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About The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 27, 1896)
THE NEBRASKA INDEi'ENDENTT
fi! Ncbraoka Jnbcpmbcnt
THE WEALTH MAKEKS 4 LINCOLN
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY
IndepsidEijt Publishing Go.
At 110 X Stmt,
LINCOLN, - NEBRASKA.
$1.00 per Year in Advance.
Address all eommonlct)oni to, and maks all
drafts, money orders, etc., payable to
TUB INDEPENDENT PDB, CO.,
Allen stands there in the senate the
stern son of the voice of the people.
We propose to make o America a
magnificent spectacle of human happi
A church down in New England has
endorsed Tillman. Some good may
come out of Nazareth yet.
Just remember when you go into the
next campaign that victory means pros
perity. Defeat, misery and want.
The bond issue was a necessity, they
'say. . "Necessity is the argument of ty
rants and the creed of slaves."
Oh! the sweet enjoyments there are in
one hundred million of "four-thirties."
Rothschilds and J. l'ierpont Morgan can
tell you all about it.
The men who advocate the remone
tization of silver are a thinking and
reading crowd. If you don't beliove it,
just tackle one of them.
When they talk to you about a fifty
cent dollar just give them a whack over
the head with a two hundred cent dol
lar and see how they like that.
The men at Washington seem willing
to bear any load of infamy however
great, if only they can make an unpay
able national debt that will bear inter
We propose to put the executive office
in the hands of an honest man with in
telligence sufficient for the station,
whom blandishments will not fascinate
nor threats intimidate,
Treasurkh Thompken of Holt county
petitioned the board of supervisors to
buy a safe. They wouldn't do it. He
deposited f 25,000 in a bank. The bank
failed. The farmers will foot the bill.
England lias a large surplus, "which
the Chancellor of the Exchequer an
nounces that he will use to reduce the
national debt. Our government is going
into debt at the rate of a million a day.
"Let us have faith," said Lincoln,
"that right makes might, and in that
faith let us dare to do our duty ns we
understand it." Upon that sentiment
the populist stands, and he will continue
to stand there while life lasts.
The gold bugs and bankers will put up
all sorts of schemes to carry Nebrrska
this fall. They are already backing a
crowd of purchasable scamps in Omaha
who propose to call a convention and
nominate a "labor ticket." The banks
will willingly furnish all the money neces
sary to help start such a job as that.
America (New York City) hoists the
names of Tillman, of South Carolina, and
Silas Holcomb, of Nebraska, as its can
didates for president and vice-president.
Its platform is: "Let all the people be
united, fifty dollars per capita, gold, sil
ver and paper." It is an old paper of
very large circulation.
The goldites made a big noise over the
fact that bids for 600,000,000 were
made for bonds. They said it proved
that there was an enormous quantity
of gold in this country. It turnBout
that there were many millions bid for
by men and boys who did not have a
cent of money. Let the goldites try
The demand for gold standard maga
zine writers, paid, with bank money, has
increased the activity of linguistic acro
bats to such an extent that it is a very
poor specimen of these literary hirelings
who cannot turn six summersaults for
ward aud backward in one sentence
Some of the Wall street bankers sent
greenbacks to pay for bonds. Carlisle
sent them to another window, redeemed
them In gold, took the gold and deliv
ered the bonds. There is no fit illustra
tion of the assinine stupidity of such a
performance, except the jackass who
woutd stay in a party that did such
TMKV WILL DESTROY IUIIINI.iMI
There 1 a matter of ry great
moment suggested in the following let
ter, to which all those taking an interest
in this state may well give attention.
Lincoln, Neb., Feb. 22, 189G.
