The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902, January 20, 1898, Image 1

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    i
The Wealth Makers and Lincoln Independent Consolidated.
J VOL. IX.
V
LINCOLN, NEDR., THURSDAY, JANUARY 20, 1898
NO. 35
ORDINAL PR1NCIP
LES
Senator AUen'a Speech inDefenia
of the Populist
' Party.
Urand tribute to labor,
f'loadi for An Inoorrupt and In
tolligent Ballot as tbo Hops
of tho Nation.
I j frond of tlia
n'U following l a
Jtior A lion at the
OrntWt,
MiMMub dulivorod by
10 annual banquet of
lie Massachusetts populists In JJoston
little more than a year ago. it um
UHt bi't-u win ted in the Congressional
lecord a a part of tho senator's re-
mrku in favor of bin resolution for tlie
m m, nr . I.
roeconuge 01 silver, vt e ruprouuue iu
r tlio reason that It sets forth quite
illy tli aim and purport of tbs Top?
ullst party, On that occasion Bonator
Jrilleu sold; ! ' '
YtfMelloW-clttons: I think I outfit to be
lf,i It ...it n niiiriM.tnlntfl mvaelf Oil the
't that In making my first appearance
tlie commonwealth of Massachusetts
A in the historic ami attractive city of
wtonl do no a a populist attending
i '(important mooting of the ropresunto-
J men of the party,
v'-l was born in tho west and forty
ier of my life have boon spent on that
l ie of the Mississippi where the shadow
SI I the setting sun are lost to usuer in
I, olght and the songs ot birds and the
I Ionic of waters are first to greet the
iwn. audit would be usoloes for me to
ityempt to disguise from you that 1 am
ply ftttucned to lliai purt oi our how
n fimmlrv.
I have not enjoyed the privilege ol
king un extended tour of the oust,
&d mingling, to any considerable ox-
hWHu It" people, aiuiougn mil nu-
r,.J,tiWii Willi UH! )flUKIiai BTTOUIUIH.
'f rioue history, and as an American to
if i manner born, 1 rejoice with you that
rV every great struggle to better the
' Irtpnditiou of the race the Old Hay Htote'
bf s been in the very front rank and true
to'hereurly teaching.
i"l must return my thanks for tho
ilnor conferred on me by your iuvlta--CtKhjtobe
present and address you on
wtbl occasion, I have, until now, de
clined to accept all invitation to de
liver addresses beyond the confine of
iffy .own state, but your wae couched in
thnf ln!r no doubt that VOU
uaiuu -1 . , ' ,
i jinireu to osar ana eee on
ew year, endeavored to upnoia in ine
nlted 8taU Honate the caue of hie
mntry agaiimt the encroaclimont oi
ihiwful power ana trie aoauij eiioc oi
itralicatlon.
Will ireeiy buiuiv iubbiu
j invitation 1 wa aciuaieu ioibwbhv
, nUiru tiivlwit; tiiie hiHtorio srround
Uiirn more of the people by actual
antactthan I now know. In the early
vi of the nation there were thoee who
'doubted, a there areeome who now
doubt, the ability oi me people 10 gov
1 it... .t i.il ttllO it it i
ri IHtMlliwJi fur, m p-- - '
yabltttbineut of what they were pleased
o call a etroug government oy imuuihk
ill real power lu tne nano oi win iww
nd mere nominal power in the hand of
....... nulnif in it Ijirira IIII'IIH-
ire, to tlm wiw couneel of Mamwwhu
(lUntuteemell, Mild lo ouier iiiuniruun
'...I ..tpi,.tin cltiiMiiM. butter luilirement
L'" I'"". . ' ..
sirevalliili ana me guyeniiiH'm, hh
Filly mid lt hoi prmaiimitly,
Vabllnhed on the eolld foundation of pop.
r,i,ir wovereiguty. .Nearly a century and
Wittiiiiurler have plumed iuce the forma
fji'ii'i tb" union, only to prove the i
Aia.imo! their nation.
i ttiii.k It will be mMtottdetl everywhere
K tl tt our eountry ii"wl imt nl the
nr. nt time a radienl puritlvaiion of the
u nubile rviHt. tVrtainly Kriitauut
W r.rity will n t nturu ti biea ue un;
( til every department h I imntleU
I I tiu.1 uutil there an upward tendency to
Ii.ulilte moral.
kuuw oi no rwoMin why a i-roii
C vld to the ndmlnUtrntion u! a public
1 j.itu ehouM lul dieehnrge He dutk-
, .an h great If not n'eu r tl-Wny lbu
). i, privato bl, fr i the ou ttum
, linr ol many m nrtwetwl, while lu
A ui her the lulerwU of a N only nr
IV ,. ....-ro.i.
