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About The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 7, 1895)
THE WEALTH MAKERS.
November 7, 1895
THE WEALTH MAKERS.
Ntw Bert ol
Consolidation of ths
Firmer A Wane and Neb. Independent.
PUBLISHED EVERT THURSDAY BT
Tit Wealth Ifakeri Publishing Oempany,
1130 li Bt, Lincoln, Nebraska.
8oio Bowiid Gibson ..Ed I tot
t. B. iiMTT n - BualneM ManaKsr
K I. P. A.
"If any man mint fall tor m to rtos,
Thn nk I not to climb. Another'! pain
I cboot not for mj good. A golden chain.
A rob ol honor, I too good a prlM
To tempt mjr hmtj hand to do a wrong
Unto a follow man. Tbls III bath wo
Sufficient, wrouitbt by man' aatanlc loe;
And who that bath a heart would dare prolong
Or add a lorrow to a stricken oul '
That aeekt a healing balm to mak It whole?
Ify bosom own th brotherhood of man."
. Publishers' Announcement.
Th nbcrlptlon pries of Tm Wealth Mis
sal U Sl.Mt per year, In advance.
AKnt In soliciting utmcrlpMons should be
very careful that all numi-s are correctly spelled
and proper poatoltlr Riven, blanks for return
nbsorlptlons, return envelope, etc.. can be bad
on application to thi oftlce.
Always sign your name. No matter how often
f on write u do not nelsH till imiiortant mat
ter. Every week we receive letter with Incom
plete adtlreeses or without slatmtnres and It I
omettme difficult to locate tfiem, ,
C'HAKUi or addkkhs. Subscribers wishing to
ebnntre tbelr postoRtce address must always rlv
their former a well a their preeent addrtes when
Changs will b promptly mud.
$1.1! per Inch. R cent per Agate line, 14 line
to th Inch. Liberal illaoount on larg pac or
lone; time contract.
Addreaa all advertising communication to
WEALTH MAKERS PUBLISHING CO.,
J. 8. Htatt. Bu. Ugr.
There is a crisis at hand in Turkey.
Let It come. It is time for Turkey to be
carved up and swallowed. ,
Senator Allen reports 400 foreclo
surra In the 12th judicial district last
month. And this is but the beginning ol
this sort of "prosperity."
Mrs. Humphrey Ward has begun a
new novel in the Century for November,
entitled Sir George Tressndy. The open
ing chapter bears the stamp of genius.
It is reported that the Harrison Re
publicans and otherrwill move soon to
have Chairman Carter of the national
executive committee ousted andagbld
bug put in his place. I
Senator Sherman's new book which
has made such a disturbance in the Re
publican family, and torn open old sores
by its claim that Jim stole the presiden
tial nomination from John, was printed
in a scab offloe.
The Inter-Ocean is congratulating the
people that so much food can be bought
for so little money. But is it so blind as
not to see that when commodities are
cheap, labor is cheaper? And labor can
not get up corner prices in wages, cannot
combine in labor trusts, cannot get
justice, not to mention class legislation
in its favor, because it is poor and ignor
ant. Yerkes, the street railway magnate of
Chicago has given the Standard Oil Uni
versity of that city a new telescope, the
most expensive and greatest in magnify
. Ing and light receiving power ever point
ed to the heavens. Yerkes is anxious to
have the people think him a philanthro
pes t and to divert their gaze to the stars
instead' of investigating him and his
methods of robbing the public, i
"The Lincoln Savings Bank Messenger'
says: "Put something in a good sav
ings bank every week and watch it
grow." Yes, great scheme, for the fel
iows who can put it there, provided the
bank don't break; but most people have
no money to put in, or are obliged to
pull out what they had hoarded. These
fearful times are making paupers ol
thousands. Aud the hard times are
caused by the hoarding of the capital
ists. I he editor ol the Century magazine
says "The present debased condition of
the American stage is due chiefly to the
creed, ignorance, and incapacity of a
large majority of the men who have
established u virtual monopoly in the
control of the theatre, and temporarily
at least, have put an end to healthy
competition." Then the fit, not to men
tion the fittest, do not survive in the sel
ll sh, grasping, money-measuring strug
gle, it seems. ' '
T here are reported 25 percent too
many laboring men in England. What! !
