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About The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902 | View Entire Issue (March 4, 1897)
March 4 169?
THE NEBRASKA INDEPfcNfokNt,
C2 Hcbracka Inbqicnbcnt
r3 WMALTN UAKtKS amd LINCOLN
rcruszsD every Thursday
tl:p:qdsit Publishing Go.
It USO B Wrest,
LINCOLN. - NEBRASKA.
01. QO per Year in advance.
AMnes an mmwImUom to, aid mmkt ell
Amfts, moaay wdtni. tta., pay kbit to
t4 HDIPINDIliT FOB. CO
A bill has been introduced in the legis
lature for the calling of a constitutional
: MttnvMlnn ... ".w.
Ham Koutztnau of the O'Neill Beacon
Light i putting up one of the beat pop
ulist papers in the state.
The name of the governor of Kansas
Is J. W. Leedy and not J. Wheedy, as
put up by our compositors last week.
The Southwest News, of Greonfleld,
Mo., refers to the Nebraska Independ
ent as "the leading populist paper of
the west." -J,
Let there be a permanent investigating
committee. There is enough rottenness
around the state house to take two
years to uncover.
The arrest of ex-Treasurer Bartley
came none too soon. Let the trial be
swift and vigorous. Let the punish
ment oe such as to discourage all future
Tbe legislature has at last settled on
one hundred thousand dollars for the
Omaha exposition, to be expended for
a state exhibit under direction of a state
Bartley and Moore, the ex-treasurer
and ex-auditor, have been arrested as
defaulters and embezzlers. Tbe state is
out over 550,000 from these two offi
cials alone. There are others.
Ex-State Treasurer J. 8. Bartley was
arrested last Saturday. Tbe charge was
embezzlement, preferred by Attorney.
General Smyth. He was let out on fur
niehing 50,000 bail bond. ,
Fx-Treasurer Bartley is still short
$537,000 in his accounts. Not a cent
has been turned in for two weeks. It all
this money is in good banks, as be says,
why is he not drawing it out and paying
The silver republicans in the United
States senate and house of representa
tives have issued a patriotic address
calling for a national convention of the
ailver republicans next summer to form
tome sort of a permanent organization.
From every section of the union come
reports of privation and Buffering from
Chicago, from St. Paul, from New York,
from Louisiana tbe papers are full of it.
But still tbe gold standard exists; and
till the senseless display of stolen wealth
in some Bradley-Martin ball goes on.
Consul General Lee has threatened to
resign his position at Havana if the
American government does not take a
more decided Btaud for the protection of
American citizens in the island of Cuba.
He is right. This administration seems
to think more of protecting trade rela
tions than it does of national honor or
We all have one cause for earnest con
gratulation this weak; Grover Cleveland
is no longer president. McKinley doubt
less will be bad enough, but he can't be
as ""bad as Clevolaud. The "stuffed
prophet" has disappeared as a factor in
American politics. Would to God he
could have taken the gold standard with
There is no question but that ex-Treasurer
Bartley will be nearly a half million
short in his accounts, his own statement
to the contrary notwithstanding. It
has been almost an open secret the past
two years. He openly violated the law;
he farmed out the state money and used
it in private speculation, mere is no
question of his guilt, let there be none
of his punishment.
Tbe Stanton Picket refers sneeringly
- to Nevada as a "populist ridden" state.
) It is just as well to be truthful about
heee matters. Not one of the state
officers of Nevada and ; but few of tbe
members of the legislature are populists,
Nevada is under control of the silver
party and democrats. The populists
are comparatively weak in that state.
Tbe Washburn plan seems to have
fallen flat Even the reform press asso
ciation at Memphis did not mention it
As for the "informal, unofficial confer-
nee," it apparently was not held- Tbe
Independent begs the pardon of its
readers for having devoted so much
space to this matter. There are a large
number of letters yet to be published,but
no farther editorial mention will be
made. .. .
MISSION or THR PEOPLE'S FART7.
