The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902, June 11, 1896, Page 2, Image 2

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June ir, 1896.
(Continued from tnt page,)
officers expressed themselves as being of
the opinion that tne law wouia not per
mit the Investment of the state's money
in Nebraska state warrants and wanted
an opinion from the attorney general.
Th governor sent the resolution up to
the attorney general's office next morn
ing with this letter of transmittal:
Executive Chamber, Lincoln, Neb., Jan
nary 16, 1896. .
Hon. A. 8. Churchill, Attorney General.
Dear Sir: Agreeable to a desire as in
formally expressed by yourself and other
members of the board of educational
lands and fnnds for time to consider the
resolution presented by myself at the
meeting on yesterday looking to the in
vestment of a portion of the permanent
school fund in registered warrants here
to fore and hereafter to be issued I beg
to enclose herewith a copy of the resolu
tion for your consideration and, in do
ing so, to call your attention to certain
provisions of the law and opinions of the
court which I have collated in my exam
ination of this question and which, per
haps, will assist you in your considera
tion of the subject, towit: Sec. 8, Art.
VIII of the constitution; Sections 24 and
26 of chapter 80, compiled statutes of
1893 edition; 25th Neb. C50; 40th Neb.
298 and 41st Neb. 277.
Yours very truly,
(Signed) Silas A. Holcomd.
Now the duties of the attorney gen
eral's office are not so engrossing but
that they admit the frequent absence of
the chief, his deputy and stenographer at
Omaha where each holds his residence
and takes care of his share of the politi
cal machine. An entire week's absence of
the attorney general from his office look
ing after his political fences,, sometimes
leaving the office in the hands of a clerk
and at other times without even an office
boy to tell where he has gone does not
seem to interfere with the disposition of
the legal affairs of the commonwealth,
yet it took three months for him to
frame an opinion to the effect that state
warrants were not "state securities"
within the the meaning of the law. The
other members of the board declined to
meet after the session of Jauary 15, giv
ing the ready excuse that it was useless
until General Churchill was ready to sub
mit his decision. Here is what he said in
overruling the supreme court, at the
next meeting held April 18:
Attorney General's Office, State House,
Lincoln, Nebraska, April 13, 1896.
To The Board of, School Lands and
Gentlemen: In answer to a desire ex-
Sressed at the January meeting of this
oard, as then constituted, relative to
the investment of the permanent school
fund in registered state warrants, I have
the honor to make to you the following
In the case of the state vs Bartley, 41
Neb., 281, it appears that this board as
then constituted, passed a resolution
substantially the same as the one offered
by his Honor, the governor, for the
action of this board. The difference be
tween the two resolutions will be found
in the following: The words in brackets
are in the former but not in the latter.
Those italicised are in the latter but not
in the former.
Therefore, be it resolved that the sum
of (two hundred thousand dol
lars) of the permanent school fund of the
state of Nebraska, or as much thereof as
may be necessary, be and hereby is set
apart from which to purchase (pay) out
standing warrants drawn upon the gen
eral fund, which wan-ants are registered,
and more drawn Between the first days
of March and the thirty-first day of D(
cember, 18i)G, (and bearing numbers
from Nos. 12293 to 1C000) inclusive, and
which are drawn in pursuance of an ap
propriation made by the last legislature,
it being determined by this board that
said warrants so drawn are secured by
the levy of a tax for their payment, (to
gether with accrued interest, it being de
termined by this board that said war
rants are drawn in pursuance of an ap
propriation made by the legislature) and
therefore are state securities; and the
state treasurer is (hereby authorized
and) instructed to at once notify the
(several) parties in whose names said
warrants are registered of his readiness
and willingness to pay the face value of
said warrants and the accrued interest
thereon, as they may be presented until
said sum set aside is exhausted, and
when so paid the warrants shall be held
by the treasurer as an investment of the
permanent school fund; and purpose to
pay said warrants, bo that the interest
on the same shall cease, as provided by
chapter 93 of the compiled statutes of
Nebraska) and shall be stamped and
signed as provided by law.
