Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902 | View Entire Issue (June 25, 1896)
June 25, 1896.
THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT
ELe Nebraska ilnuepcnumt
THE WEALTH MAKERS n4 LINCOLN
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY
IndEpEijdeijt Publtehiijg So.
At 1120 K Street,
LINCOLN, - NEBRASKA.
$1.00 per Year in Advance.
Addreu all communication to, and make all
draft, money order, etc., payable to
THE INDEPENDENT PUB, CO,
j LlXCOLS, MB.
In the last two or three weeks we have
gent statements to all of those who are
behind on their subscription to the
paper, A few have responded with the
cash, Rome have written that they
would pay in a short time. The remain
der have ignored the statement entirely.
To this last class we have to say that
we cannot go to the expense of sending
out another statement, nor can we af
ford to write between 7000 and 8000 per
sonal letters to delinquent subscribers.
Those who do not pay or make some
satisfactory explanation for not doing
so, will have their names taken off the
list and the accounts will be sent to the
Publishers' Collection Agency for col
lection. It costs us money to hire help
and buy white paper. We cannot send
this paper for nothing and shall not try.
Independent Pub., Co.
Populists in two or three counties in
the state are making arrangements to
subscribe for, from 300 to 1,000 copies
of the Independent, in their several
counties to be sent from now until the
close 0! the campaign. Other counties
desiring to do bo please write immed
iately for terms.
The political boss culminated in Mark
We'll never do it, so that's an end of It,
and our friend Bryan will please take
The Brocton Diamond (Mass.) calls J.
A. Edgerton "the poet laureate of the
Allen and Holcomb are done for now
The A. & I, U. is down on them. That
ends their career.
Both the temporary and permanent
chairman of the republican convention
were corporation hired men.
The hotels in Grand Inland have made
a rate of f 1.25 per day during the popu
list state delegate convention.
The surroundings were so depressing
at the McKinley convention that even
Chauncy M. Depew couldn't make a joke.
Cy clone Payjs of Texas says that the
Lord delivered him Once out of the camp
of the democratic party and he will never
have to do it the second time.
- We are delighted to notice that the
Lincoln local dailies do not at all ap
prove of the matter or style of the Inde
pendent and plainly say so.
The greenback which put down the
slaveholders' rebellion will yet conquer
the bankers' insurrection. It conquered
slaveocracy and it will conquer bankoc
racy. The Nebraska delegation came back
Irom bt. Loui8 enthusiastic not over
principles not over theircandidate but
over some tin canes Mark Hanna gave
Some of the republican dailies have al
ready begun to howl about free trade,
which comes about as near being an is
sue in this campaign as the African
The "God and morality party" turned
Sunday into a pandemonium at the re
publican national convention in St,
Louis with their parades and drunken
The St. Louis convention proved one
thing. The money power can buy votes,
but it cannot buy- enthusiasm. It was
the most fetolid convention ever held in
the United States.
Gen. Van Der Voort says in his letter
"Nobody knows better than you that
the charges were false." Glad to see the
general sustaining the Independent in
this unqualified way.
The populists from the south who
were at St. Louis last week were unani
mous in their declaration that a demo
crat nominated at Chicago could not get
even a small percentage of populist sup
port in the south. Everyone at all ac
quainted with the terrific fight the popu
lists in the southern states have made,
The name of Senator Teller is on more
lips today than that of any man in the
United States, not excepting McKinley,
the gold standard nominee of the repub
Senator Teller was born in Alleghany
county, N.Y., May 23,1830. He went
to Colorado in 18G0 and practiced law
until 1876. when he was elected to the
United States senate, and ha held his
seat continuously, except the four years
he was a member of President Arthur's
The editor of the Independent had
the privilege of intimate relations with
him for two years while at Washington,
and he proposes to tell the readers of
this paper what manner of man he is.
While In Washington Senator Teller
lives in a very modest way, always going
to and from the capitol in the street
cars. He is very abstenious in. his hab
its, eating only two meals a day his
breakfast in the morning and his dinner
when he comes home at night On the
Btreet he would be taken for an ordinary,
well-to.do farmer, so careless is he of his
Of course the many interviews the
writer had with the senator were of a
confidential nature, exeept those printed
at the time, but it will be no violation of
confidence to state that Henry M. Teller
two years ago made up his mind as to
what he was going to do, having become
convinced that the republican party had
abandoned the republicanism of Lincoln
and the interests of the common people,
and was trusting its fortunes wholly to
the money power.
