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About The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 24, 1899)
Aug 24. 1S99
THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT.
Did it ever occur to you that if all
the people who are blind to their
own interest were gathered in one in
stitution it would form the largest
blind asylum in the world?
Now don't be blind to your own in
terest. Our new catalogue for Fall
!c rporlw anrl vnn'll act one if vou
A j w
k drop us a postal.
added this season manes 11 an ex
ceedingly interesting book. ,
PLEASE MENTION-TIIE INDEPENDENT
p Hardy's Column.
More Bloody Dewey's Opinion
Bryan's , Decision Home Work
Oar City Dads Apple Orchard. .
When the Filipino battles are fought
outside ot the range of the American gun
boats we may see bloody battles. ,
Dewey in bin Eaglish interview thinks
the Filipinos are capable of self govern
tnent, and the only way to settle tbe
war and insure prosperity is lor us to
concede 11 io mem.
Bryan has decided to fight in Ne
braska this fall and let Kentuckey, Illi
nois and New York tight their own bat
tles, v ' '
We believe in home rale and home
labor. Lincoln men to do Liocolo work
or at least an opportunity to do it. Tbe
asphalt paver brought omana men wito
him to do tbe work. It seems that Lin
coln brick makers ought to makeonr
brick and Lincoln men ought to pat
them down. Lincoln first and Omaba
a while afterwards should be our motto
Tbe great stndy of our city dads just
' now, is how to get more money out of
he people. Property is taxed about to
-e limit. There are hundreds of city
lots that are not worth tbe tax s
V against, them. No one has yet manifest
any great anxiety for reducing city ex
penses. It in proposed to tax every
- person occupied in addition to tbe pres
ent high tax on his property. Every
office holder, teacher, preacher, doctor,
lawyer, carpenter, blacksmith and bar
ber as well as the merchants eh u Id be
taxed. The better way to cnt down ex
pensps. There is no need of there law
yearn, one is enough. There is no need
of three or four men on tbe roost day
and night, at the police station, one is
enough. A few willing policemen with
order to enforce all tbe laws and ordi
nances are better than a thousand dili.
tory and handicapped. The fire chief
can ride on horseback at army officers
do, and sxve the expense ot a driver.
The number of flr men could be reduced
and thir places substituted with hour
men. Leave enough at each station to
tart the machines and the hour men
could fall in on the way to the fire. One
man at the F ftreet pumping station is
enoiiith to blow the big whistle. Two-
third of the men in the: city offices,
working ten hours a day would do tbe
work in good style. -
Next to garden, chicken pen and
apiary, comes tbe fruit orchard. Mn
have sold their northern twenty-five
dollar farms and gone to Florida or
' California and paid five hundred an acre
for an orange farm while at the name
time there was more money and fruit on
tneir norrnern tarm 11 carea tor in me
same. No animal from woodpecker to
bog will eat an orange and they are nor,
- u ..t 1:1 ..! . t
w i ll ier nn-nTB lino Blipier, luru mej am
..... . .
. -. . . l
.LI . . . I I . .1 1 .
in ueer tor Buuies ana uito in nu
danger of it being too rich.. An aban
doned orchard makes tbe best orchard
ground. W should never crop an or
- chard. Cultivate tbe ground thoroughly
' the flint four or five years and let. all the
strength uo to tbe trees and after that
make a hog pasture of it. Fort? apple
tree to the acre are a plenty, Cherries,
plums and peaches can he m xed iu for
they will, all be out of the way before
apples come to bearing. Don't bill up
your trees or allow stickers to grow up
around the roots. To start with, lean
tbflree a little to the sooth. The wind
will soon straighten them up; the body
of the tree I ihns protected from sun
scald. Don't trim your trees too hih,
let them spread near the ground. Don't
select the o'd popular eastern varieties
for hot few of them do well here. Talk
with orchard men about varieties.