Yes, to o many men to find work at good
wages. And the like is trueof this coun
try. B ut how is this? Why not iucrease
the wealth and do away with poverty by
keeping all men at work? 0, we haven't
found out as a people how that might be
done. We do not know what justice is,
aud are afraid of what it realty is. We
Btill believe, the great majority of us,
that swapping dollars, and laws that al
low speculating and profits from others'
labor, are good things. We are so will
ing and eager to live without labor, that
we cling to laws that require the masses
to labor without living, without enjoy
ment, without rest. And as profits must
needs be periodical, so also is labor, for
about thirty or forty percent of our peo
ple. Aud the enthroned class toil not at
THE LE830N OF SOCIETY
William Dean Howells has a strong
article in the November Century, entitled
"Equality as the Busisof (Jood Society.''
He calls attention to the rule in society
to treat one another as equals. J'ush
and self-assertion are eutirely ruled out,
as vulgar. Consideration fof others is
shown; the strong defer to the weak; the
brilliant and gifted avoid putting the
rest at a disadvantage: and observing
this, Mr. Howells has been struck by the
philosophy of the fact. lie thinks good
society "an image of a righteous state
on earth," and notwithstanding the fnct
that it is "the stronghold of the prejudi
ces which foster inequality, it is the very
home of equality."
"H you are asked to a house it is the
theory that you are the equal of every
person you meet there, and if you be
have otherwise you are vulgar. You are
as dear to your host and hostess as any
others whom they entreat in the same
terms to give them the pleasure of their
company. The understanding is that no
distinction will be made between you and
them: no one will seek his own advant
age, but each will seek the advantage of
the rest; nothing shall be suffered to re
mind you of the selfish world outside.
Deference nnd attention shall be your
portion from all, which you will render
again. If you are intellectually the in
ferior of the rest, society will carry , its
complaisance still farther. and, as Goethe
noticed long ago, will adapt its conver
sation and diversion to your capacity.
Even the servitude which tacitly ope
rates your entertainment will be delica
tely used, and addressed in courteous
terms. In its flneHt und gentlest mo
ments society, will get rid of the inferiors
altogether by trenting them as equals,
and the equals will serve one another."
This is a description of ideal society.
Rarely, perhaps, is the ideal fully realiz
ed, because an unselfish self-control is
not eusy with self-centered people. Good
form requires of them a hypocrisy ol
goodness, of polite unselfishness, which
is hard to sustain.
Mr. Howells considers this recognition
or rule of equality in the social circle
necessary because "inequality is irksome
and offensive. You can have no pleasure
in the man you look up to, or the man
you look down on; the thing is impos
sible." We crave society. We desire to both
give and take, to find fellowship in the
basis of recognized equality. We get
no pleasure from those who look down
on us, nor from those we look down on.
Why,- then, look up to any, or look down
on any? If it be a good thing forequality
to be recognized and inequality to be re
fused (or lost sight of through service) in
Bociety, that fellowship may be increased
and good freely exchanged, why not cal;
all selfishness vulgar, as it undeniably is
and forsake it? Why not put into the
good form of politeness the good, spirit
of love, and let love rule us all at all
times, in our business relations where we
now exalt selflshne, as well a in the
social circle, where we despise and ex
clude it? If unselfishness is a good thing
at any time, in the family and in the
leisure hours of society, it would be a
vastly better thing to extend it, to use
it always. If selfishness, push and disre
gard of equality or others interests, is
hateful in society, it is hateful, it is vul
gar, it is stupid and foolish in the other
chief relations of life.
Howells says: "Humanity is always
seekinc equality. The patrician wishes
.o pe with Ins equals because hisinieriors
make him uneasy; the plebeian wishes to
be with his equals because his superiors
make him unhappy. I his tact accounts
for inequality itself, for classes. In
feriority and superiority were intolerable
to men, and so they formed themselves
into classes; that inside of these classes
they might have peace, the comfort of
eoualitv: and each kept himself to his
own class for that reason. ,
There is a natural basis for universal
equality. "All men are created equal" in
that they are tbo children of God, broth
ers. It is intended by our Creator that
we shall each serve the rest according to
our individual gifts, our capacity to
lubor. Selfish strife buildsup and estab
lishes inequality, classes, unequal condi
tions, anil so is the great cause of evik
Unselfish service, Buch as marks the brief
hours of good society, if extended to iu-
cludeallour time and acts, would per-
fellowship and unite all
Mr. Howells in his closing sent
"The purest ideals of the philosophers
and the saints are hot too fine to be real
ized in the civility which shall bo the life
of the whole fteopleand shall come home
to their business and bosoms.
