The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902, December 30, 1897, Image 1

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    The Wealth Makers and Lincoln Independent Consolidated.
n,.amoiii nradford Thinks Tariff
Nor Currency Neither
The Key.
ConffreBs is Cited as Harboring
Great Dangers to the Wel
fare of the Eepublic.
Mollad lolM.
In bio speech before those at tbodinner
irttioNw England free trade club in
Boston this month, Gamaliel Uradfor
.gives lils Idoas on what tho country
uoode In the way of legislation. Ho esys
the question of government by tho poo-
f ile Id first to be adopted and thou cur
rency and tariff reforms will bo plucked
like sunbeams in their proper time.
Mr. Bradford said he did not appear
un au expert upon the tariff, and would
be sorry to undergo a competitive ex
amination Uion the reMpective merits of
the McKlitloy. Wilson and DiiiLflny bills.
He proponed to spouk upon a subject
which includes the tariff and a great
many other questions of equal import
nce and that Is government'
From the financial Hide, the tariff
means simply whether the people shall
be plundered to the bone for the benefit
of certain privato JntoreHts. From the
political side, it involve tho permanent
welfare of the people, the whole future of
tho country and the very existence of
our Institutions.
Within the memory of men not very
old, the "spoils system ' was the instru
inentof carrying ou the government,
nnd the public office were the stimulus
of party work and the reward of party
victory. But civil service reform, though
not yet complete, practically put an end
to that. Twenty years ago the speaker
used to say to his friends, "It is an ad
mirable work you are doing, but you
must remember that the use of offices
In politics must be replaced by some-
thing, and that something will be mon
ey." The prediction has boon amply
A difliculty arose at the start, and
that was where the money was to come
from. To make good the loes of all the
government offices would require no
email sum, and though some amounts
might be obtained from public or party
spirit, they would be trifling in com
parison with the requirements. To the
topublican party belongs the credit of
(solving the problem, for though the
democrats would undoubtedly have done
"tho same thing, the republicans bad the
1 responsibility, if a number of power
ful private iutereets could have a tariff
' passed to suit them, they would con
tribute campaign funds to an unlimited
1 -extent. The tariff, however, which on
v riched the private intends, also poured
.anjimmonse surplus into the treasury
and a now trouble arose. We had
enough t up govorumuiit bonds till those
outstanding only paid one and a half
per cent internet, and the national banks
were iu a panic lent the basis of their
; 'Circulation ehould be withdrawn.
, lint the republican managers were
equal also to this emergency. There
was a large number of persona who had j
been soldiers in the war. If every one
of thorn could bo provided with a pen
sion, to date from the war there would
be uo more trouble from treasury aur
pluse. This policy had the further ad
vantage that It would bind all these pen
eioner with hooks of steel to the party
which had so geuorously provided tor
thorn; and still another, that there was
a group of penion agents, ready and
auxious in view of a commission to
arry it iuto eff eel. The country was
raked with u fine toothed comb for
everybody who could net up a war claim,
The number of pouaioner thus far is
Ubont a million, or say on ia four of
all thu northern soldiers of the war.
The othsr ittyuiue million! of the
prmn-ut inhabitants of the whole 1'nited
State are tnid lor the support of thie
million, la twenty yuan the treasury
lias paid out la pension between two
and three thousand million of dollar,
or say nearly one half ol the whole eol
i war, Mat what is more mou.
rou, a tally equivalent emu baa We
i-id iuto the ptH'kxU til the prutrtd
inWrtoU which lurnUhwl rmpign
A iugl luatnnr will ear?! lor illustr
ation The editor of aa hratwh t oat
,4 Iron ,itgane a a rw-atly iu the
lati4 Ktnl and rturu4 boats to Mi
lit otri that oar mass! tela rr
.tt iron and ell ma prolan law art.
l. at ! to S'ta addling r I mi
kaixr titaa thotawtvM. tMonMthi
.r-citi4- any IiiumM of ibe ring-tub
.trtt.'Wa. Is tanS iy NMa that
th att fnjir ran ad J tit lb itm d
hi gHHl and Wvy a prull on lhia
air lh bl amount l ttui dxty
ahhk lh KnUh -r4n! would b
l,i .t Mun imI4 in rwltun. it
ti nnnUtrw prtidw wmr
lhaa the aoaultf a eMittt at thi
pra-m, lh ran wt4 a g'm of tfal l
lmra bf Mta4 thipia ll.n!tf
t-rw. Ik mw tlit '-hl k
-ilJ l a srwat many bt s
rtila, (M euarwa aaa ewntiil
tHtee, nuwer aa ktrai knt a
! fMitase 4 rvins .h Um
! hi i4 t-a hnUU.
