The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902, November 19, 1896, Image 7
Nov. 19, 1896. THENEBR SKA INDEPENDENT NOW FOR THE CONTEST In Behalf of Bimetallism to Be Waged for Four Years is Now On. 1IK.E2YAN S F022AL ADDBTS3 An Era of Education Dawn. The magnificent outpouring of people Saturday afternoon and evening to see and hear Mr. Bryan was indicative to say the least It demonstrated that the cause of bimetallism and the belief in its chief advocate had not been shattered by the temporary defeat of both on the 3d day of the present month. The afternoon meeting was under the auspices of the Mary Bryan club and men who sought to gain admission to the Funke were denied that privilege as the edict had gone forth that it was strictly a woman's meeting. Long before 3 o'clock, the hour for the speaking, every seat in the handsome 'theatre was occupied and it was found necessary to Beat between 300 and 400 on the stage. After a short business session of the Mary Bryan club, Mr. Bryan appeared and was presented by Mrs. W. M. Morn ing, the club's president. Instantly the vast assemblage gave vent to its admir ation for the man by cheers, clapping of hands and the fluttering of handker chiefs which did not cease for several moments. Mr. Bryan bowed bis ac knowledgments of the greeting and then spoke for about half an hour largely and almost entirely upon the part which women had taken in the campaign just closed, and the important part which they are destined to take in the future of the country. At the outset he thanked the members of the Mary Bryan club, for himself and Mrs. Bryan, for the work which they had done for the cause which he had represented. He referred to the fact that the admission to the meeting had been confined to members of the Mary Bryan club, and said that while he and Mrs. Bryan felt that they owed a debt of gratitude which they wanted to acknowledge by meeting these members in this way there should be no miscon ception of the object of that limitation of admissions. There was no desire to draw a line of demarkation between those neighbors who had supported the cause and Ms candidacy and those who had opposed both. The speaker said that the late cam paign had brought new things to the at tention of the people. One of these was the spectacle of presidential candidates addressing audiences composed entirely of persons who did not have votes. He said good humoredly "that some people might suppose from the results that most of the audiences which he had spoken to were composed of such non voters." He believed in the influence of women over those with whom they are brought in contact. Politics he denom inated a noble science, and said be bad no use for the citizen who thought him self too good to engage in politics. He believed it to be the duty of good men and women to make politics so clean that it would be fitting for anyone to take part in the affairs of government. He declared that he was happier with the privilege of advocating those things which be believed to be right and would be better satisfied during the next four years in a private station than any man could be in office tghich he was ele vated by the p."Aer of those influences which were opposed to the interests of the common people. He urged the women to continue the work which they had begun, and said that if he were asked when success would come he would say that it is not given to mortal to know the future. The duty of each is to fight for what he or she be lieves to be right and future generations will get the benefit in the uplifting of civilization which comes from the work of those who go before. So as the pres ent generation is enjoying the benefits of the work commenced by reformers 1,000 years ago, so later generations will benefit by what is done now, even if the present workers do not live to see the fulfillment of their desires. After the address Mr. nnd Mrs. Bryan took their position at the entrance and shook hands with the ladies as the latter left the bouse. . The Evening:. The evening meeting, under the au spices of the Lincoln Bimetallic club was the occasion of a demonstration fully as enthusiastic as any met by Mr. Bryan during the closing days of the recent campaign. As was the case in the after noon standing room was at a premium, and an overflow meeting at Bohonan's hall became necessary. At these meet ings Mr. Bryan delivered his first formal