"tritiid pubbe hiorality thai witleol
fci.UreiaM,h 'h j.fwat I"
IM lUriieaftluttU ttrally nwbd.
tut etlr all, H lhl' " I""1'-
iv-m ,hh. olttowl tht-
and m'rUiy i'l ml ra
V r ilmrm ur than t ttaml laUl
i.dw a4 wi'ratliy id tb 'pl hu
m i Ur pl.lte erK nddahl-
MmJ"a w gitl la tMfe'
V, I , m kNM wllKuU t IM
4, ,.. a'lf what Ike iph
a, II, 1 it U tMf tHii la
,Mtllk-y lKynrtia
l.t tl". J'Wgaa'"!. taud
a.uH tfcw. wfcW tfe
L,,..iH4iM an t le ralieg rla-M at la
"... ..le l th t"t '
?Lfcr.-w aMUV UIU aee,,t,Ji.ti.
L..I wia a.K and mim tmb.
r.- "4 with taatWb hali.
ullklMbi-na . . .
Hue te4 that ierlaj tha ral
teiW I M. (tp..bta
!t.ie tltaleJ t,"d la
wl aall'- aa4 the t'aku Ha -'
irJi aha att.i4 the ku tn
, ,w Totwsta4Ue 4v
catea of popular right and parKamen
tary power over the orown and the tol
eration of dieHonter were called Whig,
Liberal and radical have superseded
Whig in Knglleh politic.
"During the Revolutionary war those
who were friendly and supported the
cause of freedom were called Whigs,
The word was used in contradistinction
to Tory and Royalist, and was given in
derision to a political party that ex
isted from to 1HM. In my limited
search 1 have been unable m Hod that
the word "populist" has found a place
In the dictionary, but I think it may
properly be said to be derived from the
Uitln 'populus,' signifying, as the pareut
word siguide, the common people, the
multitude, and comprehnudliig within
Its definition all persons not distin
guished by rank, office, education, or
profession. The name was given the
people's party in dorlslon.
"The cardinal principles of thepnrty
are these; The free and unlimited coin
age of silver and gold at the present
legal ratio of 10 to 1, the issuance of all
money by the general government as a
full legal tender for public and private
debts, without tho use of banking cor.
porations; nu increase of the circulating
medium to 950 per capita; a graduated
income tux: postal savings banks; a lim
itation of the national revenues to the
necessary expenses of the government
economically and honestly administered;
government ownership of railroads,
telegraphs, and telephones; a reduction
of lands now held by railroads and other
corporations In excess of their actual
needs, to government ownership, and
all hinds owned by nonresident alien to
be reclaimed by the government and
hold for actual settlers,
'I think the judgment of the enlight
ened world is thoroughly convinced that
there is not gold enough with which to
perform adequately the work demanded
of money. Thoughtful men recognize
the necessity of an increase in the vol
ume, not only In this country, but
throughout the civilized world. The
total gold output is limited, while the
strain on basic money is dally growing,
owing to the rapid increase of popula
tion and wealth. It may be truthfully
said that the gold output for monetary
uses Is practically exhausted, lor after
deducting that necessary to the arts and
In making full weight of abraded coins,
there I not enough to add materially
to the stock of money,
"JIow I metallic money to be Increased
except by the free and unlimited
coinage of sliver? The world's volume
of silver money, as far as we can ascer
tain, does tot exceed that of gold, each
amounting, in round number, to about
1 1,000.000,000; and until 1873 they
had stood for twenty-seven centuries
within three points of each other,
-lint why, it Is frequently asked,
should we coin silver and gold at the
ratio of 10 to 17 1 answer: Hecause na
ture has not and cannot establish a
ratio, and it must be dons by man. Ra
tio i not a natural law; ana io to i
being the relation that was established
bv oureovernmnnt iu 1807, no reason
exists of which I have knowledge why it
should at thi time be cnatiged. 1 he re
lation of the coins must therefore, of ne
cessity, be arbitrary, as no two thlns
can, commercially speaking, be said at
all time to be oi equal value.
