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About The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 10, 1895)
October 10, 1895
THE WEALTH MAKERS.
JAMES M. FRAZER KILLS HIS FATH-ER-IN-LAW,'
TRAGEDY AT PLATTE CITY.
A Family Quarrel End In an Awful Trag
edy, the Victim llfiitg an Old Man
Sixty-Two Year of Age The
Murderer Succeed In Making
1IU EscapeThe Sheriff
and I'oue In Pursuit.
Platte Citv, Ma, Oct. 8. A family
quarrel of long standing resulted in
the murder of Jacob Oxford, an old
and well-to-do farmer residing about
five miles north of this place, by his
son-in-law, J nines M. Frazier, about 10
o'clock yesterday morning.
The crime was committed in cold
blood and on the threshold of Frazier'i
home. Its immediate cause was the
separation about four months ago ol
Frazier and his wife, although for
more than twoyears the murderer and
his father-in-law had been on very
Frazier came to this neighborhood
some time ago, and secured employ
ment on Mr. Oxford's large farm. Later
he married the farmer's daughter and
Mr. Oxford built a home for them at
the other end of his farm, about a
mile away from his own home. Fra
zier and his wife lived together hap
pily for a while, and the result of their
union was two bright children.
But finally Frazier began to abuse
his wife. His conduct, towatd her
finally became so unbearable that a
month ago she returned with her chil
dren to her father.
The deserted husband sent word to
his wife that if she did not return
home with the children he would make
trouble. She paid no attention to the
threat. He repeated it several times,
but ye she refused to go back to him.
He met Oxford several times on the
. farm and in Platte City, and tried to
quarrel with him, accusing him of
causing the separation. The old gen
tleman tried to reason with Frazier
that he was not mixed up in the quar
rel in any manner, but the son-in-law
wouldn't have it that way.
Yesterday morning Frazier acted
like a demon. A brother-in-law called
on him and he sent" him back home
with a message to Mr. Oxford.
"Tell the old man," said he, "that I
want to see him here as soon as pos
sible." ' V
The boy delivered the message, and
Oxford walked over to his son-in-law's
house, arriving there about 10 o'clock.
He knocked at the door and Frazier
threw it open in a towering passion.
"Why did you send for me?" asked
the old gentleman.
"Tn lrlll vnn lilr a Hnff." Cflmo thp
reply, and without another word
Frazier drew a 88-caliber revolver and
fired two bullets into Oxford's body
one entering directly over the left'
lung and passing through the body,
and the second penetrating the lower
part of the abdomen. The old gentle
man fell dead wheie he stood.
The son of Farmer Oxford who de
livered the fatal message that lured
him to death, was the only eye wit-
viabo frv tha miiwa, 1 1 a rAtnrnafl wit.h
his father to Frazier's house and stood
within a few feet of him when the
Immediately after the shooting
Frazier escaped and is still at large,
although Sheriff Oscar Berry and a
posse of citizens are scouring the
conntry in the hope of capturing him
before he gets too far away. The
murderer was about 45 years of age,
while his victim was 62.
FUNDS FOR IRELAND.
Aa Appeal Issued by the Irish National
New Yohk, Oct 8. The national of
ficers and executive committee of the
Irish National alliance issued yester
day the following appeal:
To All Friends of Irish Independence:
The convention which recently or
ganized at Chicago the Irish National
alliance has placed its guidance and
government in the hands of the under
signed for the ensuing two years. The
purpose of the alliance has already
been proclaimed to obtain the com
plete independence of Ireland .from
England by any means consistent with
the law of nations. Organizations,
like governments, have to depend on
their revenue for the successful accom
plishment of their duties. "The
6inews of war" for both are absolutely
necessary, both for organization and
FATHER WAGNER MARRIED
The St. Joseph Priest Taken From
Cell to Harry Maud Steidel.
St. Joseph, Mo., Oct. 8. Father
Dominick Wagner and Miss Steidel,
the girl whom he betrayed and whom
he had spirited away to Chicago two
weeks ago, were married Saturday
night at the home of the girl's mother
by Justice Fitton in the presence of
immediate friends of the family. Af
ter the ceremony the priest was driven
bacic to jail, wnere ne will remain
pending the action of the grand jury,
The mother of the girl was scarcely
able to stand, and her lamentations
were pitiable in the extreme.