address since the election, sounding what is generally accepted as the key note of the campaign of 1900. Upon being presented by Dr. Edwards, Mr. Bryan said that he doubted if he could make himself beard, as his voice, which bad served bim bo long, was to night in a worse condition than it had been during the campaign. His object in consenting to address the ladies this afternoon and the present assembly to night was for the purpose of thanking local clubs for their work for the cause of bimetallism. He also wanted to encourage them to keep up the fight. THc as they had embarked in the car j and believed it to be right, it was their duty to continue to advocate it. Mr. Bryan said he thought it advisable while the bimetallists kept up their organization, to have all these clubs outside of Lincoln, to drop his name nnd become "bimetal lists." His audience objected with loud ahouts of 'never." Mr, Bryan insisted upon his advice, and notified the au dience by saying that he would be proud to have the various local clubs retain bis namo especially the Veterans Bryan club' as that would show that the old soldiers of bis home city were not afraid to trust him. "We have passed through a contest and were defeated," he continued, "but there is not a free silver man who is not willing to abide by the result. Every . man who, like a distinguished Npw Yorker, says that we may not abide by the result, if defeated at the polls, is a representative of the corporate power wnicn, entrenched behind the republican ty, batted against the people's in rst. We have not achieved all that we gt expected, out bimetallism was ronger the day after election than at any time during tbecampaign. We went into the fight a disorganized mass. We came out a splendid fighting force. Those who fought the battle will con tinue in the ranks nntil bimetallism is restored." , Mr. Bryan said if the truth were known the English people were far more inter ested in the success of the cold standard than the gold standard advocates of America. He reforred to Ambassador Bayard's declaration of pleasure in the election of McKiuley, "the high priest of protection," to show that the money question is of more importance than pro tection." "If the republicans can bring the coun try under the gold standard," he said, "then they must reverse the laws of na ture. We have said that trusts were dangerous to the rights of the people. We will now see if the laws against trusts are to be executed. ,lf we have confi dence in the intelligence of the American people we can depend upon it that if the party in power does not give the relief promised, then the people will see it and they will apply the remedy." . Mr. Bryan advised the clubs to have stated times of meeting, and at these meetings tbe acts and votes of public officials should be discussed. He advo cated organization and discussion by' the opponents of bimetallism as advised by Mr. Hanna, "because the more they dis cuss and reason about it, the fewer of them there will be." The speaker believed that the safety of the rights of the people depended upon there being freedom of discussion and agitation of public questions. He would like to have all the clubs of both parties continued, and discussions between them carried on. Information on public ques tions and sound conclusions of each in dividual are essential in public matters. Every person should think for himself, and those who think alike should stand together and fight together. The speaker concluded by saying he rejoiced with his audience over the bi metallists' success in Nebraska, but there was one drawback, and this was that the election of the bimetallist legis lature will prevent the state from hav ing a cabinet officer, He predicted that the newly elected state ticket would show to the people of the country that those who are banded together to secure the restoration of bimetallism are not only willing, but determined and able to give better government from top to bot tom. The success attained in this state should be used as a stepping stone to higher things. ' After leaving the Funke Mr. Bryan was driven to Bohanan's hall where an other large audience had assembled and for the period of an hour be spoke along the same lineB as at tbe previous meet ing. ' . IN A SNOW DRIFT. Ten Year Old Boy Found Dead Near Hemingford, Neb. Hemingfohd, Neb., Nov. 16. During the fierce snow storm that raged here