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About The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 31, 1899)
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The Wealth Makers and Lincoln Independent Consolidated.
LINCOLN, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 31, 1899.
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X i. !, , .v.
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7 SILAS, A. HOLCOMB. OF CUSTER COUNTY. .
In fighting this great battle of reform, principles always come first and candi
dates afterwards. It is so much the better
embodiment of the principles. That will
coming campaign for the reform forces.
the cause of reform for many years. In
standard-bearer, and he has borne aloft
oast. "' ''
When the farmers first nndertook to
when we held our meetings in groves and
m.n. la.rori hn vnnld have anything
county tickets we had often to leave the
no lawyer would disgrace himself by allowing his name to appear on our ticket.
That was not the case with Silas A. Holcomb. He was with us from the first and
thought It no disgrace to be numbered among us. We were glad to have him then
and are gladder to have him now. Years ago he was our candidate for supreme
jndge, and had it not been for the antagonism of the Grover Cleveland democrats.
would bavs been elected. , - "
" Kext we selected him as our candidate for governor, and he was elected when
every other man on the ticket went down. He'made his campaign against the or
ganised corporate greed of the state and the united opposition of what was called
"the business men.", That was the first great victory that populism ever won in
these United States, and Holcomb was onrjeader in that campaign. He took his
seat at the state house when the Bartley republican crowd held every other office
there. Everything that was possible to be done to embarrass him and make bis
adminstration a failure was done by the other state officers. No governor ever
had a more unwelcome or a harder task to perform than that which fell to him.
He performed the duties of bis office so well, notwithstanding all the obstacles
thrown in his way that soon it became whispered about that "Holcomb was the
best governor that Nebraska ever had." .- His devotion to the intercuts of the
' state began to make an impression upon all the lair minded men everywhere, and
it was not long before the ' bnnlness men" saw the mistake they had made in op
posing his election and forthwith proceeded to make all the amends within their
power. "' - , ''
The few institutions of the state that came under hie control during his first
term were conducted with such care and ecocomy that their expenses were cut
down nearly one-half. He did that by close and constant attention to the every
day business of his office. He made the superintendents make a monthly report
of every institution and these reports he carefully scanned item by item. II any
item appeared to him to show extravagance an explanation was called for and the
necessity for the expenditure had to be made very plain.
Then the campaign of 1896 came on. What populist was not glad that we
had snch a man with such a record to head the ticket in the fiercest political bat
tle that was ever waged on the plains of Nebraska? He was not a great orator
who could entrance the waiting thousands like Bryan, he was not a politician who
could control voters by organization. He was simply Silas A. Holcomb the beet
governor that Nebraska ever had.
Who will ever forget that campaign of '96? Bryan came and went like a
fliehing meteor. Tens of thousands came and stood entranced as they listened to
the burning words of the greatest orator of the nineteenth century. Bat when the
votes were counted it was fonnd that Nebraska's governor had polled 14,000 more
votes than Bryanl
During his second term, aided by a full corps of reform state officers, Holcomb
continued to give the same careful and studious attention to the interests of the
state. Day after day and month after month; he was always found in his office.
The humblest working man received the same courtesy and bis business the same
attention as the richest and most powerful. He le't the office with a record that
has not the slightest blot upon it. While he was in the executive chair bs had
sen the expenses of the state reduced one-half, the 11,500,000 of u .constitution
indebtedness with which the republican party had burdened the state, greatly re
duced, the credit of the state brought to the highest point of any state in the
' whole Union and the disbursements to public schools almost doubled.
- For tbe position for which he is now a caadldate be is most eminently fitted.
He has the judicial oast of mind. Even In the smallest affairs of state when be
was governor, this was apparent. He must examine all the evidence. Then he
must take it nnder advisement. After all that he came to a decision. This was
oftea irritating to those who were in a hurry, But it is ths characteristic of the
just and careful Judge. His services upon the supreme bench will give to the court
standing and dignity. There will be no more of the political aid corporate de
cisions which have brought that oourt into disgrace.
Bat after all, the great question before the people la not the candidates. It is
' the principles that they represent. Every thinking man has observed with regret,
the tendencies of the courts In these later years to construe the law in favor of the
corporations and the wealthy. That tendency must be reversed if this republic la
to endure. The Judicial branch of the government baa been gradually encroaching
upon the legislative aad executive departments. There is ten time more Judge
made law today in force than was ever esncted by legislatures. And this Judge
mads law is all in favor of Dlntocracv. ' The imat Interest in this election is to
bring the judicial branch of ths government into harmony with modern ideas of
justice. It is the only branch of the government left in control of the republicans
By the use of Injunctions and supreme court decrees, all reform can be to a great
extent nullified. Pot another man on ths bench with Judge Sullivan and ths law
will not hereafter be construed always in favor of the corporations. The' reform
forces will put a man there this tall whoeesympathlee are with the common people.