AMBUSHED BY INDIANS.
Three Men Killed by Redskins at Jack
son's Hole, One Being Captain Smith.
Salt Lake City, Utah, Oct. 6. A
special from Idaho Falls, Idaho, says:
A report was brought here to-day by
J. W. Wilson, who lives near Jackson's
Hole, that three men were killed by
the Indians at the lower end of Jack
son's Hole, on the morning of the Sd
The men were shot from ambush, and
one was Captain Smith, who precip
itated the Indian trouble there last
GOVERNORS AND RELIGION.
Thirty-Nine thief Magistrates Avowed
Believers In Churches.
Chicago, Oct . Of the forty-four
! state governors iu the American union.
thirty-nine are avowed believers in re
ligion,' twenty-nine are professed
Christians. Most of them are regular
attendants at worship, and a great
majority are contributors to the ex
pense of religious work. A careful
canvass of the subject made by the
Times-Herald discloses these facts.
Responses were obtained from forty
three of the state governors and three
of the territorial executives.
Of the state governors, one Mr.
Culberson of Texas declined to de
fine his sentiments and no one would
speak for him, and anotherGovernor
Evans of South Carolina failed to re
ply in any way. Hut- those of the
other states spoke freely and frankly.
Among the governors there are ten
Presbyterians, live longregationansis,
five Episcopalians, four Methodists,
three Unitarians, one Baptist, one
Christian and sixleen unconnected
with church organizations. Of the
sixteen governors unattached to de
nominational organizations, twelve
attend religious services regularly
or intermittently, and all except
two. one a Universalist and
the other 9 a Free
believe in the Christian religion and
lis pian oi salvation, xtsa ui mew ,
have denominational preference, and i
even those without such predilection
entertain a kindly feeling and ap
preciation of religion's beneficent re
sults. Of those who declare denom
inational preferences, three are
Methodists, three Presbyterians, one
Congregationalist and one Baptist.
Sectionalism cuts no figure in the
preferences of governors except that
most of the Congregatlonalists are
New Englanders and a majority of
Presbyterians Southerners. But each
of the religious bodies has representa
tion in every section.
, The most conspicuous of the Meth
odist governors are McKinley of Ohio
and Daniel H. Hastings of Pennsylva
nia. The governors that attend that
church are Stone of Mississippi,
Cleaves of Maine, Clarke of Arkansas,
Rickards of Montana and Foster of
The Presbyterian fold embraces
Governor Matthews of Indiana, Allen
of North Dakota, O'Ferrall of Virginia,
Brown of Maryland, Renf row of Okla
homa, and Jefferson Gardner, chief of
the Choctaw nation in the Indian ter
ritory. Among those who lean on that
substantial religious creed are Stone
of Missouri, Clough of Minnesota and
Jackson of Iowa.
Governors Morton of New York, a
presidential candidate; Turney of
Tennessee, Watson of Delaware,
Prince of New Mexico, and Carr of
North Carolina, are Episcopalians.
Governor Budd of California says
that he has no religion, but he be
lieves in the observance of Sunday as
the day of rest His parents are not
believers and he was brought up as a
Governor Oates of Alabama says that
he is not a member of any church and
that he has joined only two institu
tions the Masonic fraternity and the
the Democratic party. Governor Mo
Intyre of Colorado affiliates with the
liberals, but is not an infrequent at
tendant at Unity church.
The Unitarians are Greenhalge of
Massachusetts, Morrill of Kansas and
Lippitt of Rhode Island.
BANDITS MAKE MISS.
Only Eighty-Fire Cents to Repay Six"
Indian Territory Outlaws.
Fort Smith, Ark., Oct. 8. The
north-bound 'Frisco passenger train
was held up at Caston, Ind. Ter., fifty
miles south of here last night by six
men, who cut the express car loose
from the train and ran it up the track.
They failed to open the through safe,
and only got eighty-five cents from
the local safe.
The passengers were not molested.
The train was permitted to pull out
after the bandits failed to open the
It is thought to have been the work
of the Christian brother's gang.