last Monday night the ten year old son of John Kroesing, residing about eight miles northerst of here, wandered off and was lost. It seems that the little fellow started home from school with two younger brothers, but after going a short dis tance concluded to return and go home with the teacher. No one ever saw him alive again, and his body was found Sat urday morning half buried in the snow about a mile from Dunlap, Dawes coun ty. He had drifted with the storm some twelve or fifteen miles and then laid down and died. IRRIGATION DELEGATES. Governor and Mayor Name Men to Go to Lexington. Governor Holcomb Las appointed the following delegates to the fourth annual convention of the Nebraska state irriga tion association, which will be held at Lexington November 20 and 21, 1896: E. McLernon, Sidney; W. L. Park, North Platte; Theodore L. Pilger, Loup City; George P. Beniis, Omaha; George H. Lawrence, Columbus; Theodore Deutsch' Gering; W. N.Babcock, South Omaha; F. J, Hite, Lincoln; L. F. Ganson, Lodge Pole: B. G. Hoover, Big Springs; Elias Baker, Lincoln; Peter Younger, jr., Ge neva; William Miller, Burwell; H. S. Wil liams, Gothenburg; Charles Walker, Ogallala"; Lee Arnott, Lincoln; F. I. Foes, Crete; C. H. Meeker, McCook; R. J. Nightengale, Loup City; John Bratt, North Loup; E. M. Searle, Ogallala. The governor has added the name of 0. Nelson to tbe list of delegates ap pointed to attend the beet sugar con vention at Grand Island. Mayor Graham has appointed the fol lowing delgates to the meeting of the state irrigation association: H. A. Babcock, James O'Shee, R. O. Philips, F. M. Tyrrell, Fred Beckmann, V. O. P. Stout, J. H. Westcott, H. A. Scott, Joe Burns, J. P. Walton and O. W. Webster. A SAD ENDING. Doane,, College Foot Ball Player Dies From Injuries Received. Lawrence, Kas., Nov. 36. Bert Fv Serf, the quarter back of the Doane col lege eleven from Crete, Neb., who was carried from the foot ball game between Kansas university and Doane college after the last scrimmage Saturday died at 11:20 o'clock that night, not having recovered consciousness. In making a tackle Serf fell on his head and shoulders and theresult was concus sion of tbe brain. Several physicians were in attendance on him, and for a while he rallied, but at 11 o'clock there was a reaction, and the chances were against his recovery. Serf was a resi dent of Hastings, Neb., and his parents were summoned by telegraph. Three of Kansas star players have de cided to forever abandon foot ball, and tbe Doane team is so broken up that it may disband. No blame is attached to anyone. It was purely an accident. Serf was injured in a game at Hastings about a week ago quite seriously but partially recovered and declared that be was going to take part in tbe Kansas game or know the reason why. Tbe Doane team passed through Lin coln at 10 o'clock this morning en route home with the remains of their dead comrade. A number of state university boys met them at the depot. The mem bers of the team were very much broken up over the fatality. Along with the re mains was a ponderous box of flowers sent by the Kansas university boys. Young Serf was the son of a Hastings minister. THE NEW If the marvelous little submarine torpedo boat which the United States government has nearly finished at Bal timore does all the astonishing things the navy experts promise, she will be In large measure a real fulfilment of the dreams of Jules Verne in hie mas terpiece of fiction "Twenty Thousand Leagues Under tbe Sea." This is the only new' war vessel ever built by our government upon which the longing eyes of ambitious naval officers were not turned. It Is the first time the navy department has not been pestered by requests for assign ments to duty on a new ship. And the reason is that the new boat is looked upon as a very promising submarine coffin for the first crew that ventures out in her. Much of the warfare of the next cen tury must be conducted by submarine fighting machines, and this extraordin ary craft will, it is believed, solve the whole problem of under water war, to which inventors and naval experts have for years given such an incredible amount of study. This experiment, if successful, may render the great navies of the world powerless. t : The new boat is the object of rapt at tention from the naval nations of the world, who have learned in these later years to look to America for instruc tion in the science