Mr. T. H. Tibbies. Dear Sir.-I have
seen two or three copies of The Inde
pendent. I, as you know, have always
been a republican and never voted any
other ticket, save some times in local
elections, until I voted for Holcomb, to
defeat Tom Majors. Of late, I have
come to the conclusion that if the ten
dencies in republican state politics which
have prevailed in the last ten years con
tinue, a large part of the state will be
Abandoned, and what you and I hoped
to see when we came here twenty-five
years ago we will never see, i. e., a great
state, thickly populated with a happy
and . prosperous people. Men will not
stay in this state and raise corn and
wheat, when it takes two bushel of corn
to take one bushel to market. They
will leave the state. When they leave
there will be no further business for the
merchants, lawyers, doctors, ministers,
teachers and professors, and they too
will go to a population that can pay for
This very great fall in the products of
the farm must be followed by a corre
sponding reduction in transportation
rates or the stato will be largoly depop
ulated, especially that part of it lying
west of the hundredth meridian. That
means the ruin of all business in cities
like Lincoln and Omaha. It seems to
me there can be no escape from this
The tendency in the republican party
in fact the very organization of it, is
such that there is no possibility within
its ranks to obtain a reform in this mat
ter. The party must and will stand by
the corporations in the future as in the
past, and in my judgment, the further
success of that party in this state means
the destruction of every material inter
est in it. The recent exorbitant raise in
freight rates on some of the roads in
this state is not condemned by any
papoV or leader in that party. They,
one and all, keep silence while the great
packing interests in South Omaha and
the cattle raisers of the west are both in
danger of ruin.
Your paper seems to be the only one
in the state, at least the only one that
has come under my notice, that takes a
comprehensive, view of this matter, ap
preciated the grave danger, and has the
courage and intelligence to vividly de
scribe what the future portends."
But what good will this writing do un
less it ie sent into the homes of the great
mass of the people? The organs of the
corporations go into nearly every home
in the state, your paper into compara
tively few. (I believe you told me you
had about 7,000 circulation.)
I know the desperate distress among
our population, but it seems to me that
there ought to be men in your party
who would make sacrifices to put out
50,000 a week inBteau of 7,000 from
pure patriotism. They will find many,
like myself, who have never been counted
as members of your party, very willing
to help in that matter if a proper effort
You may print this letter if you think
it will do any good and you may put
my name to the bottom of it. But you
know my aversion to notoriety of any
kind, and as I grow older I am more and
more averse to it, and I ask, as a favor,
that you do not, unless you, in your
best judgment, deem it actually neces
sary to accomplish the purpose for which
it was written. ,
Tne Ranker's Magazine says that "for
eight consecutive years we have exported
gold and when the record for the entire
year is made, the total loss of gold since
1888 will be shown to be very near
1325,000,000. In the samo time we
have exported net, nearly $ 175,000,000
of silver, making a total of $500,000,
000 of the precious metals exported in
eight years. The total exports of gold
for the full year of 1895 will probably
be about $75,000,000."
On another page (103) it says that
there is yet in circulation in the United
States $435,501,370 of gold. Then
there must have been, between 1888 and
1895, $810,501,376 of gold in this coun
try, a greater amount than ever was
claimed by the wildest gold crank on
Wall street. The truth about the matter
is that the $485,000,000, claimed by the
treasury department to be in circulation
in this country, is like this confidence
money of the bankers, pure wind.
On another poge (35) it says that we
have "a redundant currency," that is
too much money. "This redundancy of
curreucy," it goes on to state, "at the
money centers depresses interest rates
and tends to expel gold from this coun
try." Now that is the height of bank wisdom.
Notwithstanding Trot. Calwell's charit
able views, we find it impossible to be
lieve that men of the intelligence of those
great bankers can be honest in the pub
lication of such economic idiocy. They
know that money begins to accumulate
in vaults and banks as soon as there is
a general fall in prices. They know that
a general fall in prices cannot occur
without a contraction of the currency.
They know that the cause of a low rate
of interest is falling prices,' for men will
not borrow money to go into business
ben prices are falling, ami that it
therefore accumulates in the money
centers. They know these things. It is
impossible that they should not know
know them. In other words when the
great bankers say that the cause of the
oresent conditions in the financial world
is a redundant currency, or too much
money, they know that they are lying.
Many of the little bankers, especially in
this part of the country, are honest
when they say such things. They don t
know any better. They are the most
ignorant class concerning economics in
the whole community. But the great
bankers of the east understand political
economy. They have set out to rob the
world and have no more conscience than
DESTROYI NO - NEBRASKA
The corporations seem determined to
ruin this state if they can, and drive the
population out of it. They will make a
desert of it if left alone. Greed seems to
be destrovinir their common sense. With
corn only 12 and oats 10 cents a bushel
in all northwest Nebraska, the railroads
have made an enormous raise in freight
rates on live stock. A man can't make
a living raising grain at those prices,
and the corporations seem determined
that he shall not make a living raising
stock. So he will have to emigrate and
turn the prairies over to the coyotes,
owls and rattlesnakes again.