lull l tl4s K ial, HMb! alo
what ft tir cumwiiM In lt
it Ur W a tl than
tk tata 4 tk sanf lor tta ha
I h aal tht in tha Um (4
fldonce in the government. There in a
growing belief that congrees in merely
an instrument for playing Into the
bauds of the rich and powerful, regard
lees of tho welfare and wiehes of the
great mass of the people, and this be-
lief is producinga degree of etrifo and
exaeperation between claHsoe, which In
full of danger. What ie to be clone?
(Jertainly the remedy does not consist in
a change of parties. In 1800 and 181)2
disgust with the republican party gave
a democratic president and a democratic
majority iu both houses. They produced
the Wilson tariff, but showed euch in
competence to govern that the lead
pawned to Jiryan and the populists. The
combination of fear and campaign funds
resrorou me republicans to power and
resulted iu tho Dlngley tariff, Involving
that fluctuation which is woreo than the
woret tariff, if only it could be kept
There are manifeet signs t hat the close
01 the century will see the republicans
again nurieu irom power. and the substi
tu to offered will bo the democrats of tho
Chicago platform. A few years of thoee,
might possibly drive the country back
to the republicans and this alternation
from bad to worse can have In the end
but one result, which is armed strife,
I repeat that the vital question before
us is neither tariff nor currency, but
government. The only safeguard in the
struggle of private interest and the pub
lic wellure, against increasing social
restlessness and discontent, ugainst the
agitation of demagogue and thu com
binntions of capital Is to bo found iu
stronger and more responsible govern
ment. Inequalities of fortune and eta
tion will be cheerfully borne, if sustained
by a faith In the justice and impartiality
of Intention In the government and Its
power to carry that intention intoeffect.
It is tho reverse of this belief which pro
duces revolution
Tho whole history of modern repre
sentative government shown that de
spotism of a legislature leads through
anarchy to a despotism of the executive.
The Long Parliament landed Englaud in
the hands of (;romwell. . ibe National
assembly at tho convention In France
did the same work for Napoleon; aud
though the Third Republic has preserved
isjocs for a ouartor of a century, tho de
spotism of the legislature points strong
ly towards a similar result. Now despot-
sm of tho legislature is the most marked
characlistic of the governniont, not only
of the Union, but of the several states.
1 he executive has been reduced to be its
mere instrument, and the judiciary is
fast following the same road. If we ex
pect to escape the proved consequences,
it must be by a restoration of the bal
ance of power. Tho executive alone rep
resents the whole nation or state, while
the legislature represent only so many
fractions, all of equal weight and does
its work by bargaining and log rolling.
The executive alone represents the ad
ministration of the government, whereas
tho legislature is in no way responsible
for It, and regards law-making only as
au instrument of party success. The ex
ecutive should have the earns power of
addressing its constituents that mem
bers of congresH have. As responsible
for administration it should have the
power of publicly proposing and defend
ing measures which it thinks necessary
for the public welfare, and of criticizing
aud opposing those which it believes to
be Injurious. l$y taking the lead in all
questions of public importance it would
provide or public and continuous de
bate from the opening of the session,
thus informing the whole nation both as
to the merits of the questions and the
character and motives of the individuals
advocating or opposing them; instead of
leuvmg them to be settled by secret in
trigue in the committee room, with en
tire iguorance on the part of the public
both as to measures and men. In our
single executive bead, i'reeident or Gov
ernor, elected periodically by the whole
people, we havetli8 finest instrument of
government in the world, but we lose al
most the whole benefit of it through the
grasping and unchecked ambition of the
legislature. Sucli an executive propos
ing and conducting plana of government
in the interest of the whole people and
subject to the criticism and the veto of a
watchful legislature would soon place o
in the front rank ot uationa. This i
what the Englishman, Mr, liagebot,
meant when be enid that "if the New
F.ugland stab a a separate nation bad
cabinet government, they would baa
renowned in 'he world lor politleal sa
gacity as they now arc for diffused
There are now two subject prwuing
upon us which ean be ttim tu this way
and no othr, the tariff and Ihecurrwiicy,
At preaeut tby are the football ol dia
rordant and eonnVting Internet, no one
of whh-h will tiatva lor a moment to tha
argument ol the lui-r, while the whole
euustry look on in hnlNM bwilder
NMat. II tbeexvcntlve lor Ibe liui t.