of naval building. There is much speculation and uncer tainty, however, even among our own naval authorities as to whether the new eraft will, upon practical trial, do all that her inventor, J. P. Holland, claims for her. ;3xperiments with submarine war vessels heretofore have been so disastrous, and the manipulation of this etrange craft is so different from anything hitherto taught in naval in stitutions, that the question of man ning her Is causing the navy depart ment a world of trouble. The Wonder of the World. The craft is a wonder. It is nothing more nor less than a huge steel fish, with lungs capable of holding enorm ous quantities' of fresh air, and possees- jpnmKiTCi-mwrnmi )"t 1 1 trr -j if , a I . 1 - , , , ' 1 , " 'i ij. ; ,-,1 - i ?, , c.. j A iA. ' i, f ? , ' J' k V " J '! , 1 V" t !,k ,'fr'jni, hi ..1 'm. i I tag a single great eye for surveying the surface of the ocean on all sides while the vessel itself is submerged and in visible. It has fins for diving and steering, and its vitality is furnished by steam and electricity. The boat is practically the Nautilus of Jules Verne reduced from dream to reality. It" is cigar shaped, pointed at both ends; 80 feet long, 11 feet in di ameter, and with a displacement of 118 tons when floating. Submerged It dis places 138 tons. Under ordinary cir cumstance it runs on the surface like an ordinary torpedo boat, with a speed of sixteen knots an hour. At will it can be lowered Jut enough to be under water, save for a turret of Harveyized nickel-steel, which is surmounted by a chimney. The armour of the turret is eight inches thick, and proof against ipld fire guns. The chimney contains a tube by means of which tbe air inside of the boat is kept fresh. Entirely Safe from Attack. In this half submerged condition the boat la comiaratlvclj safe from any sort of attack. It offers o small a SUBMARINE 5SIF0R 00R NflUYlr target that to hit it would be extreme ly difficult At any time it can sink entirely out of sight at a moment's no tice. The chimney and air tube are with drawn into the interior in a dozen sec onds.the opening is hermetically closed and the craft dives. It descends by taking water into compartments In tended for that purpose, thus changing its specific gravity, and also by inclin ing horizontal rudders so as to cause the nose of the steel fish to turn down ward. The depth attained is regulated automatically, the limit of safety being about 66 feet At a much lower level the pressure of water would crush the boat. , This submarine marvel has a double steel shell, and the space between the two coats is occupied by water ballast, coal bunkers and compressed air tanks. The interior of the craft is almost whol ly filled with machinery. There is no space for officers or crew to sleep or eat. Food must be brought along in cooked and compact shape, to be consumed in such fashion as may be. Life on this ship, if ship she is, will not be a thing of joy. Much of the interior space is taken up by electric batteries and ac cumulators. Electric apparatus re quires a good deal of room, but it makes no smoke and needs neither fuel nor air. There are also steam engines run by petroleum, and, tubular boilera consisting of a labyrinth of pipes. The eteam engines generate the electricity that is stored in the accumulators. Traveling on the Water's Surface. Suppose that the boat is traveling on the surface of the water, at a sixteen knot gait, when the pilot, looking out through a glass window in the turret, sees a hostile warship coming. The warship is of such vastly greater size that he spies it long before the enemy's lookout can possibly see the diving craft He touches a button on an elec tric switchboard at , his side, which transmits an order to the engine room. Without half a minute's delay the boat sinks until her superstructure, la just Y - 1 i Jth K I-1' I ' 1 IM , " k ' if W i' ft .11. lil ei. 2, ".iirtl!.. THE NEW TORPEDO BOAT. awash, so that only turret and chimney remain above the surface. The pilot is stil able to continue his inspection of the warship through the window aforesaid. If the vessel comes near, and he thinks he is in danger from the big rifled guns, he touches another button on the switchboard, and in one minute by the watch the submarine craft is safe from all danger or pur suit, eighteen feet below the waves. The Instant the order is given a bit of mechanism Is set in operation by which the chimney and air tube are telescoplcally withdrawn. Water flows into the empty compartments, and the horizontal rudders ate inclined for div ing. An indicator registers the depth, which Js so regulated by an automatic device that the craft cannot descend below the safety limit The steering is done by compass when under water, The Interioj of the submarine vessel is, lighted by electricity, with incandes cent lamps. , So long as the boat travels on the surface it is run by its triple expansion steam engines. hlch, small but power ful, actuate crews at the stern. WONDER! 