Philadelphia, Ph., Ang. 17. Tha
greater pure of this morning's eeeeion of
the United Garment Workers of North
America w taken up in a long debate
over a retiointlon condemning the war
In the-Thili'iiitie and asking the prel
dent ot the Uitl'ed Starts to stop It at
Otto. The reolulon was Anally adopt
ed and it will be sent to tbe president.
M.ney to Lend
Ones til", horeew. corn. at low rate ot
la(fvat. M. H. Christy 1127 0 street.
Take the l.nc.i muk.it I year, $1.00
ws mm f J
An officer of the regular army writing
toa Chicago paper describes tbe devotions
of tbe savages oftho Philippine islands
in tbe following words:
Sunday morning had to be ushered in
with mass a tbe church. The service
was beautiful. Tbe music was beautiful.
Tbe band has several violins, two violas,
a 'cello, clarinets and other instruments,
and there was a large choir of men and
boys, whose voices were untrained but
harmonious. There are no seats in the
church and tbe hundreds of worshippers
knelt on tbe stone floor and took part
in tbe service so sincerely and with snsb
interest, so devoutly for it was devo
tion unmistakable that one could not
fail to tbink it beautiful, whatever creed
or religion it might represent. The
room is enormous, with huge pillars ris
ing to support the roof. Entiiely cover
ing tbe floor knelt these hundreds yes,
some thousand? of simple people, in
tent upon the service, as silent as possi
ble, except, for tbe chanting voice of tbe
priest; and as the orebestra burst forth
and the choir joined with true harmony
in some sacred melody, no man with a
grain of sentiment but would have been
deeply impressed by the scene. Do you
ever have that queer lump in your
throatwben you listen to tbe organ and
a boy cboir in one of our big churches at
home? Well, that's tbe way 1 felt.
- Censored dispatches from the Philip
pines, which come through tbe generous
permission of General Otis give little
idea of the sufferings which are endured
by tbe Lotted States soldiers in a trop
Once in a while an uncensored letter
from correspondents in tbe field gets In
to print and then tbe dreadful trnth be
gins to appear. A correspondent writ'
ing from tbe front describes as follows
t he sufferings of soldiers during Lnt.nn'a
"Even the Morong march, with Gen.
Hall, did not eqaal those terrible hours
. . i j . i i . i n
uu iu utaerii oenina rarannaue. The
soldiers were nearly dead from heat and
exhaustion. Six men lying undr a tree
were urea on by tbe insurgents, but they
hadn't enertrv ennncrh hiumb nuntuniinn
"Long linns of men were exposed for
over i wo nours out in tbe open, when
tbe beat must have been as high as 120
degrees. Every inch of shade afforded by
the slightest shrub ws packed with men
Scores of soldiers ' were stretched out
itasping for water, while comrades scarce
better off were fanning them. When at
last the march was resumed at noon, the
lines were crowded with tottering, d zzy
soldiers, who were flghtinir off complete
prostration in tbe hope f finally reach
ing i he distant shade near Parana que."
Such accounts as these AP tirif wwn
with any degree of frequency in the press
rvpune trora toe rnuippines. Every tning
One allows to puss rings with stories ot
victorv. and the record of rintinl tffp.
ing is firmly erased by tbe censor. Chi
KEYA PAHA POPULISTS
The populists of Keya Paha county
held an enthusiastic county convention
and passed tbe following resolutions:
B it resolved. That we, the populists
of Keya Paha county in conventi w as
sembled, with earnestness endorse every
demand of tbe Omaha and tit. Louis
platforms and urge the necessity ol
wresting this government from the great
teusts acd combinations of capital now
Reolved, Thi t we endorse tbe fearleea
administration of our chief executive, W.
A i'oynter, and his able associates at
the elate hone.
R-nolved. That we deplore tbe defeat
ol our great Senator Allen, and denounce
the men and means used in our own par
ty that in any manner lurtbered and as
sisted in it.
