Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902 | View Entire Issue (June 4, 1896)
t 1 --I-- r
( I I
The Wealth Makers and Lincoln Independent Consolidated. lL
LINCOLN, NEBR., THURSDAY, June 4, 1896.
SENATOR jjira P. JONES
The Student, Scholar and Philoso
pher of the Populist Party.
HIS GEEAT SPEECH OF 1893.
The Continual Ooldite Slanders of
the Nevada Senators.
An Economic Work That Will Stand While
Populists sometimes feel very bitter
toward the western gold bug press on
account of the falsehoods and misrepre
sentations constantly appearing in it.
But most of this is Holy Writ, in com
parison to what appears in some of the
eastern goldiie papers.
A clipping was recently sent to us from
a Cincinnati paper a column long, and
it would have been impossible to hare
squeezed more lies into it if it had been
run through a Lightning hay press.
One of the assertions was to the effect
that Senators John P. Jones and Wil
liam M. Stewart whom the writer de
clared were the great silver mine owners
of the world, occupied the time of
the senate so much that the re-
porters in the senate galleries made bets
each day on which one of the two would
say "demonetize" first.
The truth about the mine owning
charge is this. Both of these men are
thorough economists and nearly twenty
years ago, became convinced, along with
the great writers and thinkers of Europe
like Professors Sauerbeck, Allard, Wol
owski and others that the money power
would succeed in demonetizing silver, that
it would be years before the people would
find out what was impoverishing them
and that silver mines, especially those
of medium and low grade ores would be
come practically worthless. Senator
Jones sold all his silver mines about fif
teen years ago, and twelve years ago
Senator Stewart, disposed of every in
terest he had in any silver mine. During
all the years that these senators have
been fighting for the poor against the op
pression of the gold power, neither one
has had a cent invested in silver mines
or silver bullion. ,
The story of the reporters betting on
which one would each day say "demone
tize'' first is perhaps the most ground
less lie ever printed. Senator Jones a
dresses the senate once in about three
years. The last speech he made was in
October 1893. He has not addressed
the chair since, except to present a pe
tition sent to him or make a formal re
port of his committee.
Senator John P. Jones is simply a
scholar and philosopher. He has accu
mulated one of the best economic li
braries in the whole world. Having se
cured a fortune sufficient for all his
wants, he took his seat as United States
senator March 4, 1873 and has remained
i. P. JONKS.
in the senate ever since. His attention
was immediately attracted to the money
question. He hired two learned secre
taries to assist him, paying them ever
since, more than he receives as salary as
senator, sat down at his desk and began
to study. He has been at that desk
most of the time, studying as a student
studies for examination, for twenty -three
years while his secretaries search all lit
erature in all languages for what is writ
ten upon the money question and cog
nate branches of economics, and lay it
The consequence of this is: When Sen
ator John P. Jones of Nevada rises to
address the senate, which only happens
once in three or four years, the whole ed
ucated world listens to him.
The greatest compliment ever paid to
a speaker on the floor of the senate was
paid to Senator Jones when he delivered
his last speech in 1893. The senate 1b
composed mostly of old men, They had
been in Bession all through the swelter
ing heat of August and September. Dur
ing October there had been one contin
uous session without adjournment night
and day for about seventy-two hours.
The rest of the time the session usually
began at 9 a.m. and lasted until 10, 11
or 12 o'clock at night. For weeks when
a senator, no matter how distinguished,
rose to make a set speech, all but two or
three on each side left to watch, fled to
the cloak rooms and stretched them
selves on the couches to catch a little
But when Senator Jones arose to ad
dress the senate on the afternoon of Oc
tober 14th, seventy-two of these nearly
exhausted old men were in their seats.
They swung their chairs around, faced
him and listened for three hours, with
their eyes fixed upon him the whole time.
Senator Jones spoke eight days, three or
four hours each day, and when on the
30th of October he finished his speech,
there were sixty-eight senators in their
seats listening to him. That speech is
immortal. It will be quoted as author
ity while our form of civilization lasts.
There were orders for over 1 100 copies
of it from scholars and economists in
Europe before the proofs could be finally
corrected so that it could appear in the
Congressional Record. 1
Of such stuff are the leading populists
in the Uuited States made.