"I am In favor of the (reo and. unlim
ited coinaire of silver because, by the
constitution, it I dedicated as money
material, and because to deprive it oi
free coinage would be an open, flagrant,
and inexcusable violation of the funda
mental law to the irreat and permanent
Injury of the people. 1 am in favor of
free and unlimited coinage because the
commercial and Industrial iuterosts of
tha rxiople demand It, and because the
prosM)rity and progress of the country,
the true ulms of all Just and humane
governments, will not be compassed un
til our basic money has been increased.
I am In favor of it because it would set
all prod lie live agencies at work and en
large the scops of usetul labor, increase
wages, and produce contentment and
hnpplnes among the people, It would
Increase Individual and national wealth
and secure to tha producer of the loriner
a rightful portion of that which his luunl
and craft bring Into existence. It would
bring to the striken homea of our coun
try needed roxH ril,v, ami chase (rum
their portal the gloom id deepair and
till them ouce mora with the suusbiueol
hnppliieS and )ny,
"It Is not my tmrfHM to dWcuM, fullv
r academically, the many objections
mnduby thsgoli mouometnllUt to th
dis'trliie td fr folium, although it will
be proper for Mm to notion mmie id them
in a aeueral wey, It U I that open
in lu Is would tttmd us with siUrlrom
tvvrywrol tbs world, anduadertbs
ui. r ((,. w of tb tin hum taw gold
would U driven out and we would gu to
a stiver bant. This U an uusouud nnd
rtttob argument aud eoMrary the
prvewhats td hiUrr, ll silver wrs
toiuwl n tbs IioMa of the l'uHd XUtra
nl tb ratio ol Itt to I o t.rms id mI
ilywith got I, the bullion vUe would
liunuthaMr riw a I Mow I lb bullion
value ot the I lt r, tr it mut b luoan
to eorrwt rrmi4r that Ihevalusol
Mold bullion i oilisWb! to I ha vote
!' ii trr gold ttttjt
"II vy rirt turns tr l on
th roiMAM 1 1 gold, s I m !! d It,
like ttlvw, br In a uiilo.
Melilh vbsaani wt trliarr o4t
ior and vwald not, Halr ai,y vinew
U ba ntMtltw la m Mmls II
would 1 rvndily wi tt the e.it.U,
tistf lbs vIk of the tout imipm,
wwnld lmtitllly iroUi- d.nlf
Mwevn lb ii m Itwi ulm aid tbs
ot. it Ibe ntowwnl lbs riwuin
wae rml. lbs but Masnd mi woaM
wmw h4 tvOMstwt. I bM rwW b(4d
Ira a rwwu t. giv bullion
rtiul4 In o!4 bt dvfil m lbs
wtaibsla twvnttM nl ratiptt Mawsgw,
bt abivba larg part id lb as I pal bt
tbrawn on b niaiksl. as a ntfiu
nMbty. aa4 by ibal wwans IhstmUt..
value J the Ui U ba Ibsa tb
llkuia, tst rvatavt tha trntto
and admit It to ths mints on terms of
exact equality with gold, and Immed
iately gold and silver bullion aud the
coin would become equal la value in
the markets of our own country and
those of ths world, and the volume of
basic money would bo Increased 100 per
cent
"Certainly no intelligent and disinter
ested man would imperil hi standing as
a logician by asserting that with our
mints oKin to the free coinage of silver
the Kuropenn holder would consent to
ell for less than its coin value, less, of
course, the cost of transportation and
Insurance, because lie could bring it to
our mints and Imvo It oolned into stand
ard silver dollars of eqnal purchasing
aud debt-paying power with gold.
"We are met hero with the argument,
or, mors properly sinking, 1 should
say subterfuge, because It does not rise
to the dignity of argument, that free
coinage would bring to the United Htatns
the surplus silver of Europe nnd gold
would b3 driven out. This it is said
would be due to tho operation of the
Ornshum law, and notwithstanding it
has been repeatedly met and shown to
be unsound, it Is persistently nnd dog.
maticully asserted, History is against
Misstatement. VV bad free and limit
less coinage of silver from the founda
tion of the government to 1871), and sll
ver bullion aud silver coin were of equal
value aud worth iJ tier cunt more than
gold nt ths time of demonetizat ion.