Then Nebeaaka will bs fully redeemed from
when the candidate Is in nimsell an
be the happy condition of affairs in the
Silas A. Holcomb has been a fighter in
the very beginning of it we made him ou '
our colors in all the hot contests of Jtho
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organize the reform forces in this state
on the street corners, there were not
'to do with us. In nominating our
place for county attorney vacant because
republican rule. " ' j . .. ,
WHO'LL HAUL IT DOWN?
HcKlnlev Bribes Slave Drivers. Folyga.
niliu and Keepers of Coneublaee to
HoUt tlx Flag of the rree. -
The most ridiculous thing that has
ever;been done by a civilized govern
ment has been done by this govern
ment by the orders of McKinley. He first
bought the Philippines of Spain for f 20,
000,000 and when the goods were not
delivered be raised an army of 50,000
to go and take forcible possession. That
plan not panning out to his satisfaction
he has made a treaty with a lot of Mo
hammedan chiefs and agiees to pay them
a certain monthly salary to keep the
United States flag floating. What Idiotic
thing he will do next no man can tell.
The following is the treaty that he
has made with the chiefs of many wives.
It will be noticed that the right to a
plurality of wives is carefully provided
for by the chiefs in article 6. The relig
ion of these chiefs is Mohammedism and
the most Insisted on part of that religion
is the right to have a lot of wives and as
many concubines as the chief can take
care of. The following is a copy of the
treaty made with the Sultan of Sulu and
other chiefs of tha part of the archipel
ago. . ' - vV. '
1. The sovereignty of the United States
over the entire Sulu archipelago is ac
2. The American flag is adopted as
the flag of the sultan.
8. The United States government
may occupy and control such points in
the archipelago as the public interest de
mand, except territory immediately sur
roouding the sultan's grounds, unless
such occupation shall be a military ne
cessity due to the exigencies of war with
a foreign power. -
4. In case, due compensation be made,
any person shall be permitted to pur
chase land in the archipelago by obtain
ing the consent of the sultan. ' Such pur
chase may be registered at the proper
American offices established for that
5. The rights and dignities of the sul
tan and datos (chiefs) are to be fully re
6. Tne Moros are not to do interfered
with on account of their religion. All re
ligious customs are to be respected and
no one is to be persecuted on account of
bis religion. ;
7 Ail trade in domestic, products of
the archipelago when carried on by the
sultan or the Moro people under the flag
ol the United States s to be tree, unlim
ited and nndutiable.
8. The sultan is allowed to communi
cate directly with the governor general
of the Philippines in making complaint
against the commanding officers repre
senting American authority at Jolo, the
principal town or against any naval
9. The introduction of firearms into
the archipelago U forbidden except on
permission of the governor general.
10. ibe .sultan agrees to suppress
piracy. v. ,
11. The sultan will try all cases arising
of Moros against Moros, the convicted
men being dvlivered to the Americans for
IU. Any slave in tne. arcnipeiago is
given the right to purchase hi freedom
by paying bis owner tbe sum of 20.
13 Whenever trouble arises between
Americans and the sultan the former
mnst fully Investigate the matter before
resorting to harsh measures.
14. For tbe present any American or
foreigner wishing to travel in the interior
of any of tbe islands must obtain an es
cort of Moron for bis protection.
15. Tbe United States will protect tbe
sultan in the event of any foreign nation
attempting any imposition upon him.
16. 1 he United Urates munt not sell
tbe archipelago to any foreign power
without the consent of she sultan.
17. For governing his subjects and
preservidg peace tbe sultan is to receive
a monthly salary of 250 (Mexican).
Tbe three chief datos will receive $75
(Mexican) monthly. Three other datos
will receive 160 (Mexican) monthly. The
sultau's secretary will receive a monthly
salary of 50 (Mexican). Rajah Mnra
will receive f 40 (Mexican) and eril Ba
gnio $15 (Mexican) monthly.
