The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902, May 13, 1897, Image 1

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The .Wealth Makers and Lincoln Independent Consolidated.
VOL. VIII.
LINCOLN, NEBR., THURSDAY May 13, 1897.
NO. 52.
All Mi u n
WOMEN
GAINING
Some Interesting Fi&urea Taken from
the Report of the Department
of Labor
COMPARED WITH YEAES AGO.
The Percentage of Women Em
ployment Has Very Materially
Increased
Percentage Married or Single.
A bulletin just published at Washing
ton I). C. under and by authority of a
resolution passed by congress gives Home
very interesting statistics concerning
the employment of men, women and
-children in the various factories in the Uni
ted States. The data collected covers two
different periods, the present period and
a period ten years earlier. In collecting
data from the different establishments
the proprietors were requested to make
their comparisons of the present year
and the corresponding month or week
ten yenrs ngo. Reports were received
from 1.007 establishments in SO differ
ent states. Ten years ago there were
employed in these establishments 42,
91)0 males, and 51,539 females, a total
of 94,529 persons in all. At the present
time there are 68,380 males, 79,987
females, a total of 148,307. It is from
these reports that the tables are made
up. Some of those reporting did not
furnish complete reports, In 931 estab
establishments where the information
was complete, 20,479 males 18 years of
age or over were employed ten years ago
and 43,195 are employed at the present
time. The male employes 38 years of
age or over, increased 16,716 or 63.1
percent while the female employes 18
years of age or over increased 17,999 or
36.8 per cent. In other words the num
ber of female employes has increased 3.2
per cent more than the male employes
during the last ten years.
Tbe report shows that for the present
period, out of an aggregate of 79,987
women, 70,921, or H8,7 per cent, were
sinitle; 6,775, or 8.5 per cent, married;
2,011, or 2.5 percent, widowed, 36, or
less than one-tenth of 1 per cent, divorc
d; and 244, or 0.8 per cent unknown.
For the former period, "out of a total of
51,539 women, 32,801, or 63.6 percent,
were single; 1,857, or 2.6 per cent, mar
ried; 498, or 1 per cent, widowed; 4, or
less than one-tenth of 1 per cent, divorc
ed; and 16,879, or 82.8 per cent un
kuown. The large per cent of unknown
detracts considerably from the value of
the figures for the former period for com
parative purposes. It is not surprising
however, that information as to the con
jugal condition of employees ten or more
years ago was not obtainable.
The report shows that the proportion
of females ten years of age or over em
ployed in all occupations in the United
States rose in its relation to the whole
number employed from 1 4.08 per cent in
1870 to 17.22 per cent in 1890, while
the males decreased in proportion from
85.32 per cent in 1870 to 82.78 per cent
in 1890, fully corroborating the belie
tbnt the females are to some extent en
tering into places at the expense of the
males.
Looking at particular clnsses of occu
pations, we find that the proportion of
females engaged in agriculture, fisheries
and mining rose from 0.47 percent in
1870 to 7.54 per cent in 1890; in profes
sional service, from 24.80 per cent to
33.01 per cent; but in domestic and per
sonal service there was a drop from
42.09 percent in 1870 to 88.24 per cent
in 1890, and a corresponding gain in the
proportion of males to the wbolenumber
employed from 57.91 per cent in 1870 to
61.70 per cent in 1890. In trade and
transportation the females show the
luigt gain, it, being from 1.61 per cent
in 1870 to 0.87 per cent in 1890. This
is due to the entry of women into e in
payment as clerks in the trade and
transportation departments of business.
There has also been a very large gain in
the proportion of females engaged in
manufacturing and mechanical in
dustries, the percentnue being 14.44 in
1870 and 20.18 iu 190. The males, on
the other hand, have dropped in propor
tion from 85.50 sr cent in the former
year to 79.82 jr cent in the latter. The
fact is absolutely demoiietratcd, there
lore, that the proportion of females
taking all the occupation in the coun
try into consideration, is gradually in
creasing. The blanks sent mi t by t lis bureau of
'investigation vailed lor I lie reason for
employing men or women ax the raw
might be a. nt asked tor their opinion n
tu whether the employ meat of womeu
ami trirl aa increasing in His Industry
t which their establishment was
giu'i'd, '
I he riamir lor the prrf.-rence for wo
lu. ii r variously given, the timet torn
inua being their itreater adaptability for
it or Is fur which they are ruipi.v,...
ll is mU-i elated thai tl-y are mure re
bat!; , a.ur easily ri.i.u..;.., rbraer,
f uf tHt rme, mors eatly reurnble,
lil-r, more ri., itr lailimtruiti,
linrirvti;l, more imtite, We Iml.Ui to
ink, learn to, ii raputly, ete. Httet.
thee rvaeoas, t ln or nure combined,
t ivu lor ecn eetahhHutenl.