Resolved, also, that the further sum of
two hundred and fifty thou
sand dollars) of the permanent school
fund of the state, or so much thereof as
may be necessary, and is hereby set
apart from which to purchase (pay) cur
rent registered warrant already drawn,
as well as those which may hereaftei be
drawn against the general fund under
appropriation made by the last legisla
ture, it being determined by this board
that such appropriations and the war
rants drawn thereon are secured by a
levy of tax for their payment and are
therefore state securities: and the state
treasurer is hereby authorized and direct
ed to purchase (pay) as they may be
presented at the state treasury, paying
thereafter their face value and accrued
interest thereon, if any, and to stamp,
sign and hold the same as an investment
of the permanent school fund as provid
ed by law.
Resolved further, (that the state treas
urer) a member of this body be, and
hereby is, empowered to act in his be
half in determining any questions as to
the genuineness and ownership of any
and all warrants presented under the
foregoing (two) resolutions and when (he
is) in doubt he will refer the matter to
the chairman to be , submitted to the
board for its decision.
It will thus be seen that these two res
olutions differ in substance only in the
use of the word "purchase" instead of
the word "pay" but there exists no dif
ference in what would actually take
place; "the law regards the substance
rather than the form" is an old axiom
of the law.
Section 9, article VIII. "And shall
not be invested or loaned except on
United States or state securities, or reg
istered county bonds of this' state."
They "shall be deemed trust funds held
by the state, and the state shall supply
all losses."
Under this section it is clear that the
state is the trustee of this trust fund
authorized to invest the same in United
States or state securities, or registered
county bonds of this state, but bound to
make good any loss even when so se
We are aware of the opinion given in
25 Neb. 665 that opinion is witnout jur
isdiction in the court to make.
Section 2, article VI is: "The supreme
court shall consist of three judges a ma
jority of whom shall be necessary to
form a quorum, or to pronounce a de
cision. It shall have original jurisdic
tion in cases relating to the revenues;
civil cases in which the state shall be a
party; mandamus, quo warranto, ha
beas corpus and such appellate jurisdic
tion as may be provided by law."
No one will claim that the opinion in
25 Neb., was rendered on an appeal, in
habeas corpus, quo warm to, mandamus
or that the state was a party, or that it
related to the revenues. But if it was, it
can be fairly said to have been over
ruled in state vs Bartley 41 Nebraska
277, where the court held that such in
vestment would amount to a transfer of
the permanent school fund to the gen
eral fund and was in violation of section
9, article VIII.
But let us see what is a warrant. It is
gimnlv the evidence of the indebtedness
of the state to the individual. The use
of the phrase "state securities must
mean something more than merely the
guarantee of the state by the process of
taxation, for by the previous part of the
session it is bound in any event to make
good all losses; and this could and would
in case of loss have to be made good by
taxation, and the purpose of this phrase
was to prevent the investment in such a
way as might lead to loss and necessi
tate taxation to supply the loss. We
must therefore ascertain the real intent
in the use of this phrase.
Worcester defines "security" to be any
thing given as a pledge as for the pay
ment of a debt, or the performance of a
contract. He defines "secure" to make
certain; to put beyond hazard."
Anderson's dictionary of the law de
fines "secure" to make safe, or certain,
to protect, to save. And "security" an
instrument which guarantees the cer
tainly of some specific thing; a surety."
The same author says: "a tax is not a
debt, that it is an obligation for the pay
ment of money founded on a contract."
"A tax is an impost levied for the sup
port of the government or for some
special purpose authorized by it."
We concluded that the word "securi
ties" as used in this section of the con
stitution means some obligation which
the state has in some specific form con
tracted to pay, and that a warrant
drawn by the auditor of public accounts
on the general fund is not such state se
curity as was contemplated by this pro
vision of the constitution. Had it been
the intention to so invest that fund in
warrants it seems to me that the fram
ers would have used the word "war
rants" and not "securities."
I am further persuaded that I am cor
rect in my conclusion from the decision
of the court in state vs Bartley, 41 Ne
braska, 298 and state vs Bartley, 39
Nebraska. 353.