Thelastspeech of Senator Jones makes
a book of 469 pages. It is a complete
work on political economy. It should
be read by every voter in the United
States. The following is a short extract
Nothing is or can be money in the full
or in the proper sense that needs to be
redeemable in anything else before it can
pay a debt. Money is not money if it be
confined to redemption in one thing; it
must be redeemable in all things. The
very essence of money is redeemability
in all things that are for sale and all
services that are for hire.
Mr. Higgins: I suppose the senator
means what in known as fiat money.
Mr. Jones of Nevada: All money,
whether of gold, silver, or paper is "flat."
Money is creatod by law, and derives its
value from limitation of quantity. Gold
money is as much "fiat" money as is
paper money; for the reason that for
any other use than the money use there
is conceded to be sixty years' supply of
gold on hand, which, were gold demone
tized, would be available in the market
for all the purposes to which gold is
adapted in the various arts and manu
factures. In other words, gold money
. . 1 n . tt . 1 i.-
lS nat money Because 11 nas noi "in
trinsic value." Owing to the fears of the
money-lending classes that legislators
would issue too much paper money, they
have preferred that mankind should ad
here to tbe automatic system the sys
tem of relying upon the mines for the
material of money.
The creditor classes are now, however,
departing from that system. They are
determined to have a system of money
in which the unit shall from year to year
acquire greater and greater control over
property, including tbe products of labor.
Hence in order to restrict to a minimum
the quantity of money, and increase to a
maximum tbe value of tbe money which
they have already reduced to possession,
one of the metals that from immemorial
time had been used as money is denied
tbe right of access to the mints, and tbe
other metal established as the only
metal of unrestricted coinage.
PUBLIC RAILROAD OWNERSHIP.
Advocates of it Arise in Unexpected
Washington, D. C, May 29, 1896.
The annual convention of th? National
Association of state railway commis
sioners was held in Washington at the
office of the inter-state commerce com
mission on Tuesday and Wednesday of
last week. Among the many committee
appointments at the last annual meeting
a year ago to investigate various rail
road matters and report at this meeting,
was a committee to consider the ques
tion of government ownership of rail
roads. Tbe majority of this committee,
as was to be expected, in their report
presented on Tuesday of last week, op
posed the government ownership and
control of the railroads of the country.
But a minority committee brought in a
report that refuted the argument of the
majority of the committee, and present
ed an array of arguments and facts that
prove conclusively that the many evils
arising,from the present railroad man
agement could never be corrected except
by using these great arteries of com
merce as a public function for the public
good, as the postoffice department is
now used. The minority report was
prepared by Hon. S. Otho Wilson, one of
the railroad commissioners of North Car
olina. He showed in his minority report
that the majority of the committee
dodged the logical conclusions of their
own arguments, or rather of the facts
which they presented and the evils which
they admitted existed under present
railroad management. The reading of
Mr. Wilson's paper was given tbe closest
attention by every member of , the asso
ciation, and a number who do not at
present favor government ownership,
congratulated him upon the force of his
logic. In fact, we understand that the
sentiment in favor of government owner
ship of railroads is growing stronger
each year among the railroad commis
sioners who have to face, and deal with
the many difficulties in the railroad
Reform Campaign Stories is the title of
a new book by Jule Schoenheit. It con
tains humorous anecdotes illustrating
every phase of the money question. See
aa on otner page.
Til WHAT IS MONEY
Senator Gray Found That he Tackled
the Wrong Man
A BIG CROWD ATTACKS ALLEN.
The Battle Wages Against the Giant
, of the West all day Long.
81ngle Handed oar Senator Fight and Wins
During the last three months every "in
tcllectual giant" of the senate has at one
time or another jumped onto Senator
Allen. At the end of every one of these
fights Allen was always found on top.
The other day, Senator Gray of Pela
ware, the administration defender, not
taking warning at the result of other
conflicts with Allen, concluded that he
would try a round with the Nebraska
populist. The result of the conflict can
be gathered from the following extract
from the Congressional Record of May
Mr. Allen: Mr. President, parity ia a
law of equality.