Washington, Oct. 8. Chief Harris,
of the Cherokee nation, is on hand to
urge the secretary of the interior to
get ready to rush the intruders out of
the Cherokee country soon after Jan
uary 1, next. Within a month he says
that all intruders will be paid for their
improvements according to the ap
praisement made by the commission
appointed to do that work. When this
payment is completed, Harris will In
sist that the nation has complied with
all the terms incumbent upon the
Cherokees, and then the United States,
according to legislation, shall step in
and force the intruders, numbering
4,000, out of that country.
Plain Talk by Redmond.
Dublin, Oct 8. At the convention.
of the Parnell pyrty the usual resolu
tions in regard to home rule and am
nesty for political prisoners were
passed. John Redmond, in the course
of a speech said that unlesss the free
doin of Ireland was granted, in case of
war, it would be to the tune of "lhe
Marsellaise" that they would march.
and not to that of "God Save the
Two Deaths Due to Family Trouble.
Clinton, Iowa, Oct 8 At Low
Moor, a small village "about ten miles
west, an ex-saloon keeper named Siler
shot and killed John Otto to-day and
then killed himself. The alleged
cause ol the shooting was domestic
trouble in Siler's family.
Officials aa Game Law Violators.
Springfield, Mo., Oct. 8. Prosecut
ing Attorney J. J. Bruton, County
Clerk Adams and about twenty-five
other influential citizens of Christian
county, are to be arrested for violat
ing the game laws, they having
drained a pond and killed 1,000 pounds
of fish. Deputy Game Warden Jenkins
of this city worked up the case.
The Black Rod t'sher Dead.
London, Oct. 3. The Hon. Sir James
Robert Drummond, G. C. R, K. C B.;
gentleman usher of the black rod (ser
geant at arms), is dead, aged 8.
THE PEARY E
PROFESSOR DYCHE TELLS THE
STORY. OF ITS FAILURE.
BORE GREAT HARDSHIPS.
Forced to Torn Hack on the Edge of
the Clrcumuolar Sea The Arctic Ex
plorer I'nable to Find His Cache
When Almost Within Bight
of the Pole Sufferings
on Bet urn Journey.
New York, Oct 8. Professor L. L.
Dyche of Kansas university, in an
article in the Herald on the Peary ex
I pedition, asserts that Peary when
' . 1 rr (i law milae fi.rtn tha fn.rthlftfc
point north, was forced to turn back
and thus describes the Incidents after
the failure to find the caches: "There
was nothing more to be done but to
beat a retreat It must have been a
terrible moment to Lieutenant Peary
. , ..,
wnen at umgwiue ui,B
his back upon that open sea of ice.
He had reached a latitude of eighty
one degrees forty-seven min
utes, ten miles farther north
than he had reached before.
Not many miles farther on
and he would have reached the farth
est north. Had he secured his alco
hol and pemmican he could have safe
ly and easily continued his journey.
He stood upon the brink of the rocks
and looked down and out over the sea
of ice before him. The ice was smooth
and inviting; the dogs could have
made fast time; perhaps the pole itself
might have been reached. Like an
other Moses, he looked toward the
promised land, to enter which he had
toiled so long and faithfully. Sadly
he turned his back, leaving hope and
bis ambitious dreams behind, and be
gan his grim and terrible march toward
Anniversary lodge. For ten years
he had struggled to reach the farthest
north and now when he had almost
achieved it he was obliged to beat a
retreat. Slowly the party dragged
themselves backward, throwing away
everything that could lighten their
toilsome 'march. Bedding, instru
ments, guns, ammunition, extra cloth
ing, a prayer book, the tent itself in
fact everything that might impede
them in their terrible struggle for life
was abandoned. They even tore
from their nautical almanac the three
leaves containing the calculations then
required and threw the rest away.
The line of march was marked by the
whitening bones of the dead dogs and
abandoned equipments of the party.
They, started with forty-one dogs and
five sledges; now they had one sledge
and only two dogs remained. For
five davs thev had but a few biscuits
and a little tea per day. They killed j
one dog and ate him, giving the re- i
maimng dog a share. The dog they
ate had been so starved that there was
nothing but dry tendons and tough
hide to gnaw upon. At length the
last morsel of food of any kind was
consumed, and the lodge was still
twenty miles away. It took them two
days to get there, during which time
not a particle of food passed their
lips, nor had they anything to drink.
