The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902, December 23, 1897, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    she
f
The Wealth Makers and Lincoln Independent Consolidated. fRiLJ CT3 )
VOL. IX. ' J LINCOLN, NEBR., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 33, 1897. i - ., ; : T NQ
1 '
ft . at.
larH
f
FAVOR POSTAL
BANKS
Pubiifl Sentiment Everywhere in
Fayor of Their Immediate
; EstAbllehment.
SENATOR : BUTLER'S BILL.
It Advantage! Over the Chloago
Record Bill Introduced by
Senator Mason.
President McKlnley's Position.
Tbe question of the establiahmont of
postal savings banks U-one tbat will be
debated durin tM,. present session of
Congress, amtrnaity utd,vocatos of this
ystem for enoouri&ieiUcople ' mall
mean to save inotymtf,tliii of emer
gency tt'e.finfllHn;ttiat a bill embrac
ing tbetflaflii featurVlifsuch Institutions
elsewhere will be petl bifore the close
of the FiHv-Ufth CouiecssV
I'ostmnsW Gene Gary bus Indors
ed the idea Vjf tbe fteip of postal sav
ing bankaiia strongly as "possible, and
iu Ilia annual report tinsVered such ob-
ieotionato UMENltU'lialitMnt aa have
5s
boon advancirMJori sector in ous
the largest,?
AhJi of Il-iHl-
ore for the m
pa
iy years, Mr.
euurv bromrht to t,
if" t)j"Ct tbe ax purl
ft x .'otiusideratiou of
enee moat needed ii
this question But
. failed to en
dorae the project in
usage to Con-
greaa, although tbe
later Genoral
rued him to do bo
failure to en-
tfOria
IS-
(dftydorne tbe achenie was
iny antagonism to
noCthe result of
the'-project, It la
. .'resident thought tbe aubjeot should be
further conaidered before acted upon.
Hi failure to speak on thesubject, there
fore, does not deter advocates of the
measure from going ahead with con
fidence, and their belief la tbat Mr. Mo
Kinley would not vstoOTpostal savings
. bank bill If passed by Congress. They
Y regard one of the closing urngraphs of
tbe President's message ajfyull explan
ation of his failure to pudrse postal
ewinge banks, that paragraph being aa
tbe l1rth of this
many Imr tant refor
ms gov, wieut wim
II haaa tJlk,a ar thu
PJk r wsslou. They areiJllj"y iscussed
llfij .departmental rctxfrtaVUo ail of
w hi eli I invite your earnest attention."
Since 1883 there have been introduced
in Congress about twenty bills for tbe
establishment of postal savings banks.
Kariy in tbe last extra session of Con
greesHenator Mar-ion Ilutlor of North
Carolina Introduced a bill of this char
acter containing many new features,
which he believes would adapt the sys
tem to tbe pesuliar needs of thla coun
try. Senator Mason of Illinois, an
ardent advocated postal savings banks,
introduced In the Senate a bill for their
establishment, known as the Chicago
Itucord bill. During tbe extra session
last spring Mr. Butler's bill was referred
to the rWiuie committee on postofllces
and post roads, of which be is a member.
The committee referred the bill to tbe
Postmaster General, requesting him to
examine it and to return it to the Sen
ate, with such recommendations as be
thought proper. Although he has in
dorsed the project generally, he has not
yet made specific recommendations re
garding Mr. Butler's bill.
Last Monday Mr. Butler offered a
flight amendment to his bill in the Hen
ate in order to get it before that body
for considration. In presenting bis
amendment Mr. Butler said in part:
"While the Peoples Party has from its
birtb advocated the establishment of
postal banks, and is the only party
that has ever declared for them in its
national platform, yet they are today
advocated by many prominent men in
nil fmrtle. The pomilar demand for
them hasgrowa until it Is no longer a
party question.
Seldom, if ever, has there been greater
1opular interest manifested than tote
mn evidenced during the post summer
and (all for the establishment of n sys
tem of postal saving banks. Tli propo
sitiou has lewn discusMid by the press
from one end of the con u try to the
other, and I think it is safe to say that
uiue-teuths of the press, If not a larger
wfeeut, heartily btvor the proportion.
