The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902, December 07, 1899, Page 5, Image 5

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    '"Jfcjfl t'V.'m
7i TV
December 7,1899
Two Extremes
They form a combination hard to beat Clothing you buy hero is of
tlie highest quality, and the price we make to you is the lowest. Don't
wait until the last minute for your fall overcoat, be a little ahead of your
neighbors you get the best selection when the stocks are complete and
when all the sizes are in.
Those Oxford Grays:
tbost favorite, fashionable top coats. We have made a special
effort to show the most complete line of oxford grays that has ever been
shown in the west. We leave it to you if we have succeeded: Plain or
fancy lining, raw or felled edged, SHtin piped, quilted satin backs, velvet
dollars, $10, $11, $13.50, $14, $1S, $I6.S0, $1S, and $19.S0. Your
tailor's price double double double. We'd like lor you to look through
thU line and see if there is anything better for the money if there is,
we'd like to know it. ,
Zben again There are those brown Kersey overcoats. The overcoat
man says they're cradterjacks. Must be from the way they sell 'em, $7.
$8, $11, $13.50. A positive saving of from $2 to $5.
ttlen'S topcoatsthe brown vicuna kindldts of you won't wear
anything else. Don't blame you much there are no better coats made for
$12. Most stores say $15 $17.50.
Zbt mail order man is our expert in pleasing people.
H 111 1 Li IMVLi
Send Samples and State Quantity
G and 13th St.
Y 1- Christmas will be
1 HIP Til here in about th rue
I IIIZU IU weeks. Are you
P ready? Everv de-,
S"0nUP partment of our
EOUOlU store is filled with
t goods suitable for
irtl" Christmas pres-
I ill ents. The earlier
Al you come the more
U II II S I 111 U 0 fimt 3Ust0whatyou
wanu When you are in Lincoln come
and see the many beautiful things on
our counters and shelves, whether you
do "r do not wish to buy.
Handkerchiefs' uuu
among! he
ifif ling articles. 1,. our
I VI - f ik.,:..(
mas presents, and
this season we have
an immense stock
and almost endless
variety. Children's handkerchiefs with
neat colored borders lc, 2-c and 5c. each.
Ladies' fine linen handkerchiefs 5c, tTJc,
10c, 1'2'c, 15e, i"c, 35c, and 50c each.
Ladies' hemstitched and embroidered
handkerchiefs 8c, 10c, 12.!c, 15c, 20c, 25c
and up to $1 each. Ludies' lace edge
handkerchiefs 8ic, 10c, 121c, 15c, 20c, 25c
and up to $2 each. Men's shen lawn
handkerchiefs with pointed borders fie,
Hc. and 10c each.
Men's tine linen Hemstitched handker
chiefs 10, 12, 15, 20,
25, 35, and 50c each.
Ladies' kid gloves, excellent
values at U. $1.25, and $1.50
a pair. Ladies kid mittens
anfl r,- 75, and 11.00. Ladies'
Mocha Mittens 50, 75,81, and
IllftVPS Sl-25- Ladies' Silk mittens
UlUTWJ 35, a), 75. and 61. Ladies'
wool mittens 12J, 15. 20, 25, and 35c.
Children's kid mittens 25, 35,50. and 75c.
Child' en's silk mittens 50c. Children's
wool mitte.s 10, 15. 20, and 25c. Men's
lined gloves 30, 75, $1, M.25, and f 1.50.
Men's lined kid mittens 50, 75, and 81.
Men's kid gloves 75, 81, and 8150. Men's
wool mittens 25 and 35c.
Senator Hay ward Mormonism The
Journal- Chancellor Andrews Pullet
Pecked Cupid Coal and Mercury
To Comprehend Distance A Day in
Chicago Labor Unions Jackson
Park Quick Transportation The
Great Drainage Canal.
Death has deposed Senator Hayward.
The result of two political campaigns in
one year, loaH of purse, loss of health,
lo. of mind, loss of life. Ambition led
hirn to this death. Who next? Of coure
it will bo ex-Senator William V. Allen,
by the appointment of Governor 1'oyn
ter. He will need no introduction in
Washington, for he is known the world
over. An appointment holds till a meet
ing of the state legislature. So the next
legislature will hare two senators to
elect, one fqr four years and one for six.
