The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902, April 09, 1896, Page 8, Image 8
April 9 i8(jb. HOttftS JILFMRICK (S 7 Successors to IfcT. IS. nTalcozxer Co., OMAHA, NEB. Our stock is now complete in every department. Everything new and desirable in Dry GOODS, CLOAKS, CAPES, LACES, NOTIONS, LINENS, DRESS GOODS. SILKS, ETC. Prices always the LOWEST. Write for Samples. New Cloven ForEAWTER JuHtlleecived. THOMAS KILPATRIGK & GO. 1 iPoland Furnas County China and Cii J C ?pru a iu o ma aim ia, j Berkshire Hogs, Holstein Cattle, at Half Price! Two Berkshire Hoars and three Sows bred. Fall pigs of both breeds, Three yearling Holstein bulls and two heifers. One two-year old heifer bred. Orders booked for Spring pitfs. Produce of 20 top sows and 4 first class boars. All stock guaranteed asjrepresen ted. U.S. WILLIAMSON, Mention Nkdiuska Independent 44-52t Beaver City, Neb. IRRIGATION FROM WELLS. THE FARMERS INDEPENDENT OP THE GREAT DITCH COMPANIES. A Little Water at the Right Time Does Wonders. General irrigation iu Nebraska will never be effected by ditches from living 8treams,owued by capitalists who rely on them as a source of profit and have no Other interest in their use and success. It might be different if the lack of rain fall wan Uniform. But the fact that in some seasons there seems to be asufllcieut amount of moisture without irrigation Is sure to lead the farmers to wait each year until the necessity is apparent be fore they will enter into contract to pay water rent. And ditch owners will soon neglect to keep their ditches iu repair when they find their patrons are so un certain. The result will be that when .drought occurs the crops will be very liable to be ruined before the repairs of the ditch and the making of contracts can be accomplished. I have little faith in the permanent benefit and success of any system of farm irrigation except where the owners of the land also own the irrigation im provement, either by co-operation, in cases where the magnitude of the im provement and the amount of territory render it necessary; or individually where the sources of irrigation render it possi ble. One of the greatest obstacles to irriga tion from wells, is, exaggerated state ments by interested, or ignorant, parties in regard to the amount of water neces sary for successful and profitable irriga tion. In the first place the amount needed depends largely on the rainfall during the season. If it requires twenty four inches of rainfall to mature a crop and the rainfall is sixteen inches, (and there are few localities in this state where it is often less than that) it is evident that an irrigation of six inches would be sufficient. The character of the subsoil also is a factor which enters largely into the question of the amount of water needed. Much of the valley land which is irrigated from streams has a gravel subsoil and the water applied from the ditches runs through it like a sieve. Peo ple who use water under such conditions get no more benetit from the use of twenty-four inches thau could be obtained from six inches where the subsoil is a porous clay which retains water like a sponge, if the capillary attraction and urface evaporation is obstructed by requent surface cultivation, or judicious mulching, so that nearly all may be utilized for plant growth. Of course the amount of raiufall needed depends in a great measure on the lay of the land. If, as is generally estimated, from one third to one half of the rainfall Is lost by rapid drainage and evapora tion: and by judicious effort the water can be retained on the land until it most ly Binks into the soil, as it may be by leveling, surrounding with ridges, etc., it will not require a great deal of addi tional supply for successful grain raising on most of the fertile upland in western Nebraska. Weoitenhear the remark from intelli gent, experienced farmers "one more good shower at the right time will make a crop." And if the shower comes at the right time the prediction usually proves true. Corn, small grain and potatoes all have a critical period in which, the plant growth having reached its max imum, it requires a little more moisture to mature the grain, or the bulb as the case may be. If that is furnished at the right time a good harvest is assured. If not, the result is a failure. One inch of rain at the right time thus often adds one half and even more to the yield. But the portion of that decisive shower which is utilized for the benefit of the crops de pends largely on the time of day in which it falls, as well as on other conditions. If