At one time he gave to the writer an
interview for publication announcing
his purpose, which was to have been given
to the press the next day. Early the
next morning he sent his private secre
tary to the writer and requested a further
conference. He was eating his breakfast
when we arrived, but he came right out.
He said in substance that he had been
thinking over the matter most of the
night and had come to the conclusion
that it was not the proper time to make
the announcement or the best mode of
doing it. We wish we could, without
violating any confidence, relate the con
versation that followed. It would make
every patriotic heart in America burn
Upon leaving we laughingly remarked:
"Senator, without doubt you are right
in your conclusion, but you have spoilt
a big scoop on ie other newspapers."
He stood still as if thinking for a mo
ment and then said:
"I'll tell you what you can do.. You
can give the substance of the interview
and say that is the rumor around the
senate and that Senator Teller does not
The next issue of the Nonconformist
contained that statement.
Seator Teller is not a single silver
plank man. He is a thorough populist
in his ideas on money, as the following
extracts from his speeches 1 will prove,
in the appendix to odd session, page
357, will be found this statement of his:
"If the United States, wiping out all
its money, should declare that it would
have $1,500,000 in paper, and, although
not redeemable in gold or silver, it
should be taken for public dues and
should be a legal tender between all citi
zens of this great Country, the demand
for it would be so great that it would
be as good as gold,"
Again, on the same page, he says:
"Suppose all the world declared that
gold wasno longer money. What use
can you put it to? It is good for bang
les and spangles, and cases of watches,
but there is more gold iu the world than
the world could use for such purpose in
fifty years. Over forty-nine-fiftieths of
t would be hunting a market and no
body would want it."
On page 1420 of the Congressional
Record of the 53d congress will be found
"I see a senator in front of me who ob
jected one day to certain proposed amend
ments to the bank bill by saying it
would be fiat money. Mr. President,
there is no money that is not fiat money.
There is no money that is not made so
by direct declaration of law. Old Aris
totle laid down that principle, and no
body has been wiser on this subject than
he. While they (the Romans,
allowed the emperor to coin money
whenever he saw fit out of gold or silver
and fix the relation of one metal to the
other, they said nobody but the Roman
senate snouid ever issue a bill some
times it was of one material and some
time's of another and they put upon it
in great capital letters 'S. C. Ex-Senatus
Consulto.' 'The senate has consulted
and issued this, and therefore we order
that it shall be taken as money.' That
is what it meant, and it became the
money of the realm and was current
There are eight or ten senators who
spend nearly as much time in the bu
preme court room arguing cases for cor
porations as they do on the floor of the
senate. Senator Teller is an eminent
lawyer, but in the whole twenty years
that he has been in Washington he has
never appeared once for a corporation
He has a perfect hatred for that kind of
senators. One day he remarked: "When
ever a bill affecting corporations comes
up you will see either" naming five or
six senators "jump to his feet as if he
were a jack in the box and someone had
pulled the string."
Teller is a man of unflinching courage'
One day Sherman made a statement for
the evident purpose of having it sent out
by the Associated Press. Senator Teller
arose and said: "The statement of the
senator from Ohio is false, and the sen
ator knew it was false when he made it.
Furthermore, the senator from Ohio has
been in the habit of knowingly making
false statements on the floor of the sen
ate for the last twenty years."
That night there was a great deal of
excitement at the press club rooms and
along newspaper row. Reporters kept
coming in saying what Sherman or his
friends were going to do. By 11 o'clock
the newspaper men had about come to
theconclusion that there was going to
be some shooting done, and this writer
concluded he would go and see Senator
He found the senator sitting at his
desk quietly answering letters. When
asked about it he replied, in substance,
"Yes, I understand there is a good
deal of excitement down town over this
affair, but it will all amount to nothing.
John Sherman knows he told a false
hood, and be will not want the proof of
it read on the floor of the senate. The
money power are not fighting men.
That is not their game. Their success is
in lying, cheating and robbing. How
ever, if any one of them wants to do any
shooting, let him come along."
The next morning the press gallery of
the senate was crowded to over-flowinjj.