; have noticed carvfully for the olijeo
lion ralMid against I lie system. N -
snrily thy ara few, and neeiHHiarily
they ars ba kd mors slth opinions and
aMt-rtioiia than lth arguments and
fads.
Tlis i.lii.i'tlmts , as a rule, from a
tvrtain rlass of basket who ars inter
tt parlNs and I rum a wtain class of
nioMtutrt Bourbons, a bo ipmmm every
lp toward progr and every roftirui,
no matter bow foot tin ad a his, 1 he lot.
losing ars lti otjMllons ahUk have
mis uBilff ntf ol-Mff stiia :
1.1. That HMtal savings bsaks
smark toa latiik ! paUraaliam. la
atsr to Ibis as call alUaiiwa loth
tart that lb roatorttft lttarlirtBt M
ltvruslim, asd that from suet, iu.
ffnaliaut tkr ta atit uulf at bsrm. but,
mi ins Otr kuJ, aa ia'luUti bn
flt that rtiMtd att sir4 tttrouss
firli ate a tr ), ()irH4rt.t II 1 m
a smhwtrv evil, asd ill stluS
liasks, ik tW ISMtirt taf tite-al.
la vwarttf paUraslMiia, tsv kirst if
gfatat alt slia, 1 fa ly
i4rtia ts, tar k'l K agai
,il gotufanoal Im etlti.t) lo ll
ait gMH i tk urattt auatli!
.tk-. atttds, mUwk ars Hr tsa
iti.a l r govv'satwat es t ahWk tr
I rs' at pr f
a tkia rsrtii I Vk ! tplat
fruss Ik argaatvat la favof of tal
. iftTowa:
H i am Jarced by
m,age to omit
. earv 10 anairs 01.
aavings banks made by the Postmaster
General in hie last annual report. Iu
the reply to tbe objection of paternalism
be eaye:
"Other opponents cry "paternallem."
All government Is mora or leaa paternal,
in that it takea care of tbe Interests of
tbe people, Carrying the mails, exclud
ing disease-Infected veesels from tbe har
bors of trade and commerce, preserving
the peace, providing for publio educa
tion, subsidising agricultural colleges,
maintaing agricultural stations, and
making Weather Bureau predictlona, are
all of them paternalistic,
Second. The second objection which I
have noticed ia tbat If postal savings
banks should be established, . that it
would be a step iu the direction of tba
Government operating tbe telegraph and
other natural monopolies aa public funo
tloua. In reply to this alleged objection
we say: That it is an admission that
postal aavings banks would work suc
cessfully and bs popular, and tbat their
successful operatlou would be a strong
argument for other reform along tbe
same line. Thla Is an objection only
with the monopolists. It la a strong
argument In favor of the system with
ninety-nine citizens out of every hundred.
Third. That the Government ought
to go out of the banking business, and
that postal aavings banks would put
the Government a etep further into the
banking business, la reply to this ob
jection we say. Tbat none exwpt those
who want to control the natlou'e mon
ey and use this powerful Instrument of
commerce us a means to force the whole
producing world to pay tribute to the
money changers cau consider this an
objection. With all who stand on the
money question wbers Jefferson, Jack
son and Lincoln stood. It is a strong
argument iu favor of postal aavings
banks,
Fourth. That the money collected
through the 'savings banks scattered
over tbe country would be concentrated
and boarded at Washington, and thus
cause a contraction and congestion of
tbe currency. In reply to this objection,
we call attention to the fact that my
bill now pending before Congress amply
provides against any such danger or
contingency, and it might be stated In
addition that those who have made this
objection, as fur as my observation goes
are those who have been striving ro
contract and congest tbe currency of tbe
country for the last thirty years. They
want the money deposited In private and
corporate banks in order tbat they may
congest it at will. A proper postal sav
ings bank system, like the one my bill
would establish, will to no small degrt e
prevent the very evils which national
banks have been producing.
In this connection 1 quota again from
the report of the Postmaster General
answering the same objection:
"Some affect to see tba spectra of
centralization in ths postal-savings sys
tem. It is true that it ofstratea directly
to centralize capital, but only tbat it
may be redistributed and thua put to
use."