All that delays this, which would be
the millennium, is failure to recognize
the principle of industrial as well as poli
tical equality. But as we shall not all
at the same time see the justice of indus
trial equality and the duty of loving our
neighbor as we love ourself, those who do
see this truth and duty must organize
the Christian industrial society, separat
ing themselves from the selfish strife for
GRANT U8 GEE AT TEACHERS
There seems to be a general, wide-sprend
opinion that we are approaching a great
world conflict between the classes, a final
Armageddon that in desperate measure
ment of strength and violence will be fear
fully destructive to human life aud pro
perty, It does Beem that a large percent
age of the people are losing faith in the
ballot box, in the possibility of finding
honest representatives and bringing to
gether the working masses in time to
save us from revolution. The oppressing
classes are intrenched behind tradition,
custom and law, the masses are divided
by demagogues, by their own leaders.
even, by smoothed-tongued corrupt off-
ice swkers, and are to an increasing ex
tent forced to politically divide by their
industrial masters, who hold over them
the power of life and death.
Look over our own country, the most
enlightened of all lands. Great numbers
of the people are sinking in the dead sea
of poverty. Aud there is no recognized
common interest bindiug together politi
cally, or in one great labor union, all the
workers. Selfishness aud ignorance
divide the forces of the oppressed, and
how can they know what is truth, or
whom to trust? This is, when so con
sidered, a most discouraging situation
But it is not hopeless. It is not im
possible that deliverance from desperate
conditions may come quickly, in time to
avert the threatened eruption of the
forces seething at bottom of the social
strata. What is needed, all that is need
ed, is the appearance of mighty men of
God who intellectually grasp the situa
tion and who with words of divine autho
rity shall make plain the demands ol
justice and the sin of the people. They
must be preuchers of the John Baptist
sort, who shall say to this generation:
"Prepare ye the w ay of the Loud,
MAKE BTHAHlllT IS THE KEHERT A HIGHWAY
fouourGod. Every valley shall be
kxalted, and every mountain and hill
shall he made low: and the crooked
SHALL HE MADE STRAKiHT, AXU THE HOUGH
PLACES PLAIN: ANU THE GLORY OF THE
LoitU SHALL BE lyEVEALED AND ALL FLUSH
shall see it together: for the mouth
of the Loud hath spoken it."
What force of accumulated facts, what
scope for eloqueuce the great, disciplined
full-visioned mind now would havel The
man who sees and understands, and who
is set on fire of love, can divide the world
with his voice. John, the forerunner,
was a burning and a shining light,"
and he alone drew the multitudes of a
whole nation after hiin when he preached
repentance to all classes; but greater
light may now be focussed by a single
intellect. The subtle wrongs and estab
lished deceptions of all the centuries, of
this present time especially, are being re
vealed to those who search for righteous
ness. The hearts of the loving are feel
ing a divine agony in view of the suffer
ing of the classes preyed upon, the un
loved and defenseless poor. They see the
causes of the mountains of wealth aud
the valleys of poverty, and can command
repentance of the greed and struggle
which have separated man from man and
clans from class.
A single man who in the greatness of
his mind can lay bare all deceptions of
evil and lift up the perfect moral stand
ard for the nations, the standard of the
Son of God which was long centuries aso
lowered, debased, corrupted, by an un
worthy church, can by his faithful teach
ing and preaching turn men from busi
ness selfishness and class conflict, can
bring repeutance to all, and establish an
order of society which is according to
justice and the moral reason. Great
moral leaders are what we need. And
they will soon come.
ETJREKA! FOUHD ATLA8T!