Congressman elect Roberts of Utah,
has been denied the oath of office, and
wilt probably be denied a mat in con, at least he should be. Plural
marriages are outlawed in every stale
and territory on this continent, and it
would, not answer to seat an outlaw.
Congrers hart power, alone, to Beat or un
seat a member. Neither president or
court can in any way interlere.
The Journal gloats over West Virginia
being a McKinley state, but don't tell
1400-2 Union Ave
M. & P.
0 and 13th St
rv... 11 ff ...
f lir ItlllTTs X ihis lias been a won
Ml llAHIIk .1, 1 r
uti iui rjtruMjii lur jur
collarettes, and we ex
pect to sell a great
many for Christmas. We have them a
4.50, 6.00. 5 50, 6.00. 7.00, 8.00, 10.00. and
up to fl.).00 each. Ladies' Muffs a
1.50, 2.50, .'3.00, 3.50, 4.00, and up to $10
Other Good Things
for Christmas.
Wo cannot mention in detail all the good
things we havo thut are appropriate for
Christmas gifts, but below we call your
attention to a lew:
'gentlemen and Children
For Ladies
For Ladies and Gentlemen
For Ladies
For Ladies and Gentlemen
pillow Tors
25, 35, 50, and 75c.
how she got 1 here. The facts of the
eae are she voted 2033!) more votes than
she had men 21 years old, according to
the United States wensus. The Journal
alt-o quotes President Madison ns saying,
No constitution before was ever so well
calculated for extensive empire and self
government.'' Empire and self govern
ment together are all right, but buying
people and subjugating them is a very
very different prwee-H.
Wo were told in Chicago that Doctor
Andrews had been elected chancellor of
the state university of Nebraska. We
were pleased to hear it, for the doctor i
a school man and can teach political
economy, statesmanship as well as let
ters. He has convictions, and is not
afraid of them, is a friend of silver and
does not care who knows it. A chancel
lor should be a man of superior mould, a
little taller than the students and capa
ble of leading. Doctor Andrews the
Wait, papa, let me get your clean col
lar, don't go down town looking so; I'll
put it on for you, just wait a minute.
Yen, I'll wait, but who ever heard of a
Eullet peeked father before; we have
card of hen pecked husbands.
It It an old adage that as mercurv iroes
down Cupid goes np. This year m o al
went up mercury followed. Just now
mercury wemn to be going down, iust to
give Cupid a chauce4 that is all. '
In order to get a full
of the extent of country between Ne
braska and Chicago one needs to ride
over the ground on a slow train, stopping
at every station. We did that very
thing last week and saw one thing that
pleased us. Almost every corn crib on
the track is empty and the husking sea
son of a good crop is nearly over. This
shows that the farmers are able to crib
their own corn and hold it till the con
sumer wants it. The transportation
business is heavy on all tho roads. Sev
eral companies have laid double tracks
west through Llinoisand nearly through
Iowa. The Illinois Central has stretched
its western arm to Omaha, and how
much further it will stretch remains to
be seen. "
The new government post office build
ing resembles the skeleton of a dead
horse. The iron ribs stick up into the
air ten or twelve stories with no fle-shy
walls covoring them. Tho corner stone
remains, whero McKinley placod it. But
few more stones have been placod since.
Notwithstanding tho increase of busi
ness still hundreds of buildings stand
idle, and many are very largo and ' ex
pensive ones. It is predicted that there
will not be half tho new buildings erect
ed next year, compared with those of
this year. Building material f , all
kinds is so much higher and the me
chanins are , so liablo to strike when a
building is half up. No bargain can be
made with tho working men that will
hold over night We can't see why live
or ten mechanics can't join together,
take jobs aud do them with no contrac
tor to bother with. Then they can work
five or iilteen hours in a day and it is all
theirs. If they strike they strike against
themselves. 'Ihe man for whom they
work can retain ten per cent of each
weekly payment until the building t
completed and that will servo as a bond.