Mr. Gray: I do not know that I gave
any definition of the word "parity."
said that parity actually was maintained
by the treasury department paying out
indifferently gold and silver as it might
be demanded by the person who had a
right to demand the payment under
the law; that the duty imposed by the
act ot 1893 upon tbe treasury was to
maintain the parity of the two metals in
the market of -the world, which I sup
posed meant the equality of the purchas
ing power of either in the markets of the
Mr. Allen: I still think I will be fonnd
to be right when the Senator's state
fnent is analyzed. The senator lays
down the proposi tion that there is a dis
parity between the bullion value of gold
and silver. I admit that under present
conditions. And he follows that with
the statement that there is a parity be
tween gold and silver coin because of the
power of the secretary of the treasury to
place silver and paper money on a gold
basis, or to estimate them from a gold
point of view. I am stating the senator's
position about as he stated it yesterday.
Now Mr. President, that does not con
stitute parity. It is a good deal like tbe
parity given us a few days ago by tbe
senior Senator from Ohio Mr .Sherman!.
when he said parity consisted in making
subsidiary coin ot silver and using it in
connection with gold. It is disparity
that tbe Senator from Delaware and the
Senator from Ohio have been talking
about. Parity, if I understand it, is a
law ol equality existing between two
things, not between the bullion value of
the gold or the silver that enters into
the dollar, but the money value of gold
and surer wben need as money.
Tbe office of money, it has been said.
and in my judgement wrongly, is to
measure values; that it is a standard of
value. I do not agree to that. There is
no such thing as measuring value. Value
is simply the estimate of people of the re
lation existing between two or more ar
ticles, and that estimate of value may be
expressed in money, and when thus ex
pressed it is called price. It is an ideal
thing. The value of articles rise and
fall like the tides of the ocean, according
to the law of supply and demand. A
dollar today may properly express tbi
value of a busbel of apples. Tomorrow
there is a disparity between the dollar
and the bushel of apples resulting from
the law of supply and demand. So if itis
a measure at all, it is a very imperfect
measure. It is subject to constant fluct
uations. Then what is money? It is a medium
of exchange, pure and simple. It posses
ses no office that may not be properly
found in the definition of those words.
It operates to faciliate exchange. It is
in a certain sense a temporary receptacle
or repository of value when it is taken
in exchange for property and held for a
time to be exchanged lor other property
or to be used in payment of debts, but
there is uo proper office that money can
perform which is not embraced 10 tbe
definition of a medium of exchange.
Now.then. if parity is alaw of equality.
I want to know of my honorable friend
the Senator from Delaware how he is to
establish parity by taking from one of
tbe metals the particular function that
has been given it by law and which
makes it money on a parity with gold?
LA pause. 1 1 am waiting tor the senator
to answer. .
Mr. Gray: I do not exactly under
stand the Senator's question. Will he
be good enough to repeat it?
Mr. Allen. My question is this: Tou
hare limitless coinage of gold. The bul
lion value of the gold dollar is equiva
lent to the gold coin simply because the
bolder can convert it into coin without
any expense to himself. You have strick
en down silver. You have refused to
permit silver to occupy the same posi
tion at the mints of the United States
that you accord to ,rold. You have de
nied to it tbe moni ,ary function as pri
mary money. Now, I should like to
hare the honorable Senator tell me, after
haring done that, how it is possible to
re-establish the parity between those
two metals until you put them on an ex
act equality at the mints of the United
Mr. Gray: Let me see if I understand
the Senator at all. His question is a
little metaphysical, I admit. I was
talking yesterday about the duty that '
had been imposed by law upon the Exec
utive of the United States and the Gov
ernment of the United States to main
tain the parity of the two metals in the
markets of tbe world.
Mr. Allen: Is the Senator talking of
metals or coins?
Mr. Gray: The langusge of the law is
Mr. Allen: That is the language ot
the democratic platform. The demo
cratic platform is in the law.
Mr. Gray: I stated that. How long it
could be done, and whether it was right
to expect the Government to do it.is an
other question, but that certainly there
is no other way by which we could hope
that even for a short time it could be
done than for the Government to pay
out gold and silver indifferently at the
demand of the person holding demand
paper for the coins. That is all I attemp
ted to say yesterday. I know of no
other way to maintain itin the market of
Now tbe Senator from Nebraska is
talking about something a little differ
ent from that, if I understand him. He is
talking about the power of a law giving
free coinage to silver on the terms that
it is given to gold. I say that with such
a law the parity between two metals, at
the present ratio of 16 to 1, could not be
maintained in the markets of the world.
Mr. Allen: Why?
Mr. Gray: I do not want to interrupt
the Senator now.
Mr. Allen: It is no interruption at all.