Reeoived, That we deplore the tenden
cy of the reform forces to fall back into
the pr ait lets of the old ptrties of'per
mittii.g professional m-n and politicians
to dictate thenortiiuation of professional
men to legislative positions. We believe
that th olu Alliance whs riuht when it
demand-d that leeislativs rtoeitiot.s
should tie larirely fliled by men from tbe
comnmn wslks of li e.
Resolved, That we bespeak for this
convention an iqnltabln distribution of
Ihe plncv at Its disposal, and the nr.
moat, harmony of action throughout tbe
Pll TC Cr1 PSr ftaaront tmmn Sf
M 0 t UnVsTBMMKNr MOM Us).
Uu t,rUoj; m salsei M tmeS
fall tnrtlialrs 4.hmiIi f p
AXTl-fllX W, I4 lsUe T K sL C.
Onr boys are borne w tb ui again,
Oar noble 'soys in blue,
tid lovlnjt friends on every side,
Eitend a welcome warm and true.
A year ego we eald goodbye.
And bane you Qodspes'l o'er the foam.
While many an earmwt prayer went up
From lovtug, anxious heuru tt bume.
And when the word came o'er the seas
That you bad reictied Mauila Buy.
Kaon morn a nation knell and prayed:
'Uh, Father, Wtep our boye today,"
And when the long day's toll was o'er,;
And earth waa bained In starry light,
Again we knelt and humbly prayed:
' Uli, Father, keep our boya tonight.:
Onr prayere were with you when von Yaced
J n ne. y enower or abot and shell,
When fighting bravely at tbe front
Your gallant leader fell.
ay oar mother state be prowl?
fier nohle. loyal son.
And hlatnry praise iu glowing tor
Tbe men wm bote .Nebra.-ke gn
Your praiaea ring on every aide.
Today o'er land and set.
Fame crowns your p word a with laurels
I.Ike tltoee of (iraut and i er, -x
We welcome you with pride and Joy
Home to your mother's fond embrace,
Your father's baud-claup eiater'e kiaa,
Yonr sweetheart') bright and blushing face
But while our hearts wl'b pleasure thrill.
In welcoming our soUliers borne,
Let each one breathe In silent love. ' .
A prayer for those who did not come. ,
Onr boys who sleep In stranger lands.
Or rest beneath the ocean's wave
Oave up tbelr lives In Duty's cause.
a nJ each deserves soldier's grave. '
To you their comrades whose love cheered
Those hours when tell Death's shadows gray,
A debt of gratitude we owe.
Which words of ours can never pay.
May the sweet whlte-wlnged anuel Peace,
Protect our boys thro' ye irs to come
And at the final mnstering-ont
Oar Father bid them We come Home."
HOW ABOUT THIS?
"That tbe maintenance of tbe princi
ples promu'gated in the Declaration ot
Independence and embodied in the Fed
eral constitution 'that all men are crea
ted equal, that the are endowed bv tbe
Creator with certain inalienable riirhte:
that among these are life, liberty and
the pursuit of happiness; that to se
cure these rights, governments are in
stituted among men, deriving their just
powers from tbe consent of the governed
is essential to the preservation of our re
publican institutions ' "Republican Na
tional riat'orm, loou.
"This convention declares itself in
sympathy with all oppressed people who
are struggling for their rights " Repub
lican national natrorm, laos.
"The National Government should
seek to maintain honorable peace with
all nations, protecting its citie-os every
where, and sympathizing with all people
who strive for greater hbrtv." Repub
lican National Platform, 1872.
The Examiner publishes the statement
of one Captain Wells, in which the mili
tary gentleman strenuously denies that
that there has been any -cruelty prac
ticed upon tbe Filipinos, but frankly ad
mits that tbe officers and tr lops have
engaged in wholesale looting and d
t ruction of private property the officers
appropriating horses and carriages and
tbe like, and the privates after stripping
the bouses of everything portable,
'breaking furniture, smashing mirrors,
crockery, pianos and sideboards." As
tbe war itself is nothing but highway
robbery on a grand scale, it is not to be
wondered at that the young fellows-
most of them boys whosee faces never
felt a reEor should fall intor.be lawless
spirit of tbe affair and destroy and steal
on their own hook. Rut tbe striking
thing in Captain Welle statement is tbe
sidelight unconsciously thrown upon the
status of tbe Filipinos themselves. Here
the Examiner, in common with all the
restof the millionaire bossed press, has
been representing these people as half-
naked savages, who are not fit to be
trusted to govern themselves. They
have been pictured as semi barbarians,
runniug aoout tnetr native wiirig in un
dress, armed with bows and arrows, and
not much io advance of African negroes.
