Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 31, 1899)
THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT.
FIAT FIXED IT.
t;4. a i ti.. mina nf trcAA. flat can fix
a price on silver. If yon do not believe
sold is flat money, demonetise it and see
Sow quickly it will fall to the price that
s demand, tor it In tha arts will, fix -Madison
PRICES GO DOWN. .
As an evidence of how the "immense"
orop ie tending toward stopping the
"croaking" and bringing prosperity to
the farmers we call attention to tne
present prices for the new crop of wheat
40 cents. Two weeks ago the price was
55 cents. As long as the crop is in the
v hands of the farmers the price is low.
When the speculators get it up goes the
price. Madison Star. v
We call the Philippine war, McKinley 's
. war, because he began it, without ask
ing the consent of congress, which, ac--cording
to ancient ideas, is supposed to
have the sole power of declaring war.
We call it McKinley's war, furthermore,
because McKinley could have prevented
H and the cost of life and treasure, if he
had acted toward the representatives of
the Filipino people even with the com
mon: courtesy which one gentleman al
ways shows to another. Bayonet.
Mr. Bryan, nominated in 1900 will
have the same 6,500.000 votes which he
received in 1894 without a doubt. In
' addition it would not be surprising if he
received at least a million more votes
from those influenced to vote for him and
the principles of the democratic party
by the issues which have risen since 96
and in respect to which the republican
party has shown a tendency to swing
farther and farther away from the ideas
of its founders and from the principles
which have guided the nation along the
lines of progress. Buffalo Timer.
WE TOLD YOU SO .
By a practically unanimous vote the
Annnnntinna nf tllA nnnOCr&tiG
VUIW .-.VM . WM.w - J r -
forces nominated for supreme . fudge a
man wno was not tne nrst cooice ui tuo
Times. This paper and its editor used
nil hnnnvahla manna to nrecent that
nomination. But what is our duty
now? Simply this:
Bryan expects of every friend this year
And every friend of Bryon answers
true: - '
"The imperialists shall not carry Ne
braska!" Papillion Times. )
. V; ' - A GREAT SCHEME
The army in the Philippines is,- ac
cording to the plans now preparing, to
consist, soon, of over 50,000 men. It
' has been estimated somewhere, that
each private costs the United States at
" the rate of $100 per month.: Here we
have a cost of 25,uoo,uuu per year ior
an army to subjugate the Philippines so
that our wage workers may have the
opportunity of emigrating there and
competing with the Filipino natives at
the rate of 10 cents per day of eight
hours work, or our farmers may take
op plantations and submit to be rack
rented by the Spanish friars who own all
the land worth owning. Bayonet.
TO RISE NO MORE
H Although it happens, on the average,
not oftener than once in a generation
that there is a geneine uprising of the
people in opposition to tne ncn and
powerful classes, whenever such an up
risine does take place it is irresistable.
On such occasions the men who oppose
the masses of the people are retired per
manently from politics. No matter how
great their power may have been before,
if they oppose the people in one of these
genuine uprisings that occurs after long
intervals, when some great issue stirs
the people, the politician who opposes
them goes down to rise no more. Na
WHAT WE CLAIM.
We do not claim that the populist
party is all perfect and all wise. We do
not claim that the populist party does
not make mistakes. We do not claim
that thete are not men of virtue and pa
triotism in the republican ranks. What
we do claim is that we realize that con
ditions as they now exist deprive the
laborer of the largest proportion of the
fruits of bis labor and that these condi
tions have been brought about by the
legislation of the past forty years. We
claim that the party which represents all
the vested Interests, all the corporate
wealth, all the monopolies which have
concentrated in their hands, the pro
ducts of the labor of the mass of the
people should not be trusted with the
government of the people. We do not
expect to reform everything at once;
progress is by slow stages and the road
to right is a toilsome one, but we do
claim that we are animated by the de
eire to establish the reign of Justice here
upon earth. Bayonet.
WORDS OF WISDOM.
Taare la a, Moral of all hamaa talaa,
'Tla bat tha aaoa rahaaraal of tat paat,
rirtt traadom and thaa glory wba that falli
Waaltb, Ttoa, corruption barbarism at laat.
Aid hlatory, with all bar rolamaa rant, bath bat
v oaa pag."