A prominent shipper, in speaking of
the raise of rates from Chadron to South
"If mnlrpR nn increase altogether of
SI 8 to S20 a car on stock shipped from
Chadron to South Omaha. The old rate
nn rattlo in Smith Omaha was $58 a
car. A car load of cattle weighs 28,000
or 29,000 pounds. Lnaer tins new iarin
wo UFA nn lv .illnwod '22.000 pounds in a
car all over that is charged 27 cents a
hundred pounds say 6,500 pounds at
a cents fll.ua. in aaamon w mm
the road has added $1.50 a car for
nwitnhino- At. Smith Omaha. The in
crease on a car of hogs amounts to from
$8 to $10. Yes, it's tougn, dui we nave
to take it as it comes."
"Have to take it as it comes." Of
course you will, just as long as you and
other idiots are such infernal fools as to
always vote the corporation ticket.
POPULISTS CAN'T BE BOSSED
The first kick on the policy of this pa
per was received this week. The writer,
pretending to be a Simon pure populist,
says "Sherman is about right when he
says that silver is old straw threshed
and threshed over again." He may
think that it is populism to agree with
John Sherman, but we don't. The Oma
ha platform demands the free coinage
of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1, and we
shall advocate that as well as postal
savings banks, the ownership of tele
graphs and the remaining principles of
populism and let this Bellevue, Iowa,
chap go with John Sherman if he wants
to. The "rank and file" of the party
will be at St. Louis on July 22. They
will make the platform. They will repre
sent the virile strength of this nation-
its brawn and brain, and they win not
agree with this chap or John Sherman,
either. Another thing. Nobody will
boss them. Nobody will fix things. The
men who will go there as delegates wil1
do the bossing and fixing themselves.
A REMARK OF THE EDITOR.
The poor old State Journal is having
lots of trouble these days. It creaks in
nil its joints whenever it thinks of The
Independent. That it may sleep better
of nights and not have to bear such a
burdeu on its soul this editor remarks
There has never been a suggestion
made to the editor of The Independent
by the governor or any of his appointees
in regard to what should appear in thfs
paper. If he.or any of his appointees take
it into their heads to make a suggestion
to the editor, it will receive just as much
consideration and no more, than if it
came from any other member of the
populist party of good judgment and
good standing in the party.
This is written in the hope that it will
relieve some of the anxieties of the poor
old Journal, which seems to be taking a
good deal ofinterestin The Independent
of late. Hereafter we hope the poor old
And not let the bed bugs bite."
TARIFF AND SILVER PARITY.
If Reed, McKinley, Allison, Morton or
Manderson should put out a tariff plank
on a "parity" with their money plank it
would read like this: "I am in favor of
a protective tariff, and of such tariff leg
islation on this line as shall duly protect
our manufacturers and laborers and fos
ter home industry, but always upon the
condition that the prices of manufac
tured articles shall not thereby be raised
to consumers and that those prices shall
therefore never be higher than those for
the same articles in the cheapest markets
of the world."
Notwithstanding poverty and distress
all over the country, the republicans of
the house of representatives raised the
salaries of the five Indian commissioners,
$500 each. That is in line with republi
can policy. During their reign in power
of thirty years, they have more than
doubled the salary of all government
officials. Not satisfied with that, they
have doubled the purchasing power of
the dollars in which the salaries are paid,
so that it takes four times as much of
products of labor to pay them as it did
thirty years ago. St ill they are not sat
isfied and have begun to raise the sal
aries again. (Now don't show this to
your republican farmer neighbor or he
will vote the ticket three times at the
next election. He likes dear dollars and
cheap wheat and corn. He likes high
salaries for government officials and
none at all for himself, so you mustn't
tell him anything about it.)
THAT V. P. INVESTIGATION
The senate Pacific railroad committee
has been "investigating." Cal. Brice,
Wolcott and Thnrstou have run the
thing, and any man of common sense
can tell what that kind of "investiga
ting" will amount to. The other day
Alien arose in the senate and said:
1 beg to express the hope that the committee
will now tarn Its attention from bondholder! and
tockbolder and mortgagees and atockbrokera
and attorney! and lobbyists and giTe the honest
patrons of the road some opportunity to be
Great Ceasar! What a stir that little
remark madel Within five minutes nearly
every corporation lawyer in the senate
was on his feet. Wolcott, Sherman,
Hoar and Piatt were all saying "Mr.