The birth of tbe people's party marked
tbe beginning of a new era In American
politics. It was cradled in the Indus
trial organisations of thecoantry. Tbe
Farmers' Alliance and the Knights of
Labor were present at its christening. It
grew rapidly. Its power was first made
known in Kansas, Nebraska and the
Dakotas in 1890. And still it grew. It
spoke at Ocala, Cincinnati, and St.
Louis, and its voice aroused a million
men. It gave one baud to the south
and one to the west. : Then it spoke at
Omaha, and its voice was that of a
prophet telling of a new dispensation.' It
proclaimed old truths that apparently
had been forgotten. It gave a tongue
to the honest discontent. It reminded
the world of the old proverb "wealth
belongs to him who creates it" and the
stock jobbersand millionaires proclaimed
this "anarchy." It showed to the world
the incompetence and insincerity of the
two old parties. It tore the 'mask from
the face of government and revealed a
co-partnership with the despoilers of the
people and a conspiracy as wide as the
world. It raised the abandoned stand
ard of silver that had been stricken down
in 1873, and it proclaimed tbe new truth
that public utilities should be owned by
tbe people: It emblazoned on its banner
this other doctrine "the land is the
heritage of man and on it every citizen
bas a right to a home." fcrOfc.
Thus it went into its first conflict. Tts
followers were a motley crowd. There
were a few farmers and miners in the
west, a few planters in the south, a (ew
laboring men in tbe cities. I hero was
'the old guard" that had stood bythe
despised greenback party. There was a
few advanced and philanthropise men
whom the world had dubbed "cran
In the cultured east it had no foothold
and tbe name "populist" was a term of
reproach. It was without money and
had a press of only a few hundred weekly
But over it and its followers
fell the light of a sublime truth, and it
went forward.' In its first contest it
polled over a million votes; it elected
dozen congressmen, three governors.and
two United States senators. In the sub
sequent years it grew, and its influence
was felt more and more. In 1894 it
cast nearly two million votes, and in
1896 the prospects became bright for its
becoming the second, and eventually the
first great national party. But then the
democratic party, dishonored by Grover
Cleveland, casting around for a new issue
and a new lease oNife, took up"one or
two of the populist issues. It nominated
for its candidate a brave and brilliant
young man who, though a democrat
had been educated by the people's party
and elected by it to congress.
Then a crisis confronted thenew party
It chose tbe better part. For tbe sake
of one of its principles it laid its hope of
party ascendency in the dust, and for
the good of the people, voted to elevate
the democracy to power.
"In this it failed; bnt) had the demo
crats supported their candidate with the
loyalty shown by the pSpulists,he would
have been elected.
Populism is no longer despised. It
has become a powerful factor in Ameri
can politics. Its doctrines are permeat
ing both the other wings of the great
reform army. It today has eight sen
ators, five governors, twenty-four con
gresamen.and is tbe first or second party
in half the states of the west. It has
revolutionized the democratic party and
splitthe republican party in twain. It
bas complete control of the government
of a number of states, and it is showing
a vigor surprising to its enemies. It has
now reached a point where it will be a
prominent factor in shaping the desti
nies of this nation.
But what of the future? What is the
mission of the people's party in the com
ing three years and in tbe new centnry?
It seems plain: To go. on in the way
that it has gone, educating and spread
ing the light. The party is in no dan
ger of being absorbed. You might as
well talk about Christianity being ab
sorbed. The truths it advocates will
vitalize and strengthen it. It will con
tinue until every one of its principles are
enacted into law until the better day
which it has prophesied has actually be
gun. Today there is a general breaking np
in American parties. This will continue
more and more as the McKinley admin
istration progresses. Never before was
such an opportunity presented to the
people's party to spread its doctrines.
The ground is broken ready for sowing
the seed of truth. Let every populist
turn to the work with renewed energy
and with reinvigorated faith in the final
triumph of justice and right.