In another part of this admirable
argumen, referring; to tbe same objec
tion, he says:
"It Is claimed that it would take mon
ey out of communities already suffering
for want of currency. On the contrary
it would gather together the money oow
hidden and Idle in every community, and
enable each of them to get tbe use In
bulk, at the shortest possible notice of
all the reserve capital in the community.
While tbe funds thus gathered from the
community would prohaby be sent to
the financial centers, they would be re.
turned through safe and proper channels
to move the crops and to perform their
other customary duties."
Fifth. The & objoction 1 have noticed
during the past summer is, that private
enterprise cun furnish all of tba saving
bunks necessary. In answer to this ob
jection we call attention to the fact that
in all the twelve Northern, Kaetern, and
Middle States, where population is den
sest and where private savings banks
are greater in numletr, there are today
only (ViO mutual savings banks and 110
commercial saving banks, 700 saving
banks in all, covering a population of
over thirty millions of oeople, which
averages one savings bank to evory 40,-
000 people.
In those 12 states there are 5,7'J0
money-order postofllces where there ars
no savings banks of any kind. Surely
the ieople in these States need postal
saving bank. Iu the l.'l southern
States tin re are only 'J mutual savings
banks (which ars tlis only Mai savings
banks) and 110 commercial snviugs
banks (which ran hardly I called sav
ings bauks) M'J in all, eoveriu a popu
lation of IN.OOO.OOO woplt. Tilers
are III these States fl.PHO tiioiiey-ordr
oilier where there are no savings banks
of any kind. And in the PI Western
States titers are ou ly 7 mutual saviugs
bauks and 4M eoiumerelul banks inak
lug 4 'J 7 In all, covering a population of
Over ilJ.tMHI.tMMI people, Tbefa ar In
1 lie taixa l,77l money .order oitkvs
ahrrs lher ars no saving bank of any
kind. The IVine Mate have y mu
tual aving liank, iVI rommervial sav
lea bank, 70 la ail, eoveriug a popu
lattoa ol a tssi.iMHi. Ther are iu Ihes
I Strttr Ml 'J Mloui ordef ultlcnt kr
titers ar no eavieas bask at all.
Iih..rl, Ilia il l Houtaera, VVtr
aad I'atMtls Mates kat aHoUe oly
fioti ea lag bank, tivriag a Mpula
lloa ol Mer A J.IMM.WHI m.!, or oa
4ies bek to M.IMS) population.
Not oa ia A kumln.l t.l thwa ptopk
d.i or v4 i. .a in sty of tti v-
IMS bask. Would tkt l l
(I Ihrfe art (HMilai savia bask al
vefV ill Htoar of'br oHHk I
Ureal ilrl'aia, a her postal savtugs
laiik k toes' I'm a la te.rva!l o.
alios, in. rt.n out i.t every iktit
ih.ir Miu!.iiioa ka lfi et bask
arvoust, 1 kal is sailj s 4 MMior
litf tf f tulvf,
Nkall a a) fitly )r, of oas ksa
iliesl tears, t vm tkoaaaad jrears, aa-
(t.lMel oa I e klk 1'a,
CHANDLER'S LETTER
The Eepublioan Party Doea JSot
Dare to Enact FlnanoUl
Legislation.
CRITICISES SECRETARY GAGE
Cannot Retire the Greenbaoka
More Probability of their
Inoreaee,
Ilsneuiina Ilia Oold Mtaadard Lsagus.
Senator William E, Chandler, a repub
lican senator from Nswhampshlrs, has
written a letter to the Washington Post
In which he severely criticises Secretary
Gage, the gold standard leugue, and the
self constituted monetary commission.
Uedeolarea that if the republican party
expects to win In the next elections It
must not tamper with tbs financial
problem. Tbe present session should
merely pass the appropriation bills, take
cart of Hawaii and Cuba, and adjourn
aa early aa May,
In hla letter Senator Chandler aays:
"If the secretary of the treasury and
hla gold standard associates will cease
their demand for Impossible currency
legislation congress will pass the neces
sary appropriation bills and probably
take care of Hawaii and Cuba. There
will not be a serious party division dur
ing the session, and there will bn an ad
journment iu May. Business will revive,
tbe treasury receipts will equal tbe ex
penditures, tbe balance of trade will con
tinue in our favor and the republican
party will, in November, 1808, elect a
majority of tbe house in the fifty-fifth
congress, ' , .
