it was a Cyclone
speech and that is all that is necessary
to say about it. Along in the wee small
hours, those acres of people wandered
away toward their homes and hotels and
the uryan ratincauon meeting was a
thing of the past.
Roosevelt made a cowboy raid into
Kansas and Oklahoma. He began all
his speeches by declaring that he was
not going to talk politics. Then he
would tell them that every good thing in
the United States was the work of the
republicans and every bad thing the
work of democrats. Of course that was
not politics. No sensible man would
think ot calling it talking politics. Most
of them would say that it was straight
up ana aown lying.
Capt, O'Farrell Deserts McKinley Because
Be is Still a Staunch Republican.
Among the score or more republican
campaigners who have deserted McKin
ley within the last few weeks and an
nounced that they will work for Bryan
is CapL Patrick OTarrell of Washing
ton. In his speech at the Cooper Union
imperialist meeting has found its way
into the Congressional Record. It is of
a very impassioned sort, and the Captain
says of his present position: "I am still
a staunch republican, and for that rea
son l am for Brvan and liberty, lie
was introduced as a life-long republican
and a brave soldier, who served in the
Sixty-ninth New York under Corcoran,
and spoke without notes, as follows:
Y hue we have not an ideal govern
ment of our own, yet I contend that we
have the best system so far devised by
man to regulate our own affairs, while
we have the worst system to regulate
the affairs of others. You cannot govern
foreign colonies or run imperialism with
republican machinery. It requires a
king or an emporer like the Empress of
India whose rule will be continuous, to
do that. We elect our executive every
four years, and we change policies and
officials with every change of party.
We appoint a postal agent or tax col
lector at Mindanao or Manila. He can't
bring his wife or children there on ac
count of the climate. He has a four
years' job. He will try and feather his
nest before the other party comes in;
and when it does, he will be succeeded
by another, who will also go into the
nest-feathering business.
I now boldly state that this acquiring
and keeping of foreign" colonies will
bring disgrace to our nag and discredit
to our republican institutions. When it
comes to looting, swindling, and crooked
ness, the Spaniards were not "in it" with
our fellows. I said this to a United
States Senator (General Hawley) a few
months ago, and he exclaimed, "Ph, Pat!
don't say that about your own country
men." I say it advisedly, on good proof.
Didn't we rob and plunder our own
countrymen in the south during the
"carpet-bag" regime, and after we had
robbed and beggared the whites we then
plundered our wards, the negroes," and
looted the Freedman's bank. . This is no
reflection on the honesty of the Ameri
can people in general. It only illustrates
the fact that we cannot govern honestly,
even at home, by military rule; and how
can we expect to do it abroad in our for
eign colonies, and over a people .whom
we despise as a subject race? If we con
tinue in. the colonial imperial business, I
suggest that we amend our Constitution
so that the title of our president shall
read as follows: "William McKinley,
President of the United States and Em
porer of the Philippines." Abraham
Lincoln said, "We cannot last long half
slave and half -free," and now, at the be
ginning of a new century, we are going
to be half-sublect, half-citizen.
I remember when I first saw the sacred
soil of Virginia during the great civil
war yes, the war for liberty I read a
Sign on a large brick building in Alexan
dria, "Price, Birch & Co., dealers in
slaves." I remained south long enough
to shoot that slavery business to death.
Oh, I am awfully proud that I was an
abolitionist and a republican in those
days! Those were the days of Lincoln
and Liberty. Now, when I walk up
Pennsylvania avenue, I look up at the
White House and I am carried back to
the days of "Price, Birch & Co., dealers
in slaves," and I read on that White
House, in imaginary lines, "Hanna, Mc
Kinley & Co., wholesale dealers in Fili
pino slaves." (Great applause.)
There is another feature of this colon
ial business that the country has not no
ticed so far. That is the matter of
church and state. McKinley is trying
to work the church l mean the Catho
lic church but he "wobbles" on that as
well as on other matters. What he said
last week he contradicts this week. A
weak man is a dangerous man when
placed in a high position. Nero wasbne
of the weakest of Roman emperors, but
at the same time the most dangerous.
Just look at President McKinley mak
ing tracks on both sides of the stream.
We find him last summer at the Catho
lic summer school at Plattsburg, N.
holding forth and telling the people
there about the flag, and you would act
ually think he was born next door to the
blarney-stone. Next week we find him
at Asbury Park, N. Jn preaching to the
Methodists about piety and patriotism.
And the next week we find him execut
ing a treaty, offensive and defensive,
with the Sultan of Sulu, whereby he
recognizes shivery, polygamy and the re
ligion of Mahomet.