, The mission of the people's party has
TBE REFORM PRESS MEETINGS,
There was only one regrettable inci
dent about the Memphis meeting and
that was the Whitewashing of Tan der
Voort. It was impossible for any of
those from Nebraska, who knew the facts
to be present, on account of the expense;
so that the investigation was entirely
one-sided. It will do the gentleman no
good, however. He ceased to be a factor
in the peoples party, when he ; ceased to
be president of the reform press associa
tion. He should receive no farther men
tion, but should be dropped for good. .
Major Burkett, the new president and
Mr. Parker, the new secretary, we be
lieve both to be estimable gentlemen.
We do not know any of the other officers.
he resolutions adopted were very radi
cal but all good. Tbe meeting in every
was apparently a success.
The officers of the new association or
ganized at Kansas City are also all good
men. Mr. Sovereign, the president, is
known to all populists. Mr. Saunders,
the secretary, is a Nebraska man, the
bright and gentlemanly editor of the
Platte County Argus.
After tbe election of Major Burkett at
Memphis, we opposed the formation of
a new association, for the reason that
we believed it would cause unnecessary
discord. We hope that the two associa
tions may be spoedily joined together,
This ought not to be difficult.
There must be no division in the ranks
of the populists; especially should there
be no division between populist editors.
We all; cherish the same memories,
believe in the same principles, have m
view the same glorious object. Let there
be forbearance aud moderation and let
us all work together to reunite these two
associations on an equitable basis, so
that henceforth there need be no further
discord, but a common purpose to fight
tbe eueiny. f
THE HODERHAN BILL.
A measure has jast passed the house
known as the Soderman bill, that is in
the right line and should become a law.
It is a script bill. It provides that any
holder oi a state warrant may have
issued to him in lieu thereof state script,
viz: warrants of small denominations
from one to ten dollars. These war
rants do not draw interest but are re
ceivable for taxes and all state dues.
If any county treasurer shall get an ex
cess of the warrants, the state treasurer
shall redeem them out of the permanent
school fund, but while in tbe school fund
they shall draw five per cent interest.
Safeguards are placed about the issue of
the .warrants, so that tbe demand shall
always exceed the supply and there can
thus be no depreciation.
If the bill becomes a law, it will in
crease the circulating medium in the
state and be a relief to all concerned.
Senator Chandler is not the only prom
inent republican who has declared for
bimetallism since the election. Even a
more radical stand than that of Chand
ler's has been taken by ex-Congressman
Benjamin Butterworth, of Ohio. Many
will remember Mr. Uutterworth as one
of the most effective McKinley advocates
in the late compaign.
Recently he has published his views in
which occur the following pithy sen
"I am fully convinced that bimetallism
must be resorted to as one of the great
est elements of a return to prosperity.
"The promised era of prosperity is
"The idea of protection is very bad.
Under the McKinley bill there was a sys
tem of partnership between the manu
facture and the governmeut by which
great revenues were derived by extor
tionate taxation of the masses.
"I do not approve of what is popular
Iv known as the protective system.which
simply robs the people in general for the
benefit of a comparatively lew manufac
turers. "The condition of the country at the
present time is sucb as to cause the
BRYAN ENROCTE. ,
In his speech before tbe Missouri legis
lature Mr. Bryan arraigned the trusts
and monopolies with his old time vigor.
When called upon for a speech on his
way from Kansas City to the Missouri
capital Mr. Bryan expressed his surprise
at the number of people who evidently
were not busy or they would not have
been at the depots to see a defeated can
didate when the man who had promised
employment to them all was about to be
A NORTH AND SOUTH RAILROAD.
The natural outlook for the trade of
the entire section of country lying be
tween the Missouri river and the Rocky
mountains is the gulf of Mexico. Tbe
haul to the seaboard is only about oner
third the distance to New York, and thus
a vast amount in freight rates can be
saved. There are now two deep water
harbors on the gulf, one at Galveston,
Texas, the other at Port Arthur, Texas.