Sherman came in, took his seat, the
morning hour passed and the senator
from Ohio had not opened hfs lips. So
the incident was closed.
Everyone knows Senator Teller's an
tipathy to the corporation gold bug
lawyers in the senate, but he had a per
fect loathing for such men as Quay and
Chandler, and their methods, which he
never made any effort to conceal.
' Such is the man who walked out of the
republican national convention after it
had surrendered to the money power.
HEFORM PRESS ASSOCIATION.
There has been a meeting called of the
reform press at St. Louis, two days be
fore the meeting of the populist conven
tion. Here is one pop editor that don't
propose to have anything to do with
tb at affair. No m ore in appropriate time
for such a meeting could have been se
lected, unless it was the intention to
create a little notoriety for a few egotists
who think that because they edit weekly
papers they are the brains of the popu
list party and have a right to dictate
a policy and platform for it. They have
no such right. They represent no body.
They are not sent to the meeting by
any vote of any section of the people's
party. Their sayings and doings have
no more authority than that of any
other lot of fellows who come together
and talk politics, The reform press as
sociation could do a good deal of good,
if it would confine itself to matters that
concern the circulation and improve
ment of populist newspapers and let the
matters pertaining to regular organized
delegate conventions alone.
When the people's party wants to de
fine a policy or give out an authorita
tive declaration of principles, it allows
the whole party to Bend delegates to do
it. The members of the party select men
they have confidence in and who know
what populism is, to do that work.
They have never delegated that kind of
work to a lot of editors and they never
If such papers were read as that fur
nished by Henry Vincent at the last
meeting of the association, and topics of
like nature were discussed, this editor
would like to take a hand. But when it
comes to making platforms and denounc
ing this man and endorsing that man we
beg to be excused,
The Independent hopes Gen. VauDer
bort will go down there, and all by
imself, hold a session, Ub can then
write resolutions praising himself and
denounceing Allen, Holcomb, Weaver,
Taubeneck, Judge Maxwell and every
one else connected with the populist
movement, pass them "unanimously"
and give them out to the Associated
Press Liars to be printed in every old
party paper jn the United States the
next morning. Oh! wouldn't the General
have a glorious time! We are too busy
attending the exacting duties of publish'
ng a live weekly paper something the
General knows as much about as a pea
cock does about music to waste it at
at such a gathering as that.
SHIN PLASTKR FRAUDS.
A government can do no more dis
graceful uaing than to go hawking its
due bills around, or what is tne same
thing, putting out paper promises to pay
with no day set for payment. Such
performance might be expected from a
bankrupt or sharper who wanted to
cheat; but a government cannot do that
and maintain "untarnished honor. Its
duty is to coin money and regulate its
value, not to issue shin-plaster promises
to pay, no one knows when. Every one
of these "promises to pay," whether is
sued by the government or national
banks, is a fraud and a cheat, and
everybody knows it is. It is to be hoped
that the days of these shin-plaster frauds
From the scores of republicans one
meets on the streets of Lincoln wio
openly declare that they will not vote
the gold standard republican ticket, one
is led to believe that about all that is
left of the republican party fn this city is
the State Journal, Bud Lindsey, and the
WHAT 1 (MKIALISMT
The people part I not socialistic Senator
When Senator Allen aaaert tbat popnllet are
not socialists be will find nine-tenth of tbem
taking Issue with him on tbat question. Sound
New York le not the only city to realize tbat
eleanllnoia le the next thing to godliness. Phila
delphia I to bare public bath which will be ope
the year ronnd. together with twenty set of
tatlonary tab for laundry work, and ample
drying room. Socialism Is an awful thing,
truly DenTer News.
Tb Omaha platform ia socialistic in It nature
not extremely so. bnt nevertheless It is socialis
tic Arkanaaw Kicker.
What I characteristic of socialism Is the joint
ownership by all the members of the community
of the instrument and means of production.
which carries with it the consequence that the
division of the produce among; the body of the
owners must be a public act laid down by the
community. John Stuart Mills. ,
Socialism, while it may admit the state'
right to own property over against another
state, does away with all ownership on the part
of the member of the state, of things tbat do not
perish in the using-; or uf their own labor Wool
We demand the public ownership of all the
means of production and distribution. Socialist
There has been a great deal of confus
ion created by the use of this terra "so
cialism." If socialism means the entire
overthrow of our present system of gov
ernment by the destruction of the right
of individual ownership of property, ex
cept such things as are owned for a few
hours only and then consumed, the pop
ulists are not socialists, and have no
sympathy with it. That is what Mill,
Woolsey, and all the standard writers
say it is.