President, Mr. President," at once.
"I have not the slightest doubt," said Allen,
"that persons In the cities ot Omaha, Cheyenne,
Denver, and other places where the Union Pacific
railroad runs and where the Kansas Pacific rail
road rnns would be able to tarnish valuable In
formation to the committee. In fact, I think I
know that they possess Information that would
be of great value to the commltte, and which
would shed much light upon this very dark
But the committee did not have any
antliority to send for persons and papers
and the senate wouldn't adopt Allen's
resolution to give them authority. If
we bad had a senator there in the place
of Thurston, to help Allen, in place of
fighting him, the people of this state
might have obtained some relief. As it
is, they will continue to pay all that the
traffic will bear.
WHAT CAN WITHSTAND IT?
Henry Clay on the 19th of February,
1838, delivered a speech in the United
States senate, which shows that he, even
at that early day, understood the awful
force of the money power when it had
control of a subservient president. He
said: "We should then behold. a concen
trated money power equal to that of all
existing banks. This tremendous power
would be wielded by the secretary of
treasury under the immediate commands
of the president of the United States.
Here would be a perfect union of the
sword and purse; here would be no im
aginary, but an actual, visible consolida
tion of the money power. Who or what
could withstand it?"
Nothing can withstand it. It is a
power greater than that ever exercised
by any king or czar. It must be over
thrown. No right, however sacred or
well established is safe while it exists. It
can never be overthrown until the people
elect a president not a tool of the money
POPULISTS CAN'T BE ECS3ED.
The first kick on the policy of this
paper was received this week. The writer,
pretending to be a Simon pure populist
says "Sherman is about right when he
says that silver is old straw threshed and
threehed over and over again." He may
think that it is populism to agree with
John Sherman but we don't. The Omaha
platform demands the free coinage of
silver at the ratio of 16 to 1, aad we
shall advocate that as well as postal
savings banks the ownership of tele
graphs and the remaining principles of
populism and let this Bellevue, Iowa,
chap go with John Sherman if he wants
to. The "rank and file" of the party will
be at St. Louis on July 22. They will
make the platform. They will represent
the virile strength of this nation its
brawn and brain and they will not agree
with this chap or John Sherman either.
Another thing. Nobody will boss them.
Nobody will fix things. The .men who
will go there as delegates .will do the
bossing and fixing themselves.
"COME NOW, TOTE FAIR-"
The Chicago Broadside says that
"Several of our exchanges are entitled
to the bakery. Their editors appear to
lack the ability to write yet have an ex
traordinary faculty of telling good mat
ter when they see it. Not only that but
they are afflicted with kleptomania. We
see many of our own articles in their
columns published without credit. We
will not exchange with papers that can't
The Independent has felt like making
remarks like that several times this
week. We found The Independent's
"Busted Bank" article and two or three
more, going the rounds credited to the
Southern Mercury, besides dozens of oth
ers with no credit at all. This office is
having an awful hard fight of it, and
it ought to have all the advertising
that honestly belongs to it. '
Every man being mentioned by the
democratic and republican leaders for
president is an outandoutgoldbug, while
every man mentioned in the people's
party for the same office is a pronounced
free silver man without any "ifs." But
the brainy free silver republicans and
democrats expect to get their principles
enacted into law by the reasonable and
logical process of always voting against
them. They go it on the plan of, "if you
want free silver always vote for a gold
bug for president."
COLLECT! NO CAMPAIGN FUNDS
The recent rsise In freight rates of
about 25 per cent. nn stock shipments is
the most outrageous thing the corpora
tions of this state have ever done. Tbey
say that the election last fall was a
straight railroad fight and Judge Max
well was beaten, giving the railroads a
solid working majority in this state and
they can bold it for years to come.
It seems that they have some grounds,
when about 80,000 farmers and stock
men persisted in voting for a known rail
road man for a supreme judge, for be
lieving that a majority of the voters of
Nebraska can be relied upon to vote to
make themselves paupers.