The report prevent many t itere.liiij
(.rot. la rlfB lit the intree,M tf
population nI the tw nut tauten,
w oaten an I hlfrH engagi-d ia different
occupations,
lUnd mtr stry A IW ul I'laiw" to
Utoaud m page ft ttiie a vet's
, iMUe,
Bold State Convention.
The state convention of the prohibi
tion party will be held in Lincoln May
26 and 27. National Chairman Dickey
will attend and deliver an address.
State Chairman Johu Dale of Omaha
has issued the cull.
In Golden Clutches.
The Peruvian government in South
America, after May 10, will cease the
coinage of silver and will not permit the
importation of any silver coiu. Director
Preston of the United States mint was
officially advised of this last Monday.
Spain Will Ilorrow Honey.
The queen regent of Spain has issued a
decree authorizing the raisingof 8,000,
000 to be secured by thocustomsdutiesof
Spain, to meet the cost of military oper
ations in Cuba and thePhlllipiueislauds.
The bank of Spain will undertake the
issue.
Struck My Llghtiilng.
Will Butler, a young man employed
on a farm near Fuirburr, was struck by
lightning last Tuesday evening. The
bolt struck him on the head and burned
a furrow to his feet. Dr. Andrews who
is attending him believes that he will
recover.
Mont I'av.
An Indianaoditor was recently success
ful in a suit against a delinquent sub
scriber who "bad never ordered the
paper" (?), but who, it was found, had
regularly called for it and taken it out
of the postoffice. for two years. Ube
court ordered that the subscriber pay
the subscription account of $ 3 and $16
costs pf suit.
Award 11 Iff Damage.
The Argentine Republic has allowed
the claim of Joseph Steiner of Alton, 111.,
for $50,000 damages, Mr. Steiner was
traveling in that country eight years
ago and the train nn which be was a
passenger was overtaken by a prairie
fire aud entirely consumed. Several
persons were burned to death. Mr,
Steiner was badly burned but recovered,
and filed the claim which has just been
allowed.
Drowned While Bathing.
Andrew Anderson, a Swede 78 years
old living near Gothenburg, Nebraska,
was drowned in Gothenburg Lake last
Sunday, He arose early in the morning
and went to take a bath before break
fast. The water was deep and Anderson
was old and unaccustomed to swimming.
It is thonght he fell upon some piling
when he jumped Into the lake rendering
ing him unconscious and resulted in bis
being drowned.
Mr. lluhn v. BouIdlnK.
Mrs. Mary IJahn has sworn out a com
plaint, against R. L. Boulding charging
bim with disturbing the peace and
cruelly beating her. Mrs. Hahn is ati
attractive appearing woman who is
suing her husband for a divorce. Mould
ing has been giving her some attention
and when he saw her ou the street in
eompauv with nnother man he followed
her home and squared the amount by
giving her a good thrashing. It is of
this that she complains.
Numbered with the Nlaln,
The Bradrihaw bank gave up the
struggle for existence last Monday and
closed its doors forever. Of course the
officers and directors claim the deposit
ors will be paid in full, although it may
take a considerable length of time to
realize on the securities. The oflicers of
this bank had been putting in most of
their time gazing at the stars and
searching for the airship that was to
bring that great wave rolling to their
doors. It is reported that they have
bad very little else to do for some time.
Fell Down the Mhaft.