ing wr tu ub not a dettuitw plan, pre
pared by adiuiniiraUva inm, and
not by amateur eowinMaloo. and it
that srbM" wr ubmittd to an
biliv oVtutU aliK'tt would briMii lb
troegval mind to th lop, and aroa
h nihuiaia ol the country, live ytr
ul inwrnuxliftta WtfioUuvviaaelioa would
l Mora than ll at.
la Ik its t4 ltira, lsl, a rr
irt tu tha failed tw etaatx, mt
nauiaiuuly Kv Uht wnatiera wl both
part, HomMtnibt that tha inwtubef
11I th eliul houKI baa adaitMiun a
tlAtrt df Iu both fcouwn lth lb
raht (4 tatm part la 4baU ! t
nttnuf qitatua ratia tu thr
oVrtU. and pttif I4mI ! th nww
ary haeM',a in tb taU. I hi tHirt
ba nfr rii a ni.t n-u atuniMia
nut U-easaa tt d-d st df f il, it b
roaarwM m lwiri v th 4f la
it aturpaMon ul Mtr, t h IM ii
kaaft will h taka nha th Mitlif
n4t44 (hat Ur Nm Ita km
rpratw br , that bi4f
w Hi4iti p hi ila4uui la lh
"I eiWrau!" Na4 J8t la hm "Naiwi
a iratat, K dt prnliaJima
ttVtia4 u Mia4 I'm.
What North Carolina's Delegation
in Congress Has Accom
plished for the People.
Senator Butler Has Stood Success
fully Against Great Odds
in the Senate.
Wlint Thry Have Done,
Hon, L. Af. Whito, in an article In a
recent issue of the Caucasian, describes
tho meeting at Clinton, N. C,
tho following on Congressman
aud has
speech and the record of the
from that state in congress:
Mr. I'owler in introducing Senator
Hutlor leforred to some of the fine work
which he bad done during tho brief time
be has been in the Hen ate, and also
culled attention to the fact that the ma
chine, jtress aud tho gold monopoly or
gans in the State had refused to givs
him credit for the same, or to even make
a note of It when thoy could avoid doing
so. Hut he said that there was one pub
lication which showed no discrimination
and whore thu people could find the
official facts, and that was the Congro
sional Hecofd. 1 Ills has caused me to
use some of my spare time In examining
this impartial Journal. 1 find many im
portaut things in it that the public has
not learned ol through tho newspapers
I ask for space in your columns to refer
to some of these.
Congressman I'owler referred to how
every, few months Cleveland was issuing
a oaten oi government bonds, when
this state sent Marion Duller to Wash
ington as the youngest senator in the
United Ntates senate, and bow, in less
than thirty days, he introduced a bill to
prohibit the further issuance of bonds.
and how for three or four months he
pressed it and fought for it vigorously
and at last succeeded In passing the bill
tnrougn the senate, while no other sen
ator in either one of t he old oarties had
ever ofWed such a bill or attempted to
do anythiny to prevent these bond Is
Attention was also called to his efforts
mid bill to cut off the big mail subsidies
that are each year being voted So rail
roads us a free gift, also to reduce tho
enormous price which the government is
paying these railroad for carrying the
mans, ana bostuoe to stop the parrnent
each year to the railroads for the rent
of postal cars twice as much as it would
cost to build the cars. No one else had
ever called attention to these big steals
or attempted to stop them.
Attention was also called to Senator
iiu tier's amendment to reduce the ar
mor plate for our vessels from I4.ri0 to
f 300 per tou, and also to his exposition
oi the lact mat the armor plate trust
had been putting off inferior defective
armor plate upon the government at
this enormous price, and also to his
further amendment providing for the
building of a government plant factory
f the armor plate trust did not agree to
furnish armor at that price, lie forced
these amendments through congress,
aud at this very hour the government is
taking action in accordance therewith.
This one amendment means a saving of
over one million dollar to the govern
ment on the three battleships now under
In addition to these things to which
Congressman Fowler relerred, I find
that there is much more that Senator
Uutler has done In the short space of
two years, and in fact Mr, Fowler could
not have rehearsed hi proud and r
markabte record in tho short time for
an Introductory apeet-n.