To crown all, we next find the presi
dent of the United States going on his
knees to the Pope of Rome, and asking
him to help him out of the difficulties
which neither his generals nor his peace
commission could do. He holds several
secret sessions at the white House with
Archbishop Chapelle, the papal dele
gate, and commissions Father McKin
non, ostensibly as a chaplain in the
United States Army, but actually as the
secretary of the papal delegate, and
sends both in princely style to Manila to
negotiate with the Spanish archbishop
there as to the confirming of the Span
ish friars and monks in their possession
of some 20,000,000 or 30,000,000 acres of
the best land in Luzon and the other
islands. This is the first time in the his
tory of the United States when the pres
ident dared to interfere in a matter of
church and state. What right has our
government to summon or invite the
papal delegate to aid or assist us in set
tling our political affairs?
I feel keenly on this subject, knowing
that there are many gentlemen on this
platform who, if they should speak as I
do, would run the risk of being called
A. P. A's. But I, as a Catholic, lest
there should be any mistake, a Roman
Catholic, who lived in Ireland until I
was a man big, and understand all about
landlords, the church and state, the
glebe lands, nnd the established church,
I don't want to see my church going
into the landlord business in the Philip
pines or anywhere else under the pro
tection of the American flag. (Tremend
ous applause, which broke out again and
The student of history knows well that
it was this ownership of land by the
church that was one of the causes of ;
the bloody revolution in France, and it
enabled King Henry VIII to succeed to
his so-called reformation in England.!
Daniel O'Connell, my illustrious coun
tryman, used to say: "We take our re
ligion from Rome, "but not our politics.
Keep the priests poor and they will be
always the friends of the people.' Land
ed property has always been the curse
of the church.
In conclusion, I appeal to my old-time
republican friends yes, and to men of
my own blood and race; yes, and to the
Germans, and to all others who came
here to seek that liberty which was de
nied us in our own native lands; yes,
and I appeal to my olcl comrade soldiers,
who marched with me to Appomattox;
yes, and the general whom I served
under, 1 am proud to see on this plat
form to-night. The speaker here seized
General Mdvor by the hand. The great
audience seemed to catch the inspiration
and fairly jumped to their feet, cheering
and hurrahing for several minutes,
Yes, I appeal to my old comrades, who
did the fighting, not to the "carpet-bagr
gers" who did the robbing. (Cheers.)
Again I appeal to my old-time repub
lican friends to not bother about dollars
or tariffs. In" this campaign the battle
cry is "Republic versus empire." That
should be the thought uppermost in the
mind of every citizen from now until
next November."
The trusts and a few millionaires have
the grand old party by the throat. These
corrupt, unscrupulous politicians have
shunted it from the constitutional track.
Let the plain people, the common peo
ple, the sovereign people republicans
and democrats rally to the standard of
William J. Bryan, who is a brave and
courageous man of the Lincoln type an
American who believes in." American
principles. Who is the same., to-day as
he was four years ago. You and I may
differ with him about dollars and tariffs,
but we admire his courage and his hon
esty, and we will stand by him and make
him our next president. (Tremendous
applause.), V
Little by Little the Democratic Party
Leaves Behind Old Dogmas and
Takes the Sew v
' The platform the democrats adopted at
Kansas City is much' more satisfactory
than the Chicago platform.' The, party
shows progress far beyond the position
taken in 1896, The more populists study
the platform the better they like it New
positions have been taken. . Here is one:
"We favor direct legislation wherever
practicable." - . '
It is the "initiative and referendum"
for which populist platforms everywhere
have been resolving. Truly the Kansas
City convention allowed no pent-up
Utica to contract its powers.
Here is another:
"We demand the retirement of the na
tional bank notes as fast as government
paper or silver certificates can be substi
stuted for them." ;
"Government paper:" note the de
scription. And not a word about "coin
redemption." Isn't that progress with a
big P? The democratic party recog
nizes at last that the fiat of the govern
ment gives value to its : money, whether
it is paper or metal money.
Here is another:
"We favor an amendment to the fed
eral constitution providing for the elec
tion of United States senators . by a di
rect vote of the people."
And yet another: - - -
"We are opposed to government by in
junction." .
And yet another:
"We recommend that congress create
a department.of labor in charge of a sec
retary with a seat in the cabinet."
And yet another: , -
'We favor the continuance and strict
enforcement of the Chinese exclusion
act, and its application to the same
classes of all Asiatic races."
' That means Japanese as well as
Chinese, and it is a direct rebuke of the
importation and use of Japanese laborers
on the Union Pacific and Rio Grande
western railroads a use just commenced
and which threatens to oust white labor
as road hands from , all roads in the
mountain and arid sections.
More such good populistic doctrine
could be culled from the Kansas City
platform, but there is enough to erouse
the enthusiasm of populists everywhere
with the great hope that Bryan will
finally make out of it a genuine reform
party in which the counsel of the gold
bugs and corporations will find no sup
porters. ,
Owner of the three great reform dai
lies of America, The San Francisco Ex
aminer, the New York Journal, and the
Chicago American the latter born July
1, this year.