it should be anytime from ten o'clock a. m. to three p. m. and be immediately followed by bright hot sunshine and a smart wind most of it evaporates oeioreucan permeate tne sou. IF. on the contrary it falls in the night the most oi it is conserved lor the use of the crop. How far such an emergency in the growth of a crop (and it occurs nearlv every year) it is evident that a reservoir containing sufficient water to supply one men on tne surface may make all the dif- ierence oetween Dounteous crops ana a failure. As these crises in the growth of the amerent crops occur at differeut periods it is evident that the reservoir only needs to be of capacity to supply one at a time. Thon.by always applying the water in the evening, and keeping the windmill con stantly running great results may be ob tained Dy a pi ant oi DUt moderate size and cost. J. II. Powers, THET HAD THEIR CHANCE. THE PEOPLE TRUSTED DEMOCRACY . ABD WERE BETRAYED. Now all who Love Tbeir Country and Their Homes Will Unite. IlASTiXis, April C. 189G. Lnrron Independent: In ninety-two the democratic party stood united and trong. Iney won a rnagnincent vic tory in November of that year. The people had tired of republican treachery and misrule and sought to teach their truitorons leaders a practical lesson Had the Cleveland administration been intelligent and honest, and taken ad vantage of the trust committed to its hands, the party could have secured a long lease of power. But in 1893 Cleve land and bis immediate followers took up the wicked and ruinous policy of Har rison and his treacherous republican al lies, only more openly and recklessly Treason and greed was in their hearts also. Before the year closed dissensions ripened into open conflict Today the party is hopelessly disrupted. During tne same time republican politicians sought to make capital for themselves, not by carefully protecting public inter ests which a democratic administration had abandoned in its pursuit of place and greed. Y hen Cleveland demanded the repeal of the hherman law, repubh cans joined in the destruction of the peo ple s money, well knowing it was political suicide to the democratic party, and ut terly indifferent to the well known fact that it would ruin the industries of the nation. Republicans following the lead of Tom Keed, cried, "give democratic leaders rope and they will soon hang themselves. Witn tne same rope re publican politicians are now being swung off. Ihe better element in the re publican party, for be it known there are many true and trustworthy men in tne party have raised their voice in pro test to the shameless and wicked course of their recent partisans, and for several months a bitter strugglo in republican ranks has engaged public attention and caused clean, honest men of every party to hang BREAK ONE tfOSOPOLY- Old Party Voters. Urom the united States government report ou "slum of great cities in the United States' we select a few items re garding two of the leading cities of the country New York and Chicago. The "slum" population of New York City numoers aou.uuu; uncago, 162,000. The majority of the residents of the "slums are Italians, followed in order of numbers, by Irish, Germans, Austro Hungarians, Russians and Poles. In the slum districts in New York City there is one saloon to every 129 persons; in the city at large, one saloon to every 200 persons. In Chicago, there is one saloon to every 127 in the slum districts; in the city at large, one saloon to every 212 persons. In the slum districts of New York City the arrests averaged 1 to every 6 persons; city at large, 1 to every 18 persons. Chicago in the slum dis tricts, 1 to 4 persons; city at large, 1 arrest to every 11 persons. In the slum districts of New York only 36 out of every 100 of those ten years of age and over can read and write the language of this country; iu Chicago only 52 out of every 100 can read and write the lan guage of this country: and yet 61.31 per cent, of the voters of Chicago come from the slum districts, and 62.44 per cent, of the voters of New York City come from the slum districts. Paupers and Pau perism, by George C. Bennett. Who Knows? Sunnyside Farm, March 25, 1896. Editor Independent: I should have eight or ten pop papers to go to my German neighbors every week regular from now until November next. In that way I can capture two-thirds of them. All they get is g. o. p. slush with which they are not quite satisfied. They feel there is a wrong somewhere. When they are advised by their republican friends and read democrat and republican papers, 1 might talk my