Footsore, weary, emaciated to death's
door, they reached Anniversary lodge
on June 25, three gaunt iren, one
shadow of a dog, the sole survivor of
WAGNER AN EMBEZZLER.
The Ex-Frlest Short In His Church Ac
counts Steidel Case Indictments.
St. Joseph, Mo., Oct. 8. The grand
jury returned three indictments
against Dominick Wagner, the ex
priest, for criminal assault, for ruin
ing a girl under 18 years of age and
for abduction. The grand jury is now
investigating charges of embezzle
ment preferred against the ex-priest
by members of his congregation.
The indictments will probably be
nolle prossed, the ex-priest having
married the girl Saturday night, and
she cannot be compelled to appear
against her husband. Wagner will,
however, be prosecuted on the charge
of embezzlement, as the experts who
bave examined the bonks of the par
ish, say there is a shortage of $3,000.
Bishop Burke, who reached noine irom
Rome this, morning, says before he
left, three months ago, Wagner ad
mitted that he had misappropriated
$1,000 of the church's money.
Parnell's Death Day Observed.
London, Oct 8. The newspapers
generally profess to see in the in
creased crowds which observed the
anniversary of the death of Charles
Stewart Parnell yesterday in Dublin,
evidence of the sympathy of the
masses of Ireland with the Parnellites
and their cause. The Morning Post,
alluding to 'the popular demonstra
tion, says: "Not one McCarthy ite
dared to show his face among the
Bannock Indian Test Case.
Cheyenne, Wyo.,Oct. 8. Judge Gib
son Clark, United States Attorney for
Wyoming, has received formal instruc
tions from the attorney general to ap
ply for a writ of habeas corpus for the
release of two Bannock Indians ar
rested at Evanston for violation of the
state trame laws, thus making a test
Montana Sheep Men Want Protection.
Gbeat Falls, Mont, Oct 8. The
sheep-men of Montana are arranging
for represedtation at Washington dur
ing the next session of congress, to
obtain a protective tariff on wool.
Senator T. C. Power pre sided, and
state convention to be held at Helena
November ll, was called.
Gored to Death by an Elk.
St. Louis, Mo., Oct. 8. While at
tempting to save the life of a young
doe. Henrv Nelson, keeper of the For-
est park "zoo," was gored to death by
an infuriated elu.
NEW PROMISES BY TURKEY.
Plan of Reform for Armenia Accepted
Fresh Trouble In Constantinople.
Constantinople, Oct S. Said
Pasha, the new Turkish minister for
foreign affairs, has called at the dif
ferent embassies, and has presented to
the representatives of the powers a
communication from the Turkish gov
ernment repeating the assurance that
a plan for reform in Armenia has been
accepted by the porte. It is not be
lieved, however, that this will satisfy
the powers. There have been no
further excesses, however, although
the feeling of great disquiet still pre
vails and fresh demonstrations on the
part of the Armenians are feared.
The Armenians still in the patriarch
ate church, in which they sought
refuge after the rioting of Monday
last, fired some shots at noon to-day,
and it was feared that another out
break was imminent. The police
watching the building promptly noti
fied the military authorities, and a
strong force of troops was sent to the
spot and occupied all of the adjacent
streets. This caused quite a panic
among the inhabitants of that quar
ter. The Kurds then entered the
workshops along the quays and ex
pelled, from them all of the Armenians
they could find. Later, it is claimed,
the bodies of four Armenians were
St. Joe Wants the Fight.
St. Joseph, Mo., Oct 8. A move
ment is on foot among the sporting
men of this city, looking towards the
bringing off of the Corbett-Fitzsim-mons
fight at this place. In the mid
dle of the Missouri river opposite the
city is an island which has been
formed by the river in the past two
years. On this island the Ryan-Lay-ton
and several other fights have been
brought off, the authorities of Mis
souri and Kansas being unsuccessful
each time in trying to prevent the
meetings. An association of wealthy
sports is now arranging an offer to
the managers of the two pngilists to
bring off the fight on the island, and
claim there will be no interference.