But educated men begin to call the
public ownership of street car lines, tele
graphs and telephones, socialism. In
that sense all populists are socialists.
But there is a limitless distance between
the two things. Under socialism as de
fined by the leaders of that .system, a
man would be designated by the central
authorities to run a street car. He would
have no salary, but an equal ownership
in all the products of the communitv.
Under public ownership as populists be
lieve in it, a man would be hired to run
the street car, he would be paid a salary,
and he could spend his salary as he
pleased. There is a very wide difference
there. Populists believe in the public
ownership of certain monopolies now
used to oppress the people. But under
no definition of any standard authority
can tbat be called socialism. No dodu-
list believes-in the common ownership of
PROVE THE CHARGES.
The following correspondence is print.
ed that the populists of the state may
fully understand the whole matter. The
editor of the Independent, as far as in
his power, will mete out exact justice to
all. He refused to publish Chairman Ed
gerton's personal reply to Gen. Van Der
Voort. The populist public have notff
ing to do with that, but they have with
serious charges against Allen, Holcomb,
the last state convention aud the present
populist organization in this state. If
there are any men in this state traveling
up and down to elect delegates who will
work to overthrow populist principles,
we want to know who they are. If there
are any such they will get a worse dose
than was ever served up to John Sher
man: Omaha, Neb., June 28, 1896.
T. H. Tibbies, Lincoln. Dear Sir: I have had
no reply to my request for spaee to reply to
charges In Independent. I again request the
privilege. I presume you will all be up to the
Rosewater reception this week. I shall seek an
other avenue to reach the people unless you an
swer my letter. No one knows better than you
that the charges were false.
PAUL VAN DER VOORT,
Lincoln, Neb"., June 19, 1896.
Gen, Paul Van Der Voort.-Dear Sir: I beg
pardon for not answering yours of June 13th
sooner, but I am constantly overworked and all
correspondence has to wait Its turn. v
In reply I will say that if you have any proof
that men are traveling over this state seeking to
influence the people to pack the populist state
convention, as you charge In your populist club
circular, I will print it, but 1 want evidence, not
charges. I want to know the names of the men
and the places they have visited.
I will not give you space in this paper to pub
lish slanders on the populist party for the Inde
pendent Is a populist paper like the following
from your populist club circular, where you say:
In these days, when old party methods are be
ing constantly used in our ranks, when men are
going all over the United States seeking to elect
delegates who are willing to abandon some of
our fundamental principles."
I have as good an opportunity as you to know
whether such things are being done, and I have
never heard of them. But If you have any
proof of your charge, I will print It. Always
bearing in mind that Associated Press dispatches
are not accepted as evidence in this office.
T. H. TIBBLES,
HE DARE NOT TELL.
The Nonconformist criticises an ar
ticle in the Independent in the follow
ntr humorous lansrusge: "Low and
mean." "Venomous," "A wilful libeler,'
'Independent liar," "Lying interpreta
tion." "contemDtable sheet," "Worse
than a lie." "A creature posing as a re
That article created more fun in the
Independent office than anything that
has happened for a long while. Even the
editor of tHat historic Arizona sheet
could not beat that very much, for one
short article. Dollars to doughnuts, the
Nonconformist dare not tell its readers
who the editor of the Independent is
Th editor of the Nonconformist was
moved to use all those complimentary
phrases on account of an editorial in the
Independent about the Denver News,
And yet the Independent was right
Tom Patterson has been trying to coax
or force the Chicago convention to nom
inate Teller and in the article which was
quoted, when he spoke of the democratic
nomination be meant Teller, Hesai
fifty times in the last few weeks that the
nomination of a democrat at Chicago
meant defeat even if endorsed by the
populists. The editor of the Noncon
formist is excused for the use he makes
of adjectives for he does not seem to
have the intellectual capacity to under
stand the good English that usually ap
pears in the Denver News.
THE HAKD OF FATE CPON THEM.