jaw off and do but little more than to make them feel uneasy. Their desire is to do right for themselves and vote for their best inter est. Can the papers be mailed to them if I send the names? J. H. Bretz. Numerous letters of this kind are con stantly received at this office, not only asking for Germau populist papers, but for Swede, Bohemian and Danish. What are we to do? If there are any such papers in Nebraska please tell us. Don nelly is making a desperate effort in Min-1 nesota to raise money to print some thing in those languages. If he succeeds perhaps we can get something from there. Editor Independent. It 1 all llosh. A number of populist papers have stated that the silver convention to be held at St. Louis, July 22d, would have twenty-six hundred delegates, while the people's party convention would only have thirteen hundred delegates, and that there was a movement on foot to consolidate the two conventions so that the silver party would have two votes where the people's partjr would have only one. There is not a word of truth in these statements. The people's party national convention will be com posed of about thirteen hundred and ninety delegates, and the silver conven tion of about thirteen hundred and ten delegates. No one has ever as much as suggested that the two conventions would combine in one, to make a plat form, or nominate candidates. their heads in shame. rnus.day by day it is becoming more and more evident that the republican party is neing destroyed, a dozen or more presidential candidates, all gold- ites, in the Held, and ngbting like devils, accusing each other of darkest political corruption, and a lavish use of money, to secure ignorant and purchasable del egates, not for broad natioual principles and general prosperity, even refusing to discuss, as did McKinley a few days since, the causes of the blighting poverty that is fast ruining the country. How is it with the people's great non-partisan movement; Who will charge that there is corruption and lack of harmony in the ranks of the great common people and attempt to prove it. The more than two thousand populist and reform papers, and hundreds of books and pain phlets, discussing the financial and in dustrial interests are in absolute har mony and the grave issues that interest the country and the homes, find place in their columns, instead of the names and the relative merits of politicians pushing and scrambling for office. The beat rep resentatives of industrial prosperity, the manufacturers of the east and the silver senators of the west, are coming to gether shoulder to shoulder, regardless of party, to stand for true Arnericanistn and genuine prosperity. All true friends of bimetallism, all really patriotic Amer icans, all men who truly love their coun try and their homes will stand together soon after the national conventions shall have adjourned. There will be no possi bility of mistaking the issues from that time on. Whom will the people serve, the gold gamblers and bond grabbers and political pirates or their country and their homes W. G. WlLLOUGHDY. It Holdi the Land and Transportation in its Grasp. Wise politicians make some bad mis takes, and none are more apparent now than their underestimation of the peo ple s intelligence, bvery avenue leads towards the main question great in its simplicity. We can not work without food. We can not exchange without a meas ure. We can not reckon without price. ecan not buy sparingly and sell bountifully, or the reverse. He can not pay debts without Iwral tender. Scarce money destrovs the opportun ity oi toners nowever ambitious they may be to save a capital with which to buy land, build homes and save rent. I here is the land question in its essence. Let us presume for fair reasoning that farmers, mechanics, and merchants had lived a decade in the United States un der a government that had carried out our constitution impartially in matters of finance, and there would be capital reaoy ior investment in the bands of all prudent men, except the unfortunate. Then a few could not monopolize trans portation. These many little bundles of capital in the hands of users of freight lines would unite, seeking honest invest ment and break the monopoly. Free competition would be better for ns than government ownership if it were not for the terrible waste of paralleling lines and the maintainance of separate organiza tions with the salaries for unnecessary officials which the people would have to pay as they do now. But the owners of roads would soon be glad to take cost or present worth for their lines. The bill would have no opposition. It would pass and the public roads would belong to the public. 