A direct line to either of these points
would save millions of dollars to the
farmers and grain shippers of Nebraska
The matter of a railroad direct to the
gulf of Mexico was first agitaled by a
number of populists, who formed a com
pany to build an inter state road from
the Dakotas to Galveston, such roads to
be owned an operated by tbe states
through which it passed. Prominent
among these were several Nebraska gen
tlemen, E. Stoddard, of Omaha, and C
J. Rundell, of Wayne, among the rest,
Beyond a great amount of agitation,
nothing much, however, has been done
along this line.
It has had one good effect, however.
which will be immediately felt; and we.
believe much further good will grow out ,
of it. !
The immediate effect has been that it '
has stirred up the Fort Scott and Gulf
railroad company to build a direct line
from Kansas City to Port Arthur. It is
that this line will enter into no pool or
combine, but will be independent. The
road will be open for traffic not later
than June of this year. It will have di
rect connections with Omaha.
This will result in a great cut in freight
rates to the seaboard and will thus bean
immense saving to the farmers of Kan
sas and Nebraska.
A JintriAt, CONSPIRACY.
Tbe Imprisonment of Joseph R. Dun-
lop, proprietor of tbe Chicago Dispatch,
has every appearance of a conspiracy
against the freedom . of the press. Tbe
Dispatch is the great free sil ver paper of
Chicago. It bas always been on the side
of the people. A year or two ago a case
was begun against Mr. Dunlop for the
publication of an obscene advertisement.
The case was started in tbe federal courts
as it was claimed he had committed a
crime against the postal laws. He was
convicted. Tbe case was takes to the
United States supreme court and the
finding of the lower court has just been
affirmed. Dunlop mnstgo to prison.
The fact of the matter is, however,
that almost every one of the leading
papers of Chicago has published the same
As a protest against the unjust decree,
a vast concourse of Mr. Dunlop's fellow
citizens gathered at Battery, D to do
him honor. He was treated as a . con
quermg hero and not as a prospective
Below is given tbe Dispatch account of
the affair, containing Mr. Dunlop's
Ovations have been given great men
in this country. Great generals have re
turned from victorious battles and beard
the triumphant shouts of applauding
hosts; during tbe enthusiasm of cam
paigns tbe standard bearers of a party
have received the tributes of their fol
lowers and friends, but never before in
the United States bas any private citi
zen been the recipient of such an ova
tion as the greeting given Mr. Dunlop,
Hats and handkerchiefs were waved by
10,000 people; many men stood on
chairs and cheered and cheered and
ladies waved, handkerchiefs, and down
in the Dociy oi tne audience one man
held a beautiful little girl high in tbe air
while she waved a banner and added her
weak voice to the great chorus of ap
plause. For five minutes the audience
cheered. It was Mr. Dunlop's first ap
pearance before an audience of sucb mag
nitude, ana ne would nave been more
than human bad that grand demonstra
tion of loyalty not touched his heart
and caused him to renew his vows to
battle for the cause of the people. His
bearing was calm surprisingly calm
He looked over a vast sea of 10,000
faces and spoke a few plain, simple and
mauly words in his own defense. When
be could be heard, Mr. Dunlop said:
Mr. Chairman and Friends: I have
been under medical treatment for tbe
better part of a year lor a very severe
case of throat trouble. Mr. physician
this morning said to me: "Under no
circumstances must you attempt to
make a speech in a large hall." In com
pnance witn that request I nave com
piled a statement of my recent troubles
in the federal courts, which will be read
to you. While on my feet 1 will say a
few words to you, my friends. The su
preme court of the United States has
tagged on me the brand of a convict.
kiss the hand of the supreme court be
cause I am a lover of law and order (ap
plause.) , I bow to that august tribunal
as tbe recognized law of this great coun
try, but, (and here Mr. Dnnlop 'seemed
to wait for a new inspiration) but I am
not a criminal, (thundering applause.
And I respectfully take an appeal to a
still higher tribunal the common peo
ple. (Wild cheers, long and continued.