Mr. Gray: Very well. Because tha
known commercial value of silver, 16
parts of silver to one of gold, is less than
tbe value of 1 part of gold.
Mr. Allen: No; I deny the Senator's
Mr. Gray: Oh, well, the commercial
value of an ounce of silver.
Mr. Allen: Measured in what?
Mr. Gray: The commercial value of an
ounce of gold is more than the commer
cial value of 16 ounces of silver. That is
what I mean.
Mr. Allen: No; that is not correct.
Mr. Gray: Very well. I cannot under
take to make facts. I leave the Senator
to do that.
Mr. Allen: I am not going to make
facts, and I do not ask the Senator to
make them. -'
Mr. Gray: Let us hear what the Sen
ator has to say. I did not mean it in
any offensive way at all.
Mr. Allen: To put it in simple phrase,
tbe senator says it is a 50-cent dollar.
Mr. Gray: I would rather the Senator
would use the phrase I used. The Sena
tor always gets away from tbe phrase I
Mr. Allen: Very well. If I got away
from the phrase the Senator used, I will
get back to it. He says that in the mar
kets of the country, the markets of the
world, probably I do not remember the
language of the democratic platform ex
actly and I do not think any other man
does tbe bullion in the silver dollar is
not worth more than 50 cents. Thai is
Mr. Gray: About that, yes.
Mr. Allen: About that. That is in
the neighborhood of the position, some
where near it. Now, in what does the
Senator estimate the bullion value of
silver? What is the standard of estima
Mr. Gray: I was estimating it as com
pared with gold.
Mr. Allen: As compared with cold. I
thought it would come to that.
Mr. Gray: Of course.
Mr. Allen Of course. There it is. There
is the whole thing.
Mr. bray: As that seems to be an im
portant matter in the Senator's estima
tion, let me add that tha very thing he
is talking about is the ratio of 16 to 1
That is. 16 parts of silver to one part of
Mr. Allen: That is right.
Mr. Gray: That is the very thing with
which I therefore compared silver, be
cause I confined my estimate to the very
I said that in the markets of tbe world 1
ounce of gold is worth more than 16
ounces of silver a great deal more.
Mr. Allen: 1 knew the Senator from
Delaware would land exactly where he
Mr. Gray: It is not very hard to know
Mr. Allen. And, Mr. President, you
never saw a gold monometallist who did
not land there.
Mr. Gray: There is no other place for
him to land.
Mr. Allen: Let me ask the Senator
from Delaware, who I believe to be a fair-
minded man, if he believes it is proper to
estimate silver bullion in its stricken
condition, which the Senator's party
helped to bring about, from the stand
point of appreciated gold coin, and say
that that is the commercial valuo of the
silver bullion in a dollar?
Mr. Gray: There is no sentiment in
Mr. Allen: I agree with that state
Mr. Gray: And the stricken condition
W. V. ALLEN,
of this virgin silver may appeal to the
sentiment and the affections of the Sena
tor from Nebraska, but business knows
no sentiment. All that I do know or
think I know is that commercially the
gold in a gold dollar is worth a good
deal more than the silver in a silver
dollar. In other words, 1 ounce of gold
is worth a good deal more than 16
ounces ot silver.
Now, the Senator says, "is it fair to
compare the two with silver in its pres
ent stricken condition?" I an not con
cerned about that. Whatever the strick
en condition may be, whether it comes
from that cause or another, we are deal
ing with facts. Take it in its resurrected
position or any position that you pi
I want tbe fact as it exists. I suppose
the Senator is going to say, then, that
we must make this tremendous expert
ment to see what the commercial value
of silver is to be after you restore the
free coinage of silver at the ratio of 16
Mr. Allen: We know what that is. We
do not have to wait to see. I never saw
a gold monometallist in my life who did
not run away from the point when
brought to it. The Senator crawfishes,
if I may use tbe expression.
Mr, Gray: If the Senator will present
his po, it I will promise not to run away
from it. I will either meet it
Mr. Allea: The Senator repeats an ar
gument that is stale and moss-grown.
He says the gold bullion in the dollar is
equivalent to its coin value. There is
not a child 10 years old of age iu the
United States who does not know that.
There is no discovery in that statement.