As long as you have a boundless ex
tent of fertile and unoccupied land, your
laboring population will be far more at
case than the laboring population of the
old world, and, while that is the case the
Jefferson politics may continue to exist
without causing any fatal calamity.
But sines we live in an epoch of change
and too probably of revolution, and
, tbongbts which are not to be put aside
are In the minds of all men capable of
thought, I am obliged to afflrm the one
principle wbtco can, and in the end will,
close all epochs of revolution that each
man will possem the 'ground he can use,
and no more. John Buskin.
POPULISM OR SOCIALISM
In your issue of August 17, 1899, you
undertake to answer my argument by
denouncing it as socialism. Your first
sentence is: "The above Ms clean cut,
straight socialism." Then on your edi
torial page you give me a very kind
touching np for advocating socialism
and you there say: "The ' proposition
advocated by him-is in direct conflict to
the principles of the populist party as
expressed in its national platform." Let
us see who is correct.
After describing certain evils I said:
"but the best remedy obtainable is na
tionalism, co-operation through the gov
ernment; government ownership of mo
nopolistic industries." -
Our national platform of 1896 declared
for government ownership and operation
of railroads and telegraphs and , the es
tablishment of government postal sav
ings banks. In our state platform we
have repeatedly declared in favor , of
municipal ownership and operation of
all city ' utilities. Will you be kind
enough to point out to me the difference
in principle between these platform de
mands of the populist party and the
remedy that I proposed?
Is the national post-office socialistic?
Are our public schools socialistic?
Would it be socialism for government to
own and operate the railroads and tele
graph and telephone lines and to estab
lish and operate postal savings banks;
and for cities to own and operate street
cars, lighting plants and water-works?
If so, then populism is socialism.
But I deny emphatically that it is
socialism to advocate these reforms; it
is populism. It may be conceded that
there is an element of socialism in snob a
policy. But, taking you on your own
definition of socialism, it is far removed
from the "collective ownership of all
means of production and distribution,"
Involving, as this does, the collective
ownership of all property. As you have
yoursell.said a number of times this
year, this idea of the collective owner
ship qf all property is the foundation of
socialism. Populism is nationalism, co
operation through the government,
limited to those important lines of in
dustry that are naturally monopolistic.
To break the great railroad trust, let
the government take over to itself a
number of the trunk lines of railroad.
To break the telegraph and telephone
trusts, let the government take over the
telegraph and telephone lines.. To break
the banking trust, let the government
establish and operate, postal savings
banks. To break the trusts or monopo
lies existing in all the cities, let the cities
run tbeir own street cars, lighting plants
and water-works. These reforms are
speciflcall demanded in our national and
state platforms. This is what I advo
cated in the article which you criticise;
only this and hotbing more.
There is no question of overproduction
discussed in that article; you have mis
understood it entirely.
The real question I discussed ie: Un
fair and unjust distribution. The rem
edy I proposed is: Government ownership
of certain lines of Industry,
The figures I gave were given for the
purpose of showing that the owner of
the improved machine and of the steam
that runs it possessed such an advan
tage over the laborer who is tied to it
by his necessities, that such owner inevi
tably takes more than his fair share of
the profits accruing from the joint labor
of the machine and the man. .
For instance, the railroads: Why can
a poor man ride six miles for one cent in
Garmany, while it costs him three cents
to ride one mile in the United Slates?
The answer is: Government ownership;
and many similar questions are ans
wered in the same way. Who pockets
the difference in the cost? The owner of
the improved machine, or means of
transportation, or whatever improve
ment it may be that is used. "Here is
unjust distribution. The large profit
that flows from the use of the improve
ment goes to the already wealthy few.
It ought to go to all the people; and it
does under government ownership and
You assert that my argument has
been answered a thousand times. This
shows again your misapprehension of
my argument; for these questions are
very modern, not yet a quarter of a
century old; for it is within the last
twenty-five years that this condition
has come upon the world, the spectacle
of the capitalistic class becoming the
task-masters of the toilers by means of
the hitherto onknown improved machin
ery and industrial facilities. Such im
provements never before existed; hence
capital never before bad the use of them;
hence the question never existed until
recently; hence the neceesity of govern
ment ownership of transportation and
other improved industrial facilities, was
never so imperative as now.