That and that alone, has given the
corporations courage to levy the addi
tional tax upon the people. If the popu
lists had carried the state, this piece of
extortion would never have been at
tempted. Meantime the populist governor is do
ing all that he can to defend the people
from this robbery. He has sent a protest
to the board of transportation in which
"That, bv the adoption of the schedule
of rates now in force for the shipment of
carload lots, made upon a basis of a cer
tain price per pound for the number of
pounds actually and ordinarily shipped,
an advance over the old rate of from 15
to 25 per cent is made, and that such
rates so established are unjust and un
reasonable." Every man ef brains in the state knew
that if the railroads carried the state at
the last election, there would be a raise
in rates. Tint immense campaign funds
paid out to get the vote of fools is being
recouped. That is all there is to it.
SEND FOR MOTHER WINSLOW.
The State Journal hates Rewick worse
than the devil hates holy water. He got
after some of its pet thieves, as the peo
ple well remember and made a very un
pleasant time for them. The Journal
has never recovered from that shock to
its nerves. Of late it has been irritated
again. It has found out that Rewick is
buying coal at $1.90 a ton for the asy
lum. The fact that there is a man in
Nebraska who will buy coal and deliver
it to a state institution at the lowest
market price, get no rebates and make
no "diveys" has driven the. poor old
thing almost distracted. It has got so
wild that it really thinks that Rewick
has the hiring and discharging of the
employees at the asylum. The nervous
hysterics it has are really dreadful. It
should send for Mother Winslow.
'About the first of July Grover will
slap another mortgage on your property
and John Sherman will back him up in
Disraeli said: "The characteristic of
the present age is craving credulity."
That fs why so many thousands believe
that we can preserve our credit by goiug
in debt, and that the more bonds we
issue the more prosperity we shall have.
Nebraska leads all the states in the
uniou in the proportion of it educated
people, and in Nebraska there is a great
er proportion-of populists to the popu
lation than in other states. It takes
education and intelligence to make popu
lists. The National banks are putting out
notes by the millions. The comptroller
reports that between January 1 and
February 12, they extended their circu
lation over $15,000,000. If the main
part of Grover's bonds are used to bank
on, there will be a slight rise in prices,
and that wili capture another lot of
The State Journal is horrified at the
thought of the populists sending around
a subscription paper to get funds to pay
the legitimate expenses of a campaign.
No wonder. The republicans when they
want campaign funds have a shorter
and better way. They send out an or
der to raise freight rates. That brings
the funds every time.
To the Jounal's Machine Poet.
The rhymer nils in his dingy den,
Writing his column of gush.
There's a (rood thing seen in it now and then,
But moat of It's simply slush.
And yet, if Ms doleful fate could be seen,
Ton would pity this luckless bard;
For he has to work like a hired machine,
And Is paid at so much per yard.
He scribbles rhymes on all sorts of themes.
From gold to a "speckled boar;"
On woman's rights and on baseball games;
He scribbles and nothing more.
The sacredest subject he turns to farce.
Religion he deems absurd,
He grinds out ream after ream of verse,
But poetry never a word.
He writes for party and pelf and place.
He writes against everything new.
He plnys the clown and he makes a face
At all things lofty and true.
To order, his si ntiments are supplied.
He writes what'er he Is told.
His own Ideas are cast aside;
His freedom of speech Is sold.
My poor little bardllng, is this the best
You can do with your pen and brain?
Can you nothing say to help the oppressed.
Because It will bring no gain ?
Must you sell your talents to aid the wrong?
Must you make of yourself a tool?
Must you wear the sacred mantle ot song
To help you play the fool ?
For me, I would rather work in the street,
Or follow a cart, or plow
And feel that I was free iny bread to eat
In the sweat of an houest brow.
Than to know that my principles had been bought
Than to be a commodity bard,
Who would grind out columns of stilted rot,
To be paid at so much per yard.
1. A. E.
THE JOURNAL'S DHIBHLK.
for several issues of late the State
Jonrnal has devoted a considerable
amount of space to the explanation of
the manner and method of getting out
this paper. Many of the statements are
en tirely without foundation and we can
not imagine their reason for such de
liberate misrepresentation. It may have
its effect temporarily, but they must cer
tainly know that it will react in tima
and the people' will know the facts.