The legislature must also have regard
ed this section 3 of article VIII of the
constitution as precluding the invest
ments as indicated by these resolutions,
or it would not have passed a resolu
tion to amend the constitution, provid
ing the amendment of this section 3 ar
ticle Vll I so as to make it read as fol
lows, in relation to the investment of
the permanent school iund in registered
"And provided further that when any
warraut upon the state treasurer regu
larly issued in pursuance of an appro
priation by tne legislature and secured by
the levy of tax for its payment, shall be
presented to the state treasurer for pay
ment, and there shall not be any money
in the proper fund to pay such warrant,
tne board created by section one of this
article may direct the state treasurer to
pay the amount due on such warrant
from moneys in his hands belonging to
the permanent school fund of the state.
and he shall hold said warrant as an in
vestment of said permanent school fund."
iti is being the interpretation triven
both by the court and the legislature. I
conclude that this board is not author
ized to invest the permanent school fund
as indicated by the resolutions of his
Honor. Yours Respectfully.
Signed A. S. Churchill.
A more remarkable document per
haps never emenated from the legal de
partment of the state and it is safe to
say that no lawyer of ability with an
atom of professional pride, would give
to tnis aocument nis endorsement. It
was made to fit the occasion and to pre
serve in the hands of the state treasurer
the funds belonging to the schoolchil
dren of Nebraska in order that J. 8.
Bartley and not the state should reaD a
revenue thereby.
I he announcement of this opinion was
not a surprise to Governor and he was
prepared to give them another nut to
crack. It came in the form of this reso
Whereas, It is provided by constitu
tional and statutory enactment that all
funds belonging to the state for educa
tional purposes, the interest and income
wnereof, only, are to be used, shall be
deemed trust funds held by the state and
shall remain forever inviolate and undi
minished, and that such funds, with the
interest and income thereof, are Bclemly
pieagea lor me purpose lor wnicn they
are granted and set apart; and that the
board of educational lands and funds
shall at their regular meetings make the
necessary orders for the investment of
the principal of the fund derived for edu
cational purposes aforesaid; and,
wnereas, it appears that the unin
vested permanent school fund of this
state has grown from 1417,313.61 on
December 1, 1894, to 611,111.67 on
March 1, 1896; that, during all of said
time there has been purchased and ob
tained as an investment for the benefit
of said permanent school fund the sum
of $ 45,360.61, or less than 8 per cent of
the total sum required to be invested as
aforesaid; and
Whereas, It has heretofore been deter
mined by a vote of a majority of this
board that said fund cannot be invested
in state warrants which are being issued
from time to time, and which draw inter
est at the rate of 5 per ceut per annum;
Whereas, It appears that but few
county bonds are being voted from time
to time in the different counties of the
state, and, when voted, it is extremely
difficult to obtain the same as an invest
ment for the said permanent school fund
because of the desirability of such bonds
as investments and the competition aris
ing over securing the same as a private
investment; and
Whereas, It appears from the market
quotations as to prices of United States
government bonds that the same may
De obtained by the state as an invest-
Low Special
ment for the said permanent school
fund upon a basis that will earn for the
said permanent school fund at least 3
per cent interest per annum, which is
more to be desired and advantageous to
said fund than to allow the same to re
main idle, earning nothing for the benefit
of the common schools of the state;
therefore be it
Resolved, By this board that the sum
of $500,000 be set aside for the purchase
of United States registered or coupon
5 per cent bonds, redeemable February
1, 1904, and the state treasurer is here
by authorized and directed to purchase
said United States registered or coupon
bands for the benefit of said school fund
to the amount of $500,000.00, as afore
said, upon the most advantageous
terms and upon a basis of a rate of in
terest thereon not less than 3 per cent
per annum, and that said purchases be
made as follows, to-wit: $100,000.00 on
or before May 1, 1896; $200,000.00 on
ar before June 1, 1896; $200,000.00 on
or before July 1, 1896.
Provided, That if, at any time before
the last mentioned date, said money or
any part thereof, before being invested
as above contemplated, can be invested
in United States or state securities or
county registered bonds yieldinga great
er rate of interest than hereintofore
mentionod, upon an order being made by
this board then said amounts bo invest
ed shall be withdrawn from the amount
heretofore -set aside for investment in
United States securities as aforesaid.