You ask: How will public ownership
help us to pay our debts? I answer: By
a more equal and just distribution of
the product of toil. Now the man who
toils with the machine cannot retain his
just share of the joint earnings. By
reason of the conditions I have referred
to and set forth more fully in my other
article, capital takes a large share that
belongs to the laborer. For instance
the recent advances in prices, forced by
the trusts, which live by the ownership
and use of improved machinery and in
dustrial facilities. The tin plate trust
recently advanced wages $500,000 a
year and at the same time, or within a
short time it has advanced the price of
tin plate so as to gather an additional
profit of $20,000,000 a year. Take
away Improved machinery and improved
Industrial facilities and every trust
would die., Tbeee improvement) take
the place of men who are dearer, but the
benefits go chiefly, not all but chiefly,
Into the pockets of the few who are
already wealthy. This makes paupers
of the multitude: this is why debts can
not be paid. Give us govern moot nam.
ership of the lines I have mentioned and
a long step will be taken to compel a
just distribution to ail laborers of the
joint product of labor and capital.
n nemer rrou ueruta is entirely cor
rect in his figures or not, yet every
Intelligent man knows that itum h
electricity ar now doing mora work
iubu wae uoaa oy ail tbe men In the
world 100 yean ago: and that ouch of
tbe pauperism of today due to the Inn
possibility to obtain work.
I willingly leave the question la the
hands of your readers, whether I stand
for populism or socialism.
Kearney, Neb. W. L. Hand.
They didn't have any of this Improved
machinery In the eld Roman empire, yet
John Stuart Mill and every other stand
ard economist has pointed out how the
wealth of the whole empire concentrated
in the bands of the few by means of the
increasing purchasing power of money.
This argument that the concentration
of wealth is caused by the invention of
improved machinery is not sound. It is
the fall the constant and long contin
ued fall for twenty-five years in prices
that has caused this concentration of
wealth. If tbe quantity of money was
increased in the same proportion as tbe
increase in production, there would be
none of this trust business or1 concentra
tion of wealth. V ' '
Populists believe that inventions and
improvements of all kinds should be
welcomed and fostered. The more labor
saving machinery that there is In ' use,
the mere wealth will there be produced.
That .wealth can be equitably distributed
by the control of the volume of money
in the interest of the people. T
What was objected to was an assault
upon this principle. The two points
made in the former article to which ob
jection was made, in regard to the free
coinage of silver and the increase in the
volume of money were iu direct conflict
with the populist platform. Tbe argu
ment was the old goldbug argument as
well as the socialist argumont. The
gold bugs said, and still say, ' that the
farmer ought to get a less price for his
wheat because of the labor saving har
veeter, binder and improved thresher.
That all the benefit should go to the
interest taker and bond holder. The
populists say . that the price of wheat
should have remained stable. Then the
producer would have bad the benefit to(
improved machinery, But under the
management of the money power, all
the. benefit goes . to capital" as the
phrase goes, but in fact to the office
holder, the money lender and the bond
holder. It 1b not tbe harvester cot
improved machinery that has ddne this.
It is the fall in price of wheat from $1.50
to 50 cents a trashel.
- If the position taken were true, tbe
correct remedy would be to destroy the
labor Baving machines. Burn up tbe
harvester, the mower and the threshing
machine and go back to the sickle and
the flail.2.' It is not the oyer production
of wealth by means of improved machin
ery that makes the masses poor and the
rich grow richer. It is because prices
are not stable. Every time a machine is
invented that pro luces more, prices fall
in exact proportion. If prices remained
the same, tbe producer would get the
benefit of the machine. That is not only
the populist doctrine, but the science, of
political economy as taught by every
authority on the subject.