I bring that appeal to you, my friends,
today. Knowing that you will do me
When Mr. Dunlop took his seat that
great audience again broke forth
cheers. Hats were waved, men pounded
the floor with canes, and ladies clapped
their hands. In the midst of the ap
plause a man struggled through the
crowd bearing a huge bouquet. When
this was handed to Mr. Dunlop the ap
plause again burst forth. Lre tbe tu
mult subsided a little girl, clad in a sum
mer costume, stepped forward and
handed np a floral basket of roses and
lillies larger than herself. Again the vast
audience arose and again it cheered
Was it cheering a criminal?
When something like a semblance of
quiet was restored Mr. Dunlop's state
ment was read. This was a plain, dis
passionate review of his alleged offense,
his trial and bis conviction. It embodied
his protest, showed that for business
reasons Tbe Dispatch had derived an in
consequential revenue from the same ad
vertisements all other great dailies have
and today are publishing, and gave the
reasons for the conspiracy against him
and his paper. It closed with his reaf
firmation of bis fidelity to the cause of
the people and the assurance that The
Dispatch would go onward and upward
growing in strength and power and
fighting for liberty, justice and human
ity. Upon tbe conclusion of the state
ment Mr. Dunlop was compelled to again
step to the front of tbe stage and ac
knowledge the demonstrations of ap
proval made by the great audience.
FOR SAFETY OF DEPOSITORS.'
A bill has passed the legislature pro
viding a tax on state banks for the safety
of depositors. This tax is to go into a
reserve fund held by the state treasurer
In case a state bank fails, after tbe assets
of such banks are exauBted this reserve
fund is to be drawn on to finish paying
depositors. In other words the bill pro
poses a sort of compulsory insurance
under direction of the state. The
idea embodied is the same as that out
lined by Hon W. J. Bryan in his speech
at the Jackson Day banquet in Omaha.
This idea if adopted by the national con
gress would be a long step toward gov
ernment banking. It is in the right line
and should become a law.
A PLAGIARIST EXPOSED.
There is a paper published at Valen
tine, this state, known as the Western
News. In the issue of Fehruary 19, we
find five short editorials published as or-
iginal, with no sort of credit mark,which
were written by the present editor of the
Independent nearly four years ago and
published in the Alliance-Independent, of
this city. More than that, they were
published under our own name, and
most of them have since been published
in all parts of the United States, still un
der our name. In the issue of February
20, of the same psper, we find another
one of the Items and a louger editorial
headed, i'Vfe Must Vote Out." All of
these are taken bodily, word for word.as
written by ns, and all are palmed off as
As if this were not enough the same is
sue has a fling at this paper. Here it is:
"The manv friends of the Nebraska In
dependent in this county are at a loss to
know why that paper should devote so
much of its valuable space to denounc
ing men obscure and forgotton long ago
within the councils of the populist
Tbe worst part about this is that it is
not true. This paper has denounced no
man in the populist councils Jexcept Van
Dervoort, and he is not a populist. We
have criticised a plan proposed by Mr.
Washburn, but have never spoken in
other than the most kindly way of the
gentleman himself. We have also shown
up the election of the gold-bug Pritcbard
in North Carolina. But have "de
nounced" nobodv in connection with it.
This is not the first fling the News has
made at the Independent. There have
been others little insinuations with
neither truth nor sense in them.
We welcome honest, open, truthful
criticism; but we despise inuendo.
Neither do we believe these flings come
from a disinterested motive. They have
all appeared since the editor of the News,
Geo. H. Rhinert, was defeated for chief
clerk by Mr. Eager, business manager of
this paper. If tbe gentleman has any
criticism to make of Mr. Eager, let him
make it boldly and above board and not
throw flings at the Independent.
Among literary men, plagiarism is the
most despised sin. Such a glaring ex
ample of it as this shall not escape with
out meeting a merited condemnation
Below is given the stolen items and ar
ticle referred to:
Men who make a business of wrecking
banks are tbe fellows who insist that the
present financial is the best the the world
ever saw. It is for them.