And yet onr soldiers find the dwellings
ol these eavaites adorned with handsome
furniture, costly mirrors, elegant chiua,
aud expensive pianos all of which are
smashed, presumably in order to give
these savage a first. lesson in civilix ttfon
and the blessings of uood government.
1 he very officer whom the Examiner
quotes in its effort to defend the abuses
heaped on this unhappy people, uncon
sciously gives the lie to the only argu
ment tbe imperialist robtiers have ad
vanced to excuse their agression that Is
toeay, that the Filipinos are an uncivil
iid race, iucapahleof self government
It is evident that these people are as
civilifd as we ar: that the.v live in com
fort, and even in luxury: that thev are
acquainted with all end a ail the p-
pnanos of modern civil ivion. When
ibis has been made clear, how nauseat
ing and damnable becomes the cant of
t he scribblers and preachers and Doliti-
clans who rant about onr fluty to carry
tne uieeeiDES or civi'ixllon to these
savages" on the pointer of bayonets.
How atrocious benomea the blaohemv
of the clerical animal of fhe Matthews-
IJrmy stripe, who accuses the Lord
Jesus Christ of being behind the ha von t
that stabs these int.ffensiv people! How
disaustiog becomes the dull abuse of the
cheap seusa'ion-scribhler who can And
no other arnument in favor of his bid
cause than the eillv one nf shneking
coppperhead" at those who would re.
cue the nation from the shame ami In
(amy of an unholy war against a weak
and innocent people Tru'y, in these
days, we heveeximples enough to iusti-
fy rough old Siiti Johnson' definition of
patriotism s the last refuge of a scoun-
AN INCOME TAX.
The IneqnailtlM nf Tetatloa Can Never
Adjutd Cam it is 4.dopt.
Is there any just rule for determining
the proportion In which citif-ne sbou'd
contribute to tbe support of tbe Govern
Adam Smith eoggeeta a rule which
most commend itself to every fair-minded
person. Ilesays: "The subjects of
every state ought to contribute to the
support of the Government as nearly as
possible in proportion to their respective
ability; that is, in proportion to tbe
revenue which they respectively enjoy
underf tbe protection of the State. In
the observation or neglect ot this rule
consists what is called the equality or
Inequality ot taxation." Iu other words,
a direct taxation upon incomes is tbe
fairest tax that can be suggested. All
taxes are really income taxes, because
all taxes are paid out ot Income, but an
indirect tax may work great injustice,
because its operation is concealed from
the public view.
Local taxation in city, county and
state is usually proportioned to tbe
property of the eitiz n:. but instead oi
being entirely equitable, a' property tax
is often colltcted almost entirely from
visible property, leaying the Invisible
property free. Those' who ;own real
estate, horses, cattle, hogs, machines
and household goods cannot evade the
assessor, but those whoso wealth oou
Blsts largely of money ad evidences ol
indebted ties too frequently escape.
Where visible property is taxed and tbe
tbe invisible property escapes; the pos
sessors of visible propert v Ire overtaxed.
in order to make up for the evasion of
those wno possess invisible property.
due eveu wnen a property tax is nou
est ly collected upon all forms of Droo
erty, real and personal, it is nor as fair
a tax as an Income tax. Property may
be temporarily unproductive. If a farm
er pays taxes on bis land the tax goes
on, even thouub tbe crops may fail. If
a money lender pays a tax upon bis
money bin security may fail, or there
may be default in the payment ot' the
interest, while an income tax adjusts
itself to the condition of the taxpayer.
being largt when tbe Income is larger
ano smau wnen ma income is small.