4 When the craft has been wholly sub merged these engines are stopped, but there la enough steam at high pressure left In the boilers to propel the vessel for a considerable time longer. When it is on the point of exhaustion the pro pellers are connected with the electric motors, which will run the boat for six teen hours. Hakes Its Own Electricity. The vessel makes its own electricity by means of Its steam engines and stores it in its accumulators. This point gives to the Holland boat an im mense advantage over most of the for eign submarine vessels, which depend wholly on electricity for motive power, and are obliged to go to the shore at short intervals for the purpose of re filling their storage batteries. When the boat dives valves are opened from the tanks, which contain air condensed under a pressure of 2,000 pounds to tbe square inch. By this means the atmosphere inside of the submarine vessel is kept good for half dozen hours. In case It gets close and bad, the foul air may be pumped out It is not necessary for the craft to come to the surface even when the air stored in her reservoirs has been exhausted. In such a Case a two-inch hosepipe is unwound from the reel, its free end being attached ito a float, which, when released, rises to the sur face of the water, carrying with it the hose. ' Through this fresh air is numneri into the vessel, and the storage tanks are refilled under pressure. Thus it will be seen tbr,' the boat is able to stay under water almost .indefinitely, not. being obliged to come to the sur face to take breath, , Three days' pro visions are carried for the persons on board, four officers and eight machin ists. Its Organ of Vision. The most wonderful thing about this boat, however, Is the organ of vision for seeing while submerged. It has a single huge eye, by means of which it is able to survey the ocean's sur- face, though itself sunk some fathoms deep, and invisible. The vessel does not need to rise above the waves in order that the pilot may perceive "where he is at" It comes up merely to within a few feet of the surface,, and a long tube is elevated vertically, out of the water. The tube contains a sin gle arrangement of lenses and mirrors. The lower end of it descends into the steering room of the boat, where there is a pivoted circular table covered with a white cloth. The device is an appli cation of the familiar camera luclda. By moving the pivot table this way and that the pilot can scan the surface of the ocean for miles around. Every sail, every ripple, is as clear to his eye as if he were on the deck of a ship in the open air above. In her bow the boat has two torpedo tubes for the discharge of automatic torpedoes of the Whitehead or Howell variety. She carries five of these tsr pedoes, which are projected by com pressed air. Such a torpedo is a hol low, cigar shaped receptacle, much like a fish, carrying In its front end TOO pounds of gun cotton. After being dis it A charged frm the tube it runs ItscTl. t ing driven by a screw, with comrre- 3 air for motive power. It may be tlzt with accuracy at a mark 2CD jcj away and it will run 1,000 yarij cr more, exploding on impact. , Can Doi troy fttmegmt Vattlonalp. Let one of these fearful prcc-Ici strike the strongest battie&hlp, ari the proud vessel of steel and iron, floating mass of machinery tlxt Izs cost $4,000,000 to construct, U trzr formed in a moment Into as irca ctZz, carrying officers, and crew 'ta tl t: tom. Having delivered th fzl V.z?, the submarine boat glides awty, t come up presently near t&a rarfz:), and with the aid of her camera Izz'.li to look around upon the scene cf tia destruction she has caused herstr at the same time invisible and tats frcn pursuit Such a craft as the n&Ilanl boat would never try to attach a tor pedo to the bottom of a, ship. Shs picks out a Teasel for