Boston, Oct. 8. At a mass meeting
of i the Armenians of Boston and
vicinity the topic of general discus
sion was the recent atrocities in Con
stantinople and th' delay of the Eu
ropean powers in demanding .redres9
of the Turkish government for those
which occurred over a year ago. Reso
lutions were passed by the meeting ex
pressing sympathy for their compa
triots suffering in Turkish dungeons
and advocating revolutionary meas
ures as the only way that the Arme
nian nation can be saved from exter
mination. May Apply the Torch.
Chicago, Oct a. "If the law is not
allowed to take its course concerning
our men involved in crime the torch
may be applied in those cities where
the outrages occur." These words
were uttered at the close of the regu
lar evening services by Rev. J. M.
Townsend, colored, pastor of Quinn
chapel. An audience of a thousand
colored people applauded the senti
ment and rose to their feet to further
show their appreciation of their pas
New York, Oct 8. Don Manuel
Ferrando of Castile, a member of one
of the .oldest families of Spain and f or-
merlv a superior of the order of
Capuchin monks, has renounced the
Roman Catholic church and accepted
the Protestant faith,
the ministry of the
He will enter
Walte Will Speak in Kansas.
Topeka, Kan., Oct 8. Chairman
John W. Breidenthal of the Populist
state central committee to-day re
ceived a letter from ex-Governor
Waite of Colorado, notifying him that
he would arrive here " October 17, to
spend a week in the Kansas campaign,
Another Lemont Outrage.
Chicago, Oct. 8. Editor Simons of
the Cook County News of Lemont, was
assaulted and brutally kicked and
beaten by a mob of roughs.who, it is
said, were lead by C A. Tatty, brother
in-law of Mayor McCarthy.
Wife Murder and Suicide.
Springfield, Mo., Oct 8. George
Napper of Verona yesterday killed his
wife and himself on account of domes
tic trouble. They left a large family.
Indian Inspector McLaughlin says
that there will never be any more
outbreaks of the red man.
A circular giving directions how to
secure a consular life job under civil
service laws has been issued.
The Mexican minister has warned
his government that prize fights are
held in bad odor in this country.
The pictures of Mrs. Yang, the
Chinese minister's wife, are the first
ever taken of a Chinese lady in this
A miner was blown to atoms by a
giant powder explosion at Stray Horse
John Richmond shot at Constable
Will Bryant near Paris, Tex., and
killed John Harris.
Nine of the crew of the Italian bark
Fillipo R.," which foundered in mid
ocean, were rescued.
Ex-Judge Powers, who murdered his
son-in-law at Lead ville, Col., narrow
ly escaped lynching.
Spain will send more generals to
Cuba to reinforce General de Campos.
There is some talk of W. E. Henley
being made poet laureate of England.
Governor Stone has appointed dele
gates to represent Missouri in the road
parliament at Atlanta.
John Bull requested the Nicaraguan
government to settle a silver debt In
Armenian developments seem to in
dicate that England is being foroed to
side with Russia against her will and
against the Turks.
The Lackawanna has succeeded in
lowering the world's long distance
speed record, heretofore held by the
.new xors ivntra
COMMISSIONER BROWNING- TAKES
A VERY DECIDED STAND,
WILL NOT BE ALLOWED.
Agent Wisdom Instructed to Prevent
Corbet t and Fitzgimmons From Meet
lng In the Territory Federal
Troops Available The law
In the C'ane Ample -to
Bleet Every Point.