Then, too, a property tax does not
reach those who enjoy a considerable
income under tbe protection of tbe gov
ernment and yet consume the income
without investing in real or personal
property. The income tax reaches all.
While our IochI taxes are not collected
with absolute justice, we make a nearer
approach to justice in locil taxation
than we do in th collection of our Fed
eral revenue. Until tbe beginning of the
Spanish war almost allot tbe revenue
collected for the support of tbe Federal
Government came from two sources
namely, Internal revenue taxes aud im
port duties. Internal revenue taxes,
being collected on liquor and tobacco,
are not collected from the people in pro
portion lo their incomes, but in propor
tion to the liquor aud tobacco they con
sume, and as tbe consumption of liquor
and tobacco does not increase according
to income, tbe taxes collected through
this system are in effect graded income
taxes, the largest percent being, on the
average collected from tbe smallest
incomes, and the smallest per cent from
tbe largest income. Import duties col
lected on consumption are also in effect
graded income taxes, bearing heaviest
npon those with suallest iucomes. It
must be evident to tbe most casual ob
server that tbe burdens of the Federal
Government, instead, of being borne ac
cording to tbe rnle laid dowu by Adam
Smith, are too beav.v upon tbe poor and
too light upon the rich. Tne income tax
provided by tbe Wilson bill was intended
as a partial compensation for tbe Injus
tice done by the other systems. Tne 2
per cent assessed upon individual incomes
above 4 Ui, while not sufficient to
bring tbe rich up to an equality with the
poor in taxation, was a step in tbe right
direction. Much Mult was found with
the exemption laid upon the possessors
of small incomes by revenue taxes and
import duties, it would be manifestly
unjust to continue tbe im quality by
making them pay a per cent equal to
that collected from the possessors of
The 2 per cent tax upon the net income
of corporaione was defended upon the
tbe ground that tbe corporation enjoys
siieciai privileges provided in that law.
Many who did not understand theiva
son lor tbe exemption prritented against
it and insisted that the '2 er cnt should
apply to all incomes large and small.
But since excessive burdens are conferred
by law and occupies much of the time
of the Ffdersl Legislature, the Federal
E-cutive and thefr' curt. Just
prior to tbe passage of the WiIboh bill I
obtained, through the courtesy of Secre
tary Gresbam, statistics from a number
of Eurpan govern men ts.
1 touiid that In Prussia the income tax
had been in operation for twenty years.
and that incomes under 900 marks were
exempt, while tbe tax raugd from lees
than 1 percent to about 4 per cent on
lu Austria the income tax bad been in
op-ration about thirty years. Incomes
Under fllS were exempt, while tbe rate
ranged Irons H per o nr. np to 'JO p-r rnt
on Inrger inconiee. 1 found that io Italf
liiCnilir Qudnf $77 20 arm exempt, while
tne rate ran as high as IS percent on
some incomes. In tbe Netherlands tbe
Income tax had beeo in operation since
is2d At that time investigation was
maiie iucomes under $200 were exempt.
and the tax ramced from 3 percent to
8 1 R per o-nt on incomes over that. sum.
In Zurich, Hwitfrland the income tax
had been in oiieration for more than half
century. At the time in ventilation
was made incomes under tltlU were ex
empt, and the rate on larger Incomes
varied from 1 per cent t 8 sr cent It
buiiland the rate for lhUi was a little
more then 3 per cent iihmi income
above f'2,iH)i. and a little less upon In
conwe udf $2,00. All income under
$7"i0 were exempt.