OUR PLAIN DUTY
Our duty is plain. It is to quicken the
Intellect and the conscience of our people
by education. The duty of tbe hour is
to see that every American home is vis
ited weekly by such newspapers as
represent the people's cause and are not
in the service of Mammon. Spurn tbe
free gifts of reading matter, whether in
the form of weekly editions of a subsid
ized commercial press furnished at a
price often less than one-fourth of the
cost, or pamphlets furnished free. Re
member that tbe enemies of liberty who
have overtaken tbe overthrow of tbe
Republic and the establishment of a
military despotism are now in the midst
of their deadly work and that their suc
cess depends upon confusing the intel
lects of honest people. Therefore, arouse
yourselues now while time is on your
side. Remember that your work must
be done this year. Next year sides will
be taken by the people, after which their
ignorance or their prejudices cannot be
easily overcome. After the money kings
start the free distribution of newspapers
and pamphlets and tbe air is filled with
the eloquence of party spell binders and
tbe noise and glare of fireworks it will be
too late to reclaim honest voters who
can easily be reclaimed if the right read
ing matter is;put into tbeir bands this
year. Doty calls us to act now. Next
year may be too late. Let ns accept the
call of duty and enter at once npon tbe
work of arousing the intellect and con
science of tbe nation. If we do our duty
in this regard we cannot fail. National
Watchman. . - "
FATE OF RUSKIN
The Ruskin colony In Tennessee hes
been under the hammer. Tbe land was
bougnt, by the members who brought
suit for receivership and winding np of
affairs, while tbe paper, The Co mirg
Nation, was purchased by the majority
stockholders, who have reorganized un
der the name of "Ruskin Common
wealth," and will settle en a new location
in Ware county, Ga., near the Florida
boundary line. Later advices state
that tbe receiver will sell tbe land over
again, as tbe purchasers are without
means and cannot pay for the same.
The total price realized for land and
chattels was upwards of $30,000, but a
the land will be sold again, and figured
at about $18,000 In tbe above total, it
Is likely that a much smaller, sum will
finally be realisad and divided among
tbe stockholders. .The courts and law
yers will, no doubt, gobble up tbe major
part of what is left.
m tea dimct Tt m pamdl
raadr to-fall work, . naTl i ' m.
'r'w IB4, AM, HI-
Oalr Now factor la tin laM iiMMiilj airaamlani
lwHnmJM.7 X fil) - -V-
Car for Eaeaaalve Faraplratlon.
A frequent and most annoying sum
mer ailment Is that of excessive per
lptration of the feet Sufferers from
this should te careful that their boots
and Bhoes are roomy and that , they
have clean stockings every day. The
feet should be washed night and morn
ing and In trd cases still more often,
In salted waer, or In water to which
a little carbonate of soda has ,' been
added. After washing dust the feet
with this powder: Washed sulphur, 30
grains; salicylic acid, 7 grains; pow-der-d
arrowroot, 4 ounces.; Excessive
pertrlratlon of the body is generally
an indication of weakness, and a tonic
or ' ange of .tr often actB beneficially.
Bathing the skin with sage tea is often
recommended, and this remedy has cer
tainly the marlt of simplicity. Boston
Post '::"; v .
: Tha Or:at V7rU of China.
The great w-ll of China, built by the
first emperor of the Tsln dynasty.about
220 B. C, is 1,250 miles long. Includ
ing a parapet of five feet, Its total
height is 20 f-ot; thickness at the base,
25 feet; at the top, 15 feet. Towers
occur at intervals of about V yards,
the dlmenslr-is of which are: Base,. 40
feet square; Bummlt, 30 feet; height,
from 37 to 60 feet. . Earth Inclosed in
brickwork fqrms tbe mass of tbe wall,
but for more than halt Its length It Is
now little else than a crumbling heap
of rubbish. It was built as a guard
against Tartar and other Invaders, but
never served its purpose. It Is the man
behind the gun or, in this case, the
man behind the wall that offers the
only sure defense. . .. .... .. '
. The Blae of tha Ocean. ; '
The Pacific covers 68,000,000 square
miles; the tlantic 30,000.000 and the
Indian ocean, Arctic and antarctic 42,
000,000. To stow away the contents of
the Pacific It would be necessary tq fill
a tank one tulle long, one mile wide
and one mile deep every day for 440
years. ' Put in figures, the Pacific holds
In weight 984,000,000,000,000,000,000
tons. The Atlantic averages a depth
of not quite three miles. Its waters
weigh 325,000,000,000,000,000 tons, and
a tank to contain it would have each
of Its sides 430 miles long. ' The fig
ures of the other oceans are in the
same startling proportions.
Clover Waapa. . " ' .