1 here is the railroad plank spiked in separably to our finaucial system what ever it may be or is. If it were not for the fact ns it is at pres ent that twenty men in our land can corner the money of the land at anv time they choose and put up the ten per cent, board of trade margin longer or shorter than all the rest of the people combined, anti-option bills would be come absurdities. Capitalists do what they can do because they are wise enough to Know tney can. l say withdraw their power over our fixed circulation by civ- ing us means of expanding it legitimate ly with the property of those who so will as security. I lour would never sell at three dol iars per Parrel it tne people had money to buy. Cotton would never sell at six cents if the people had money to buy cloth and build mills. The all-absorbing, all-important ques tion, though a single principle, is multi plicand tor every other business propo sition as multiplier. But the propo sition will never be demonstrated, and tne servant will never obey his master. nor will legislators ever give the people redress until the voter becomes a better man. Dear reader, let's you and I start a resolution in that direction now. J. W. Treen, in Ellsville. (Miss.) Patriot. i FOOD FOR THOUGHT The man who happens into "THE NEBRASKA" this Spring will find plenty of food for thought in the prices he finds attached to anything he may pick up. He will finda good, substantial, durable, suit of clothes marked $4.25 which ten years ago would have cost him at least a ten dollar bill. He will find a fine black worsted suit selling for seven dollars the same quality as- he used to . pay 15.00 to $18.00 for not many years ago He will find M en's Bhirts marked 50 cents which a few years back would have been considered cheap at $1.50 and he will find Hate, Shoes, Underwear, Sox and anything that a Man or Boy can wear for VERY MUCH LESS than he ever expected to see them marked. What is the cause of these lower-than-ever prices at "THE NEBRASKA" this Spring? The main cause is the general condition of the country and together with that, is the desire on the part of "THE NEBRASKA' to make prices in keeping with the hard times. Prices th-is Spring are lower than ever before, our prof its are lower than ever before, our values are greater than ever before. It is a good time for you to buy. Our Spring Catalogue will give you some valuable lessons on the cheapness of things. , " :r . SEEDS ALFALFA SEED A SPECIALTY. Can and Millet Seeds, Kaffir, Jerusalem and Mllo Malie Corn Snccess and Hniless Barter. Seed Oats. All cron of 1H9S- seeds. Kauaas. Write for onr -How to Sow Alfalla." and prices on MoltJETU ft K1JNN1SON, Garden City, J There Is No Doubt It cut both ways, does not crash. One clip out the MERIT of and the horns are off close. Write for circular. TIC KEYSTOBiK EHOfMNG KNIFE - Bhranvllle. Pa. J Alfalfa In Nebraska. Red Willow county is justly and right ly called "The Great Alfalfa Region." Last year was onoufextremedrouth,and yet a great many neids oi alfalfa were cut four times and the entire yield was seven to ten tons per acre of fine hay, and this without any irrigation whatever. Hay is $4 to $5 per ton. Some fields were cut twice for hay and once for seed, but the yield of seed was light, yielding only four to six bushels per acre, which is worth $6 per bushel. Take hay, seed and pasture and it is reasonably safe to estimate a season's growth of alfalfa at at $25 to $40 an acre per year. Twenty head of cattle and horses ran on eight acres from April 1 to June I, and and were then turned out. July 12 a crop of hay was cut and the last of Sep tember a seed crop, and then pastured iu October and November. The hay and seed brought $43 per acre, and the pas ture was worm sometning. 1 consider one acre of altalfa worth as much or more than two of clover for hogs or any stock. Three good crops of hay were cut from a number of fields last season where the seed was sown last April. 