For nearly ten years during and after
the civil w iran income tax ranging trom
per c-nt m 10 percent wan ColhCted
in this country exemptions ranged from
(1(I0 to f 2 0"O. ,
Oniiatur John flhermBn ' of Ohio, was
opposed to the repeal ol these taxes, and
In the course ol a siieech said: "The
Senator from Few York and theftena'or
llrom M tesachnsette have led off la de
claring against the Income tax. They
have declared it to be inviduon. Well,
sir, all taxes are invidious. Thev think
I it m inquisitorial. I be least itq iisitor
ial ol all is the income tax.
i nere never was bo jusr. ix ! Vied as
the Income tax. There is uo' ot Jetton
that can be urged against the mcoiti
tax that I cannot point, to In evry tax
- , . . . . .
writers on political economy, as well '
our own sentiments of what is just and
right, teach ns that a roan ought to par
taxes according to his Income and la no
other way." Senator Sherman pointed
out that at that time ouly twenty mil.
lions were collected upon inoomes, while
the food and clothing of the people were
taxed three hundred millions.
Senator Morton of ludiana, in oppos
ing the repeal of tbe tax, said: "The in
come tax is of all others, tbe most equi
table, because it Is tbe truest measure
that has yet been found of the produc
tive property of the country."
Senator Howe said: "There ia not a
tax on the book so little felt, so abso
lutely unfelt In the payment of it, as
this income fax by tbe possessors ot tbe
great fortunes npon whioh it falls. There
is not a poor man in this country, not a
laborer in this country, but what con
tributes more thau three, more than ten,
more t ban twenty per cenn ot all his
earnings to the treasury of the United
States under those very laws agaiust
which I am objecting, and now we are
invited to increase their contributions
and to release these trifling contribu
tions which we have been receiving from
' But in spileto( these protests tbe tax
was repealed; and during the years that
have followed the government bas con
tinued this discrimination in favor of
the rich and against ths poor. Why?
Because wealth ban been assuming a
larger and larger share in the control of
the government, and the rights of the
masses have been less and less consid
ered. A tax system which overburdens
some and lightly burdens others is lar
ceuy by law; it is an ind rect means by
which oue man's money is transferred to
another man's pocket. In 1898 those
who objected to an income tax, instead
of arguing airainst. tbe rinhteousness of
tbe law, shielded themselves behind the
decision of ths supreme court and assort
ed that any discussion of the tax was
an assault upon tbe honor ot the court.
At present the government can draft
tbe citizen but cannot draft the pocket
book. Slowly but surely the dollar is
being exalted and the man debased.
Justice in taxation must be restored.
The sentiment prevailing among those
who advocate an income tax justifies the
prediction that the democrats, populists
and silver republicans will, in tbe next
campaign, advocate an amendment to
the constitution specifically authorizing
the income tax, and no one who has
faith in the final triumph of
every righteous cause will doubt tbe ul
timate success of tbetff irt to make an
income tax a permanent part of the rev.
euue system of the federal government.
W. J. BBYAN.
Senator Gorman's recent performances
have attracted attention all over the
United States. He has been tbe chief re
liance of the republicans In tbe tfforta to
make a split in the democratic party.
Gorman has never been any thing but a
machine republican politician oparating
under the name of a democrat. He has
always been for tbe gold standard and
a high tariff. He took tbe Wilson bill
as it passed the bouse and turned it into
a republican tariff measure, and when it
went back where it originated, It had
more than a thousand amendments at
tached to it, all being Gorman's work.
It was his intriguing that was at tbe
bottom of tbe Saratoga conference re
cently held. He thought that ha had
things fixed to down Bryan and waa in
high glee until Tammany went back on
the whole thing. It turned out such a
vast failure that tbe republicans were
disgusted with his clumsy work and now
that tbey see that they cannot ue him
anymore tbey are going for bim like a
lot of fiends. Kohlsaat, one of MoKin
ley's mortgagors and editor of the Chi
rago Times- Herald, let loose on him the
the other day in the following fashion:
"As a matter of fact, his service's, his
experience and his ability, are only such
as may de ascribed to a machine politi
cian He has done his party infinitely
more harm than nood bv his disreont.
able methods, and hestands tor nothimr.
Though naturally favorable to iiold, be
has compromised with tbe stlveriles.