attack and makes isr her, occasionally coming near the sur face just long enough to permit ner commander to make sure of c!x course. The Holland, boat Is able to keep it ea in bad weather. Its radius cf ft tlon, traveling on the surface, If l,c:3 miles; submerged, it can . ct w miles. Its speed under water la e!;lt knots and it can be perfectly control: J 1 Special devices provide against every conceivable accident In ease It 1 sired to check the downward move ment of the boat quickly, a touch on a button connects a compartment of wat er at the bow with a tank of. com pressed air. The expanding air drives the water out ot the comparta2ent,tlrj lightening the boat If the suhsytrlrs vessel gets stuck in the mud at tl bottom, or for some other reason U est able to rise, officers and crew wKl izX on diving suits and escape throat hatchway. The boat Is to cost 150,CCO. If tt proves a success, two others are tt t built This one, Mr. Holland t rys, lJ not as big as it ought to be, but I'j , size was limited by the appropriation. As soon as. it is finished, It will tU :a for a trial trip down the Ches;:ils, NICKNAMES OF PRESIDENTS All of Vhcm Ware Known ttr rmlt nrms Indicative of Character Washington was "Father cf llli Country," "American Fablus," tli "Clncinnatus of the West" "The AC: 3 of America," "Lovely GeorJ-u," "Flower of the Forest," "Deliverer cJ America," "Stepfather of Ills Gen try" -and "Savious of , His Country." Adams was the "Colossus of Independ ence," Jefferson waa the "Sage of llzn tlcello" and "Long Tom" Madison wti "The Father of the Constitution.; Kon roe was the "Last Cocked Hat" ami John Quincy Adams the "Old Man Elo quent" Jackson was, of course, "Old Hick ory," "Big Knife and Sharp KntfJ," the "Hero of New Orleans," "GIn'rtr and "Old Hero." Van Buren was G 1 "Little Magician," the "Wizard ot II". derhook," "Follower In the Footst"" "Whisky Van," "King Martin ; t -First," "Sweet Little Fellow." Til cal Grimalkin" and "Weasel." W. II Harrison was "Tippecanoe," "Oil T'. and the "Washington of the Vt-t." Tyler was "Young Hickory" and "Acci dental President" Polk also wu "Young Hickory," the sobriquet belsj used to resurrect the Jacksenian ele ment Taylor was "Old Rough and Ready," "Old Buena Vista" and "01 J Zach." Fillmore was the "American Louis Philllppe." Pierce was "Purse." Buchanan wae "Old Public Function ary," and "Bachelor President" and "Old Buck." We have now reached Lincoln, the "Rail SpUtter," "Honest Old Abe," "Uncle Abe," "Massa Un kum," "Father Abraham" and the "Sectional President," the last name being given by the southerners who maintained that he represented tie north and not the whole people.. Then somes Johnson "Sir Veto." Grant was "Unconditional Surrender," "Cll Three Stars," "Hero of Appomattox" and the "American Caesar." Haysi was the "President de Facto," a name given him by the defeated democrats. Garfield was the "Martyr President" Arthur was "Our Chef and the "First Gentleman in the Land." Cleveland Is the "Man ot Destiny," "Grover," and "Stuffed Prophet" Harrison Is "Backbone Ben" and "Grandfather! Hat" Louis Affaula. The early years; of Agassis read like a fairy tale of Incredible achieve, ment sHis bent toward natural scleao showed Itself almost In infancy aci grew with hjs growth. At fourteen we' find him sighing for a list of un attainable books-:P'Ahville, Rltter. and Italian dictionary, a Strabo la Greek, Manaert and Thiersch; and also the works of Malte-Brun and Sey fert Falling to get these he' copied whole volumes with the assistance cf his brother, among others Lamarck's Animaux sans Vertebres. His parents. wno una unuueu uiui w a cummercuu career, were with difficulty Induced to consent to his studying medicine. At twenty-three he was not only a doctor of medicine, but of philosophy as well, and the author of a work on Brazilian lahes, which won for him. a name among the scientists of Europe and the personal intimacy of Cuvier and Hum boldt At twenty-live he began his career as a lecturer and Instructor, and at once demonstrated that extraordi nary ability as a teacher and that gifj of inspiring enthusiasm In his sultixi which were such marked characterLv tics'of his later years. In 1848 he ma') hls: first visit to America, 'and tr years later accepted that professor!.;;; at Harvard which determined the tr. of his remaining life. Tip-toe walking symbolises surjT" curiosity, discretion or mystery.