Jackson Park is worth visiting even
out of memory of what was once there,
the greatest world's show ever shown,
up to date, 'ihe wooded island is still a
be.-iuty. Tho higoon surrounding it has
not yet been loautitied. It is utilized
however as a rowing and skating park.
in 1 models or the shins in which Oolum
bus discovered America are still floating
here, l'lie ia;:in part of the ground is
devoted to grass, lawns and bushes. Few
trees havo been planted yet. Midway is
oevotea 10 grass and drive. A day
spent in the ola art building is well
spent. The building itself looks n little
suaoby. It was never intended for a
permanent building. Had the doorways
been guarded by buffalo instead of lions
it would look more Ameiican. It has
been decided to ouild a new permanent
ouudiug, tor Keeping these relics and
mementoes, down town on the ground
where the Libby prison stood. There
are no curiosities more interesting! the
wuoje collection man tne railway inven
tive stairs up which we have climbed to
our pi oi-ent state of locomotion. It re
quires no great stretch of the imagina
tion, to see the time in the next hund
red years, when a man can reside in Ne
braska, do business in Chicacro. come
home to dinner and get back on time.
Something has got to bo vet discovered
that will stop tho growth of cities. Fast
trains are building up suburban towns
but a mile a minute is a slow gate. The
most of the railroads enterinir tho citv
have elevated their tracks so tbey can
run faster without accident.
The groat Chicugo 'drainage canal is
alxiut to Ik opened. There is no great
engineering skill indicated on the job.
simply an excavation, much of the way
through solid rod;. 'This canid is ex
pected to drain the filth out of Chicago
It is feared by mnnv that disease and
sickness will follow the flow of tilth down
the river and that the lake will settle so
ns to rendor useless the present harbor,
Of course the flow down Niagra will be
that much less, but the hikes must, be
full before the river tret anv. lhe
011th end of L'ike MiclnVaninav !
lowered an inch or so but Lake Suuerior
sends down a rushing torrent thut will
rt go to keep up the level, then to
maintain the muring reputation of the
ig wonder, lhe Chicago harbor will
be washed clean before spring, and after
nat the impurities will lie so diluted
that no harm will como. The flow of a
river is a punfvmg process anvwav. In
getting down from the lake toiiver there
are several feet of fall, this will afford a
tremendous water power which the citv
l fM,:,... 1 , ...n:... : i- i
jiiii,ifcw )iijnr-B iu uiiii.ii in iigrii.-
ng the city and tarnsroiUmir txiwer for
other mechanical purposes. At present
there is a hitch between the two authori
ties, city and state, and the oiieninir mnv
I . J 1 1 r - ,
oe ueiftyea ior some (lays.
H ItllN M: ,,r .M l TIC. M l'SCl'1,,1 1; r A It
It I I. tit, Kiiinrt'cil anil Si ill I
. ime-eo-ini -All cam Mint ran hrrmedat
IUT .iPIMNljSran liecmed AT HUM K Our
roinliiiiiitioii of Mi'dieal nnd Klratrical Vauor
1)8 Combined Tisatat cf !he Great
Science, Medoe. and Electricity,
I ropirly applied, ciiren Chrooic. Nrvou. nnd
rritate uiaM ,f Men and Women.
When nmvr.H uuod tdiiiiuf mm ilinm
Indention, Heartburn, Flatulence, Soor Stom-
nrn. .iHiiwa. MrK Heil'ii!lie,Uaitralirin.CrRmM.
vorm. etc.. Electricity with Medicine
PliallllHUH lO HIlll'K 111 iMirn nil om..
bli- of the We. TliriHit. Cln-t. Suimacli. Lirer,
and kidur-y OieHe. IIIimmI Pnlixin-Hrifflit't
Diorane. Dinheri. jddnr T-onhle. Nervou
lilwf- .St. Vitni Dunce. Kpilnpxy. Nervoua
IytH-pin. MournUria. Hirart Tmnhla rmn..
tliHtic), i'alnitutioii. etc. n,l nil
Skin Di-raxe.
examination and Consultation FREE.
Treatment by mini a nin.clalty. Call on or
addreawith nam p. ltoiM.
Main Office: Roomzn.29, Rlclmrdf Block,
VhilT OnarantT enr4
twt'lnoi ooalni nvfraad.
AJITl-PtLL CO, Uawda, Sh.
M unled A Newnpap. r OpeuilR.