McKinhv Is trying tbe "man on horse
back" act but he makes himself so utter
ly ridiculous that people only laugh. He
started a war in direct violation of the
conetitution,for the constitution declares
that congress shall declare war and
makepeace, and now he overrides an
other provision of that ones sacred in
strument. This treaty with the sultan
of Snlu recognises chattel slavery.
The veterans of tbe eivil war fought
into tbe constitution and placed there as
a seal to all their bloody fighting these
Neither slavery nor lnvolaatarr
servitude, except as a punishment for
crime, whereof the partr shall have
been duly convicted, shall exist In the
united states or any place subject to
Let the old Abe Lincoln republicans,
the John Brown men who used to sing
"His soul is marching on," and tbe vet
erans of '61 read article twelve of the
abone treaty and tell ns what they think
of McKinley now.
Tbe American flag once more floats
over the chattel slave!
Who will haul It down?
President McKinley plays golf and
Attorney General Origgs goes fishing
while Captain Carter lives in luxury In
New York, ereure In belief that he will
never, be sentenced for his wholesale
robbery, St. Angustits Chronicle.
TO ANSWER BRYAN
The Attempt was Made by a Raah Kmmm
How It Ended la Denouncing the
OrlKlu or the Republican Party
The McKinley followers have, been
driven Into trying to reply to the at
tacks made upon their theories. For
twenty years they have refused to dis
cus)) publio questions on the rostrum
but have relied upon' the bloody shirt or
catch phrases and cries of anarchist and
socialist. Tbe time has come when they
must attempt to meet ns with argu
ments. The other day Mr. Bryan made
a speech in Bland's old district and it
became apparent that some sort of a
reply must be made. Soythe Mark Hen
na managers Imported an orator from
Kansas by the name of J .1 Ralph Burton.
He U unknown to fame and parts bis
name in the mlddl?, but he must have
some local reputation or such a task
would not have been assigned him. He
began his speech as follows: T
"Mr, Bryan comes fresh from the
three state conventions in Nebraska,
the democratic, populist and silver re
publican conventions to nominate state
officers He told how bis party had
ioiued with tbe populists to elect Sena
tor Allen from that state, and how he
bad recently used the influence with the
democrats and the democratic nominee
for contrress in the Sixth Nebraska dis
trict and induced the nominee to with
draw in behalf of tbe populist.
"He mentioned a few thinirs wherein
be claimed that populists and democrats
agree, such as arbitration, government
by injunction and income tax, and failed
to notice any difference between the par
ties. I answer that if Mr. Bryan is
rlaht there is need for only one party to
exist, unless the purpose is to masquer
ade under two different names to catch
votes. Indeed, what else did Mr. Bryan
mean when be said: 'Let us travel to
gether whenever we can and separate
onl v when we have to -
"1 do not know how the people of
Missouri may look at it, but as for my
self I believe fusion to be the most de
grading and corrupting agency that haa
ever entered polities in this country.
fVnkor whn. hv the kit. is the OnlV
hope of tbe democratic party fn New
York, holds bis place by corruption,
open and notorious. Yet all tbe Crokers
and Tweeds that Tammany baa pro
duced have not corrupted tbe public
conscience and polluted the franchise a
thonsanth part as much as fusion haa
done. '"vuv'-.: ." v.-
'Kusion, while its real purpose is con
cealed. is unadulterated hypocrisy.
honor a democrat who believes in his
party, I have respect for a populist
who is honest in his faith and I admire a
republican who believes In republican
principles. But when I And a populist,
a democrat or a republican who. disre
garding principles, is willing to prosti
tute bis party for tne ease oi omce, i
despise bim as I would despise any man
who would trifle with the most holy
right ot freedom the ballot."
This is a strange assertion for a mem
ber of tbe republican party to make.
That party bad its oiigin in fusion. Not
less than four political parties, each ' of
which had run candidates for the presi
dency, united in tbe election ot Abraham
Lincoln and fully fused on all the tickets.
The truth is that every great advance
which has been made toward freedom
and better government has come about
by f usion. His is simply tbe cry of tbe
political boss the cry that has made
American politics the stench pot of the
world. In tbe language of the ward
politician it is the old cry "vote 'er
straight" V . .
The populist party , has done great
things since it came upen tbe stage of
action. When it was proposed it was
thought Impossible for It to amount to
anything. All its successes have been in
fusion. ;In tbe beginning we fused the
democrats and republicans together in a
way to make their demands beard, We
took in republicans, democrats, prohibi
tionists e very sort and kind that could
be made to fuse with us and by that we
When a republican forgets the origin
of hia party so completely as to de
nounce the very thing that made his
party possible, be must bave hard sled
ding indeed. The cry in 1856 and 1860
was the seme cry of the populists of
today: "Unite against the extension of
slavery." Tbe burden of the speeches in
those days, and some of us can still re
member them, was: . "Unite! Unite!