Wabiungton, Oct. 8. Commissioner
Browning of the Indian ofiice has
taken prompt and decisive steps to
prevent the Corbett-Fitzsimmons prize
fight taking place in the Indian terri
tory. He has sent a letter of in
structions to Agent Wisdom at Mus
cogee, I. T., directing him to see that
the laws are enforced and to eject
forcibly any intruders who may enter
the Indian country for the purpose of
creating a disturbance or of engaging
in anything that may be detrimental
to the Indians. The commissioner
says that the statutes of the United
States are ample to cover the situation
and to prevent the fight The agent
will have at his back not only the In
dian police but all United States troops
necessary to eject the fighters. The
statutes give the United States author
ity to keep out of the Indian territory
all persons whose presence would be
detrimental to the peace and prosper
ity of the Indians. The commissioner
says there is no doubt the presence of
the prize fighters and the gang that
would follow them into the Indian ter
ritory would be very detrimental to
the Indians, and that it is therefore
the duty of the Indian office to keep
them out. He says the agent at Mus
cogee has not got as much authority as
the agents on reservations, but, never
theless, has enough to prevent the
fight taking place in the territory of
the five civilized tribes. The commis
sioner intends also to notify all gov
ernors and head men of the five civil
ized tribes that they must not allow
the fight to take place and must assist
the United States authorities in pre
Commissioner Browning was asked
if the admission of Corbett, Fitzsim
mons and others connected with the
fight to citizenship in one of the tribes
would make any difference in the au
thority of the government and he said
that it would not change the condi
tions in the least The government
has the power to expel a full blood In
dian from the territory if the peace
and good order of the Indians require
it. The government would be able to
exercise a great deal of discretion in
the affair. The United States mar
shals, or the Indian agent and
his police, backed by the United
States troops, can remove the
fighters as intruders and keep
them out and then answer as to
violation of the law afterward.
It is not a case where the fight might
take place and the fighters then be
called upon as to whether they have
violated the law. The government
will not even wait for the affair to
progress that far. The principals and
others connected with the fight will
be unceremoniously hustled off the
' Indian lands on the ground that they
, are intruders whose presence
desirable. If they make any com
plaint about it the courts will have to
determine the rights of the matter,
and it is believed the possibilities are
that the power of the United States
government will be broadly inter
preted. Stolen Papers Returned.
Hennessey, Ok.. Oct. 8. Twoyears
ago Dr. F. G. Minton of Homestead
was robbed of $30 in money and papers
of over $200 value. Saturday he re
ceived an envelope containing all of
the papers intact, and a note saying
that the robbers had no use for them,
and, as he had acted very reasonably
when he was robbed, they had con
cluded to return them. The postmark
was so dim that it conld not be traced,
except that ' it was mailed at some
point in Oklahoma.
Wichita Girls Missing.
Wichita, Kan., Oct. 8. Flossie
Guthrie, the 15-year-old daughter of
Robert E. Guthrie of this city, has
been missing since Saturday evening
and the police are unable to find any
trace of her. Jeannette James, aged
! 14, a chum of hers, disappeared last
nigbt and connot be found. It is be
lieved that the girls left according to
prearranged plans and are together.
The "Sassafras Man" Dead.
Charleston, 111.. Oct. 8. One of
the most unique and widely known
characters in this section of the state
died last night John Gordon, the
"sassafras" man. He was nearly 80
years old and made his living by
digging and selling roots of the sassa
fras tree. Both Whitcomb Riley and
Robert Mclntrye have made him fam
ous in verse.
His Victim's Mother Glad.
Decatur, I1L, Oct. 8. Vhen Charles
N. Smith was sentenced to-day to be
hantred November 29, the mother of
the child murdered by him cried out
"I am so srlad!" Smith murdered his
daughter, Louise Smith, and his sister
in-law, Edna Buchert, nine days ago
and pleaded guilty.
Eighteen Killed In a Collision.
Brussels, Oct. o. Dispatches from
Havre, where a collision between a
crowded passenger train and an en
gine occurred yesterday evening, show
that eighteen persons were killed and
100 injured, several of the latter prob
ably fatally. There are no Americans
among the dead or injured.
Actor Walden Ramsey Dead.
New York, Oct 8. Walden Ramsey,
the well known actor and member of
Palmer's company, is dead. He was
born in Charleston, S. C.
his first hit in "The Lights o' London"
This Feature of Populist Doctrine Clearly
Explained by Eltweed Pomeroy. '
I am asked: "Does direct legislation
agree with the principles of the demo
cratic party?" Yes, my friend, and
fully. The only trouble with that
party is thafc it doesn't live up to it
principles. If it did, l a De a ngnung
democrat Old Thomas Jefferson is
good enough for me. But, alas! the
distance between democratic practice
and precept is pretty near as far as
day from night
Here's Sullivan's definition of direct
"The initiative: The proposal of a
law by a per centage of the voters.
"The referendum: The vote at the
polls on a proposed law.