Two prnrtlrnl printers 11 ml c ! ' "'.oil netr;vi
imt men. of mature yea'" ;..,u .irled expen.
enco in civil life, would i atfi It it: n nf r.n 01
portntiily to take charge f a reform paper tn
NebrarVa, by leateor otlirrr !. Addrm the
Indi'iiendoiit JLInroln, Nub.
Tlu President Addresses Both Branches
of the Rational Assembly,
What la 8mlrt of th Philippine. Cuba
Port Rico, Hawaii, Traits, Army and
Ny, Pennlona, PaclHo RallroU, ACT
rlcnlture, th Corraucy, Civil Servlvo,
Etc, Ete.
To the Senate and Houno of Iteprc
srntatlves: At the threshhold ot
your deliberations you are called to
mourn with your countrymen 'tho
death or vice President llohart, wuo
pased from this life on tho morning
ct November 1, last. Ills great uou
now rests In eternal peace. His pri
vate life was pure and elevated, wane
his public career was ever 'distin
guished by largo capacity, stainless
integrity and exalted motives. He
baa been removed from the hlsh of
5co which ho honored and Ulsnl.led
out his lofty character," his devotion
to duty, his honesty of purpose and
r.obla virtues remain with us a3
priceless lecacy and example.
The Fifty-sixth congress convenes
In its first regular session with the
country in a condition of unusual
prosperity, of universal good wilt
among the people at nomo and in re
lations of peace and friendship witn
every government of the world. Our
foreign commerce has shown great
increase In volume and value. The
combined imports and exports for the
year are the largest ever shown by a
single yerr in all our history. Our
exports for 1SS? alone exceeded by
nore than 51,000,000,000 our imports
and exports combined in 1S70; Tn
ln:port3 per capita are -0 per cent
less than in 1870, while the exports
per capita are D8 per cent more than
In 1870, showing the enlarjed capacity
0 the ' tfrulcd Et.."3 to BCit)ry the
wants cf its own Increasing popula-
t:on, as well as to contribute to those
of the peoplsa of other nations.
Exports of agricultural product!
Ti-ra 5784.77G,li2j- Of manufactured
products we exported In valuo Z'i'),-
22,146, being larger than any previous
year. It Is a noteworthy fact that tho
only years In all our history w;::n the
products of our manufactories eolrt
abroad exceeded those bought abroad
u-a 1S3S afld Itra
The Etrong condition cf tha treasury
with respect to cash on hand and the
favorable showing made fcy the reve
nue have rrndo it possible for tho sec
rctary of the treasury to tr.ko action
under the provisions of section 3.C31,
Revised btatutcs, to tho suii
ins fund. Receipts ezecztied crpsnd-
lt-jrea for the crat five months of the
current fiscal ytar by $13,il3,',
na, aa mentioned above, the aecre
tary of the treasury estimates that
thero will be a surplus of approxl
mateiy ?10,0o3,00a at the ead of the
year. Under s;ich conditions H was
(".ccmed r.'ivloabie and proper to re
sume compliance ivUh the provisions
cf the sinking fund lav.-, valch for
:Iit years ha8 cot been doao because
of dsficleccles in the revanneti. The
Treasury deparimpnt therefore offered'
to purchase durins November $25.
COCOOO of the 5 par cent loan of 1SU4
01 the 4 per cent Iundcd loan of 131)7
ct the current market price. Tho
Lmouct oilered and purchased during'
November wa3 $13,403,1)30. Tho pre
mium paid y the government on such
purchases was 5-.-C3.52l and the net,
raving In Interest wj:s about J2,-Si3.-CO'J.
The tmccess of this operation was
sufficient to induce the government to
continue the offer to bonds to
or.d including the 23d day of Decem
ber, iusiant, unless the remainder of
tne 55,000,000 called for should bo
presented In the meantime for re-,
Increased activity In Industry, with
lt welcome attendant a larger em
ployment for labor at niftier wages
gives to the body of tbe people a lar
ger power to absorb the circulating
medium. It Is further true that year
by year, with larger areas or tana
:nder cultivation, the Increasing vol
ume of agricultural products, cotton,
';orn and wheat calls for a larger vol
ume of money supply. This Is es
pecially noticeable at the crop-har-ycetlng
and crop moving period.