A fatal accident occurred at the whole
sale house of Min ten Woodward & Co.,
in Grand Island last Tuesday, prank
Dunlnp, an employe, fell down the ele
vator shaft aud was instantly killed, fie
Mas standing near the shaft and when
he started to fall he cauiiht hold of the
sliding door, it was wrenched from its
place and both fell to the bottom. The
door fell across Duulap' neck breaking
it and causing Instant death, lie leaves
a wife and five children,
r'rl erua! .tbwUMuiullual I'ay,
Mr. Samuel I.lchty the insurance
deputy of the state, auditor's olllce, has
prepared a letter winch he Is sending out
to Urn agent of Irati iUiil tidies and
thvtr olhVer doiug busim iu the state
m winch hs rails attention to the law
)'lt punned at lite seKsiun Jt rloeed, lif
(he terms of which t ! asaociatious
er eoiiiH'ftit to pnv the r ttuiar fe
J tor a certittcate trout the auditor "r
inittliitf tin-in tit tin tuieo and t.U
lur crunVitv br em it udi-nl who !
t'it lmiu or members lor () urgta-
Mum. At trUtiiHI l railed tu the
Wlhef I riiiiM lt IheUw lm leoitil
,rtMlU-e with their head oltf.e out
ill)' ill lbs state t d retaliate the auditor
as tfceir atturaey tor iMtriHMu-e l erkw.
1 here are heavy penalise r t.tenl tor
ise ititure iuii.mi.iy tuft tluelaesu l
all Iratermliee are e-pie led n rumeU..
M and uttl tip hd st ll.ee t lift-
fa to,
(Warete stiuirUte bver, kidaey e4
Ww4i utter sKksa,t;iUt gripe 1Q
A STRANGE DEATH
A Man Found Dead Between PUinview
and Foster.
The crew on the Elkhorn freight train
last Friday evening found a dead man
lying near the track between Plain view
and Foster. The cause of bis death is
not known. It is reported that he was
seen in Piainview drunk the night be
fore. When found he bad on no clothes
except bis underwear, and it appeared
that be bad been wading In a stream
near by and had laid out by the track
to sun himself. The body was taken on
the train and taken to Piainview where
the coroner held an inquest.
TWO ANTI-TRUST BILLS
Passed By tbe New York Legislature Are
Approved By Governor Black.
Governor Black of the state of New
York, signed two anti-trust bills last
week. One of tbe bills provides that
every contract, agreement, arrangement
or combination that bos for its object
or in effect creates a monopoly is against
public policy: illegal and void, aud pro
vides that the attorney-general shall
prosecute ah who violate tbe provisions
of the act.
Tbe other bill provides that all foreign
corporations shall submit the same re
ports to tbe state auditor as are required
of corporations organized In the state,
and puts them largely under tbe super
vision of state oflicers.
PECULIAR DOUBLE DEATHS.
Spectator Falls Lifeless at Seeing a
Young Boy Drowned-
C'iiicaoo, III,, May 10. A peculiar fa
tality occurred last evening before hun
dreds of spectators in Lincoln park.
While boating on Lake Michigan, Mat
thew Roche and bis ten-vear-olii nenhew.
Harry Flynn, attempting to exchange
seats. J he boat was overturned and
the boy drowned, although Roche twice
succeeded in putting the little fellow on
top of tbe capsized craft.
While this was going on, Albert Mat
tarl, who was in the crowd at the
water's edge, suddenly pitched forward
on bis face dead. His death is ascribed
to excitement caused by watching the
struggle of the drowuing boy.
JUMPED INTO A WELL.
An Inline Farmer Living Near Arcadia
Escaped from His Attendants.
Thomas Stone an insane farmer living
north of Arcadia escaped from his home
in his night clothes Sunday morning.
He ran for about a mile, and when found
was sitting on the curb of a well, which
is eighty feet deep, with one end of a
rope fastened around his neck and the
other end fastened to a beam across the
the well curb. When the searching
parties were within only a few feet of
bim he jumtied off into the well. How
ever, it seems that he must have braced
himseli against tbe sides of the well with
bis bands aud feet, for he went down
only about twenty feet. After much
persuasion he was induced to come out
of the well. His insanity has been caused
by financial trouble and he has several
times before attempted to take his life.
WOULD GO TO WAR.
Dr.R, E. G ffin of Lincoln Ofleis to Assist
tbe Greeks.