At the end of every stride has been a
mighty stride toward human liberty.
The end of the Nineteenth century will
not be an exception to that rule.
The lesson of the French revolution
ought not to have been in vain. The
oppression of labor ought to take warn;
ing. But tyranny is ever heedless of a day
The love of human liberty, if let to
take its on n course, is harmless. But if
tampered with it is dangerous. If con
fined it becomes an explosive that will
"rais Cain" when the pressure grows too
strong. Plutocracy should get off the
We don't hear the plutes talking so
much lately about "the best financial
system the world ever saw." and the
honest dollar," etc. Tbe whole busi
ness is too near the ragged edge.
Labor has benefitted this planet. . La
bor bas covered the earth with temples
and happy homes. Labor has carried
the race forward on the road to pro
gress. Labor has been ; the great lever
for the advancement of mankind. And
yet labor is clothed in homespun and
rags while idlers dress in broadcloth and
roll in eae. Is this right?
WE MUST VOTE OUT.
The question now confronting tbe
American people must be solved by
sober reflection. We do not need hot
beaded passion so much as intelligent
We want to win people by reason, not
prejudice. Hence all talk of any labor
war is ill-advised. If bloodshed unfortu
nately should come in the course of the
industrial revolution, let it be brought
about by the plutocrats.
Education is the "open sesame" of our
movement the magical word which will
throw back the gates upon the road to
the new era. -'
The ballot is tbe most powerful wea
pon ever put into tbe hands of the peo
ple. It is more powerful than the sword.
It is more powerful than the torch. It is
more powerful than the dynamite bomb.
and by its intelligent use we must
solve the problems which now confront
We must reason with men, not frighten
them by wild utterances. The way to
get out of our difficulties is to "vote
OF INTEREST TO ALL.
Subscribers will find marked on their
papers this week the date at which their
subscription expired if ' delinquent.
Please take notice and if you are in ar
rears make a remittance at once. .
Those subscribers that receive their
papers in single wrappers will find the
date of expiration marked on the wrap
per of their paper next week. They
will please bear this in mind and examine
their next week's wrappers.
Democrats populists and silver repub
licans have united aud nominated Geo.
L. Yapel for justice of tbe supreme court.
One populist and one silver republican
have been nominated for regents of the
University of Michigan.
Is absolutely essential to health. It Is impos
sible to get It from so-called " nerve tonics "
and opiate compounds. They have tempo
rary, sleeping effects, but do not CUKE. To
have pure blood and good health, take
Hood's Sarsaparilla, which has first, last,
and all the time, been advertised as just
what it Is the best medicine for the blood
ever produced. In fact,
Is the One True Blood Purifier. All druggists. It.
HOOd's Pills Constipation
assist Digestion and cure
26 cents. -
Tbe 4 recent municipal elections in
Iowa show immense gains for the eilver
forces everywhere. The populiste and
democrats carried almost every city in
which an election was held in some
electing all the officers, in othera a part
of them. In Atlantic City, a very hot
bed of republicanism last fall, tbe com
bined silver forces won a patriotic vic
tory. The same was true at Ottumwa
and many other points. The reaction
has started. From this time silver gains
will be seen in all parts of the country.
This will elect a silver congress in 1898
and will become a tidal wave in 1900.
A New President Republican Criminals
StateMoney la a Vault Everybody
Wants Special "Protection Money and
Properly Lecture to Boys.
A new president is to be inaugurated
this week. It will be the biggest show
and parade that the city of Washington
ever witnessed. And why shouldn't it be
gorgeous and splendid? He was elected
by and is to be the millionaire president.