Unite!" In ths fusion that resulted the
republican party was born. Now here
comes a degenerate son of a noble band
ot patriots and says that tbe thing that
made tbe republican party is "unadnl-
a . ne. a a a a
teratea sypocrtsy. u ne nad made a
speech of that kind in a republican
meeting in 1800 he would bave been
hooted off the platform.
"From all that eould be fairly gath
ered from Mr. Uryan's speech y ester
oay, uuriou continued, "be attributed
our prosperity wholly to the discovery
of gold la Alaeka. helped a little bv a
famine In India. He eannot see that the
eorn crop of bis own state will give tbe
people ol that stats more money than
the Klondike will furnish to tbe world In
Ore years; that tbe egae In this conotr
give ns more money than the Klondike.'
That attempt at economio discussion
Is more laugable than tbe denunciation
of the causes that led to the formation
ot his own party. He does not seem to
know that no matter how many million
bushels of corn are raised or how many
million eggs the hens may lay, and that
all the rest of the productions of this
great productive country does not add
one dollar to the amount ol money in
circulation, but that every 22 8-10
grains of gold that comes in from ths
Klondike or from anywhere else adds
dollar to the amount ol money. He
does not know poor fellow that ; tre
mendous productions of corn and eggs
tends always to lower prices instead of
raising them, while the addition of gold
has' a tendency to raise prices instead ot
lowering them.' .;' ' v- 7:.:-r-:.
Mr. J. Ralph Burton Is to be com.
mended for maklug an effort "to arfhwer
Brvan." This Is about the first time
anv republican ever undertook to do it.
No doubt h did the best be eould.
News of the Week
The thing that the people of this state
have been most interested in during tbe
week was the return of the First Ne
braska. , There were constant delays
from the time they left tbe coast and
they arrived a day .late. The citizens of
Lincoln decorated the whole to a n and
people came pouring in from the country
distriots early In the morning. The
streets were crowded all day and hun
dreds wandered up and down, aimlessly
waltimr for news. Dispatches were re
ceived frequently telling, of the move
ment of the three trains that were bring
ing the boys. Finally it was announced
that they would be here at 7 p. m .
Long before that hour people began
to assemble along the i railroad tracks
and around the depot At 8:10 the big
whistles began ' to blow and tbe whole
city knew that the boys would arrive in
half an hour. Then the people poured
out of their houses- and tbe streets in
everv direction were filled with men and
women and children all speeding as last
as possible toward the B. & M. depot,
In a tew minutes many thousands were
gathered there. Every steam whistle in
the city was blowing its very loudest
and the boys with horns aided to the
best of their ability. Thousands of fire
crackers, many of the cannon variety
were exploded along the streets.
squad of returned soldiers took the can
non from the state house grounds,
placed it on the viaduct and fired away
at frequent intervals. There was a roar
of noise in all ths western part of the
city and the smoke hung thick, as over
a battlefield. '
Hundreds of yards beyond tbe depot
the first section of the train encountered
multitude ot people.' and stopped.
Then a squad ot railroad men with lan
terns tooketatiotfln front of the engine,
and the train piloted by them, crawled
slowly into the depot grounds. As the
cars moved slowly along, men and boys,
and some women climbed on, so that
tbs tops of the cars and the platforms
were covered with people. All the time
there was tbs roar ot the cannon, the
shouts, shrieks and yells of the people,
the bursting of tbe big fire cracke re, tbe
blowing of - horns altogether making
such a volume of noise as was never
heard on the streets ol Lincoln before.
Thht was the reception that the pepple
gave the boys ot the First Nebraska.
As soon as the train came to a bait a
great many ot tbe soldiers aligbte d and
pressed through the crowd in search of
friends. The greeting between fathers,
mothers and sons, between husbands
and wives and wbot was said is not for
the printed page. Two women In black
stood silently looking at tbe scene.
They said not a word did not even
speak to each other bnt now and then
band was raised to wipe away a tear.
At last one of them said: "Let us go."
and walked silently away. A manstand-
ingnear remarked bitterly: "I wouldn't
stive the boy tbey lost for the whole
dd Philippine outfit."