"Ou tbe other hand, If Secretary Oage
continues to press on congress a bill, tbe
..I I L b.l.l..U I.. I. ' l,lm A -
Mlffl'Ub Ul WI1IMU lie MJi ie , ft IIMVt W V,l.-
mlt the country more thoroughly to the
gold standard,1, and the immediate effect
of which' ki.jW' throw doubt upooHhe
sincerity of t(ie prtsident'a declaration
In favor of eon tinned efforte to secure;
bimetallism, 0 political turmoil wilt arise
In congress which will split the now
united republicans Into fragments, while
it will unite and console the now incou'
grnotis opposition. It is not feasible to
retire the greenbacks; there Is more
probability that a bill will be sent to tbe
president to increase their amount.
"It Is not possible to secure the pas
sage through either house of a bill mak
ing tbe greenbacks Into gold notes or
authorizing bonds payable in gold. The
effort to do either thing will probably
result In the passage of a bill for the re
demption of the greenbacks in ailver dob
lure, and for the payment of all United
States bonds in gold or ailver coin, at
the discretion of tbe president, who will
bo commanded to exrrcise hie option for
the advantage of the government and
not for the advantage of tbe creditor.
With such an uproar in congress as
these proceedings will create, with west
ern congressmen embroiled therein, with
vetoes as threatened by Secretary Gage,
under angry discussion, it will happen
that all business enterprises and funds
and stocks will be disturbed, prices will
full, insolvencies will Increase, and the
republicans will lose the congressional
elections in 18U8, as they did in 1800,
and beyond the hope of a favorable
action in 1000, at which time, therefore,
a Brj unite democratic president and
co n if reus will be chosen.
"Whether we lire to have one of these
results political safety, or the other,
political destruction depends entirely
upon the coursa to be pursued by Secre
tary Gage and those who bis pressing
him forward, namely, the gold standard
league of New York and the self consti
tuted national monetary conference.
"How much Secretary flags cares for
the republican party is not known.
Whether Preeldent MoKinley, wbosegood
faith toward bimetallism is coming to
the test, will stop his secretary In bis in
snna career is not known. It is to be
hoied be will. But no political altua
lion baa tssm cleami tban the present to
sound eyes since the republican party
began its marvelous career forty-two
years ago. There ars times for all
things. There is a time to move and a
tune lo keep still, and now is the time
to so keep,
"It Is simply political suicide for ths
republican partv Iu this eongree to
atjlrmatively oeu Hi diciiioii of ths
money quest lou. Wa ought to await
the progr of International bimetal
llsm, the advtat ol proerlty, and the
fllliugof the treasury by tbs normal
wort lugs soon to Is seen ol the Sew
tariff law, Shall as wait lor Id thing
or rnh oi to sell destruetioti? I'ra
deal Mi k. i u ley niuat ib'M. Will b a-t
for hi ioitl or lor bis idutot rat?
IjHia bi aaswsr aill dewnt tbs swats
ol sua.
Ie, t, IMI7,
Wu, 1h Cum mi. a.
KCKLKs ON H)TAU HANK
Tk CwwpwPf at tba Cuitsaty TM
t IbM IvMStt
t oMiplrulter id lha t urreay, Jsais I),
I tkeU, labia aauual rpoit, gav anok
roailralie to pMital aaviag baaks,
la itrW ta brtsa; all tba ttf atatloa aa
iwue. -l llrs tsa aiemlwra ol eoag
re, b rHirteoalaas lb l aglteli
Mtl ! bask law aa-t sat tbs
giuaik ol lb svtiem la feakte
.,11 l IU la. t tbat Ik rate 4 lalrt
ia bat seal as! tba latseat uf
luads vaia maiali Im gotevaaieat se
curities. There were 0,453,507 deposi
tors In the Great Britain postal savings
banks at the close of 1805, and 00 per
cent of these belonged to tbat class
whose deposits aggregate but 930 an
nually. The other 10 percent aver
agedf&25. The report then quotes the laws of
other eouu tries and giveaatatistics show
ing the prosperity and popularity of
poNi.il savings banks there,
Mr. Eckels gives the following table,
which shows the growth of tbe system
in tbe countries where postal savings
oauxs ure in operation:
No. nf
Airnrsee.