"It is suld again that up to that time
we had coined not to excisjd 98,000,000.
but this is only a half truth. We bud
coined a little more than 18,000,000 in
dollar pieces or disks, but wo had alto
gether 1150,000,000 in silver coin, tak
ing no account of the vast quantity of
bullion that had been shipped to Kurops
to supply the demand there and of
which we can obtain no reliable data,
This bullion and even much of our coin
went to Kuropenn markets as a result of
undervaluation here,
"Auothur fact of Importance in refuta
tion of the dumping argument, if I may
be permitted to null it such, should not
be forgotten, and that Is, that after ths
passage In 1878 of the Uland-AHIsou
act and during the precise time our
mints were coining silver under ths pro
visions of that act and ths Hherman act
of 1800. our supply of gold instead of
diminishing and being expelled, 'as is
now contended would be the case in the
event of free silver coinage, actually in
creased about 1230,000,000.. Oold mo.
nometatlists overlook or ignore this in
their eagerness to overthrow silver.
"Uutl would like to ask any Intelli
gent man this question: From whencs
wilt the sliver com that is to flood tb
country nnd drive away gold under a
system of free silver coinage? I assert,
without tho slightest feat ol being sua
cessfully contradicted, that outside the
western hemisphere there are not in the
world SO, 000.000 ounces of free silver.
The truth is that Kurops is now, aud lor
years bas been, experiencing great diffi
culty and depression In c jnscqtmnco of
not being able to procure an adequate
supply of silver, and when we shall be
possessed of reason and patriotism suf
ficient to induce ns to retrace our steps
and again resume the limitless coinage
. ..! ... .. ..I, .l .In.,,
HI Silver, nn ri rfpuiv ui nun iwji biviv.
every civillxud nation will be compelled
in sell defense to open Its mint to tne
white metal.
"But suppose Kuropenn silver should
be thrown on us dumped on us, as It Is
said suppose it should be brought to
our mints and coined into dollars of ex
act equality with our own, what would
be the result? Hurely it would be Amer
lean money and the owner would be
compelled to exchange it for American
labor, or the products oi American lanor,
aud this would bring prosperity; this
would afford our laboring oooplea mueh
needed and greatly desired opportunity
to engage lu unbroken labor at profit
saving wages.
"Hut the gold monometallism blindly
pursuing his false logic as fatally as a
night moth pursues a lighted taper, as
serta that the Kunqwan silver owner
would ext-hangfl his bullion for A merlon n
gold, and having raed A large profit
on bis Investment, would return to his
own country to enjoy his gain. Hut can
this bi true? let us tor a moment ex.
ii in I iim tbs assertion, for It amount to
no more than an assertion, We have tio
law compelling a iernii to give another
n gold dollar In exehang lor a ailver
dolUr, Huili nn njitveuieui, if made Int
twm the holder of tlo tonus id
muiisv, would be a matter til private
poiilruet, with whuh the government
eould not romtiiultoiHilly lmrure, but
there Is nothing in the U reqmnug the
etehamts to b nd.
"Ho il is ie that s lvereould ti taken
lu tm irvasury and ni loiul lor gold,
but this stnUtiH'Ul I bhent mu tries
1 bem I no law rwqairiug or authoruing
lbs rvrelarj ol tb tratiry to rfd.vui
ilvr rota la got I,
"I loot what would lb bolj. r of silvtr
rMiit at our nonl Iroui tlaropvnn
bull! m do will bis Bionry fi,r nMin
tag i ' I will lull jou w bat M rouUl do,
a I all he euM d.
1 Us toabl return with It to Untit
ronsin, lu whbb swhI It wovild nitM
lO m I tlt I Mlr IHOUV Sll 1 rf.UM l
nouw bullion, or b Vtotl l purtbux and
dip A ww wan atnsaUo'iurs I arte 1 to
,il4 abroad, b intuld vwiploy tn,i.
nn Ulx tw nl ba ir t eaald
inblsb ro,ln. inn tnl4iria in i"
ttiuHirr a4 lbtbf ivv tbetWmnnd
Ut Anwnaa tbr asA a-lau wm,
b nl4 tlti sat sad nil lhrihom4 and,
tbss. Wt JouM, t.oo m.ri(( at is wba
bad U tint id snt4o UM.nl br tunny
inoalb wuuid di -i bn tbianewa
(fuviMhiU In tn twds'gvJ la a M'kid
oar lata bw bonus mt .oi olhr mw.