Wnen the demoorat were trying to give
fleet in a law to their hostility to pro
tection he appeared in the role of an ob
structionist. He has never had heart,
conschnce and faith to come out for
a .y thing with the frankness and earn
eMtuees of an honest man, unless it may
be the eminently safe protestation Io tbe
south avainst negro domination,
"With Gorman and a Gorman platform
the party would hav absolutely no
principle to fight for. Aside from criti
cism of the opposition its campniirn
would consist of a series of dodges.
Even unreasoning fnticim is respect
able bv comparison with such insincerity
and luck of conviction, and despite the
hopelessness ol silver we feel assured that
Bryan would poll many more votes than
Gorman. One of the most satisfactory
deraQQetr&'io&s of . tbe last campaign
was that .the day of tbe trimmer had
(Com tin lied from pag 1.)
"We denounce the failure of the ad
ministration to enforce the present law
against trusts or to recom mend-new
laws, if the present law is deemed ineffi
cient. We are opposed to the principle of
monopoly wherever it manifests itself.
We demand the enforcement .f the pres
ent h-deral law, the enactment of such
new leitislation as may be necessary and
a constitution! amendment if tbe pres.
ent constitution Is construed to protect
trusts, lo the end that tbe monopolize,
tion of industry by private corporettons
may be absolu'ely prevented. Every
trust rests npon a corporation, and
every corporal I in I a creature of law
and laws, state and national, must
place upon the corpor lions such limit
and restrictions a will protect the pub
lic (rotn injury. We hertily commend
Hon. C. J. 8 n tb. Httornev.ireoernl of
Nebraska, for his t ff iris to euforoe tbe
sta'e law against trii-ts.
"W-are in !avor of au amendment to
ihelederal constitution pciftcily an-
ihotizMig an Income tax; we also favor a
constitutional tii-'Udmeat providing for
rhe elect ion of Uui led States senators by
popular vote. .
"Wab-iiev m a government of the
people, by tbe people aud for the people,
and to the end that tbe people may ex
ert a more direct and potent Influence
upon legislation, we favor the nee of tbe
initiative and referendum" as fur as the
principle can be annlipd. -
I" We point with pride to the Dromnt
en.tatmenii ot Nebraska's quota ol vol
unteers and congratulate all of the Ne
braska soldiers Upo0 their faithful per
lormance of everv duty that fell to their
lot. While the Second and Third reui.
menr were not called upon to prove
tbelr bravery upon the battle field, the
members of the First Nebraska have
won for themselves and for the state im
"We cordially commend the successful
efforts of Governor Poynter to furnish
to the members of the F,rt Nebraska
lrtbruDhPOPtatlonJ n"4 Francisco
r2ilHnh,me9' "nd V ,ttTor a appro
priation to cover tbe expense. But
while we commnnrt th. i.j. ... ' .
d . u Buiuwre tor ooe
lence to a! orders emanating from the
chief executive, we condemn the admin
istrative polocy which has converted a
war for human ity Dto a war of con-
q.WMK bM"BV" that th Filipinos
should have receded the same treat-
mentastbe(Cub tns,and that, as the
Cubans were assured ultimate indepen-
hU1ad tLrotectioD- tD Filipino
should have been assured in the begin-
?k . aW n?,,on'" totentlon t0
them independence as soon as a stable
government could be established and
protection from outside interference,
such assurance should be given now. Tf
the Cubans as stated in the resolution
of intervention, are and of right ought
" tb Mmo cao be said of the
ifilipinos and this nation would suffer
no liumlliatipn io acknowledging adher
ence to the doctrine thar governments
derive their just powers from tbe con
sent, of the governed.