Why is it? It is because you can take the
bullion and goto the mints of the United
States and have it coined freely without
Suppose I should come to my friend
tbe Senator from Delaware, who at this
moment may have, in his pocket 25.8
grains of gold in thi form of bullion, and
say, I will give you 99 cents for it." He
would not take it. And why? Because
he would say to himself and say to me,
"I can take that bullion to the mints of
tbe United States and have it coined into
Law fixes value,
That is what they come to.
I am willing to
Law fixes the value ot the
dollar, says the Senator's populist col
Mr. Allen. The Senator from Delaware
would refuse to take 99 cents, because
the mints of the United States are open
to the free coinage of the bullion in his
pocket, and therefore the market value
of the bullion and the coin value are
QnnnnaA T attsvtilt nrt tVtn Sanotn
who has in his pocket 412 grains of
standard silver in the form of bullion,
and say to him, "I will give you 95 cents
for it." ' He would take it.
Mr. Gray: Indeed I would.
Mr. Ailed: Indeed he would. Yes; he
is a true cold bug,
Mr. Elkins: Ninty-flve cents in what?
Mr. Gray: In gold
Mr. Allen: In any kind of money you
will have. I asK him if he would take 95
cents, and he says indeed he would. Why
would he do so? Simply because he knows
that silver by law is shut out from the
mints and can not be coined. Now that
is all there is to it. You never found a
gold monometallist who would not back
down when he comes to the point.
Mr. Gray: Mr. President-
Mr. Allen: Let me finish.
Mr. Gray: Certainly I do not want to
interrupt the Senator.
Mr. Allen: I will yield to the Senator
in a moment with pleasure. Suppose,
under a system of free coinage, where
silver could be coined into a dollar just
as freely as gold can be coined, I should
go to the Senator from Delaware and
say, "I will give you 95 cents for 412
grains of standard silver in the form of
bullion in your pocket," Would you take
it? I ask the Senator if he would take it?
Mr. Gray: If it could be coined into a
Mr. Allen: If it could be coined into a
dollar free of charge by the United States
would the Senator take 95 cents for it?
Mr. Gray: That depends.
After this Hill, Lindsey.Baker, Hawley,
Chandler and Gallinger came to the aid
of Gray and "there stood Allen bravely
fighting them single banded and alone,
till the day closed.
THE DEBTORS OPPRESSED.
But Corporations Scale Their Debts, Re
duce Interest and Extend Time of
We have all observed the difference be
tween the treatment of corporate and in
dividual debtors within the past three
years of distress. We have observed cor
porations going into the hands of re
ceivers, their property protected, their
income diverted into betterments instead
of being absorbed in interest payments,
and we have seen plans of reorganization
inaugurated and carried out,debts scaled,
both in principal and interest, and ex
tended as to time, thus relieving the ul
timate owners of the property.
Have there been any such methods of
relief for individual debtors? No. The
stockholders in a corporation are pro
tected by reorganization, by scaling of
debts, by scaling of interest, by exten
sion of time; but no such relief is offered
to the individual debtors. On tbe con
trary their difficulties multiply as dis
tress increases. Every expedient of ob
taining money is resorted to, interest in
creases, heavy commissions for loans
are paid, extensions ot time are denied,
income diminishes, until finally over
whelmed by attachments, and foreclos
ures, they are driven to the wall and
compelled to surrender all. It seems to
me it is our duty to insist that they
shall at all events be free from a mort
gage on the future, on the courage, the
enterprise, and the energy which may
enable them to rebuild their shattered
Bend us 15 cents and we will send yon
a copy ot Coins Financial School.
JOHN SHERMAN LOGIC.
It's of the Gold Bug Variety Self Con
tradictory. Editor. Independent: In the April
Forum the great financier, John Sher
man publishes an article entitled "De
ficiency of Revenue the Cause of Oar
Financial Ills." Then he proceeds to at
tempt to prove his proposition and suc
ceeds in proving nothing bnt the weak.
nesa and rottenneaa of the gold bug plat
form occupied by Cleveland, Carlisle,
Sherman ft Co. If repeated assertion
would prove anything then his main
proposition would be fairly well estab
lished. He first points out Cleveland's mis
take in attributing our present financial
condition, "to the demand for gold tor
United States notes," a very grave mis
take as we can all agree instead ot the
deficiency of revenue aa he expresses it,
and then he proceeds to give us some
figures. Hia own figures overthrow his
He shows there was a surplus of rev
enue for each of the years ending June
30, 1891. 1892 and 1893; but he seema
to forget that our "present financial ills"
attacked the country very vigorously
early in 1893, during the time there was
a surplus as be says.