arjr MrlWi wba h bnbwndirtt4
Htf a Imss lint nM th v I J rd
14 I ad f w, m alt windor nnd
lwmMM, il ibin wonM al babJM
rnlbe tuna a ' W ml 1 1 nol bn a
IriwMiet ti lb Hnalninrr, la lb
Unv, tu lb UtHxr, Im ad wbn toil
aa I UiM wbit aViwnd imi woibt
"I'll dd HwnoaMlnlliet labm lb
cry of 'sound monoy,' which moans of
course, the gold standard. They assert
that w must have tho 'best money,'
which muaui, In their vocabulary, gold,
and many who have long ago ceased
thinking for tboinsulves,. If iudeed they
ever indulged in the luxury, join In the
senseless clamor and stigmatlxo all de
siring ths (re coinage of silver as repudl
atloulsts, cranks, und dishonest men,
Ths most dishonest money that can be
foisted on an uususiwctlng people Is ths
tingle gold standard. (Jold has been ap
preciated fully 100 per cent above Its
nominal value by deiiionctlxatlou of sil
ver and a short volume of currency.
"It bas produced depressions, panics,
enforced idleness, want and squalor.
Ths populist parly insists that ws shall
have honest money consisting of gold,
silver, and rcdimninbla paper, issued by
tho government In sufllcicut quantity to
restore permanent prosperity, develop
Industry to Its greatest capacity, and'
afford all employment at remunerative
wages, that they may discharge their
duties to the country and tbuirTumllles
In on efficient manner und earn enough
by honest toll to lay the foundation of a
fortune, ' A money that will enable them
to do this is honest; a money that will
not is not only unsound, but raukly dis
honest. "Jlut I hav not the ths time (o dis
miss the principles of populism as fully
as I would like under ordinary circum
stances to do. 1 cannot ask you for tb
time, and 1 must content myself with
general statements; 1 think that it will
be entirely proper to direct attention to
some things the Ignorant have supposed
and tho vicious have asserted to be pop
ulist dootrluofl, and that have no rela
tion to the party, J'opullsts are not
socialists, tho party Is not paternalistic
It believes that schmtlllo socialism is a
Utopian dream Incapable of reulinatlon,
aud it bas no sympathy with that kind
of socialism that borders on anarchy,
and it has supreme contempt for anar
chists, foreign or native-born.
"This element of society must be re
strained by the strong arm of ths law if
tho republic is to stand. The populist is
apaityof enlightened and just individ
ualism. It believes In the equality of all
before tho law aud demands the enact
ment and enforcement of just laws In an
honest manner for the advancement of
society, Of course all government Is, In
a comprehensive sense, socialistic, for no
government could otherwise exist, but
ours must not be socialistic in ths or
dinary aoccptotlon of the term.
"Nor does the populist party believe
In a limitless volume of Irredeemable
paper tfo.py. ft believes In the froe
coinogiWgold aud sll ver tho money of
tho constitution, supplemented by suffi
cient paper money, issued by the gov
ernment without the intervention of cor
porations. Just as now exists, or as
would exist if silver were coined on
terms of equality with gold, and in a
limited volume of full legal tender paper
money, anticipatory of and redeemable
in the revenue. To these ends and for
these purpose Its members of congress
have Incessantly labored. They have
labored to better the condition of all,
and tbey have at no time advocated de
fenseless measures, or those that could
properly be characterised as Utopian or
Impracticable.
"The constitution confers on ths con
gress the exclusive power to coin money,
It Is a sovereign power aud one In it
nature calculated to advance or retard
the Interest of all, according to the
manner ot it exercise. Throughout our
history no administration had the te
merity to permit private corporations
to issue and ciroulat their notes as
money until after ths beginning of the
civil war. It was permitted then only
as a wur measure, and with the distinct
understanding that at the restoration ol
eaoe they would disappear, but, the
promise not being kept, the volume of
national bank currency ha beeu per
mitted to Increase.