In Us earlier blntory the national
ai.klng act ncemed to prove a rea--or.abie
avenue through which neeo
!ul additions to the circulation could
'.cm time to time bo made. Changing
conditions havo apparently rendered
t now Inoperative to that end. The
I'ipn margin in ootid securities re
Hired, resulting from larse premi
ums, wbirh governnr'nt bonus com
i-ann in tue marKet, or tee tax on
'.ola issues, or both operating togetn-
t, appear to be the Influences which
"mpRlr its puWlc utility.
ice attention cf csnpress is re
wt'ullr Invited to this Important
matter with the vlnvr of ascertaining
whether or not such reasonable modifi
cations can be made in the national
banking act as will rcnaer Us service
In tho particulars here referred to
more responsive to the people's needs.
1 again urge that national banks be
authorized to organize with a capital
Of 125.000.
I urgently recommend that to sup
port tbe existing gold ataadard and to
maintain "the parity of value of the
coins ot the two metals (gold and
silver), and the equal power of every
dollar at all times 1a the market and
In the payment of debts," the secre
tary of. the treasury be glvea addi
tional power and charged with the
duty to aell United States bonds and
to employ such other effective means
as may be necessary to those ends.
fats authority should Include the
power to sell bonds on long and short
time, as conditions may require, and
sl'ould provide for a rate of interest
lower, than that fixed by the act of
January 14, 1176. While there is now
no commercial flight which withdraws
gold from th government, but on tbe
contrary such widespread confidence
that gold seeks tbe treasury demanding
paper money In exchange, yet the very
situation points to the present as the
nest fitting time to make adequate
provision insure the continuance
of the gold standard and of public
confidence in the ability and purpose of
the government to meet aft Its obliga
tions In the money which the civilized
world recognizes as the best
The financial transactions of the
government are conducted upon a golc"
basis. We receive gold when we sell
United States bonds and use gold for
their payment. We are maintaining
the parity of all the money issued or
coined by authority 01 the government.
We are doing these things with the
means at band. Happily at the present
time we are not compelled to resort
to loans to supply gold. It has been
done in the past, however, and may
have to be done In the future. It be
hooves us, therefore, to provide at
once the best means to meet the
emergency when it arises and tne best
means are those which .are the most
certain and economical. Those now
authorized have, the virtue neither of
directness nor economy. We have al
ready eliminated one cf the causesNof
our financial plight and embarrassment
during the years 1893, 1S94, 1SS5 and
1896. Our receiits now eival our ex
penditures deficient revenues no laag
er create alarm. Let us remove the
only remaining cause by conferring
the full and necessary power on the
secretary cf the treasury and impose
upon him the duty to uphold the pres
ent gold standard and preserve the
coinage of the two metals on a parity
with each other, which la the repeat
edly declared policy of the United
In this connection I repeat my for
mer recommendations, that a portion
of the gold holding shall be placed
in a trust fund from which greenbacks
nhall be redeemed upon presentation,
but when once redeemed shall not
thereafter be paid out except for gold.
. Combinations of capital organized
into trusts to control the conditions
of trade among our citizens, to stifle
competition, limit production and de
termine 'the prices of products used
and consumed by the people are Justly
provoking public discussion and should
early claim the attention of the con
pre?". TLo industrial commission, created
by U:o net of the congress of June IS,
1893, has been eug-gid in excendid
investigation of this subject and the
conclusions and recommendations at
vhich it may arilve are unde.ermineJ.
ihe subject is one giving rlss to
many divergent views as to the nature
and variety or cause and extent of thj
injuries to the publ.c which may result
l:om large combinations concent rat
ing more or less numerous enterprises
and cstaclishcrnts ws!ca previou3;y
to the formation of tho combination
wera carried on s?Darii.ely.
it is universally concsded that com
binations which encrcs3 or control thj
market of eny particular kind of mer
rnandlse or comicou.j necessary to
the general community, by suppress
ing natural and ordinary competition,
whoreby pries ara unduly eh.n-el
to the general consumer, are obnox-
i-r.s not only to the common law, but
also to tae public veliare. There mtst
je a remody for the evils involved in
such organizations. If the presant
law can be extenacd more certainly
to control or check tkese monopolies
or trusts it should be done without tie-
sy. Whatever poyor tho congress
:casesncs ovr this most lmp-j.xant
ubject snonld bo promptly ascertain
d and aassitsd.