1 tie uav is very nutritious. It makes a most excellent quality of beef. About as fine beef as I ever saw was fattened exclusively on alfalfa hay. Shoots will thrive on tne hay all winter. They eat it greedily like clover in June. I sowed five acres on upland, where it iszUU feet to water, July 1, Shamp at College View, According to previous dnnouncments the Hon. Jerome Sbamp addressed the good people of College View in Grant precinct last Saturday evening. The village attorney. Mr. Rhea, was made chairman of the meeting and before in troducing the speaker occupied about fifteen minutes in a ringing speech for straight populistic goods which are at all times all wool and a yard wide. Mr. Shamp was introduced and ocjupied over an hour in one of his sledge hammer arguments for the principles of the Omaha platform. Mr. Shamp may not be as finished an orator as theyoung republi can Demosthenes Collins, who spoke from the same platform a week before, but his stubborn facts out weighed all thesubtle fancies of all the Collinses that Lincoln can spew out to inflict and try to deceive a farming community. JLSut as Mr. Collins has so recently been repudiated by his own party it would be as cruel to add to his present distress as to speak evil of the dead. Few among our speakers are better posted in the a. b. c. as well as the x. y. z. of populism tnan Mr. crnamp ana especially upon the railroad question. Having a great deal to do with railroads in his business has made him familiar with the transportation question and he handled it in an intelligent and convinc ing manner. The1 history of the maxi mum freight rate law and its suspension in the courts and the gain to the rail roads and the loss to the producing classes was one of his strong points. His figures on actual cost of construction and watered stock had a telling effect. He showed how the republican party had robbed the state, robbed the county, rob bed the city and said that it was re ported iu the city that the republican candidate for water commissioner had been guilty of robbing the grave yard. Mr. Shamp said he was raised a republi can, went into tne army a repuoncan, came out a republican, and was n Lincoln republican today, but that the fathers of the party would not recognize their de generate children were they to rise from the dead. The greater portion of his speech how ever was devoted to to the financial question. He traced the history of the demonitization of silver, the stealthy manner in which the white metal was stricken down at the demand and in the interest of capital, the repeal of the pur chasing clause of the Sherman act, and united, and almost unanimous efforts of Arlington Nursery and Fruit. Farm MARSHALL BROS., Props., Arlington, Neb. full line of Nursery Stock, Fruit and Forest Trees, Vines and Plants, Roses and Ornamentals. -WRITE JFOIfc PRICE H.IST. F. D, SHERWIN, DENTIST Second Floor Burr Block. Teeth on Robber, Platinum, Oold, Alnmlnnm, and Porcelain Plata, and Crown Work. Gold, Porcelain, and Amalgam Fillings. ' Oold and Forcelala BrM SEEDS The most successful farmers and gardnsr buy their seeds directly from the growers. We established a seed garden in 1893 in Fur nas county, Nebraska, and are now prepared to sell our Nebraska Home Grown Seed direct to the farmers and gardners. Free catalogue sent on application Cameron's Home-Grown-Seed Co. BEAVER CITY, NEBRASKA. Ship TO MA Yottf Produce Direct it every day. urain at RKET. It is the only way to get the true value of what you have to " anil Itiatinlnnmt an ATna.n. -1. 1 . . - " v iuu6" i iuicuu wur Bmjjpers testily vt We receive and sell: Butter. Eetzs. Poultry. VauI. CmA. u. ana sales Shipping "vuiij. wwuaa wt.CAt.w9. biuuii burn, n qhr. wwnni. . runn Dried Fruit. Vegetables, oranvthintfvoumavhavfltoshin. We me mo-nest Muricei race ana send nnirir returns. Writa na fn. iw.. - - ."WW Tags, or any information you may want. SUMMERS, MORRISON & CO., Commission Merchants. 4 A C . .XL. Ilf .1 a"1 s.a a - mm utouuin wdierocreei, CirmJAUU, ILL. Metropolitan National Bank, Chicago, and this paper. Eeferencea: to water, July 1. and cut it August 6, and it was twenty inches hiirh. Alia iia is rigiitiycallea"ine mortgage Vhe two old parties to place us and to iffn. " f-... if t Hnti't lift n 1. ....... ... keep us on a goia Dasis to tne ruination of all - business interests ana tne per- manent enthronment of capital above labor as Lincoln predicted would be the case. lifter," lor if it don t lift a mortgage notniug on eartn will. wm. Coleman. McCook. Neb. Last year alfalfa raising being an' en tirely new business to nearly all our fart mers, they were greatly perplexed abouo getting seed. 1 his year there will be ua trouble on that score for the Nebrnske Seed Go, of Omaha have laid in a larg- stock of alfalfa seed, peculiarly adapted to Nebraska climatic and soil conditions which they ship on the day the order is received. Their Doom Is Certain. Political bossism dictated the republi can platform iu 1808 and in eight short years they found it necessary to commit a crime to elect a president. 