"We are oppoeed to militarism and
congratulate the democrats, populists
and silver republicans In the .United
States senate upon their successful re
sistence of the attempt ot the adminis-
loc ! ooo rai'W tb "tandiD arQ' to
We are opposed to entangling alii
ances with England or any other Euro
pean nation, and contend for an Ameri
can civilization which w.ll recognisa ths
rights of men, and, by a noble example
teach the world tbe blessings of self
government "Io an agricultural oommunitv, edu
cation in technical agriculture and me
chanic arte is of the first Importance, and
we piecige ourselves to admlnliter ths
Morrill land grant fund for agricultural
colleg. and the Hatoh experiment sta-
t on load, which have been entrusted by
the federal government to tbes'ateof
Nebraska for education in agriculture
and mechanic arts, aud for original re-
"H' reuHuni, triGUV in IUS
spirit of the various United States laws
creating the same, and we shall use all
other reasonable means to bring agri
cultural education iu Nebraska up to ths
bluheet standard." . . . . . . .
Mr. Bryan moved the adoption ot ths
report and the platfo. m as read was
adopted by a unanimous vote.
MID IMUD pops.
- The reporter that was assigned by the
World- Herald watched for the assemb
ling of that bod v all niicht In th
email hours' of the morning be handed in
the following report ot theStebbin'a con
vention that was called to meet "In ths
heart of the fusion convention."
"For a time last sight there threaten
ed to be a fourth political convention in
Omaba. Htretcbed at full length upon a
table in Washington hall, chewing ths
whittled portion of a pine stick, lay Lo
cien 8'ebbins the prospective middle-of-th-road
populist convention. -"One
low light burned and flickered
while the convention doz-d with its
weather eye open. Chairman ol ths
Ylk Al l0.itill nnLnli.!.. l .L-l.
because chosen to tbe dignity by ths
Nashville conference, Lncien Stebbins
waited patiently for an opportunity to
convene. Hugging to bis heart the de
lusive fancy that the regular populists
might disagree he waited with modest-
ana piaci'i patience for tbe moment when
a disgruntled minority should rush
maniy into tne hall and
T,. m"" ,e. w-roaasm so Lucien
cnB a"d and was content. In
Dl miiio eye be could see himself the
central figure ol a big holt the chairman
of a life-sis convention, saying things
and doing ibiug a be did in tbe days of
old before he quit politic to adopt
middle of-the-roadiem. Occasionally
another flicnre would flit Into the dimly x
lighted ball and then fi t out again.
"I Am keeping posted on what ths
other convention is doing." said Luoin
to the reporter by way f explaining ths
mysterious and unstable figure.
"Yes," continu-d Lumen, arranging
bis annular form until be "was able to
poise bim-elf so that the . toes nf his
boots touched the fl or on one side of "
tbe table while bis bead rested on a chair
on ths other side. "We are awaiting;
developments. We may hold aconveu-
tion tonight and may not If we do ths
unit veu '"in win o onam.nous on every
point Ton sea ths trouble about this
fusion business is this: There ain't
enough offl-tes to po round la a singla
party and here you have three parties a
laying checkers to see which will give
the others a blick eye. Io this conven
tion all the offi ces will go to middle of
tbe roaders 1 f have to eccept all ths
nominations mvaelf from supreme judge
down to regents of tbe university. The
call for the convention bas already been
issued. If the straight pops learn the
error of their wave tonight I have seen
to 11 that they know ju-tl where tbey
can come to pour Into a confiding ear
tbe desolation of their souls."
'Will yon hold a convention if every
thing should be harmonious with the
Other conventions?' he was asked.
"Well, if I am tolerably well satisfied I
may convene and ratify what tbe other
conventions do, re-ponded Lncien, wink
ing hie left ocular and spitting ont a
Irezzed remnant, of the pine whittling.
"Then, aain, if I am not satisfied I may
Convene and denounce the wh le bUmed
out nr. or I may fx so di-nted with ths
entire business ibtt I'll jut pack my
duds, quit the town in a bodv and go
back to North Platte wh-re I'll throw
my entire voting strength against ths
fuaionist force." j
Lncien waited until the gray dawn
csiiHifemlf a throngh the window and
touched hi fevered brow aero which
ths shadow of hiah ambitions oUved
like axil lixhtnings. Tnn the propo
tiveeouventioufeil of the table and
Patron Iss our
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