1 wish to ak space at this time to re
fer to some of (be other meaauroa Intro
duoxd by Sun a tor Uutler, aud tha work
done by biin as given by the Congress
ional liecord.
I find that he introduced an amend,
meat to the postottle appropriation
bill, making an appropriation ol ttlly
thousand dollar and directing th hmi.-mntr-Knral
to ut it in making ex
wrlninu in lr mull delivery in th
emiutrv a thwcity popl now bar it
tnm, 'f hi waa dun in th Oral ion
ol th Fill f-lourth eiiugwwt; thipert
nmat wa mads in several diffiavnt loealt
tie in tnal'aitwt 8tt, bat th ptit
matrgnral tatormwl th last mg
ra that b bad not Un abb in rota
pli th iHiuai unVirntty lor him
to wak a rtouniirnUtMta to rungr.
Whereupon atnr ik-r ftn tin! aa
uihr ai""pritim ol Ally hoMnd
dollar dun; th la ww-ni t fon
r lueoatiao lh eii"""!, la
hut & apiriik4 tin mn iat
bhti4 tkal lh HitrMHat tda
pat lor d4iriaj th taati tu
m in la lt nilMi lr ! chars at bm
4iK, aKii is mia ia th eutrr, b-
tHat iKim t In lhr or liar nul, it
nut aft, Iruat lh pMttttti, t lew4
tt iup b wurk and a lor bi ta ut ut
lla it Im at li nfflt nnid b
14 tint MlftlL. l hott bli Mwb
! aa bml In lb laraMr by lrt
tf Sia la lb hi xttawumly in
aiaay fai buara ur b:t a
4r'liMluirlbr ta a b la
St bi iMii, hu lit gif f atat ut I
t nv Ur al a t wnU nt (a4
lhr ar ph-aly 4 lha Mi wa IS
Urat! .i Uh s4 hum war piiirh
a Ma a H arrts aa4 Mir lint
In lh 4i (ti tvf Mirta 4 lh
ift, aa4 bt4a Ink sp bt s4 a4
vat It bh tt h wftK, lit sbua4
that this would tiot cost tho government
one-iouriii as much as we now spend
each year for pensions, and that it
would be a convenience and a blessing
huh every single individual in the ooun
try would enjoy and share equally in
ill-side it would incrouso tha amount
of mail and therefore increase the re
ceipts of the postolllce department, In
concluding, lie said: "Let us have free
delivery for tha people in the country
and villages or else stop free delivery iu
the cities, because every man iu the city
is near enough to get his mail in a few
minutes walk." h
(Continued on Fifth l'age.)
Klondikt Food Supply is Running Vsry
. ' Low,
Adventurers returning from Klondyko
report the supply ol food running very
low. Tho mines will not bo as product
Ivo as they should be on this account
Kerosene is f 15 per gallon and candles
fl HO. 00 per hundred. The shortage of
lights will prevent much work in tho
mines until supplies can arrive next
summer. Temperature was 70 degrees
below f.wo on Novemtwr aoth.
A meeting was held to apportion the
supply of food -the people holding that
those who had plenty must divide with
the destitute. The police interfered In
behalf of the provident.
Wire Combination Trying to Interest tbs
Ther Is talk among the steel men of a
further extension of the soopo of the new
wire trust. It is now said that efforts
will be made to induce all the steel billet
mills In tho country to ally themselves
with the trust, not as members, but as
contributors. The trust will seek to in
duce the manufacturer of billets to
promise, not to sell tu wire iiianulaet
ureJs that they may possibly start out
side of tho trust, and in return the trust
will promise to take billets from all these
manufacturers as it may need them, 'J ho
object is to keep tho billet makers in good
humor aud prevent their going iuto the
wire business themselves, Those who
are closest to the sources of iuformitlon
express the utmost confidence iu the
carrying through of the plan for the
formation, of the, trust and It may be
suld that all the negotiations are pro
gressing favorably.
Tby Should Settl With 8uccaaiors In
Actual Cash,
Auditor Cornell and tils assistants aro
busy with the settlement of the accounts
of the outgoing couuty treasurers.