When Victoria was crowned princes of
all India, the expanse and glitter was but
little greater. We ure fast aping royal
ty one or two more and we will be
ahead. It means to grind the common
people a little harder, that is all. ,
Two of our ex-stte officers are under
arrest for embezzlement and theft. Bart
ley for half .j million and Moore for $23,
000. All republicans, of eourse, and will
be tried before a republican eonrt and
probably cleared. Tin excuse will be,
they only miscalculated. Had tbe repub
licans carried the state, as they calcu
lated, all would be well.
Why would it not be a better plan to
build a fire and burglar proof vault and
keep all the state money in it until it is
paid out, just as tbey do in Washing
ton and in the old countries? Then state
warrants would be paid and school
money would be loaned as the constitu
tion directs, because the state officers
could not make anything by keeping it.
It is a little funny and not in harmony
with true Americanism that so many
must have special protection by special
laws. The doctors, undertakers, black
smiths, plumbers and storekeepers must
have special protection, and for what?
That they may charge higher for what
they do. The old fossil doctor who has
bled, purged, vomited and calomeiled for
half a century, now wants the young
blood of superior medical and surgical
training shut out for fear he will take
all the practice by curing his patients.
So of tbe other special protectionists.
tbey bavenot gumption enough to stand
on their own bottom.
John Ames thinks it is all "fool talk
ing on the street corners" that has
caused the bank trouble in the country.
Had it not been for the fools Mosher's
bank would be all right, I suppose. Just
keep on putting money in and take none
out if you want to save the banks.
. . ..
According to tbe Journal the drop in
the price of iron and steel is all on ac
count of the high protective tariff. The
richest and easiest worked iron mines in
the world never would have been dis
covered only for the McKinley tariff.
In fact the state of Minnesota never
would have been spoken iuto existence
only for the beauties of high tariff.
The relation of money to property
ought not to vary, as if there should be
any variation. The iucrease value of
property over money should come as
often as the increase of money over
property. In other words a thousand
dollars should buy just about as much
property at one time as another. Not
that the price of everything should re
main the same, but half the articles
should be as much higher as the articles
are lower. It is not so today. Every
thing is 35 per cent lower than the aver
age should be The truth is, gold has
really gone up 35 per cent in purchasing
power. The increase demand for it is the
reason and th increased demand comes
from not using silver freely.
We want to give the boys of Nebraska
a lecture on the subjct,"How to Succeed
on the farm.'' We will do so by telling a
true story of three short chapters. Our
hero and heroine are both still living
and bo are the other two characters
which we shall introduce.
The story commences back fifty years
ago, among the pine clad and coal filled
mountains of Pennsylvania. The two
boys were neighbors, James Estic and
Joseph Searles. The girls were sisters,
Susan and Mary Collins. They were boys
and girls together, working summers
and attending district school winters.
All full of fun, together with many mor
of the same turn. The boys loved fishe
iag for trout and hunting for deer. They
both boasted of bringing down a dozen
before they were fifteen. These two boya
were special friends of the two Evans
girls. Where one was found you general
ly found the four.
Nothing of note happened until 1859,
when this happy quartette was broken
and it happened from this cause: Jim's
father had mortgaged bis farm. He had
also signed notes for other men and
worst of all, he had got to drinking,
spending his time and money in a neigh
boring bar room. The hard times of '57
came on and the sheriff sold him out of
house and home. A yoke of oxen and a
cow was about all that was left.
There was nothing else to be done but
move further up the mountain, take a
piece of wild land and make another
home. One of the things thought of
was the. location would be twenty miles
from a bar room. They had no saloons
then. Jim's father thought of this as
well as the rest of the family, They could
pay for the land by cutting and hauling
sawlogs winters and clear the farm ur
Jim, the only boy, was now eighteen,
and upon him his father depended. It
was not the three years more of hard
work that he feared, but leaving the old
neighborhood be did not like. His love
of mother and sisters held him to the
task. With a true heart, a clear head
and two strong hands he submitted with
seeming cheerfulness to the unwelcome
duty laid upon him. f till, in his heart
of hearts, he felt that his father had
brought this calamity upon themun-
Continued on 5th page.
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