"Lawmaking by the voters is termed
direct legislation to distinguish it from
lawmaking by representatives, which
is supposed to carry out the will of the
sovereign people indirectly." J
Here's some things that Jefferson
and others have said:
Thomas Jefferson, in his first in
augural address: "Sometimes it is
said that man cannot be trusted with
the government of himself. Can he
then be trusted with the government
of others? Or have we found angels
in the form of kings to govern him?
Let history answer the question."
Thomas Jefferson, in a letter to Ed
mund Randolph: "The whole body
la t.hn Hovereiirn legisla
tive", judiciary and executive power lor
itself. It is the will of the nation
which makes the law obligatory; it is
their will which creates or annihilates
the origin which is to declare and an
nounce it." !
Thomas Jefferson, in a letter to E.
Samuel Kerchival: "Governments are "
republican only in proportion as they
embody the will of the people and exe
Thomas Jefferson, in a letter to CoL
Ed Carrington: "I am persuaded that
the good sense of the people will be
found to be their best army. They
may be led astray for a moment, but
will soon correct themselves. The
people are the only censors of tneir
governors; and even their errors will
tend to keep to the true principles of
Here is what St Loe Strachey, ed
itor of the London Spectator, said re
cently: "The most democratic measure con
ceivable is the referendum. No one
who upholds that institution can be
accused for a moment of not trusting
the people or of failing to acquiesce in
the principle that the people them
selves constitute the ultimate sover
eign power in the nation. That is the
true touchstone. The man who re.
fuses to agree on the referendum may
be a very good Jacobin one, that is,
who holds certain abstract views as
sacred but he cannot be, true to the
essential principle of democratic gov
ernment" Calhoun, on rights of states, said:
. j : j l . V. A
tsy nature every luuiviuuai uao tuu
right to govern himself; and govern
ments must derive their right from the
assent expressed or implied of the gov
erned and be subject to such limita
tions as they impose.','
Thomas Jefferson: "The will of the
majority is the natural law of every
society and the only sure guardian of
the rights of man. Ferhaps even tnis
may sometimes err, but its errors are
honest, solitary and short-lived. Lien
us forever bow down to the general
reason of society."
Here is what two professors say of
our present system:
Prof. John R. Commons: "True rep
resentative government does not exist
We have a sham representation. It
gives a show of fairness but it is
crude and essentially unfair. It does
not represent the people. It repre-
sents the politicians. We are law
abiding people. Yet our laws are
made by the minority of the people,
and by an irresponsible oligarchy more
dangerous than that our fathers re
Prof. G. D. Herron: "Keally, we are
not representatively governed and the
majority does not rule. Representa
tive legislation and government are a
fiction so far as our nation is con
cerned." There, my friend, if you are a demo
crat and that don't convert you to di
rect legislation, I'll give you up as a
YiaA irVi Tf von iirA not a democrat
j j --
paste it in your hat and fire it off at
the next one you meet and convert ,
him. You are worthless unless you
spread a good thing. 1
The last plank in the people's party
platform in Kentucky says:
"We favor a constitutional amend
ment providing for a system of direct
legislation, by which 20 per cent of
the legal voters of the state on state
matters, or the same per cent in any
legal subdivision on local matters in
such subdivision, may, by petition,
have submitted to all the people of the
state, or to the people of such subdi-
Tia1in r, tciaf. fhpir Rnwrflitrn will, anv
act of legislation.''
If you believe the will of the people
ought to be the supreme law of the
land, you should vote with the people'
party and get direct legislation.
Kentucky now has direct legislation
on the whisky question and the voters
of any county can, by petition, force a
vote on that question at any time.
Why not on other questions?
Corporations can buy the legislature
"body and breeches," but they cannot
buy the people of Kentucky. Direct
legislation will break their power for
Vote as You Pray.
Are you praying that God's will may
be done on earth as it is in Heaven?
Do you vote as yo'u pray? Sure?
Are you against the money changers
as Christ was, or do you vote on their
Do you vote with Lazarus, or with
the rich man?
Is there any probability oi you!
party being led in 189G by men so po
they will not know where to lay their
heads during the campaign?
Does your party platform preach a
political gospel to the poor?
Christian, do you vote as you pray?
Sure of it? Nevada (Mo.) Director.
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