Fifty-throe couuty treasurers will go
out of olflco next year, and the accounts
of all of these as well of those who suc
ceed themselves are being carefully ad-
The auditor bos sent the following ad
vice to outgoing treasurers:
"As you go out of office this year it is
necessary that the transfer to your suc
cessor be made so complote that you
and your bondsmen will be relieved from
annoyance and possible loss iu the fut
ure. There is no way you can do thi
but by counting out the actual cash for
all money in your hands except what is
n me depository banks, whose bonds
are In fores at the tlmo the transfer la
The supreme court has said that cer
tificates of deposit, checks, etc, are not
money and will not release tha retiring
treasurer, should they lor any reason
not be realized upon. I make this sug
gestion as the court's opinion in ths
Mill case ia not fully understood by
rUibuatartng 8hip Lasvaa Nsw
Loadsd With Supplies,
Nw York, Iee, 2.1. Tha l're aays:
During th thick tog of the early moro
ing of lat Saturday th chaonr
Jauiiw M. ilaskeli ekippwd quietly from
ita pier fastening ia the 1,'rkt basin,
nrnd it no toward lb ba, vadd
th custom otfierr and aadr the niaatl
ol lb fog bt-gaa It fourth fllibutring
iptfditiua to Cuba. Tu Jame U. II-
kn in vi oi it rtat wrlormu' la
r.iiU4 witn wing tu laatewt and hhm
uniilu!ly Managed nlibusUrmg
m -booat f ailiiat
Halt last I rip. twgan on Saturday
tHiirntsg. il farri4 gram and pntiiia
tlly. It rWafn papr r4, a
aual. Ir I tiarlMilua, K. t . la II bald
It rnrm-4 .Vhi.ihmi ruudi4 aamtiniMoa
and V.tHHlr.iW. Th vartn m-r
eaMattjr n i In bal4 hay, lh ri;t
lit Imi ill th iwirtat ktadisi
w 4i t aitfbl. IKitM and 4n
4 b He matt I ''rata. appl'' wvr
rri-i tia Wi4l a if lhy tilai.
t aNi i-rKi i4 4. it U
aid, th) MHiln th tiM ilaariu
4ibmiiIk t thiuar llhU was
ttetiy a t.iia Imal. It rw t
tHtMMt ntMiy tiiriaa, tt It
pUia aaat ui4 not b ar tia4
Joba .t4t a a lt 1brdr rua
w4 id lh awjrdr 4 HHaut a!e
Ka4, aial 4 tb II if
S her, hi lb blb , m t i
lat a4 n4ff thia h ruarl
i Mb b4 ti lUrvb t Mil, a
liMsith stMt tuiirt i b 1 att4
aui la lb stiiM it4uM,
How One Teaching as Christ
Taught Would bo Be
celvod Today.
Less Roststanoo to the Encroach
raents ofWalth Today
Than Ever Dofore,
Christ Would It Vailed an Anarchist
Walter Clark, of the supreme bench of
North Carolina lias the following In
"Now Time" for December,
Kvery ago has lis seclal vices as well
us its apodal religious development,
The past centuries were ofteu marked by
great, lume. and sometimes great for
tunes acauirod bv military triumph
Hut there at least was this rsdeeming
icauire mat me uespouers had the man
hood to risk their lives and persons on
the battlellnld. This ago is marked by
me accumulation oi still vaster fortunes,
but it is dons without tstrsonal risk
without heroism, by the wholesale denrl
vation and spoliation of the musses of
the people the creators of th is wealth
In the Interest of a few combinations
of capital,
Uo you think that if Christ cnmo to
day lis would be better received in this
so-called Christian age and laud than lie
was la Judea nineteen centuries ago?
iiememuer that lie was a carpenter au:
if is opostlos were poor laborers and
fishermen. Suppose some obscure car
penter, la this (Jar and generation, ac
companied by such companions, should
go about ths country denouncing tho
wmj.-i inn in mil rivii nun corruption III
high places: suppose lis should sav that
salvation could only bs had by bailor.
ing in him and that it was more possible
for a camel to puss through the eve oi a
neoillii than for a rich man to enter the
kingdom of God; suppose such a one
should enter your rich churches, where
tne preacher, reclining on soft cushions.
offers lucense and adulation to the mil
lionaire bond holders, gorged with the
wealth they have Illegally wrung from
the People, and with hi krmi t,-il nnnl
should scourge thosa ministers and
those worshippers of Mammon froln
those temples erected to (Jod, how
would he fare? Suppose he should
teach ths naked gospel as Christ tumtht
it, tnnt wealth comers no privileges, but
impose great auties and responsibilities.