tfopimlters.
truiuwt kiiiiiom ,4M,ra
Prssfti, Mnn.076
Italy if,u,7l
uiilrl. 474,
lldslsis lwa7U
AotlrlH
Ssvlnint..,. 1,1I0,IMI
llsukluK dept.., ilS,01il
illlitlrtirv .
I))oill. dKpemt,
1 4M),M4,H?5 7l).M
150.awi.Toft ttM
W.724.4H6 S(l7
70,0I,VI 147,04)
tt,M,m 73.11
37.U4.IM
M.M
s.e;i4,ins
ttm 7M
Utl,4l.l.4tll
lu,mn,74ft
7.176, 3711
H.
m.M
lie
IM47I
am. mi
41 4
i7. i a
17.7
SSTllivn Uit,
llaaknia dept..
(!anu
Imlls
Muthnrlnnils ,.,
Sw.ilii
0li I'uluay.,
i7H.Mll
4,717
1V5.llf.ll
(I.VI.NHJ
4uU.HH
4llH,ilNS
Tetiils 1M15.7MI fl,0IMI7,4M) ,1 H.l
COST Or THE N. Y. CAMPA10N.
Enormous Bum of Money Raised by tbe
Aepubllcana and Tamanany,
It b Almost impossible to conceive of
tbe enormous amount of money that
was expended In the recent Mayoralty
content In the city of New York. Aa in
every other great city, there are thous
ands of voters in the city of New York
who sell their "time," "influence" and
vote, lo tbe higbeat bidder. Tom Piatt
for the republican and Hichard Croker
for tba Tammany democrats, were bid
ding for this support. The price oaid
was enormoua. The republican com
mittee wanted f 3,000,000,
General MoAlpin reported that it
would be impossible to raise that
amount in New York, mainly on account
of the defection of rich men to Low,
Secretary of the Interior Cornelius N,
Bliss, at General Tracey's request, saw
many of tbe rich recalcitrants at tbe
Union licogue Club one Sunday and from
what he learned became discouraged,
tie saw Senator I'lattlmmedlutely after
ward, and the appeal for outside aid re-
uiulted from their meeting.
J Senator 1'lutt telegraphed his appeal
to (Senator M. W. iuav, ruinator Mark
A. Ila am, George H. lox, at Cincinnati.
JorepU"- Mauley at Augusta, Senator
Henry tnoot Lodge and Senator W, is,
Mason.
in addition to this list of State bosses
he appealed in person to E. It. Grinby,
tbe Florida boss; John S. Clarkson. the
Iowa dictator and to General Harrison,
of Indiana, Senator Thurston, of Ne
braska, and otherinfluontial republicans
who were In New York.
From the republican state committee
I'latt bad already received the whole of
lost year's aurplua, about $150,000,
He called upon tbe committee for l.'iOO,-
000 more. He assessed a million from
tho local corporation! and candidates,
MiabtnN. n tntul nf ..I SI r.OO lIUi
one ball of the amount which I'latt and
bis committee started out to raise. He
called upon tbe leading bosses to raise
the other ball and apportioned the
amouuts which each ahould raiae as fol
lows:
Matthew M. Qnajr.... SOO.ttiO
Mark A, llanos. U. H, Cot. Ohio MiO.UUU
llunrjr ( allot Loila. New Kaslsod..,, aui.uou
Wllllitm K. Himi, llllnol too 000
Itine M. Vlnrknoa, Iowa..... KUU.UUU
To l, atMetl lu;
HwwiiiU front the national oomnilUe UiO.OOO
Fllsil by national noinmltte. BM.lHMl
AMiwd on corporation oasilldste l.OUU.tlUd
Orand total $il,uuo,000
I'latt appealed for aid upon the claim
that not only tbe republican organis
ation of New York city, but republican
organizations In all cities would be
jeopardised by the New York assault
upon Bossism. lis enlisted tbe Interest
ol the administration state bosses by
promising to them the New York dele
gation in tbs next republican nationul
convention.