The following telegram which explains
itself was sent to New York lust week by
Dr. R. E. Giffln. surgeon general of the
Nebraska national guard:
Lincoln, Neb., May 5. To Consul
General Botassi, Actinir Grecian Min
ister to United States, New York. Dear
Sir: Knowing the need of surgeons iu
your army in your war of liberty and
right, 1 offer your government my serv
ices in tiiecaput'ity of surgeon and stand
ready at a moment's; notice to go nt
once to the front. I have consulted his
excellency, Governor llolcomb, of my
state, and he bus expressed bis willimr
ness to grant me leave of absence for
the time needed. R. K. Ulr KRN,
Colonel and Surgeon General, Nebraska
National Guard.
Dr. Gillln ia one of the foremost sur
geons ol the west aud enjoys a very ex
tensive and lucrative practice iu UiU
state.
THE INJUNCTION SMAS1IKD.
Mooret Entitled to the Otllce ren
ding Quo Warranto Proceedings,
r'rauk K. Moore has been declared the
mayor of Omaha . by the jutfcr of (he
district court. They hold that he is en.
titled tu the otllce until ousted bv quo
warranto priMiwdinge. la aunouaciug
their ilevKu.it the julg made this point
dietmt tlr t i.r dictilinij only that hav
ing the pr.. r eerliAfate til election, bav
Ititf tiled hie li.uid and taken the oath
i l olluv, Mi.nive was u titled to the
(he (itfu until minted bv a eourl til rout
ite juridrtloo. 1 he court tral-d
Viieire application lor writ td mead
nut, ((match sad liiealluriieyeeeHr.il
the e- rttic ul paiwr and Mated thai
tin-J nut. tura ti'.r ltiiiin.e tu Mmiixe
tm veM.i, Mr. MtMwa a It mi aMor-
bevs the prirv.l tu lit mayors
uHi.-e an formally mk eUia.
taw warranto prt-wdmx i;l ptoU
ably be fMaUiee, Iu Iff, )Uin
nueled oa aeeomit . hit laebgblbty by
roa l lts dehvhaUoas,
WEEK
WASHINGTON
The Retroactive Clause of the Ding
ley Tariff Bill has .Been
Stricken Oat.
NO MORE RECIPROCITY.
Mien Secures A Favorable Report
From the Conference Committee
' on the Supply Depot.
The Exposition Appropriation.
The tariff bill was reported to tbe sen
ate by the committee lost Tuesday. All
of tbe committee was present when tbe
bill was submitted. It excited consider,
erable off hand , discussion in which it
wus developed that tbe democrats and
populists were opposed to tbe bill in
most particulars but that Hen at or Jones
of Nevada would vote with the republi
cans on the final passage, Tbe senate
committee has stricken out tbe retroac
tive clause and the reciprocity provisions,
Including those now existing with
Hawaii, If the bill passes as reported,
Hawaiian sugar must pay the same
tariff as that from other countries.
The following clause takes the place of
tbe reciprocity provisions that formerly
existed:
"That whenever any country, depend
ency or colony shall pay or bestow,
directly or indirectly, any bounty or
grant upon the exportation of
any article of merchandise from
such country, dependency or colony
and such articles or mercan-
dise is dutiable under the provisions of
this act, then upon tbe importation of
any such article or merchandise into the
United Htates, whether tbe same shall be
imported directly from the country of
production or otherwise, and whether
such article or merchandise is imported
iu tbe same condition as when exported
from tbe country of production or lias
been changed in condition by manu
facture or otherwise, there shall be levied
and paid in all such cases, in addition to
tbe duties otherwise imposed by this act,
an additional duty equal to the net
amount of such bounty or grant, how
ever tbe same may be puid or bestowed.
The bet amount of all such bounties or
grants shall be from time to time a seer
tained, determined and declared by the
eecrotary of tbe treasury, wbo shall
make all needful regulations for tbe iden
tification of such articles and merchan
dise and for the assessment 'and collec
tion of such additional duties."
The senate passed an amendment to
tbe Sundry civil bill revoking the order
of President Cleveland in relation to the
forest reserves, An attempt was made
to refer the matter to the president but
was unsuccessful. Tbe bouse was noti
fied of tbe action of the senate but re
fused to concur which leaves the order to
President Cleveland still in operation.
As finally passed the Sundry civil appro
priation bill carrys with it $53,000,000.