Suppose further that when these men
who daily rob a whole people of their
just earnings snail be wont to give
nuuared dollars hero, a thousand von
dor, a million to this hospital, two mil
lion to yonder college, and every time
they thus give back a small part of
their stealings they should cause .every
newspaper in ths laud to proclaim
their magnificent generosity, and that
this obscure carpenter, with his bare-
looted followers, should denounce such
hypocrites, as be of Nazareth did those
In his day, who, in like manner, when
they gave their alma, had a trumpet
mown Doiore morn; ana suppose that ob
scure man who waa no respecter of per
sons had aroused their fears as well as
their hat by his miracles, which should
cauee the common people to hear him
gladly, and what, I ask, would this gen
oration do to such a man? If It did not
crucify him, it would bs only because of
the influence of bis teachings, which in
the lapse of nineteen centuries have
given the masses a power they did not
have in Judea. lbs millionaries and
their t :ols, ths preachers that worship
them; ths papera, whether church or
secular, that defy thorn, aud all ths
other followers of Mammon would hate
Christ, as those other rich men hated
Mini in th coasts of Jordan and tJall.
Ie nineteen centurion ago and a they
today really hat everyone who truly
teaches Ilia sayiitg in their purity. If
the rich syndicates and truata other
robbers ol tbs iieopleof this day and
tneir toadtea and bnuencariea wer uot
.... . w
allowsd to crucify I hrist they would wish
to do it. Tbsy would sun I bale blm
into prison and denounc liim and 111
followers a anarcblat. socialist, aud
com mutual.
U thi not tru, men and brethren?
If (brit cams today, a bo would r
civ. and who would crucify lltin?
Ilavayou ever thought about it? Ths
pur iitiudiHl litll children would r-
immv Him. They did ao wba II cam
auietvea tatart ago.
Oar Hpl ar tM-iug robWd by bol
al. Tbr do not rwiv th iut t
ward ol Ibmr labors. They ar twlng
auiwrutKi aa4 kpt is want wbii a
low nin by trii'b and eoatbtuattuo ar
gathertui la llHatl tb earaiug ol
a rntit-ut. lihu tuaay Miinilt,
bow tuaay la lia rhurb tnHitir,
bow Mtany barrb atltr ar Uvrnms.
i4 tu hilM and th a mag a lh
Mi-r lt, a-l it i still wrtita la IU
word loa Man la bl ar puraaieg
an Mppiwii tir? ea t.nm no
ataa. 11 aacb wa'a nma-tn aa-
r bii,
arb aJ buiurr a4 o will lad
so a abea lb flUry 4 lb jul
ara-ss i4 lb mn wa ! r-I!!-,
aiot liaiM!M and H rii4
than l-Ur, l'h ar a Hw
ha lh uhip u gfwit ra-b, b
r ba4'- H4lr-l, waa niia
lhaa no, fthtl lb par la htt
uMit4 nub lh laftattda iMva
lh aatnaiil, sail I riun l as4 dah
Ibat a ro4 abat Itiat, iat ns
br. aa-t ain- thiMH, a til i-, aty
I vit ar ! 4-n lit lb fail 4, a4 lby f a as 'btt th
U.U tt Ual." WbMi a4
JMbaa r-ta;b4 Aama wub bf
duct, he laid the fault on the people and
said that to please them he had thrown
the gold ornaments Into the fire and
"thore had nniii in Hilu unit " lm..i
L - 'uw r.,,
ik wiiis u was accuieii tan though
id not dare to snv nl. mwl tl..i Im
was In no wise responsible. So in this
country, In which ths public opinion of
today, they who like Aaron do not en
lighten it, but on tho contrary, without
resiB'atieeto the robbery of thopeoplo,
bow down to those who have taken
away their oarniugs, in effect any with
the Idolaters of old, "Ws did not do it;
we merely cast the gold Into tho fire," or
permitted it to bo done, "and then there
camo out this calf;" hence we ars not to
blame for worshipping it. For my part,
1 believe that something mors is re
quired, and that resistance to wrong is
obedleiioe to (Jod.
Failures Mors Frsqusnt In Savings Banks
Than Others.
The report of the comptroller of the
currency to July lu7,bowe an increase
of bank failure for the year, asoom-,
pared with the year preceding, liurlng
the twelve months ending July 1, IMUU,
tho percentage of banks failed to ths
totulnumber of banks was 1.00 percent,
and of savings banks 1,18 per cent.