In the first place they state that the
"Pop state house ring" (a purely im
aginary body), has taken the contract
to support this paper, and that they are
doing so by exacting money from the
appointees of Governor Holcomb, com
pelling them to subscribe for this paper
for themselves and for their friends. The
fact is that neither the Governor nor any
of bis appointees have a dollar's worth
of interest in this paper, outside their
friendly feeling, None of them are mem
bers of The Independent Publishing
Company. This paper is not pledged to
support any man or set of men, and
statements to the contrary from any
source whatever are false. No one is
compelled to take it. They may discon.
tinueitatany time. If there are any
who have been compelled through fear
or other means to subscribe for this pa
per either for themselves or their friends,
if they will write this office, giving the
amount so forced or extorted fromthein,.
together with the time, place, and by
whom it was done, their money will be
returned to them without delay. Now,
Mr. Journal, if you know of such per
sons, see that their wrongs are righted.
Independent Publishing Co.
Nebraska's Young Repubs.
All ye Nebraska's young repubs
Who join John M.'s McKinley clubs.
To you of braves I wish to slug:
Of Mosher and the state house ring
Of Hilton and the fees he got
Of Outcalt and of Barret Scott
Of Niobrara's broken ice
Of Dorgan's stones, all plugged to size.
When in your tents, just now and then
Think of this saintly gang of men;
Sweet always will their mem'ry be
Among Nebraska's U. O. P.;
Think of their skill In poll-ticks
And meditate upon their tricks.
INNOCENT JASPER DICK
Ed Hall Thinks That Wltb Poverty
Staring Him in the Face He
Ought to Know Better
Grand Island Neb., Feb. 23, 1876. v
Editor Independent I was interest
ed in reading the communication in your
last paper signed "Jasper Dick." I
could not help but think that he ought
to.take himself off to some quiet place
and give himself a lecture and see if he
could not convince himself that it was
sach political ignorance, or innocence,
as his own that has brought the country 7":
to the condition where the masses find
"poverty staring them in the face," after
having spent a lifetime of "incessant
labor, frugal living, and honest dealing
with their neighbors," and who are now,
frantically asking what the causes are
which have produced this condition.
He says he is a "republican of the old
school," and has "never swerved for one
moment in his allegiance to the prin
ciples of the grand old party," without
attempting to tell what those principles
were, or are. He then branches off into
state politics, and immediately com
mences to compare men instead of prin
ciples or policies of government which
have been carried out and which have
produced the conditions of which he com
plains. Ha discusses Senator Thurston
and ex-Senator Manderson, and takes
sides in the political mill which is to de
cide which of the two men is to deliver
the republican delegation at the St.
Louis couvention and receive the spoils
reward should the nominee of the con- .
vention happen to be elected. By his
communication it is evident that Jasper
is willing, and even anxious that Man
derson shall have the delegation, but
fails to tell how he, as a poverty-stricken
cuss, is going to be benefited with,, ,
Manderson as boss of the delegations
more than he would be if Thurston
bossed the job and delivered it to Mc
Kinley. I want to ask Jasper what Senator
Manderson has ever done for the people
that John M. Thurston hasn't done, or
is willing to do? Then I want to ask
him what either one of them has ever
done for the people in Nebraska, or out
of it, that has been of benefit to them?
Both are "republicans of the old school"
and "have never swerved for one mo
ment in their allegiance to the principles
of the grand old party," but have carried
those principles out as politicians until
Jasper and all his neighbors find "pov
erty staring them in the face" in their
old age, notwithstanding the fact that
they "have labored incessantly all their
lives, been frugal in their living, dealt
honestly with their neighbors, voted the
republican ticket with regularity, and
fought from Bull's Run to Appomatox."
Ed. J. Hall.
Banks Run This Country.
There is going to be a big row one of
these days between the banks and the
express companies. Both of them have
lobbies at Washington trying to put
through legislation to head each other
off. The express companies are issuing
nocntinhln trnvelnrV checks which are
nothing more or less than certified cer
tificates of deposit, payable at any ex
press office. This is trespassing on the
nroaervpH of the banks. The bankers
claim that these certificates are in fact
oirnilntino- notes and should be subiest
. . . rrt t I.
to tne ten per cent tax. a he ihukfes-
tif.nt la on the side of the exDress com Dm
nioa It nnta monnr in circulation. Bui
the banks will down tnem. iney rum
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