Among the insects whose proceed
ings sometimes suggest the thought
that they are guided by something
closely akin. to reason are the solitary
wasps. These wasps kill caterpillars,
spiders and other Insects by stinging
them, and then bury the victims in
burrows containing their own eggs,
thus furnishing food for their larvae
as they hatch out. ' The operation of
making and closing up the burrows Is
a curious and interesting one to watch
particularly when the wasps use as
they occasionally do a small stone to
pound down the earth. ' : , ,
Afraid tha Thamea Will Ban Dry.
Mr. McDougall of the London County
Council, is afraid that the Thames will
run dry, owing to the dams that are
being built in the upper reaches of the
river. Whereas last year 843,000,000
gallons of water a day passed over
Teddington Weir in May and 429,000,
000 gallons in June, the figures for this
year are 550,000,000 gallons in May and
230,000,000 gallons In June. In one day
of July only 142,000,000 gallons flowed
over. It Is feared that the result may
be an epidemic of disease, arising from
the undiluted sewage of tbe city:
: Village of Colored People. -
Oberton Is a village in tbe Choctaw
Nation, Indian Territory, of about 500
Inhabitants, all of whom are colored.
The "postmaster is a colored man, the
notary public is colored, and there Is a
colored marshal. Tbe town has not
yet been incorporated, but likely will
be soon, at which time the entire set
of officers will be colored. There is
considerable business enterprise among
some of the people of the neighbor
hood, which comprises a circle of fif
teen miles. )
Bag Lift Three Pounde.
Justice of tbe Peace John J. Hare, of
this city, has a strange bug that can
lift three pounds with his pincers. He
captured the bug on the sidewalk and
took it Into bis store, and while hold
ing It In a pair of pincers th bug
took hold of a box of watch screws
weighing three pounds, and when Mr.
Hare pulled the bug away It held on
to the box for three minutes and bad
a good bold at the end of that time.
Klephanta In Crylon. '
The elephant shooting of Ceylon 1
the best in tbe world, and tbe easiest
attainable. Tbe Ceylon elephants have
been carefully preserved by tbe gov
srnment, which regulates the shooting
according to the number of animals.
The "Idea Is to keep a constant herd of
2,000, and when there is not an excess
of this number the shooting Is forbid
den absolutely. .
. :' V
Rapllnf Llfte Ton. 4
The power of living seed over tbe
Inert weight of tons of rock is very
forcibly illustrated by a little sapling
which is growing In Erstberg, Ger
many. The tree is flight enough to be
bent with the bands, but Is raising In
Its irresistible growth a mass of rock
weighing four tons. ,
Flrat Motor MUkeart.
To Eccles, an English town of 22,000
Inhabitants, belongs the honor of pos
sesslng the first motor milk cart. Its
"round" embraces an eighty-mile ra
dium, and this It can. cover In a day ol
seven hours. The work of three horeei
andrarts la saved.
A Perfect Machine at a
WITH ALL ATTACHMENTS.
yj 19.50 J
Why pay three times as much In order to secure a popular name? Whenyon
buy some machines yon pay 75 per cent for the name and 25 per cent for tbe ma
chine. We sll you a Sewing Machine that will sew, and charge you nothing for
the name. It you do not like the name "Independent," paint red over it and call
tbe machine what you will. We are doing the advertising, and it does not cost us
much. We buy the machines direct from one of the largest manufacturers In the
world at factobt cost, and we offar them to our subscribers at an exceptionally
low price, and all we want In addition is One Subscriber. Our "Independent"
Machine Is a thoroughly first-class Family Sewing Machine, and la retailed under
its original name at $65.00. Our arrangements with tbe manufacturers will not
allow us to use their name, but Instead we call it "Independent."
HIGH ARM, HIGH GRADE,
NOISELESS, LIGHT-RUN NING,
Awarded the Medal Premium at the World's Columbian Exposition at
Chicago In 1898. " '
"-. " : ' . ''.;:' .' "" - ' ' ' '
VEBY MAOHINE WABRANTBD.-A written warranty accompanies
m each Machine. All parts are interchangeable, and we can supply dupH
cates at any time. Each part of tbe Machine is fitted with such exact
ness that no trouble can arise with any part, as new pieces eaa be
supplied with the assurance of a perfect fit.