The whole of this great sum was avail
able in New York a week before election
and was spread broadcast In every elec
tion district to round up the floatiug
vote lor General Tracy. But It waa
without avail. Tammany bad all the
fnoiiey it wants) aud was Utter org un
ited. Such an enormoua sum of mousy
could not 1st houestly rxM-udsl by
either side. It was raistnl by promisee of
legislation bivorabla to great melior
ation mid other moneyed institution.
The populist party proHiea ths only
effertivs remedy lor tba boodle svlt. It
Is ilirwt legislation by means of tbs In
itiative aud referendum. I'nder thai
system ths polttteiau could roinia to
grant se.'ial bgtnlatiwa aud valuable
Iraucbiara, but thy would dad It ibmeult
and liequetttly ImpoeeiMa lot u I (III ths
prosiiee. i b great toriairatiob would
Wot roMinbutsso Ittwraily lor sueh an
uncertain lelura.
WlltKE TO PNACTICK ECONOMY.
Ce4tiesHiaa Msiwsll favssa Uisaa
sing Wiib Uasa Clik
.al a.k abea a bid pruiMisg for
aa appropriation to pay tba salariee id
a bag M ol t Wfks, OMtstaat Uil aa4
iutgfa tor tbs foatailteap nf tba
kouee, t aata sp kr swailf atioa, eoaa
itMwm klatwsli tt1f4 seveval aatsad.
ateata to strike t ml tka bt asaay tl
tktees tkal iu atiriy aaeetwaoart, aaj
kava ko datwa ta -f ioru, li s ames-l-aaJuMat)
l rvkwtvl -! lb
house continued to provide places to be
turned over to political favorites,
In aubuiittlug hla amendment, Mr.
Mm well said:
"Mr, Chairman, I move to strike out,
in lines 16 and 17, on page 8, the worda
"assistant clerk. fU.iiliO." I wish to
say in support of my motion that I am
always glad to aid any person to ob
tain employment in some worthy busi
ness so that be may bo enabled to sup
port himself and those who are depend
ent upon him, Aud where it la appar
ent tbat tba services of anyone are neces
sary, and be baa been faithful In the per
formance of hie duties, 1 certainly snail
not vots to abolish bis : poaitlon,
My aymathlea are with the man or wo
man who earns a living by honest labor.
A government, however, Is a great busi
ness Institution, and, so far at least aa
employment is concerned, should be eon
ducted on business principles, We are
acting here not for ourselves, but In a
trust capacity for the people of tbe
United States.
Tbe bill provides for one clerk to the
Committee on Appropriations. To that
we do not object, onu tbe salary allowed
(18.000) ought to secure a man of a
high order ol ability, It would seem
that this otis clerk oould perform all tbs
duiiss except those of tbs commit tee
Itself, which cannot be delegated. There
Is a very large number of these appoint
ments, Thus, in page 8, lines 17 and
18, we find: "Messenger, to be ap
pointed by the oo mm It tee, $1,440."
The duties of messenger to a committee
certainly can not be very onerous, and
could readily and easily, I believe, be
performed by the tlerk. Here would bs
a saving of $3,400 In one committee,
without, so far as I can see, Imparlng
ths efllciency of the service In the slight
est degree. It will be found tbat this
surplus of employees runs all through
tbe bill, and tbat tbe aggregate amount
ol salaries proposed to be paid ruus up
into the hundreds of thousands of dol
lars, If not millions.
The evil, too, appears to be constant
ly growing, ao that unless it ia checked
we may reasonably expect a consider
able increase of the number, with but
little for them to do. Shall we not reso
lutely restrict tbe number to those ab
solutely essential to perform the duties
required? That certainly ia our duty,
There ia great complaint of a deficit in
the revenue, and on that professed
ground the appropriation for pensions
waa $'25,000,000 loss than three year
ago. Let us drop needless expenditures
and there will be sulflcisnt revenue to
sustalu tbe Government."