The men while they tried to cheer in
return for the honors poured upon them,
looked tired and weary. One of them
said: "It baa been this way ever isince
weetruektbe coast Of course we are
grateful for thle evidenoe that the peo
ple appreciate the services of the regi
ment, bat a man can't keep np thle sort
ot thing for such a long time without
getting worn ont. I want now above all
things, to get home and have a spell of
A large number of the boye got off be-
tor. tbe train, reached Lincoln and went
direct to their home towns, every one of
wulch nad prepared elaborate receptions a severe pnysicai ana mental examiaa
lor them. About 600, so it waaeaid, tlon. " -
went to Omaha to the reception there
where the people will be expected to go
to tbe exposition grounds , and pay 60
cents to see them. That seemed to the
writer to be an over estimate, but there
was no means of ascertaining the truth
about the matter. '
Adjutant General Barry and Colone1
Stark came on the train with the boys.
Senator Thurston rode in his magnifi
cent private car in the rear ot thr first "
In tbe fight that has been going on
between Omaha and the towns from
which the boys enlisted the former try
inff to get the whole regiment to go to
Omaha and the latter wanting the boys
to get off the trains at the places at
which they enlisted as they passed
through the state Governor toynter
has taken no part The protests that
bave been sent to him by the towns
bave all bfen forwarded to the regiment
without comment. He however insisted
that each soldier should have a ticket
for himself to his home town and left
each to decide for himself where he would
go. Upon the invitation of the author,
ities in Omaha, he took his staff and left
Lincoln on the 4:25 train Wednesday
morning to participate in the reception
to be given there, i ...
Colonel Mulford did not return with '
tbe regiment and the boys wertin charge
of Lieutenant Colonel Eager. Colonel
Eager went on with those who concluded
to go to Omaha as he had charge ot all
tbe baggage and bis' duty called bim
there. This edition of the Independent
will have to goto press before any re
port can be made ol the farther honors
that will be showered . upon the boye at
the metropolis. .
Tuesday morning among the batch of
telegrams that were handed to Govern
or Foynter as soon as be arose from his -bed
as ' one from Adjutant-General
Barry informing him that the first eee
tion had left Denver at 9 o'clock : 'aad
that Senator John M. Thurston's pri
vate car was hitched onto the rear of
this train. The governor at once tai
tbe railroad people by, what authority
the state's train was being trailedby m '
private ear, and demanded that no
private cars be allowed on these eoUfrr
trains, which were paid for by the peo
ple of the state ot Nebraska for tbe nse
of the returning soldier, and them alone. -The
railroad people at this end of the
line were without information as to who
had given orders for this - special oat at
tachment or who had preeamed to aQr
that tbe soldiers train should be H0l
for the transportation of private can.
The governor was emphatic in hia de
mand that the car or any pther not be
longing to the train be detached at the
first convenient siding, and tbe promise
was made that it should be done. Not
withstanding this vigorous protest from
Governor Poynter, Tharston's private
car came through attached to the first
section at tbe expense of the state.
THE POPS SERVED NOTICE
Dr. Roberts tbe director of tbe mint, .
was asked tbe results of the democratic
stats convention in Iowa. Mr. Roberta
Is a republican leader of the state. He
said: ' s. ; .
"The Iowa democratic state conven-"
tlou has tbe illustrated dilemma of the
party everywhere. Tbe - conservative
wing oi the party wished to nominate
Cato Selle tor governor. He was a
United 8tatee district attorney in 1896,
and was opposed to committing tne
party to 16 to 1, but after Bryan was
nominated be kept bis record straight
by supporting the ticket The conserva
tives simply asked lor sells andsllenee
upon the ratio. He might have been
nominated but the populists served
notice that there could be no fusion on
him, so Sails withdrew hie name.
'The democratic party in the went
dare not allow tbe populists to draw
ont of tbe anion that bas been main
tained since 1896. Tbey don't know
what they would bave left The fact la
that there Is bound to be a political
party representing Bryaniem and tbe
Chicago platform. There are people
enough in tne country holding those
views to maintain a party, u tbey
should lose control ot tbe demoeratie
organization, which is not probable,
they would promptly appear with an
other organisation. That is the finality
which all anti-Bryan movements within
the democratic party must lace. Na
ONE NEGRO REGIMENT
, The field and medical officers ol the
48th regiment will be white, but the
company officers will all be negroes.
These men i will be eelected from among
J Spin and will be appointed only altar
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