Our "Independent" is a strictly high-grade Sewing Machine, and finished
throughout in the best possible manner. It possesses all modern improve
ments, and its mechanical construction is such that in it are combined simplicity
with great strength, thus insuring ease of running, durability, and making it
impossible for tbe Machine to be pat out of order. It sows fast and makes a
perfect stitch with all kinds of thread and all classes of material. Always read
for use and unrivaled for speed, durability and quality of work.
Notice tbe following points of saperiority.
m II.. . t . 1, ....
laS UKAD BWIDKB UP pBWJin Buuaev uiugen, auu ia uiiuij uwi uwu
by a thumb screw. It is strong, substantial, neat and handsome in
design, and beautifully ornamented In gold. The bed plate has
rounded corners and is Inlaid or countersunk, making it flush with
the top of tbe table. Highest Arm The space under the arm is t
inches high and 0 inches long. TbiswUl admit tbe largest skirts,
even quilts. It is Self-Thbkadino Tlier are absolutely no boles
to put the thread through except the eye of the needle. The Shot
TLB is cylinder, open on the end, entirely self-threading, eaay to put
' in or take out; bobbin holds a large amount of thread. Tea 8titch
Kegumtor is on tbe bed of the Machine, beneath tbe bobbin winder,
and has a scale showing tbe number of stitches to the inch, oan be
cbangpd from 8 to 83 stitches to the inch. The Feed is doable and
extend on both sides of the needle; never fails to take the goods
through; never stops at seams; movement is positive; no springs to
break and get out of order; can be raised and lowered at will.
Automatic Bobhis Wikdeb An arrangement for filling the bobbin -automatically
and perfectly smooth without holding the thread.
The Machine does not run while winding tbe bobbin. Light Ron- .
kino The Machine is easy to run, does not fatigue tbe operator,
makes little noise and sews rapidly. Thb Stitch is a double-lock
stitch, the same on both sides, will not 'ravel, and can be changed , -without
stopping the Machine. Thic Txssios is a fla spring tansion
nnd will admit thread from 8 to 1 50 spool cotton without changing,
Never gets out of order. Thk Nekdlk is a straight, self-setting '
needle, fiat on one side, and cannot be pnt in wrong. Needli Das
is round, made of cane-hardened steel, with oil enp at bottom to
prevent oil from getting on the goods. Adjustable Beabihos All
bearings are caae-bardened steel and can be easily adjusted with a
screwdriver. All lost motion can be taken up, and the Machine will
last a life time. Attachments Each Machine la furniahed with the
foiiowiiig set of best steel Attachments fbee: One Foot Hammer
Feller, one Package of Needles, six Bobbins, one Wrench, one Screw
Driver, one Shuttle 8crew Driver, one Presser Foot, one Belt and
Hook, one Oil Can fined with oil, one Gauge, one Gangs Screw, one
Quitter, and one Instruction Book.
a. eo.oo ivr-vonxxarxa ron ttie.00.
' , FIRST Owr "Independent" jewing Machine as above described
and Nebraska Independent one year for $10 50. '
BECOSD-Oar "Independent" Sewing Machine given ae a pn
mi urn absolutely free of coat for aClnbofSO Sabeorlbere
at SI OO each. .
THIRD Oar "Independent" Sewing Machine for $14. OO oasa
and a Clnb of 25 Bubaoribers at $1.00 each.
FREIGHT PAID All machines shipped direet from factory at Chicago. Freight
, charges prepaid to any point in the United States on a railway, except to
points In Washington, California, Nevada, Oregon, Colorado, New Mexico,
Idaho, Utah, Montana. Arizona and Wyoming, to which states we will prepay
all freight charges for $3.00 additional.
Persons ordering Machines will please state plainly the point to which the Machine
is to be shipped, as well at the postofftce the paper Is to be sent to. Give ship
ping point as well as postofflce address, and both Machine and paper will he
promptly sent. s
tyADDBESS ALL OhDIM OB APPLY FOB LffORMATIOK TO
I N DEPENDENT PUBLI SH I NG CO.,
. . MACHINE
i ' ' ' . .
t,!HM-M la Hm.1. It n 11 J.m
ft- fj'Tr tf tj" Tj- g n'O'O fj'O O'D
Powered by Open ONI