The annoyance of the republican ma
jority was very evident and the resolu
tion was simply action what
ever being taken. Some of the members
expressed a willingness to invest in coun
ty bonds, although only a few days prior
to this they had compelled the board of
county commissioners of Otoe county to
sell their issue of $85,000 to Dietz, Deni
son & Prior, of Cleveland, Ohio. The Otoe
county bonds drew 5 per cen t interest.and,
although the board had accepted Greeley
county's $30,000 at 4 per cent under
pressure from the governor, they de
manded 5 per cent from Utoe. The reas
on was apparent. Ihe Otoe issue of
$85,000 would cut too big a hole in the
funds distributed among favorite banks
for the pecuniary profit of the treasurer
and the political good of his party.
When the Otoe county commissioners
went home Commissioner Russell, as sec
retary of the state board, without any
authority whatever except the consent
01 nis republican associates, and without
the knowledge of the governor, who, is
chairman of the board, wrote to them
that they would have to accept at once
if they wanted to dispose of their bonds;
as the board had proposals under con
sideration that would take all the avail
able funds on band. With over $600,-
000 supposed to be in the treasury for
the permanent school fund, this officer
tells the people who are seeking to give
a reasonable interest to the state for the
use of a part of this sum, that there is on
hand only enough to meet propositions
under consideration. At that time there
was under consideration, if anything,
only the resolution of Governor Hol-
comb to invest in United States bonds,
and it had been refused consideration, in
fact. The only reasonable construction
to be placed on this letter is that the
treasurer doesn't have on hand this per
manent Bchool fund. No propositions
may ue sufficient to invest all of the
school funds of the state the treasurer
could produce.
At the Way meeting of the board Gov
ernor Holcomb sprang another surprise
on nis associates by submitting a pro
position for the purchase of the Otoe
county bonds from the Cleveland firm at
a rate yielding 4 7-10 per cent interest to
the state, This is the way the resolu
tion read:
"Whereas, The authorities of Otoe
county, Nebraska, have issued refunding
bonds of said county in the sum of
eighty-five thousand dollars ($85,000),
dated May 1, 1896, drawing interest at
the rate of five (5) per cent per annum,
payable semi-annually on the first days
01 May and JNovember of each year, and
payable in twenty years with the option
01 payment after ten years: and,
"Whereas, Said county authorities
have sold said bonds to Dieti, Denison &
Prior, of Cleveland, Ohio; and
"Whereas, The parties purchasing said
bonds offer to Bell the same to the state
of Nebraska as an investment for the
permanent school fund (subject, how
ever, to an option given on said bonds
expiring Thursday, May 14, 1896), for
the sum of one hundred and three cents
(103 cents) on the dollar and accrued
interest, thereby yielding a rate of four
and seven-tenths (4 7-10) per cent inter
est upon the face value of such bonds
for the benefit of , the temporary school
fund; therefore, be it
"Resolved, That said oner be and it
is hereby accepted, provided, that said
bonds are in all respects regularly and
legally issued and registered as required
by law; and the state treasurer is hereby
authorized and directed to pay said par
ties for said bonds one hundred and three
(103) cents on the dollar, par value, and
accrued interest thereon to the date of
purchase out of the permanent school
funds now in his hands, and to receive,
stamp and hold said bonds as an invest
ment for said permanent school fund as
required by law; also that the secretary
of this board be requested to notify
Dietz, Denison & Prior of the board's ac
ceptance of their offer."
This followed directly after the accept
ance of the Greeley and Boone county
bonds at 4 per cent, so the board could
not complain of the rate of interest.
The only way out of the dilemma was to
render the proposition so distasteful to
the brokers that it would be declined.
To this end Commissioner Russell amend
ed the governor's resolution with the pro
vision that the brokers would have to
accept their premium out of the interest
coupons. With this absurd amendment
the final result is uncertain.
In regard to this matter the Custer
County Beacon says:
In an editorial in last week's issue the
Broken Bow Republican had the effront
ery to place on the shoulders of Govern
Summer Rates.
Write For Catalogue, -A.dd.ress
or Holcomb the responsibility for the
noninveBtment of the $611,000 of the
permanent school funds of the state. It
can hardly be that the Republican editor
speaks from ignorance, for the state
press has been replete for months with
information as to the latest effort of his
excellency to get the state funds invest
ed. The disinclination of the treasurer
to allow these funds to be invested in
state, county or government bonds.may
arise either from his desire to continue
drawing interest himself from banks for
the deposits, or his inability to produce
the state's funds, or both. Mr. Bartley
has the united support of the board of
educational lands and funds in keeping
his grip on the state's money. As a
fifth member; constituting in himself a
hopeless minority, Governor Holcomb
has succeeded in worrying the majority
by a series of resolutions and proposals
to invest funds, and has compelled the
gang to show their hands.