On Saturday the confeience commit
tees on the Indian appropriation bill
agreed to Senator Allen's amendment
directing the secretary of the interior to
establish a branch of the Indian
supply depot at Omaha within one year
from this time. The Iowa men have
been persisteut in their efforts to secure
the location at Sioux City and failing in
that always favored maintining it at
Chicago. It is due to Senator Allen's
labors that Omaha was . successful.
There will be a government superinten
dent with about 30 bands constantly
at the depot.
The New York members In tbe bouse
have combined with the Illinois mem
bers in opposition to the appropriation
for the trnns-Mississippi exposition.
When the action of the senate in in
creasing the appropriation came up for
consideration.
Mr. Dingley, chairman of the ways and
meaiiM com mil lee, made the direct state
ment that it was his understanding that
the representatives of the Omaha expo
sition would be iwricctly satisfied with
f 300,000, and that had an amount
above Unit figure bi-cu asked for and
preened, he Mould not have voted to
favorably report the bill. All sorts of
foinbineM were attempted to save the
amendment, but the house refused to
concur. When the question nit the sen
ate amendment to make immediately
available the sum named came up, wp
nuenlative t'unnon moved to non-concur,
ami it was carried without any at
tempt to exact a division. This action
of the house was not unexia'Cted, but ait
effort will bo made on tbe part of tbe
senate eoulwree to retain the amount
appropriated for the expoeitioa in the
suutiry civil Mil.
THAT WAVEINLIIy-
One of tbe Oldest Hardware Firms
la the City rl.
H VV. sndO. 8, tlauie.it, d.iinj buni
tnutu lUKUm !fo , lutriUure lie.-!-ere
at tl street, yate the loHowiae;
rhattwl ninrttiatrv Ut v-k mi the etoes
lit their eture- t tubk, K, i rtpy, ;ii.l..
At; Mitrab K. IWdeiw ol I'tMiiUm, N. V.
ejjirt MiJltt.t.ard, fettiM r, iUrtlett A
I ., t.o to. I .V I iiltimbt Nation) Unk,
Lincoln, SJ.WtHi, bill i sale naeaimt
given lit t. in ma and Vuv lUMwin, ma
Jtil the tnueehold tarn tore and bed
duiil ia tee bUuSi at l'iw ( stret wad
aletH pwexnat prop eiv nt ttsi. II
ttreet, the noma id ti. H, il.ia. Tbe
fir hi h boeti la buiv here to a
ntiiuU uf j ear and only rcellv was
repotted In dtitWUy,
The Kansas University.
Tbe following taken from tbe Star and
Kansan published at Independence, Kan
sas, sets forth tbe facts iu relation to
the charges of wholesale ' dismissal of
professors on account of politics;
Among tbe acts of the populist state
government In Kansas that have been
most severely criticised Is the action of
the board of regents of the Agriculural
college in making some changes in the
faculty of that institution. The idea
has been industriously circulated that
there was a wholesale discbarge of the
faculty to make room for populists,
without any regard to tbe interest or
efficiency of the institution. I am in re
cti pt ol a letter from Hon. C. B. Hoff
man, one of tbe regents of the college, in
which he shows bow baseless all these
charges are. In accordance with the
state law, and to give deflniteness to the
terms of the professors and other em
ployes, a resolution was adopted by tbe
board declaring that the term ''school
year " should be cosstrued to mean a
period beginning on the first day of July
and ending on the 30 day of June, the
following year, and that the term of
employment 'of all present employes
should terminate June 80tb, 1807.
This because a very lax and careless sys
tem of employment had grown op and
it was deemed best for the institution to
make terms definite and certain.
President Fairchild declined to ben
candidate fd re-eleetloo. All tbe old
professors exctpt four were tendered the
positions they lind been holding. With
the exception of Robert lluddleson,who
was employed as engineer, all tbe old
force of employes was retained and no
one outsido was employed. Among the
teachers and employes thus re-employed
ninety per cent are republicans. This,
as regent Hoffman assures us, "not be
cause the board preferred republicans,
but because the Incumbents were repub
licans and thoso who bad filled their
chairs properly and efficiently were re-
retained.' Indeed he declares that not
a single professor has been let out on
account of bis political views,"
In view of these facts, the attacks by
the repnblicon press upon the conduct
of this institution appear unwarranted
and baseless. But to find fault with
populist methods and management in
Kansas is about all the republican poli
ticians of this state are living for now,
and it would be idle to expect them to
confine themselves to the truth or keep
within the bonds of reason in their at
tacks.