During ths year ending July 1.1HU7,
the lust report gives the number of
banks and failure as national banks In
existence, 11,01!) failures, UH; per cent,
IA)T), State band trust com
panies ia existence 4,009; (all
ures CO; per cent,, 1.J10. Sav
ings bunks In existence, l,'21H; failures.
IU; percent 1.40. l'rlvats banks and
bunkers, In existence, Si,H2(; failures, 47;
percent, l.U.'J. , , .
Thus It is seen that a greater per cent,
of auvlrlg banks full than of any other
class, notwithstanding tho tact that
these institutions have a greater per
cent of their business with ths poor than
any other banks and should bo made all
the mors solid and sure of safety to
their depositors.
$400,000 FAILURE,
Kraf. Reynolds Company of Indianapolis
Oo Undsr, , ,?.,
Tho great prosperity wave has alairnod
another victim. The Krug-Rcynolds
Co., of Indianapolis, lad., wholesale gro.
cers, failed last Monday for over S-'i50,-
oou. J be company was unable to meet
its various mortgage Indebtedness and
was forced tu assun, ..The great wave -was
too much for It,
Tomorrow Nigbt at is O'clock it
comes "Greater" Nsw York.
When ths bells toll for the death of
1HV7 and ring merrily over tbs birtb of
another year, they will be ringing with
an unusually significant purpose in tbe
greatcity,for with the last stroks of mid
night on December II I dies the city of
New York, and Is born the Greater New
York. It has been decided to bold a
"wake" ever tha remains of Father
Knickerbocker's city, although soms
have protested against tbe use of tbe
term as signifying that Now York Is to
die, while as a mutter of fact it is to
live, with additional Importance aud
power. The celebration will take the
form of a mass meeting of representative
citizens of New York and Brooklyn.
which meeting is to bs addressed by
three chosen orators wbo will recite the
history of tbe city from its early stages
to the present day, each orator e speech
dealing with a section of ths period and
bia successor taking up the recital where
he leaves off.
Ths eiieecu of ths orator who ia to
bring the recital to date and wind up
ths oration will be replete with facts of
interest to ths patriotic Amerioan. lie
will show the citiiena that on January
tmerica will potatoes ths second larg
est city in the world as regards popula
tion, the vast city of London alone sx
ooeding her in ths number of Inhabi-
tanta. Tbs New York ol will com
prise an area ol 11M.H00 acre, or
aquars miles, thus making it the largaat
la the world, so far aa extant of terri
tory la .concerned, Ixmdoa having but
74,U7y acre. And bow much better oft
are ths resident a of the Ureatsr Nsw
'Do whr money la if you want to
utak rnouKV," aaye ths wise man of
buaiue. That twins: interpreted mean
go to New York, and ao tha uatkiaa of
lh urth flock to th atrn gataway
of America. Tuv And bur a city that
II haotfT&,lNHi,iMHa year to main
tain In th pat. and during tbs lour
yar tilth nw mayor' mining rat
will ncilau aa outlay ol Hhi.iKM),,
KHi. lb uioay baa bwa wil apat.
(or It baa gua Iu tbs rtiuaa l.uoi
mil ul paved trwU, l.l&tl mil of
mbtM ?, a daily wir supply of
fi;ui.iiiMi,tMM gtlloa, , ft sT a-r uf
uhliw parka and pUnnr ground.
athuule that ot iS.tMM.tunl 9
maialaia, a4 th lr-l HiiH aa4 nrw
partiaata uf aaf any la lh worul.
lb gigaatw gruwlb d tbgrair ally
a b iiat4 by lb wy la whma
iniiura ar a4 l a( W lb gra bati4
la thai rr thr b4 it th y
li iiratr ith. lh iira-
Una aasab l Vi.issi.omi M
a a 4. til lh ilt , th aiaoaal t taf s
lirii4 I hfMMjia lh teari4 boa
la orb ih p day e
id hwh hw via IihiI ap ti
h imim lalal 4 !M,thHI,lKat, m tt
atat at lt"fiisi riMtarM. aa
aatuaat doable thai i4 ail lb aibf
tti4 ia Uw toib, t Mia th
arwajl 4it mI th tiatr Sm l'nr
ihr aitt Iwrartani by - grfhaa4
Iraaiu t aa t aiHd ewl. m
thaaJ til kifviaa bi thai rp
MM talw e4 tuiwJillHULiHMi aJ
tbaf al awpt hit mut ! it
b harbor vwaM atM tb sbip iaf b