"The populist party la arrayed In solid
phalanx agniust national bauk note
aud the usurpation ol the power vested
in eomrres by tha constitution to Issue
mousy. It is in every wnrelvable resiswl
objeetiounble, It is an abaudoument of
Congressional duty to tha sople, the
nou I mii ml cannot be maou legal lou
der, and the nytem turn over to lbs cor-
Miration tha monetnry nliairs ol His
nation, thus placing tu their bands the
shiIu weal or woe,
'.Vntlonnl bauk can, under the law.
issue or ri'lirn their note nt w ill; they
cna contract ur ipaud ths curr my at
iileuMurv. aud always uroiiiotiv ol their
una iuterval and to the detriment of ids
latink tiMinr of contraction nud
expniutiott la id vital iiHporlituen, A su !
il.'ti eiprtiision may lunste imvoi
the hmii ol 14 tiinmul rufflly, w hits
S radical aud sbtirp vtiulrac lion should
bnpinlly mtata to bring lu lu train
IimuioI prowrty, dtrwMii.tt (a pruvn, ll
sol pitH nnd gvMrnl bankrupt, y, Tb
pmr o last nioav i ol a-H"niiy,
ilwMorw, nu lhat should X virv4
by lbs gorttnieal in lb inVr id all,
pit n lbs owtvign "ar uot
lia should bstresl by IHsgoivrn
nnl in tb lauil ol lb tph,
A wl ttoaht eiiHrs l irta oat to
a divml dv'iioii m va no .ain tird
bf oar kirin oi nvtvfitMu In thu li
iiarir, or lbs t'aM l b-vy aal tmiu
or lb l loKrfi id nsv olber eon,
iiiitMnl U4ty that at bf lu muk
nnd lb ins'ias nsd -ts y ul lbs ma-
ntntioa wwniitl4 l lbs nowrain!,
rvMisg d avnnaUis4 n wroa
a4 t, vain rsnitia4 a
tnvnr, nsd lh rpuUi'Hn nu (! "
unlet i-nttwa m eoninill. ,i Ibmr
ctwtisanaiv, a4 latlatf M tp
M rvmois lbm, b t.l l H,
M, RSMMII bf lb id lb
limn, tm ila imtne, vnUmg bady
bit n rsiurn Hi aiillHiaal
M I la lb lrl 4 ait.
'I'upabst tkal mwasf WI W
in vntl isitWwstlr IoUim pi wit
ladivMnal as 1 naiamal initU,i. bl
Ibnl bm sball b a saddwa taa
lit a ttmtttss vulaat id r Mnasy
put In circulation; nor that anything
radioal shall be done, but that the gov
ernment, prolltlug' by experience, shall
oause a steady and healthy eipuusion of
tho money volume to a point where tho
greatest prowrlty can bo produced.
We have in our own country, as an
example, tho time Immediately following
tho close of the wur, wbon tho circulat
ing medium was over $CU per capita.
Never in tho history of our country hud
there been more material prosperity and
general happiness than then, notwith
standing we had just emerged from a
bloody and devastating war. It is the
hope of populists that ths volume of
msaiey will bo Increased, and that it will
will keep even pace with tho Increase of
wealth and population, and that every
dollar will at all times bo of canal pur-
ohalng and debt-paying power and per
form it prowr office In the commerce
and Industry of ths world.
"1 have not tlis time to discuss these
questions rxtendedlv or minutely, nor
you ths patience to listen, but I may bo
permitted in passing to not a misstate
ment frequently made that the populist
party favors a limitless volume of Irre
deemable pa (Mir money. Tho assertion
Is unfounded and made through Ignor
ance or meudaclty, There Is nothing in
ths platform or traditions or teachings
of the party that can lead honest men to
that conclusion. On the contrary, wo
repel the thought of a limitless paper
money, Ws lavor a paper currency Is
sued directly by the government, in
creasing the circulating medium by safe
and healthful means to a point produot-
Live of the highest individual and nation
al prosperity,
"Tho populist party favors tho elec
tion of United H tales senators by direct
vote of the people; this I a cardinal
article of It faith. Certainly no tnan
conversant with the methods employed
In debauching legislatures in the election
of United Hiatus senators will deny that
tlioro should be a change for the better,
legislative elections aro foreign to tbs
spirit of our institutions and tho rights
of the masses whose Interests are direct
ly involved. On every lino' of our na
tional history, in every, tradition, in
every provision of the constitution
peaking of elections, the fact is appar
parent that tho people are supremo and
have the primary right to select their
rulers, It may bo noted with pride that
the present senate committee on
privilege and elections have reported
favorably a proposed constitutional
amendment requiring tho election of sen
ator by popular vote.