, After recounting the many efforts
make by Governor Holcomb to induce
the board to invest this fund as required
by law, the Beacon asks:
Can the editor of the republican at
tempt to say that Governor Holcomb
was at fault because the school fund was
not invested? Most any other man
would have given up in dismay, but the
governor did not. He introduced a res
olution two days later to invest the fund
in government bonds. Although he evi
dently preferred the state securities, be
was willing to place the funds in any
safe investment by which the state could
receive a return in interest. This resolu
tion was hung up to dry, and the board
has declined, by action of the unanimous
opposition to Governor Holcomb, to
consider it at all.
Determined to do all in his power to
force his colleagues on the board to take
some action looking toward the invest
ment of this great sum of the state's
money which is supposed now to be lying
idle in the vaults of the treasury, the
governor hae sought out investments
from all parts of the country. He it was
who proposed the purchase of $6,500 of
Valley county refunding bonds, $40,000
of Otoe county refunding bonds, $30,
000 of Greeley funding bonds and $25,
000 of Boone county court house bonds.
A great many men in different parts of
the state dreading the loss of Nebraska's
school fund, have written to enquire
about it. Of these letters we publish the
Kearney, Neb,, June 6, 1896.
Editor Independent: In the cam
paign of 1894 I publicly made the charge
on suspicion, that the state school funds
reported on hand in the treasury were
not there nor available at the call of the
treasurer. Of course I could not know
where the money was, but then expressed
the belief that the $540,000 reported on
hand by the auditor had been deposited
in the banks which "stood in" with the
state house politicians and that those
banks could not produce the money.
Was my suspicion correct? If not then
why was this money kept on hand as re
ported by Ihe auditor? Why was it not
invested as required by law? Section 8,
chapter 80 compiled statutes, passed in
1885, requres the board of educational
lands and funds to invest the state
Bchool funds, and section 25 provides
that they shall be invested in United
States or state securities or in county
bonds, also that state warrants on other
funds may, under certain conditions, be
paid out of the permanent school fund.
One of two things must be true, either
the permanent school funds now said to
amount to $600,000, are not on hand
nor available, or the board has persist
ently violated the law by refusing to
keep it invested. The recent effort of
Governor Holcomb to have the board
do its duty, ought to be followed by vig
orous action in the campaign this year.
Not only should Governor Holcomb be
reelected but the voters must see to it
that n populist treasurer, auditor and
attorneo-general be elected, if no more.
Then we can make a search for that
$600,000 and if found, proivde for its
safe investment. - Then if we can elect a
legislature, necan provide for the ap
pointment of a legislative committee once
in two years to settle with the state treas
urer so that a faithful record may al
ways be made and kept on the state's
financial condition.
In closing I would like to know just for
curiosity if the republican secretary of
state, treasurer, attorney-general and
comtnifsioner of public lands and build
ings voted against Governor Holcomb's
resolution to invest the funds because
they knew those funds had vanished.
Yankee like, I am "guessing" that is the
reason. W. L. Hand.
Never Mind the Democrats.
S. H. Kipp, chairman of the campaign
committee of the South Dakota Reform
Press Association predicts that ao mat
ter what the result of the democratic
national convention, the people's party
in South Dakota will gain 4,000 demo
cratic and from 6,000 to 8,000 republi
can votes this year. He says that the
political situation in South Dakota at
this time is more promising for the peo
ple's party than it has been at any time
in the liihtory of the party.
asy to Take
asy to Operate
Are features peculiar to Hood's Pills. Small In
size, tasteless, efficient, thorough. As one man
said: " You never know you
have taken a pill till it is all Q) I I
over." 25c. C. I. Ilood & Co., li 1 1 I S
Proprietors, Lowell, Mass.
The only pills to take with Hood's Sarsapartlla.
The Result in Oregon Knocks the Gold
Bugs Crazy.
Washington. June 8, 1896.