President Harrison, In his annual
ffiessase of December 3, 18S9, says:
Lirnest attention shou.d be given
by congress to a consideration of the
mestlon how far the restraint cf those
combinations of capital, commonly
called 'trusts.' is matter of federal
urisdictlon. T7hen organized, as thiy
often are, to crush out all, healthy coin
ctition and to monopolize the p.od:c
1011 or sale of an article cf commerce
znd general necessity, they are dan
serous against the publl:
ocd and shou d be made the But J set
f prohibitory and even penal leslsla-
An act to protect trade and com
merce against unlawful restra nts and
monoponcs was pasted by congress on
he 2d of July, 1830. The provisions
of this statute are and
tringenL It declares every contract
or combination In the form of a trust
or otherwise, or conspiracy in the re
traint of trade of commerce among
he several states or foreign na
tions, to be unlawful. It
as a criminal every person who makes
any such contract or engages in any
auch combination or conspiracy and
provides a punishment by fine or Im
prisonment. It invites the several
Ircuit courts of the United States witb
urisd'ction to prevent and restrain
v.clatior.s of the act and mikes it ti.e
uty of the several United States die
rict attorneys, under the direction of
he attorney ritncral, to institute pro-
eedmss In equity to provent and re
strain such violations. It further con-
.era rpon any person who shall be in
jured in his business or property by
iny ether person or corporation by
reas3:i of anything forbidden or de
clared to b? unlawful by t'.e act the
lower to sue therefor in any circuit
ourt cf the United Statu without re
pect to the amount In controversy
;nd to recover thr:c-fold the damages
oy bl;:i sustained and the couta of ue
r,uit, including rcasonaole attorney
fees. It will be perceived toat the act
is aimed at every kind of combination
in the ra'.ura of a trust or monopoly
in restraint of Interstate or interna
tional commerce.
The prcateu loa by tho Unltid
States of offenses under the) act of
i90 bos ben frocjuenuy reported to
In the federal courts and notable t. orta
In tbe restraint of Interstate coa
mereo. such as tho Transjolaocrl
Freight association and tho Joint Traf
fic association, have been successfully
opposed and suppressed.
President Cleveland in bis annual
racsrage of December 7, 119 more
than six years after tbe enactment of
this law after stating the evils of
these trust combinations, says:
"Though congress has attempted to
deal witn this "matter by legislation
the laws passco for that purpose thus
far have proved Ineffective, not because
of any lack of disposition or attempt to
enforce them, but simply because the
laws themselves as Into, pre ted by the
courts do not reach the difficulty, if
the Insufficiency of the listing laws
ran be remedied by further legisla
tion It should be done. The fact must j
bm recognized, however, that all fed
C1 legislation on this,, subject may 1
fall 4flA Mf MB MMUIM Mtm
nerent obstacles and also becaase at
the complex character of our govern
mental system, which, while making
the federal authority supreme within
its sphere, has carefully limited thai
cphere by metes and bounds.
a wimui
cannot be transgressed.
The uecisios
of our highest court on this precis
question renders It quits doub.ful
whether the evils of trusts and mo
nopolies can be adequately , treated
through federal action, unless they
seek directly and purposely to tncludo
In their objects transportation or in
tercourse between states or tho United
States and foreign countries.
"It does not follow, however, that
this is the limit of the remedy that
may be applied. Even though it may
be found that federal authority is not
broad enough to fully reach the case,
there can be no doubt of the power
of the several states to act effectively
in the premises and there suould be n?
reason to doubt their willingness to
Judiciously exercise such power."
The state legislation to which Pres
ident Cleveland looked for relief from
the evils of trusts has failed to accom
plish fully that object This Is probably
due to a graat extent to the fact that
different states take different views
as to the proper way to discriminate
between evil and injurious combina
tions and those associations which ars
beneficial and necessary to the busi
ness prosperity of the country. The
great diversity of treatment in dlfTer
erent states arising fro mthls causo
and the intimate relations of all parts
of the country to each otner, without
regarding state lines In the conduct
of business, have made the enforce
ment of state laws difficult.