Of all the conventions which I have attended
the convention of IS! was most distinguished
for its paucity of orator and it lark of soul
stirring oratery. W. E. Aruln in State Jounal-
How could flights of oratory be ex
pected from men who were planning to
make serfs and slaves of the farmers and
laboring masses of their native land?
The thing was impossible. Men cannot
be eloquent over the prospect of crush
ing out every hope of independence
among the common people. Such con
duct does not inspire oratory. Annin's
records of the eurts to enthuse is as
The speeches of the nominating orators, from
which so much Is always expected fell flat, Men
looked at each other as they tried to cheer as It
to appeal for assistance- The applause sounded
as if drawn out by violent effort. The occupants
of the galleries moved restlessly in their seats,
In some section yawn were the loudest ap
proach to appreciation.
This report is made by a gold stand
ard writer and printed in a gold stand
ard paper, the State Journal. Editor
and proprietor both seem to be within
the shadows that coming events cast be
fore them. But the shadows will roll by
and the bright sun of prosperity will
shine again when these gold standard
robbers are whipped from office, as it
now seems they surely will be after the
4th of March 1897. The band of fate is
upon these men. Their doom is sealed
and there is no further appeal.
DRIVING CAPITAL AWAY.
The Baldwin Straw Plating works of
Milford, Connecticut have shipped all
their machinery to Japan and will go in
to business there.
A City of Mexico special says: "The
bank of London and Mexico will increase
its capital to $10,000,000, in order to
provide funds for its growing business.
It has just paid 14 per cent, dividend.
"The national bank of Mexico has pur
chased Hotel De La Gran Sociedad, and
is expected to build a magnificent edi
fice on its site.
"The Deutsche bank of Berlin has de
cided to open a branch here with ample
capital on the first day of June. There
is a great interest aroused in financial
circles by this attempt of the greatest
bank of Central Europe to secure busi
ness in this country, and the fact that it
will open a branch is taken to indicate
confidence in the financial solvency and
continued prosperity of this country."
Can not any one see how the free coin
age of silver drives capital out of the
countryl We refuse to coin any silver,
and yet neither Americans nor foreign
ers want to invest in property or indus
tries in the United States.
THEY CAN'T DOIT.
Mark Hanna went to canton and con
sulted with McKinley on Monday. After
wards he said to the newspaper men in
answer to a question as to the shape or
direction the campaign would take: "Oh,
it will be strongly tariff, you may be sure
that." Another of the prominent
managers present said: "ine money
question will cut no important figure."
There is now no doubt that the Wall
street game is to carry the Chicago con
vention for gold if they can, but at any
rate to make it declare for free trade.
Then they think they can get the peo
ple to fighting over the tariff again and
while that is going on, permanently fas
ten the gold standard and European
conditions upon the people of the United
States. They can never do it. They
cant fool all the people all the time.
TELLER ON BANKS.
I hold, as I have on this floor many
times stated, that the control of money
the prerogative of nationality and
sovereignty, that no government is justi
fied in surrendering it; not justified in
surrendering it even for the most patri
otic and most intelligent of all the men
who could be selected and it cannot be
trusted to the hands of corporations. It
must be controlled by the general gov
THEREFORE I HAVE ALWAYS GIV
EN MY VOTE AGAINST THE CON
TINUATION OF NATIONAL BANKS
AS BANKS OF ISSUE.-Extract from
speech in the senate August 29, 1893,
Cong. Rec. p. 1021 53 Coug.
Senator Teller's speech on Banks from
which the above is taken will be printed
in full next week.
THE LIARS KELT.
,There was a sharp contest during the
week for the Liars Belt but the St. Paul
Pioneer Press won with hands down with
the following coldblooded lie, in an arti
cle in which it was denouncing congress
man Towne for bolting the party along
with Teller. After reading the statement-
no one will deny that it is the biggest lie
printed during the wee"k. It said:
In what has the republican party changed its
principles on the money question? When
came into power in 1801 It found the gold stand
ard prevailing as It had prevailed for nearly a
century. All the vast financial transactions of
the government thereafter, throughout the war
were based on the gold standard,
Senator Teller walked out of the re
publican convention in a storm of hisses
and groans, but he may walk into the
White House amid the plaudits of are-
deemed American people and take
place in history by the side of Jefferson
Jackson and Lincoln. Who knows?