As it is very plain that there are too
many workers (?), it has occurred to us
that one less would bring some relief, and
we hereby tender our service to reduce
competition by doing nothing. What
man or hundred men want our job and
But, take notice, we insist that the man
who takes our place shall appreciate our
goodness in giving him a job, and show
it by allowing us to taUe first for our
family enough to live on in luxurious
fashion from his product, and that he
shall consider what is left his rightful
wages. It is no more than just, don't.
you see? that the man who provides
another man a job shall be paid for it;
and the demand for work is now so great
and desperate, the pay to those who fur
nish work should be, must be, correspond
ingly high. Furthermore, they who fur
nish work are life-saviors, don't you see?
and they should receive, in addition,
reverence aud the highest regard. We
must be supported in tine style and hou
ored in every way if we stop toiling and
provide a pluce to work for the poor who
desperately need it.
Another thing. We shall expect the
Creator to reward our goodness. "He
that hath pity on the poor leudeth to
the Lord," we understand, and we shall
expect a mansion in heaven made ready,
in return for the hovel on earth which we
allow the poor to build by providing him
Since writing the above our eyes have
chanced to fall on the Scripture which
says: "Iu the sweat of thy face shalt
thou eat bread until thou return unto
the irrouiid. The text doesn t seem to
fit our philanthropic scheme at first, but
it only needsa littlereasonable, practical
explanation. Now, does it stand to rea'
son that the Lord wants everybody to
work when there are more men seeking
work than there are places? And did not
Christ any: "The poor ye have always
with you?" If everybody worked all the
time what would we do with the goods?
If we have glutted markets and hard
times because of "over production" (?)
now, what iinmeasurablecalamity would
follow the vast increase of wealth which
everybody at work would heap up! We
have ruinously low prices now, but we
would have no prices then. Things
would have to be given away, then, to
get rid of them, and how could human
nature stand it?
No, it cannot be that "the wisdom of
the world ia foolishness with God." The
Almighty was simply joking, if He ever
said any such thing So we stand ready
to let others do the work and support
us and ours for the privilege. Call on or
address us at this office. Editor wanted,
to support and serve a retired philanthropist.
HEWS OF THE ELECTION
The election returns, ao far as in at this
writing (Wednesday, at 10:30 a. in.) in
dicate Republican victory. There is some
chance yet that Maxwell may pnll
through, but it is very uncertain. In
Lancaster county everything has gone
to the Reps. The reports from other
states are much in theirfavor. Tammany
has downed the citizens' reform move
ment which whipped the tiger last year,
in New York city, but the state has gone
Republican. Ohio is heavily Republican.
So is Massachusetts und all New England
and New Jersey and Maryland as well.
The Republicans also claim Kentucky,
but that is uncertain. Iowa is said to
have 75,000 Republican majority, but
early figures are largely conjectural and
hen the returns from the back counties
come ia it makes a decided alteration in
some states. Chicago has gone Republi
can. In Colorado the Republican ticket
seems to be beaten in the three largest
counties. Iu Kansas the Republicans
will lose at least two district judges.
If this year the Republicans show a
marked gain it will indicate that( a ma
jority of the people are yet so ignorant
and superficial in their reasoning that
they credit the hard times and low prices
solely to the laws of the party in power.
But we hope they cannot again beduped.
If the Republfcan party wins nextyear we
shall have no financial legislation and
no other legislation to change conditions.
A little tinkeriug of the tariff is all we
could look for. It is the opportunity of
the Topulist party to rise and save the
nation. If the Populist party fails to
command the confidence of the people,
does not become their hope, it will be
too late for a peaceful escape from indus
trial slavery. It is now, through 1896,
at the ballot box. But let us make the
effort of our lives to save our liberties,
the independence won by our fathers up
on many battlefields, "that a govern
ment of the people, by the people and
for the people may not perish from the
At 4 o'clock p. m., the news from the
different counties in this state is very
encouraging, it is pronaoie tnat judge
Maxwell will be found elected. And most
of the district judges are running ahead
of the Republican candidates. . The west
ern part of the state is doing splendidly.
Hard times for Ae oppressed are good
times for the oppressors. Read in evi
dence the reports of the Marlborough-
Vanderbilt wedding outlays and settle
ments, the Castellane-Gould and Curzon-
Leiter ditto. It is reported that the
young dude duke is to receive from his
bride's father, W. K. Vanderbilt, $5,000,-
000, "to restore the feudal glories of the
Marlborough estate, which have become
sadly wasted by dissipation and neglect."