Special to the .Independent: The
news from Oregon, showing that the
people's party has elected two congress
men in Oregon, (that is, every congress
man in the state) at the election last
week has greatly surprised the politi
cians of both of the old parties here. The
fact that it was a straight right between
the three parties, and that the people's
party candidate defeated both the dem
ocratic and republican candidates, adds
to the chagrin and disappointment of
tne gold men and the old party leaders.
The result, however, was confidently ex
pected by the people's party senators
and congressmen, who have been greatly
interested in the fight in Oregon, and
have kept close in touch with the pro
gress and details of the great campaign
that has been waged there for the last
few months and which has resulted in
such a triumphant victory for the peo
ple's party. This is more than a straw
which shows which way the political
wind is blowing. At least it is a good
starter lor the great national campaign
this year, and shows not only that the
people's party will be an important fac
tor in the same, but also shows to the
clear observer of political affairs that
the people's party is not only growing
rapidly in strength, but that it will yet
redeem the nation from the clutches of
the English gold ring in spite of the
infamous treachery and duplicity of the
two old parties for the last twenty years.
The gold men are anxious to have
congress adjourn as early as next
Wednesday or Thursday, but it is by no
means certain as yet that the senate will
decide to adjourn so early.
Often Causes No End of Trouble
Probably half the people who see this
article suffer from piles. It is one of the
commonest diseases, and oneof the most
obstinate. People have it for years, and
just because it is not immediately fatal
they neglect it. Carelessness causes no
end of Buffering. Carelessness about so
simple a thing as piles has often caused
death. Hemorrhages occur during sur
gical treatment, often causing death.
Piles are simple in the beginning and
easily cured. They can be cured even in
the worst stages without pain or loss of
blood, quickly, surely and completely.
There is only one remedy that will do it
Pyramid Pile Cure.
It allays the inflammation immediate
ly, heals the irritated surface and, with
continued treatment, reduces the swell
ing and puts the membranes into good,
sound, healthy condition. The cure is
thorough end permanent. Druggists
sell the Pyramid Pile Cure at 50 cents.
Send for free book on Cause and Cure of
Illinois Waking up.
John P. Steele of the Mt. Vernon Pro
gressive Farmer, who has been uninter
ruptedly in the reform work since 1883,
recently made a tour of all the lower
counties of that state. He reports that
in all the years of reform agitation, he
never saw the people take so great an
interest in the money question.
What Huxley, the Great English Soientist,
Considered the Best Start in Life-
The great English scientist, Huxley,
said the best start in life is a sound
stomach. Weak stomachs fail to digest
food properly, because they lack the
proper quantity of digestive acids (lactic
and hydrochloric) and peptogenic pro
ducts; the most sensible remedy in all
cases of indigestion, is to take after each
meal, one or two of Stuart's Dyspepsia
Tablets, because they supply in a pleas
ant, harmless form all the elements that
weak stomachs lack.
The regular use of Stuart's Dyspepsia
Tablets will cure every form of stomach
trouble except cancer of the stomach.
They increase flesh, insure pure blood,
strong nerves, a bright eye and clear
complexion, because all these result
only from wholesome food well digested.
Nearly all druggists sell Stuart's Dys
pepsia Tablets at 50 cents full sized pack
age. Send for free book on Stomach Troub
les to Stuart Co.. Marshall, Mich.
Attorneys, 1034 O Street, Lincoln,
Notice Is hereby given that by virtue of an or
der ot sale Issued by the clerk of the district
court of the Third Judicial district ol Nebraska,
within and for Lancaster county. In an action
wherein William Wertrer ia plaintiff, and Robert
J. Greene et al., defendants, I will, at 2 o'clock p.
m.. on the 23rd day of Jane, A. I)., 1896, at the
east door of the conrt house. In the city of Lin
coln. Lancaster, comity, Nebraska, offer for sale
at public auction the following described real
estate to-wit:
Beginning at the northwest corner of the north
half of the northwest quarter of section twenty
eight (2HI, town eight (81 range six (6), east, and
running thence east to the west line of the pro
jected right of way, depot and switching ground!
of the Chicago, Kock Island & Pacific Railway Co.,
as the same is now surveyed and staked and laid
out across said north half of the northwest quar
ter of section twenty-eight (28), township eight
(81, range six (tt). thence southwesterly along said
line to the Intersection of said projected Chicago,
Rotk Island & Pacific Railway Co. grounds with
the sooth line of said north half of the northwest
quarter of section twenty-eight (28), township
eight 18), range six (61 east, thence west to the
west line of said north half of the northwest quar
ter of said section twenty-eisjht (28), thence
north to the place of beginning, in Lancaster
county, Nebraska.