Tbe boose promptly voted down the
amendment and continued to make
nlaces for tbousonds of useless clerka.
As Mr. Maxwell says, it la tbe needles
expenditures of ths government tbat lias
been and Is yet the most Important (ac
tor in causing tbs deficit In the treasury.
TO LEQALIZR THE TRU8T,
Railway Fooling Bill Will Undoubtedly
Paia Tbe Present Congrsaa.
Tbe railroads, as every one knows,
are anxioua to get permission from con
gress to continue their combination
known a the railway trust, This trnst
ia now operating In defiance of the de-
olsion of the supreme court of the United
States, for the corporations aay tbat
thla decision does not apply to them.
Their anxiety for the passage of a pool
ing bill is a little inconsistent. But, as
tbe pooliug bill is bound to go through,
the enemlea of tbe railroad despotism
have resolved to affix to the pooling bill
a provision giving more power to tbe
Interstate Commerce Commission, That
commission is now a worthless bit of
machinery, and benefits only tbe corpor
ations. The railroads will not permit
the commission to be endowed with
power to enforce its own decisions on
tbe ground that the Populists may get
control, and thus ruin the "welfare of
the shareholders." The federal judges
have been repeatedly asked to lsue in
junctions to enforce tba decision of tbe
supreme court, but this they will not do.
Tbs judges are afraid of ths railroads.
It will lie a test of the present congress
to observe how it couduote itself on ths
subject of ths pooling bill. If it posses,
ws may exat ths handing ovsr of the
country to the cororations. If ths
pooling bill is not passed, it will show
that tiiers is atill some boiieety In con
gress. But as there are now twelve rail
road presidents In Washingtiia, two of
whom ar members of congress, the out
look la not promiaiug. Twentieth ten
tury. RELIKr- rOK KLONDIKE MINERS
Congissa Makta Aa Approptlelia) Of
100,000 fvf Kuppliae and Tianspottalion.
Both braucbea of eongreaa have
luuuvda bill making aa appropriation
of f 'Jotl.lMKI u U Mu.ed l'ur
rbaes ol supplies and traasportatina lor
ths reli. I of aiirera la laka. Ths
money la to bs sipeaded aader the di
rwtioaot Iks secretary of war, who Is
aum authorUi to a tba Caltwl Stale
army to aarrv lata fba t lb provUloas
tilths act. Wkeu tba bll get lettt tk
baud ol tea totiM-earn roatitnltes) a
.rotlJoa wilt ba a blet giviug tbs war
Vpartatval authority to w tba aoll
larvanaul lb goveraiaeat la tba sta
tu ihib ol tbs ret ad MtUPea,
lha depaflateat oilfal waat stwills
authority a ta Ik" Htitilary arat
wr eiviiiaa purpomt, Tba oftUwt ta
bars (bar: ol ! tdilioa baa at
teea ewiet tet, bat tb SekwtHMI Will
act soate trout tba Vbet task ol tb
er. Ike war aVpariuwat atbottea
a ill draw tilur aa4 true tba la
aiitta of tarnoa bfet aa4 git lbat
itosioaia abak ouarag aa darted
wilt e rsair4.
UITCHCOCK
ARRESTED
Editor of the World Herald Charg-
ed With Contempt of
Court,
CANNOT SOLICIT BUSINESS.
He Telle the Court What he
Think About the
Matter.
frsa NetHili gupprssasd,
Tbe privilege of attending to one's
own business in a legitimate way, end
taking advantage of favorable publio
oplulon as an element to which reference
may be mode In soliciting patronage,
has been attacked in a violent manner
by one of our Nebraska judges.
Newspaper publishers have long en
joyed unquestioned right to refer to
complimentary mention or resolutions
bearing on the merits of their publico,
tion, and have used such testimonials In
soliciting business, No objection has
ever been made to such a practice, for
the simple reason that no one has ever
dared attempt cloning a man's mouth
against bis own interests by an Injunc
tion from the courts. But as the lu
Junction busluess boa prospered eo mar
vulously under the Mckinley regime, we
are not surprised to see it employed to
trample down the last vestage of Indi
vidual right.