Tbe Old grttlers,
It Is the desire of the present member
ship of the Old Settlers Association.that
all tUaold timers of Lancaster county,
become members of the association. !
- Men and women alike are eligible when
they comply witb the following eondi
tions:
A resident of fourteen years in tbe
county and the payment of twenty-five
cents will give to tbem all tbe rights,
privileges and benefits of the associa
tion. There are no annual dues, no
assessments, twenty-five cents pays all,
and for all time.
There are enrolled at tbe present time
about seven hundred names. We want
to make it one thousand, before the date
of our annual picnic which will beheld
this year about the middle of June.
The exact date will be determined by
the executive committee at their next
Saturday meeting.
Give your name, post office address
and the date of yoilr coming into the
state to any of the following gentlemen:
The president, John M. Burks, Phil
Hacker, J. C. McKesson, William Rob
ertson, or the secretary ti. T. Roberts
aud be on the lookout for tbe date of
the picnic aud make your arrngeinents
to be there with all your family early in
the morning and spend one whole day
v. siting with those who with yourself,
heled to pave the way of advancing
civilization into this great trans-Missouri
country.
Grand O on pel.
It tv&a the good fortuue of the writer
to be one of the listeners at G. A. R. hall
last Sunday evening when Elder George
K. Iligelow preached from the words
"open thy mouth, judge rlghteonily and
plead tbe cause of the poor and needy,''
it is tiot often the good fortune of
church going people to listen to so prac
tical a sermon and one a fraught with
plain, consistent argutiu againut the
wrongs to the poorer cL jea by those
who by cunning and trttud nave a massed
colossal fortune and are to-day liviug
in luxury upon their dishouest gnius,
while others toil fur naught or wander
about the eoutitry in quest of an oppor
tunity to earn the bread 'hey must have.
Mr. Iligelow did not preach what would
be ealU d a popular sirinon, In laol 1
doubt if there is a pulpit in the city
where he would Is allowed to preach the
saute ei'riituu the second lime; not tea.
raiieethespealter was rude aad bolster
HIM, or his eayiuus couched iaiudiceot
Itingiitin', but tvaue the declarations
he made and the facte he stated a.e ia
)!l harmony with the pract.iv of church
iticmliere l the day and not In hue
with what ia laubl by the preacher
whiHie bread and lmltr depend m the
manner Iu which Ihcy avoid tramping
tin tbe lie id the wealthy Htiuhrbtu
J. I.
Coaitreeeman Mrk has oaiiaated a
cadet to Wee I I'oiat i bom. Miuatti
ol l ieirue, Ka iaibr eiuu , aluraate,
Jwm V, I r!4 if It.'ae r.priu, (U
eoaalv, trs. ba seventh apple.-
lion fur lu enttiitvitiou, rtn. tacit
elided wa act'ouat el lii n brk
boy bs bit tit, bora ta the duUrbi trout
hah be tM nominated. It fieMttp
lor nsratnuttita r bow aett Jane,
THE MISSOURI MAN WINS.
Colorado Second, Minnesota Tbiid in tbe
Inter-state Contest.
Tbe Interstate collegiate contest with
represeutative contestants from tbe
states of Missouri, Iudiana,Obio, Wbcon
sin, Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska,
Kansas and . Colorado was held at
Columbia, Missouri, last Thursday.
The representative of Missouri won first'
Klace, the Colorado man second, and
linnesota's representative third.
The names of contestants, their sub
jects and the states they repsesented are
as follows:
Iowa Miss Alice Starbuck. Penn col.
lege Oskaloosa, "What Is Mind." Kan
sasWilliam A Brown, Baker university,
uaiawin, "I lie klngliness of Man:" Illi
noisJesse 8. Dancy, Illinois Weslyan
university, isioomlngton, "The Destiny
of the Common Man." Missouri Perl
I). Decker, Park college, Parkville, "The
Basic Law of Progress." Colorado
Chauncey F. Bell, Colorado university.