"Blenheim palace, the tuture home of
Miss Vanderbilt, has 200 rooms, an
army of servants and a,iuu acres oi
land." The American people who have
to use the Vanderbilt railroads will con
tribute 50,000 a year to run this palace
and support the duke and duchess and
their descendants in royal splendor. At
the wedding the bride will appear "dress
ed in fifty yards of white satin brocade,
weighed down with half a million in
jewels, followed by eight or ten young
women, each representing boundless
wealth.". Yes, and this "boundless
weaith" ia exactly balanced by boundless
poverty, from which, m creating wnicli,
it had its existence.
Nebraska is not suffering alone. A
writer in the Dakota Ruralist of Oct. 31
date says that in five years 4,000 peo
ple have left Brown comity. Twenty-five
families have left the Finn settlement
north of Aberdeen since July. Thirteen
families left a single township on one
day last week. This was within 40 miles of
Aberdeen. One day this week five prairie
schoonera loaded with emigrants left
Ordway S. I). Nearly a dozen of the old
aettlera recently left Mellette to locate in
Georgia. Every Saturday half a dozen
or more chattel mortgage sales occur,
to close out the effects of settlers, who
throw up the aponire and leave the
country. But where can a poor man go
now? One place is as gocJd, or as bad,
aa another for him.
The politicians are trying to get us in
volved in a war with England. It would
be a great thing for them, the robbers, if
they could. Thousands of our people
whom the laws have left landless, depen
dent and unemployed, could be made
food for powder and gotten out of the
way. Questions of justice to our own
citizens would be forgotten m the patri.
otic (?) excitement over a war in behalf
of the American capitalists who have in
vested money in Venezuela. And the
war would furnish opportunities to rob
the government (tax payers), issue more
bonds, and distract attention from the
encroachment of monopoly power.
TnE luud department of the govern
ment reports that all available lands for
agricultural purposes are exhausted
That ia to say, there are no more free
agricultural lands to divide among home-
seekers. And 52 per cent of the families
of this country are living in rented homes
And thirty per cent who live in homes
nominally their own, have those homes
mortgaged. The rent paid by fifty-two
per cent of our people for farms and
homes, and the rent paid for offices,
stores, warehouses, factories, depots,
wharfs, etc., amounting to billions of
dollars annually, is onr tribnte to the
Is there a plan which ia making use of
all? Does my loss work general gain?
Is order being evolved from disorder and
go6d from evil?
He who suffers with sustaining faith
suffers infinitely less. .
THE NOVEMBER MAGAZINES
The Review of Reviews has the usual
comprehensive editorial review for the
month of the progress of the world, and
the regular departments conducted with
the usual ability, and for special features
four papers. The first is a sketch of the
life work of Prof. Louis Pasteur, with
numerous portraits and illustrations.
The second is a paper by the editor, Dr.
Shaw, on "Recent Progress of Italiuu
Cities." The third describes the late
Episcopal Convention at Minneapolis.
The fourth ia an article entitled, "In the
Field of International Sport," by H. W.
, The current number of the Arena will
contain an illustrated paper by Mr.
Flower entitled, "Strolla Beyond the
Walls of Chester; "Why the South Wants
Free Silver," by Senator Morgan; "The
Sociality of Jesus' Religion," by Prof.
Herron; a discussion of vaccination, con
cluded, by Alfred Milnes, A.M.; continua
tion of "A Battle for Sound Morality,"
by Helen H. Gardener; "The Impending
Political Advance," by Ex-Governor J.
M. Ashley; "The People's Lamps, by
Prof. Frank Parsons; "Hell no part of a
Divine Revelation," by Dr. W; E. Manley,
D. D.; "The Unrighteousness of Govern
ment as Viewed by a Philosophical Anar
chist," by -Charles Rodolph, M. D.;
"Practical Occultism," by Margaret B.