Then he gives figures showing de
ficiency as follows:
Year sadiag Jans SO, 1891.. 3,803,S0 W
Year ending June SO, 1885 42.806,121 18
Six monthi ending Deo 1. 1885 ir.U3.S3f 24
In all $180,222,023. It to this we add
14,000,000 a month after December 1,
1895 or $20,000,000, we have deficiency
to June 1, 1896, only $150,222,023
while the total bond issue has been
$262,000,000, What was the other
$112,000,000 for? "To keep up the gold
reserves." O, yes, of course, ostensibly,
but John Sherman says the gold reserve
never was touched until the revenues
fell short and that tbe deficiency of rev
enue waa the cause of the demand for
gold for United States notes. Why
then was not the demand on the gold re
serve only just equal to the deficiency?
Why was it $112,000,000 greater. t
He then quotes Carlislea figures to
show the demand for gold from July 1,
1879 to July 1, 1892 gold withdrawn
from the treasury was only $43,310,896
and for same time gold exported waa
$388,854,757, all but the $43,310,896
being gathered from tbe country at large.
But from July 1, 1892 to December 31, '
1895, gold drawn from U. R. treasury
amounted to $360,266,512 while the
gold exported was $305,617,419, show
ing plainly that nearly all the gold
drawn from the treasury from July 1,
1892 to December 1, 1895 was exported.
The point in tbis, is that prior to Jnly
1, 1892, the whole country had been
drained of its surplus gold for export
and then the demand on the govern
ment's gold reserve commenced and has
been steadily ' kept up. No sooner was
the gold reserve replenished by a bond
issue than the process of dipping out the
gold for shipment abroad was resumed.
Where is the gold? It has been "cor- '
nered." Augustus Sauerbeck tells ua
about it. He says that of the $830,000,
000 worth of gold mined in the world in
the seven years ending December 1, 1892
only $30,000,000 was added to the
coinage in Europe and North America.
He says the arts took $420,000,000 of
it, the Orient and South America $110,
000,000, Russia placed $200,000,000
in her war chest, Austria took $110,000,
000 to enable her to get on a gold basis
and in 1893 and 1894 the bank of
France absorbed $72,500,000 and Rus
sia $95,000,000 and Austria $50,000,
000 in addition to amounts given above.
Augustus Sauerbeck stands at the head ,
of tbe statisticians of the world on the
money question and his figures are
worthy of credit. First, then, we see
that gold is scarce. From 50 per cent to
60 per cent, otall that is mined annually
is consumed in the arts and manufac
turies. Europe has been, and still is,
calling for gold as never before. Her de- '
mand for it has drained this country,
hence, Mr. G B. Shermau our financial
ills. These financial ills are world-wide.
Can this trifle of a deficiency of revenue
in the United States cause such a mighty
commotion in all the civilized world?
Could a mouse throw an elephant into
convulsions? It is the 'insatiable de
mand for gold. This' demand has al
most doubled its purchasing power,
hence falling prices, business stagnation
and bankruptcy for the millions. Tbe
remedy! cheapen gold by hitching silver
along side of it again upon an evener to
do half of its work. Lessen the demand
for gold by setting silver at work and
make it carry half of the monetary bur
den. Then we shall have rising prices
and returning prosperity.
VV. Lu xl AND.
Put Him to Work.
To the agricultural editor of this paper
it seems as though the most sensible,
thing that could be done by Chadron
and other towns in western Nebraska
would be to abolish the office ot city
marshal and street commissioner and in
their stead appoint a city tree planter,
who should work himself and work the
poll taxes in planting and caring for
trees throughout the city. Most of the
street work in this climate ia labor
thrown away. Grading and plowing the
streets simply gives the dry winds a bet
ter chance to blow tbe dust. The streets
in Chadron are always good roads, and
outside of keeping up the crossings,
really need no work. If Chadron for the
next three years would use the city mar
shal, the poll tax and the water running
over the reservoir in planting both sides
of every street, vacant lots and all, to
trees and keeping them alive, it would
increase the value of property in this city
more than anything else that can be
Without a Doubt.
The Nebraska Independent ia all
right Ord Journal.
Powered by Open ONI