Denver, "Ntatesmen and Nations." In
diana Edward K. Plonnette, Hanover
College, Municipal Problems." Ne
braska, Ralph C. Roper, University of
Nebraska, Uncoln,"Tbe Author Hero of
the Revolution." Ohlo-C. 15. Gregory,
University of. Wooster, "Arbitration."
Wisconsin IV P. lliucley. Beloit college,
"Tbe New Prometheus. Minnesota
Lawrence N Booth, University of Min
nesota, Minneapolis, "Tbe Neeeded Ele
ment in Present Reform.
Ralph C. Roper, tbe Nebraska repre
sentative received fourth place. This is
tne Highest place Nebraska baa ever re
ceived, at tbe interstate contests. One
Of the principal blows to Roper's mark
ings came from President Angell of
Michigan one' of the judges of the manu
script, who marked Roper eighth. This
can can be explained only from the fact
that Roper's subject "Thomas Paine"
may not have met the approval ol the
Reverend Mr. Angell. '
A PREPARATORY SCHOOL,
A Private School for Preparation to Enter
the University of Nebraska
' The recent decision of tbe suprome
court holding that tbe free high school
law was void has brought into existence
a private school for tbe preparation of
students to enter tbe University of Nf
braska. This school will teach the same
subjects that were taught in the prepar
atory department of tbe University.
Tbe enterprise baa been launched by
graduates of tbe university wbo recog
nized tbe weakness, or gap, In the ednca
tianaj system provided by tbe state.
Under tbe existing conditions it ia neces
sary for students entering the state
university to pass an examination in
the brancnes taught In the high schools
of tbe state, or present a graduates
diploma from some one of the accredited
bigb schools in the state. Tbe system is
satisfactory so far as tbe city students
in cities where the high schools are
accredited, but It is incomplete from the
fact that there is no method provided by
which the sons aud daughters of farmers
can secure the necesary preparation to
enter the university. It gives a great
advantage to residents of cities. It is
to fill this gap that the preparatory
school, of which C. W. Wallace of Lin
coln, Nebraska,fs director was organized.
The tuition .charges wilt be reasonable
and from the published listof instructors
it will cover all necessary studies to pre
pare for admission to tbe state school.
There is a movement to secare the
restoration of the preparatory depart
ment as a part of the state university
and the matter will come up before tbe
regents at their J nne meeting.
BARTLEV3 BANK CLOSED.
Tbe State Banking Board Hss Tskcn
Charge of the Atkinson Bsnk.
Last week the state banking board
made an examination of Kx-treusurer
Hartley's bank at Atkinson, Nebraska,
and found it in an unsafe ' condition and
closed its doors. The last examination
of the bank showed a total of $71,000
in deposits of which f 00,000 . was to tbe
credit of J. S. Hartley. This is supposed
to account for a little ot the treasurer s
shortage. Since that time Mr. Hartley
has withdrawn fd.OOO, which would
leave to his credit $34,000. AUorney
General Smyth will commence suit with a
view to recover this mouey for the state.
As the state has nt yet secured a judg
ment against Mr. Hartley, the attorney
gi'Ueral cannot proceed by attachment
prtNeea but must rouiinence suit Iu the
rvgwnr manner tq ine uismci court.
Mr. Hartley was not expecting thai tbe
bank would ta closed so suddenly or
probably be would not have been caught
with so much to hujvdtt.
MUST ArPEAR IN COURT.
Henry 0. Ilaromsysr and JohnE,
Roarles to be Tried in rederal
Court,
The president and secretary uf the
sugar lret, Vlr. II. O. Ilafemeyer aad
John II. rWarle nave bu summoned lo
afpear in tderkl court at Vhiiistoa
It. May IT l answer ta a tear ul
rotutiua tit furuuh iu(oititaii.M ta an
tttiestigatintf stint BAttlew duy aa'at.
Mf d by lh l att4 Mat eate. The
iaviiaUttM al wb they riie4 U
luralea it. tafarivation was m.e dur
Iti4 I'l"! A. 'Miar, J W. Mi
t arlavy, J. H. rbrtev aad K. J. 14 want,
orreeuindeaU watt pabUeSed artleWa
oarwhiaa the lavlitrtt ac aa
santaiiHHKl to appear