Peeke; a story, "In Foro Conscientiae,"
by Willis Mills, M. D., besides excellent
book reviews, and Current Events by the
The Century for November makes the
twenty-fifth anniversary for that excell
ent magazine. Its principal features are
an article by Mrs. Schuyler Van Renssel
laer on "Robert Louis Stevenson and his
Writings;" "Equality as the Basis of
Good Society," by W. D. Howells; "The
Armenian Question," by James Bryce;
"The Issues ol 1896" from a Republican
and Democratic view, by Hon. Theodore
Roosevelt and Hon. William E. Russell;
"Kaisersworth and its Founder," by
Eleonora Kinnicutt, a description of
"one of the world-centers of philanthro
pic works," which is "an illustration of
the way in which a man eminent for no
gifts save those called moral may suc
ceed in accomplishing tremendous re
sults." ' Prof. Sloane's "Life of Napoleon
Bonaparte" is continued; "Sir George
Tressady," a serial by Mrs. Humphrey
Ward, is commenced, and there are short
stories by Bret Harte, Misa Bride Neill
Taylor and Chester Bailey Feruald.
The November North American Review
contains fourteen principal papers.
"Quick Transit between New York and
Loudon," is discussed by Austin Corbin.
The late Prof. Boyesen has a posthumous
paper on, 'ine riague ot jocularity.'
The "Outlook for Republican buccess,"
is argued by Hon. Charles T. Saxton.
Edward Atkinson unloads about "Jin
goes and Silverites." Major General
Milea writes on "Our Acquisition of
Territory." Gov. Oates of Alabama tells
of "Industrial Development of the
South." Mary Anderson, the actress,
writes of her girlhood lif. Hon. Robert
P. Porter describes The Municipal Spirit
in England. Hon. W. G. Rice has a
paper on "Improvement of the Civil Ser
vice." The "True Source of American
Wealth" is discussed by President Clay
ton of the Farmers Congress. The "Per
sonal History ot the Second Empire," by
Vandain is continued. And "Our Duty in
the Venezuelan Crisis ' is discussed . by
Congressmen Wheeler, of Alabama and
Grosvenor of Ohio.
It Operates Well In Other Conntrles, Why
Not In the United States.
In Germany the government owns
and operates the railroads and the tele
graph and telephone systems. They
are all operated together, in one sys
tem. The rates are extremely low,
service first-class and a handsome profit
is realized by the government,although
popular service, not profit, is the main
result sought for.
In Sweden the government owns the
railroads, telegraphs and telephone
lines. The passenger rate on railroads
is 1)4 cents per mile, with a half rate
on Sunday. Telegraph tolls are only
10 cents. The "government derives a
good revenue from these lines, too.
In Aew houth Wales, the govern
ment owns and operates the railroads,
street railways, waterworks, docks,
telegraphs, telephones, etc. There
are 2.577 miles ol railroad in tne
colony, of which but 31 miles were
owned bv private parties. In 1994
there were 17,000,000 passengers car
ried at 1 1-5 cents per mile. .
The total earning-s were, in 1891, 3,-
913,541; total working expenses in 1894,
2,691,842; net earnings, 1,221,699.
All government mail anil freight
were carried free. All employes work
eight hours per day. Engineers re
ceive 83.30, and common labor 81.90 per
The United States consul to Sidney
says: "By defying the cry of socialism
the government saved 12,000,000 acres
of valuable land and borrowed the
monev to build the road at 4 per cent.
To-day the land which the government
would have had to give to corporations
to build the roads is worth more than
the total cost of the svstem. New
South Wales owes 8230,000,000, but the
utilities built bv this debt yield 83,
500,000 annually more than the interest
on the debt."
Dr. Madden, Eye, Ear, Nose, and
Throat diseases, over Rook Island
ticket office, S. W. cor. 1 1 and O streets.
Glasses accurately arljiiKted.
. : .. .
RENT AND INTEREST.
The Single Tax and Covrnmeot Bank
Will Kob Them of Their rower to Op.