It is apparent that uniformity of leg
islation upon this subject in tho sev
eral states is much to be desired. It Is
to be hoped that such uniformity,
founded in a wise and just discrimin
ation between what Is injurious and
what is us'ful and necessary, in busM
nessy operations, may be obtained and
that means may be found for the con
gress within the limitations of its con
stitutional power so to supplement an
effective code of state legislation as
to make a complete svstem of laws
throughout the United States adequate
to compel a general observance of the
sutary rules to which I have re
ferred. , ..
The whole question Is so Important
and far-reacblng that I am sure no part
of it will be lightly considered, but
every phase of it will have the studied
deliberation of the congress, resulting
in wise and judicious action. .
My auual message of last year was
necessarily devoted in great part to a
consideration of the Spanish war and
of the reEuits it wrought and the con
ditions it Imposed for the future. 1 am
... .1 , m i- n lk. Ik. . .mm
giiiLiiicu iu uuuu(iui.ii mat tue ucaij
of peace has restored friendly relations
between the two powers. Effect has
been given to its most Important pro
visions. The evacuation of Porto Ri
co having already been accomplished
Ja tae toth of October, 1893, nothing
remained necessary there but to con
tinue the provisional military control
of the Island until tbe congress suouid
enact a suitable government for the
ceded territory. Ot the character nd
scope of the measures to that end I
shall treat in another part of this mes-S-5;e.
- - ' -
ihe withdrawal of the authority
of Spain from' tho island of Cuba was
effected by January 1, so that the full
re-establishment of peace found the re
.inqulBhed territory held by us in trust
.'or the lnhao.-ants maintaining, under ,
the direction of tho. executive, such
government and control therein aa
should conserve public order, restore
the productive conditions cf peace so
Ions disturbed by tne instability and
disorder which prevailed for the great
er part of the three preceding decades,
ana bui.d up that tranquil development
of the domestic state whereby a. one
can be realized .ue high purpose as
proclaimed In the Joint resolution
adopted by the congress on April 19,
189S, by which tue Unfed States dis
claimed any disposition or intention
to exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction of
control over Cuba, except for the paci
fication thereof, and d-ciared its inten
tion when that was accomplished to
leave the government ard control of
tbe island u its people. Tbe piedgo
contained in this resolution is of the
highest honorable ooligation and must
be sacredly kept.
. I helleve that anhntantlAl rrn-pa
has been niade in this direction. All -the
administrative measures adopted
In Cuba have aimed to fit it for n re
generated existence by enforcing the
supremacy of law ana justice; by p'.at-
ery of administration in the hands of
the Inhabitants; by instituting sanitary
reforms; by spreaalng education; by
fostering industry and trade; by incul
cating publl-! morality and, In short, by
taxing every rational step to aid the
Cuban people to attain to tnat p.ane or
zelf conscious respect and self reli
ant unity which fits an enlightened
community for se.f government wltnln
Us own sphere, while enabling It to
fulfill all outward obligations.
This nation has assumed before the
world a grave responsibility for the
future good government of Cuba. We
have accepted a trust the fulfillment of
which calls for the sternest integrity
of purpose and the exercise of the high
est wisdom. The new Cuba yet to ar
ise from the ash' 1 of the past must
needs be bound to us by ties of sin
gular intimacy and strength if Its en
during welfare is to be assured. Wheth
er those ties shall be organic or con
ventional, tne destines of Cuba are in
rm rljrhtfnl form and manner Irre
vocably linked with our own, but how
and how far is for the future to de
termine in the ripeness of events.
Whatever be the outcome, we must see
to it that free Cuba be a reality, not
name, a perfect entity, not a nasty ex
periment bearing within Itself the ele
ments of failure. Our mission, to ac
complish which we took up the wages)
of battle Is not to be fulfilled by turn
ing adrift aay loosely f tamed com
monwealth to face tne vicissitudes tnat
too often attend weaker states whos ,
natural weaitn and abundant resources
are offset by the incongruities ot their
nrhlltieal nrraniq ntirm anil th ripnr.
ring occasions for international rival
ries to sap their strength and dissipate,
their energies. The greatest blesalng,
which can come to Cuba is the restora
t'n of her agricultural and industrial '
prosperity which will give employment
to idle men and re-establish the par
cults of peace. This is her chief and
Immediate need.
On the 19th of August, last, as ordsr
(Continued next weoh.)