Tbe board of Are and police of Omaha
adopted a resolution some time back
declaring the World-Herald to be the
paper having the largest circulation In
the city of Omaha. The Omaha lies im
mediately commenced action in tbe dis
trict court ol Douglas county Baking for
an injunction restraining tbe board from
circulating this resolution and esstop
lug tbe World-Herald from publishing it
or using it In soliciting advertising.
Judge Keysor Issued tbe order of in- ,
junction at the Bee's request '
i ne puniisiinr ol the worid.lleraid, ,
Gilbert M. Hitchcock, replied to tbe
court In au open letter in which tbe fol
lowing Ideas were expressed:
"1 consider this to lie an attempt to
ubrldge the liberty of the press. I be
lieve ft to be lawleaa, I believe It to be
malicious. I shall resist it by all law , .
ful moans In my power C3 notify you
that tbe World-Herald is oneiaatitution
of the country which will not be run by
injunction.
"In order, therefore, to put thla mat
ter to the test I hereby publish, as I
have tbe right to do, tbe resolutions of
tbe lieense board, taken from ita record.
"I propose to have advertising solicit
ed for the World-Herald In tbe future, as
It has been in the past. II yen can en
join mo fiora transacting my business ae
you now attempt to do, then no busi
ness enterprise Is safe from judicial tyr
rany." Mr. Hitchcock waa immediately ar
rested and brought before the court to .
show cause why he ahould not be pun
ished for contempt,
Tbe Bee's daring thrust at the liberty
of Its competitor found a willing tool in
Judge Keysor, and tbe case stands with
out a parallel in the history of this
country. Tbe publication of licquor
licences woe tbe foundation for the
trouble. Those are usually published In
tbe paper having the largest circulation
in the city, and the Herald referred to
the resolution of the Are and police board
In soliciting tbs licence notice. There
waa nothing official lo the resolution,
but It simply expressed tbe oplulon of
tho board, and it Is plain from Its sup
pression by Injunction that (he Ameri
can people have lost the privilege of ex
pressing their oplulon on any subject,
"The freedom of speech and of the press"
guaranteed by the constitution of the
United States bos been knocked sky-high
by K. Itosewater and Judge keysor.
What is law? Where does law laave oft
and anarchy begin?
t'ouiparlua tariff Hill.
Defender of the Dingley tariff rise to
the diguity of tbe occasion with asser
tion lor lack of argumwuU
Chairman Dingley assert that "ia
time" hi famous deficit producer will
bring in suftlcieut mvsoue to meet the
expenses of the government, and he de
fiantly adds that those who criticise the
tariff "dura not make comparisons ba
twtvn th first mouths of ths WUsou art
and ths first mouths of tbs present act."
This aartioa ia mada la th fee of
tbe (art tbat comparisons have bean
inatla right aloeg showing tb lailur of
tb Dingley act to procure as much rv
sue a the WtUon inure, a huh wa
so roundly tHiatWinaad by rvpubiieana.
As aa exempt of th com pur mki it a
which hats bea made, t'hainaaa Disg
Wy's at lea lloa is called to tb lolluwtug
etura. showing Ik rsveao abkkwa
secured by the tao tariff durisg ths ial
tial lour tmiattte of lbtr oiMriaia:
W ii, , !(: set,
Vit.t . .... ....... 1 1 . l em SM4
.u4 . . ... ... . . II eat i t U I'O
ti4 ataeik .... ... J.i . T i .
I w,S , .. il.SMklH S.lMtM
et,av
it. II ill
Tbi hrvaeata a balauc of ovw 1 1 4,-
OtHl.tHHl la Uvor ft tb VYiiauabtlU it
bu4 al V reatoMiKer,) isal lb rv.
ewie an are.) by lb WiUw bill tor lb
touts la qatua waa antei a hew tu4
aa wa uraitel by tbs aat of si1
bile tb iiiss'tey lull 'rali4 aa
def lb gloiioa laitaear ol tb UvKle
ley trotvrttt wbs'k la aa eak vaal4
by tb tvpalJaNta preea.
Tra), as klra, kllairop would say,
"ojti)arhoa era tarvia4 to t aalriaaa
Diugiey -tka4.t HeaWk.