"(loverument ownership of railroads,
Hsgraphs and telephones is a doctrine
of the party, That such ownership is
necessary I think noo oavrsaat with
tho history of railroading will soberly
deny. Of course those interested ia pri
vate ownership, their press, their agents,
and their attorneys, will decry the doc
trine and use the Influence they possess,
or purchase, to defeat the accomplish
ment. Hut I think no disinterested per
son will deny the necessity , A railway is
an Improved highway, and highways
belong to tho sovereign power in this
and in other countries. Railroad, tele
graph and telephone companies have
power to take private property for their
own by virtue of the constitutional doc
trine of eminent domain.
"If they were not quasi public corpor
ations they could not do so, notwith
standing they might be willing to pay
more than it Is worth. It is on account
of the public service they are supposed
to render that they are authorised to
construct their line from the Atlantic
Ocean to the Pacific sea board. They
are in their nature monopolies; tbey aro
few in number aud competition is un
known among them. They are Indis
pensable to all, promotive of civilisation,
aud it is truly within the power, as it ii
ttilhin tb line of true policy, for the
government to reduce them to owner
ship. .No oue will deny that congress
KisseN then agencies, but those not
familiar with the doctrine of eminent do
main or the necessity of lu application.
"We are asked by what right the gov
eminent can reduce ths public agencies
to It ownership. 1 auswer, by the
same power tbey exerclsnd In securing
private irowrty on which to construct
their but the right of eminent domain.
When ii shall U made to apsiar to con
gress that public owuershin of railroads,
telegraph aud telephone is "mwntiiil to
tlis geinrat WHlfnre and bapplnews of ths
peoplo, that body will ls found to hav
nmplu power uuiler lb constitution to
enact law to that end, and obtain litis
by paying ths oxe.-r I tin Inir valus, u
I hi n-o ruined u nu authebtie taauni-r.
"Iiul il is oinetlmen urged that thi
would Im palerualMnn, aud peirnalitit
la abtorrttt to th Ignorant aud U
grevdy. l'alsruallam raaaot nU min
imi n patriarch, aud guwrnmsut owner
ship U no him eouiilrd p4l runlilw,
it flndsltsslmilitu itiila turnpikes, plank
roads, canals, au4 other pubUa auik
bmtt, oaed and upKratfd by tbstnt-,
kUuy taia built and oprbl mil
rond. nnd liriU now uwu and pr
nim a railnay i ii.nut.iy. ll is not to b
Moitn lnl bo pr cwnt id lb naiions
ol lbs world ao oa and nrat lb
milroads, tMrb and lU phon in
hn inti-rU i4 lb npl and lo tbvtr
rvl n 4aat and pront. liom
nival onw,bi u by an a aw or
Uutnsd but, ll b tMt lb
snrlaMi witod id rlav oatrlioa.
llU md Mnia that gonieet
oniihtp wwuld rall la tlrwbwig
mlu lhpbli.fia' aiai,oHinn,llinl
noul I bn a awunvn li Ian got ntnl,
iwnuna a lkv wonl 4 u lkir vol
and ln(ta lo fatns ' panwf lb
pmlftfoui wbxsi by hrwoM lhi
n-HMnlntl. IUI Ibi stnlrnwnl k
na ntMUK I ttr wunl4 a aa arnl
tr dsit lr nt thin ur Unn
tna4 tivtMi tb ami aednavi, lb
ImuI, wr as iiiW goaaiatdtparl
msnt atnpUtf lag Urg bilam nl Mm, na I
nsUmasJ bonnslly ajsmuifl
ltd sbn wont i rls th da a la
n MOHiHisia.
Uni, nty MW ttiuta, allef alt bat
tCvati4 U't I'm.)
TOLL GATEJUISANCB
A Few of Thosa Antiquated Ob-
ataolai Still R-
EXAMPLES OF ANOTHER KIND,
Capitallflta Who nv Tuslr Toll
Oates and Tax Tho
Poople.
Ulgli-wayi llalong tn th l'pl, .
TsiT-Hl'Miaar wonlS' not bs wolf, if llomso
wr out htip,"--HhskMpMrs,
Only half a century ago toll-gates
were almost as common as log cabins,
and all pious and conservative settlors
declared them to bo as necessary as tho
roads, Thirty years back every brldgo
over tho Connecticut river, was a toll.
bridge, maintained for private profit.
There aro mun still living in Massachu
setts who can remember when there
vers tailgates every ten miles on all the
great' high-ways in tho Htato.
There are, at the present time, a few
of these antiquated obstacles left in the
United Htate aud Canada, but publlu
sentimeut Is overwhelmingly against
them, as the toll-gate riot in Kentucky
prove.