He Scores the Trusts and Urges all Silver
Republicans t Give Bryan their -
-Hearty Support.
Senator Teller made a speech to the
free silver, republican convention which
was full of force and power. He spoke
in part as follows:
"Grave questions are presented to the
American people for their consideration
and determination in the coming cam
paign. Questions of foreign and domes
tic policies, growing out of or incident to
the Spanish-American war have espec
ially attracted the attention of the peo
ple during the last two years, and will
continue to do so. Questions new to U3
and involving much to others, as well as
ourselves, cannot bo readily disposed of,
but great as these questions are, they
must not and will not be allowed to ob
scure the great and still unsettled ques
tion, "What shall be the financial system
of the republic?"
"I say still unsettled question, because
no great economic question can be set
tled until it is settled in a way to do jus
tice to all. We do not believe the action
of a republican administration in estab
lishing a gold standard with a carefully
preparea plan to destroy the greenbacks.
treasury notes, silver certificates and sil
ver dollars, and to turn over to the na
tional banks the issue of all paper, mon
ey that; the - commercial needs of the
people may demand, meets with the ap
probation of the people. The people be
lieve that gold and silver coins are the
money of the constitution, and that if
paper money is to -be issued, it should
bear the stamp of the government and
have back of it the wealth and power of
the nation and not that of a private cor
poration. . ' .
"The people believe that the govern
ment is better able to support, retrulate
and control a paper issue than corpora-
t i . i ..
uons, nowever ricn me corporation may
be, or however wise may be its man-
He criticised the gold standard legis
tion of the last session of congress and
said: -
"Surely with this, and the establish
ment of the gold standard, making all
other money redeemable in gold, and
thus making gold the only real money in
the country, it is not unreasonable to
suppose the people may still believe the
financial question is one in which they
have a deep interest"
bpeaking of the trusts, Senator Teller
said that labor is at their mercy:
"When it becomes necessary to sus
tain the prices," he ; continued, "they
have fixed, they close their factories, re
duce their output and turn their labor
ers into the street to secure employment
AlentBbnm if ffiv nn nnH (f nnt nKla f
do that to starve. ,
"With a power more than imperial
they fix the price of their product, and
the price of the labor which enters into
the product, and create a scarcity, or a
surplus, as their interests demand, with
out consideration of the rights or inter
ests of the laborer or consumer. De
manding for themselves the full protec
tion of the laws of the land, they bid
dehance to all and every law enacted to
compel them to deal justly with thoir
employes and.consumers."
Mr. Teller reviewed the war with
Spain and its results, concluding with
reference to the Philippines, "that there
appeared to be no way to protect the
1 S 1 1 J
people oi tnese lsianas, to maintain the
peace of the world and our own honor,
except to exercise sovereign power over
the islands until the people could form a
government of their own. I believe," he
added, "that public sentiment and the
interests of the inhabitants of the Phil
ippines demands that of us."
Mr. Teller scored the action of con
gress and the duplicity of the president
in regard to the Porto Rican tariff.
He referred to the refusal of congress
to adopt a resolution of sympathy with
the Boers, and closed as follows: r
"With such a record, is it strange that
thousands of men who have been mem
bers of the republican party find it in
consistent with their sense of duty to
continue in its support, and turn to some
other organization to find a better ex
pression of their views.
"In the nature of things it is not to be
expected that a party can be found that
on all subjects will be in accord with
former republicans who can no longer
support that party; but in the demo
cratic party, with its liberal ideas ex
pressed in the platform, of 1896 and to
be again , repeated, together with their
disapproval of imperialism and trusts,
we may, I believe, fully discharge our
duty as American citizens by the sup
port of that party. I feel assured that
with Mr. Bryan's nomination and elec
tion will come a better condition of ad
ministration in all departments of the
government a better hope for the mass
es; better opportunities for struggling
labor, and liberty to our own people and
all who are within our jurisdiction in
the islands of the sea." .
The applause following Senator Tel
ler's address waspf the wildest kind and
lasted several minutes.. -,. 1-
The Oratory of the Convention Was Fervid
and Was all, Notwithstanding Dave
Hill, for 16 to 1.
It is somewhat suprising that all the
convention speakers, whose addresses
will go before the public, were fervently
and specifically for an onward march in
stead of the retreat advised by Dave
Hill and the eastern democracy. The
more they were for silver and for stand
ing by the guns the more uproarious
were the cheers. Altgeld's remarks were
punctuated by cheers, nearly every sen
tence was given a round. He spoke as
follows: - ,
Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentleman:
Te-day the patriotic intelligence of
America is looking hopefully and anx
iously to this convention. Men wlao