(jlven under my hand this 20th day of May, A.
Ripans Tabules: gentle catLartic
At H Cents a Mile
louisvills nashvilli n. a.
To individuals on the First Tuesday, and
to parties of seven or more on the Third
Tuesday of each month, to nearly all
points in the South ; and on special dates
Excursion Tickets are sold at a Utile
more than One Fare for the round trip.
For full information write to
I. L Willi, V. . Pas. Agent, CMcago, ffl.
C. P. MORE, Gen'! Pass, ah., LonisTille, Ky.
Write for County Map of the South to
either of the above named gentlemen,
or to P. Sid Jones, Pass. Agent, in charge
of Immigration, Birmingham, Ala.
, A Few Finanaial Facts.
This excellent book by S. S. King con
tains 60 illustrative diagrams showing
clearly the misfortunes that have come
to the people, the causes that produce
them and the remedy that will remove
them. A large number of copies hav
been furnished to the Nebraska Silver
League which they will sell in order to
raise money for postage at one half the
regular price. Send 25 cents and get
two copies. Address Secretary of silver
league, 1122 M street, Lincoln, Nebras
ka. Do You Want to Save Money and
Then take the new flier leaving Lincoln
daily at 3:20 p. m. via the Missouri Pa
cific when you go east. Several hours
saved to St. Louis, Washington, Cincin
nati, New York and all eastern points
and southern. Close connections made
with all lines in New St Louis Union Sta
tion, the most costly and magnificent
depot in the world. For further infor
mation call at city ticket office 120 O
street.- F.D.Cornell,
C P. & T. A.
People who wish to go to'Buffalo to at
tend the N. K. A. Convention, who want
fast time, the most excellent train ser
vice and superior accomodations, will do
well to consider the Nickel Plate Road
before purchasing tickets. A fare of
12.00 for the round trip will apply with
f 2.00 added for membership fee. Tickets
will be on sale July 5th and 6th with
liberal return limit and with privilege of
stop-over at Chautaqua Lake. Addi
tional information cheerfully given on
application to J. Y. Calahan. Gen'l
Agent, 111 Adams St., Chicago. 111.
Half Rates to Hot Springs, S. D.
June 12th the Elkhorn line will sell
tickets to Hot Springs and return at one
fare limit thirty days. For pleasure or
health this trip is unsurpassed. For
tickets call at city office 117 So. 10tb,
St., Lincoln, Neb.
Celery Pills.
These pills are a powerful vitalizing
force, the beet remedy for exhaustion,
and Nervous Debility weaknesses, caused
from youthful errors, or excesses. Be
sides Extract of Celery, these pills con
tain other standard tonics, and give
tone and strength to the general system,
fully restoring vigor, and strength. Sent
sealed in plain wrapper $1. per box.
Penaline Pills, for ladies; just what
you want. Safe, certain, and harmless.
The equal of this remedy for the men
strual period, does not exist. Sent sealed
in plain wrapper $1. per box.
Midland Medicine Co,
t-f Omaha Neb.
A Reform Library For $1.00
The Modern Banker, Goode 25c
Man or Dollar, Which? A Novel... 25c
Shylock's Daughter.Bates 25c
A Breed of Barren Metal, Bennett 25c
Money Found Hill Banking Sys
tem 25c
The Rights of Labor, Joslyn 25c
The Pullman Strike, Carwardine.. 25c
A Story from Pullmantown, Beck
Meyer 25c
How to Govern Chicago, Tuttle... 25c
Silver Campaign Book, Tuttle 25c
The Garden of Eden U.S. A., Bishop 50c
Illustrated First Reader in Social
Economics for Backward Pu
pils - 10c
Cut this out and send to us with one
dollar and we will mail you a full sample
set of all these books, 19-40 pages, worth
$3.10 nt retail. This is a special offer
for a short time only. Order at once. j
Chardes H. Kerr & Co.
. 56 Fifth Avenue, Chicago.
Mention Nebraska Independent.
Patroniie those persons who advertle
in this paper.