There will be 30,000 majority in this
state at the coming election against the
Thurston-McKinley gold bug combine.
There were 61 men in the republican
convention vile enough to vote for that
public defaulter and all-round villain and
thief, Matthew S. Quay.
The State Journal says "that the re
publican convention was notable for lack
of three things: Crowds, enthusiasm and
oratory." Robbers of mankind usually
lack those three things.
The free silver managers . of the demo
cratic party might just as well expect
the Ethopian to change the color of his
skin as to expect populists to vote for a
democrat nominated at Chicago.
The pictures of Senator Teller which
are appearing in the daily papers have
hardly a resemblance to the. man. The
only thing correct about them is that
the senator combs his hair back with no
attempt at parting.
The goldite dailies announced that all
the bolting republican senators terms
were about to expire and they expected
to ride in on a silver craze in the west.
But the facts are these. Pettigrew's terra
expires March three, 1891, and Cannon'a
at the same time.
The southern populists got an ex
perience of "reform within the demo
cratic party" the time they elected fifty!
two alliance congressmen and every man
of them deserted, except Tom Watson,
as soon as they got to Washington.
They will never try that thing again.
At the headquarters of the Nebraska
delegation to the republican convention
there was posted up on a large mirror a
placard, on which was printed in big let
ters these words: "WE ARE FOR GOLD."'
What do the, 25,000 free silver republi
cans in this state who voted for Thurs
ton think of that?
Any man can now tell why Thurston
insisted that Peter Jensen should be a
delegate at large from Nebraska. He
had contracted with Wall street that
the Nebraska member of the committee
on platforms and resolutions should be
for gold and gold only.
"Can't you trust us? See how we have
denounced our own president," say the
democrats. Every pop in the laud not
only denounced his own president.but de
nounced his own party and left it long
ago, and that is what you will have to- -do
before the American people will "trust
In three states in the Union the repub
lican national convention could not find "'
a man who was mean enough to accept
the position of national, committeeman,
and for the first time since the war the
g.o.p. goes before the country with a big
gap in its lines.
The Nebraska delegates to the repub
lican convention were the most bitter
and pronounced goldites in the whole
convention. They out-did Wall street
tself in their demand for gold, gold, gold.
Peter Jensen was put on the platform
committee and there he yelled louder for
gold than ever would Ickelheimer and
As soon as the republican sub-commit
tee had drafted the financial plank it was
telegraphed to J. Pierpont Morgan and
he replied that it was satisfactory. It
was then reported to the convention and
adopted. Not a man on the committee
would run the risk of adopting the plank
until it had the approval of Wall street.
The goldite democrats have evidently
made up their minds to take in the Chi
cago convention. Millionaire hitney,'
Cleveland's first secretary of the navy, 1
gave up h s European trip and will go toj''
Chicago as the leader of thegoldbug
forces. Gorman has announced that he
will be there. With Whitney's millions
and Gorman's wiles, things will be pre'.ty
lively at the Chicago convention.
The populist editors outside of Nebras
ka are beginning to understand Gen.
Paul Van Der Voort's schemes. The
Topeka Advocate remarks that "'Paul
Van Der Voo'rt can expect little sym
pathy from the populists of the country
in his fight against Governor Holcomb
and the party organization in Nebraska.
Populists generally regard Governor
Holcomb as a true, able and sincere
The behavior of the gold bug crowd at
St. Louis was so disgraceful that even
Annin recorded the fact in the Sunday
State Journal that, "Probably no one
but the hotel keepers, the restaurants
and the street fakirs regret" what seems
to them the premature .departure of the
embattled hosts of sound money and
protection. The old resident breathes a
sigh of relief and satisfaction over the
announcement that the last special train
of delegates has started out of the city."
If the Liar's Belt had not been
awaraea to tne noneer rress Detore the j
f 1, : 3 a 1 r. , t I
loiiuwiiiK nppeuruu, tne mate jour-j
nal would have got it, for the following
editorial statement Tuesday morning,
said: "While the populist managed
reap some benefit from the state election
this year, their vote in Oregon is smaller
by 4 per cent, in 1896 than it was in
1892." The truth is that the populists
made a .gain of nearly 6,000 votes over
the last election.
knows that to be true. 4 Mvi-
Powered by Open ONI