Toll-gates were never necessary.
Private individuals should never bavo
been allowed to own the roods, No man
has a right, for the sake of private profit,
to tie a knot iu tbs veins of commerce,
It Is very fortunate, in these days of
McKlnloy prosjierity, that tho roads
have become publia property, for they
are tho only part of American soil that
the unemployed and exploited ' wage
workeru can call their own,
Fifty years ago the capitalists said:
"If It wers not for us there would be no
roads," and tbey sat still and levied a
tax on all who moved about. Hut as
soon as tho people became wise enough
they took possession ol ths roads, with
out any bbndshod or dynamite, aud an
other remnant of barbarism was re
moved. i
Th wooden toll-gates are gone, but
the human toll-gate remain. Any man
who taxes the labor and activity ol
others is nothing mors than a toll-gats,
He may call himself a manufacturer, a
landlord or banker, or anv other fair-
sounding name, but if bs receives mouoy
without rendering any personal service,
he Is a toll-gate.
Rockefeller stands between tbewbols
nation and the oil fields, and take toll
on every gallon. Whenever you bay a
Bound of sugar you have to pass through
lavsmeyer's toll-gats, ana ia front of
nearly every railroad depot l'ierpont
Morgan's toil-gate staud.
, Every capitalist bas his toll-gate, and
stands behind it like a mendicant friar,
holding out bis bat for that compulsory
charity which be call , rent, profit and
Interest. Tbs self-Importance of tbesa
obstructionists would be amusing if it
were not so fatal to the nation's wel
fare. They imagine there would bo no
business if it were not for the obstacles
they put In the road. They think a
steamer is propelled, not by steam and
machinery, but by the barnaoles that
stick to the bottom.
The human toll-gates claim to "pro
vide us with work," but a firebug could
olnim the same virtue. Capitalists make
work and wo does a naught r baby. If
work i a good thing, why do they try
to escape it? If it I a bad thing why do
they try to make more? They claim to
have "superior ability," Mo did slave
drivers.
Thers is nothing else for it, comrades,
TUB I'ltlVATK CAI'ITAUST MUST uo! Just
now the monopolists ore rejoicing at
their capture of America, but unless
some of us are greatly mUtaken, belore
ten year they will be Imploring Kurops
to send over some HiHunnn aud help
them get loose. Clear ths rood lor the
human race i marching! Awtr with
Till! TOI.HUTSS AMI M I Ml ii ox! Herbert
N. Cannon, iu Coming Natiou.
rVr lb IhIIUUis unit IUfraluui,
"lu thi country lor mora than six
ynr our party ba platform! th lu
itiativ and rfersnduui, Ws bav ex
plained th dm-trlne la 'nteatlug until
th matter ia fairly UBd.Mood. I'er
oantly, 1 am convinced, that II I th
fundamental reform. Our political cam
pngu ar bul'rt ar ul the tio.' Jt
mmiu a r'ghi; frail lbs Hipl,'
(.itteuin w i right; ' V gornnnl of,
for and by lbs peopl,' 1 am br any
propr pint tu sulurg lh ruhUot Inn
iii.; nad rurtad lb por id uitl,w
L.Klv,-.. I will t- g'nd li d i nuy thing I
enn li orar4 lbs iniitdtivs aa I rnr
n'luut, a I eoasi i.tr II on id lb grab
m iornts id uur lnn." toagnaaiaa
W, lltk la th ,Ns flaws
lb WfM HoiMlHI lMb,
Tha World H"rad St twik a4
,tnntwrly rvaa f r lVl U UU-r lb
tf twbM. ll sunlaia mom Ibna &iaJ
pn4n as I la laadtn!iy aa4 abua
tnily bo4. ll in aa iavnlnabln mm
MUIin td garnt labirwatbia aad t
o, m bnw4 aa I la ki. b' rn I
hiitk", AeopJ m lh Jsal's ba
bol4 b la um boam in .Nbaka. 11
yon bf aul alr-lr bi4hi a wiM'l
tun bnil n 1 y wal tu lb Wwi4
llf ai I s4 gl a e imkm lbs S4ppt
tbaiMit4.
a. nt or W, A, H nw fa la aa
a I ailwd atatw IWnalor lra la ial
4to, oa Uoadny 4 Ihia w.h. II
w b twvpMit vi maty tifcral
latiiia.