Rent on land is a tax on the source
of wealth. Interest on money ia a tax
on the medium of wealth. These are
the two formidable obstacles to uni
versal prosperity. If the government
would claim, and use, such portions of
rent as arc now seized and appropri
ated by individuals as would suffice for
the necessary expense, leaving the
balance, which would be the greater
part of it, to be enjoyed by the pro
ducers of the wealth which now goes
to pay the rent of land and interest on
money, tramps and millionaires would
become rare objects to be met with in
Labor applied to land directly or in
a secondary manner produces ail
wealth. That wealth would be to a
large extent entirely useless without
the means to exchange it, distribute
it and subdivide it into minute quanti
ties, so that it can be readily applied
to the sustenance, the comfort and en
joyment of the human family. To ef
fect these exchanges, distributions and
subdivisions no method or medium has
ever been devised which will begin to
compare with that of money. Money
therefore is, or ought to be, regarded
as a public utility, the use or wnicn
should be free of private encumbrance
in the matter of interest or rent for
its use, as land; or whatever rent is ex
acted should be taken by the govern
ment to defray the necessary public
expense, and be equally enjoyed by
the whole community, as the expendi
ture of taxes is presumed to be for the
benefit of all.
Government could readily command
a monopoly of these two sources of
revenue by claiming the rent of all
land as its proper revenue, and supply
ing all money for legitimate purposes
at the bare cost of service. No user of
money would apply to private parties
for the loan or use of money at a rate
of interest higher than the government
furnished it for, which would be nom
inal When government assumes its proper
functions of claiming all rent of land
as the natural fund lor public use, '
and raises and lowers the rent as pub
lic exigencies demand, speculation in
land in general and city corner lota
especially will cease. Wjien gov
ernment assumes its rightful monopoly
of furnishing legal tender money
to persons engaged in business at
no more than is necessary to foot the
clerical and other incidental expenses
of the business, the mortgages resting
on the farms and homes of the indus
trious,, wealth producing classes will
be lifted and their annual task-master
burden of interest money and land
rent will have vanished forever. The
landlord, the mortgagee, curbstone
broker, or paper shaver and private
bank will be numbered with things
which belonged to a dark age period,
and those who ,sit now as spiders in
theirwebs waiting for flies would have
to invest the wealth acquired from the
toil of others in industrial pursuits,
and its owners take their chances for
loss and gain iff the great industrial
army, and the two most dangerous
classes, the millionaire and tramp,
will have disappeared from the world.
the People Mut Own and Operate It, or It
Will Surely Own and Operate Them.
Industry is not of the old patent or a
back number. It believes in the world's
moving along all lines, of progression
in all directions conducive to human
beneficence. But it does protest
against progression for the benefit of
the few and retrogression tor the
many. A macmne wnicn nas mane
such strides in progress as to capacity
and facility as to displace 90 per cent,
of the laboring people engaged in
that branch of industry " to which
it is applied without giving in
creased benefit to the 10 per cent,
is retrogression under the guise of
progression, and should be abolished.
This is not the fault, however, of
the machine or its inventor. The fault
lies in our social customs and the laws
of our country. We believe in all
grades and shades of progress in ma
chinery or in any other channel of in
dustry or thought But under customs
and laws of a country which deterior
ate rather, than keeo pace with thj
progressive people, energy and inge
nuity, comfort and happiness must re
main foreign to society, and misery,
poverty, depravity and degradation
must and will follow. We need not
fly away to the New England states or
to the old world for facts to verify our
statements or illustrations to present
the point in hand.
The type-setting machines employed
in San Francisco and Oakland have dis
placed 200 energetic, deserving men,
thus creating a saving of 82,500 per
week to only fifteen men and the loss
of this sum to 200 men, which entails
its loss to the general trade of Oakland
and San Francisco. The influence is
not, however, confined to the above
named classes or channels of business.
The type foundry will have to succumb
to this machine because it not only
sets the type but casts it as it goes
along. Hence thousands of men must
recede from the type foundry to fall
into the line of march looking for
something else with the great army of
"elsers" who are looking for some
thing else and find it not. Oakland
The Better Day.
The better day is coming. The dawn
ing of the grander age is not ao far
away aa some think, and there are
many eyes who view the misery of to
day that will see the beginning of the
happiness of the future, when all men ...
will "as brothers' be." Cheer up and
put your shoulder to the wheel, broth-
er, and help in the birth of the new;
time, when hate will die, and love of
man toward man be universal.
Grander Age. .
Each bank failure, in4 there have
been several of them in Kansas and
Missouri recently, is an argument in
favor of a change in our financial sys
tem, as well as in our banking laws.
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