1 hey may do successtui tnis year in lorcmg an un welcome law giving the nation gold as a money, but it they do, it will only take lour years to grind tnat party to pieces. Howells Journal. , The audience seemed to appreciate Mr. Shamp's address and while College View people are generally republican they will at least have something to think about for some time. Stale stories and school boy eloquence may tickle and excite, but plain spoken facts cause the intelligent hearer to stop and consider. Grant. Thomas V. Cator of San Francisco, California, writes Senator Stewart, that: "A leading democrat, who was eight years member of the California legisla ture from Shasta county, has last week announced his secession .from the demo cratic party, and has joined the people's party. 1 think the break will be im mense when we finish at St. Louis. Tenant Farmers. There are 12,690,152 families in the United States, and of these families 52,- 20 per cent hire their farms or homes and 47.80 per cent, own them, while 57. 97 per cent, of the owning families own subject: to incumbrance, and 72.03 per cent, own free of incumbrance. Among 100 families, on the average, 52 hire their farms or homes, 13 own with in cumbrance, and 35 without incumbr ance. On the owned farms and homes there are liens amounting- to $2,132, 919, 563, which is 37.50 per cent, of the value of the incumbered farms and homes, and this debt bears interest at the average rate of 6. 05 per cent. Ex tra United States Census Bulletin, Jan uary 24, 1895. Where our Money Goes. The total ordinary expenditures of the United States Government for the year 1895 were $356,000,000. Over one third of this amount was paid for pen sions. The other leading items were: $31,000,000, interest on public debt; $52,000,000, expenses of War Depart ment; $29,000,000, Navy Department; Indians, $10,000,000. The ordinary ex penditures of the United States Govern ment average nearly $1,000,000 a day. The ordinary expenditures by state and local governments average nearly $600, 000,000 annually $50,000,000 each month. The interest on the debt of the National, State and local governments combined amounts to $84,000,000 annually-an average of $7,000,000 monthly. Male Them Happy. Warden Leideigh at the penitentiary and Dr. Abbott at the insane asylum, made a festal day of Easter Sunday, as far as it was possible, for the inmates of both institutions. They desire to return thanks to Mrs. Angie Newman and all others who gave assistance. There was music, floral decorations and interesting addresses by different parties. The pris oners at the penitentiary were each given a little present as they marched by in line and then went to their cells. Al together it was a very pleasant time at both places for all concerned. It Takes Courage. It takes sublime courage for a man to sever political ties that have bound him from his youth up, wheu actuated solely from principle and not political revenge. Ulysses Dispatch. 320 Acres of first class land for sale cheap, or trade, all under irrigation ditch. 175 acres in good cultivation. For particulars direct to M. M. Cook, Champion, Nebr. WOVEN IRE FENCE Over SO Styles! 1 The het oh Earth. Hon-fhlprh, I Bull strong, Vlg and Chicken I tight. Yoiien make from 40 1 w ou runs per aay ior irom I 14 to 22c. a Rod. liinii iiitii i aiAiogue k rAA KITSELMAN BROS.. Ridgeville, - Indians -XS It V TffPlUWn? Steel Mill and ins tilt Mt : Steel Towap in UioroUKhlvealvanijifid nfti. completion. We also make all sizes of Wind Mills tor running machinery, and a fulllineofPumDS.Cvlinrl Tanks, Grinders, Sheliers, SweepGrinders,Horse Pow ers, eta Full Information with catalogue furnished on knnlfpftMnn. Adj.... Challenge Wind Mill and Feed Mill Co., Batavia, III. 1 i Write now. t BOes Moines W Incubator CO, fc3 Boxl24l)e8MoineeJa SUCCESSFUL INCUBATOR Oar magnificent new catalogue giving full in formation re- artificial atoning A Hroodina and treatise on pou sen t Ior 4 rcnlar free. try mlBing aen t for stamp. Ci: ill r-T ft L I I r- i.i uaoiea rieiQ ana Hog hence, iv,niuowDWa; nwei wen P cket Lawn Fence: Poultry. Garden and Kabb't Fence: Steel GtS fanards: Bteel Wire ! ence Board.etc. Catalogue free. DeKALB FENC CO.. m High St.. DcKalb. III. IRON AND W000 PUMPS OF ALL KINDS, Eclipse and Fairbanks Wind mills, Towers, Tanks. Irriga tion Outfits, Uuse. Belting Orlndera.MiKllers, Wood saw" Orire Points, Pipe. Fittings Brass Goods and Fulrbniika Htnndnrd Scale. Priees low. Get tbe best. Send for Catalogue. FAIRBANKS, MORSE & CO., 1102 Farnam St. Omaha, Neb. 1 jf. si i r '-wo- , t i.